CN107396750A - Edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter - Google Patents

Edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107396750A
CN107396750A CN201710639807.3A CN201710639807A CN107396750A CN 107396750 A CN107396750 A CN 107396750A CN 201710639807 A CN201710639807 A CN 201710639807A CN 107396750 A CN107396750 A CN 107396750A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
cultivation
edible mushroom
energy
shelter
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710639807.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨小兵
陈秋颜
Original Assignee
广东省微生物研究所(广东省微生物分析检测中心)
广东省食用菌行业协会
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 广东省微生物研究所(广东省微生物分析检测中心), 广东省食用菌行业协会 filed Critical 广东省微生物研究所(广东省微生物分析检测中心)
Priority to CN201710639807.3A priority Critical patent/CN107396750A/en
Publication of CN107396750A publication Critical patent/CN107396750A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms

Abstract

Edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter, including square-cabin body, power module, temperature adjustment module, moisture adjustment module, Illumination adjusting module, ventilation parameters module, cultivation module, water supply module, control module;The inside of described square-cabin body is divided into the equipment section of relative closure, cultivation section, and described power module is used to provide power supply;Described temperature adjustment module is used to adjust the temperature in cultivation section;Described moisture adjustment module is used to adjust the humidity in cultivation section;Described ventilation parameters module is used for the air circulation for keeping cultivation section;Described water supply module is used to provide water source for cultivation module;Described control module is used to control power module, temperature adjustment module, moisture adjustment module, Illumination adjusting module, ventilation parameters module, water supply module to cultivate temperature in section, humidity, illumination, the parameter divulged information so as to control;Advantage is to use container to be moved easily transport for edible fungus culturing unit (cultivation cabin), can multiple-unit production.

