CN107587221A - A kind of double thick mariages " anti-virus sterilizing composite yarns of the six directions one " and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of double thick mariages " anti-virus sterilizing composite yarns of the six directions one " and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN107587221A
CN107587221A CN201710831176.5A CN201710831176A CN107587221A CN 107587221 A CN107587221 A CN 107587221A CN 201710831176 A CN201710831176 A CN 201710831176A CN 107587221 A CN107587221 A CN 107587221A
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赵博
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Zhongyuan University of Technology
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of health yarn, especially with regard to a kind of double thick mariages " production method of the comfortable skin-protection and health-care composite yarn of the antiultraviolet anti-virus sterilizing of the six directions one " and application, wherein, it is made of the raw material of following weight proportioning:The weight content of the scribbled Midlle-longstaple cotton fiber accounts for 15 ~ 85%, the weight content of Outlast air-conditioning fibers accounts for 15 ~ 85%, the weight content of white bamboo-carbon fibre accounts for 15 ~ 75%, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers 25 ~ 85%, it is good that composite functional stocking yarn of the present invention not only has sucting wet air permeability, dyeability is good, elasticity is good, fullness is good, it is soft, it is bright in luster, rich in gloss, adverse reaction will not occur with human contact, product is not easy to be damaged by worms and rotted, outward appearance is unique, with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, skin care is healthy and strong, beauty treatment, skin care, skin-friendly waits well healthcare function, drapability is good, comfortableness is good, wearability is good, natural in color, product purpose is extensive.

Description

A kind of double thick mariages " anti-virus sterilizing composite yarns of the six directions one " and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to the skin-protection and health-care yarn field of textile, and in particular to a kind of double thick mariages " UV resistance of the six directions one " Line, anti-virus sterilizing, comfortable, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing, deodorization anti-aging, multi-function health-care composite yarn and its preparation method and application.
Background technology
With the rapid progress of science and technology and the continuous improvement of people's lives, safety, comfortable, health multifunctional clothes decoration To increasingly it be favored, under a kind of such trend and demand, the demand of various high-grade functional form clothing fabrics is continuous Increase, in order to meet that consumer to natural, comfortable and environmental protection concept pursuit and the market demand, is with " innovation, function, fashion " Theme, design a safety, comfortable, health multi-functional yarn, therefore more work(based on antiultraviolet antiviral functions Energy property yarn arises at the historic moment, and the yarn of the composite functional can be positioned at high-grade composite functional stocking yarn, applied to top grade The fields such as sun-proof antibacterial garment, functional underwear, its development and production not only have broader market and development prospect, and And more meet fashion, garment material, functional underwear of processing etc. are can be widely used for, not only Comfortable attractive, had anti- The multifunctionalities such as ultraviolet is antiviral, health is also advantageous for, it is deep to be favored by consumer, and also economic benefit also very may be used See, the exploitation of product has more wide market prospects.
Long-staple cotton, also known as sea island cotton, gained the name because fiber is longer, be a kind of Shoot apex.Long-staple cotton fiber uniform color, Length is grown, and fineness is thin, and maturity is moderate, and grade is higher, and containing miscellaneous few, elasticity is good, and warmth retention property is good, and short fiber content is low, due to its quality Excellent, fiber is soft and long, is described as " superfine product in cotton " by common people.It is also the critical material of high-count yarn spun, the state such as high-end color is knitted, home textile Interior top product and the high added value textile and clothes of outlet, it is adapted to the special high grade cotton yarn series of products of processing.But long-staple cotton fiber Price is high, and sugar content is higher, and difficulty is larger during pure spinning.
Outlast viscose rayons are a kind of new " intelligent temperature adjusting fibers ", and also known as air-conditioning fiber, temperature-sensitive phase-change material exists Storage or release heat can be quickly absorbed during temperature change, due to the addition of the microcapsules of temperature-sensitive phase-change material in fiber, it The temperature of surrounding can on one's own initiative, be intelligently controlled, different according to environment temperature absorb or discharged heat, have Double-direction Temperature The ability of regulation and the adaptability to environment, Outlast air-conditioning fibers not only maintain the regenerated fiber such as moisture absorption, softness, smooth The good characteristic of cellulose fiber, it integrates natural fiber and staple fibre advantage, but also has the good feature of environmental protection and life State property.Its moisture transported permeable function admirable, soft smooth, drapability is good, is that a kind of Novel comfortable takes fiber, especially suitable Run jointly to send out dress ornament high-grade and post and the wearing fabric such as wear.But due to the addition of the microcapsules of temperature-sensitive phase-change material in fiber, make Fiber performance also there occurs larger change, wet break strength is small, and extension at break increase, initial modulus is low, small It is easily deformed under load effect, ratio resistance is big, and electrostatic phenomenon is serious, is deformed using fabric shrinkage made from pure fiber big.
White bamboo-carbon fibre is one kind of bamboo-carbon fibre, using bamboo wood as raw material, using charring process is dried, under the high temperature conditions Destructive distillation and the bamboo charcoal formed, are ground into sodium rice grade particles by white bamboo charcoal, are added in viscose glue mixed liquor, then through a series of processing A kind of regenerated celulose fibre for the new type natural bacteriostasis antibiosis developed.White bamboo-carbon fibre intensity is high, and initial modulus is high, moisture absorption Property good, good permeability, and moisture absorption rate is fast, and bacteriostasis antibiosis is good, and dyeability is good, and degree of fixation is high, can be biodegradable;Raw material All using green production and high-tech means in extraction and production process, therefore the fiber is remained without any chemical assistant Natural fiber, it belongs to a kind of natural green fiber, has healthcare function, and itself is nuisanceless, will not also cause secondary Pollution, the advantages of it not only integrates natural fiber and synthetic fibers, but also there is natural antibacterial performance, while have good Good eco-environmental prote.White bamboo-carbon fibre not only has the characteristics that far infrared emission function and negative ion-releasing function, also has Have that specific surface area is big, surface has certain groove, and internal voids are more, and moisture-absorbing moisture-keeping performance waits well premium properties.But wearability Difference, wet break strength is small, is deformed using fabric shrinkage made from pure white bamboo-carbon fibre big.
Moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fiber surfaces have 4 grooves, and using the drainage effect of polymorphic structure, it will can inhale rapidly The moisture and sweat on surface are received, and drains into outer layer evaporation, dry and comfortable comfortable in keeping body, Topocool fibers belong to different in nature section Fiber, capillarity caused by it, can take sweat to garment shell rapidly, have with the fabric of Topocool fiber process The functions such as sweat, quick-drying, nice and cool and comfortableness are led, it is comfortable and easy to wear, without sultry sensation, and skin is kept dry and comfortable, it is unique Performance be that many other fabrics institute is unapproachable, be current preferable high-grade fabric, the fiber moisture absorption is fast, lead it is wet fast, Evaporation is fast, to the wet balance of Studies of Human Body Heat, plays regulatory role, and fibre section is abnormal shape, and its anti-bending strength is fine better than other circular cross-sections Dimension, eliminate the coarse hard sense of circular-section fibers fabric it is soft so that fabric is more fluffy, it is comfortable and easy to wear, through dyeing and finishing plus There is lovely luster, the soft characteristic such as comfortable after work.But fiber regain is only 0.51 ﹪, and price is higher, therefore is made With being restricted.
