CN107371523B - A kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose - Google Patents

A kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107371523B
CN107371523B CN201710692182.7A CN201710692182A CN107371523B CN 107371523 B CN107371523 B CN 107371523B CN 201710692182 A CN201710692182 A CN 201710692182A CN 107371523 B CN107371523 B CN 107371523B
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China
Prior art keywords
liquid
fertilizer
solid
fertilization
mixed
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CN201710692182.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107371523A (en
Inventor
潘万胜
邢明
梁亚
张雪松
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Fuyang Mulong Reed Pond Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd.
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Fuyang Mulong Reed Pond Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C15/00Fertiliser distributors
    • A01C15/12Fertiliser distributors with movable parts of the receptacle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/001Sludge spreaders, e.g. liquid manure spreaders
    • A01C23/002Sludge spreaders, e.g. liquid manure spreaders provided with auxiliary arrangements, e.g. pumps, agitators, cutters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/001Sludge spreaders, e.g. liquid manure spreaders
    • A01C23/003Distributing devices, e.g. for rotating, throwing
    • A01C23/005Nozzles, valves, splash plates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, specifically a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose;Including feeding device, mixing arrangement, dispersal device, fertilizer apparatus and support unit;The feeding device includes capping and hopper, the mixing arrangement can solid fertilizer and liquid fertilizer mixed respectively;The dispersal device is for dispersing mixed fertilizer;The fertilizer apparatus is connected with dispersal device, and fertilizer apparatus is used to fertilizer being delivered to fertilising target area;Fertilizer apparatus supported underneath unit is arranged in for realizing the movement of fertilization system in the support unit.The present invention can be according to the difference of fertilising environment, the carry out solid fertilising of selectivity and two kinds of operation forms of liquid fertilization, traditional fertilization machinery functional single defect in use is avoided, while reducing the replacement back and forth of mechanical equipment, greatly improves working efficiency.

Description

A kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, specifically a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose.
Background technique
With the development of science and technology, existing agricultural tillage mode is just towards mechanization transition, wherein applying fertilizer as agricultural An essential step in farming, fertilizing method are also constantly optimizing, and traditional fertilization mode consumes one's strength and time-consuming, and Fertilizer is uniformly mixed, and utilization rate is not high, phenomena such as easily causing soil hardening, mechanized application as the new era fertilization mode, Have the characteristics that high-efficient, easy to operate, the labor intensity of peasant can also be mitigated using motorisation unit fertilising, improve chemical fertilizer The good effect of utilization rate;But existing fertilizer machinery also has certain use limitation in development process, arranges such as existing fertilising Device can only often be directed to solid fertilizer, and perhaps one of liquid fertilizer carries out fertilising operation or during fertilising to more Kind fertilizer cannot achieve good mixing, in view of the above-mentioned problems, also proposed corresponding solution technical solution, Shen in the prior art Please number are as follows: 201610686489.1 Chinese patent discloses a kind of liquid fertilizer fertilizer apparatus, mainly for liquid Fertilizer carries out fertilising operation, and is directed to the mixing of fertilizer, and application No. is 201510288800.2 Chinese patents to disclose A kind of fertilizer mixer, emphasis be directed to solid fertilizer mixing, not to how to complete fertilizer apparatus operation propose solve Technical solution, it is specific beneficial to effect in consideration of it, the invention discloses a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose Fruit is as follows:
1. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose of the present invention, can be according to fertilising environment not Together, the fertilising of selective carry out solid and two kinds of operation forms of liquid fertilization, avoid traditional fertilization machinery in use Functional single defect, while reducing the replacement back and forth of mechanical equipment, it improves work efficiency.
2. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose of the present invention, can be real by same power device Now to the mixing of solid fertilizer and liquid fertilizer, reduce system bulk to a certain extent, increase fertilization system material containing and The ability of continuation of the journey.
3. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose of the present invention, is provided with dispersal device, Neng Gou It during fertilising, is acted on by dispersal device, provides uniform fertilizer supply for fertilizer apparatus, guarantee fertilizer during fertilising Expect quality, improves fertilization effect.
