CN107420123B - A kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure - Google Patents

A kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107420123B
CN107420123B CN201710386480.3A CN201710386480A CN107420123B CN 107420123 B CN107420123 B CN 107420123B CN 201710386480 A CN201710386480 A CN 201710386480A CN 107420123 B CN107420123 B CN 107420123B
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China
Prior art keywords
ventilation shaft
exhaust
open
smoke sensor
close type
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CN201710386480.3A
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CN107420123A (en
Inventor
陈仁山
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Shandong Jiaotong University
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Shandong Jiaotong University
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Publication of CN107420123A publication Critical patent/CN107420123A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F1/00Ventilation of mines or tunnels; Distribution of ventilating currents
    • E21F1/003Ventilation of traffic tunnels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F1/00Ventilation of mines or tunnels; Distribution of ventilating currents
    • E21F1/04Air ducts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F1/00Ventilation of mines or tunnels; Distribution of ventilating currents
    • E21F1/08Ventilation arrangements in connection with air ducts, e.g. arrangements for mounting ventilators
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F1/00Ventilation of mines or tunnels; Distribution of ventilating currents
    • E21F1/10Air doors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F17/00Methods or devices for use in mines or tunnels, not covered elsewhere
    • E21F17/18Special adaptations of signalling or alarm devices

Abstract

The invention belongs to rail traffic ventilation technical field of fire control, and in particular to a kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure.The open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure, including platform area, track regions, ventilation shaft and exhaust fan, the corresponding roof in the platform area is equipped with ventilation shaft, the track regions that platform area two sides are respectively corresponded on ventilation shaft are equipped with multiple exhaust fans, exhaust fan is connected to ventilation shaft, it is located at the exhaust fan of the track regions of platform area two sides on ventilation shaft in correspondence with each other, the exhaust fan is equipped with the first smoke sensor device, is located between two adjacent exhaust fans of the same side on the ventilation shaft and is equipped with first circulation air outlet.The beneficial effect is that: rationally, the signal that exhaust fan is detected by the first smoke sensor device is controlled by the first reception controller for design, can be realized the function of smoke evacuation, circulating purification air.