Antiultraviolet polyester filament is that the fiber is to human body using a kind of new type functional fiber of high-tech means exploitation It is harmless, there is anti-ultraviolet function, have sterilization, sterilization effect and health-care effect to the skin of human body.With knitting for the fiber process Thing, not only has reflex, and also preferable shielding action to ultraviolet radiation, and by the energy conversion of ultraviolet into Energy or other harmless low energy forms, are discharged or are consumed.The product processed with it is soft dry and comfortable, and drapability is good, resistance to Mill property is good, and wearability is good, has good snugness of fit, makes the preferred raw materials of producing high-grade functional textile.By this The product of fiber development is environmentally safe, meets the requirement of ecological, environmental protective, can meet that people pursue dress ornament orientation and health The multi-faceted demand with feature etc., its unique uvioresistant effect and health-care efficacy, will be significantly greatly increased uvioresistant terylene The added value of fiber.
Antiultraviolet polyester fiber intensity is high, and wearability is good, and hook strength is high, and initial modulus is big, has very big resistance The ability of deformation.Not only there is the superperformance of natural fiber, and there is the good physical of synthetic fibers, Ke Yiyu again The blending such as natural fiber and synthetic fibers, the fabric of processing have good stability, wrinkle resistance, gas permeability, penetrability, pendency Property and extensibility, good stability of the dimension, have silk quality sense effect, fabric has a close grain, and clean, clear, pattern is novel, and quality is plentiful soft With it is comfortable and easy to wear.But fibre cohesion is small, surface is smooth, and mass specific resistance is big, and antistatic phenomenon protrudes, and spinnability is poor.Knit Thing hygroscopicity is poor, and dress has feeling of oppression and heat, while easily static electrification, contamination dust, influences attractive in appearance and comfortableness.
Permanent anion multifunctional viscose filament yarn is a kind of functional fiber, and it has bacteriostasis efficacy, utilizes high-tech skill Tourmaline is passed through special processing by art, can discharge the functional health type viscose rayon of anion, and it is different from general Common viscose fiber long filament, it can provide the trace element of human body needs, improve microcirculation, have preferable health care to a variety of diseases Function, have no side effect to human body, anion viscose fibre can discharge anion, have the effect such as antibacterial, antibacterial and smelly eliminating.It is but resistance to Mill property is poor, and wet break strength is small.
The content of the invention
The present invention propose it is a kind of have moisture absorbing and sweat releasing, anti-aging, antiultraviolet, anti-virus sterilizing, comfortable, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing, The anti-ageing healthcare function of waiting for a long time of deodorization, and yarn or fabric not only have excellent Water-proof and oil-proof, antifouling effect and fabric remote From various harmful bacterias and the influence of pollution, and manufactured knitting or Woven textiles are safe to the human body, ultraviolet resistance It is good, strengthen the immunity of human body, be beneficial to health, there is preferable protective effect to human body skin, and also it is different with adsorbing Taste, antibacterial, fungi-proofing, antibacterial, moisture absorption, moisture releasing, lead the work(such as wet, deodorization, beauty and skin care, the release of emitting far-infrared and anion Effect.
Realize the technical scheme is that:A kind of double thick mariages " the anti-virus sterilizing composite yarn of the six directions one ", by rove and Skeletal yarn is made in polyester filament, and anion rayon long filament is wrapped in Skeletal yarn surface by twisting, composite yarn is made;Wherein rove Including rove A1 and rove B2, rove A1 is long-staple cotton fiber and Outlast air-conditioning fibers, rove B2 be white bamboo-carbon fibre and Topocool fibers.
The percentage by weight of each material is in the rove A1:The weight content of long-staple cotton fiber accounts for 15~85%, The weight content of Outlast air-conditioning fibers accounts for 15~85%;The percentage by weight of each material is in rove B2:White bamboo-carbon fibre Weight content accounts for 15~75%, Topocool fibers 25~85%.
The mixed yarn performance indications of the composite yarn are:Single thread 14.7~25.9cN/tex of fracture strength, single thread fracture are strong Spend coefficient of variation Cv values 8.0~19.7%, strip dry uniformity variant coefficient Cv values 14.9~27.4%.
The single fiber line density 2.5dtex of the long-staple cotton fiber, length 38.00mm, maturity coefficient 1.76, short fiber content 10.32%, percentage of impurity 1.72%, fineness discrete 17.87%, regain 8.1~8.5%, fracture strength 3.23cN/dtex, break Split elongation 6.72%;Single fiber the line density 2.5dtex, length 38.00mm of Outlast air-conditioning fibers;White bamboo-carbon fibre Single fiber line density 2.5dtex, length 38.00mm, dry break strength 2.87cN/dtex, wet break strength 1.67cN/ Dtex, water free breaking elongation rate 25.4%, wet break elongation 29.8%, initial modulus 16.4Cn/tex, mass specific resistance lg(Ω.g/cm2) it is 11.9, regain 10.9%;The single fiber line density 2.5dtex of Topocool fibers, length 38.00mm, dry break strength 5.17cN/dtex, wet break strength 4.98cN/dtex, water free breaking elongation rate 24.9%, wet break elongation 26.9%, mass specific resistance lg (Ω .g/cm2) it is 8.1, regain 0.51%;Polyester filament 22~44dtex of fineness, 33.5~47.2cN/tex of fracture strength, elongation at break 19.9~27.6%, modulus 298.4~ 398.6cN/tex, oil content 1.00~1.18%, hygroscopicity 0.400~0.615%, the uniformity 6.3~9.2%;Anion glues Glue 33~44dtex of filament fineness, 1.95~2.52cN/dtex of dry break strength, 0.95~1.52cN/ of wet break strength Dtex, water free breaking elongation rate 19.6~24.6%, 58.4~78.7cN/tex of initial modulus.
Double thick mariages " preparation method of the comfortable skin-protection and health-care complex yarn of the antiultraviolet anti-virus sterilizing of the six directions one ", including Three steps below, it is further illustrated below as follows:
Raw material bag will remove packing iron wire in time after entering workshop, at least place 24 hours, make raw material bag and workshop warm and humid Degree obtains balance.In order to improve the spinnability of fiber, appropriate antistatic additive is not only sprayed on colored polyester fiber, to subtract Light electrostatic phenomenon, but also its oil content is strictly controlled, workshop moisture temperature wants suitable control, to improve yarn quality.
