CN106234077A - That can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse - Google Patents

That can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106234077A
CN106234077A CN201610567948.4A CN201610567948A CN106234077A CN 106234077 A CN106234077 A CN 106234077A CN 201610567948 A CN201610567948 A CN 201610567948A CN 106234077 A CN106234077 A CN 106234077A
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
printing opacity
photovoltaic
sun
heliogreenhouse
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CN201610567948.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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吕怀民
吕屾
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吕怀民
吕屾
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Priority to CN201610567948.4A priority Critical patent/CN106234077A/en
Publication of CN106234077A publication Critical patent/CN106234077A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/243Collecting solar energy
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/042PV modules or arrays of single PV cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The present invention relates to the engineerings such as solar energy, agricultural, biofermentation, fresh water manufacture.It includes heliogreenhouse or booth (1), photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40);It is characterized in that: heliogreenhouse or booth (1) or photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) or photovoltaic cell (41) also include plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50);Its plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), among transparent roof (1.1), heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), under heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), within heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), printing opacity flooring (1.4), ground.Thus, the photovoltaic cell (41) of heliogreenhouse or booth (1) be can not keep the sun off and light quantity variable.Therefore, when needing in a large number, biology can obtain the direct irradiation of sunlight of 100%;Within At All Other Times, the sun light quantity entering heliogreenhouse or booth (1) is variable, with the amount of sunlight that satisfied biological needs are different.The normal development growth of biology is no longer affected from this photovoltaic cell (41).

Description

That can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse
Technical field
The present invention relates to energy project, agriculture project, biological fermentation engineering, the technical field of fresh water manufacturing engineering, especially It is the engineering skills such as photovoltaic generation, solar chimney power generation, optically focused generating, wind-power electricity generation, the exploitation of high-altitude cold energy, agricultural greenhouse booth Art field.
Background technology
1, first, the sunlight amount needed is varied in size by each biology;Secondly, same is biological not The sunlight amount needed also is varied in size by same trophophase.Owing to the photovoltaic panel of existing photovoltaic greenhouse is Fix, so the sunlight direct irradiation amount in photovoltaic greenhouse is also changeless.Sunlight has directly been blocked due to it, Biology need substantial amounts of, even need whole sunlight direct irradiation trophophase time, result can not provide substantial amounts of, even The sunlight direct irradiation amount of 100%, and then leverage the development growth of biology.2, existing photovoltaic generation, optically focused generating, Wind generating technology function singleness, cost is high.3, existing agricultural remains and lives at the mercy of the elements.Solve mankind's grain and a food difficult problem Fundamental solution be agriculture in greenhouse (or be called factory farming, modern agriculture, artificial environment agricultural).4, the existing sun The thermal efficiency of energy hot wind power generation technology is low, function singleness.5, the hot blast temperature of existing heliogreenhouse is less than 60 DEG C, if steam Stream temperature reaches 100-500 DEG C, and solar chimney power generation efficiency can improve more than ten times, and optoelectronic transformation efficiency reaches more than 8%.6、 The temperature of existing installation for fermenting is low, and volume is little, and cost is high.7, the novel heat-insulation heat-collecting heat-preserving material of high performance-price ratio is not used Material aeroge, vacuum glass.8, high null resource is not made full use of.Such as upper air temperature is lower tens degree than ground, does not has Utilize the low temperature resource in high-altitude, lower the temperature, freeze, desalinize seawater.The wind speed in such as high-altitude is higher 1-3 times than ground.9, do not have The engineerings such as agricultural, the energy, environmental conservation are carried out system engineeringIntegrated innovation;" 1+1 > 2 ", " entirety according to system engineering More than part and " principle estimates shared integrated benefit, can the new forms of energy of single industrical mode, the construction investment of new agricultural and Production cost reduces 40-80%.10, therefore, be badly in need of finding a kind of cheap, clean and enrich the energy, agricultural, the green of environmental protection Ecological cogeneration mode.
Technology contents
The purpose of the present invention, it is simply that in order to overcome above-mentioned existing shortcoming, it is provided that a kind of that can not keep the sun off and light quantity can The photovoltaic greenhouse become.The purpose of the present invention can reach by taking following measure.
Content 1.
Can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity includes heliogreenhouse or booth (1), photovoltaic is sent out Electric installation (40);Wherein heliogreenhouse or booth (1) include following at least one of which kind component, transparent roof (1.1), thoroughly Light flooring (1.4);Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) includes photovoltaic cell (41);It is characterized in that:
Plate face attitudes vibration regulation device is also included in following at least one of which kind device or component or parts (50), heliogreenhouse or booth (1), photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), photovoltaic cell (41);
Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) or photovoltaic cell (41) or plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) be arranged on following its At least one of plant position: on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), transparent roof (1.1), heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) among, under heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), within heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), printing opacity flooring (1.4), Face.
Different biologies, in each growth stage of whole life cycle, required sunlight direct irradiation amount is to have Dramatic difference, far from it.Sometimes for sunlight direct irradiation amount many, it is sometimes desirable to sunlight direct irradiation amount few.And And, the different periods among a year, among the season, among January, among a day, is also the most unequal, far from it, poor Different greatly.
Owing to being provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50), for different biological each different growth steps Section, each grow the period, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) can be adjusted the attitude of photovoltaic cell (41) plate automatically Whole control, to best angle, makes sunlight direct irradiation amount meet the optimum demand that biology needs.Both few, the most much.And then The normal sexual development growth of biology is greatly facilitated.This photovoltaic panel the most effectively overcoming existing photovoltaic green-house is fixing pattern Many fatal defects of bringing, it is to avoid biological defective growth.
Owing to being provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50), produce following 3 beneficial effects.1., when needing at biology During the sunlight direct irradiation period substantial amounts of, that even need 100%, the sea level changes of photovoltaic cell (41) is penetrated to sunlight Attitude that line is parallel or connect subparallel attitude.At this moment photovoltaic cell (41) plane attitude will will not hide to greatest extent Light of keeping off the sunshine irradiates biology, makes biology obtain sunlight to greatest extent and irradiates, fast-growth.2., general biology, needs are too Amount of sunlight only accounts for about the 7% of whole sunlight amount.So only can not keep the sun off is variable with light quantity In little part working time of photovoltaic greenhouse, needing photovoltaic cell (41) is not block sunlight.3., biology is worked as Biology need not substantial amounts of, even entirely without the sunlight direct irradiation period time, the sea level changes of photovoltaic cell (41) to Attitude that sunlight ray is vertical or subvertical attitude.At this moment photovoltaic cell (41) plane attitude will to greatest extent To block sunlight biological, make biology reduce sunlight to greatest extent and irradiate, beneficially normal growth is, or shady and cool raw Long.4., plate face attitude control system (50) be different from the tracking device of photovoltaic generating system, the function of its comparison-tracking device is many. Plate face attitude control system (50) had both had automatic tracing and had followed the tracks of the function blocking sunlight ray, also has automatic tracing and follows the tracks of The function of sunlight ray.5., when automatic tracing follows the tracks of sunlight ray, plate face attitude control system (50) makes photovoltaic generation The plane of device (40) or negative camber are arranged to degree in a vertical angle with sunray or close to vertical angle in angle;So The shortwave radiation energy of the sun can be absorbed with amplitude peak.Therefore, plate face attitude control system (50) can with automatic tracing with Track sunlight ray, within most of working time of that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse, plate face Attitude control system (50) is equivalent to the automatic tracing of a sunlight ray and follows the tracks of device.
Owing to being provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50), result greatly reduces the kind of photovoltaic greenhouse, Greatly reduce construction cost.Because, for different types of biology, it is desirable to have build many kinds, different types of, photovoltaic panel It is that fixing photovoltaic greenhouse carrys out corresponding construction.Result causes construction cost the highest.Now, owing to being provided with plate face appearance State change regulation device (50), only has only to a kind of that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse, so that it may To be applicable to various different types of biology.Owing to greatly reducing the kind of photovoltaic greenhouse, greatly reduce and be built into This.
The purpose of the present invention can also reach by taking following measure.
Content 2.
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 1, it is characterised in that:
Plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) adjusts control photovoltaic cell (41) attitudes vibration amplitude: at photovoltaic cell (41) face and sunlight ray parallel orientation to photovoltaic cell (41) face and sunlight ray perpendicular attitude these 2 kinds of attitudes it Between;Or it is that 0 ° of attitude is pressed from both sides to photovoltaic cell (41) face with sunlight ray with sunlight ray angle in photovoltaic cell (41) face Angle is between these 2 kinds of attitudes of 90 ° of attitudes;
Plate face attitude control system (50) adjusts control photovoltaic cell (41) plate face attitude automatic tracing tracking sunlight and penetrates Line, its photovoltaic cell (41) plate face attitude includes following at least one of which kind, photovoltaic cell (41) face attitude be perpendicular to or Person is approximately perpendicular to sunlight ray, photovoltaic cell (41) face attitude is parallel to or is approximately parallel to sunlight ray, photovoltaic Battery (41) face attitude is tiltedly for sunlight ray.
Owing to sunlight ray can be followed the tracks of with automatic tracing in plate face attitude control system (50), it is equivalent to a sun Optrack;When employing chases after automatic tracing tracking sunlight ray, the plane of photovoltaic cell (41) or negative camber is made to be arranged to Degree in a vertical angle with sunray or close to vertical angle;So can absorb the shortwave radiation energy of the sun with amplitude peak.
Content 3.
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 1, it is characterised in that:
Plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) and following at least one of which kind device or component or parts are connected: daylight Greenhouse or booth (1), transparent roof (1.1), printing opacity flooring (1.4), photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), photovoltaic cell (41) upper Portion, the middle part of photovoltaic cell (41), the bottom of photovoltaic cell (41), the sidepiece of photovoltaic cell (41), ground;
Wherein, the plate face of photovoltaic cell (41) is plane or curved;
The attitude control methods in plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) include following at least one of which kind, one-dimensional list Axle pose adjustment formula, two dimension twin shaft pose adjustment formula, three-dimensional 3 axle pose adjustment formulas;
The adjusted and controlled form in plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) includes following at least one of which kind, post rotating plate Facial (51), hang rotating plate facial (52);
The regulating and controlling mechanism in plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) includes following at least one of which kind, mechanical regulation machine Structure (56), hydraulic regulating mechanism, electrical equipment regulating and controlling mechanism, magnetic force regulating and controlling mechanism.
Content 4.
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 1, it is characterised in that:
Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) also includes following at least one of which kind parts: underframe (42), condenser system (43), Cooling system (44), light transmitting shell (45), supporting mechanism (46), suspension gear (47), load governor, accumulator, inverter;
Photovoltaic cell (41) can be arranged to one side or multiaspect;When photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged to multiaspect, from vertical view Angle is seen, the photovoltaic cell (41) of multiaspect or and transparent roof (1.1) or printing opacity flooring (1.4) be arranged to a bar staggered or Person's layout is staggered;Permeation parts sunlight;This method can allow to amplitude peak bottom compartment interior collection heat space (9) or ground inhale Receive more sunlight, increase the light income of crops;
Photovoltaic cell (41) in height can be arranged to monolayer or multilamellar;It is arranged to multilamellar at photovoltaic cell (41) Time, in terms of depression angle, the photovoltaic cell (41) of levels is arranged to a bar is staggered or layout is staggered;The most also may be used Allow collect heat space (9) or ground absorption in bottom compartment to more sunlight, the light income of increase crops with amplitude peak;
Its photovoltaic cell (41) is equivalent to the thermal-arrest surface layer in solar energy vacuum tube heat collector, flat plate collector;Due to light Volt battery (41) can absorb the shortwave radiation energy of the sun of more than 90%, so the biggest portion absorbed by photovoltaic cell (41) Dividing solar shortwave radiation can be transformed into long-wave radiation can be again to external radiation;Due to long-wave radiation can again to external radiation time heating Surrounding air (30) in indoor collection heat space (9), makes surrounding air (30) become hot-air, forms hot air flow (31).
Its photovoltaic cell (41) is equivalent to the thermal-arrest surface layer in solar energy vacuum tube heat collector, flat plate collector;It is permissible Absorb the shortwave radiation energy of the sun of more than 90%, but it is direct for the solar shortwave radiation energy 8%-20% therein absorbed After transforming into electric energy, the solar shortwave radiation of remaining absorption can be transformed into long-wave radiation again can be to external radiation;Due to length Wave radiation can heated the surrounding air (30) in indoor collection heat space (9) again when external radiation, makes surrounding air (30) become Hot-air, forms hot air flow (31).So, photovoltaic cell (41) is also a kind of heat-absorbing material of good performance.
Content 5.
