CN107414554B - Double-inclined-hole drilling equipment for numerical control machining center - Google Patents

Double-inclined-hole drilling equipment for numerical control machining center Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107414554B
CN107414554B CN201710762085.0A CN201710762085A CN107414554B CN 107414554 B CN107414554 B CN 107414554B CN 201710762085 A CN201710762085 A CN 201710762085A CN 107414554 B CN107414554 B CN 107414554B
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China
Prior art keywords
block
supporting
drilling
cylinder
positioning
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CN201710762085.0A
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CN107414554A (en
Inventor
叶建根
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Suzhou Qunzhi Machinery Equipment Co ltd
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Suzhou Qunzhi Machinery Equipment Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • B23B39/16Drilling machines with a plurality of working-spindles; Drilling automatons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/04Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part adjustable in inclination
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/04Work clamping means using fluid means or a vacuum
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

The invention relates to a double-inclined-hole drilling device for a numerical control machining center, wherein the upper end of a bottom plate is connected with a rotating block through a supporting frame; the upper end of the rotating block is provided with a lower compressing block; an upper compression block capable of moving up and down is arranged above the lower compression block; the upper compression block and the lower compression block are semi-circular; the two sides of the supporting frame are provided with supporting mechanisms and positioning blocks; the upper end of the positioning block is provided with a lifting cylinder; the lower end of the lifting cylinder is connected with a second semicircular electromagnet; one side of the supporting mechanism is also provided with a U-shaped sliding frame which is arranged on the bottom plate in a sliding way; two fixing plates positioned on two sides of the supporting mechanism are arranged on the U-shaped sliding frame; the two fixing plates are respectively provided with a first positioning plate and a second positioning plate, and the two positioning plates are arranged up and down symmetrically; the first positioning plate is connected with the drilling mechanism through a reference rod; the second locating plate is connected with the drilling mechanism through the telescopic rod, and a displacement cylinder is arranged on one side of the drilling mechanism.