The first step, process the spinning portion technological process of long-staple cotton fiber, Outlast air-conditioning fiber blended rovings:In actual life During production, long-staple cotton fiber is using original clear comb technique, and Outlast air-conditioning fibers are then adopted new technology.
Outlast air-conditioning fibers:FA002D type blowings Disk Plucker × 2 → A006B types blending hopper automatic mixer → A036C Type comb needle type opener (attached A045 types condenser) → A092 types tandem feeder → FA141 types lapper × 2 → FA231A Type carding machine → strip (1)
Cotton fiber:FA002 type blowings Disk Plucker × 2 → A006B types blending hopper automatic mixer → A036B type porcupine formulas are opened Cotton machine (attached A045 types condenser) → A036C type comb needle types opener (attached A045 types condenser) → A092 type tandem feeders → FA141 types into cotton machine × 2 → FA201 types carding machine → FA302 types drawing frame (cotton pre-drawing machine) → FA331 types lap former → FA251 types combing machine → strip (2)
Mixing:Strip 1.+strip 2. → FA302 types drawing frame (three) → FA423A types fly frame → processing long-staple cotton is fine Dimension, Outlast air-conditioning fiber blended rovings A1.
Second step, process the spinning portion technological process of white bamboo-carbon fibre, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fiber blend rove:In reality In the production process of border, white bamboo-carbon fibre, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers are using new clear comb technique.
White bamboo-carbon fibre:FA002D type blowings Disk Plucker × 2 → A006B types blending hopper automatic mixer → A036C types comb Pin type opener (attached A045 types condenser) → A092 types tandem feeder → FA141 types are combed into cotton machine × 2 → FA231A types Cotton machine → strip (1)
Topocool fibers:FA002D type blowings Disk Plucker × 2 → A006B types blending hopper automatic mixer → A036C types Comb needle type opener (attached A045 types condenser) → A092 types tandem feeder → FA141 types are into cotton machine × 2 → FA231A types Carding machine → strip (2)
Mixed process:Strip 1.+strip 2. → FA302 types drawing frame (two) → FA423A types fly frame → white bamboo of processing Carbon fibe, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fiber blend rove B2.
Composite spinning principle and performance characteristics:" composite yarn of the six directions one " is by improved spinning frame to double thick mariages It is processed, it is the processing for passing through fly frame by four kinds of different textile raw materials, first provides two kinds of rove (rove A1+ rove B2), then parallel feeding spinning frame trumpet enters draw zone, after carrying out same drawing-off respectively, in process of production, prevents Ultraviolet polyester filament first passes through tensioner, then by godet roller, then preceding jaw is fed, by conventional spinning frame FA507 The two rove yarns and another antiultraviolet terylene for only passing through the compositions such as tensioner, yarn guide that type drafting system is formed Filament feeding device, and the long filament, without drafting system, meeting to merge in two rove fed by drafting system adds Twist with the fingers trigonum to be converged, two kinds of roving fibers yarn Shu Jinhang self twisting effects at the front roller of spinning frame, so as to shape Form covering yarn with antiultraviolet polyester filament after Cheng Yi twist triangle zone latter two roving fibers convergence, it be first with Skeleton yarn is made in rove A1, rove B2 and antiultraviolet polyester filament by Siro spinning systems;Then Sirofil skills are recycled Art makes anion multifunctional viscose filament yarn be wrapped in by twisting on the surface of skeleton yarn, is passed through finally exported to front roller again after Twizzle is crossed, double thick mariages " comfortable skin-protection and health-care composite yarns of the antiultraviolet anti-virus sterilizing of the six directions one " are formed by twisting.It The advantages of with strand and style, and two kinds of roving fibers are longitudinally distributed in the shape of a spiral along resultant yarn, resultant yarn filoplume quantity substantially drops It is low.
3rd step, process double thick mariages " spun yarns of the comfortable skin-protection and health-care composite yarn of the antiultraviolet anti-virus sterilizing of the six directions one " Technological process is as follows:
Spinning process and core technology are to utilize Siro spinning systems by rove A1, rove B2 and antiultraviolet polyester filament Skeleton yarn is made;Simultaneously using Sirofil technologies make anion multifunctional viscose filament yarn by twisting be wrapped in Skeletal yarn its On surface.
Resultant yarn process:Rove A1+ rove B2+ long filaments (1)+long filament (2) → FA507 types spinning frame → Italian Savio types Bobbin-winding machine → into bag
A kind of double thick mariages of spinning " during the composite yarn of the six directions one ", it is contemplated that product the characteristics of, technological parameter is made first Certain adjustment, according to Sirofil Spinning Principles, it is more to install a set of antiultraviolet polyester filament and anion additional on spinning frame The positive feeding unit of function viscose filament yarn, then using the technology of Sirofil Seluofle spinnings, two root long silks are made to feed respectively After preceding jaw, after finally converging at front roller nip with A1 rove, B2 rove yarns, by twizzle, wire loop and rings Deng spinning thick mariages " the composite S irofil yarns of the six directions one " in pairs.
On the basis of existing equipment, for double thick mariages " operability of the composite S irofil yarns of the six directions one ", it is right Ring throstle does following change:
(1) to the transformation of spinning frame creel, due in double thick mariages " the composite S irofil yarns of the six directions one " of spinning When, the quantity of rove is two times of original rove quantity, so tackling the creel rectification of traditional ring throstle, is arranged again Row creel, twice of creel is installed, complies with spinning requirement.
(2) remove the traversing gear of spinning frame, double horn mouth or double flute collector are installed in front and rear roller draft area, make two Root rove yarn is separately fed, and is smoothly fed and is fed, and is ensured that A1 rove and B2 rove can be smoothly through proparea drawing-off, is reduced Yarn deviation phenomenon occurs.
(3) Sirofil (Seluofle) composite spinning principle is a kind of Novel Spinning to grow up on the basis of SEILE textile Yarn method, by conventional spinning frame FA507 types drafting system formed A1 rove, B2 rove yarn and it is another two only through overtension The antiultraviolet polyester filament and anion multifunctional viscose filament yarn feeding unit of the compositions such as device, yarn guide, and long filament without Drafting system is crossed, converges in front roller nip twist triangle zone and just forms the double thick mariages " composite S of a six directions one " irofil spinning Yarn.
Sirofil spins stocking yarn because adding long filament, yarn strength and the obvious increase of elongation, and bar is dry to be improved, under end breakage rate Drop, filoplume are remarkably decreased.Sirofil Seluofles, which are spun, can shorten technological process, and because adding long filament, yarn strength and elongation are bright Aobvious increase, improves resultant yarn strand, reduces resultant yarn filoplume quantity, and end breakage rate declines, and Sirofil yarns do not only have traditional yarn Outside desirable physical mechanical performance, and smooth appearance, silk like fabric sense are strong.
