CN107398059A - Respiratory training device - Google Patents

Respiratory training device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107398059A
CN107398059A CN201610333445.0A CN201610333445A CN107398059A CN 107398059 A CN107398059 A CN 107398059A CN 201610333445 A CN201610333445 A CN 201610333445A CN 107398059 A CN107398059 A CN 107398059A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
air inlet
respiratory training
cylinder
gas outlet
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CN201610333445.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107398059B (en
Inventor
左秀萍
张坚
高苗
张朋勃
宋娟
徐梦
Original Assignee
中国人民解放军第四军医大学
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Application filed by 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 filed Critical 中国人民解放军第四军医大学
Priority to CN201610333445.0A priority Critical patent/CN107398059B/en
Publication of CN107398059A publication Critical patent/CN107398059A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107398059B publication Critical patent/CN107398059B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/18Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for improving respiratory function

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of respiratory training device, including:Air blowing portion;Stage pneumatic portion, there is air inlet and gas outlet per one-level pneumatic department, the air inlet of first order pneumatic department is connected with air blowing portion, and the gas outlet of previous stage pneumatic department is connected with the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department;Wherein, it is used to applying the air-flow entered by air inlet per one-level pneumatic department and flows to opposite effect power with air-flow, and air-flow is discharged by gas outlet when the pressure of air-flow reaches setting value;Using the respiratory training device of technical solution of the present invention, can making patient, exercise intensity strengthens step by step in respiratory training, meets the respiratory training demand of different patients, solves the less technical problem of exercise intensity of breathing exercising device of the prior art.

Description

Respiratory training device

Technical field

The present invention relates to medical apparatus field, in particular to a kind of respiratory training device.

Background technology

Often the respiratory of the patient of respiratory disease is entered using breathing exercising device in hospital Row is effectively taken exercise, and so as to reach the purpose for improving patient breathing system, existing breathing exercising device is general Only to the raw reaction force of inflatable gas miscarriage, its respiratory training intensity to patient is smaller, Wu Faman The exercise requirement of sufficient patient.

For the smaller technical problem of exercise intensity of breathing exercising device of the prior art, not yet carry at present Go out effective solution.

The content of the invention

It is a primary object of the present invention to provide a kind of respiratory training device, at least to solve prior art In breathing exercising device the less technical problem of exercise intensity.

To achieve these goals, according to the present invention, there is provided a kind of respiratory training device, including: Air blowing portion;Stage pneumatic portion, there is air inlet and gas outlet, first order pneumatic department per one-level pneumatic department Air inlet be connected with air blowing portion, the gas outlet of previous stage pneumatic department and the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department Connection;Wherein, it is used to apply the air-flow entered by air inlet the stream with air-flow per one-level pneumatic department To opposite effect power, and air-flow is set to be discharged by gas outlet when the pressure of air-flow reaches setting value.

Further, pneumatic department includes:Cylinder;Piston, be slidably disposed in cylinder and with cylinder The inner wall sealing of body;Elastomeric element, along cylinder axis direction set, the first end of elastomeric element with Cylinder is fixedly connected, and the second end of elastomeric element is connected with piston;Wherein, elastomeric element is in freely During extended configuration, piston is in the first predeterminated position of cylinder by the air-flow between air inlet and gas outlet Path disconnects, by air inlet when piston moves to the second predeterminated position in the presence of the air-flow of air inlet Current path connection between gas outlet.

Further, gas outlet is arranged in the side wall of cylinder, and in the movement travel in piston, When piston is in the first predeterminated position, air inlet and gas outlet are located at the both sides of piston, and piston is in the During two predeterminated positions, air inlet and gas outlet are located at the same side of piston.

Further, the first regulating member is provided with cylinder, the first end of elastomeric element is adjusted with first Part connection is saved, the first regulating member is used to pass through motion row of the adjustable elastic parts piston in cylinder Journey.

Further, the first regulating member includes:Regulation cock, the head end of regulation cock have external screw thread, Wherein, there is the internal thread matched with the external screw thread on regulation cock, regulation cock passes through on the inwall of cylinder The internal thread of external screw thread and cylinder is spirally connected so as to be moved along the axis direction of cylinder;Determine core, be located at The head end of regulation cock is simultaneously rotatably coupled with regulation cock, wherein, the first end of elastomeric element is with determining core Connection.