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 1, it is characterised in that:
Can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity is arranged on one of them position following: on ground, On mountain, on building (28), on groups of building, on the water surface, on sea;Its flat shape include following one or more: rectangle, Square, circular, polygon;
Among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1):
Its heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) also include following at least one of which kind parts: printing opacity wall face (1.2), support system (1.3), printing opacity flooring (1.4), printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5), air inlet (1.6), gas outlet (1.7), on QI KOU (1.8), printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9);
The height of its heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) is between 1.5-150 rice;Its heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) Diameter or the length of side between 0.05-20 kilometer;
Its support system (1.3) carries transparent roof (1.1), and transparent roof (1.1) covers lower space and defines room Interior collection heat space (9);Wherein air inlet (1.6) the UNICOM exterior space and indoor collection heat space (9);
Its transparent roof (1.1) or printing opacity wall face (1.2) or printing opacity flooring (1.4) or printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) or thoroughly Light thermal insulation layer (1.9) includes following at least one of which kind parts: rigid light transmissive material (21), soft light material (22); Support system therein (1.3) includes following at least one of which kind: support pylon (1.3.1), support beam frame (1.3.2); Air inlet therein (1.6) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or the outer edge position of sun light green house (1);
Its printing opacity flooring (1.4) is disposed in the interior the top in collection heat space (9) or middle part or bottom, printing opacity flooring (1.4) including one or more layers, printing opacity flooring (1.4) collects heat space (9) indoor and is separated into multilamellar, makes heliogreenhouse or day Light booth (1) is equivalent to a printing opacity accumulation of heat building;The bottom in its printing opacity accumulation of heat building is the agricultural greenhouse floor (9.1) of constant temperature and humidity, It it is the Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) having monolayer or multilamellar, temperature to be stepped up on agricultural greenhouse layer (9.1);Through too much Layer printing opacity flooring (1.4) thermal-arrest, extends the flow path of hot air flow (31), improves the temperature of hot air flow (31), Jin Erti High hot air flow (31) flow velocity, improves generating efficiency;
Its printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: transparent roof (1.1) and printing opacity flooring (1.4) between, between printing opacity flooring (1.4) and printing opacity flooring (1.4), between printing opacity flooring (1.4) and ground or the water surface, hot blast In zone of heating (9.2);Printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) is separated to form the hot air flow of helical form or polyline shaped Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) Road (9.3), the hot blast runner (9.3) of helical form or polyline shaped extends the flow path of hot air flow (31), improves hot air flow (31) temperature, and then improve the flow velocity of hot air flow (31), improve generating efficiency;UNICOM's heat is gone back in its gas outlet (1.7) Wind zone of heating (9.2) or hot blast runner (9.3);
Its printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: transparent roof (1.1), printing opacity exterior wall Face (1.2), printing opacity flooring (1.4), printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5), the upper and lower surface of transparent roof (1.1), printing opacity flooring (1.4) upper and lower surface, photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40);Printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) avoids indoor collection heat space (9) The outside distribution loss of heat, also improves the temperature of indoor collection heat space (9).
Content 6.
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 1, it is characterised in that:
Can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity also includes following at least one of which kind system: Thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3), heat-preservation fermentation system (4), suction tube system (6), hot wind power generation system (13), outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7), light-illuminating system (10), combustion heating system (11), pumped storage system (12), heat regenerative system (16), high-altitude Cold energy decline utilizes system (17), high-altitude condensation freshwater system (18), wind generator system (19), collector system (20);
Wherein, thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) are disposed in the interior bottom or the bottom of collection heat space (9);Due to heliogreenhouse or Sun light green house (1) can harvest sunlight heat, produces the heat of 30-70 DEG C (even more than 400 DEG C) in indoor collection heat space (9) Air;The warm water body (even up to 100 DEG C) of 25-35 DEG C is produced in thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3);Due to thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) can without the sun, without heat supply, without waste heat time, release heat air with keeping, make the sum that can not keep the sun off The variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity can continuously generate electricity;
Wherein, heat-preservation fermentation system (4) is disposed in the interior middle part or bottom or the bottom of collection heat space (9);Therefore, may be used not The animals and plants breeding and planting that keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse can carry out artificial hot environment produces, micro-life The hot fermentation of thing produces;While efficiently producing agricultural product, the discarded animals and plants of high temperature breeding and planting also can be as insulation The fermentation raw material of fermentation system (4), hot fermentation produces gaseous fuel, liquid fuel (alkane, alcohol, ether) and organic fertilizer, is formed The ecological circulation producing food and clean energy resource produces.Hot fermentation can also quickly process organic waste, sewage.When insulation is sent out When ferment system (4) is arranged in the warm water body (3.5) in thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3), huge round (4.1) can be manufactured, Be equivalent to huge buoyancy tank;Both substantially increased fermentation volume, and substantially increased again fermentation temperature and yield, be also greatly reduced Cost, killing three birds with one stone;
Wherein, the middle part of suction tube system (6) is the inner duct (6.4) ventilated;Its suction tube system (6) includes following One or more parts: cylinder chimney (6.1), cylinder building (6.2), cylinder endoseptum (6.3), inner duct (6.4), rigid canister (6.5), soft Property cylinder (6.6), hard and soft mix cylinder (6.7), diversion outlet (6.8), collector system (20);Wherein cylinder building (6.2) are permissible Use as house, reduce the cost of suction tube system (6);Inner duct (6.4) includes single hole or porous;Cylinder endoseptum (6.3) inner duct (6.4) is separated into porous;Porous inner duct (6.4) include following one or more: middle temperature duct (6.4.1), high temperature duct (6.4.2), superhigh temperature duct (6.4.3), cold energy decline duct (6.4.5);Wherein cold energy drop down hole The passage that road (6.4.5) carries downwards for the cold air in high-altitude, cold energy liquid, cold water etc. cold energy;
Wherein, hot wind power generation system (13) includes following at least one of which kind parts, wind turbine (13.1), electromotor (13.2);Hot wind power generation system (13) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position, the bottom of suction tube system (6), convulsion The inside of cartridge system (6), heliogreenhouse or the inside of sun light green house (1), the inside of indoor collection heat space (9);At hot wind power generation Among system (13): wind turbine therein (13.1) uses horizontal axial type;
Wherein, outside outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) and enclose and define outdoor Heat collecting field (2), outdoor heat collecting field (2) can be to enter the cold air preheating before heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), decreases Heliogreenhouse or the area of sun light green house (1), reduce investment;
Wherein, within light-illuminating system (10) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), light-illuminating system (10) Circuit connect following at least one of which kind device, photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), hot wind power generation system (13): shine in order to artificial Bright irradiation is biological, plant, improves production efficiency;Form biological factory, plant factor;
Wherein, combustion heating system (11) is arranged on bottom or the bottom of suction tube system (6);When without sunlight, open Dynamic combustion heating system (11) just can utilize fuel to add hot-air to proceed hot wind power generation;
Wherein, pumped storage system (12) is arranged on the top of suction tube system (6) or middle part when without sunlight, Start pumped storage system (12) just can utilize the water-retention on the top or middle part that are arranged on suction tube system (6) continue into Row hydroelectric generation;
Wherein, heat regenerative system (16) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), Suction tube system (6), thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3);Heat regenerative system (16) can collect heat space (9), suction tube system (6) indoor Interior heat is delivered in the water of thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3);Heat regenerative system (16) can be the weary steam after generating, weary steam Heat returns to, in indoor collection heat space (9), tentatively heat surrounding air (30);Hot air flow (31) is made to obtain higher Temperature, improves the thermo-electric conversion rate of generating further;Wherein focusing high temperature vacuum cavity (43.2.2) or cavity for focusing dignity (43.2.3) long-wave radiation can heated the hot-air in pipe during radiation again in pipe, makes the hot-air in pipe become superelevation Warm air, forms superhigh temperature hot air flow (31.3);
Wherein, cold energy decline in high-altitude utilizes system (17), high-altitude condensation freshwater system (18) to be arranged on suction tube system (6) Stack shell;High-altitude cold energy is utilized system (17) pressure to be straight down transported to ground, as cooling refrigeration by the decline of high-altitude cold energy Low-temperature receiver;After the damp-heat air of 30-100 DEG C, is condensed into fresh water the altitude cold air cooling in high-altitude condensation fresh water device (18) It is piped to ground and forms desalinization production;
Wherein, wind generator system (19) can also be arranged on following at least one of which kind position: suction tube system (6), the support system (1.3) of heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) is upper, in the support system (1.3) in printing opacity accumulation of heat building (8);Wind The tower pylon (19.2) of force generating system (19) can utilize as heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) or printing opacity accumulation of heat building (8) support system (1.3), reduces cost;
Wherein, collector system (20) be arranged on suction tube system (6) in the face of sunlight side;Collector system (20) Indoor can be collected 30-70 DEG C of hot-air optically focused of heat space (9) and be heated to 90-130 DEG C, improve hot air flow (31) flow velocity, The generating efficiency of hot wind power generation system (13).
If photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) is arranged on transparent roof (1.1), it is merely able to thermal-arrest in the downward heating chamber of one side Surrounding air (30) in space (9).Such as, if photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) In or indoor collection heat space (9) in, it just can the most two-sided while all collect in heat space (9) in heating chamber Surrounding air (30).
That can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse can carry out hot wind power generation.Because: one.The sun Shortwave radiation fingering enter heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) after be irradiated on the photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) of sheet.Due to Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) can absorb the shortwave radiation energy of the sun of more than 90%, so being inhaled by photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) The most solar shortwave radiation received can be transformed into long-wave radiation can be again to external radiation;Owing to long-wave radiation can be the most outside Heated the surrounding air (30) in indoor collection heat space (9) during radiation, make surrounding air (30) become hot-air, hot-air Just ascending motion is produced.Therefore, the photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) of sheet can the hot-air of increase in production.They are two years old.Again owing to taking out Air duct system (6) has the powerful negative pressure draft of " stack effect ", causes these hot-airs and enters in suction tube system (6), Define the hot air flow (31) flowing automatically to high-altitude straight up.Result hot air flow (31) straight up is in suction tube system (6) Interior bottom creates powerful negative pressure draft, and hot wind power generation system (13) now just can utilize this powerful negative pressure to take out Power generates electricity.That can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse can be inhaled photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) The solar shortwave radiation received 6%-30% indirect reformer therein can become electric energy.
Meanwhile, photovoltaic cell (41) among photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) or focusing photovoltaic battery (43.2.1) can also be The solar shortwave radiation that photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) is absorbed can be directly translated into as electric energy by 8%-25% therein.Again simultaneously, The high-altitude high speed level of suction tube system (6) top exit is distinguished and admirable can also increase the draft of suction tube system (6) interior negative pressure, increasing Air draft speed in cylinder, improves generated energy further.
Meanwhile, it can also be substantially improved the ground air in city the polluted air exhausting on ground to a few km high-altitudes Quality.
Content 7.
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 3, it is characterised in that:
Wherein, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) of post rotating plate facial (51) uses roofbolt (51.1) to support photovoltaic Battery (41) is rotationally-varying;
Wherein, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) hanging rotating plate facial (52) uses suspension rope (47.1) to suspend in midair Photovoltaic cell (41) is rotationally-varying;
Wherein, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) of sidespin plate facial (53) uses component (53.1) side to be connected to Photovoltaic cell (41) is rotationally-varying;Component (53.1) includes following at least one of which kind: roofbolt (51.1), support pylon (1.3.1), support beam frame (1.3.2);Wherein mechanical regulation mechanism (56) includes following at least one of which kind, and clue regulates and controls Mechanism (57), gear regulating and controlling mechanism, tooth bar regulating and controlling mechanism, worm gear regulating and controlling mechanism, worm screw regulating and controlling mechanism.
Content 8.
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 1 or content 4, its feature exists In:
Photovoltaic cell (41) area that keeps the sun off accounts for transparent roof (1.1) or printing opacity flooring (1.4) accepts sunlight area 50%-100%;
When photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged to multiaspect, see in side-looking angle, the photovoltaic cell (41) of multiaspect is arranged to saw Dentation or ramp-like;
To photovoltaic cell (41) and photovoltaic cell (41) up and down relative to position, following at least one of which kind can be used to hand over Wrong position is arranged: upper-lower position is crisscross arranged, postero-anterior position is put and is crisscross arranged;Both intervening portion modes are arranged, and make hot air flow (31) first flowing through photovoltaic cell (41), make the temperature of hot air flow (31) progressively be heated rising, temperature reaches 60-120 DEG C Left and right.So can hot air flow (31) generating efficiency of raising further;
The plane of photovoltaic cell (41) or negative camber perpendicular to or oblique facing to sunlight;When photovoltaic cell (41) When plane or negative camber are facing to sunlight, angle is arranged to degree in a vertical angle with sunray or close to vertical angle;
Photovoltaic cell (41) include following one or more: crystal silicon type battery, amorphous silicon type battery, film type electricity Pond, flexible thin film type battery, light-focusing type battery, multi-element compounds type battery, dye sensitization type battery, CaAs (GaAs) type electricity Pond, CIGS (CIGS) type battery, CdTe (cadmium antimonide) type battery, InGaP/A type battery;
Photovoltaic cell (41) includes following at least one of which kind structural stratification;Selective absorbing hot coating (40.11), Anti-reflection layer (40.12), reflector layer (40.13), low transmitting metal level (40.14), thermal insulation layer (40.15);
Wherein, underframe (42) is arranged under photovoltaic cell (41), and is attached thereto;Underframe (42) with following the most extremely Few one device or component or parts connect, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50), photovoltaic cell (41), supporting mechanism (46), suspension gear (47);
Wherein, condenser system (43) includes following at least one of which kind: reflection concentration type system (43.1), refraction type Condenser system (43.2), Fresnel condenser system (43.3);Its condenser system (43) can also absorb the sun of more than 90% Shortwave radiation energy, but it can all reflect the solar shortwave radiation absorbed to gather in photovoltaic cell (41) and absorb;Example As, if photovoltaic cell (41) is focusing high temperature photovoltaic cell (41.1), wherein 20-30% the shortwave radiation of the sun can be straight Connecing after transforming into electric energy, the solar shortwave radiation of remaining absorption can be transformed into long-wave radiation again and can heat when external radiation Surrounding air (30) in indoor collection heat space (9);This condenser system (43) can be the middle temperature less than 130 DEG C, high-temperature hot Air is heated into the superhigh temperature hot-air of 130-600 DEG C, makes the conversion ratio of photo-thermal power generation be greatly improved more than 15%;So, Condenser system (43) can produce superhigh temperature hot air flow (31.3), is also a kind of heat-absorbing material of good performance.