(4) when FA507 types spinning frame spins, by technological transformation, on the basis of existing equipment, first to traditional ring Spindle spinning frame is transformed, and installs the positive feeding unit of a set of long filament simultaneously, a godet roller is installed above reel cage, for long filament Feeding.Long-staple cotton fiber, Outlast air-conditioning fiber blend fibres are processed into rove A1, white bamboo-carbon fibre, moisture absorption in the present invention Perspire Topocool fiber blends and be then processed into rove B2, antiultraviolet polyester filament and anion multifunctional viscose filament yarn point Not Wei Ru before jaw, after two root long silks is fed converge with B2 rove, A1 rove yarns after respective front roller nip respectively, most After be spun into a kind of double thick mariages " composite S irofil yarns of the six directions one ".
To obtain good yarn quality, according to the characteristics of fiber, reasonable selection technological parameter, semi-products are strictly controlled Quality, each workshop will keep stable and suitable humiture, spinning process is smoothed out.Reduction fiber is damaged simultaneously Wound, reduce cotton knot, improve bar evenness and reduce resultant yarn filoplume as tackling key problem emphasis, and close process to formulate it is strict and completeer Kind check on system and internal control index, prevents that the semi-products for not meeting quality requirement must not flow into lower process.
Described double thick mariages " preparation method of the anti-virus sterilizing composite yarn of the six directions one ", successively including opening and cleaning step, Carding step, mixing in doubling step, Roving Frames and spinning process, step are as follows:
(1) opening and cleaning step:Cotton cleaning process is using " short route, low velocity, middle gauge, lap guard is anti-sticking, and more combs are beaten less, more Receipts fall less, polyhybird, few rolling " technological principle, appropriate reduction FA002D Beater Speed, running efficiency reaches 90%, skips A036B porcupine openers, reduce a striking point;The appropriate Beater Speed for reducing FA141, to ensure that cotton layer is uniform Improve fan speed.Flower, rolling are returned to reduce, prevents coma, hopper reduced height to 1/3.Suitably reduce each hired roughneck Speed, gauge is moderate, makes coconut palm charcoal polyester fiber in cotton layer uniform as far as possible.It is strict to be performed by row's bag figure, and do a good job of it the reuse of lap waste Work.The synthesis hired roughneck of FA141 type lappers uses comb needle type beater arm, reduces the rolling repeatedly of the fast flock of cotton;Using mixing well certainly Engagement positions and photoelectric eye, row will separate when wrapping with other fibers, prevent foreign fiber to be mixed into.Griping cotton machine Beater Speed 600~670r/min, cotton blender machine 390~440r/min of Beater Speed, opener Beater Speed 420r/min, the equal cotton of cotton feeder Roller speed 330r/min, lapper single beater scutcher fan speed 1370r/min, the quantitative 390~410g/m of examination paper, volume Sub- weight unevenness 1.0%, positive volume rate 100%, the synthesis Beater Speed 805r/min of lapper, lap roller speed 12r/ min;
(2) carding step:" more recovery, small tension receiving coil, fast transfer, tip-tap are combed more, hinder fiber, low speed less for carding step selection Degree, in quantitative, more recovery, small tension receiving coil drawing-off " technological principle, the appropriate gauge increased between licker-in and feed plate, reduce licker-in, Cylinder and doffer speed, to reduce fibre damage;The gauge between cylinder and cover plate is increased, fiber is reduced and fills and rub repeatedly, Increase combs transfer, reduces the generation of cotton knot.The installation of mote knife is using high position, the technological principle of low-angle, due to fiber Between cohesive force it is small, suitably to increase the pressure between feed roll motor and large pressuring roller.19.6~23.6g/5m of weight of card sliver, cylinder speed 340r/min, licker-in speed 760r/min, 76~90mm/min of cover plate speed, feed plate~licker-in gauge 0.27mm, licker-in~ Cylinder gauge 0.18mm, cylinder~doffer gauge 0.15mm, cylinder-Flat Gauge 0.30,0.28,0.28,0.28,0.30mm, 1.147 times of tension draft multiple;
(3) mixing in doubling step:Mixing in doubling step uses evereven and two draftings, it is ensured that and drawn sliver regularity is uniform, and Rubber roll is resisted around processing.Mixing in doubling step takes the technological principle of " big gauge, small tension receiving coil, more and closing, pressurize again ", using suitable Draft process configures, and can improve the extended parallelization of fiber, fiber is evenly distributed, and mixes than correct.Appropriate reduction horn mouth is straight Footpath, make yarn closely bright and clean, so as to improve drawn sliver regularity level.Drawing frame speed suitably lowers, to reduce formation yarn nep quantity. Bar cylinder capacity is reduced simultaneously, prevents sliver and can coiler friction, influences half ripe bar and ripe bar quality.Three simultaneously in mixing in doubling step Bar roller gauge uses 12~15 × 19~23mm, and doubling cots pressurization uses 30 × 32 × 30kg, bell mouth diameter 3.4 ~3.8mm, 160~190m/min of sliver exporting speed, quantitative 16.24~18.96g/5m, number of doubling 6~8, back area draft 1.664 ~1.832 times;
(4) Roving Frames:In Roving Frames, tension in the roving control less than normal, to reduce unexpected elongation;Roving twist is suitably inclined Small control, avoids spun yarn drafting from not opening, and improves bar solid carbon dioxide and puts down, by " light weight, low velocity, big gauge, middle pressurization are small in production The technological principle of tension force ".3.42~4.38g/10m of regular roving feeding, 540~730r/min of ingot speed, front roller speed 151~ 169r/min, 26 × 35mm of roller gauge, 1.19~1.29 times of back zone drafting multiple, roving twist factor 68~82, over-end winding 2.175~3.375 circles of density/cm, the double ingots of 26 × 17 × 24kg/ of amount of pressurization, 3.0~5.5mm of nip gauge;
(5) spinning process:The rationally humiture in control workshop, it is ensured that stable and suitable, reinforcement operation is horizontal and saves from damage Level is supported, strict implement maneuver, the position between running check long filament and rove yarn, is adjusted according to produce reality situation Bell-mouthed position.Back zone drafting multiple grasp bigger than normal, regular roving feeding grasp suitably less than normal, with increase rove yarn and long filament it Between frictional force and cohesive force, reduce shifting of the fiber in stretch exercise away from deviation and misdraft, improve strength, improve bar It is dry.Ramie yarn twist suitable control, spun yarn structure can be made fluffy, be advantageous to improve the color fastness of composite yarn, make fabric that there is uniqueness Color;It is appropriate to reduce ingot speed, and be consistent, reduce different spindle speed, it is ensured that spinning frame drawing-off, twisting and winding parts State is normal, and yarn path is bright and clean, the harmful effect of minimizing electrostatic interference, the total quality of resultant yarn is favorably improved, in production Using the technological principle of " pressurization, big gauge, low velocity, middle nip gauge again ", to solve the double long filament feedings of double roving, drafting force It is excessive, easily there is the problem of not outputing hardhead of protracting.Using the special part of novel spinning, to reduce km tubercle quantity and improve into Yarn Evenness is extremely advantageous.Twist factor 332~390,12100~14520r/min of ingot speed, front roller 162~190r/min of speed, 2~12mm of spacing, thread-tension 6~16g of sheet weight, yarn roller gauge 18.5~20.5 × 29.5~34.5mm are antistatic 2.0~3.0mm of twizzle aperture.
