CN107321427A - A kind of extrusion crusher - Google Patents

A kind of extrusion crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107321427A
CN107321427A CN201710586785.9A CN201710586785A CN107321427A CN 107321427 A CN107321427 A CN 107321427A CN 201710586785 A CN201710586785 A CN 201710586785A CN 107321427 A CN107321427 A CN 107321427A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
extruding
wheel
rotating blade
mentioned
extruding wheel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710586785.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵祝堂
Original Assignee
赵祝堂
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 赵祝堂 filed Critical 赵祝堂
Priority to CN201710586785.9A priority Critical patent/CN107321427A/en
Publication of CN107321427A publication Critical patent/CN107321427A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D82/00Crop conditioners, i.e. machines for crushing or bruising stalks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/02Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis
    • A01F29/025Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis with feeding direction parallel to axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • B02C18/20Sickle-shaped knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of extrusion crusher, including frame, it is fixed on extruding reducing mechanism and motor in frame, the extruding reducing mechanism right-hand member is provided with feed hopper, the extruding reducing mechanism lower end is provided with discharging opening, it is pulverizing chamber inside the extruding reducing mechanism, anterior-posterior horizontal, which is provided with, in the pulverizing chamber is parallel to each other and two extrusion crusher structures of structure identical, two extrusion crusher structures are driven by being arranged in frame and each independent motor respectively, two extrusion crusher structures include extruding wheel and rotating blade, the extruding wheel and rotating blade are fixedly connected on the output shaft of motor;Screen cloth and drainage channel are additionally provided with the pulverizing chamber, the screen cloth is arranged on the lower end of extruding wheel and cutter;The drainage channel includes discharge outlet and plurality of guiding gutter, and a plurality of guiding gutter is opened up along the inwall of pulverizing chamber, and a plurality of guiding gutter is connected with discharge outlet.Advantage:It is simple in construction, easy to operate, efficiency high, adjustable particle size size.

Description

A kind of extrusion crusher
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of size reduction machinery, more particularly to a kind of extrusion crusher.
Background technology
At present, the straw left or the vegetables that can not be sold can not directly be burned after crops harvesting, can only be in nature Field corner or roadside are deposited in environment to rot, and pollute environment;In addition, making to green plants by extruding pulverization process Green plants returns rice field again as organic fertilizer, can also as mushroom former fertilizer, the feed of animal husbandry etc. is used so that Pollution can be avoided, green plants can be fully beneficial to again;Simultaneously for straw etc., it is necessary to first be cut to be conducive to further Carry out pulverizing processing;Thus, a kind of pulverizer that can be cut and crushed to machined object is needed badly.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to the shortcoming for overcoming above-mentioned prior art, there is provided a kind of simple in construction, easy to operate, efficiency Height, the extrusion crusher of adjustable particle size size.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem is as follows:A kind of extrusion crusher, including frame, it is fixed on machine Extruding reducing mechanism and motor on frame, above-mentioned extruding reducing mechanism right-hand member are provided with feed hopper, above-mentioned extruding reducing mechanism lower end Be provided with discharging opening, inside above-mentioned extruding reducing mechanism in pulverizing chamber, above-mentioned pulverizing chamber anterior-posterior horizontal be provided be parallel to each other and Two extrusion crusher structures of structure identical, two above-mentioned extrusion crusher structures respectively by be arranged in frame and each it is independent Motor drives, and the spacing between two above-mentioned extrusion crusher structures is adjustable;Two above-mentioned extrusion crusher structures include extruding Wheel and rotating blade, above-mentioned extruding wheel and rotating blade are fixedly connected on the output shaft of motor;
Screen cloth and drainage channel are provided with above-mentioned pulverizing chamber, above-mentioned screen cloth is arranged under extruding wheel and rotating blade End;Above-mentioned drainage channel includes discharge outlet and plurality of guiding gutter, and a plurality of above-mentioned guiding gutter opens up along the inwall of pulverizing chamber, it is a plurality of on Guiding gutter is stated with discharge outlet to be connected.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Extruding wheel and rotating blade are coaxially connected on the output shaft of motor, extruding wheel and Rotating blade is provided with two and is provided with two motors and drives respectively, simplifies extrusion crusher structure;Meanwhile, two are above-mentioned crowded Press the spacing between disintegrating mechanism adjustable, between being adjusted so as to the size of processing particle diameter as needed between two extruding wheels Away from;In addition, rotating blade can first cut the machined object for needing to crush, be conducive to further carrying out powder by extruding wheel Broken, the collective effect of rotating blade and extruding wheel is conducive to improving processing efficiency.Therefore, the present invention has simple in construction, operation Conveniently, the advantages of efficiency high, adjustable particle size size.