Wherein, cooling system (44) is arranged on the underframe (42) of photovoltaic cell (41), so can the most effectively The heat of photovoltaic cell (41) exchanges the temperature improving hot air flow (31);Cooling system (44) is arranged on following at least a part of which One position: photovoltaic cell (41) back, underframe (42), condenser system (43);Cooling system (44) include following wherein At least one plant: gas or steam cooling system (44.1), liquid cooling system (44.2), heat pump cooling system (44.3), heat Pipe cooling system (44.4), fin cooling system (44.5), finned tube cooling system (44.6);Its cooling system (44) can be light The upper Baidu high temperature of volt battery (41) or focusing high temperature photovoltaic cell (41.1) drops to the middle temperature of only tens degree;Photovoltaic electric The temperature of pond (41) or focusing high temperature photovoltaic cell (41.1) is the lowest, and its power generation performance is the biggest.
Wherein, light transmitting shell (45) is arranged on outside or the top of photovoltaic cell (41);
Wherein, the support pylon (1.3.1) of supporting mechanism (46) and heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) be one or It is consubstantiality, it is also possible to be allosome;
Wherein, suspension gear (47) includes suspension rope (47.1);Plate face attitude control system (50) can be with suspention Rope (47.1) connects;Its suspension gear (47) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position, heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) propping up of the support system (1.3) of the support pylon (1.3.1) of support system (1.3), heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) Support roof beam structure (1.3.2), photovoltaic cell (41). the length of the suspension rope (47.1) of utilization changes photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) Plane or negative camber direction, reach to follow the tracks of the purpose of sunlight, so can simplify plate face attitude control system (50) structure, fall Low cost and operating cost.
Content 9.
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 5 or content 6, its feature exists In:
Among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1),
Wherein, printing opacity wall face (1.2) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or the periphery of sun light green house (1);
Wherein, printing opacity flooring (1.4) is arranged in support system (1.3);Printing opacity flooring (1.4) is also provided with photovoltaic TRT (40);
Wherein, gas outlet (1.7) UNICOM suction tube system (6) and indoor collection heat space (9), or gas outlet (1.7) connection Lead to suction tube system (6) and the top of indoor collection heat space (9) or top;Gas outlet (1.7) the also following at least a part of which of UNICOM it A kind of position: the bottom of suction tube system (6) or bottom, the top of indoor collection heat space (9) or top, Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2), the high temperature air inlet (43.2.7) of focusing photovoltaic battery (41.1);
Wherein, upper QI KOU (1.8) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), printing opacity building Face (1.4), it has connected agricultural greenhouse layer (9.1) and Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2), the waste heat of agricultural greenhouse layer (9.1) It is discharged in Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2), and heats hot air flow (31) further;Upper QI KOU (1.8) makes agricultural greenhouse layer (9.1) Keep temperature constant state;
Its printing opacity wall face (1.2) or printing opacity flooring (1.4) or printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) or printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) bag Following at least one of which kind parts, rigid light transmissive material (21), soft light material (22) are included;
Its printing opacity wall face (1.2) or printing opacity flooring (1.4) or printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) or printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) set It is equipped with printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9);Printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) includes following at least one of which kind parts: aerogel heat-proof layer (1.9.1), vacuum heat-insulating layer (1.9.2), air heat-insulation layer (1.9.3), insulated foam coating (1.9.4), printing opacity glue thermal insulation layer (1.9.5)。
Content 10.
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 6, it is characterised in that:
Wherein, thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) include following at least one of which kind parts: heat insulation pool wall (3.1), also include Have following at least one of which kind parts: (3.3), printing opacity pond top cover (3.4) at the bottom of (3.2), heat insulation pond at the bottom of pond, warm water body (3.5), Closed cell top cover (3.6);Its heat insulation pool wall (3.1) includes following at least one of which kind, the heat insulation pool wall of rigidity (3.1.1), Flexible heat insulation pool wall (3.1.2);The heat insulation pool wall (3.1) enclosed is constituted with or without (3.3) at the bottom of (3.2) at the bottom of pond or heat insulation pond Thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3);Printing opacity pond top cover (3.4) or closed cell top cover (3.6) cover warm water body (3.5);Thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) the degree of depth is between 3-250 rice;At the bottom of the heat insulation pool wall (3.1) in thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3), heat insulation pond, (3.3) include heat insulation Heat-insulation layer (23): flexible heat insulation pool wall (3.1.2) includes following at least one of which kind, organic fiber, inorfil;Insulation The volume of the round (4.1) of fermentation system (4) is at 100-50 ten thousand m3Between, its volume constitutes about thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) Between the 1-20% of volume;
Wherein, heat-preservation fermentation system (4) includes following at least one of which kind parts: round (4.1), heat insulation guarantor Temperature layer (23), also includes printing opacity heat-insulating top capping (4.3);Its round (4.1) includes following at least one of which kind Parts: rigidity round (4.1.1), flexible round (4.1.2);Round (4.1) connection heat regenerative system (16), returns Hot systems (16) can be that round (4.1) provides heat, improves fermentation temperature and yield;When in thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3), when arranging round (4.1) in warm water body (3.5), heat-preservation fermentation system (4) had both been greatly improved fermentation volume, the most greatly Improve greatly fermentation temperature and yield, be also greatly reduced cost, killing three birds with one stone;
Wherein, flexible cylinder (6.2) includes following at least one of which kind: inflate cylinder ((6.21), cloth film cylinder (6.22);Available flexible cylinder (6.2) or hard and soft mix cylinder (6.3) replace rigid canister (6.1);High temperature gas outlet (43.2.8) the following at least one of which kind position of UNICOM's suction tube system (6), middle temperature duct (6.4.1), high temperature duct are gone back (6.4.2), superhigh temperature duct (6.4.3);Suction tube system (6) uses following at least one of which kind three-dimensional shape: straight tube, cone Cylinder, inversed conical drum, venturi-shaped, trunnion shape, hyperbola, the wealthyest shape, three cylinders, on four sides cylinder, five cylinders, hexahedro cylinder, multiaspects Cylinder;Its height is between 0.01-20 kilometer, and its diameter is between 20-5000 rice;Its wall thickness is between 0.05-150 rice;Wherein Venturi-shaped, trunnion shape, hyperbola can improve the wind speed of hot air flow (31);The lower end communication chamber of suction tube system (6) The top of interior collection heat space (9), suction tube system (6) is arranged on one of them position following: heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) Middle part, heliogreenhouse or the edge of sun light green house (1), heliogreenhouse or the corner of sun light green house (1);Its photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) suction tube system (6) outer surface can also be arranged on;
Wherein, outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7) includes following at least one of which kind parts: rigid light transmissive material (21), soft Property light transmissive material (22), support system (1.3);The flat shape of outdoor heat collecting field (2) include following one or more: garden cylinder circle Shape, polygon cylinder round;Outdoor heat collecting field (2) includes multi-turn outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7), under the outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7) of inner ring Portion opens without wall, it is simple to hot-air flows to the suction tube system (6) at center;
Wherein, light-illuminating system (10) includes LED;
Wherein, combustion heating system (11) includes following at least one of which kind parts: combustion apparatus (11.1), burning Room (11.2), fuel pump deliver line (11.3);
Wherein, pumped storage system (12) at least includes following at least one of which kind parts, lower storage reservoir (12.1), pumping equipment (12.2), upper storage reservoir (12.3), hydro-electric power generating equipment (12.4), hydraulic pipeline (12.5);Its upper storage reservoir (12.3) top or the middle part of suction tube system (6) it are arranged on;Pumping equipment (12.2) at least include following at least a part of which it One, AC electrical pumping equipment (12.2.1), direct current drive pumping equipment (12.2.2);If direct current drive pumping equipment (12.2.2) photovoltaic cell (41), the unidirectional current that produces of focusing photovoltaic battery (43.2.1) is used to carry out drawing water operation, the most again Use hydro-electric power generating equipment (12.4) to send alternating current, thus can save the inverter apparatus of photovoltaic generation, i.e. reduce Photovoltaic generation cost, improves again the reliability of equipment;
Wherein, heat regenerative system (16) at least includes following at least one of which kind system, and liquid heat regenerative system, heat pump return Hot systems, heat pipe heat regenerative system;The heat absorbing end of its heat regenerative system (16) or upper end connect or connect going out of suction tube system (6) Air port or upper end, the release end of heat of heat regenerative system (16) or lower end connect or connect following at least one of which kind position;Daylight In greenhouse or sun light green house (1), in indoor collection heat space (9), the air inlet of suction tube system (6) or lower end;Heat regenerative system (16) following at least one of which kind equipment is at least included, heat sink (16.1), heat transfer pipeline (16.2), heat-releasing apparatus (16.3), driving or compression device (16.4), heat storage device (16.5), heat-transfer working medium (16.6);In heat regenerative system (16) In, heat sink (16.1) is arranged on heat absorbing end or the upper end of heat regenerative system (16);Heat-releasing apparatus (16.3) is arranged on backheat system The release end of heat of system (16) or lower end;Heat transfer pipeline (16.2) be arranged on heat sink (16.1) and heat-releasing apparatus (16.3) it Between, heat transfer pipeline (16.2) connects or connects heat sink (16.1), heat-releasing apparatus (16.3);Drive or compression device (16.4) it is arranged in heat transfer pipeline (16.2), drives or compression device (16.4) connects or connects heat transfer pipeline (16.2);The inside of heat transfer pipeline (16.2) includes heat-transfer working medium (16.6);Heat transfer pipeline (16.2) appearance includes Heat-insulation layer;
Heat regenerative system (16) be communicated back to daylight after the partial heat of the hot air flow (31) being discharged into high-altitude can be reclaimed In greenhouse or sun light green house (1), in indoor collection heat space (9), the air inlet of suction tube system (6) or lower end;This heat is permissible Surrounding air (30) is tentatively heated as middle warm distinguished and admirable (31.1) or high-temperature hot distinguished and admirable (31.2);Or the high temperature to bottom Hot air flow (31.2) reheats, and making high-temperature hot distinguished and admirable (31.3) obtain higher temperature becomes superhigh temperature hot air flow (31.3);That is, improve the temperature difference Δ T of hot air flow (31);This just further increase units of heat the acting thermal efficiency or The thermal efficiency of that person can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse generating;This also corresponds to indirectly extend heat The height that distinguished and admirable (31) rise, extends the difference in height Δ H of suction tube system (6) the most indirectly.Heat backheat each time, quite Just repeat to rise a difference in height Δ H in hot air flow (31), be namely equivalent to hot air flow (31) and increase a difference in height Δ H;The height risen with hot air flow (31) due to the generating efficiency of that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse The difference in height Δ H of difference Δ H or suction tube system (6) is directly proportional, and Δ H is the biggest for difference in height, and can not keep the sun off is variable with light quantity The generating efficiency of photovoltaic greenhouse the highest.Heat regenerative system (16) can make that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable light Volt warmhouse booth generating efficiency improves several times to tens times;Simultaneously as that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic temperature The thermal efficiency of room booth, therefore can be the hot blast being discharged into high-altitude of one of them 100% thermal efficiency at least over 300% The heat of stream (31) returns to the bottom of suction tube system (6).Heat hot blast 100% thermal efficiency among these Stream (31), is achieved that the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off that heating energy source is self-supporting.The most thorough The end, defines and need not external fuel, production of energy device that can be spontaneous;
Wherein, cold energy decline in high-altitude utilizes system (17) to include following at least one of which kind parts, drain bucket (17.1), drainage pipe (17.2), air-introduced machine (17.3), drain valve (17.4), water spray equipment (17.5);One, height Air cooling gas can be in the cold energy of rigid canister (6.1) or flexible cylinder (6.2) declines duct (6.4.5) or drainage pipe (17.2) In, automatic transport is to ground straight down, or is transported to ground by drain bucket (17.1) or air-introduced machine (17.3) pressure, makees Low-temperature receiver for cooling refrigeration;Two, from the dry superhigh temperature hot air flows of condenser system (43) out tens degree to several Baidu (31.3) when running into the water smoke that water spray equipment (17.5) ejects, water smoke evaporates rapidly, and evaporation is by absorption dehydration superelevation Warm the flood tide heat energy of distinguished and admirable (31.3), make to be dried superhigh temperature hot air flow (31.3) sharp temperature drop, become heavy at once High density cold air stream (30.3), sinks to ground in cold energy declines duct (6.4.5) automatically, cold as cooling refrigeration Source;And high density cold air stream (30.3) can carry out cold wind-power electricity generation with reverse push wind symptom force generating system (19);
Wherein, high-altitude condensation freshwater system (18) includes following at least one of which kind parts: water spray equipment (18.1), condensing plant (18.2), collecting device (18.3), seawaterline (18.4), fresh water decline pipeline (18.5);One, When high-altitude steam passes through the metal foil film of condensing plant (18.2), easily fresh water is formed in cooling condensation;Two, from condenser system (43) tens degree out to the dry superhigh temperature hot air flow (31.3) of several Baidu runs into water spray equipment (18.1) and ejects During the sea water water smoke come, sea water water smoke flashes to rapidly fresh water steam (33), and evaporation is by absorption dehydration superhigh temperature hot air flow (31.3) flood tide heat energy, makes to be dried superhigh temperature hot air flow (31.3) sharp temperature drop, and the high density becoming heavy at once is cold Air stream (30.3), sinks to ground, automatically as the low-temperature receiver of cooling refrigeration in cold energy declines duct (6.4.5);And it is high Density cold air stream (30.3) can carry out cold wind-power electricity generation with reverse push wind symptom force generating system (19);Meanwhile, fresh water steam (33), time by condensing plant (18.2), easily fresh water is formed in cooling condensation;Three, fresh water steam (33) cooling condensation is formed light During water, the heat sink (16.1) of be condensed by the heat energy discharging flood tide equipment (18.2) or heat regenerative system (16) absorbs, logical Cross fresh water decline pipeline (18.5) or heat transfer pipeline (16.2) again the heat of this part flood tide be communicated back to heliogreenhouse or In sun light green house (1), in indoor collection heat space (9), the air inlet of suction tube system (6) or lower end continue to recycle;
Wherein, wind generator system (19) includes following at least one of which kind parts, wind turbine (19.1), tower tower Frame (19.2), electromotor (19.3);Tower pylon (19.2) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) or printing opacity accumulation of heat building (8) in support system (1.3).Its tower pylon (19.2) can utilize as heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) or printing opacity The support system (1.3) in accumulation of heat building (8);Because the tower pylon (19.2) of wind generator system (19) constitutes about its total cost About half, tower pylon (19.2) one-object-many-purposes, cost-effective, reduce investment 30-60%, the most afloat wind-force is sent out Electrical engineering;
Wherein, collector system (20) includes following at least one of which kind parts, vacuum tube collector (20.1), flat Board heat collector (20.2).