Also include winding procedure after spinning process,
Winding procedure:Winder uses Italian Savio types, 700~1050r/min of speed;Splice air pressure 3.6bar, Yarn equilibrium air pressure 3.2bar, electronic yarn clearer parameter are:N=5.0, DS=2.5, LS=1.6cm, DL=1.26, LL=50cm ,-D =22%;- L=40cm.
Process the finishing process of knitted fabric:Grease-proof and waterproof finishing agent HS1100 is based on nano fluorine-contained high polymer material The water-refusing oil-refusing finishing agent of composition is wanted, suitable for the three-prevention finishing of natural fiber, chemical fibre, and blend fabric.After processing Fabric has excellent Water-proof and oil-proof, antifouling effect;Assign fabric abundant feel simultaneously, make fabric away from various harmful Bacterium and pollution.HS1100, which is typically used in, to be padded --- baking, feel and the color and luster of fabric are influenceed low;And to human body Safety, it is non-stimulated to skin, ventilative comfortable;Water-fastness and dry-cleaning.It is now widely used for rain gear, wind coat, field operations clothes, platform Cloth, canvas, tent and pack cloth etc..More authoritative testing agencies unanimously prove:Fabric water repellency after HS1100 is arranged can Reach more than 90 points;Oil repellent can reach 4 grades;Without aromatic amine residue;Without PFOS and APEO;PFOA content < 1ppm.
" three proofings " inorganic agent:Using HS1100 water-refusing oil-refusing finishing agents and the mixed solution of water oil, quantitative 45~75g/L.
" three proofings " handling process:Knitted fabric immerse 40~65min → padding → dry at → 90~115 DEG C drying bake → Shape 20~45min.
By the above method, " the antiultraviolet anti-virus sterilizing of the six directions one " relaxes obtained double thick mariages with health-care efficacy Suitable skin-protection and health-care composite yarn, the performance indications of the knitting single-side fabric of processing are as follows:112~194g/m of fabric drying weight2; 152~290N of bursting strength;Washing shrinkage ± 1.6~± 3.0,4~5 grades of color fastness to washing;Staphylococcus aureus bacteriostasis rate is big In 84%;Friedlander's bacillus bacteriostasis rate is more than 82%, and far infrared transmissivity is more than 85%, and ultraviolet ray transmissivity is less than 12%, uvioresistant UPF value are more than 30, and the fabric water repellency after arrangement can reach more than 90 points, and oil repellent can reach 4 grades, nothing PFOS and APEO, PFOA content < 1ppm.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Preparation method procedure arrangement of the present invention is reasonable, moderate cost, and it is raw to be adapted for batch Production, the yarn and knitted fabric combination property of preparation are good, and stable effect is lasting.Long-staple cotton fiber that the present invention uses, Outlast Air-conditioning fiber, white bamboo-carbon fibre, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers, antiultraviolet long filament, anion multifunctional viscose filament yarn are spun The double slightly mariages of the blending of system " fabric made from the comfortable skin-protection and health-care composite yarn of the antiultraviolet anti-virus sterilizing of the six directions one " and processing, The temperature of surrounding can intelligently be controlled, not only with antibacterial, antibacterial, skin care be healthy and strong, deodorization deodorization, skin care, skin-friendly The good, healthcare function such as comfortableness is good, and fabric moisture is good, and gas permeability is good, has good moisture regulatory function, comfortableness Good, soft warming, absorption property is good, can adsorb peculiar smell, and antibiotic property is good, and bactericidal properties are good, while also has far infrared transmitting work( The features such as energy and negative ion-releasing function, the product of processing lead the work(such as sweat quick-drying, nice and cool, antiultraviolet, capable of releasing negative ion Can, it is comfortable and easy to wear, without sultry sensation, it is adapted to the health textiles such as production high-grade fabric, decorating cloth and bedding
The yarn and fabric that are spun into for the above-mentioned several fibers of guarantee and long filament have the good characteristic of the above, it is necessary to have Standby above-mentioned condition;Otherwise premium properties comprehensive possessed by them cannot be given full play to, its scribbled and fabric are not only Just it is difficult to reach excellent hygroscopicity, moisture transported permeable, intelligent thermoregulating, antiultraviolet anti-virus sterilizing, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing, deodorization Feature of anti-aging etc., and be difficult to there is excellent Water-proof and oil-proof, antifouling effect and fabric away from various harmful thin Bacterium and the influence of pollution.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme is clearly and completely described, it is clear that institute The embodiment of description is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, The every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not paid, belongs to this hair The scope of bright protection.
Embodiment 1
With long-staple cotton fiber, Outlast air-conditioning fibers, white bamboo-carbon fibre, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers, antiultraviolet Polyester filament, anion multifunctional viscose filament yarn blending product double thick mariages " exemplified by the composite yarn of the six directions one ", wherein, use long wool The rove A1 of cotton fiber, Outlast air-conditioning fiber blending products, the weight content of the blended roving A1 Midlle-longstaple cotton fibers The weight content for accounting for 60%, Outlast air-conditioning fibers accounts for 40%;With white bamboo-carbon fibre, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fiber blends The weight content of white bamboo-carbon fibre accounts for 40% in the rove B2, the blended roving B2 of processing, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers Account for 60%;Then with B2 rove, A1 rove, in the double thick mariages of spun yarn machining, " composite yarn of the six directions one ", wherein B2 rove, A1 are thick The percentage of yarn blending weight is 50:50, key measures by spinning technological process provided by the invention and use and After spinning Technology, the 14.7tex+ (20D antiultraviolet polyester filament+20D anion multifunctionals viscose filament yarn) that is spinned Double thick mariages " composite yarns of the six directions one ", by testing its single thread fracture strength 15.9cN/tex, the single thread fracture strength coefficient of variation Cv values 9.8%, strip dry uniformity variant coefficient Cv values 17.7%, the yarn of processing not only have special form, processed with it Knitting single-side fabric tested, fabric drying weight 152g/m2;Bursting strength 182N;Washing shrinkage ± 1.6~± 3.0, 3~4 grades of color fastness to washing;Staphylococcus aureus bacteriostasis rate 86.1%;Friedlander's bacillus bacteriostasis rate 82.9%, far infrared Emissivity 85.9%, ultraviolet ray transmissivity 8.2%, uvioresistant UPF values 32.2, the fabric water repellency after arrangement can reach 93.0, oil repellent can reach 4 grades, no PFOS and APEO, PFOA content 0.87ppm.Fabric not only has antibacterial, antibacterial, shield The healthcare functions such as skin is healthy and strong, deodorization, deodorization, skin care, skin-friendly is good, comfortableness is good, and fabric has good hygroscopicity, relaxes Adaptive is good, soft warming, and absorption property is good, can adsorb peculiar smell, and antibiotic property is good, and bactericidal properties are good, intelligently the temperature around control, There is antiultraviolet, far infrared emission function and negative ion-releasing function simultaneously, lead sweat, quick-drying, feel nice and cool and comfortable Property etc. function, it is comfortable and easy to wear, without sultry sensation, be adapted to the health-care textiles such as production high-grade fabric, decorating cloth and bedding Product.