On the basis of above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention can also do following improvement.
Further, axle of the above-mentioned extruding reducing mechanism with offering the output shaft for wearing motor close to motor one end Hole, above-mentioned axis hole is the strip hole that two ends are semi arch, and above-mentioned axis hole is additionally operable to adjust the spacing of two extrusion crusher structures;
Above-mentioned motor is arranged on the bracket in frame, and above-mentioned bracket is provided with two bar holes being parallel to each other, above-mentioned The corner of motor, which is bolted, to be fixed on bar hole;When not tightening nut, motor can be moved on bar hole, by above-mentioned motor Moved on bar hole, so that motor is set at the desired position as needed;Above-mentioned motor is provided with output shaft, above-mentioned output One end of axle is by output shaft hole and stretches into above-mentioned pulverizing chamber and is connected with extruding wheel and rotating blade.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Because extruding wheel and rotating blade are fixedly connected on the defeated of motor On shaft, motor can be moved on bar hole, so as to be adjusted by adjusting the spacing between two motors between two extruding wheels Spacing, satisfaction is processed to different size of particle diameter.
Further, above-mentioned extruding wheel is fixedly connected on the output shaft of motor and in pulverizing chamber, above-mentioned rotating blade It is coaxially connected and be arranged on the end of motor output shaft with above-mentioned extruding wheel, it is provided with axle between above-mentioned extruding wheel and rotating blade Set.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:By the way that above-mentioned rotating blade and extruding wheel are arranged on same axle On, and rotating blade first contact with machined object so as to first first being cut to it, make the suitable extruding wheel of machined object extrude from And it is crushed, thus, expand the scope of application of pulverizer;Meanwhile, rotating blade also plays the role of crushing.
Further, above-mentioned extruding wheel is in one end closure, the tubular structure of another end opening, and it blocks end and is provided with connecting hole, The output shaft of the connecting hole and motor is connected;Its openend is towards above-mentioned rotating blade.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Extruding wheel is cylindrical in shape structure, is conducive to mitigating the weight of extruding wheel Amount, and one end opening, are easy to be connected on the output shaft of motor.
Further, striped is offered on the outer surface of above-mentioned extruding wheel.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:By offering striped on the outer surface of extruding wheel, favorably In the operating efficiency for improving extruding wheel.
Further, above-mentioned axle sleeve is arranged on the output shaft of motor and is arranged between extruding wheel and rotating blade, above-mentioned One end of axle sleeve heads on extruding wheel, and the other end heads on rotating blade.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Axle sleeve is provided between extruding wheel and rotating blade, makes axle Set one end heads on extruding wheel, extruding wheel is pressed closer output shaft, so that it is fixed;Meanwhile, be conducive to fixing rotating blade.
Further, above-mentioned rotating blade is arranged on the end of rotating shaft, and its one end heads on axle sleeve, and the other end is connected by nut Fixation is connect, if above-mentioned rotating blade is provided with dry plate blade.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Multi-disc piece knife is provided with, is conducive to piece knife to be connect with machined object Touch, so as to be conducive to cutting machined object.
Further, above-mentioned screen cloth is arranged on extruding wheel and the lower end of cutter and its two ends and is located in crushing chamber interior walls, Above-mentioned screen cloth is curved, and it is arranged on the lower section of extruding wheel and rotating blade, and its two ends is located on the both sides inwall of pulverizing chamber Deep-slotted chip breaker on, above-mentioned screen cloth can along above-mentioned deep-slotted chip breaker insert or take out, above-mentioned screen cloth be provided with multiple sieve apertures.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:After machined object is processed, being ground into can be by screen cloth Particle is by screen cloth, and intransitable particle is then processed again, is conducive to making the particle diameter processed more uniform.
