CN107398059B - Respiratory training device - Google Patents

Respiratory training device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107398059B
CN107398059B CN201610333445.0A CN201610333445A CN107398059B CN 107398059 B CN107398059 B CN 107398059B CN 201610333445 A CN201610333445 A CN 201610333445A CN 107398059 B CN107398059 B CN 107398059B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
air inlet
respiratory training
cylinder
pneumatic department
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CN201610333445.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107398059A (en
Inventor
左秀萍
张坚
高苗
张朋勃
宋娟
徐梦
Original Assignee
中国人民解放军第四军医大学
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Application filed by 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 filed Critical 中国人民解放军第四军医大学
Priority to CN201610333445.0A priority Critical patent/CN107398059B/en
Publication of CN107398059A publication Critical patent/CN107398059A/en
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Publication of CN107398059B publication Critical patent/CN107398059B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/18Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for improving respiratory function

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of respiratory training devices, comprising: air blowing portion;Multistage aerodynamic portion, every level-one pneumatic department have air inlet and air outlet, and the air inlet of first order pneumatic department is connect with air blowing portion, and the gas outlet of previous stage pneumatic department is connect with the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department;Wherein, every level-one pneumatic department is used to flow to opposite effect power to the air-flow application and air-flow entered by air inlet, and air-flow is discharged by gas outlet when the pressure of air-flow reaches setting value;Using the respiratory training device of technical solution of the present invention, patient can be made in respiratory training, exercise intensity enhances step by step, meets the respiratory training demand of different patients, solves the lesser technical problem of exercise intensity of breathing exercising device in the prior art.

Description

Respiratory training device

Technical field

The present invention relates to medical appliance fields, in particular to a kind of respiratory training device.

Background technique

Breathing exercising device is often used effectively to temper the respiratory of the patient of respiratory disease in hospital, To achieve the purpose that improve patient breathing system, existing breathing exercising device is general only to the raw reaction of inflatable gas miscarriage Power, it is smaller to the respiratory training intensity of patient, it is unable to satisfy the exercise requirement of patient.

For the smaller technical problem of exercise intensity of breathing exercising device in the prior art, effective solution is not yet proposed at present Certainly scheme.

Summary of the invention

The main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of respiratory training devices, at least to solve breathing forging in the prior art Refine the lesser technical problem of exercise intensity of device.

To achieve the goals above, according to the present invention, a kind of respiratory training device is provided, comprising: air blowing portion;Multistage gas Dynamic portion, every level-one pneumatic department have air inlet and air outlet, and the air inlet of first order pneumatic department is connect with air blowing portion, previous stage gas The gas outlet in dynamic portion is connect with the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department;Wherein, every level-one pneumatic department is used to enter to by air inlet Air-flow apply and flow to opposite effect power with air-flow, and arrange air-flow by gas outlet when the pressure of air-flow reaches setting value Out.

Further, pneumatic department includes: cylinder;Piston is slidably disposed on the inner wall sealing in cylinder and with cylinder; Elastomeric element, the axis direction along cylinder are arranged, and the first end of elastomeric element is fixedly connected with cylinder, the second end of elastomeric element It is connect with piston;Wherein, when elastomeric element is in free extension state, piston is in the first predeterminated position of cylinder for air inlet Current path between gas outlet disconnects, will be into when piston moves to the second predeterminated position under the action of the air-flow of air inlet Current path connection between port and gas outlet.

Further, gas outlet is arranged on the side wall of cylinder, and in the movement travel in piston, piston is in first When predeterminated position, air inlet and air outlet are located at the two sides of piston, when piston is in the second predeterminated position, air inlet and air outlet Positioned at the same side of piston.

Further, the first regulating member is provided on cylinder, the first end of elastomeric element is connect with the first regulating member, First regulating member is used to pass through movement travel of the adjustable elastic parts piston in cylinder.

Further, the first regulating member includes: regulation cock, and the head end of regulation cock has external screw thread, wherein cylinder it is interior Have on wall with the matched internal screw thread of external screw thread on regulation cock, regulation cock be spirally connected by the internal screw thread of external screw thread and cylinder thus It can be moved along the axis direction of cylinder;Determine core, positioned at regulation cock head end and be rotatably coupled with regulation cock, wherein bullet The first end of property component is connect with core is determined.