Content 11
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 5 or content 10, its feature It is:
The high temperature air inlet (43.2.7) of gas outlet (1.7) the also condenser system (43) of UNICOM's photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40);
The following at least one of which of the high temperature gas outlet (43.2.8) of condenser system (43) also UNICOM's suction tube system (6) Plant position, middle temperature duct (6.4.1), high temperature duct (6.4.2), superhigh temperature duct (6.4.3).
Its water spray equipment (17.5), water spray equipment (18.1) can be same equipment,;Its condensing plant (18.2), heat sink (16.1) can be same equipment, its fresh water decline pipeline (18.5), heat transfer pipeline (16.2) permissible It is same equipment;Water spray equipment (18.1) can also be arranged in heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) or suction tube system The also bottom, bottom of system (6);Fresh water declines pipeline (18.5), heat transfer pipeline (16.2) can also be arranged on cold energy and decline duct (6.4.5) in;High-altitude condensation freshwater system (18) connection cooling system (44) or condenser system (43);
Thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3), lower storage reservoir (12.1), heat storage device (16.5) can be same equipment, and heat absorption sets Standby (16.1), upper storage reservoir (12.3) can be same equipment.
Content 12.
According to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 8, it is characterised in that:
Among photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), to the relative position between photovoltaic cell (41), can use following the most extremely Few one intervening portion is arranged: upper-lower position is crisscross arranged, postero-anterior position is put and is crisscross arranged;Both intervening portion modes set Putting, make hot air flow (31) first flow through photovoltaic cell (41), make the temperature of hot air flow (31) progressively be heated rising, temperature reaches To about 60-120 DEG C.So can hot air flow (31) generating efficiency of raising further;
Focusing photovoltaic battery (41.1) also includes following at least one of which kind structural stratification;Selective absorbing hot coating (40.11), anti-reflection layer (40.12), reflector layer (40.13), low transmitting metal level (40.14), thermal insulation layer (40.15).
Compared with prior art, the present invention has a following outstanding advantages:
1, it is provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50), heliogreenhouse or the photovoltaic cell of booth (1) due to increase (41) be can not keep the sun off and light quantity variable.Therefore biology need substantial amounts of, even need 100% sunlight direct When irradiating the period, photovoltaic cell (41) can not keep the sun off, and sunlight can be with in direct irradiation heliogreenhouse or booth (1) Biological.Within At All Other Times, the sunlight amount entering heliogreenhouse or booth (1) can change, and can meet not Sunlight amount is needed with biology, different growing stages.From this, the growth that photovoltaic cell (41) no longer affects biology is raw Long.2, in the most of the time, plate face attitude control system (50) can make photovoltaic cell with automatic tracing, tracking sunlight (41) plane is arranged to degree in a vertical angle with sunray or close to vertical angle in angle;So can make photovoltaic electric Pond (41) amplitude peak ground absorbs the luminous energy of the sun, increases photovoltaic power generation quantity.3, less than 35 DEG C are dropped to due to plate temperature, photovoltaic The optoelectronic transformation efficiency of TRT (40) improves 0.8-1.5%.4, photovoltaic cell (41)) make heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) Or the temperature of the hot air flow (31) in printing opacity accumulation of heat building reaches 80-130 DEG C, solar chimney power generation efficiency can improve more than 5 times, Optoelectronic transformation efficiency reaches more than 3%.5, the heat in condenser system (43) makes heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) or printing opacity accumulation of heat building The temperature of distinguished and admirable (31) reaches 130-500 DEG C, and solar chimney power generation efficiency can improve more than 10 times, and optoelectronic transformation efficiency reaches More than 8%.6, estimate in theory: paste in finance spot patch or subsidize less, government zero invests or in the case of few investment, can not block The solar energy composite cost of electricity-generating of the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity of sunlight can be reduced to 0.5 yuan/below kwh, very To being reduced to the 1/2 of thermoelectricity cost, if i.e. 0.25 yuan/about kwh. again the solar energy of this 0.25 yuan/kwh is cleaned electricity After power is synthesized by electrochemical process with the carbon dioxide in air, it becomes possible to transform into " the artificial vapour bavin of 4~5 yuan/liter Oil " (alcohol, ethers), make this flood tide, low-carbon (LC) or zero carbon " artificial petrol and diesel oil " as the liquid fuel energy from now on.So The most thoroughly crack global regenerative resource hang-up, and then thoroughly solution global climate has warmed up hang-up.7, sunlight is relied on Agriculture in greenhouse (or being called factory farming, agricultural factory, the modern agriculture) mode of production of room or sun light green house (1), it is possible to Agricultural production amount, agriculture value are improved more than 4~10 times.The whole world " agricultural development, peasant employment are the most thoroughly cracked Affluence and urbanization of villages construction " this agriculture, rural areas and farmers hang-up.From this, human society will be from there being 10,000 years " living at the mercy of the elements " history The upgrade people of " having a meal by warmhouse booth " of natural agriculture civilization economic transition control agricultural civilization economy, thus can draw again Send out the social great revolution that a natural agriculture controls " agricultural civilization " of agricultural to people.8, can also be by using heliogreenhouse or day Light booth (1)-warmhouse booth covers territory and thoroughly protects the fragile ecological environment on large area territory.The most thorough Crack the hang-up that global " conservation culture " transition and upgrade is regenerated.This will can cause one more since the dawn of human civilization from certainly So ecological environment transition and upgrade is regenerated the social great revolution of " conservation culture " of the greenhouse ecological environment.It sets up a solid , green, circulation and the brand-new developmental pattern of continuable " conservation culture " society.9, low cost, huge appearance are realized Long-pending hot fermentation, heat-preservation fermentation system (4) makes urban organic sewage dirt become raw material;Rely on heat-preservation fermentation system (4), solve Determine a urban organic sewage dirt rubbish difficult problem, and sewage dirt rubbish has been turned into production food, the raw material of the energy and has Machine fertilizer.10, rely on that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse, also solve desalinization problem.11、 Find a kind of cheap, clean and enrich the energy, agricultural, the green ecological cogeneration mode of environmental protection.12, photovoltaic power generation apparatus (11) the photo-thermal power generation amount of hot wind power generation system (13) in photovoltaic greenhouse is both directly and indirectly considerably increased.13, big Decrease greatly the kind of photovoltaic greenhouse, greatly reduce photovoltaic greenhouse construction cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Digital labelling in following accompanying drawing " " represent the "or" meaning.Such as(85)\(86), represent (85) or (86).
Fig. 1, Fig. 5 are 2 kinds is provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) of post rotating plate facial (51), and photovoltaic Battery (41) be arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity big Canopy just cut open sketch or sketch is cutd open in side.
Fig. 2, Fig. 6 are that 2 kinds of plate face attitudes vibration regulation and control being provided with post rotating plate facial (51) or sidespin plate facial (53) fill Put (50), and photovoltaic cell (41) be arranged among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) can not keep the sun off and light Measure variable photovoltaic greenhouse just cut open sketch or sketch is cutd open in side.
Fig. 3, Fig. 7 are 2 kinds and are provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) hanging rotating plate facial (52), and photovoltaic Battery (41) be arranged among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity big Canopy just cut open sketch or sketch is cutd open in side.
Fig. 4, Fig. 8 are 2 kinds and are provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) hanging rotating plate facial (52), and photovoltaic Battery (41) be arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity big Canopy just cut open sketch or sketch is cutd open in side.
Fig. 9 is plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) that one is provided with post rotating plate facial (51), and photovoltaic electric Pond (41) be arranged on transparent roof (1.1) can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity just cut open sketch or Sketch is cutd open in side.
Figure 10 is to be provided with printing opacity flooring (1.4), printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) and suspention in indoor collection heat space (9) Plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) that plate is facial, and photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) among can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity just cut open sketch or sketch is cutd open in side.
Figure 11 is that one is provided with photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) and also includes condenser system (43), indoor collection heat space (9) it is provided with printing opacity flooring (1.4) in, and photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) That can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity just cut open sketch or sketch is cutd open in side.
Figure 12 is multiaspect photovoltaic cell (41) and transparent roof (1.1) is arranged to the diagrammatic top view that a bar is staggered.
Figure 13 is that multiaspect photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged to, with transparent roof (1.1), the diagrammatic top view that layout is staggered.
Figure 14 is to be provided with printing opacity flooring (1.4) and the local of 2 layers of photovoltaic cell (41) in indoor collection heat space (9) Heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) just cut open sketch or sketch is cutd open in side.
Figure 15 is 2 layers of photovoltaic cell (41) and printing opacity flooring (1.4) is arranged to the diagrammatic top view that a bar is staggered.
Figure 16 is that 2 layers of photovoltaic cell (41) are arranged to, with printing opacity flooring (1.4), the diagrammatic top view that layout is staggered.
Figure 17 is the staggered photovoltaic generation dress being provided with photovoltaic cell (41) on suction tube system (6) outer surface Sketch is cutd open in the side putting (40).
Figure 18 is provided with photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), condenser system (43), plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) That can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse is just cuing open sketch or sketch is cutd open in side.
Figure 19 is provided with printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) and Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) is separated to form helical form hot blast runner (9.3) circular heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) can not keep the sun off and the bowing of photovoltaic greenhouse that light quantity is variable Depending on cuing open sketch.
Figure 20 is provided with printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) and Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) is separated to form polyline shaped hot blast runner (9.3), suction tube system (6) be arranged on rectangle heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) middle part can not keep the sun off and light The vertical view measuring variable photovoltaic greenhouse cuts open sketch.
Figure 21 is provided with printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) and Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) is separated to form polyline shaped hot blast runner (9.3), suction tube system (6) be arranged on rectangle heliogreenhouse or the sum that can not keep the sun off of sun light green house (1) corner The vertical view of the photovoltaic greenhouse that light quantity is variable cuts open sketch.
Figure 22 is provided with the suction tube system (6) in formation 2 hole inner duct (6.4) of an endoseptum (6.3) and overlooks flat cutting Sketch.
Figure 23 is provided with the suction tube system (6) in formation 4 hole inner duct (6.4) of an endoseptum (6.3) and overlooks flat cutting Sketch.
Figure 24 is that the suction tube system (6) in formation 4 hole inner duct (6.4) being also equipped with an endoseptum (6.3) is overlooked flat Cut open sketch.
Figure 25 is provided with heat regenerative system (16), cold energy decline in high-altitude utilizes system (17), high-altitude condensation freshwater system (18) sketch is cutd open in diversion outlet (6.8) side of suction tube system (6).
Figure 26 be have heat-preservation fermentation system (4), photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) can not keep the sun off and light quantity variable Sketch is cutd open in the side of photovoltaic greenhouse.
Figure 27, Figure 28 are to have thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3), heat regenerative system (16), can not the blocking of photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) Sketch is cutd open in the side of the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity of sunlight, and wherein Figure 28 is to have heat regenerative system (16).
Figure 29 be to increase high-altitude cold energy decline utilize system (17), have multilamellar collection heat space (9), be arranged on water Sketch is cutd open in upper, marine that can not keep the sun off and photovoltaic greenhouse that light quantity is variable side.
Figure 30 is the process flow diagram of heat regenerative system (16).
Figure 31 is to increase wind generator system (19), is arranged on waterborne, marine that can not keep the sun off and light quantity Sketch is cutd open in the side of variable photovoltaic greenhouse
Figure 32 is to have multilamellar collection heat space (9)--be equivalent to a printing opacity accumulation of heat building, photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), optically focused system Sketch is cutd open in the side of the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off of system (43).
Figure 33, Figure 34 be to increase outdoor heat collecting field (2) can not keep the sun off and photovoltaic greenhouse that light quantity is variable big Sketch, diagrammatic top view are cutd open in the side of canopy.
Figure 35 is the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off that multiple increase has outdoor heat collecting field (2) The diagrammatic top view of group.
Figure 36 is to increase outdoor heat collecting field (2), by land or waterborne that can not keep the sun off and light quantity is variable The three-dimensional perspective sketch of photovoltaic greenhouse group.
Figure 37 is two be arranged on waterborne, marine that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse three Dimension schematic perspective view.
That Figure 38 is can not keeping the sun off of being arranged on mountain top of suction tube system (6) and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse is big The diagrammatic side view of canopy.
Figure 39, Figure 40 are heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) is arranged on the roof of building (28), building (28) group Can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse diagrammatic side views of light quantity.
Figure 41 is the insulation swum in warm water body (3.5) having insulating (23), printing opacity heat-insulating top capping (4.3) Fermentation system (4) just cut open sketch.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1.Knowable to Fig. 1, Figure 12, Figure 13, it is provided with the plate face attitudes vibration regulation and control of post rotating plate facial (51) Device (50), and photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged on the sum that can not keep the sun off on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) The photovoltaic greenhouse that light quantity is variable.