Further, above-mentioned discharge outlet is opened on the lower wall of the lower end of above-mentioned screen cloth, and above-mentioned discharge outlet is arranged on discharging opening Side, above-mentioned discharge outlet is connected with a plurality of above-mentioned guiding gutter and passes lower wall.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Discharge outlet is opened in the lower wall of pulverizing chamber, and with a plurality of water conservancy diversion Groove is connected, and is conducive to water to be pooled to discharge outlet along guiding gutter, so as to be conducive to collecting or draining.
Further, a plurality of above-mentioned guiding gutter is opened on the madial wall and lower wall of pulverizing chamber, and a plurality of above-mentioned guiding gutter is connected Lead to and be connected with discharge outlet.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Guiding gutter is provided with the madial wall of pulverizing chamber, madial wall is led Chute collects the water for splashing madial wall and flows to discharge outlet, meanwhile, the lower wall of pulverizing chamber is also equipped with guiding gutter, so as to collect The water that is flowed down from the madial wall of pulverizing chamber simultaneously makes it flow at discharge outlet.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the integrally-built schematic diagram of the extrusion crusher of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is sectional views of the Fig. 1 along A-A directions;
Fig. 3 is sectional views of the Fig. 2 along B-B directions;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of a-quadrant in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is that Fig. 1 removes the left view that reducing mechanism is extruded after frame and motor;
Fig. 6 is that Fig. 3 removes the schematic diagram after screen cloth;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the extruding wheel of the embodiment of the present invention 2;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram that 2 two extruding wheels of the embodiment of the present invention are used cooperatively;
Fig. 9 be Fig. 8 ajust and amplification at latter two extruding wheel cooperation of deciding what is right and what is wrong top view;
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of the belt drive unit of the embodiment of the present invention 3.
In accompanying drawing, the list of parts representated by each label is as follows:
1st, frame, 2, extruding reducing mechanism, 3, motor, 20, feed hopper, 21, discharging opening, 22, pulverizing chamber, 23, extruding wheel, 24th, rotating blade, 25, axle sleeve, 26, screen cloth, 27, guiding gutter, 28, discharge outlet, 29, axis hole, 30, output shaft, 230, connecting hole, 231st, projection, 232, projection cashier's groove, 260, sieve aperture, 401, driving wheel, 402, driven pulley, 403, tensioning wheel, 404, transmission belt.
Embodiment
The principle and feature of the present invention are described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, and It is non-to be used to limit the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of extrusion crusher, including frame 1, the extruding reducing mechanism 2 that is fixed in frame 1 And motor 3, the right-hand member of above-mentioned extruding reducing mechanism 2 is provided with feed hopper 20, and above-mentioned extruding reducing mechanism lower end is provided with discharging opening 21, It is that anterior-posterior horizontal is provided with and is parallel to each other and structure is identical in pulverizing chamber 22, above-mentioned pulverizing chamber 22 inside above-mentioned extruding reducing mechanism Two extrusion crusher structures, two above-mentioned extrusion crusher structures are respectively by being arranged in frame 1 and each independent motor 3 drives It is dynamic, and the spacing between two above-mentioned extrusion crusher structures is adjustable;Two above-mentioned extrusion crusher structures include the He of extruding wheel 23 Rotating blade 24, above-mentioned extruding wheel 23 and rotating blade 24 are fixedly connected on the output shaft 30 of motor 3.Above-mentioned two extrudes powder The steering of broken mechanism is opposite;Three extrusion crusher structures or more extrusion crusher structure can also be arranged as required to, for example, is existed The underface of two above-mentioned extrusion crusher structures sets a structure identical extrusion crusher structure again, while entering to pulverizing chamber 22 Row is corresponding to be improved, and it is processed with two above-mentioned extrusion crusher structure collective effects.