Description

Double-inclined-hole drilling equipment for numerical control machining center
Technical Field
The invention relates to drilling equipment, in particular to double-inclined-hole drilling equipment for a numerical control machining center.
Background
The numerical control machining center is a high-efficiency automatic machine tool which consists of mechanical equipment and a numerical control system and is suitable for machining complex parts. The numerical control machining center is one of the numerical control machine tools with highest yield and most wide application in the world at present. The integrated processing capability is strong, and the method is widely applied to various fields.
At present, when a numerical control machining center is used for machining shaft parts, a drilling machine is adopted for drilling, but the existing drilling machine only can be used for horizontally or vertically drilling the shaft parts, and when the machining is performed, two inclined holes with the same inclination angle are required to be machined, meanwhile, the distance between the two inclined holes is also required, and the existing numerical control machining center is not provided with a special drilling device, so that the drilling angle and the machining precision cannot be guaranteed, and a plurality of problems are brought to actual machining.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provide the double-inclined-hole drilling equipment for the numerical control machining center, which is convenient to machine, can machine two inclined holes and has high distance precision between the two inclined holes.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the double-inclined-hole drilling equipment for the numerical control machining center comprises a bottom plate, a supporting frame, a rotating block, a lower pressing block, a pressing cylinder, an upper pressing block, a supporting mechanism, a positioning block, a lifting cylinder, a U-shaped connecting block, a second electromagnet, a U-shaped sliding frame, a fixed plate, a first positioning plate, a second positioning plate, a reference rod, a drilling mechanism, a telescopic rod and a displacement cylinder; the upper end of the bottom plate is provided with a supporting frame; the upper end of the supporting frame is provided with a rotatable rotating block; the upper end of the rotating block is fixedly provided with a lower compressing block; an upper compression block which can move up and down through compression cylinders positioned at two ends of the rotating block is arranged above the lower compression block; the upper compression block and the lower compression block are both semicircular; the two sides of the supporting frame are respectively provided with a supporting mechanism and a positioning block, and the supporting mechanism is used for supporting one end of the shaft; the upper end of the positioning block is provided with a lifting cylinder; the lower end of the lifting cylinder is connected with a second electromagnet through a U-shaped connecting block, and the second electromagnet is in a semicircular arc shape; one side of the supporting mechanism is also provided with a U-shaped sliding frame which is slidably arranged on the bottom plate; two fixing plates respectively positioned at two sides of the supporting mechanism are arranged on the U-shaped sliding frame; the two fixing plates are respectively provided with a first positioning plate and a second positioning plate, and the two positioning plates are arranged up and down symmetrically; one end of the first positioning plate is connected with the drilling mechanism through a reference rod; one end of the second locating plate is connected with the drilling mechanism through a telescopic rod, and a displacement cylinder is arranged on one side of the drilling mechanism.
Preferably, the supporting mechanism comprises a supporting cylinder, a reference plate and a first electromagnet; the upper end of the supporting cylinder is provided with a reference plate; the upper end of the reference plate is provided with a first electromagnet, and the first electromagnet is semi-arc-shaped.
Preferably, the drilling mechanism comprises a drilling fixing frame, a sliding guide rail, a telescopic cylinder and a drilling assembly; the sliding guide rail is vertically arranged on the drilling fixing frame; the sliding guide rail is provided with a telescopic cylinder capable of moving up and down; and the front end of the telescopic cylinder is connected with a drilling assembly.
Due to the application of the technical scheme, compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
the double-inclined-hole drilling equipment for the numerical control machining center has the advantages that the whole structure is simple, the workpiece can be rapidly and conveniently machined through single inclined holes, two inclined holes can be machined simultaneously at one time, the machining efficiency is guaranteed, meanwhile, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, different requirements in actual machining are met, the distance precision and the inclination angle between the two inclined holes can be guaranteed, the integral precision of workpiece machining is guaranteed, and the requirements of enterprises in actual production machining are met.
Drawings
The technical scheme of the invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 1;
wherein: 1. a bottom plate; 2. a support frame; 3. a rotating block; 4. a lower compaction block; 5. a compacting cylinder; 6. an upper compaction block; 7. a positioning block; 8. a lifting cylinder; 9. a U-shaped connecting block; 10. a second electromagnet; 11. a U-shaped sliding frame; 12. a fixing plate; 13. a first positioning plate; 14. a second positioning plate; 15. reference rod, 16, telescopic rod, 17, displacement cylinder, 20, support cylinder; 21. a reference plate; 22. a first electromagnet; 30. drilling a fixing frame; 31. a sliding guide rail; 32. and 33, a telescopic cylinder and a drilling assembly.
Detailed Description
The invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific examples.
The invention discloses a double-inclined-hole drilling device for a numerical control machining center, which is shown in the accompanying drawings 1-2, and comprises a bottom plate 1, a supporting frame 2, a rotating block 3, a lower compressing block 4, a compressing cylinder 5, an upper compressing block 6, a supporting mechanism, a positioning block 7, a lifting cylinder 8, a U-shaped connecting block 9, a second electromagnet 10, a U-shaped sliding frame 11, a fixed plate 12, a first positioning plate 13, a second positioning plate 14, a reference rod 15, a drilling mechanism, a telescopic rod 16 and a displacement cylinder 17; the upper end of the bottom plate 1 is provided with a supporting frame 2; the upper end of the supporting frame 2 is provided with a rotatable rotating block 3; the upper end of the rotating block 3 is fixedly provided with a lower compression block 4; an upper compression block 6 which can move up and down through compression cylinders 5 positioned at two ends of the rotating block 3 is arranged above the lower compression block 4; the upper compression block 6 and the lower compression block 4 are both semicircular; the two sides of the support frame 2 are respectively provided with a support mechanism and a positioning block 7, and the support mechanisms are used for supporting one end of a shaft; the upper end of the positioning block 7 is provided with a lifting cylinder 8; the lower end of the lifting cylinder 8 is connected with a second electromagnet 10 through a U-shaped connecting block 9, and the second electromagnet 10 is semicircular; one side of the supporting mechanism is also provided with a U-shaped sliding frame 11 which is slidably arranged on