Can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity includes heliogreenhouse or booth (1), photovoltaic is sent out Electric installation (40);Wherein heliogreenhouse or booth (1) include transparent roof (1.1);Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) includes light Volt battery (41), its photovoltaic cell (41) is in plane;It is characterized in that:
Heliogreenhouse or booth (1) or photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) also include plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50); Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) or plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) are arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1);Plate The version in face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) uses post rotating plate facial (51);The plate face attitude of post rotating plate facial (51) becomes It is rotationally-varying that change regulation device (50) uses roofbolt (51.1) to support photovoltaic cell (41);Plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) be connected with following at least one of which kind device or component or parts: heliogreenhouse or booth (1), transparent roof (1.1), Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), the bottom of photovoltaic cell (41);
The attitude control methods in plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) include following at least one of which kind, one-dimensional list Axle pose adjustment formula, two dimension twin shaft pose adjustment formula, three-dimensional 3 axle pose adjustment formulas;Plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) Regulating and controlling mechanism includes following at least one of which kind, mechanical regulation mechanism (56), hydraulic regulating mechanism, electrical equipment regulating and controlling mechanism, Magnetic force regulating and controlling mechanism;Wherein mechanical regulation mechanism (56) includes following at least one of which kind, and gear regulating and controlling mechanism, tooth bar are adjusted Control mechanism, worm gear regulating and controlling mechanism, worm screw regulating and controlling mechanism;Plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) adjusts and controls photovoltaic cell (41) Attitudes vibration amplitude is: the attitude parallel with sunlight ray in photovoltaic cell (41) face is to photovoltaic cell (41) face and sunlight Between the attitude that ray is vertical;Or it is that the attitude of 0 ° is to photovoltaic cell in photovoltaic cell (41) face and sunlight ray angle (41) between face and the attitude that sunlight ray angle is 90 °.
Among photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40): photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) also includes following at least one of which kind portion Part: underframe (42), supporting mechanism (46), load governor, accumulator, inverter;Photovoltaic cell (41) can be arranged to one side Or multiaspect;When photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged to multiaspect, in terms of depression angle, photovoltaic cell (41) or and the printing opacity of multiaspect Roofing (1.1) or printing opacity flooring (1.4) are arranged to that a bar is staggered or layout is staggered, see in side-looking angle, multiaspect Photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged to zigzag or ramp-like;Photovoltaic cell (41) area that keeps the sun off accounts for transparent roof (1.1) or thoroughly Light flooring (1.4) accepts the 50%-100% of sunlight area;Photovoltaic cell (41) include following one or more: crystal silicon type Battery, amorphous silicon type battery, film type battery, flexible thin film type battery, light-focusing type battery, multi-element compounds type battery, dyestuff Sensitization type battery, CaAs (GaAs) type battery, CIGS (CIGS) type battery, CdTe (cadmium antimonide) type battery, InGaP/A Type battery;Photovoltaic cell (41) includes following at least one of which kind structural stratification;Selective absorbing hot coating (40.11), Anti-reflection layer (40.12), reflector layer (40.13), low transmitting metal level (40.14), thermal insulation layer (40.15);Wherein underframe (42) sets Put under photovoltaic cell (41), and be attached thereto;Underframe (42) and following at least one of which kind device or component or portion Part connects, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50), photovoltaic cell (41), supporting mechanism (46);
Among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1): heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) also include following at least a part of which One parts: printing opacity wall face (1.2), support system (1.3);Its support system (1.3) carries transparent roof (1.1), Transparent roof (1.1) covers lower space and defines indoor collection heat space (9);Its heliogreenhouse or the height of sun light green house (1) Between 1.5-15 rice;Its heliogreenhouse or the diameter of sun light green house (1) or the length of side are between 0.05-1 kilometer;Printing opacity therein Roofing (1.1) or printing opacity wall face (1.2) include following at least one of which kind parts: rigid light transmissive material (21), flexible Light transmissive material (22);Support system therein (1.3) includes following at least one of which kind: supports pylon (1.3.1), support Roof beam structure (1.3.2);
The supporting mechanism (46) of photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) and heliogreenhouse or the support pylon of sun light green house (1) (1.3.1) it is one or consubstantiality.
Owing to being provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50), for different biological each different growth steps Section, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) can control the pose adjustment of photovoltaic cell (41) plate to best angle, make Sunlight direct irradiation amount meets the optimum demand that biology needs, and then the normal sexual development growth of biology is greatly facilitated.This Many fatal defects that the pattern that the photovoltaic panel the most effectively overcoming existing photovoltaic green-house is fixing is brought, it is to avoid biological lacks Fall into property growth.
As can be seen from Figure 2, the plate face attitude being provided with post rotating plate facial (51) or sidespin plate facial (53) becomes embodiment 2. Change regulation device (50), and photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged on and can not block sun among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) The photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity of light.
It is characterized in that: photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) or plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) be arranged on following the most extremely Few one position, among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), under heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), heliogreenhouse or day Within light booth (1);The supporting mechanism (46) of photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) or the component (53.1) of sidespin plate facial (53) and day The support pylon (1.3.1) of light greenhouse or sun light green house (1) is one or consubstantiality, it is also possible to be allosome.Remaining Feature is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3. as can be seen from Figure 3, is a kind and is provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) hanging rotating plate facial (52) , and photovoltaic cell (41) be arranged among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) can not keep the sun off and light quantity variable The side of photovoltaic greenhouse cut open sketch..
It is characterized in that: the version in plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) uses and hangs rotating plate facial (52);Its plate The regulating and controlling mechanism in face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) includes mechanical regulation mechanism (56);Its mechanical regulation mechanism (56) wraps Include clue regulating and controlling mechanism (57);Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) includes suspension gear (47);Its suspension gear (47) includes Suspension rope (47.1);Its suspension gear (47) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position, heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) propping up of the support system (1.3) of the support pylon (1.3.1) of support system (1.3), heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) Support roof beam structure (1.3.2), photovoltaic cell (41);It supports pylon (1.3.1) or support beam frame (1.3.2) connects clue regulation and control machine Structure (57);Its clue regulating and controlling mechanism (57) connects suspension rope (47.1);Thus, clue regulating and controlling mechanism (57) is suspended in midair by regulation and control The length of rope (47.1), it is possible to the attitude angle of regulation and control photovoltaic cell (41) plate.Remaining feature is with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 4. as can be seen from Figure 4, is a kind and is provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) hanging rotating plate facial (52) , and photovoltaic cell (41) be arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) can not keep the sun off and light quantity variable Photovoltaic greenhouse.
It is characterized in that: the version in plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) uses and hangs rotating plate facial (52);Its plate Face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) connects suspension gear (47), and suspension gear (47) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) the support pylon (1.3.1) of support system (1.3);It supports pylon (1.3.1) and connects clue regulating and controlling mechanism (57);Its Clue regulating and controlling mechanism (57) connects suspension rope (47.1) or photovoltaic cell (41);Suspension rope (47.1) connects photovoltaic cell (41) plate or support pylon (1.3.1);Thus, clue regulating and controlling mechanism (57) by regulation and control suspension rope (47.1) length, Just can regulate and control the attitude angle of photovoltaic cell (41) plate.Remaining feature is with embodiment 1, embodiment 2, embodiment 3.
Embodiment 5. as can be seen from Figure 5, is provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) of post rotating plate facial (51), And photovoltaic cell (41) be provided with on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) can not keep the sun off and light quantity can The photovoltaic greenhouse become.
It is characterized in that: photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) also includes condenser system (43);Condenser system (43) includes down State 2 kinds: reflection concentration type system (43.1), Fresnel condenser system (43.3);Remaining feature is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 6. as can be seen from Figure 6, is provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) of post rotating plate facial (51), And photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged on the light variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) Volt warmhouse booth.
It is characterized in that: photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) also includes condenser system (43);Condenser system (43) includes down State 2 kinds: reflection concentration type system (43.1), Fresnel condenser system (43.3);Remaining feature is with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 7. as can be seen from Figure 7, is a kind and is provided with plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) hanging rotating plate facial (52) , and photovoltaic cell (41) be arranged among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) can not keep the sun off and light quantity variable The side of photovoltaic greenhouse cut open sketch.
It is characterized in that: photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) also includes condenser system (43);Condenser system (43) includes down State 2 kinds: reflection concentration type system (43.1), Fresnel condenser system (43.3);Remaining feature is with embodiment 3.
Embodiment 8. is provided with, as it can be observed in the picture that be a kind, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) hanging rotating plate facial (52) , and photovoltaic cell (41) be arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) can not keep the sun off and light quantity variable Photovoltaic greenhouse.
It is characterized in that: photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) also includes condenser system (43);Condenser system (43) includes down State 2 kinds: reflection concentration type system (43.1), Fresnel condenser system (43.3);Remaining feature is with embodiment 4.
Embodiment 9. as can be seen from Figure 9, a kind of plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) being provided with post rotating plate facial (51) , and photovoltaic cell (41) be arranged on transparent roof (1.1) can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity big Canopy.
It is characterized in that: the version in plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) uses sidespin plate facial (53);Sidespin Plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) of plate facial (53) uses component (53.1) side to be connected to photovoltaic cell (41) rotation Change;Component (53.1) includes following at least one of which kind: roofbolt (51.1), support pylon (1.3.1), support beam frame (1.3.2);Photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: transparent roof (1.1), roofbolt (51.1), Dagger frame (1.3.1), support beam frame (1.3.2);Remaining feature is with embodiment 1 to embodiment 8.
Embodiment 10. as can be seen from Figure 10, be provided with in indoor collection heat space (9) in printing opacity flooring (1.4), printing opacity every Wall (1.5) and facial plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) of suspention plate, and photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged on daylight Sketch is cutd open in the side of the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off among greenhouse or sun light green house (1).
It is characterized in that: its heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) also include following at least one of which kind parts: printing opacity Roofing (1.1), printing opacity wall face (1.2), support system (1.3), air inlet (1.6), gas outlet (1.7), printing opacity flooring (1.4), printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5), upper QI KOU (1.8), printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9);Support system (1.3) carries transparent roof (1.1) (being not drawn in figure), transparent roof (1.1) covers lower space and defines indoor collection heat space (9);Wherein air inlet (1.6) heliogreenhouse or the outer of sun light green house (1) it are arranged on;Hot wind power generation system (13) is arranged in suction tube system (6) Or in indoor collection heat space (9);Transparent roof therein (1.1), printing opacity wall face (1.2), oblique printing opacity flooring (1.4) or Printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) or printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) use vacuum flat glass or the hollow flat board of rigid light transmissive material (21) Glass;Printing opacity flooring (1.4) is arranged on support system (1.3) and above and is provided with photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40);Printing opacity flooring (1.4) being disposed in the interior the top in collection heat space (9) or middle part, one layer of printing opacity flooring (1.4) collects heat space (9) point indoor It is divided into 2 layers, makes heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) be equivalent to a printing opacity accumulation of heat building;The bottom in its printing opacity accumulation of heat building is constant temperature The agricultural greenhouse layer (9.1) of constant humidity, is the Hot-blast Heating having monolayer, temperature to be stepped up on agricultural greenhouse layer (9.1) Layer (9.2);Its printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) is arranged between transparent roof (1.1) and printing opacity flooring (1.4);Printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) is separated to form the hot blast runner (9.3) of helical form or polyline shaped;Its gas outlet (1.7) also joins Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2), hot blast runner (9.3) are led to;Its printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) is arranged on outside transparent roof (1.1), printing opacity Metope (1.2), printing opacity flooring (1.4);Its printing opacity wall face (1.2) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or the periphery of sun light green house (1);Go out The bottom of QI KOU (1.7) also UNICOM's suction tube system (6) or bottom and Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2);Upper QI KOU (1.8) is arranged on Light flooring (1.4).Remaining feature is with embodiment 1 to embodiment 8.
Embodiment 11. as can be seen from Figure 11, is a kind and is provided with photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) and also includes condenser system (43) , it is provided with printing opacity flooring (1.4) in indoor collection heat space (9), and photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or day The photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off among light booth (1).
It is characterized in that: photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) also includes condenser system (43);Condenser system (43) includes Following 2 kinds: reflection concentration type system (43.1), Fresnel condenser system (43.3);It is provided with in indoor collection heat space (9) Light flooring (1.4);Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) photovoltaic cell (41) be arranged among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), Among the Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) on indoor collection heat space (9) top.Remaining feature is with embodiment 10.
Embodiment 12.Knowable to Figure 14, Figure 15, Figure 16, it is to be provided with printing opacity flooring in indoor collection heat space (9) And 2 layers of photovoltaic cell (41), and photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) (1.4) That can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse.
It is characterized in that: be provided with printing opacity flooring (1.4) in indoor collection heat space (9), photovoltaic cell (41) is at height On be arranged to 2 layers;This 2 layers of photovoltaic cells (41) are set in Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2);Wherein, Figure 15 is 2 layers of photovoltaic cell (41) and printing opacity flooring (1.4) to be arranged to a bar staggered;Wherein, Figure 16 is 2 layers of photovoltaic cell (41) and printing opacity flooring (1.4) layout it is arranged to staggered;Remaining feature is with embodiment 10.