Screen cloth 26 and drainage channel are provided with above-mentioned pulverizing chamber 22, above-mentioned screen cloth 22 is arranged on extruding wheel 23 and rotating knife The lower end of piece 24;Above-mentioned drainage channel includes discharge outlet 28 and plurality of guiding gutter 27, and a plurality of above-mentioned guiding gutter 27 is along pulverizing chamber 22 Inwall open up, a plurality of above-mentioned guiding gutter 27 is connected with discharge outlet 28.Above-mentioned discharge outlet 28 is used for draining, for the ease of row Water, it is settable to have multiple discharge outlet 28, be conducive to collecting what is discharged in addition, also can use drainpipe to be connected to discharge outlet 28 and sentence Water.
It is preferred that, as shown in figure 5, further, above-mentioned extruding reducing mechanism close to the one end of motor 3 with offering for wearing The axis hole 29 of the output shaft 30 of motor 3, above-mentioned axis hole 29 is the strip hole that two ends are semi arch, and above-mentioned axis hole 29 is additionally operable to regulation The spacing of two extrusion crusher structures.By offering the axis hole 29 for the strip that two ends are semi arch, between regulation output shaft 30 Spacing condition is provided, output shaft 30 adjust between two halves circular arc, so that between can adjust extrusion crusher structure Spacing;Further, since axis hole 29 leave one it is intersegmental away from for output shaft regulation needed for, thus, output shaft 30 is connected on axis hole 29 When there is space, but space is smaller, does not have much influences on pulverizer, meanwhile, in pulverizing chamber 22 extruding wheel 23 is pressed close to axle Hole 29, can prevent machined object from being spilt from space, can also correspond to axis hole 29 set adjustable berth away from baffle plate prevent Only machined object is spilt from space.
Above-mentioned motor is arranged on the bracket in frame 3, and above-mentioned bracket is provided with two bar holes being parallel to each other, above-mentioned The corner of motor 3, which is bolted, to be fixed on bar hole;When not tightening nut, motor 3 can be moved on bar hole, by above-mentioned electricity Machine 3 is moved on bar hole, so that motor is set at the desired position as needed;Above-mentioned motor 3 is provided with output shaft 29, on The one end for stating output shaft 29 is stretched into above-mentioned pulverizing chamber 22 and is connected with extruding wheel 23 and rotating blade 24.
It is preferred that, as shown in Figures 2 to 4, above-mentioned extruding wheel 23 is fixedly connected on the output shaft 30 of motor 3 and positioned at powder In broken room 22, above-mentioned rotating blade 24 and above-mentioned extruding wheel 23 are coaxially connected and are arranged on the end of the output shaft 30 of motor 3, above-mentioned Axle sleeve 25 is provided between extruding wheel 23 and rotating blade 24.
It is preferred that, as shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 7, above-mentioned extruding wheel 23 is blocked in one end, the tubular structure of another end opening, It blocks end and is provided with connecting hole 230, and the output shaft 30 of the connecting hole 230 and motor 3 is connected;Its openend is towards above-mentioned Rotating blade 24.
It is preferred that, offer striped on the outer surface of above-mentioned extruding wheel 23;Be provided with striped be in order to improve processing efficiency, Striped, which replaces with protruding rail, can also improve processing efficiency.
It is preferred that, as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, above-mentioned axle sleeve 25 is arranged on the output shaft 30 of motor 3 and is arranged on extruding wheel Between 23 and rotating blade 24, one end of above-mentioned axle sleeve 25 heads on extruding wheel 23, and the other end heads on rotating blade 24.
It is preferred that, as shown in Figures 2 to 4, above-mentioned rotating blade 24 is arranged on the end of output shaft 30, and its one end is headed on Axle sleeve 25, the other end is connected by nut, if above-mentioned rotating blade 24 is provided with dry plate blade.
It is preferred that, as shown in Figures 2 to 4, above-mentioned screen cloth 26 is curved, and it is arranged on extruding wheel 23 and rotating blade 24 Lower section, its two ends are located on the deep-slotted chip breaker on the both sides inwall of pulverizing chamber 22, and above-mentioned screen cloth 26 can be inserted along above-mentioned deep-slotted chip breaker Or take out, above-mentioned screen cloth 26 is provided with multiple sieve apertures 260.For convenience of change screen cloth 26, pulverizing chamber can be set to above and below two halves, And it is logical make above and below two halves be connected and to be fixed on one piece of shape integral.
