CN107416517B - A kind of overturning easing gear - Google Patents

A kind of overturning easing gear Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107416517B
CN107416517B CN201710622865.5A CN201710622865A CN107416517B CN 107416517 B CN107416517 B CN 107416517B CN 201710622865 A CN201710622865 A CN 201710622865A CN 107416517 B CN107416517 B CN 107416517B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crossbeam
overturning
main body
pull rod
tooth
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Active
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CN201710622865.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107416517A (en
Inventor
晁虎
纪华伟
屠正欣
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Hangzhou Electronic Science and Technology University
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Hangzhou Electronic Science and Technology University
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Priority to CN201710622865.5A priority Critical patent/CN107416517B/en
Publication of CN107416517A publication Critical patent/CN107416517A/en
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Publication of CN107416517B publication Critical patent/CN107416517B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/902Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials provided with drive systems incorporating rotary and rectilinear movements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0235Containers
    • B65G2201/0238Bags
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0235Containers
    • B65G2201/0258Trays, totes or bins

Abstract

A kind of overturning easing gear, including positioning occlusion mechanism, overturn mechanism, gantry mechanism, walking mechanism, the positioning occlusion mechanism includes biting hook, support frame, visits tooth, longitudinal movement crossbeam and fixed pivot crossbeam, the biting hook can be rotated relative to support frame as described above, the longitudinal movement crossbeam is connect with support frame as described above, the fixed pivot crossbeam passes through the spy tooth, and support frame as described above can surround the fixed pivot crossbeam-rotating;The overturning mechanism includes pull rod, power mechanism, driving motor, the pull rod can be slided or be rotated on the power mechanism, the pull rod, the power mechanism are connect with the fixed pivot crossbeam, the longitudinal movement crossbeam respectively, and the driving motor drives the pull rod to move along the power mechanism;The overturning mechanism, the gantry mechanism are mounted in the walking mechanism.