Further, the gas outlet of previous stage pneumatic department and the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department pass through threeway Valve connects.

Further, respiratory training device also includes:Second regulating member, it is pneumatic to be arranged on the first order At the air inlet in portion, the aperture size of the air inlet for adjusting first order pneumatic department.

Further, respiratory training device also includes:Pressure sensor, it is arranged on first order pneumatic department Air inlet at, the air pressure at air inlet for monitoring first order pneumatic department.

Further, respiratory training device also includes:Processor, it is connected, is used for pressure sensor Record and show the air pressure at the air inlet of first order pneumatic department.

Further, air blowing portion is removably connected with first order pneumatic department, has funnel in air blowing portion The blowing nozzle of shape.

Using the respiratory training device of technical solution of the present invention, by setting air blowing portion and stage pneumatic portion, There is air inlet and gas outlet per one-level pneumatic department, the air inlet of first order pneumatic department is connected with air blowing portion, The gas outlet of previous stage pneumatic department is connected with the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department;Wherein, it is pneumatic per one-level Portion is used to apply the air-flow entered by air inlet flows to opposite effect power with air-flow, and in gas The pressure of stream makes air-flow be discharged by gas outlet when reaching setting value, so that patient is in respiratory training, Exercise intensity strengthens step by step, meets the respiratory training demand of different patients, solves of the prior art The less technical problem of exercise intensity of breathing exercising device.

Brief description of the drawings

Accompanying drawing described herein is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, forms the one of the application Part, schematic description and description of the invention are used to explain the present invention, not formed to this hair Bright improper restriction.In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is optional a kind of structural representation of respiratory training device according to embodiments of the present invention.

Wherein, marked in the accompanying drawings including the following drawings:

1st, air blowing portion;2nd, pneumatic department;21st, cylinder;22nd, piston;23rd, elastomeric element;3、 First regulating member;31st, regulation cock;32nd, core is determined;4th, triple valve;5th, the second regulating member; 6th, pressure sensor;7th, processor;8th, liquid-jet device;81st, liquid interface is entered.

Embodiment

In order that those skilled in the art more fully understand the present invention program, below in conjunction with the present invention Accompanying drawing in embodiment, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, Obviously, described embodiment only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole implementation Example.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making creative work Under the premise of the every other embodiment that is obtained, should all belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

Respiratory training device according to embodiments of the present invention, as shown in figure 1, including:The He of air blowing portion 1 Stage pneumatic portion 2;There is air inlet and gas outlet per one-level pneumatic department 2, first order pneumatic department 2 Air inlet is connected with air blowing portion 1, the gas outlet of previous stage pneumatic department 2 and entering for rear stage pneumatic department 2 Gas port connects;Wherein, it is used for per one-level pneumatic department 2 to the air-flow application entered by air inlet and gas Stream flows to opposite effect power, and air-flow is arranged by gas outlet when the pressure of air-flow reaches setting value Go out.

Using the respiratory training device of technical solution of the present invention, by setting air blowing portion 1 and stage pneumatic Portion 2, has air inlet and gas outlet per one-level pneumatic department 2, the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2 and Air blowing portion 1 is connected, and the gas outlet of previous stage pneumatic department 2 is connected with the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department 2; Wherein, it is used to applying the air-flow entered by air inlet per one-level pneumatic department 2 and flows to phase with air-flow Anti- active force, and air-flow is discharged by gas outlet when the pressure of air-flow reaches setting value, so that In respiratory training, exercise intensity strengthens patient step by step, meets the respiratory training demand of different patients, Solves the less technical problem of exercise intensity of breathing exercising device of the prior art