Summary of the invention
In order to make up for the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose, It is primarily adapted for use in the farmland for needing often to convert between solid fertilizer and liquid fertilizer, and the present invention can be according to fertilising environment Difference, selective carry out solid fertilising and two kinds of operation forms of liquid fertilization avoid traditional fertilization machinery and were using Functional single defect in journey, while reducing the replacement back and forth of mechanical equipment, greatly improve working efficiency.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of fertilising system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose System, including feeding device, mixing arrangement, dispersal device, fertilizer apparatus and support unit;The feeding device include capping and Hopper, the hopper are mounted on above mixing arrangement, and the capping is connected with hopper, and feeding device is used for load bearing solid Fertilizer, while mixing arrangement can be cooperated to mix solid fertilizer, after filling it up with solid fertilizer in hopper, capping is carried out close Envelope, at this point, the solid material paddle in mixing arrangement rotates, can make solid fertilizer stress everywhere, be easy to implement mixing, while also can The enough fertilizer for agglomeration is crushed;The mixing arrangement can mix respectively solid fertilizer and liquid fertilizer;Institute For dispersing mixed fertilizer, dispersal device is located at below mixing arrangement the dispersal device stated, and dispersal device is main For realizing the dispersion divided equally to fertilizer, fertilising operation is carried out convenient for fertilizer apparatus;The fertilizer apparatus and dispersal device phase Connection, fertilizer apparatus are used to fertilizer being delivered to fertilising target area;The support unit is arranged in fertilizer apparatus supported underneath Unit is for realizing the movement of fertilization system, and as a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the support unit is wheeled One of running gear and cterpillar drive.
The mixing arrangement includes shell, liquid material adding mouth, hybrid electric motor, auger leaf, expects paddle, solid use admittedly Click pair, expects control valve, mixing axis and liquid click pair, the shell at liquid material delivery pipe, liquid material control valve admittedly Front and back is provided with liquid material mixing chamber, and middle position is provided with solid material mixing chamber;The liquid material adding mouth is connected with the shell, Liquid material adding mouth is used for adding liquid fertilizer, and during Fertilizer application, some liquid fertilizers needs are diluted, at this time liquid It can access water pipe in adding mouth, dilution water body be added;The hybrid electric motor is mounted on shell rear by electric machine support;It is described Mixing axis be connected by shaft coupling with hybrid electric motor main shaft;The auger leaf is arranged by liquid with click pair On mixing axis, and auger leaf is located inside liquid material mixing chamber;The solid material paddle by using click pair admittedly It is set in the middle part of mixing axis, and material paddle is located at and expects inside mixing chamber admittedly admittedly, as a preferred technical solution of the present invention, It is described solid oppositely oriented during the installation process with click pair and liquid click pair, when needing to carry out to liquid fertilizer Uniformly when mixing, liquid can be rotated with click pair under the action of hybrid electric motor, at this point, not sent out with click pair admittedly Raw rotation, when needing to mix solid fertilizer, Gu it is rotated under the action of hybrid electric motor with click pair, this When, liquid is not rotated with click pair, such design scheme, can be realized under unified driving device to two kinds of fertilizer Uniformly mixing, meanwhile, the less use of agitating member reduces the weight and volume of equipment on certain Chengdu, is conducive to mention The cruising ability of high system and applicable ability;The liquid material delivery pipe is connected with liquid material mixing chamber, and liquid material delivery pipe can incite somebody to action Liquid fertilizer is delivered in dispersal device, and liquid material control valve is located at liquid material delivery pipe lower end, and liquid material control valve is for controlling liquid The supply of fertilizer;The solid material control valve is mounted below solid material mixing chamber, admittedly material control valve is for controlling solid fertilizer Conveying.