Description

A kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure
Technical field
The invention belongs to rail traffic ventilation technical field of fire control, and in particular to a kind of open and close type system station subway platform Fume exhaust layout structure.
Background technique
When Underground Rail Transit station uses open and close type system, the ventilation that ventilation (air-conditioning) system undertakes station simultaneously is (empty Adjust) and smoke evacuation, a kind of processing method be to select corresponding air draft (cigarette) blower, pass through the air draft being located at the top of platform rail area The smoke evacuation of (cigarette) pipe, the basal area of such air draft (cigarette) pipe is very big, needs the extended height of the entire platform in station, is located at the contact of rail area Air draft (cigarette) pipe in online portion is difficult in maintenance, and air hose aging brings security risk after the several years.
The subway station for generalling use closed system or the operation of open system open and close type, waits area top stairs port in platform Two sides be equipped with two air supply tubes, platform rail area top be equipped with backwind tube, when normal formed platform wait the balanced ventilation of area top, The Air Distribution of the uniform air draft in rail area top, platform exhaust blower is uniformly discharged fume by rail area top air hose when fire.
Summary of the invention
In order to compensate for the shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of smoke evacuations of open and close type system station subway platform to arrange Structure.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure, including platform area, track regions, ventilation shaft and pumping Blower, the corresponding roof in the platform area are equipped with ventilation shaft, the track regions of platform area two sides are respectively corresponded on ventilation shaft Equipped with multiple exhaust fans, exhaust fan is connected to ventilation shaft, and the exhaust fan of the track regions of platform area two sides is located on ventilation shaft In correspondence with each other, the exhaust fan is equipped with the first smoke sensor device, and two adjacent pumpings of the same side are located on the ventilation shaft First circulation air outlet is equipped between blower, in the ventilation shaft between first circulation air outlet and two exhaust fans in correspondence with each other Equipped with smoke purifier and the second smoke sensor device, the side on the ventilation shaft positioned at each exhaust fan is respectively equipped with first and connects Admission controller, first receives the signal that controller receives the first smoke sensor device and the second smoke sensor device, and the institute of control respectively is right The exhaust fan and smoke purifier answered work.
Further, the ventilation shaft extends to one end in transferring passage equipped with smog collection port, at smog collection port Equipped with exhausting induced-draft fan, exhausting induced-draft fan is connected to ventilation shaft, and ventilation shaft is net equipped with smog with smog collection port connectivity part Change device, the ventilation shaft for extending to transferring passage one end is equipped with second and receives controller, and smog collection port is equipped with third cigarette Mist sensor, second receives the signal control exhausting induced-draft fan of controller reception third smoke sensor device and ventilation shaft and smog The smoke purifier of collection port connectivity part works.
Further, the first reception controller and the second reception controller are all made of PLC controller.
Further, exhaust blower and shutter are equipped at the first circulation air outlet.
Further, exhaust blower and shutter are equipped at the second circulation air outlet.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: a kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure design of the present invention is closed It manages, multiple air circulation purifying areas is divided by exhaust fan, smoke purifier and first circulation air outlet on ventilation shaft, realize Fume cleaning circulation, no circulation dead angle, smoke purifier are received by first according to the signal that the second smoke sensor device detects and are controlled Device processed is controlled, and the signal that exhaust fan is detected by the first smoke sensor device is controlled by the first reception controller, energy Enough functions of realizing smoke evacuation, circulating purification air.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further described below with reference to the drawings.
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
In figure, 1 platform area, 2 track regions, 3 ventilation shafts, 4 exhaust fans, 5 first smoke sensor devices, 6 first receive control Device, 7 smoke purifiers, 8 second smoke sensor devices, 9 first circulation air outlets, 10 smog collection ports, 11 exhausting induced-draft fans, 12 Three smoke sensor devices, 13 second receive controller, 14 second circulation air outlets.
Specific embodiment
Attached drawing 1 is a kind of specific embodiment of the invention.A kind of open and close type system station subway platform smoke evacuation cloth of the invention Structure, including platform area 1, track regions 2, ventilation shaft 3 and exhaust fan 4 are set, the corresponding roof in the platform area 1 is equipped with ventilation Pipeline 3, the track regions 2 that 1 two sides of platform area are respectively corresponded on ventilation shaft 3 are equipped with multiple exhaust fans 4, exhaust fan 4 and ventilation duct Road 3 is connected to, and the exhaust fan 4 that the track regions 2 of 1 two sides of platform area are located on ventilation shaft 3 in correspondence with each other, is set on the exhaust fan 4 There is the first smoke sensor device 5, is located between two adjacent exhaust fans 4 of the same side on the ventilation shaft 3 and is equipped with first circulation Smoke purifier 7 is equipped in ventilation shaft 3 between air outlet 9, first circulation air outlet 9 and two exhaust fans 4 in correspondence with each other With the second smoke sensor device 8, the side that each exhaust fan 4 is located on the ventilation shaft 3 is respectively equipped with the first reception controller 6, First receives the signal that controller 6 receives the first smoke sensor device 5 and the second smoke sensor device 8, controls corresponding pumping respectively Blower 4 and smoke purifier 7 work.
Further, the ventilation shaft 3 extends to one end in transferring passage equipped with smog collection port 10, smog collection port Exhausting induced-draft fan 11 is equipped at 10, exhausting induced-draft fan 11 is connected to ventilation shaft 3, and ventilation shaft 3 is connected to smog collection port 10 Place is equipped with smoke purifier 7, and the ventilation shaft 3 for extending to transferring passage one end is equipped with second and receives controller 13, and smog is received Collect mouth 10 and be equipped with third smoke sensor device 12, the second signal for receiving the reception third smoke sensor device 12 of controller 13, which controls, to be taken out Wind induced-draft fan 11 and ventilation shaft 3 and the smoke purifier 7 of 10 connectivity part of smog collection port work.
Further, the first reception controller 6 and the second reception controller 13 are all made of PLC controller.
Further, exhaust blower and shutter are equipped at the first circulation air outlet 9.
Further, exhaust blower and shutter are equipped at the second circulation air outlet 14.
The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, anyone should learn make under the inspiration of the present invention with the present invention With same or similar technical solution, fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.
Technology not described in detail in the present invention, shape, construction portion are well-known technique.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure, including platform area, track regions, ventilation shaft and exhausting Machine, which is characterized in that the corresponding roof in the platform area is equipped with ventilation shaft, respectively corresponds platform area two sides on ventilation shaft Track regions be equipped with multiple exhaust fans, exhaust fan is connected to ventilation shaft, positioned at the track regions of platform area two sides on ventilation shaft Exhaust fan in correspondence with each other, the exhaust fan is equipped with the first smoke sensor device, and it is adjacent that the same side is located on the ventilation shaft Two exhaust fans between be equipped with first circulation air outlet, it is logical between first circulation air outlet and two exhaust fans in correspondence with each other Smoke purifier and the second smoke sensor device are equipped in air piping, the side that each exhaust fan is located on the ventilation shaft is set respectively There is the first reception controller, first receives the signal that controller receives the first smoke sensor device and the second smoke sensor device, respectively The corresponding exhaust fan of control and smoke purifier work.
2. a kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Ventilation shaft extends to one end in transferring passage and is equipped with smog collection port, is equipped with exhausting induced-draft fan, exhausting at smog collection port Induced-draft fan is connected to ventilation shaft, and ventilation shaft and smog collection port connectivity part are equipped with smoke purifier, extends to transferring passage The ventilation shaft of one end is equipped with second and receives controller, and smog collection port is equipped with third smoke sensor device, and second receives control Device processed receives the smog of signal control the exhausting induced-draft fan and ventilation shaft and smog collection port connectivity part of third smoke sensor device Clarifier works.
3. a kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described First reception controller and the second reception controller are all made of PLC controller.
4. a kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Exhaust blower and shutter are equipped at first circulation air outlet.
CN201710386480.3A 2017-05-26 2017-05-26 A kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure Active CN107420123B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710386480.3A CN107420123B (en) 2017-05-26 2017-05-26 A kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710386480.3A CN107420123B (en) 2017-05-26 2017-05-26 A kind of open and close type system station subway platform fume exhaust layout structure