Description

Edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter
Technical field
The present invention relates to domestic fungus cultivating equipment technical field, specially a kind of edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter.
Background technology
Edible mushroom is the macro fungi (also known as gill fungus bacterium) for being available for human consumption (including medicinal), generally can form large-scale meat Matter (or colloid, suberin) fructification or sclerotium class loading are edible or medicinal for people.
After the edible fungus culturing in China is mainly cultivated with batch production or side planning at present again unitizing transport it is each to the world Ground, but it is from far-off regions at some, because the inconvenience of its traffic, shortage farmland cause it is difficult to obtain the supplement of fresh food.Society now Popular self-centered life management mode can be also begun to, many leading food materials in restaurant plant the theory marketed one's own products and attract consumption certainly Person, blank also be present for the edible mushroom auxiliary type production facility of the demand.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is the shortcomings that overcoming above-mentioned existing production model, there is provided a kind of cultivating facility of edible mushroom, can Meet the field guard station, frontier defense campsite, islands and reefs garrison troops of army, mountain village among the people, island, desert residential area, the farm in city, food Wantonly, the small-scale edible mushroom fresh mushroom in the area such as Middle East desert country, tourism island is produced.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter, including square-cabin body, power module, temperature adjustment module, moisture adjustment module, light According to adjustment module, ventilation parameters module, cultivation module, water supply module, control module;The inside of described square-cabin body is divided into phase Equipment section, cultivation section to closing, described power module are used to provide power supply;Described temperature adjustment module is used to adjust Temperature in section cultivation section;Described moisture adjustment module is used to adjust the humidity in cultivation section;Described Illumination adjusting Module is used to provide light source to cultivation section;Described ventilation parameters module is used for the air circulation for keeping cultivation section;It is described Water supply module be used for for cultivate module water source is provided;Described control module be used for control power module, temperature adjustment module, Moisture adjustment module, Illumination adjusting module, ventilation parameters module, water supply module cultivate temperature, humidity, light in section so as to control According to, ventilation parameter;The inner side in described cultivation section is provided with heat-insulation layer, and its both sides is equipped with cultivation module, and centre forms behaviour Make passage.
As the improvement of such scheme, described cultivation module is stacked by multiple cultivation basket staggered floors and formed, described cultivation Basket long 50-70cm, wide 40-60cm, high 20-30cm, described cultivation module and the smallpox distance in cultivation section are 30-60cm, Using production cultivating in a fungus bag base in described cultivation basket.
As the improvement of such scheme, described power module includes being arranged on the photovoltaic at the top of square-cabin body Plate, the diesel-driven generator being arranged in equipment section, extraneous net electrical interface, energy storage battery group, voltage regulation function system;It is described too It is edible mushroom that positive energy photovoltaic panel, diesel-driven generator, extraneous net electrical interface connect through voltage regulation function system with energy storage battery group Energy-saving cultivation shelter provides power supply.
As the improvement of such scheme, described temperature adjustment module is included in the water source heat pump air-conditioner of equipment section installation With air cooling air conditioner integration coiler, water source heat pump system temperature control mode is used when possessing open water supply, it is natural not possessing Air-cooled air conditioning system temperature control mode is used during water source;Smallpox location mid-shaft in cultivation section is provided with the sky of temperature adjustment module Adjust evaporator, guide duct and multiple air-conditioner air outlets, the return air inlet for air-conditioner being arranged on guide duct.
As the improvement of such scheme, described water source heat pump air-conditioner source containing clear water, source of seawater, sewage source heat pump.
As the improvement of such scheme, described ventilation parameters module is the described wind-guiding of heat exchange fresh air ventilator connection Pipe leads to cultivation section internal air stream.
As the improvement of such scheme, described Illumination adjusting module is LED, and described LED is arranged on cultivation Train the top inside section
As the improvement of such scheme, described moisture adjustment module is supersonic atomizing humidifier, and its atomization quantity is 1-3 Liter/min, described supersonic atomizing humidifier is arranged on described operating walk way side.
As the improvement of such scheme, described water supply module include 50-100 rise fresh water ball float storage tank, water filter, Pipeline;Water source is stored in storage tank and passes through water filter, pipeline to moisture adjustment module.
As the improvement of such scheme, controlling and cultivating temperature is at 15-30 DEG C, space relative humidity 75-90%, illuminance 50-500lux, gas concentration lwevel are less than 800ppm.
The invention has the advantages that:
1. use container to be moved easily transport for edible fungus culturing unit (cultivation cabin), can multiple-unit production.
2. using plant produced cultivating in a fungus bag base, the technology pattern of cabin fruiting, the fresh mushroom day by taking 20 Foot containers as an example are cultivated Production capacity 30-50kg (different because of kind).
3. with energy-conservation fresh-water-saving effect.Surveyed according to edible fungus culturing, in the case of no net electricity, fine day is basic Above by solar powered with regard to production requirement can be met.Water source heat pump air-conditioner controlling and cultivating cabin temperature than common air-conditioning economize on electricity 50% with On.The every 24 hours consumption fresh water of humidification operation in each cultivation cabin is less than 10 liters.It is scarce light to be very suitable at sea islands and reefs, desert etc. The area use of water short of electricity.
4. substitute net electricity energy supply in fine day available solar energy photovoltaic generation;Conventional air-conditioning is substituted using water source heat pump air-conditioner; Directly divulged information using heat exchange fresh-air ventilation equipment replacement;Fluorescent tube illumination is substituted using LED illumination.Realize the technology of energy-conservation Technique.Practical effect saves 30-50% (depending on season and weather condition) than the conventional production process of control
5. shower humidification is substituted using ultrasonic atomization humidification.Realize the technical matters of fresh-water-saving.Practical effect Than the conventional production process fresh-water-saving more than 50% of control.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the equipment section side view of the edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the cultivation section side view of the edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:Square-cabin body 1, power module 2, temperature adjustment module 3, moisture adjustment module 4, Illumination adjusting Module 5, ventilation parameters module 6, cultivation module 7, water supply module 8, control module 9, equipment section 10, cultivation section 11, insulation Layer 12, operating walk way 13, cultivation basket 14, solar energy photovoltaic panel 15, diesel-driven generator 16, extraneous net electrical interface 17, energy storage battery Group 18, voltage regulation function system 19, A/C evaporator 20, guide duct 21, air-conditioner air outlet 22, return air inlet for air-conditioner 23, storage tank 24, Water filter 25, pipeline 26.
Embodiment
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter, including square-cabin body 1, power module 2, temperature adjustment mould Block 3, moisture adjustment module 4, Illumination adjusting module 5, ventilation parameters module 6, cultivation module 7, water supply module 8, control module 9; The inside of described square-cabin body 1 is divided into the equipment section 10 of relative closure, cultivation section 11, and described power module 2 is used for Power supply is provided;Described temperature adjustment module 3 is used to adjust the temperature in cultivation section 11;Described moisture adjustment module 4 is used Humidity in regulation cultivation section 11;Described Illumination adjusting module 5 is used to provide light source to cultivation section 11;Described is logical Wind adjustment module 6 is used for the air circulation for keeping cultivation section 11;Described water supply module 8 is used to provide water for cultivation module 7 Source;Described control module 9 is used to control power module 2, temperature adjustment module 3, moisture adjustment module 4, Illumination adjusting module 5th, ventilation parameters module 6, water supply module 8 cultivate temperature in section 11, humidity, illumination, the parameter divulged information so as to control;Described The inner side in cultivation section 11 is provided with heat-insulation layer 12, and its both sides is equipped with cultivation module 7, and centre forms operating walk way 13.Described Cultivation module 7 is stacked by multiple staggered floors of cultivation basket 14 and formed, described cultivation basket 14 long 50-70cm, wide 40-60cm, high 20- The smallpox distance in 30cm, described cultivation module 7 and cultivation section 11 is 30-60cm, and production is used in described cultivation basket 14 Cultivating in a fungus bag base.Described power module 2 includes being arranged on the solar energy photovoltaic panel 15 at the top of square-cabin body 1, is arranged on equipment Diesel-driven generator 16, extraneous net electrical interface 17 in section 10, energy storage battery group 18, voltage regulation function system 19;The described sun Energy photovoltaic panel 15, diesel-driven generator 16, extraneous net electrical interface 17 connect through voltage regulation function system 19 with energy storage battery group 18 Power supply is provided for edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter.Described temperature adjustment module 3 includes water source heat pump air conditioning system and air-cooled sky Integrated coiler is adjusted, water resource heat pump temperature control mode is used when possessing open water supply, wind is used when not possessing open water supply Cold air-conditioning temperature control mode;Smallpox location mid-shaft in cultivation section 11 is provided with the A/C evaporator 20 of temperature adjustment module 3, led Airduct 21 and the multiple air-conditioner air outlets 22 being arranged on guide duct 21, return air inlet for air-conditioner 23.Described ventilation parameters module 6 is The described guide duct 21 of heat exchange fresh air ventilator connection makes the inner air circulation of cultivation section 11.Described Illumination adjusting module 5 be LED, and the moisture adjustment module 4 that described LED is arranged on described in the top inside cultivation section 11 is ultrasound Ripple atomizing humidifier, its atomization quantity are 1-3 liters/min, and described supersonic atomizing humidifier is arranged on described operating walk way 13 sides.Described water supply module 8 includes fresh water ball float storage tank 24, water filter 25, the pipeline 26 that 50-100 rises;Deposit at water source Moisture adjustment module 4 is transported to by water filter 25, pipeline 26 in storage tank 24.Controlling and cultivating temperature is at 15-30 DEG C, space phase To humidity 75-90%, illuminance 50-500lux, gas concentration lwevel is less than 800ppm.
Above-listed detailed description is illustrating for possible embodiments of the present invention, and the embodiment simultaneously is not used to limit this hair Bright the scope of the claims, all equivalence enforcements or change without departing from carried out by the present invention, it is intended to be limited solely by the scope of the claims of this case.