The dispersal device include vertical chute, electronic sliding block, supporter, whipping body, whipping driving link, dispersion, Grinding bodies and crushing driving link, the vertical chute are connected with the shell;The supporter is by electronic sliding block and vertically Sliding slot is connected, and supporter can move up and down under the action of electronic sliding block along vertical chute, is provided with card in the middle part of supporter Slot;The whipping body is connected by revolute pair with supporter, and whipping body can be rotated under the action of whipping driving link, As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, it is provided with whipping blade in the middle part of the whipping body, whipping body and fertilizer can be increased The contact area of material realizes the uniform whipping to fertilizer;The dispersion is mounted on inside the card slot on supporter, dispersion Middle part is equipped with multiple through-holes, and dispersion is able to carry out replacement, in specific work process, according to the difference of sub-material type, fertilizer The granular size of material may be different, are easy to implement by the different dispersion of different replacements to the evenly dispersed of fertilizer, are convenient for Fertilizer apparatus uses;The grinding bodies is connected with the shell by revolute, and grinding bodies can be in the effect for crushing driving link Lower rotation is provided with protrusion below the grinding bodies, grinding bodies is in rotary course as a preferred technical solution of the present invention In, male cooperation dispersion in grinding bodies can the biggish solid fertilizer of volume or impurity crushed, when work, work as fertilizer When accumulating in dispersion, supporter moves up material, at this point, grinding bodies rotates under the action of crushing driving link, it is right Fertilizer in dispersion does work, if liquid fertilizer, then grinding bodies is squeezing action to the fertilizer in dispersion, if solid Body fertilizer, then grinding bodies to the fertilizer in dispersion be crush squeezing action, the setting of dispersal device can be to mixing arrangement at Fertilizer after reason is handled again, and preventing fertilizer agglomeration is that fertilizer apparatus work has an impact, while also producing to fertilising quality Raw to influence, the fertilizer by dispersion is uniformly spread under the action of whipping body to fertilizer apparatus.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the fertilizer apparatus includes sub-feed tube, rotor and fertilising end End, the sub-feed tube are connected with the shell, and sub-feed tube may be configured as more, and end of applying fertilizer is mounted on sub-feed tube by rotor Lower section, fertilising end include liquid pressurization spray head and duck-beak type plough, and fertilising end can carry out more under the action of rotor It changes, it includes micro- warehouse, micro pump and water mist spraying head that liquid, which is pressurized spray head, and micro- warehouse can accept the liquid in sub-feed tube Fertilizer, the micro pump inlet opening and micro- warehouse, micro pump apopore are connected with water mist spraying head;Liquid is pressurized spray head For spraying liquid fertilizer, duck-beak type plough is used to complete the fertilising work of solid fertilizer.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the supporter is taper, and the design of taper is to mixing arrangement Different types of fertilizer is realized and is collected, and fertilizer is summarized to dispersion, is fallen after the through-hole in dispersion, is supported Rubber bumps are provided with above card slot in the middle part of body, the setting of rubber bumps is easy to implement the replacement to dispersion.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose of the present invention, can be according to fertilising environment not Together, the fertilising of selective carry out solid and two kinds of operation forms of liquid fertilization, avoid traditional fertilization machinery in use Functional single defect, improves work efficiency.
2. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose of the present invention, can be real by unified power device Now to the mixing of solid fertilizer and liquid fertilizer, reduce system bulk to a certain extent, increase fertilization system material containing and The ability of continuation of the journey.
3. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose of the present invention, is provided with dispersal device, Neng Gou It during fertilising, is acted on by dispersal device, provides uniform fertilizer supply for fertilizer apparatus, guarantee fertilizer during fertilising Expect quality, improves fertilization effect.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further described with embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is main view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of grinding bodies of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view of whipping body of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic perspective view of supporter of the invention;
In figure: feeding device 1, mixing arrangement 2, dispersal device 3, fertilizer apparatus 4, support unit 5, capping 11, hopper 12, Shell 21, hybrid electric motor 23, auger leaf 24, expects paddle 25 admittedly, uses click pair 26, liquid admittedly at liquid material adding mouth 22 Material conveying tube 27, liquid material control valve 28, admittedly expect control valve 29, mixing axis 210, liquid click pair 211, vertical chute 31, Electronic sliding block 32, whipping body 34, whipping driving link 35, dispersion 36, grinding bodies 37, crushes driving link 38, sub-material at supporter 33 Pipe 41, rotor 42, liquid pressurization spray head 43, duck-beak type plough 44, micro- warehouse 45, micro pump 46 and water mist spraying head 47.