Further, the gas outlet of previous stage pneumatic department is connect with the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department by triple valve.

Further, respiratory training device further include: the air inlet of first order pneumatic department is arranged in the second regulating member Place, the opening size of the air inlet for adjusting first order pneumatic department.

Further, respiratory training device further include: pressure sensor is arranged at the air inlet of first order pneumatic department, The air pressure at air inlet for monitoring first order pneumatic department.

Further, respiratory training device further include: processor is connect with pressure sensor, for recording and showing Air pressure at the air inlet of level-one pneumatic department.

Further, air blowing portion is removably connect with first order pneumatic department, has funnel shaped blowing nozzle in air blowing portion.

Using the respiratory training device of technical solution of the present invention, pass through setting air blowing portion and multistage aerodynamic portion, every level-one gas Dynamic portion has air inlet and air outlet, and the air inlet of first order pneumatic department is connect with air blowing portion, the gas outlet of previous stage pneumatic department It is connect with the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department;Wherein, every level-one pneumatic department be used for by air inlet enter air-flow apply with Air-flow flows to opposite effect power, and air-flow is discharged by gas outlet when the pressure of air-flow reaches setting value, to make to suffer from In respiratory training, exercise intensity enhances person step by step, meets the respiratory training demand of different patients, solves in the prior art The lesser technical problem of the exercise intensity of breathing exercising device.

Detailed description of the invention

The drawings described herein are used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, constitutes part of this application, this hair Bright illustrative embodiments and their description are used to explain the present invention, and are not constituted improper limitations of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is optional a kind of structural schematic diagram of respiratory training device according to embodiments of the present invention.

Wherein, in the accompanying drawings include that the following drawings marks:

1, air blowing portion;2, pneumatic department;21, cylinder;22, piston;23, elastomeric element;3, the first regulating member;31, it adjusts Bolt;32, determine core;4, triple valve;5, the second regulating member;6, pressure sensor;7, processor;8, liquid-jet device;81, feed liquor connects Mouthful.

Specific embodiment

In order to enable those skilled in the art to better understand the solution of the present invention, below in conjunction in the embodiment of the present invention Attached drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only The embodiment of a part of the invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, ordinary skill people The model that the present invention protects all should belong in member's every other embodiment obtained without making creative work It encloses.

Respiratory training device according to an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, comprising: air blowing portion 1 and multistage aerodynamic portion 2;Often Level-one pneumatic department 2 has air inlet and air outlet, and the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2 is connect with air blowing portion 1, previous stage pneumatic department 2 gas outlet is connect with the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department 2;Wherein, every level-one pneumatic department 2 is used for by air inlet entrance Air-flow application flows to opposite effect power with air-flow, and arranges air-flow by gas outlet when the pressure of air-flow reaches setting value Out.

Using the respiratory training device of technical solution of the present invention, pass through setting air blowing portion 1 and multistage aerodynamic portion 2, every level-one Pneumatic department 2 has air inlet and air outlet, and the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2 is connect with air blowing portion 1, previous stage pneumatic department 2 Gas outlet is connect with the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department 2;Wherein, every level-one pneumatic department 2 is used for the gas entered by air inlet Stream application flows to opposite effect power with air-flow, and air-flow is discharged by gas outlet when the pressure of air-flow reaches setting value, To make patient in respiratory training, exercise intensity enhances step by step, meets the respiratory training demand of different patients, solves existing The lesser technical problem of the exercise intensity of breathing exercising device in technology

When it is implemented, pneumatic department 2 includes: cylinder 21, piston 22 and elastomeric element 23;Piston 22 is slidably disposed on It is sealed in cylinder 21 and between the inner wall of cylinder 21;Optionally, elastomeric element 23 uses spring, and elastomeric element 23 is along cylinder 21 Axis direction setting, the first end of elastomeric element 23 is fixedly connected with cylinder 21, the second end and piston 22 of elastomeric element 23 Connection, piston 22 is opposite with the air inlet of pneumatic department 2, and the gas outlet of pneumatic department 2 is arranged on the side wall of cylinder 21, and in work In the movement travel of plug 22, in the case where air inlet does not have charge air flow, elastomeric element 23 is in free extension state, this When, piston 22 is in the first predeterminated position of cylinder 21, i.e., between air inlet and air outlet by air inlet and air outlet it Between current path disconnect, when user starts respiratory training using respiratory training device, air-flow is entered by air blowing portion 1, and It is acted on piston 22 by air inlet, piston 22 overcomes 23 resistance of elastomeric element direction to go out under the action of the air-flow of air inlet The direction of port moves, and when the air pressure of air blowing is greater than the set value, it is default that the position that piston 22 crosses gas outlet moves to second Position, at this point, air inlet and air outlet are located at the same side of piston 22, to make the current path between air inlet and air outlet Connection, air-flow are entered in the pneumatic department 2 of next stage by gas outlet, identical process are repeated, to increase the intensity of respiratory training.