It is preferred that, as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, above-mentioned discharge outlet 28 is opened on the lower wall of above-mentioned screen cloth 26, and above-mentioned draining Mouthfuls 28 are arranged on the side of discharging opening 21, and above-mentioned discharge outlet 28 is connected with a plurality of above-mentioned guiding gutter 27 and passes lower wall.
It is preferred that, as shown in Figures 3 to 5, a plurality of above-mentioned guiding gutter 27 is opened on the madial wall and lower wall of pulverizing chamber 22, A plurality of above-mentioned guiding gutter 27 is connected and is connected with discharge outlet 28.
Carried out in the extrusion crusher provided embodiment 1 in use, according to the physical characteristic and needs of machined object Processing into particle size requirement, the suitably spacing between regulation motor 3, so that between adjusting between extrusion crusher structure Away from two motors 3 are transferred to and tightens bolt behind suitable position and is fixed;Then, motor 3 is opened, just can be processed.Processing When, machined object is first contacted with rotating blade 24, so as to be chopped into, pinch roller 23 is squeezed after chopping and is extruded and by rotating blade 24 Be ground into after cutting can by after the particle diameter of sieve aperture 260 of screen cloth 26 pass through sieve aperture 260, through screen cloth 26 after pass through the row of discharging opening 21 Go out, just complete processing.When machined object is extruded, its water contained is extruded and splashed after the inwall of pulverizing chamber 22 along leading Chute 27 is pooled at discharge outlet 28 and discharged.
Embodiment 2:
On the basis of embodiment 1, as an improvement embodiment:As shown in Figure 7 to 9, above-mentioned extruding wheel 23 Be provided with multigroup projection and a plurality of projection accommodating groove 232, multigroup above-mentioned projection and a plurality of projection accommodating groove 232 alternate and Every setting, every group of above-mentioned projection is symmetrically disposed on the appearance of extruding wheel 23 as symmetrical centre by multiple axle center using extruding wheel 23 Projection 321 on face is constituted;In the extruding wheel 23 that two are used in combination, its above-mentioned projection 231 and projection accommodating groove 232 are relative It should set, and the projection 231 of two above-mentioned extruding wheels 23 is respectively protruding into mutual projection accommodating groove 232.
The embodiment of embodiment 2 is similar with the embodiment of embodiment 1, when in use, the extruding powder that embodiment 2 is provided Broken machine is as different from Example 1:When motor 1 rotates, above-mentioned projection 231 plays a part of blast fan, by the material of chopping Acceleration rotation is carried out, the crushing effect from the chopping result of rotating blade 24 and extruding wheel 23 is more preferable, meanwhile, improve work effect Rate.
Embodiment 3:
On the basis of embodiment 1, as an improvement embodiment, as shown in Figure 10, above-mentioned extruding wheel 23 and rotation Rotor piece 24 is driven by belt drive unit, and above-mentioned belt drive unit includes driving wheel 401, multiple driven pulleys 402, tensioning wheel 403, and the transmission belt 404 being connected between driving wheel 401, driven pulley 402 and tensioning wheel 403;Above-mentioned driving wheel 401 is connected On the output shaft of drive device in frame 1, multiple above-mentioned driven pulleys 402 pass through power transmission shaft and extruding wheel 23 and rotation respectively Blade 24 is connected on the same axis, and above-mentioned tensioning wheel 403 is arranged between driving wheel 401, driven pulley 402, above-mentioned active Wheel 401 drives multiple driven pulleys 402 by transmission belt 404.
The present embodiment uses the bi-motor in belt drive unit alternative embodiment 1 to provide dynamic for extruding reducing mechanism Power, two or more driven pulley is driven by drive devices such as a motor, diesel engine or gasoline engines, and pass through tensioning 403 are taken turns to adjust the tensioning degree between driving wheel 401 and driven pulley 402.