Specific embodiment
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Specific embodiment is closed, the present invention is further explained.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose of the present invention, including charging Device 1, mixing arrangement 2, dispersal device 3, fertilizer apparatus 4 and support unit 5;The feeding device 1 includes capping 11 and material Bucket 12, the hopper 12 are mounted on 2 top of mixing arrangement, and the capping 11 is connected with hopper 12, and feeding device 1 is used for Load bearing solid fertilizer, while mixing arrangement 2 can be cooperated to mix solid fertilizer, after filling it up with solid fertilizer in hopper 12, Capping 11 is sealed, at this point, the solid material paddle 25 in mixing arrangement 2 rotates, solid fertilizer stress everywhere can be made, be convenient for It realizes mixing, while can be also crushed for the fertilizer of agglomeration;The mixing arrangement 2 can be to solid fertilizer and Liquid Fertilizer Material is mixed respectively;For the dispersal device 3 for dispersing mixed fertilizer, dispersal device 3 is located at mixing dress 2 lower sections are set, dispersal device 3 is mainly used for realizing the dispersion divided equally to fertilizer, carries out fertilising operation convenient for fertilizer apparatus 4;It is described Fertilizer apparatus 4 be connected with dispersal device 3, fertilizer apparatus 4 is used to fertilizer being delivered to fertilising target area;The support list 4 supported underneath unit 5 of fertilizer apparatus is arranged in for realizing the movement of fertilization system, as a kind of preferred skill of the present invention in member 5 Art scheme, the support unit 5 are one of running gear system and cterpillar drive.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose of the present invention, described is mixed Attach together set 2 include shell 21, liquid material adding mouth 22, hybrid electric motor 23, auger leaf 24, admittedly expect paddle 25, use ratchet admittedly Pawl pair 26, liquid material control valve 28, expects control valve 29, mixing axis 210 and liquid click pair 211 at liquid material delivery pipe 27 admittedly, Liquid material mixing chamber is provided with before and after the shell 21, middle position is provided with solid material mixing chamber;The liquid material adding mouth 22 are connected with shell 21, and liquid material adding mouth 22 is used for adding liquid fertilizer, and during Fertilizer application, some liquid fertilizers are needed It is diluted, can access water pipe in liquid adding mouth 22 at this time, dilution water body is added;The hybrid electric motor 23 passes through motor Bracket is mounted on 21 rear of shell;The mixing axis 210 is connected by shaft coupling with 23 main shaft of hybrid electric motor;The spiral shell Rotation paddle 24 is set on mixing axis 210 by liquid click pair 211, and auger leaf 24 is located at liquid material mixing chamber It is internal;The solid material paddle 25 is set in 210 middle part of mixing axis with click pair 26 by solid, and expects paddle 25 admittedly Inside solid material mixing chamber, as a preferred technical solution of the present invention, described is solid with click pair 26 and liquid use Click pair 211 is oppositely oriented during the installation process, when needing uniformly to mix liquid fertilizer, liquid click Pair 211 can rotate under the action of hybrid electric motor 23, at this point, solid do not rotated with click pair 26, when needs pair When solid fertilizer is mixed, Gu it is rotated under the action of hybrid electric motor with click pair 26, at this point, liquid is with ratchet spine Pawl pair 211 does not rotate, such design scheme, can realize the uniform mixing to two kinds of fertilizer, together under unified driving device When, the less use of agitating member reduces the weight and volume of equipment on certain Chengdu, is conducive to the continuation of the journey of raising system Ability and applicable ability;The liquid material delivery pipe 27 is connected with liquid material mixing chamber, and liquid material delivery pipe 27 can be by liquid fertilizer It is delivered in dispersal device 3, liquid material control valve 28 is located at 27 lower end of liquid material delivery pipe, and liquid material control valve 28 is for controlling liquid fertilizer The supply of material;The solid material control valve 29 is mounted below solid material mixing chamber, admittedly material control valve 29 is for controlling solid fertilizer Conveying.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose of the present invention, dispersal device 3 Including vertical chute 31, electronic sliding block 32, supporter 33, whipping body 34, whipping driving link 35, dispersion 36,37 and of grinding bodies Driving link 38 is crushed, the vertical chute 31 is connected with shell 21;The supporter 33 is by electronic sliding block 32 and erects Straight runner 31 is connected, and supporter 33 can move up and down under the action of electronic sliding block 32 along vertical chute 31, supporter 33 Middle part is provided with card slot;The whipping body 34 is connected by revolute pair with supporter 33, and whipping body 34 can be dynamic in whipping original It is rotated under the action of part 35, as a preferred technical solution of the present invention, is provided with and gets rid of in the middle part of the whipping body 34 Movable vane piece can increase the contact area of whipping body 34 Yu fertilizer, realize the uniform whipping to fertilizer;The dispersion 36 is installed Inside the card slot on supporter 33, multiple