Embodiment 2
With long-staple cotton fiber, Outlast air-conditioning fibers, white bamboo-carbon fibre, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers, antiultraviolet Polyester filament, anion multifunctional viscose filament yarn blending product double thick mariages " exemplified by the composite yarn of the six directions one ", wherein, use long wool The rove A1 of cotton fiber, Outlast air-conditioning fiber blending products, the weight content of the blended roving A1 Midlle-longstaple cotton fibers The weight content for accounting for 50%, Outlast air-conditioning fibers accounts for 50%;With white bamboo-carbon fibre, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fiber blends The weight content of white bamboo-carbon fibre accounts for 50% in the rove B2, the blended roving B2 of processing, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers Account for 50%;Then with B2 rove, A1 rove, in the double thick mariages of spun yarn machining, " composite yarn of the six directions one ", wherein B2 rove, A1 are thick The percentage of yarn blending weight is 50:50, key measures by spinning technological process provided by the invention and use and After spinning Technology, the 18.5tex+ (30D antiultraviolet polyester filament+30D anion multifunctionals viscose filament yarn) that is spinned Double thick mariages " composite yarns of the six directions one ", by testing its single thread fracture strength 17.9cN/tex, the single thread fracture strength coefficient of variation Cv values 9.0%, strip dry uniformity variant coefficient Cv values 16.7%, the yarn of processing not only have special form, processed with it Knitting single-side fabric tested, fabric drying weight 164g/m2;Bursting strength 198N;Washing shrinkage ± 1.6~± 3.0, 3~4 grades of color fastness to washing;Staphylococcus aureus bacteriostasis rate 88.4%;Friedlander's bacillus bacteriostasis rate 84.2%, far infrared Emissivity 86.7%, ultraviolet ray transmissivity 7.9%, uvioresistant UPF values 33.7, the fabric water repellency after arrangement can reach 94.1, oil repellent can reach 4 grades, no PFOS and APEO, PFOA content 0.81ppm.
Embodiment 3
With long-staple cotton fiber, Outlast air-conditioning fibers, white bamboo-carbon fibre, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers, antiultraviolet Polyester filament, anion multifunctional viscose filament yarn blending product double thick mariages " exemplified by the composite yarn of the six directions one ", wherein, use long wool The rove A1 of cotton fiber, Outlast air-conditioning fiber blending products, the weight content of the blended roving A1 Midlle-longstaple cotton fibers account for The weight content of 40%, Outlast air-conditioning fiber accounts for 60%;Added with white bamboo-carbon fibre, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fiber blends The weight content of white bamboo-carbon fibre accounts for 60% in the rove B2, the blended roving B2 of work, and moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers account for 40%;Then with B2 rove, A1 rove in spun yarn machining double thick mariages " composite yarn of the six directions one ", wherein B2 rove, A1 rove The percentage of blending weight is 50:50, by the key measures and spinning of spinning technological process provided by the invention and use After yarn process technology, the 19.8tex+ (40D antiultraviolet polyester filament+40D anion multifunctionals viscose filament yarn) spinned is double Thick mariages " the composite yarn of the six directions one ", by testing its single thread fracture strength 18.9cN/tex, single thread fracture strength coefficient of variation Cv Value 10.0%, strip dry uniformity variant coefficient Cv values 15.8%, the yarn of processing not only have special form, processed with it Knitting single-side fabric tested, fabric drying weight 171g/m2;Bursting strength 212N;Washing shrinkage ± 1.5~± 3.0, it is resistance to Wash 3~4 grades of color fastness;Staphylococcus aureus bacteriostasis rate 90.3%;Friedlander's bacillus bacteriostasis rate 88.7%, far infrared hair Penetrate rate 89.1%, ultraviolet ray transmissivity 7.3%, uvioresistant UPF values 35.2, the fabric water repellency after arrangement can reach 95.0, Oil repellent can reach 4 grades, no PFOS and APEO, PFOA content 0.76ppm.
Embodiment 4
Long-staple cotton fiber, the rove A1 of Outlast air-conditioning fiber blending products, the blended roving are utilized in the present embodiment The weight content that the weight content of A1 Midlle-longstaple cotton fibers accounts for 15%, Outlast air-conditioning fibers accounts for 85%;With white bamboo-carbon fibre, The weight content of white bamboo-carbon fibre accounts in the rove B2, the blended roving B2 of the processing of moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fiber blends 15%, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers account for 85%;Skeletal yarn is made in rove A1, B2 and polyester filament, and anion rayon is grown Silk is wrapped in Skeletal yarn surface by twisting, and composite yarn is made.