When it is implemented, pneumatic department 2 includes:Cylinder 21, piston 22 and elastomeric element 23;Piston 22 are slidably disposed in cylinder 21 and are sealed between the inwall of cylinder 21;Alternatively, it is elastic Part 23 uses spring, and axis direction of the elastomeric element 23 along cylinder 21 is set, elastomeric element 23 First end be fixedly connected with cylinder 21, the second end of elastomeric element 23 is connected with piston 22, living Plug 22 is relative with the air inlet of pneumatic department 2, and the gas outlet of pneumatic department 2 is arranged on the side wall of cylinder 21 On, and in the movement travel in piston 22, in the case where air inlet does not have charge air flow, bullet Property part 23 be in free extended configuration, now, piston 22 is in the first default position of cylinder 21 Put, i.e., disconnect the current path between air inlet and gas outlet between air inlet and gas outlet, When user starts respiratory training using respiratory training device, air-flow is entered by air blowing portion 1, and is led to Cross air inlet to act on piston 22, piston 22 overcomes elastic portion in the presence of the air-flow of air inlet The resistance of part 23 moves towards the direction of gas outlet, when the air pressure of air blowing is more than setting value, piston 22 The position for crossing gas outlet moves to the second predeterminated position, and now, air inlet and gas outlet are located at piston 22 the same side, so that the current path connection between air inlet and gas outlet, air-flow is by gas outlet Into in the pneumatic department 2 of next stage, identical process is repeated, so as to increase the intensity of respiratory training.

For the demand according to different patients, it is capable of the intensity of flexible modulation respiratory training, in cylinder 21 On be provided with the first regulating member 3 and be used for movement travel of the regulating piston 22 in cylinder 21, first Regulating member 3 includes:Regulation cock 31 and determine core 32, the head end of regulation cock 31 has external screw thread, cylinder There is the internal thread matched with the external screw thread on regulation cock 31, regulation cock 31 leads on the inwall of body 21 The internal thread for crossing external screw thread and cylinder 21 is spirally connected, and can make regulation cock 31 by rotating regulation cock 31 Moved along the axis direction of cylinder 21;Determine the head end that core 32 is located at regulation cock 31, determine core 32 with adjusting Connected between section bolt 31 by rotating shaft, so that regulation cock 31 can rotate relative to core 32 is determined, bullet Property part 23 first end be fixedly connected with determining core 32, rotate regulation cock 31 when, determine core 32 only with Axial movement of the regulation cock 31 along cylinder 21, without around circumferentially rotating, so as to which elastic portion will not be made Part 23 distorts, and determines when core 32 is axially moveable by the regulating piston 22 of elastomeric element 23 in cylinder 21 Interior position, piston 22 is more remote apart from the position of gas outlet, and piston 22 needs to move bigger stroke The position of gas outlet can just be crossed so as to which the current path between air inlet and gas outlet be opened, and then It is also bigger to the decrement of elastomeric element 23, reach the purpose of increase respiratory training intensity;Conversely, Piston 22 is nearer apart from the position of gas outlet, and piston 22 only needs to move less stroke and can crossed The current path between air inlet and gas outlet is opened in the position of gas outlet, therefore, to elastomeric element 23 decrement is also relatively small, so as to reach the purpose for reducing respiratory training intensity.

Respiratory training intensity except adjusting every one-level pneumatic department 2 by the first regulating member 3, in addition, Regulation to respiratory training intensity can also be realized by the series for controlling pneumatic department 2 to work, specifically, It is provided with triple valve 4 between adjacent two-stage pneumatic portion 2, triple valve 4 has first port, the Two-port netwerk and the 3rd port, wherein, first port is connected with the gas outlet of previous stage pneumatic department 2, the Two-port netwerk is connected with the air inlet of rear stage pneumatic department 2, and the 3rd port is exhaust outlet, if necessary under One-level pneumatic department 2 works, i.e., turns on the first port of triple valve 4 and second port, the 3rd port Close, the air-flow of previous stage pneumatic department 2 is flowed into rear stage pneumatic department 2, if under not needing One-level pneumatic department 2 works, i.e., turns on the first port of triple valve 4 and the 3rd port, second port Close, the air-flow of previous stage pneumatic department 2 is expelled directly out, worked by flexible modulation pneumatic department 2 Series can realize the intensity for increasing and reducing respiratory training step by step.

Triple valve 4 between adjacent two-stage pneumatic portion 2 is with being connected pneumatic department 2 using detachable Connection, so as to which when not in use, pneumatic departments 2 at different levels can be taken apart, convenient for collecting and carrying.

Changeover portion of the " u "-shaped pipe as air-flow, energy are provided between two adjacent pneumatic departments 2 Enough change orientation between each pneumatic department 2, reach section space-efficient purpose, meanwhile, " u "-shaped Pipe can make air current flow more smooth.