Description

A kind of overturning easing gear
Technical field
The invention belongs to freight-handling equipment fields, and in particular to a kind of overturning easing gear.
Background technique
In current logistic industry, unloading is essential, and continuously emerges and be repeated, and unloading becomes The key factor for determining logistics speed, for some close cargos of arrangement, such as packed sandstone, bagged grain, square box Deng the general easing gears such as the fork truck for needing operating space big cannot being used to be unloaded due to the gap very little between cargo Goods, so, manpower is still relied at present carries out jumping cargo, for unloading personnel, workload, labor intensity are very big, but It is that working efficiency is not high, cost of labor is very high, it is most important that, very big security risk can be also brought to unloading personnel, restricted Going on smoothly for logistics activity, have an effect on the integration capability and efficiency of logistics activity.
Summary of the invention
The big disadvantage of low close cargo rate of discharging, high labor cost, security risk is arranged to overcome, the present invention provides A kind of rate of discharging is high, liberation manpower, reduces the dangerous overturning easing gear of unloading.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is that:
A kind of overturning easing gear includes positioning occlusion mechanism, overturns mechanism, gantry mechanism, walking mechanism, the positioning Occlusion mechanism include biting hook, support frame, visit tooth, longitudinal movement crossbeam and fixed pivot crossbeam, the biting hook can be with respect to institute Support frame rotation is stated, the longitudinal movement crossbeam is connect with support frame as described above, and the fixed pivot crossbeam passes through the spy tooth, institute The fixed pivot crossbeam-rotating can be surrounded by stating support frame;The overturning mechanism includes pull rod, power mechanism, driving motor, institute Stating pull rod can slide or rotate on the power mechanism, and the pull rod, the power mechanism are horizontal with the fixed pivot respectively Beam, longitudinal movement crossbeam connection, the driving motor drive the pull rod to move along the power mechanism;The overturning Mechanism, the gantry mechanism are mounted in the walking mechanism.
Preferably, the biting hook is rotatably mounted in the shaft on fixed block, and the fixed block is fixedly installed in institute State support frame.
Preferably, the biting hook includes briar tooth main body, main body sleeve, and the main body sleeve entangles the briar tooth main body A part.
Preferably, the spy tooth is fixedly installed on support frame as described above, including trapezoidal pointed tooth, spy tooth main body, described trapezoidal Pointed tooth, the spy tooth main body are an integral structure, and the tooth main body of visiting is equipped with the hole passed through for fixed pivot crossbeam.
Preferably, the cross section of support frame as described above is in I-shaped.
Preferably, the pull rod includes drawhead, pull rod main body, slide head, and the drawhead is installed on longitudinal shifting Dynamic crossbeam, one end of the pull rod main body are installed on the drawhead, and the other end of the pull rod main body is rotatably installed on The slide head, the slide head can slide on the power mechanism.
Preferably, the overturning mechanism further includes lifting device, and the lifting device is set to the lower section of the power mechanism.
Preferably, the gantry mechanism includes suspension hook, moves horizontally crossbeam, sets a roof beam in place, upright bar, and the suspension hook is slideably pacified Move horizontally crossbeam loaded on described, it is described move horizontally crossbeam be fixedly installed in it is described set a roof beam in place, described set a roof beam in place is fixedly installed in institute State upright bar.
Preferably, the suspension hook includes coupler body, sleeve, straight coupling, and a part of the coupler body covers in the sleeve, The straight coupling is located at one end of the sleeve, and the crossbeam that moves horizontally is across the straight coupling.
Preferably, the walking mechanism includes bottom plate, idler wheel, and the idler wheel is set to the lower section of the bottom plate.
The present invention utilizes driving motor, and positioning occlusion mechanism is made to be positioned, be grabbed to the close cargo of arrangement, then, It overturns mechanism to overturn the cargo of positioning engaging device and its crawl using using lever principle, is caught and turned over by gantry mechanism Cargo after turning, walking mechanism can be transferred to cargo specified place and height,
It can effectively unload to arranging compact cargo, become unloading automatically from jumping cargo, can bring and unload Goods is high-efficient, liberation manpower, reduces the dangerous beneficial effect of unloading, moreover, it is also possible to improve whole logistics activity quality and Speed.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overall structure axial direction schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the axial schematic diagram of the positioning occlusion mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the right view of the positioning occlusion mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the top perspective view of the briar tooth of the positioning occlusion mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional view of the A-A hatching along Fig. 4.
The top view of the spy tooth of the positioning occlusion mechanism of Fig. 6 embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional view of the B-B hatching along Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the axial view of the overturning mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the axial view of the gantry mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the main view of the suspension hook of the gantry mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the cross-sectional view of the C-C hatching along Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the axial view of the walking mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the side view of the walking mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention.