In order to be capable of the intensity of flexible modulation respiratory training according to the demand of different patients, is provided on cylinder 21 One regulating member 3 is used for movement travel of the regulating piston 22 in cylinder 21, and the first regulating member 3 includes: regulation cock 31 and determines Core 32, the head end of regulation cock 31 have external screw thread, have on the inner wall of cylinder 21 matched interior with the external screw thread on regulation cock 31 Screw thread, regulation cock 31 are spirally connected by the internal screw thread of external screw thread and cylinder 21, can make 31 edge of regulation cock by rotating regulation cock 31 The axis direction of cylinder 21 is mobile;Determine the head end that core 32 is located at regulation cock 31, determines to connect between core 32 and regulation cock 31 by shaft It connects, so that regulation cock 31 be enable to rotate relative to core 32 is determined, the first end of elastomeric element 23 is fixedly connected with core 32 is determined, and rotation is adjusted When saving bolt 31, axial movement of the core 32 only with regulation cock 31 along cylinder 21 is determined, without around circumferentially rotating, to will not make elasticity Component 23 distorts, and determines position when core 32 is axially moveable by 23 regulating piston 22 of elastomeric element in cylinder 21, piston 22 Position apart from gas outlet is remoter, and piston 22, which needs to move bigger stroke, can just cross the position of gas outlet thus by air inlet Current path between gas outlet is opened, and then also bigger to the decrement of elastomeric element 23, and it is strong to reach increase respiratory training The purpose of degree;Conversely, position of the piston 22 apart from gas outlet is closer, piston 22, which only needs to move lesser stroke, to be crossed out The current path between air inlet and gas outlet is opened in the position of port, therefore, also opposite to the decrement of elastomeric element 23 It is smaller, to achieve the purpose that reduce respiratory training intensity.

The respiratory training intensity that every level-one pneumatic department 2 is adjusted except through the first regulating member 3, furthermore it is also possible to pass through Adjusting of the series realization of the work of pneumatic department 2 to respiratory training intensity is controlled, specifically, between adjacent two-stage pneumatic portion 2 It is provided with triple valve 4, triple valve 4 has first port, second port and third port, wherein first port and previous stage gas The gas outlet connection in dynamic portion 2, second port are connect with the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department 2, and third port is exhaust outlet, if needed It wants next stage pneumatic department 2 to work, i.e., the first port of triple valve 4 and second port is connected, third port is closed, and previous stage is made The air-flow of pneumatic department 2 can flow into rear stage pneumatic department 2, if you do not need to next stage pneumatic department 2 works, i.e., by triple valve 4 First port and third port conducting, second port are closed, the air-flow of previous stage pneumatic department 2 are expelled directly out, by flexibly adjusting The series that section pneumatic department 2 works can be realized the intensity for increasing and reducing respiratory training step by step.

Triple valve 4 between adjacent two-stage pneumatic portion 2 is all made of detachable connection with pneumatic department 2 is connect, thus When not in use, pneumatic departments 2 at different levels can be dismantled, convenient for collecting and carrying.

It is provided with changeover portion of the " u "-shaped pipe as air-flow between two adjacent pneumatic departments 2, can be changed each pneumatic Orientation between portion 2 reaches section space-efficient purpose, meanwhile, " u "-shaped pipe can make air-flow flowing more smooth.

In addition, also being set at the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2 to realize the further adjusting to respiratory training intensity It is equipped with the second regulating member 5, the second regulating member 5 can adjust the opening size of the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2, thus right Charge air flow generates the adjusting that inhibition realizes respiratory training intensity.