through-holes are equipped in the middle part of dispersion 36, and dispersion 36 is able to carry out replacement, specific In the course of work, according to the difference of sub-material type, the granular size of fertilizer may be different, pass through the different dispersion of different replacements Body 36 is easy to implement to the evenly dispersed of fertilizer, is used convenient for fertilizer apparatus 4;The grinding bodies 37 passes through revolute and shell 31 are connected, and grinding bodies 37 can rotate under the action of crushing driving link 38, as a preferred technical solution of the present invention, Protrusion is provided with below the grinding bodies 37, male cooperation dispersion 36 of the grinding bodies 37 in rotary course, in grinding bodies 37 Can the biggish solid fertilizer of volume or impurity crushed, when work, when fertilizer is accumulated in dispersion 36, supporter 33 move up, at this point, grinding bodies 37 rotates under the action of crushing driving link 38, carry out to the fertilizer in dispersion 36 Acting, if liquid fertilizer, then grinding bodies is squeezing action to the fertilizer in dispersion 36, if solid fertilizer, then grinding bodies Fertilizer in 37 pairs of dispersions 36 is to crush squeezing action, and the setting of dispersal device 3 can be to treated the fertilizer of mixing arrangement 2 It is handled again, preventing fertilizer agglomeration is that the work of fertilizer apparatus 4 has an impact, while also having an impact to fertilising quality, is passed through The fertilizer for crossing dispersion 36 is uniformly spread under the action of whipping body 34 to fertilizer apparatus 4.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose of the present invention, described applies Fertile device 4 includes that sub-feed tube 41, rotor 42 and fertilising end, the sub-feed tube 41 are connected with shell 21, sub-feed tube 41 It may be configured as more, fertilising end is mounted on 41 lower section of sub-feed tube by rotor 42, and fertilising end includes liquid pressurization spray head 43 and duck-beak type plough 44, fertilising end can be replaced under the action of rotor 42, and it includes micro- that liquid, which is pressurized spray head 43, Warehouse 45, micro pump 46 and water mist spraying head 47, micro- warehouse 45 can accept the liquid fertilizer in sub-feed tube 41, described 46 inlet opening of micro pump and micro- warehouse 45,46 apopore of micro pump are connected with water mist spraying head 47;Liquid is pressurized spray head 43 For spraying liquid fertilizer, duck-beak type plough 44 is used to complete the fertilising work of solid fertilizer.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose of the present invention, the branch Support body 33 is taper, and mixing arrangement 2 is realized in the design of taper, which to different types of fertilizer, to be collected, and fertilizer is summarized to dispersion It on body 36, falls after the through-hole in dispersion 36, is provided with rubber bumps, rubber bumps above 33 middle part card slot of supporter Setting be easy to implement the replacement to dispersion 36.
When work, corresponding fertilizer type is added in this equipment according to working environment first, if solid fertilizer, then Fertilizer is stirred using the solid material paddle 25 in mixing arrangement 2, if liquid fertilizer, then using in mixing arrangement 2 Auger leaf 24 is stirred, again during, can use mixing of the same driving device item to two kinds of fertilizer, mixing After the completion, material control valve 29 admittedly is then opened if solid fertilizer, liquid material control valve 28 is then opened if liquid fertilizer, rear fertilizer exists It under the action of supporter 33, is collected in dispersion 36, after dispersion 36 is uniformly distributed, extremely by the uniform whipping of whipping body 34 In fertilizer apparatus 4, then fertilizer apparatus 4 is started to work, and different different execution ends are first selected according to fertilization type, if Solid fertilizer then selects duck-beak type plough 44, and liquid is then selected to be pressurized spray head 43 if liquid fertilizer, above-mentioned each in the present invention It can be cooperated between kind of device, realize the mixing to variety classes fertilizer, it is rear to realize to solid fertilizer and liquid fertilizer Fertilising operation.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and only illustrating for the description in above embodiments and description is of the invention Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these change and change Into all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent It defines.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose, it is characterised in that: including feeding device (1), mixing arrangement (2), dispersal device (3), fertilizer apparatus (4) and support unit (5);The feeding device (1) includes capping (11) and hopper (12), the hopper (12) is mounted on above mixing arrangement (2), and the capping (11) is connected with hopper (12), is fed Device (1) is used for load bearing solid fertilizer, while mixing arrangement (2) can be cooperated to mix solid fertilizer;The mixing dress Solid fertilizer and liquid fertilizer can be mixed respectively by setting (2);The dispersal device (3) be used for by mixed fertilizer into Row dispersion, dispersal device (3) are located at below mixing arrangement (2);The fertilizer apparatus (4) is connected with dispersal device (3), applies Fertile device (4) is used to fertilizer being delivered to fertilising target area;Support unit (5) setting is propped up below fertilizer apparatus (4) Unit (5) are supportted for realizing the movement of fertilization system;