the bottom plate 1; the U-shaped sliding frame 11 is provided with two fixing plates 12 which are respectively positioned at two sides of the supporting mechanism; the two fixing plates 12 are respectively provided with a first positioning plate 13 and a second positioning plate 14, and the two positioning plates are arranged symmetrically up and down; one end of the first positioning plate 13 is connected with a drilling mechanism through a reference rod 15; one end of the second positioning plate 14 is connected with a drilling mechanism through a telescopic rod 16, and one side of the drilling mechanism is provided with a displacement cylinder 17; the support mechanism comprises a support cylinder 20, a reference plate 21 and a first electromagnet 22; the upper end of the supporting cylinder 20 is provided with a reference plate 21; the upper end of the reference plate 21 is provided with a first electromagnet 22, and the first electromagnet 22 is in a semicircular arc shape; the drilling mechanism comprises a drilling fixing frame 30, a sliding guide rail 31, a telescopic cylinder 32 and a drilling assembly 33; the sliding guide rail 31 is vertically arranged on the drilling fixing frame 30; a telescopic cylinder 32 which can move up and down is arranged on the sliding guide rail 31; the front end of the telescopic cylinder 32 is connected with a drilling assembly 33.
The shaft is put into the lower compression block, the lower compression block is matched with the shaft, then the upper compression block is moved downwards by utilizing the compression cylinder, so that the middle part of the shaft is compressed between the upper compression block and the lower compression block, and one end of the shaft can be rotated and inserted into the second electromagnet in a semicircular arc shape due to the fact that the lower compression block is fixed on the rotating block, the second electromagnet is electrified, and the second electromagnet is fixedly connected with one end of the shaft; then the angle of the shaft is required to be adjusted, the lifting cylinder is started, the lifting cylinder moves upwards through the U-shaped connecting block and one end of the second electromagnet driving shaft, the shaft rotates around the supporting frame by a certain angle, and when the shaft rotates to a proper angle, the lifting cylinder stops working; the supporting cylinder is opened, the supporting cylinder drives the second electromagnet to move upwards to a proper position, the other end of the shaft is arranged in the first electromagnet in a semicircular arc shape, the first electromagnet is electrified, and the other end of the shaft is fixedly connected with the electromagnet.
Then the U-shaped sliding support slides to a preset position to ensure that two inclined holes are positioned on the shaft, then the distance between the two inclined holes is adjusted, the displacement cylinder is started, the drilling assembly corresponding to the second locating plate moves forwards, the telescopic rod automatically stretches, at the moment, the distance between the two inclined holes can be accurately obtained through the difference between the telescopic rod and the reference rod, then any drilling assembly is moved to a proper height through the sliding guide rail, the telescopic cylinder is used for stretching forwards to a proper position, then the drilling assembly is used for carrying out inclined hole machining on the shaft, and after machining is completed, the other drilling assembly is used for carrying out inclined hole machining on the shaft, so that the two inclined holes can be conveniently machined, and meanwhile machining precision can be ensured.
The double-inclined-hole drilling equipment for the numerical control machining center has the advantages that the whole structure is simple, the single-inclined-hole machining can be rapidly and conveniently performed on a workpiece, meanwhile, two inclined holes can be simultaneously machined at one time, the machining efficiency is guaranteed, meanwhile, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, different requirements in actual machining are met, the distance precision and the inclination angle between the two inclined holes can be guaranteed, the whole precision of workpiece machining is guaranteed, and the requirements of enterprises in actual production machining are met.
The foregoing is merely a specific application example of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited in any way. All technical schemes formed by equivalent transformation or equivalent substitution fall within the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides a numerical control machining center is with two inclined hole drilling equipment which characterized in that: the device comprises a bottom plate, a supporting frame, a rotating block, a lower compressing block, a compressing cylinder, an upper compressing block, a supporting mechanism, a positioning block, a lifting cylinder, a U-shaped connecting block, a second electromagnet, a U-shaped sliding frame, a fixed plate, a first positioning plate, a second positioning plate, a reference rod, a drilling mechanism, a telescopic rod and a displacement cylinder; the upper end of the bottom plate is provided with a supporting frame; the upper end of the supporting frame is provided with a rotatable rotating block; the upper end of the rotating block is fixedly provided with a lower compressing block; an upper compression block which can move up and down through compression cylinders positioned at two ends of the rotating block is arranged above the lower compression block; the upper compression block and the lower compression block are both semicircular; the two sides of the supporting frame are respectively provided with a supporting mechanism and a positioning block, and the supporting mechanism is used for supporting one end of the shaft; the upper end of the positioning block is provided with a lifting cylinder; the lower end of the lifting cylinder is connected with a second electromagnet through a U-shaped connecting block, and the second electromagnet is in a semicircular arc shape; one side of the supporting mechanism is also provided with a U-shaped sliding frame which is slidably arranged on the bottom plate; two fixing plates respectively positioned at two sides of the supporting mechanism are arranged on the U-shaped sliding frame; the two fixing plates are respectively provided with a first positioning plate and a second positioning plate, and the two positioning plates are arranged up and down symmetrically; one end of the first positioning plate is connected with the drilling mechanism through a reference rod; one end of the second positioning plate is connected with the drilling mechanism through a telescopic rod, and a displacement cylinder is arranged on one side of the drilling mechanism; the supporting mechanism comprises a supporting cylinder, a reference plate and a first electromagnet; the upper end of the supporting cylinder is provided with a reference plate; the upper end of the reference plate is provided with a first electromagnet which is in a semicircular arc shape; the drilling mechanism comprises a drilling fixing frame, a sliding guide rail, a telescopic cylinder and a drilling assembly; the sliding guide rail is vertically arranged on the drilling fixing frame; the sliding guide rail is provided with a telescopic cylinder capable of moving up and down; and the front end of the telescopic cylinder is connected with a drilling assembly.
CN201710762085.0A 2017-08-30 2017-08-30 Double-inclined-hole drilling equipment for numerical control machining center Active CN107414554B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710762085.0A CN107414554B (en) 2017-08-30 2017-08-30 Double-inclined-hole drilling equipment for numerical control machining center