In order to which the respiratory training process to user is effectively monitored, convenient for analyzing and recording the breathing forging of user The effect of refining is provided with pressure sensor 6 and processor 7, each gas in the course of work at the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2 Dynamic portion 2 is interconnected, thus be everywhere it is isobaric, entirely exhaled during respiratory training can be obtained by pressure sensor 6 Inhale pressure data everywhere in exercising apparatus;Pressure sensor 6 is connect with processor 7, the pressure that will be monitored in the course of work To processor 7, pressure data can be shown data real-time transmission by being above provided with display screen, facilitated patient directly to observe and exhaled Inhale the effect taken exercise;Also there is memory in processor 7, the surname of user can be inputted by the input keyboard on processor 7 Name, number and other data informations are filed for user, which stores the respiratory training of each user in memory Pressure data also can it is corresponding with the name of user and number storage, facilitate medical staff later transfer analysis, thus be make User, which is used for a long time, provides the data support on basis.

Since the personnel that respiratory training device uses within the hospital are frequent, in order to avoid causing cross-infection, health is kept, Blow afloat portion 1 be detachable setting, can remove after use every time carry out disinfection processing or air blowing portion 1 directly be primary Property use, the directly air blowing portion 1 that more renews is removed after use, there is funnel shaped blowing nozzle in air blowing portion 1, can be easy to use Person blows.

Respiratory training device after used a period of time, can have a large amount of bacterium in the tube body of pneumatic department 2, in order to Periodically pneumatic department 2 is carried out disinfection and cleaned, liquid-jet device 8, hydrojet dress are additionally provided at the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2 Setting on 8 has towards the spray hole inside the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2, be provided on liquid-jet device 8 with feed liquor interface 81, Feed liquor interface 81 is connect with cleaning equipment, and cleaning equipment passes through feed liquor interface 81 for thimerosal pressurized delivered to liquid-jet device 8, and It is sprayed by the spray hole on liquid-jet device 8 at the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2, it in the process of cleaning, will be in air blowing portion 1 Infundibulate blowing nozzle remove, the thimerosal after cleaning by air blowing portion 1 flow out.

The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that those skilled in the art are come It says, various improvements and modifications may be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as Protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of respiratory training device, including air blowing portion, which is characterized in that the respiratory training device further include:
Multistage aerodynamic portion, pneumatic department described in every level-one have air inlet and air outlet, the air inlet of pneumatic department described in the first order Mouth is connect with the air blowing portion, the air inlet of pneumatic department described in the gas outlet of pneumatic department described in previous stage and rear stage Connection;
Wherein, the air-flow application that pneumatic department described in every level-one is used to enter the process air inlet flows to phase with the air-flow Anti- active force, and air-flow is discharged by the gas outlet when the pressure of the air-flow reaches setting value.
2. respiratory training device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pneumatic department includes:
Cylinder;
Piston is slidably disposed in the cylinder and seals with the inner wall of the cylinder;
Elastomeric element, the axis direction along the cylinder are arranged, and the first end of the elastomeric element is fixedly connected with the cylinder, The second end of the elastomeric element is connect with the piston;
Wherein, when the elastomeric element is in free extension state, the first predeterminated position that the piston is in the cylinder will Current path between the air inlet and the gas outlet disconnects, and the piston is transported under the action of the air-flow of the air inlet The current path between the air inlet and the gas outlet is connected to when moving to the second predeterminated position.
3. respiratory training device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the side of the cylinder is arranged in the gas outlet On wall, and in the movement travel in the piston, when the piston is in first predeterminated position, the air inlet and institute State the two sides that gas outlet is located at the piston, when the piston is in second predeterminated position, the air inlet and it is described go out Port is located at the same side of the piston.
4. respiratory training device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that be provided with the first adjustment portion on the cylinder Part, the first end of the elastomeric element are connect with first regulating member, and first regulating member is used to pass through the bullet Property component adjusts movement travel of the piston in the cylinder.
5. respiratory training device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that first regulating member includes:
Regulation cock, the head end of the regulation cock have external screw thread, wherein have on the inner wall of the cylinder on the regulation cock The matched internal screw thread of external screw thread, the regulation cock is spirally connected by the internal screw thread of the external screw thread and the cylinder so as to edge The axis direction of the cylinder is mobile;
Determine core, positioned at the regulation cock head end and be rotatably coupled with the regulation cock, wherein the of the elastomeric element Determine core with described and connect in one end.
6. respiratory training device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the gas outlet of pneumatic department described in previous stage It is connect with the air inlet of pneumatic department described in rear stage by triple valve.
7. respiratory training device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the respiratory training device further include:
Second regulating member is arranged at the air inlet of the first order pneumatic department, for adjusting the first order pneumatic department The opening size of air inlet.
8. respiratory training device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the respiratory training device further include:
Pressure sensor is arranged at the air inlet of the first order pneumatic department, for monitoring the institute of the first order pneumatic department State the air pressure at air inlet.
9. respiratory training device according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the respiratory training device further include:
Processor is connect with the pressure sensor, at the air inlet for recording and showing the first order pneumatic department Air pressure.
10. respiratory training device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the air blowing portion and the first order are pneumatic Portion removably connects, and has funnel shaped blowing nozzle in the air blowing portion.
CN201610333445.0A 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Respiratory training device CN107398059B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610333445.0A CN107398059B (en) 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Respiratory training device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610333445.0A CN107398059B (en) 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Respiratory training device