In addition, in order to realize the further regulation to respiratory training intensity, in first order pneumatic department 2 The second regulating member 5 is additionally provided with air inlet, it is pneumatic that the second regulating member 5 can adjust the first order The aperture size of the air inlet in portion 2, realize that respiratory training is strong so as to produce inhibition to charge air flow The regulation of degree.

In order to which the respiratory training process to user is effectively monitored, it is easy to analyze and records use The effect of the respiratory training of person, pressure sensor 6 is provided with the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2 With processor 7, each pneumatic department 2 is interconnected in the course of work, thus be everywhere it is isobaric, Pressure during respiratory training in whole respiratory training device everywhere can be obtained by pressure sensor 6 Force data;Pressure sensor 6 is connected with processor 7, the pressure data that will be monitored in the course of work Processor 7 is sent in real time, pressure data can be shown by being above provided with display screen, convenient to suffer from Person directly observes the effect of respiratory training;Also there is memory in processor 7, processor can be passed through Name, numbering and other data messages of input input through keyboard user on 7 are filed for user, In memory, the pressure data of the respiratory training of each user also can be with user for the data storage Name it is corresponding with numbering storage, facilitate medical personnel later transfer analysis, so as to be user it is long-term Supported using the data for providing basis.

Because the personnel that respiratory training device uses within the hospital are frequent, in order to avoid causing cross-infection, Health is kept, it is detachable setting to blow afloat portion 1, and the place that carries out disinfection can be pulled down after having used every time Reason, or air blowing portion 1 are directly disposable, and the air blowing portion 1 directly more renewed is pulled down after use, There is funnel shaped blowing nozzle in air blowing portion 1, user can be easy to be blown.

Respiratory training device after used a period of time, can exist a large amount of in the body of pneumatic department 2 Bacterium, in order to which periodically pneumatic department 2 is carried out disinfection and cleaned, in the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2 Liquid-jet device 8 is additionally provided with mouthful, there is the air inlet towards first order pneumatic department 2 on liquid-jet device 8 The spray hole in intraoral portion, be provided with liquid-jet device 8 and enter liquid interface 81, enter liquid interface 81 with it is clear Wash equipment connection, cleaning equipment by entering liquid interface 81 by thimerosal pressurized delivered to liquid-jet device 8, And be sprayed onto by the spray hole on liquid-jet device 8 at the air inlet of first order pneumatic department 2, cleaning During, the infundibulate blowing nozzle in air blowing portion 1 is pulled down, the thimerosal after cleaning is by air blowing portion 1 Place's outflow.

It the above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the common of the art For technical staff, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvement and profit can also be made Decorations, these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. respiratory training device, it is characterised in that including:
    Air blowing portion;
    Stage pneumatic portion, pneumatic department described in per one-level have air inlet and gas outlet, first order institute The air inlet for stating pneumatic department is connected with the air blowing portion, pneumatic department described in previous stage it is described Gas outlet is connected with the air inlet of pneumatic department described in rear stage;
    Wherein, pneumatic department described in every one-level is used to apply the air-flow entered by the air inlet Opposite effect power is flowed to the air-flow, and when the pressure of the air-flow reaches setting value Air-flow is set to be discharged by the gas outlet.
  2. 2. respiratory training device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the pneumatic department includes:
    Cylinder;
    Piston, be slidably disposed in the cylinder and with the inner wall sealing of the cylinder;
    Elastomeric element, set along the axis direction of the cylinder, the first end of the elastomeric element It is fixedly connected with the cylinder, the second end of the elastomeric element is connected with the piston;
    Wherein, when the elastomeric element is in free extended configuration, the piston is in the cylinder First predeterminated position of body disconnects the current path between the air inlet and the gas outlet, When the piston moves to the second predeterminated position in the presence of the air-flow of the air inlet by described in Current path connection between air inlet and the gas outlet.
  3. 3. respiratory training device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the gas outlet is set In the side wall of the cylinder, and in the movement travel in the piston, the piston is in During first predeterminated position, the air inlet and the gas outlet are located at the both sides of the piston, When the piston is in second predeterminated position, the air inlet and the gas outlet are located at institute State the same side of piston.
  4. 4. respiratory training device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that set on the cylinder There is the first regulating member, the first end of the elastomeric element is connected with first regulating member, First regulating member is used for by piston described in the adjustable elastic parts in the cylinder Movement travel.
  5. 5. respiratory training device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that first adjustment portion Part includes:
    Regulation cock, the head end of the regulation cock have external screw thread, wherein, the inwall of the cylinder Upper to have the internal thread matched with the external screw thread on the regulation cock, the regulation cock passes through described The internal thread of external screw thread and the cylinder is spirally connected so as to be moved along the axis direction of the cylinder;
    Determine core, positioned at the regulation cock head end and be rotatably coupled with the regulation cock, its In, the first end of the elastomeric element is determined core and is connected with described.
  6. 6. respiratory training device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that pneumatic described in previous stage The gas outlet in portion is connected with the air inlet of pneumatic department described in rear stage by triple valve.
  7. 7. respiratory training device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the respiratory training dress Putting also includes:
    Second regulating member, it is arranged at the air inlet of the first order pneumatic department, for adjusting The aperture size of the air inlet of the first order pneumatic department.
  8. 8. respiratory training device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the respiratory training dress Putting also includes:
    Pressure sensor, it is arranged at the air inlet of the first order pneumatic department, for monitoring State the air pressure at the air inlet of first order pneumatic department.
  9. 9. respiratory training device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the respiratory training dress Putting also includes:
    Processor, it is connected with the pressure sensor, for recording and showing the first order gas Air pressure at the air inlet in dynamic portion.
  10. 10. respiratory training device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the air blowing portion and institute State first order pneumatic department removably to connect, there is funnel shaped blowing nozzle in the air blowing portion.
CN201610333445.0A 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Respiratory training device CN107398059B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610333445.0A CN107398059B (en) 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Respiratory training device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610333445.0A CN107398059B (en) 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Respiratory training device