Embodiment 13. be one be to have photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) to be provided with can not keeping the sun off of cooling system (44) The photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity.It is characterized in that:
Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) uses cooling system (44), is not drawn in figure;Its cooling system (44) includes following At least one of which kind: gas or steam cooling system (44.1), liquid cooling system (44.2), heat pump cooling system (44.3), hot pipe cooling system (44.4), fin cooling system (44.5), finned tube cooling system (44.6);Other feature is same Above-described embodiment 1-embodiment 12:
Embodiment 14. knowable to Figure 17, Figure 18, Figure 19, Figure 29, Figure 30, Figure 37, Figure 41, be one be to have heliogreenhouse Or sun light green house (1), suction tube system (6), hot wind power generation system (13), photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), condenser system (43), fall Temperature system (44), the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off in plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50). It is characterized in that:
That can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse also includes thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3), insulation is sent out Ferment system (4), light-illuminating system (10), combustion heating system (11), heat regenerative system (16), wind generator system (19), can That do not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse arranges on the ground on (left side of Figure 18 half figure) or the water surface or sea Upper (right side of Figure 18 half figure);Its heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) flat shape use circle;Its height 1.5-150 rice it Between;Its diameter or the length of side are between 0.05-20 kilometer;Wherein:
Among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1): its heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) (left side of Figure 18 half figure) also wrap Following at least one of which kind parts are included: transparent roof (1.1), support system (1.3), air inlet (1.6), gas outlet (1.7), printing opacity wall face (1.2), oblique printing opacity flooring (1.4), printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5), upper QI KOU (1.8), printing opacity every Thermosphere (1.9);Support system (1.3) carries transparent roof (1.1) (being not drawn in figure), and transparent roof (1.1) covers bottom Space defines indoor collection heat space (9);Wherein air inlet (1.6) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or the outer of sun light green house (1);Heat In blast power generation system (13) is arranged on suction tube system (6) or in indoor collection heat space (9);Transparent roof therein (1.1), thoroughly Light wall face (1.2), oblique printing opacity flooring (1.4) or printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) or printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) use rigidity saturating The vacuum flat glass of luminescent material (21) or hollow plate glass;Oblique printing opacity flooring (1.4) is arranged on support system (1.3) Go up and be provided with photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40);Oblique printing opacity flooring (1.4) is disposed in the interior the top in collection heat space (9) Or middle part, one layer of oblique printing opacity flooring (1.4) collects heat space (9) indoor and is separated into 2 layers, make heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) a printing opacity accumulation of heat building is equivalent to;The bottom in its printing opacity accumulation of heat building is the agricultural greenhouse floor (9.1) of constant temperature and humidity, in agricultural It it is the Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) having monolayer, temperature to be stepped up on greenhouse layer (9.1);Its printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) is arranged Between transparent roof (1.1) and oblique printing opacity flooring (1.4);Printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) separates Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) Form helical form or the hot blast runner (9.3) of polyline shaped;UNICOM Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2), hot air flow are gone back in its gas outlet (1.7) Road (9.3);Its printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) is arranged on transparent roof (1.1), printing opacity wall face (1.2), printing opacity flooring (1.4);Its Printing opacity wall face (1.2) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or the periphery of sun light green house (1);Gas outlet (1.7) also UNICOM's suction tube system (6) bottom or bottom and Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2);Upper QI KOU (1.8) is arranged on printing opacity flooring (1.4),
Wherein photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), condenser system (43), plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) feature ibid State embodiment 1-embodiment 13: photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) area that keeps the sun off accounts for transparent roof (1.1) and accepts sunlight area 70%-80%;Among suction tube system (6): the middle part of suction tube system (6) is the inner duct (6.4) ventilated;Its suction tube System (6) is rigid canister (6.5), it include a chimney (6.1), cylinder building (6.2), inner duct (6.4), diversion outlet (6.8), Collector system (20);Inner duct (6.4) is single hole;Suction tube system (6) uses straight tube;Its height 600-1500 rice it Between, its diameter is between 80-200 rice;Its wall thickness is between 0.5-30 rice;Suction tube system (6) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or day The middle part of light booth (1);
Among hot wind power generation system (13): its hot wind power generation system (13) includes following at least one of which kind portion Part, wind turbine (13.1), electromotor (13.2);Wind turbine therein (13.1) uses horizontal axial type;Hot wind power generation system (13) It is arranged on the lower end of suction tube system (6);
Among thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3): thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) are disposed in the interior bottom or the end of collection heat space (9) Portion;Thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) includes following at least one of which kind parts: heat insulation pool wall (3.1), also include following wherein At least one plant parts: (3.3), printing opacity pond top cover (3.4), warm water body (3.5), closed cell top cover at the bottom of (3.2), heat insulation pond at the bottom of pond (3.6);Its heat insulation pool wall (3.1) includes the heat insulation pool wall of rigidity (3.1.1);Heat insulation pool wall (3.1) composition enclosed has heat insulation The thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) of (3.3) at the bottom of pond;The degree of depth in thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) is between 6-25 rice;Thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) Heat insulation pool wall (3.1), (3.3) at the bottom of heat insulation pond include insulating (23): the round of heat-preservation fermentation system (4) (4.1) volume is at 2000-1 ten thousand m3Between, its volume constitutes about about the 5% of thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) volume;
Among heat-preservation fermentation system (4): thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) are disposed in the interior bottom or the end of collection heat space (9) Portion;Heat-preservation fermentation system (4) includes following at least one of which kind parts: round (4.1), insulating (23), Also include following at least one of which kind parts: printing opacity heat-insulating top capping (4.3);Its round (4.1) includes following At least one of which kind parts: rigidity round (4.1.1), flexible round (4.1.2);Round (4.1) connects Heat regenerative system (16);
Agricultural greenhouse layer (9.1) within wherein light-illuminating system (10) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), The circuit of light-illuminating system (10) connects following at least one of which kind device, photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), hot wind power generation system System (13): light-illuminating system (10) includes lED lamp;Drawing is not drawn into light-illuminating system (10);
Among combustion heating system (11): combustion heating system (11) be arranged on suction tube system (6) bottom or under Portion;Combustion heating system (11) includes combustion apparatus (11.1), combustor (11.2), fuel pump deliver line (11.3);
In heat regenerative system (16)) among: heat regenerative system (16) is arranged on following position: heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), Suction tube system (6), thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3);Heat regenerative system (16) includes following system, and liquid heat regenerative system, heat pump return Hot systems, heat pipe heat regenerative system;The heat absorbing end of its heat regenerative system (16) or upper end connect or connect going out of suction tube system (6) Air port or upper end, the release end of heat of heat regenerative system (16) or lower end connect or connect following position;Indoor collection heat space (9), heat Wind zone of heating (9.2), hot blast runner (9.3);Heat regenerative system (16) at least includes following equipment, heat sink (16.1), heat Transfer piping (16.2), heat-releasing apparatus (16.3), driving or compression device (16.4), heat storage device (16.5), heat transfer work Matter (16.6);In heat regenerative system (16), heat sink (16.1) is arranged on heat absorbing end or the upper end of heat regenerative system (16);Heat release Equipment (16.3) is arranged on release end of heat or the lower end of heat regenerative system (16);Heat transfer pipeline (16.2) is arranged on heat sink (16.1) and between heat-releasing apparatus (16.3), heat transfer pipeline (16.2) connects or connects heat sink (16.1), heat release sets Standby (16.3);Drive or compression device (16.4) is arranged in heat transfer pipeline (16.2), drive or compression device (16.4) connects Connect or connect heat transfer pipeline (16.2);The inside of heat transfer pipeline (16.2) includes heat-transfer working medium (16.6);Heat transfer Pipeline (16.2) appearance includes heat-insulation layer;
Among wind generator system (19): wind generator system (19) is arranged on the cylinder chimney (6.1) of suction tube system (6) Position;
Remaining feature is with above-described embodiment 1-embodiment 13.
Embodiment 15.Knowable to Figure 20, Figure 21, Figure 22, Figure 23, Figure 24, Figure 28, Figure 29, Figure 30, be one be to have photovoltaic TRT (40) uses condenser system (43), cooling system (44), can not the keeping the sun off of plate face attitude control system (50) And the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity.It is characterized in that:
Suction tube system (6) includes an endoseptum (6.3);Cylinder endoseptum (6.3) is separated into inner duct (6.4) many Hole;Porous inner duct (6.4) include following one or more: middle temperature duct (6.4.1), high temperature duct (6.4.2), superhigh temperature Duct (6.4.3);Wherein, the high temperature gas outlet (43.2.8) of condenser system (43) also UNICOM's suction tube system (6) following its At least one of plant position, middle temperature duct (6.4.1), high temperature duct (6.4.2), superhigh temperature duct (6.4.3).Remaining feature is same Embodiment 14.
Embodiment 16. is knowable to Figure 10, Figure 11, and the level that is provided with is to printing opacity flooring (1.4), 2 kinds of photovoltaic generation dresses Put the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off of (40).It is characterized in that:
The most in Fig. 10, the relative position to photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), use upper-lower position to be crisscross arranged mode;? The level that is provided with between photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) to printing opacity flooring (1.4), its level to printing opacity flooring (1.4) indoor are collected Heat space (9) is separated into 2 layers, makes heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) be equivalent to a printing opacity accumulation of heat building;Its printing opacity accumulation of heat building Bottom is the agricultural greenhouse layer (9.1) of constant temperature and humidity, is to have monolayer, temperature to be stepped up on agricultural greenhouse layer (9.1) Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2);So make hot air flow (31) first flow through photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), then again pass through selectivity and inhale Hot side (41.1), makes the temperature of hot air flow (31) progressively be heated rising, and temperature reaches about 60-120 DEG C.Improve further Generating efficiency;
The most in fig. 11, one layer of level it is provided with the most again to printing opacity flooring (1.4) at photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40);Cause This, Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) has upper and lower 2 layers;The temperature of lower floor's Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) is at about 60 DEG C, to avoid high temperature drop The generating efficiency of low photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40);In upper strata Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2), the temperature of hot air flow (31) is at 60-120 About DEG C.
Remaining feature is with embodiment 14-embodiment 15.
Embodiment 17. knowable to Figure 20, Figure 21, be heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) flat shape use rectangle or Square that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse.The most in fig. 20, suction tube system (6) is arranged At heliogreenhouse or the middle part of sun light green house (1);The most in figure 21, suction tube system (6) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or daylight The corner of booth (1).Remaining feature is with embodiment 14-embodiment 16.
Embodiment 18.Knowable to Figure 26, Figure 27, Figure 28, Figure 31, it is heliogreenhouse or the transparent roof of sun light green house (1) (1.1) the photovoltaic temperature variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off of rigid light transmissive material (21), soft light material (22) is used Room booth.In figure, dotted line is the transparent roof (1.1) using soft light material (22), and remaining feature is implemented with embodiment 14- Example 17.
Embodiment 19. as can be seen from Figure 32, is heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) arranges multilamellar hot blast zone of heating (9.2) That can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse.Wherein, right half figure is provided with printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5), Printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) is separated to form the hot blast runner (9.3) of helical form or polyline shaped Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2);Remaining is special Levy same embodiment 14-embodiment 19.
Embodiment 20., knowable to Figure 18, Figure 22, Figure 23, Figure 24, Figure 25, Figure 28, Figure 30, is to arrange heat regenerative system (16) Can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity.
It is characterized in that: heat regenerative system (16) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: heliogreenhouse or day are wide Canopy (1), suction tube system (6), thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3);Wherein heat regenerative system (16) at least include following at least a part of which it A kind of system, liquid heat regenerative system, heat pump heat regenerative system, heat pipe heat regenerative system;The heat absorbing end of its heat regenerative system (16) or upper end Connect or connect air outlet or the upper end of suction tube system (6), the release end of heat of heat regenerative system (16) or lower end to connect or connect Catharsis states at least one of which kind position;In heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), in indoor collection heat space (9), suction tube system (6) air inlet or lower end;Heat regenerative system (16) at least includes following equipment, heat sink (16.1), heat transfer pipeline (16.2), heat-releasing apparatus (16.3), drive or compression device (16.4), heat storage device (16.5), heat-transfer working medium (16.6), Wherein drive or compression device (16.4), heat storage device (16.5), heat-transfer working medium (16.6) figure are not drawn into;In backheat system In system (16), heat sink (16.1) is arranged on heat absorbing end or the upper end of heat regenerative system (16);Heat-releasing apparatus (16.3) is arranged on The release end of heat of heat regenerative system (16) or lower end;Heat transfer pipeline (16.2) is not put at heat sink (16.1) and heat-releasing apparatus (16.3), between, heat transfer pipeline (16.2) connects or connects heat sink (16.1), heat-releasing apparatus (16.3);Drive or pressure Contracting equipment (16.4) is arranged in heat transfer pipeline (16.2), drives or compression device (16.4) connects or connects transfer pipes Road (16.2);The inside of heat transfer pipeline (16.2) includes heat-transfer working medium (16.6);Heat transfer pipeline (16.2) appearance includes There is heat-insulation layer.Remaining feature is with embodiment 14-embodiment 19.
Embodiment 21., knowable to Figure 25, Figure 29, is provided with high-altitude cold energy decline and utilizes system (17), high-altitude condensation light The photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off of water system (18).
It is characterized in that: cold energy decline in high-altitude utilizes system (17), high-altitude condensation freshwater system (18) to be arranged on suction tube The stack shell of system (6);Its high-altitude cold energy decline utilizes system (17) to include components described below, drain bucket (17.1), drainage pipe (17.2), air-introduced machine (17.3), drain valve (17.4), water spray equipment (17.5), wherein air-introduced machine (17.3), drain valve Door (17.4) figure is not drawn into;Its high-altitude condensation freshwater system (18) includes components described below: water spray equipment (18.1), cold Solidifying equipment (18.2), collecting device (18.3), seawaterline (18.4), fresh water decline pipeline (18.5), wherein seawaterline (18.4) figure is not drawn into;Its water spray equipment (17.5), water spray equipment (18.1) can be same equipment;Its condensation Equipment (18.2), heat sink (16.1) can be same equipment, and its fresh water declines pipeline (18.5), heat transfer pipeline (16.2) Can be same equipment;Water spray equipment (18.1) can also be arranged in heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) or convulsion The also bottom, bottom of cartridge system (6);Fresh water declines pipeline (18.5), heat transfer pipeline (16.2) can also be arranged on cold energy and decline In duct (6.4.5);High-altitude condensation freshwater system (18) connection cooling system (44) or focusing heat-absorbent surface (43.2).Remaining feature With embodiment 14-embodiment 20.