Preparation method includes opening and cleaning step, carding step, mixing in doubling step, Roving Frames and spinning process, step successively It is as follows:
(1) opening and cleaning step:Griping cotton machine Beater Speed 600r/min, cotton blender machine Beater Speed 390r/min, opener are beaten Hand speed 420r/min, cotton feeder evener roller speed 330r/min, lapper single beater scutcher fan speed 1370r/ Min, the quantitative 390g/m of examination paper, examination paper weight unevenness 1.0%, positive volume rate 100%, the synthesis Beater Speed 805r/ of lapper Min, lap roller speed 12r/min;
(2) carding step:Weight of card sliver 19.6g/5m, cylinder speed 340r/min, licker-in speed 760r/min, cover plate speed Degree 76mm/min, feed plate~licker-in gauge 0.27mm, licker-in~cylinder gauge 0.18mm, cylinder~doffer gauge 0.15mm, Cylinder-Flat Gauge 0.30,0.28,0.28,0.28,0.30mm, 1.147 times of tension draft multiple;
(3) mixing in doubling step:Three drafting roller gauges use 12 × 19mm in mixing in doubling step, and doubling cots pressurization is adopted With 30 × 32 × 30kg, bell mouth diameter 3.4mm, sliver exporting speed 160m/min, quantitative 16.24g/5m, number of doubling 6, back zone 1.664 times of drawing-off;
(4) Roving Frames:Regular roving feeding 3.42g/10m, ingot speed 540r/min, front roller speed 151r/min, roller every Away from 26 × 35mm, 1.19 times of back zone drafting multiple, roving twist factor 68, axial winding density 2.175 encloses/cm, and amount of pressurization 26 × The double ingots of 17 × 24kg/, nip gauge 3.0mm;
(5) spinning process:Twist factor 332, ingot speed 12100r/min, front roller speed 162r/min, spacing 2mm, long filament Tension force sheet weight 6g, yarn roller gauge 18.5 × 29.5mm, antistatic guide dog hole footpath 2.0mm;
(6) winding procedure:Winder uses Italian Savio types, speed 700r/min;Splice air pressure 3.6bar, yarn Equilibrium air pressure 3.2bar, electronic yarn clearer parameter are:N=5.0, DS=2.5, LS=1.6cm, DL=1.26, LL=50cm ,-D= 22%;- L=40cm.
The mixed yarn performance indications of the composite yarn are:Single thread fracture strength 14.7cN/tex, the variation of single thread fracture strength Coefficient Cv values 8.0%, strip dry uniformity variant coefficient Cv values 14.9%.
Embodiment 5
Long-staple cotton fiber, the rove A1 of Outlast air-conditioning fiber blending products, the blended roving are utilized in the present embodiment The weight content that the weight content of A1 Midlle-longstaple cotton fibers accounts for 40%, Outlast air-conditioning fibers accounts for 60%;With white bamboo-carbon fibre, The weight content of white bamboo-carbon fibre accounts in the rove B2, the blended roving B2 of the processing of moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fiber blends 75%, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers account for 25%;Skeletal yarn is made in rove A1, B2 and polyester filament, and anion rayon is grown Silk is wrapped in Skeletal yarn surface by twisting, and composite yarn is made.
Preparation method includes opening and cleaning step, carding step, mixing in doubling step, Roving Frames and spinning process, step successively It is as follows:
(1) opening and cleaning step:Griping cotton machine Beater Speed 640r/min, cotton blender machine Beater Speed 410r/min, opener are beaten Hand speed 420r/min, cotton feeder evener roller speed 330r/min, lapper single beater scutcher fan speed 1370r/ Min, the quantitative 400g/m of examination paper, examination paper weight unevenness 1.0%, positive volume rate 100%, the synthesis Beater Speed 805r/ of lapper Min, lap roller speed 12r/min;
(2) carding step:Weight of card sliver 21.5g/5m, cylinder speed 340r/min, licker-in speed 760r/min, cover plate speed Degree 85mm/min, feed plate~licker-in gauge 0.27mm, licker-in~cylinder gauge 0.18mm, cylinder~doffer gauge 0.15mm, Cylinder-Flat Gauge 0.30,0.28,0.28,0.28,0.30mm, 1.147 times of tension draft multiple;
(3) mixing in doubling step:Three drafting roller gauges use 14 × 21mm in mixing in doubling step, and doubling cots pressurization is adopted With 30 × 32 × 30kg, bell mouth diameter 3.6mm, sliver exporting speed 180m/min, quantitative 17.56g/5m, number of doubling 7, back zone 1.735 times of drawing-off;
(4) Roving Frames:Regular roving feeding 3.95g/10m, ingot speed 650r/min, front roller speed 160r/min, roller every Away from 26 × 35mm, 1.25 times of back zone drafting multiple, roving twist factor 75, axial winding density 3.055 encloses/cm, and amount of pressurization 26 × The double ingots of 17 × 24kg/, nip gauge 4mm;
(5) spinning process:Twist factor 370, ingot speed 13000r/min, front roller speed 180r/min, spacing 8mm, long filament Tension force sheet weight 12g, yarn roller gauge 19.5 × 31.5mm, antistatic guide dog hole footpath 2.5mm;
(6) winding procedure:Winder uses Italian Savio types, speed 950r/min;Splice air pressure 3.6bar, yarn Equilibrium air pressure 3.2bar, electronic yarn clearer parameter are:N=5.0, DS=2.5, LS=1.6cm, DL=1.26, LL=50cm ,-D= 22%;- L=40cm.
The mixed yarn performance indications of the composite yarn are:Single thread fracture strength 20.5cN/tex, the variation of single thread fracture strength Coefficient Cv values 12.5%, strip dry uniformity variant coefficient Cv values 21.5%.
Embodiment 6
Long-staple cotton fiber, the rove A1 of Outlast air-conditioning fiber blending products, the blended roving are utilized in the present embodiment The weight content that the weight content of A1 Midlle-longstaple cotton fibers accounts for 85%, Outlast air-conditioning fibers accounts for 15%;With white bamboo-carbon fibre, The weight content of white bamboo-carbon fibre accounts in the rove B2, the blended roving B2 of the processing of moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fiber blends 40%, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing Topocool fibers account for 60%;Skeletal yarn is made in rove A1, B2 and polyester filament, and anion rayon is grown Silk is wrapped in Skeletal yarn surface by twisting, and composite yarn is made.
Preparation method includes opening and cleaning step, carding step, mixing in doubling step, Roving Frames and spinning process, step successively It is as follows:
(1) opening and cleaning step:Griping cotton machine Beater Speed 670r/min, cotton blender machine Beater Speed 440r/min, opener are beaten Hand speed 420r/min, cotton feeder evener roller speed 330r/min, lapper single beater scutcher fan speed 1370r/ Min, the quantitative 410g/m of examination paper, examination paper weight unevenness 1.0%, positive volume rate 100%, the synthesis Beater Speed 805r/ of lapper Min, lap roller speed 12r/min;
(2) carding step:Weight of card sliver 23.6g/5m, cylinder speed 340r/min, licker-in speed 760r/min, cover plate speed Degree 90mm/min, feed plate~licker-in gauge 0.27mm, licker-in~cylinder gauge 0.18mm, cylinder~doffer gauge 0.15mm, Cylinder-Flat Gauge 0.30,0.28,0.28,0.28,0.30mm, 1.147 times of tension draft multiple;
(3) mixing in doubling step:Three drafting roller gauges use 15 × 23mm in mixing in doubling step, and doubling cots pressurization is adopted With 30 × 32 × 30kg, bell mouth diameter 3.8mm, sliver exporting speed 190m/min, quantitative 18.96g/5m, number of doubling 8, back zone 1.832 times of drawing-off;
(4) Roving Frames:Regular roving feeding 4.38g/10m, ingot speed 730r/min, front roller speed 169r/min, roller every Away from 26 × 35mm, 1.29 times of back zone drafting multiple, roving twist factor 82, axial winding density 3.375 encloses/cm, and amount of pressurization 26 × The double ingots of 17 × 24kg/, nip gauge 5.5mm;
(5) spinning process:Twist factor 390, ingot speed 14520r/min, front roller speed 190r/min, spacing 12mm are long Thread tension sheet weight 16g, yarn roller gauge 20.5 × 34.5mm, antistatic guide dog hole footpath 3.0mm;
(6) winding procedure:Winder uses Italian Savio types, speed 1050r/min;Splice air pressure 3.6bar, yarn Line balance air pressure 3.2bar, electronic yarn clearer parameter are:N=5.0, DS=2.5, LS=1.6cm, DL=1.26, LL=50cm ,-D= 22%;- L=40cm.