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CN107420123B true CN107420123B (en) 2019-03-29

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110118099B (en) * 2019-06-03 2020-04-07 中国安全生产科学研究院 Fire ventilation and smoke exhaust method for subway transfer station platform
CN110500297B (en) * 2019-09-06 2020-06-12 浙江荣文风机有限公司 Efficient and energy-saving axial flow fan
CN111271110B (en) * 2020-04-17 2020-12-18 福州大学 Active air supply and exhaust system with energy-saving and environment-friendly functions and subway controllable airflow technology

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101235723A (en) * 2008-02-02 2008-08-06 西南交通大学 Express highway section multi- tunnel gathering type intelligent aeration control method
CN102519110A (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-06-27 上海市隧道工程轨道交通设计研究院 Subway platform ventilation and smoke removal distribution structure in station with opened-closed system
CN102513323A (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-06-27 上海市隧道工程轨道交通设计研究院 Fume exhaust layout structure for subway platform and screen door system
CN203097921U (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-07-31 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 System integrating function of heat dissipation of shielded-gate-type subway station tunnels with function of smoke exhaust of platform public area
CN106121729A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-16 成都四为电子信息股份有限公司 Intelligent aeration monitoring system based on tunnel environment

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101235723A (en) * 2008-02-02 2008-08-06 西南交通大学 Express highway section multi- tunnel gathering type intelligent aeration control method
CN102519110A (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-06-27 上海市隧道工程轨道交通设计研究院 Subway platform ventilation and smoke removal distribution structure in station with opened-closed system
CN102513323A (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-06-27 上海市隧道工程轨道交通设计研究院 Fume exhaust layout structure for subway platform and screen door system
CN203097921U (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-07-31 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 System integrating function of heat dissipation of shielded-gate-type subway station tunnels with function of smoke exhaust of platform public area
CN106121729A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-16 成都四为电子信息股份有限公司 Intelligent aeration monitoring system based on tunnel environment

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