The mixing arrangement (2) include shell (21), liquid material adding mouth (22), hybrid electric motor (23), auger leaf (24), Admittedly material paddle (25), admittedly with click pair (26), liquid material delivery pipe (27), liquid material control valve (28), expect control valve admittedly (29), it is secondary (211) with click that axis (210) and liquid are mixed, is provided with liquid material mixing chamber before and after the shell (21), in Meta position, which installs, is equipped with solid material mixing chamber;The liquid material adding mouth (22) is connected with shell (21);The hybrid electric motor (23) shell (21) rear is mounted on by electric machine support;The mixing axis (210) passes through shaft coupling and hybrid electric motor (23) Main shaft is connected;The auger leaf (24) is set in mixing axis (210) by liquid with click secondary (211), and Auger leaf (24) is located inside liquid material mixing chamber;The solid material paddle (25) passes through admittedly with click secondary (26) set It is located in the middle part of mixing axis (210), and material paddle (25) is located inside material mixing chamber admittedly admittedly;The liquid material delivery pipe (27) with Liquid material mixing chamber is connected, and liquid fertilizer can be delivered in dispersal device (3) by liquid material delivery pipe (27), liquid material control valve (28) Positioned at liquid material delivery pipe (27) lower end, liquid material control valve (28) is used to control the supply of liquid fertilizer;The solid material control valve (29) it is mounted below solid material mixing chamber, admittedly material control valve (29) is used to control the conveying of solid fertilizer.
2. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: point It is in bulk set (3) include vertical chute (31), electronic sliding block (32), supporter (33), whipping body (34), whipping driving link (35), Dispersion (36), grinding bodies (37) and crushing driving link (38), the vertical chute (31) are connected with shell (21);It is described Supporter (33) be connected with vertical chute (31) by electronic sliding block (32), supporter (33) can be in electronic sliding block (32) Under the action of moved up and down along vertical chute (31), be provided with card slot in the middle part of supporter (33);The whipping body (34) passes through Revolute pair is connected with supporter (33), and whipping body (34) can be rotated under the action of whipping driving link (35);Described Dispersion (36) is mounted on inside the card slot on supporter (33), and dispersion (36) is able to carry out replacement, in dispersion (36) Portion is equipped with multiple through-holes;The grinding bodies (37) is connected by revolute with shell (21), and grinding bodies (37) can be in powder It is rotated under the action of broken driving link (38).
3. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described applies Fertile device (4) includes that sub-feed tube (41), rotor (42) and fertilising end, the sub-feed tube (41) are connected with shell (21) It connects, sub-feed tube (41) may be configured as more, and fertilising end is mounted below sub-feed tube (41) by rotor (42), end of applying fertilizer Including liquid pressurization spray head (43) and duck-beak type plough (44), fertilising end can carry out more under the action of rotor (42) It changes, it includes micro- warehouse (45), micro pump (46) and water mist spraying head (47), micro- warehouse (45) that liquid, which is pressurized spray head (43), It can accept the liquid fertilizer in sub-feed tube (41), the micro pump (46) inlet opening and micro- warehouse (45), micro pump (46) apopore is connected with water mist spraying head (47);Liquid pressurization spray head (43) is for spraying liquid fertilizer, duck-beak type plough (44) for completing the fertilising work of solid fertilizer.
4. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the branch Supportting unit (5) is one of running gear system and cterpillar drive.
5. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described consolidates It is oppositely oriented during the installation process with click secondary (26) and liquid click secondary (211).
6. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the crushing It is provided with protrusion below body (37), male cooperation dispersion (36) of the grinding bodies (37) in rotary course, in grinding bodies (37) The biggish solid fertilizer of volume or impurity can be crushed.
7. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described gets rid of It is provided with whipping blade in the middle part of kinetoplast (34), the contact area of whipping body (34) and fertilizer can be increased, is realized to the uniform of fertilizer Whipping.
8. a kind of fertilization system convenient for mixed Solid/liquid two purpose according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the branch Support body (33) is taper, is provided with rubber bumps above card slot in the middle part of supporter (33).
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CN107836188B (en) * 2017-12-12 2019-06-04 新昌县城关升华机械厂 A kind of agricultural fertilizer device
CN108945436A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-12-07 烟台工程职业技术学院 A kind of solid-liquid facilitates the agricultural unmanned plane of switching
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CN109479474A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-03-19 黄仙才 A kind of agricultural fertilizer solid fertilizer broadcast application device
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