The mixed yarn performance indications of the composite yarn are:Single thread fracture strength 25.9cN/tex, the variation of single thread fracture strength Coefficient Cv values 19.7%, strip dry uniformity variant coefficient Cv values 27.4%.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention God any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., should be included in the scope of the protection with principle.

Claims (6)

1. the double slightly mariages of one kind " the anti-virus sterilizing composite yarn of the six directions one ", it is characterised in that:Bone is made in rove and polyester filament Frame yarn, anion rayon long filament are wrapped in Skeletal yarn surface by twisting, composite yarn are made;Wherein rove includes rove A1 and thick Yarn B2, rove A1 are long-staple cotton fiber and Outlast air-conditioning fibers, and rove B2 is white bamboo-carbon fibre and Topocool fibers.
2. double thick mariages " anti-virus sterilizing composite yarns of the six directions one ", it is characterised in that the rove according to claim 1 The percentage by weight of each material is in A1:The weight that the weight content of long-staple cotton fiber accounts for 15 ~ 85%, Outlast air-conditioning fibers contains Amount accounts for 15 ~ 85%;The percentage by weight of each material is in rove B2:The weight content of white bamboo-carbon fibre accounts for 15 ~ 75%, Topocool Fiber 25 ~ 85%.
3. double thick mariages " anti-virus sterilizing composite yarns of the six directions one ", it is characterised in that described multiple according to claim 1 Close yarn mixed yarn performance indications be:Single thread 14.7 ~ 25.9cN/tex of fracture strength, single thread fracture strength coefficient of variation Cv values 8.0 ~ 19.7%, strip dry uniformity variant coefficient Cv value 14.9 ~ 27.4%.
4. double thick mariages according to claim 1 " the anti-virus sterilizing composite yarn of the six directions one ", it is characterised in that:The length Single fiber line density 2.5 dtex, length 38.00mm of suede cotton fiber;The single fiber line density 2.5 of Outlast air-conditioning fibers Dtex, length 38.00mm;Single fiber line density 2.5 dtex, length 38.00mm of white bamboo-carbon fibre;Topocool fibers Single fiber line density 2.5 dtex, length 38.00mm;Polyester filament 22 ~ 44dtex of fineness, 33.5 ~ 47.2cN/ of fracture strength Tex, elongation at break 19.9 ~ 27.6%;Anion rayon 33 ~ 44dtex of filament fineness, dry break strength 1.95 ~ 2.52cN/dtex, the cN/dtex of wet break strength 0.95 ~ 1.52, water free breaking elongation rate 19.6 ~ 24.6%.
5. described in claim any one of 1-4 double thick mariages " preparation method of the anti-virus sterilizing composite yarn of the six directions one ", successively Including opening and cleaning step, carding step, mixing in doubling step, Roving Frames and spinning process, it is characterised in that step is as follows:
(1)Opening and cleaning step:Griping cotton machine 600 ~ 670r/min of Beater Speed, cotton blender machine 390 ~ 440r/min of Beater Speed, opener Machine Beater Speed 420r/min, the r/min of cotton feeder evener roller speed 330, lapper single beater scutcher fan speed 1370r/min, the quantitative 390 ~ 410g/m of examination paper, examination paper weight unevenness 1.0%, positive volume rate 100%, the synthesis hired roughneck speed of lapper Spend 805r/min, lap roller speed 12r/min;
(2)Carding step:19.6 ~ 23.6g/5m of weight of card sliver, cylinder speed 340r/min, licker-in speed 760r/min, cover plate 76 ~ 90mm/min of speed, feed plate~licker-in gauge 0.27mm, licker-in~cylinder gauge 0.18mm, cylinder~doffer's gauge 0.15mm, cylinder-Flat Gauge 0.30,0.28,0.28,0.28,0.30mm, 1.147 times of tension draft multiple;
(3)Mixing in doubling step:Three drafting roller gauges use 12 ~ 15 × 19 ~ 23mm in mixing in doubling step, and doubling cots pressurization is Using 30 × 32 × 30kg, bell mouth diameter is 3.4 ~ 3.8mm, sliver exporting speed 160 ~ 190m ∕ min, quantifies 16.24 ~ 18.96g ∕ 5m, number of doubling 6 ~ 8,1.664 ~ 1.832 times of back area draft;
(4)Roving Frames:3.42 ~ 4.38g/10m of regular roving feeding, 540 ~ 730r/min of ingot speed, 151 ~ 169r/ of front roller speed Min, 26 × 35mm of roller gauge, 1.19 ~ 1.29 times of back zone drafting multiple, roving twist factor 68 ~ 82, axial winding density 2.175 ~ 3.375 circles/cm, the double ingots of 26 × 17 × 24kg of amount of pressurization ∕, 3.0 ~ 5.5mm of nip gauge;
(5)Spinning process:Twist factor 332 ~ 390,12100 ~ 14520r/min of ingot speed, front roller 162 ~ 190r/min of speed, Away from 2 ~ 12mm, the g of thread-tension sheet weight 6 ~ 16,18.5 ~ 20.5 × 29.5 ~ 34.5mm of yarn roller gauge, antistatic twizzle 2.0 ~ 3.0mm of aperture.
6. described double thick mariages according to claim 5 " preparation method of the anti-virus sterilizing composite yarn of the six directions one ", its It is characterised by:Also include winding procedure after spinning process,
Winding procedure:Winder uses Italian Savio types, the r/min of speed 700 ~ 1050;Splice air pressure 3.6bar, and yarn is put down Weigh air pressure 3.2bar, and electronic yarn clearer parameter is:N=5.0, DS=2.5, LS=1.6cm, DL=1.26, LL=50cm ,-D=22%;-L= 40cm。
CN201710831176.5A 2017-09-15 2017-09-15 A kind of double thick mariages " anti-virus sterilizing composite yarns of the six directions one " and preparation method thereof Pending CN107587221A (en)

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Application publication date: 20180116