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CN107398059A true CN107398059A (en) 2017-11-28
CN107398059B CN107398059B (en) 2019-03-05

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108056775A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-05-22 王玉光 A kind of Respiratory Medicine lung function physiotherapy equipment for health-recovery
CN110152253A (en) * 2019-05-18 2019-08-23 青岛大学附属医院 A kind of respiratory function exercise instrument of flute shape
CN110270063A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-09-24 河南科技大学第一附属医院 A kind of Cardiological respiratory training device and training method
CN110624218A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-12-31 安徽医科大学第一附属医院 Breathe internal medicine with pulmonary function trainer
CN111001136A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-14 费海涛 Breathe clinical pulmonary function rehabilitation training device of using of internal medicine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2278545A (en) * 1993-04-21 1994-12-07 Univ Loughborough Inspiratory muscle training device
CN203280979U (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-11-13 昆明市经开人民医院 Respiratory function trainer
CN204073291U (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-01-07 常海霞 A kind of intellectual breathing function workout trainer
CN204411611U (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-24 青岛市中心医院 A kind of occupational disease respiratory function recovery training appliance for recovery
CN204543425U (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-08-12 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 A kind of cigarette holder formula pulmonary function exerciser

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2278545A (en) * 1993-04-21 1994-12-07 Univ Loughborough Inspiratory muscle training device
CN203280979U (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-11-13 昆明市经开人民医院 Respiratory function trainer
CN204073291U (en) * 2014-09-17 2015-01-07 常海霞 A kind of intellectual breathing function workout trainer
CN204411611U (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-24 青岛市中心医院 A kind of occupational disease respiratory function recovery training appliance for recovery
CN204543425U (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-08-12 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 A kind of cigarette holder formula pulmonary function exerciser

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108056775A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-05-22 王玉光 A kind of Respiratory Medicine lung function physiotherapy equipment for health-recovery
CN110152253A (en) * 2019-05-18 2019-08-23 青岛大学附属医院 A kind of respiratory function exercise instrument of flute shape
CN110270063A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-09-24 河南科技大学第一附属医院 A kind of Cardiological respiratory training device and training method
CN110624218A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-12-31 安徽医科大学第一附属医院 Breathe internal medicine with pulmonary function trainer
CN110624218B (en) * 2019-09-24 2020-11-20 安徽医科大学第一附属医院 Breathe internal medicine with pulmonary function trainer
CN111001136A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-14 费海涛 Breathe clinical pulmonary function rehabilitation training device of using of internal medicine
CN111001136B (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-12-22 费海涛 Breathe clinical pulmonary function rehabilitation training device of using of internal medicine

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Inventor after: Zuo Xiuping

Inventor after: Zhang Jian

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