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN107414554B true CN107414554B (en) 2023-09-05

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108296840B (en) * 2018-02-10 2020-04-10 马鞍山凯博智能制造有限公司 Frock clamp with automatic clamping function

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2751951Y (en) * 2004-12-24 2006-01-18 中国北车集团永济电机厂 Adjustable oblique hole drill mould
CN103264177A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-28 山东威达机械股份有限公司 Dual-power horizontal tool for processing triclinic hole
CN104400497A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-03-11 常州正康硬质合金有限公司 Rapid centre hole drilling tooling
CN205733110U (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-11-30 赣州恒永铝材有限公司 A kind of thin-walled aluminium car aperture apparatus
CN207223471U (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-04-13 苏州群志机械设备有限公司 A kind of numerical control machining center diclinic hole drilling equipment

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2751951Y (en) * 2004-12-24 2006-01-18 中国北车集团永济电机厂 Adjustable oblique hole drill mould
CN103264177A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-28 山东威达机械股份有限公司 Dual-power horizontal tool for processing triclinic hole
CN104400497A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-03-11 常州正康硬质合金有限公司 Rapid centre hole drilling tooling
CN205733110U (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-11-30 赣州恒永铝材有限公司 A kind of thin-walled aluminium car aperture apparatus
CN207223471U (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-04-13 苏州群志机械设备有限公司 A kind of numerical control machining center diclinic hole drilling equipment

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