Embodiment 22., knowable to Figure 33, Figure 34, Figure 35, Figure 36, is provided with can not blocking of outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7) The photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity of sunlight.
It is characterized in that: outside outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) and enclose formation Outdoor heat collecting field (2);Wherein outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7) includes following at least one of which kind parts: rigid light transmissive material (21), soft light material (22), support system (1.3);The flat shape of outdoor heat collecting field (2) includes following one or several Kind: garden cylinder round, 4 limit cylinder rounds;Outdoor heat collecting field (2) includes multi-turn outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7), and the outdoor thermal-arrest of inner ring encloses The bottom of wall (7) is opened without wall.Remaining feature is with embodiment 14-embodiment 21.
Embodiment 23.Knowable to Figure 18, Figure 31, be provided with wind generator system (19) can not keep the sun off and light Measure variable photovoltaic greenhouse.
It is characterized in that: wind generator system (19) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: suction tube system (6), the support system (1.3) of heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) is upper, in the support system (1.3) in printing opacity accumulation of heat building (8).Cause Tower pylon (19.2) for marine wind generator system (19) constitutes about about the half of its total cost, tower pylon (19.2) one-object-many-purposes is cost-effective, reduces investment 30-60%, the most afloat wind power engineering.Remaining feature is same Embodiment 14-embodiment 22.
Embodiment 24. be as can be seen from Figure 38 suction tube system (6) be arranged on mountain top can not keep the sun off and light quantity can The photovoltaic greenhouse become.
It is characterized in that: suction tube system (6) is arranged on mountain top.Mountain peak height is utilized to increase suction tube system (6) Draft, generated energy;Or reduce suction tube system (6) highly, reduce cost.Heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) can also It is arranged on hillside.Remaining feature is with embodiment 14-embodiment 23.
Embodiment 25.Understand from Figure 39, Figure 40 be heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) be arranged on can not building (28) That keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse.
It is characterized in that: heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) are arranged on following at least one of which kind position: building (28) on roof, on the roof of building (28) group.Remaining feature is with embodiment 14-embodiment 24.
Heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) are arranged on the roof of building (28), building (28) group, outside printing opacity Metope (1.2) is arranged on the exterior wall of building (28), constitutes small-sized, miniature that can not keep the sun off and light quantity is variable Photovoltaic greenhouse;So can make full use of city space and carry out agricultural, production of energy.Printing opacity wall face (1.2) and printing opacity Thermal insulation layer (1.9) is also used as the structural member of exterior wall, decoration, and has efficient thermal insulation layer function;Both it had been greatly lowered and had built Build the energy consumption of thing, electric power can be produced again, produce heat energy, five obtain at one stroke.In Figure 40, heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) Area coverage can expand building (28) group or whole block to.In summer, suction tube system (6) is also used as high-altitude Cold energy decline utilizes the drainage pipe (17.2) of system (17) that cold air (can the be the most subzero 70 degree) pressure in high-altitude is transported to Ground, as building (28) group or the low-temperature receiver of whole block cooling refrigeration.High-altitude cold energy declines the spy utilizing system (17) Levy same embodiment 21.In winter, hot wind power generation system (13) can also provide electric power to adopt for building (28) group or whole block Warm.Remaining feature is with embodiment 14-embodiment 24.
Embodiment 26. as can be seen from Figure 18, be provided with pumped storage system (12) can not keep the sun off and light Measure variable photovoltaic greenhouse.It is characterized in that: pumped storage system (12) at least include following at least a part of which it A kind of parts, lower storage reservoir (12.1), pumping equipment (12.2), upper storage reservoir (12.3), hydro-electric power generating equipment (12.4), hydraulic pipeline (12.5);Wherein pumping equipment (12.2), hydro-electric power generating equipment (12.4), hydraulic pipeline (12.5) figure are not drawn into;Water on it Storehouse (12.3) is arranged on top or the middle part of suction tube system (6);Pumping equipment (12.2) at least includes AC electrical and draws water Equipment (12.2.1) or direct current drive pumping equipment (12.2.2);Wherein thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3), lower storage reservoir (12.1), heat Storage facilities (16.5) can be same equipment, and heat sink (16.1), upper storage reservoir (12.3) can be same equipment.Remaining is special Levy same embodiment 14-embodiment 25.

Claims (10)

1. that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse includes heliogreenhouse or booth (1), photovoltaic generation Device (40);Wherein heliogreenhouse or booth (1) include following at least one of which kind component, transparent roof (1.1), printing opacity Flooring (1.4);Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) includes photovoltaic cell (41);It is characterized in that:
Plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50), day is also included in following at least one of which kind device or component or parts Light greenhouse or booth (1), photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), photovoltaic cell (41);
Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) or photovoltaic cell (41) or plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) be arranged on following the most extremely Few one position: on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), transparent roof (1.1), heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) it In, under heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), within heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), printing opacity flooring (1.4), ground.
The most according to claim 1 that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse;It is characterized in that:
Plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) adjusts control photovoltaic cell (41) attitudes vibration amplitude: in photovoltaic cell (41) Face and sunlight ray parallel orientation are between these 2 kinds of attitudes of photovoltaic cell (41) face and sunlight ray perpendicular attitude;Or Person is that 0 ° of attitude is with sunlight ray angle in photovoltaic cell (41) face with sunlight ray angle to photovoltaic cell (41) face Between these 2 kinds of attitudes of 90 ° of attitudes;
Plate face attitude control system (50) adjusts and controls photovoltaic cell (41) plate face attitude automatic tracing tracking sunlight ray, its Photovoltaic cell (41) plate face attitude includes following at least one of which kind, and photovoltaic cell (41) face attitude is perpendicular to or close Be perpendicular to sunlight ray, photovoltaic cell (41) face attitude is parallel to or is approximately parallel to sunlight ray, photovoltaic cell (41) face attitude is tiltedly for sunlight ray.
The most according to claim 1 that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse;It is characterized in that:
Plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) and following at least one of which kind device or component or parts are connected: heliogreenhouse Or booth (1), transparent roof (1.1), printing opacity flooring (1.4), photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), the top of photovoltaic cell (41), light The middle part of volt battery (41), the bottom of photovoltaic cell (41), the sidepiece of photovoltaic cell (41), ground;
Wherein, the plate face of photovoltaic cell (41) is plane or curved;
The attitude control methods in plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) include following at least one of which kind, one-dimensional single shaft appearance State adjustment type, two dimension twin shaft pose adjustment formula, three-dimensional 3 axle pose adjustment formulas;
The version in plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) includes following at least one of which kind, and post rotating plate is facial (51) rotating plate facial (52), sidespin plate facial (53), are hung;
The regulating and controlling mechanism in plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) includes following at least one of which kind, mechanical regulation mechanism (56), hydraulic regulating mechanism, electrical equipment regulating and controlling mechanism, magnetic force regulating and controlling mechanism.
The most according to claim 1 that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse;It is characterized in that:
Photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) also includes following at least one of which kind parts: underframe (42), condenser system (43), cooling System (44), light transmitting shell (45), supporting mechanism (46), suspension gear (47), load governor, accumulator, inverter;
Wherein, photovoltaic cell (41) is in plane or curved;
Photovoltaic cell (41) can be arranged to one side or multiaspect;When photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged to multiaspect, from depression angle See, the photovoltaic cell (41) of multiaspect or and transparent roof (1.1) or printing opacity flooring (1.4) be arranged to a bar staggered or Lattice are staggered;
Photovoltaic cell (41) in height can be arranged to monolayer or multilamellar;When photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged to multilamellar, from Depression angle is seen, the photovoltaic cell (41) of levels is arranged to a bar is staggered or layout is staggered.
The most according to claim 1 that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse;It is characterized in that:
Can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity is arranged on one of them position following: on ground, on mountain, On building (28), on groups of building, on the water surface, on sea;Its flat shape include following one or more: rectangle, square, Circular, polygon;
Among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1):
Its heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) also include following at least one of which kind parts: printing opacity wall face (1.2), Support system (1.3), printing opacity flooring (1.4), printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5), air inlet (1.6), gas outlet (1.7), upper QI KOU (1.8), printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9);
The height of its heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) is between 1.5-150 rice;Its heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) straight Footpath or the length of side are between 0.05-20 kilometer;
Its support system (1.3) carries transparent roof (1.1) or printing opacity flooring (1.4), transparent roof (1.1) or printing opacity Flooring (1.4) covers lower space and defines indoor collection heat space (9);Wherein air inlet (1.6) the UNICOM exterior space is with indoor Collection heat space (9);
Transparent roof therein (1.1) or printing opacity wall face (1.2) or printing opacity flooring (1.4) or printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) or thoroughly Light thermal insulation layer (1.9) includes following at least one of which kind parts: rigid light transmissive material (21), soft light material (22); Support system therein (1.3) includes following at least one of which kind: support pylon (1.3.1), support beam frame (1.3.2); Air inlet therein (1.6) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or the outer edge position of sun light green house (1);
Its printing opacity flooring (1.4) is disposed in the interior the top in collection heat space (9) or middle part or bottom, and printing opacity flooring (1.4) wraps Having included one or more layers, printing opacity flooring (1.4) collects heat space (9) indoor and is separated into multilamellar, makes heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) a printing opacity accumulation of heat building is equivalent to;The bottom in its printing opacity accumulation of heat building is the agricultural greenhouse floor (9.1) of constant temperature and humidity, in agricultural It it is the Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) having monolayer or multilamellar, temperature to be stepped up on greenhouse layer (9.1);
Its printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: transparent roof (1.1) and printing opacity flooring (1.4) between, between printing opacity flooring (1.4) and printing opacity flooring (1.4), between printing opacity flooring (1.4) and ground or the water surface, hot blast In zone of heating (9.2);Printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) is separated to form the hot air flow of helical form or polyline shaped Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) Road (9.3);UNICOM Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2) or hot blast runner (9.3) are gone back in its gas outlet (1.7);
Its printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: transparent roof (1.1), printing opacity wall face (1.2), printing opacity flooring (1.4), printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5), the upper and lower surface of transparent roof (1.1), printing opacity flooring (1.4) upper and lower surface, photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40).
The most according to claim 1 that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse;It is characterized in that:
Can not keep the sun off and the variable photovoltaic greenhouse of light quantity also includes following at least one of which kind system: convulsion Cartridge system (6), hot wind power generation system (13), thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3), heat-preservation fermentation system (4), outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7), lamp Under illuminating system (10), combustion heating system (11), pumped storage system (12), heat regenerative system (16), high-altitude cold energy Fall utilizes system (17), high-altitude condensation freshwater system (18), wind generator system (19), collector system (20);
Wherein, thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) are disposed in the interior bottom or the bottom of collection heat space (9);
Wherein, heat-preservation fermentation system (4) is disposed in the interior middle part or bottom or the bottom of collection heat space (9);
Wherein, the middle part of suction tube system (6) is the inner duct (6.4) ventilated;Its suction tube system (6) includes following one Or several parts: cylinder chimney (6.1), cylinder building (6.2), cylinder endoseptum (6.3), inner duct (6.4), rigid canister (6.5), flexible sleeve Body (6.6), hard and soft mix cylinder (6.7), diversion outlet (6.8), collector system (20);Inner duct (6.4) includes single hole Or porous;Cylinder endoseptum (6.3) is separated into porous inner duct (6.4);Porous inner duct (6.4) include following one or Several: middle temperature duct (6.4.1), high temperature duct (6.4.2), superhigh temperature duct (6.4.3), cold energy decline duct (6.4.5);
Wherein, hot wind power generation system (13) includes following at least one of which kind parts, wind turbine (13.1), electromotor (13.2);Hot wind power generation system (13) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position, the bottom of suction tube system (6), convulsion The inside of cartridge system (6), heliogreenhouse or the inside of sun light green house (1), the inside of indoor collection heat space (9);At hot wind power generation Among system (13): wind turbine therein (13.1) uses horizontal axial type.
Wherein, outside outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) and enclose and define outdoor thermal-arrest Field (2);
Wherein, within light-illuminating system (10) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), the electricity of light-illuminating system (10) Road connects following at least one of which kind device, photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), hot wind power generation system (13):
Wherein, combustion heating system (11) is arranged on bottom or the bottom of suction tube system (6);
Wherein, pumped storage system (12) is arranged on top or the middle part of suction tube system (6);
Wherein, heat regenerative system (16) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1), convulsion Cartridge system (6), thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3);
Wherein, high-altitude cold energy declines the cylinder utilizing system (17), high-altitude condensation freshwater system (18) to be arranged on suction tube system (6) Body;
Wherein, wind generator system (19) can also be arranged on following at least one of which kind position: suction tube system (6), day The support system (1.3) of light greenhouse or sun light green house (1) is upper, in the support system (1.3) in printing opacity accumulation of heat building (8);
Wherein, collector system (20) be arranged on suction tube system (6) in the face of sunlight side.