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CN107398059A CN107398059A (en) 2017-11-28
CN107398059B true CN107398059B (en) 2019-03-05

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108056775A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-05-22 王玉光 A kind of Respiratory Medicine lung function physiotherapy equipment for health-recovery
CN110270063B (en) * 2019-07-12 2020-12-08 河南科技大学第一附属医院 Breathing training device and training method for cardiology department
CN110624218B (en) * 2019-09-24 2020-11-20 安徽医科大学第一附属医院 Breathe internal medicine with pulmonary function trainer

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2278545A (en) * 1993-04-21 1994-12-07 Univ Loughborough Inspiratory muscle training device
CN203280979U (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-11-13 昆明市经开人民医院 Respiratory function trainer
CN204073291U (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-01-07 常海霞 A kind of intellectual breathing function workout trainer
CN204411611U (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-24 青岛市中心医院 A kind of occupational disease respiratory function recovery training appliance for recovery
CN204543425U (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-08-12 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 A kind of cigarette holder formula pulmonary function exerciser

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2278545A (en) * 1993-04-21 1994-12-07 Univ Loughborough Inspiratory muscle training device
CN203280979U (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-11-13 昆明市经开人民医院 Respiratory function trainer
CN204073291U (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-01-07 常海霞 A kind of intellectual breathing function workout trainer
CN204411611U (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-24 青岛市中心医院 A kind of occupational disease respiratory function recovery training appliance for recovery
CN204543425U (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-08-12 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 A kind of cigarette holder formula pulmonary function exerciser

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Address after: 710032 Changle West Road, Xi'an, Xi'an, Shaanxi

Patentee after: The Fourth Military Medical University of the Chinese People's Liberation Army

Address before: 710032 No. 127 Lexi Road, Mayor of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province

Patentee before: The Fourth Military Medical University of the Chinese People's Liberation Army

Address after: 710032 Changle West Road, Xi'an, Xi'an, Shaanxi

Patentee after: The Fourth Military Medical University of the Chinese People's Liberation Army

Address before: 710032 No. 127 Lexi Road, Mayor of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province

Patentee before: The Fourth Military Medical University of the Chinese People's Liberation Army

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Zuo Xiuping

Inventor after: Zhang Jian

Inventor after: Gao Miao

Inventor after: Zhang Pengbo

Inventor after: Song Juan

Inventor after: Xu Meng

Inventor before: Zuo Xiuping

Inventor before: Zhang Jian

Inventor before: Gao Miao

Inventor before: Zhang Pengbo

Inventor before: Song Juan

Inventor before: Xu Meng

Inventor after: Zuo Xiuping

Inventor after: Zhang Jian

Inventor after: Gao Miao

Inventor after: Zhang Pengbo

Inventor after: Song Juan

Inventor after: Xu Meng

Inventor before: Zuo Xiuping

Inventor before: Zhang Jian

Inventor before: Gao Miao

Inventor before: Zhang Pengbo

Inventor before: Song Juan

Inventor before: Xu Meng

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190305

Termination date: 20190519