In Fig. 1-Figure 13: positioning occlusion mechanism 1, biting hook 11, briar tooth main body 111, main body sleeve 112, shaft hole 113, Support frame 12, visit tooth 13, trapezoidal pointed tooth 131, visit tooth main body 132, visit the I-shaped through-hole 133 of tooth, fixed pivot crossbeam hole 134, Vertically move crossbeam 14, fixed pivot crossbeam 15, fixed block 16, shaft 161, longitudinal movement crossbeam through-hole 162, fixed block I-shaped Type through-hole 163 overturns mechanism 2, pull rod 21, drawhead 211, pull rod main body 212, slide head 213, fixed device 22, mounting hole 221, power mechanism 23, vertical component effect 231, horizontal part 232, rake 233, guide rail 234, elevating mechanism 24, pedestal 25, driving electricity Machine 26, gantry mechanism 3, suspension hook 31, coupler body 311, sleeve 1, sleeve 2 313, straight coupling 314, move horizontally crossbeam 32, It sets a roof beam in place 33, upright bar 34, support leg 35, three-way connection 36, walking mechanism 4, U-shaped bottom plate 41, idler wheel 42.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1-Figure 13, one of the present embodiment overturns easing gear, including positioning occlusion mechanism 1, overturning machine Structure 2, gantry mechanism 3, walking mechanism 4, the positioning occlusion mechanism 1 is for substantially holding up cargo, being engaged, position, institute It states overturning mechanism 2 to be used to overturn the positioning occlusion mechanism 1 and its cargo lifted up to horizontal position, described gantry Cargo for being transferred to other position by mechanism 3, and the walking mechanism 4 is for moving and fixing single unit system.
The positioning occlusion mechanism 1 includes 13, one, two spy of support frame 12, two of biting hook 11, two teeth longitudinal shiftings Dynamic 14, fixed pivot crossbeams 15 of crossbeam, the biting hook 11 include briar tooth main body 111, main body sleeve 112, the main body Sleeve 112 entangles a part of the briar tooth main body 111, can be adjusted according to the needs the briar tooth main body 111 and is exposed at the master The length of the outside of body sleeve 112, the main body sleeve 112 of two biting hooks 11 are equipped with shaft hole 113, on two fixed blocks 16 Shaft 161 be mounted in the shaft hole 113, the fixed block 16 is installed on the upper end of support frame as described above 12, the occlusion Hook 11 can be rotated in a vertical plane by the shaft 161;The cross section of support frame as described above 12 is in I-shaped;Described in two It visits tooth 13 and is respectively provided at the lower ends of two support frames as described above 12, be in boots type, including trapezoidal pointed tooth 131, become with trapezoidal pointed tooth The spy tooth main body 132 of one, the tooth main body 132 of visiting are equipped with the I-shaped through-hole 133 of spy tooth cooperated with support frame, for described The cylindrical fixed pivot crossbeam hole 134 that fixed pivot crossbeam 15 passes through;The longitudinal movement crossbeam 14 is cylindrical, wears simultaneously The longitudinal movement crossbeam through-hole 162 on two fixed blocks 16 is crossed, the longitudinal movement crossbeam 14 can be in the longitudinal movement crossbeam The inner rotation of through-hole 162;The fixed pivot crossbeam 15 also cross two it is described visit teeth 13 on fixed pivot crossbeam holes 134, Support frame as described above 12 can be rotated with the spy tooth 13 around the fixed pivot crossbeam 15 together;The fixed block 16 is U-shaped, U-shaped hole is used to install the main body sleeve 112 of the biting hook 11, and the fixed block 16 is additionally provided with to be surrounded for the biting hook 11 It is the shaft 161 of rotation, the longitudinal movement crossbeam through-hole 162 passed through for the longitudinal movement crossbeam 14, logical for support frame as described above 12 The I-shaped through-hole 163 of the fixed block crossed.
The overturning mechanism 2 includes two pull rods 21, two fixed devices 22, two power mechanisms 23, four elevators Structure 24, pedestal 25, driving motor 26, the pull rod 21 include drawhead 211, pull rod main body 212, slide head 213, the pull rod First 211, the slide head 213 is respectively provided at the both ends of the pull rod main body 212, and two drawheads 211 are fixed simultaneously to pacify Mounted in the both ends of the longitudinal movement crossbeam 14, the pull rod 21 pulls the longitudinal movement crossbeam by the drawhead 211 14, the pull rod main body 212 is rotatably connected with the slide head 213 by shaft 214, the cross section of the slide head 213 In convex, can be slided in the guide rail 234 on the power mechanism 23;The fixed device 22 passes through bolt or the side of welding Formula is located at the top of the power mechanism 23, and the fixed device 22 is equipped with cylindrical mounting hole 221, horizontal for the fixed pivot The both ends of beam 15 are fixedly mounted in the mounting hole 221;The structure of the power mechanism 23 is trapezoidal, including vertical component effect 231, Horizontal part 232, rake 233, the vertical component effect 231, horizontal part 232, rake 233 link into an integrated entity formula structure, the water Flat portion 232, the rake 233 are equipped with coherent guide rail 234, and the fixed device 22 is located on the horizontal part 232;Four The elevating mechanism 24 is cylindrical, is located at the lower section of the vertical component effect 231 of the power mechanism 23, the elevating mechanism 24 is for adjusting Save the height and tilt angle of the power mechanism 23;The pedestal 25 is in hollow, is located at the lower section of the elevating mechanism 24, The pedestal 25 is used to support the elevating mechanism 24, the power mechanism 23, the fixed device 22, the pull rod 21;Institute Driving motor 26 is stated for the positioning occlusion mechanism 1, the power turnover device 2, the gantry mechanism 3, the walking Mechanism 4 provides power, is located in the pedestal 25.
The gantry mechanism 3 includes four suspension hooks 31, and two move horizontally crossbeam 32, and two are set a roof beam in place 33, four upright bars 34, Four support legs 35, the suspension hook 31 include coupler body 311, sleeve 1, sleeve 2 313, straight coupling 314, the coupler body 311 a part covers in the sleeve 1, and a part of the sleeve 1 covers in the sleeve 2 313, described Straight coupling 314 is located at the other end of the sleeve 2 313, also can according to need and saves sleeve 2 313, the straight coupling 314 are located at the other end of the sleeve 1, and the bottom end of the upright bar 34 is fixedly installed in the support leg 35, every institute 33 tops for being separately connected two upright bars 34 of setting a roof beam in place are stated, the both ends for moving horizontally crossbeam 32 pass through three-way connection respectively 36 be slidably mounted in it is described set a roof beam in place on 33, two suspension hooks 31 are slidably mounted in by straight coupling 314 respectively It is moved horizontally described in one on crossbeam 32.
The walking mechanism 4 includes 41, eight idler wheels 42 of U-shaped bottom plate, and the idler wheel 42 is mounted on the U-shaped bottom plate 41 Lower section, the idler wheel 42 can be driven with the driving motor 26, and the pedestal 25, the support leg 35 are fixed on described On U-shaped bottom plate, the walking mechanism 4 can be moved and be fixed to single unit system in position fixing process.
The working principle of the embodiment of the present invention is specific as follows:
Firstly, adjustment controls the roller steering in the walking mechanism 4, the overturning easing gear is moved to apart from goods When object suitable distance, the driving motor 26 drives the elevating mechanism 24 that can go up and down to the power mechanism 23, from And the fixed device 22 and the fixed pivot crossbeam 15 thereon drive the spy tooth 13 to go up and down, until the spy tooth 13 The lower edge of cargo is navigated to, mobile overturning easing gear advances towards cargo, fixes the spy tooth 13 under cargo Edge, at this point, the biting hook 11 that can be rotated relative to the support rod 12 starts top and positions, after positioning, support frame as described above 12 have certain distance apart from cargo two sides, and certain space is provided for lifting process, then the biting hook 11, the spy tooth 13 It is contacted with object, during this, the pull rod 21 can be moved along the guide rail 234 on the power mechanism 23, at this time without drawing Power, after cargo positioning is terminated closely be engaged by the positioning occlusion mechanism 1, the pull rod 21 starts in the driving Motor 26 drives lower generation pulling force, and pull rod 21 generates during mobile on the acclive guide rail 234 of power mechanism 23 Pulling force, pulling and vertically moving crossbeam 14 using lever principle is fulcrum with the fixed pivot crossbeam 15, thus described in driving The drawing of support rod 12 turns to horizontal position, achieve the purpose that cargo is drawn and turn to it is horizontal, then, the water of the gantry mechanism 3 Flat moving beam 32 drives the suspension hook 31 33 to move along described set a roof beam in place, until be moved to cargo two sides, the suspension hook 31 from Cargo is hooked in cargo bottom end, and the positioning occlusion mechanism 1, which releases, to be fixed, and the suspension hook 31 is shunk cargo, when the overturning is unloaded Goods device is moved to discharge location, adjusts the elevating mechanism 24, and the suspension hook 31 is adjusted to suitable position, the suspension hook 31 Cargo is unclamped, cargo is slided along the power mechanism 23, is unloaded to the position of formulation, completes unloading.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail above, for those of ordinary skill in the art, according to According to thought provided by the invention, will change in specific embodiment, and these changes also should be regarded as guarantor of the invention Protect range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of overturning easing gear, it is characterised in that: including positioning occlusion mechanism (1), overturn mechanism (2), gantry mechanism (3), walking mechanism (4), the positioning occlusion mechanism (1) include biting hook (11), support frame (12), visit tooth (13), Zong Xiangyi Dynamic crossbeam (14) and fixed pivot crossbeam (15), the biting hook (11) can rotate relative to support frame as described above (12), the longitudinal direction Moving beam (14) is connect with support frame as described above (12), and the fixed pivot crossbeam (15) passes through the spy tooth (13), the branch Support (12) can be rotated around the fixed pivot crossbeam (15);The overturning mechanism (2) includes pull rod (21), power mechanism (23), driving motor (26), the pull rod (21) can be slided or rotate on the power mechanism (23), the pull rod (21), The power mechanism (23) connect with the longitudinal movement crossbeam (14), fixed pivot crossbeam (15) respectively, the driving motor (26) drive the pull rod (21) mobile along the power mechanism (23);The overturning mechanism (2), the gantry mechanism (3) It is mounted on the walking mechanism (4);The gantry mechanism (3) is for transferring cargo.
2. a kind of overturning easing gear as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the biting hook (11) is rotatably pacified Loaded on the shaft (161) on fixed block (16), the fixed block (16) is fixedly installed in support frame as described above (12).
3. a kind of overturning easing gear as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the biting hook (11) includes briar tooth Main body (111), main body sleeve (112), the main body sleeve (112) entangle a part of the briar tooth main body (111).
4. a kind of overturning easing gear as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the spy tooth (13) is fixedly installed in described On support frame (12), including trapezoidal pointed tooth (131), spy tooth main body (132), the trapezoidal pointed tooth (131), the spy tooth main body (132) it is an integral structure, described visit tooth main body (132) are equipped with the hole (134) passed through for fixed pivot crossbeam (15).
5. a kind of overturning easing gear as described in claims 1 or 2 or 4, it is characterised in that: support frame as described above (12) it is transversal Face is in I-shaped.
6. a kind of overturning easing gear as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the pull rod (21) includes drawhead (211), pull rod main body (212), slide head (213), the drawhead (211) are installed on the longitudinal movement crossbeam (14), institute The one end for stating pull rod main body (212) is installed on the drawhead (211), and the other end of the pull rod main body (212) is rotationally It is installed on the slide head (213), the slide head (213) can be slided on the power mechanism (23).
7. a kind of overturning easing gear as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the overturning mechanism (2) further includes lifting Device (24), the lifting device (24) are set to the lower section of the power mechanism (23).
8. a kind of overturning easing gear as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the gantry mechanism (3) includes suspension hook (31), it moves horizontally crossbeam (32), set a roof beam in place (33), upright bar (34), the suspension hook (31) is slidably mounted on the horizontal shifting Dynamic crossbeam (32), it is described move horizontally crossbeam (32) be fixedly installed in it is described set a roof beam in place (33), described (33) fixed installation of setting a roof beam in place In the upright bar (34).
9. a kind of overturning easing gear as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that: the suspension hook (31) include coupler body (311), Sleeve (312), straight coupling (314), a part of the coupler body (311) cover in the sleeve (312), the straight coupling (314) it is located at one end of the sleeve (312), described move horizontally crossbeam (32) are across the straight coupling (314).
10. a kind of overturning easing gear as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the walking mechanism (4) includes bottom plate (41), idler wheel (42), the idler wheel (42) are set to the lower section of the bottom plate (41).
CN201710622865.5A 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of overturning easing gear Active CN107416517B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710622865.5A CN107416517B (en) 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of overturning easing gear