The most according to claim 3 that can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse;It is characterized in that:
Wherein, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) of post rotating plate facial (51) uses roofbolt (51.1) to support photovoltaic cell (41) rotationally-varying;
Wherein, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) hanging rotating plate facial (52) uses suspension rope (47.1) to suspend photovoltaic in midair Battery (41) is rotationally-varying;
Wherein, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50) of sidespin plate facial (53) uses component (53.1) side to be connected to photovoltaic Battery (41) is rotationally-varying;Component (53.1) includes following at least one of which kind: roofbolt (51.1), support pylon (1.3.1), support beam frame (1.3.2);
Wherein, mechanical regulation mechanism (56) includes following at least one of which kind, clue regulating and controlling mechanism (57), gear regulation and control machine Structure, tooth bar regulating and controlling mechanism, worm gear regulating and controlling mechanism, worm screw regulating and controlling mechanism.
8. according to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in claim 1 or claim 4;Its It is characterised by:
Among photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40):
Photovoltaic cell (41) area that keeps the sun off accounts for transparent roof (1.1) or printing opacity flooring (1.4) accepts the 50% of sunlight area ~100%;
When photovoltaic cell (41) is arranged to multiaspect, see in side-looking angle, the photovoltaic cell (41) of multiaspect is arranged to zigzag Or it is ramp-like;
To photovoltaic cell (41) and photovoltaic cell (41) up and down relative to position, following at least one of which kind interleaved bits can be used Install: upper-lower position is crisscross arranged, postero-anterior position is put and is crisscross arranged;
The plane of photovoltaic cell (41) or negative camber perpendicular to or oblique facing to sunlight;Plane when photovoltaic cell (41) Or negative camber facing to sunlight time, angle is arranged to degree in a vertical angle with sunray or close to vertical angle;
Photovoltaic cell (41) include following one or more: crystal silicon type battery, amorphous silicon type battery, film type battery, soft Property film type battery, light-focusing type battery, multi-element compounds type battery, dye sensitization type battery, CaAs (GaAs) type battery, CIGS (CIGS) type battery, CdTe (cadmium antimonide) type battery, InGaP/A type battery;
Photovoltaic cell (41) includes following at least one of which kind structural stratification;Selective absorbing hot coating (40.11), anti-reflection Layer (40.12), reflector layer (40.13), low transmitting metal level (40.14), thermal insulation layer (40.15);
Wherein, underframe (42) is arranged under photovoltaic cell (41), and is attached thereto;Underframe (42) and following at least a part of which it A kind of device or component or parts connect, plate face attitudes vibration regulation device (50), photovoltaic cell (41), supporting mechanism (46), Suspension gear (47);
Wherein, condenser system (43) includes following at least one of which kind: reflection concentration type system (43.1), refraction type light gathering System (43.2), Fresnel condenser system (43.3);
Wherein, cooling system (44) is arranged on the underframe (42) of photovoltaic cell (41);Cooling system (44) be arranged on following its At least one of plant position: photovoltaic cell (41) back, underframe (42), condenser system (43);Cooling system (44) includes down State at least one of which kind: gas or steam cooling system (44.1), liquid cooling system (44.2), heat pump cooling system (44.3), hot pipe cooling system (44.4), fin cooling system (44.5), finned tube cooling system (44.6);
Wherein, light transmitting shell (45) is arranged on outside or the top of photovoltaic cell (41);
Wherein, the support pylon (1.3.1) of supporting mechanism (46) and heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) be one or with Body, it is also possible to be allosome;
Wherein, suspension gear (47) includes suspension rope (47.1);Plate face attitude control system (50) can be with suspension rope (47.1) connect;Its suspension gear (47) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position, heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) The support beam frame of the support system (1.3) of the support pylon (1.3.1) of support system (1.3), heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) (1.3.2), photovoltaic cell (41).
9. according to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in claim 5 or claim 6;Its It is characterised by:
Among heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1):
Wherein, its printing opacity wall face (1.2) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or the periphery of sun light green house (1);
Wherein, printing opacity flooring (1.4) is arranged in support system (1.3);Printing opacity flooring (1.4) is also provided with photovoltaic generation Device (40);
Wherein, gas outlet (1.7) UNICOM suction tube system (6) and indoor collection heat space (9), or gas outlet (1.7) UNICOM takes out The top of air duct system (6) and indoor collection heat space (9) or top;Gas outlet (1.7) also UNICOM's following at least one of which kind Position: the bottom of suction tube system (6) or bottom, the top of indoor collection heat space (9) or top, Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2), poly- The high temperature air inlet (43.2.7) of burnt photovoltaic cell (41.1);
Wherein, upper QI KOU (1.8) is arranged on following at least one of which kind position: photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40), printing opacity flooring (1.4), it has connected agricultural greenhouse layer (8.1) and Hot-blast Heating layer (9.2);
Its printing opacity wall face (1.2) or printing opacity flooring (1.4) or printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) or printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) include Following at least one of which kind parts, rigid light transmissive material (21), soft light material (22);
Its printing opacity wall face (1.2) or printing opacity flooring (1.4) or printing opacity internal partition wall (1.5) or printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) are provided with Printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9);Printing opacity thermal insulation layer (1.9) includes following at least one of which kind parts: aerogel heat-proof layer (1.9.1), vacuum heat-insulating layer (1.9.2), air heat-insulation layer (1.9.3), insulated foam coating (1.9.4), printing opacity glue thermal insulation layer (1.9.5)。
10. according to the photovoltaic greenhouse variable with light quantity that can not keep the sun off described in content 6, it is characterised in that:
Wherein, thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) include following at least one of which kind parts: heat insulation pool wall (3.1), also include down State at least one of which kind parts: (3.3), printing opacity pond top cover (3.4), warm water body (3.5) at the bottom of (3.2), heat insulation pond at the bottom of pond, close Pond top cover (3.6);Its heat insulation pool wall (3.1) includes following at least one of which kind, the heat insulation pool wall of rigidity (3.1.1), flexibility Heat insulation pool wall (3.1.2);The heat insulation pool wall (3.1) enclosed is constituted with or without the insulation of (3.3) at the bottom of (3.2) at the bottom of pond or heat insulation pond Thermal storage tank (3);Printing opacity pond top cover (3.4) or closed cell top cover (3.6) cover warm water body (3.5);Thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) The degree of depth is between 3-250 rice;At the bottom of the heat insulation pool wall (3.1) in thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3), heat insulation pond, (3.3) include heat-insulation and heat-preservation Layer (23): flexible heat insulation pool wall (3.1.2) includes following at least one of which kind, organic fiber, inorfil;Heat-preservation fermentation The volume of the round (4.1) of system (4) is at 100-50 ten thousand m3Between, its volume constitutes about thermal isolation and heat storage pond (3) volume 1-20% between;
Wherein, heat-preservation fermentation system (4) includes following at least one of which kind parts: round (4.1), insulating (23) printing opacity heat-insulating top capping (4.3), is also included;Its round (4.1) includes following at least one of which kind parts: Rigidity round (4.1.1), flexible round (4.1.2);Round (4.1) connection heat regenerative system (16);
Wherein, flexible cylinder (6.2) includes following at least one of which kind: inflate cylinder ((6.21), cloth film cylinder (6.22);Available flexible cylinder (6.2) or hard and soft mix cylinder (6.3) replace rigid canister (6.1);High temperature gas outlet (43.2.8) the following at least one of which kind position of UNICOM's suction tube system (6), middle temperature duct (6.4.1), high temperature duct are gone back (6.4.2), superhigh temperature duct (6.4.3);Suction tube system (6) uses following at least one of which kind three-dimensional shape: straight tube, cone Cylinder, inversed conical drum, venturi-shaped, trunnion shape, hyperbola, the wealthyest shape, three cylinders, on four sides cylinder, five cylinders, hexahedro cylinder, multiaspects Cylinder;Its height is between 0.01-20 kilometer, and its diameter is between 20-5000 rice;Its wall thickness is between 0.05-150 rice;Convulsion The top of collection heat space (9) in the lower end communication chamber of cartridge system (6), suction tube system (6) is arranged on one of them position following: Heliogreenhouse or the middle part of sun light green house (1), heliogreenhouse or the edge of sun light green house (1), heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) Corner;Its photovoltaic power generation apparatus (40) can also be arranged on suction tube system (6) outer surface;
Wherein, outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7) includes following at least one of which kind parts: rigid light transmissive material (21), flexibility are thoroughly Luminescent material (22), support system (1.3);The flat shape of outdoor heat collecting field (2) include following one or more: garden cylinder round, Polygon cylinder round;Outdoor heat collecting field (2) includes multi-turn outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7), the bottom of the outdoor thermal-arrest enclosure wall (7) of inner ring Open without wall;
Wherein, light-illuminating system (10) includes LED;
Wherein combustion heating system (11) includes following at least one of which kind parts: combustion apparatus (11.1), combustor (11.2), fuel pump deliver line (11.3);
Wherein, pumped storage system (12) at least includes following at least one of which kind parts, lower storage reservoir (12.1), takes out Wetting system (12.2), upper storage reservoir (12.3), hydro-electric power generating equipment (12.4), hydraulic pipeline (12.5);Its upper storage reservoir (12.3) sets Put at the top of suction tube system (6) or middle part;Pumping equipment (12.2) at least includes following at least one of which kind, exchange Electronic pumping equipment (12.2.1), direct current drive pumping equipment (12.2.2);
Wherein, heat regenerative system (16) at least includes following at least one of which kind system, liquid heat regenerative system, heat pump backheat system System, heat pipe heat regenerative system;The heat absorbing end of its heat regenerative system (16) or upper end connect or the air outlet of connection suction tube system (6) Or upper end, the release end of heat of heat regenerative system (16) or lower end connect or connect following at least one of which kind position;Heliogreenhouse Or in sun light green house (1), in indoor collection heat space (9), the air inlet of suction tube system (6) or lower end;Heat regenerative system (16) is extremely Include following at least one of which kind equipment, heat sink (16.1), heat transfer pipeline (16.2), heat-releasing apparatus less (16.3), driving or compression device (16.4), heat storage device (16.5), heat-transfer working medium (16.6);In heat regenerative system (16) In, heat sink (16.1) is arranged on heat absorbing end or the upper end of heat regenerative system (16);Heat-releasing apparatus (16.3) is arranged on backheat system The release end of heat of system (16) or lower end;Heat transfer pipeline (16.2) be arranged on heat sink (16.1) and heat-releasing apparatus (16.3) it Between, heat transfer pipeline (16.2) connects or connects heat sink (16.1), heat-releasing apparatus (16.3);Drive or compression device (16.4) it is arranged in heat transfer pipeline (16.2), drives or compression device (16.4) connects or connects heat transfer pipeline (16.2);The inside of heat transfer pipeline (16.2) includes heat-transfer working medium (16.6);Heat transfer pipeline (16.2) appearance includes Heat-insulation layer;
Wherein, high-altitude cold energy declines and utilizes system (17) to include following at least one of which kind parts, drain bucket (17.1), draws Flow tube road (17.2), air-introduced machine (17.3), drain valve (17.4), water spray equipment (17.5);
Wherein, high-altitude condensation freshwater system (18) includes following at least one of which kind parts: water spray equipment (18.1), Condensing plant (18.2), collecting device (18.3), seawaterline (18.4), fresh water decline pipeline (18.5);
Wherein, wind generator system (19) includes following at least one of which kind parts, wind turbine (19.1), tower pylon (19.2), electromotor (19.3);Tower pylon (19.2) is arranged on heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) or printing opacity accumulation of heat building (8) Support system (1.3) on.Its tower pylon (19.2) can utilize as heliogreenhouse or sun light green house (1) or printing opacity accumulation of heat The support system (1.3) in building (8);
Wherein, collector system (20) includes following at least one of which kind parts, vacuum tube collector (20.1), flat board collection Hot device (20.2).
CN201610567948.4A 2016-07-13 2016-07-13 That can not keep the sun off and that light quantity is variable photovoltaic greenhouse Pending CN106234077A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107068794A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-08-18 江苏康德蛋业有限公司 A kind of translucency roof for poultry farming building
CN108496640A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-09-07 姚鹏 New construction plant greenhouse

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CN103104306A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-15 吕怀民 Hot-wind gravity heat machine
CN104179373A (en) * 2011-05-05 2014-12-03 吕怀民 Multilayer light shed energy device
CN104213731A (en) * 2011-05-05 2014-12-17 吕怀民 Photovoltaic greenhouse building energy source device
CN104863314A (en) * 2015-01-10 2015-08-26 吕怀民 Heat-absorbing surface type light energy device
CN204669996U (en) * 2015-02-15 2015-09-30 中联西北工程设计研究院有限公司 The multi-functional photovoltaic Ecological Greenhouse of a kind of mixing
CN204948922U (en) * 2015-08-21 2016-01-13 徐永 Illumination adjustable diffusion glass photovoltaic greenhouse

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CN102704716A (en) * 2011-05-05 2012-10-03 吕怀民 Light shed energy source device
CN104179373A (en) * 2011-05-05 2014-12-03 吕怀民 Multilayer light shed energy device
CN104213731A (en) * 2011-05-05 2014-12-17 吕怀民 Photovoltaic greenhouse building energy source device
CN103104306A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-15 吕怀民 Hot-wind gravity heat machine
CN104863314A (en) * 2015-01-10 2015-08-26 吕怀民 Heat-absorbing surface type light energy device
CN204669996U (en) * 2015-02-15 2015-09-30 中联西北工程设计研究院有限公司 The multi-functional photovoltaic Ecological Greenhouse of a kind of mixing
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107068794A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-08-18 江苏康德蛋业有限公司 A kind of translucency roof for poultry farming building
CN107068794B (en) * 2017-05-15 2018-12-14 江苏康德蛋业有限公司 A kind of translucency roof for poultry farming building
CN108496640A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-09-07 姚鹏 New construction plant greenhouse

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