Claims (10)

1. edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter, it is characterised in that adjusted including square-cabin body, power module, temperature adjustment module, humidity Save module, Illumination adjusting module, ventilation parameters module, cultivation module, water supply module, control module;Described square-cabin body Inside is divided into the equipment section of relative closure, cultivation section, and described power module is used to provide power supply;Described temperature adjustment Module is used to adjust the temperature in cultivation section;Described moisture adjustment module is used to adjust the humidity in cultivation section;It is described Illumination adjusting module be used to provide appropriate illumination to cultivation section;Described ventilation parameters module is used to keep cultivation section Air circulation;Described water supply module is used to provide water source for humidity regulation;Described control module be used for control power module, Temperature adjustment module, moisture adjustment module, Illumination adjusting module, ventilation parameters module, water supply module cultivate section so as to control Interior temperature, humidity, illumination, the parameter of ventilation;The inner side in described cultivation section is provided with heat-insulation layer, and cultivation section both sides are equipped with Module is cultivated, centre forms operating walk way.
2. edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described cultivation module is by multiple cultivations Train basket staggered floor and stack composition, described cultivation basket long 50-70cm, wide 40-60cm, high 20-30cm, described cultivation module is with planting The smallpox distance for training section is 30-60cm, and cultivating in a fungus bag base is used in described cultivation basket.
3. edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described power module includes installation Solar energy photovoltaic panel at the top of square-cabin body, the diesel-driven generator being arranged in equipment section, extraneous net electrical interface, accumulation of energy electricity Pond group, voltage regulation function system;Described solar energy photovoltaic panel, diesel-driven generator, extraneous net electrical interface connect with energy storage battery group Connect pressure regulation function system and provide power supply for edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter.
4. edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described temperature adjustment module includes In the water source heat pump air-conditioner and air cooling air conditioner integration coiler of the installation of equipment section, water source heat is used when possessing open water supply Pump temperature control mode, air cooling air conditioner temperature control mode is used when not possessing open water supply;Smallpox location mid-shaft peace in cultivation section A/C evaporator, guide duct equipped with temperature adjustment module and multiple air-conditioner air outlets, the air-conditioning return air being arranged on guide duct Mouthful.
5. edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described water source heat pump air-conditioner is containing clear Water source, source of seawater, sewage source heat pump.
6. edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described ventilation parameters module is heat Exchanging the described guide duct of fresh air ventilator connection leads to cultivation section internal air stream.
7. edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Illumination adjusting module is LED, described LED are arranged on the top inside cultivation section.
8. edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described moisture adjustment module is super Sound wave atomizing humidifier, its atomization quantity are 1-3 liters/min, and described supersonic atomizing humidifier is arranged on described operation and led to Road side.
9. edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described water supply module includes 50- 100 liters of fresh water ball float storage tank, water filter, pipeline;Water source is stored in storage tank to be adjusted by water filter, pipeline to humidity Save module.
10. the edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter according to any one of claim 1 to 9, it is characterised in that controlling and cultivating temperature At 15-30 DEG C, space relative humidity 75-90%, illuminance 50-500lux, gas concentration lwevel is less than 800ppm.
CN201710639807.3A 2017-07-31 2017-07-31 Edible mushroom energy-saving cultivation shelter CN107396750A (en)

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CN108887094A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-27 佛山市顺德区唯点工业设计有限公司 It is a kind of to cultivate rack device for the mobile of black fungus rich in selenium

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108887094A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-27 佛山市顺德区唯点工业设计有限公司 It is a kind of to cultivate rack device for the mobile of black fungus rich in selenium

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