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CN107416517B true CN107416517B (en) 2018-12-14

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109606820B (en) * 2018-10-26 2021-04-20 上海富永包装科技有限公司 Bidirectional material turnover mechanism
CN110077842B (en) * 2019-05-28 2020-10-16 杭州电子科技大学 Eagle claw type unloader
CN111006942B (en) * 2019-12-27 2022-03-29 杨为东 Operation bench for in-situ test

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6475128A (en) * 1987-09-17 1989-03-20 Taiho Seiki Kk Work carrying device
CN201068382Y (en) * 2007-07-23 2008-06-04 王国新 Novel fork lift
CN202829488U (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-03-27 杭叉集团股份有限公司 Tray carriage goods tipping device
CN205575073U (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-09-14 中国电器科学研究院有限公司 Convertible feeding mechanical arm
CN106044190A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-10-26 山东交通学院 Sliding-type multi-unit linearly-driven electro-hydraulic controllable wood grasping machine
CN205740231U (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-11-30 浙江豪情汽车制造有限公司 A kind of auxiliary device of reaching the standard grade of automobile frame members

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6475128A (en) * 1987-09-17 1989-03-20 Taiho Seiki Kk Work carrying device
CN201068382Y (en) * 2007-07-23 2008-06-04 王国新 Novel fork lift
CN202829488U (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-03-27 杭叉集团股份有限公司 Tray carriage goods tipping device
CN205575073U (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-09-14 中国电器科学研究院有限公司 Convertible feeding mechanical arm
CN205740231U (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-11-30 浙江豪情汽车制造有限公司 A kind of auxiliary device of reaching the standard grade of automobile frame members
CN106044190A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-10-26 山东交通学院 Sliding-type multi-unit linearly-driven electro-hydraulic controllable wood grasping machine

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