The embodiment of embodiment 3 is similar with the embodiment of embodiment 1, when in use, the extruding powder that embodiment 3 is provided Broken machine is as different from Example 1:When the drive devices such as motor, diesel engine or gasoline engine drive the rotation of driving wheel 401, actively Wheel 401 drives multiple driven pulleys 402, so as to drive extruding wheel 23 and rotating blade 24, realizes the processing to material.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of extrusion crusher, it is characterised in that:Including frame (1), the extruding reducing mechanism and electricity that are fixed in frame (1) Machine (3), the extruding reducing mechanism right-hand member is provided with feed hopper (20), and the extruding reducing mechanism lower end is provided with discharging opening (21), It is pulverizing chamber (22) inside the extruding reducing mechanism, the interior anterior-posterior horizontal of the pulverizing chamber (22), which is provided with, to be parallel to each other and structure The multiple extrusion crusher structures of identical, multiple extrusion crusher structures respectively by be arranged in frame (1) and each it is independent Motor (3) drives, and the spacing between multiple extrusion crusher structures is adjustable;Multiple extrusion crusher structures include extruding wheel (23) and rotating blade (24), the extruding wheel (23) and rotating blade (24) are fixedly and coaxially connected the output shaft in motor (3) (30) on.
2. a kind of extrusion crusher according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Screen cloth is provided with the pulverizing chamber (22) (26) and drainage channel, the screen cloth (26) is arranged on the lower end of extruding wheel (23) and rotating blade (24);The drainage channel Including discharge outlet (28) and plurality of guiding gutter (27), inwall of a plurality of guiding gutter (27) along pulverizing chamber (22) is opened up, a plurality of The guiding gutter (27) is connected with discharge outlet (28), and the discharge outlet (28) is opened on the lower wall of the pulverizing chamber (22); The a plurality of guiding gutter (27) is opened on the madial wall and lower wall of pulverizing chamber (22), a plurality of guiding gutter (27) be connected and It is connected with discharge outlet (28).
3. a kind of extrusion crusher according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The extruding wheel (23) is fixedly connected on electricity On the output shaft (30) of machine (3) and in the pulverizing chamber (22), the rotating blade (24) with the extruding wheel (23) is coaxial connects Connect and be arranged on the end of the output shaft (30) of motor (3).
4. a kind of extrusion crusher according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The extruding wheel (23) in one end closure, The tubular structure of another end opening, it blocks end and is provided with connecting hole (230), the connecting hole (230) and the output shaft of motor (3) (30) it is connected;Its openend is towards above-mentioned rotating blade (24).
5. a kind of extrusion crusher according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Opened on the outer surface of the extruding wheel (23) Provided with striped.
6. a kind of extrusion crusher according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that:The extruding wheel (23) is provided with more Group projection and a plurality of projection accommodating groove (232), multigroup projection are alternateed and are spaced with a plurality of projection accommodating groove (232) and sets Put, projection described in every group is symmetrically disposed on extruding wheel (23) appearance as symmetrical centre by multiple axle center using extruding wheel (23) Projection (321) on face is constituted;In the extruding wheel (23) that two are used in combination, its described projection (231) and projection accommodating groove (232) it is corresponding to set, and the projection (231) of two extruding wheels (23) is respectively protruding into mutual projection accommodating groove (232) In.
7. a kind of extrusion crusher according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The extruding wheel (23) and rotating blade (24) axle sleeve (25) is provided between, the axle sleeve (25) is arranged on the output shaft (30) of motor (3) and positioned at extruding wheel (23) between rotating blade (24), one end of the axle sleeve (25) heads on extruding wheel (23), and the other end heads on rotating blade (24)。
8. a kind of extrusion crusher according to Claims 1-4,7 any one, it is characterised in that:The rotating blade (24) if being provided with dry plate blade.
9. a kind of extrusion crusher according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The curved structure of the screen cloth (26), its The lower end and its two ends for being arranged on extruding wheel (23) and rotating blade (24) are located on pulverizing chamber (22) madial wall, the screen cloth (26) multiple sieve apertures (260) are provided with.
10. a kind of extrusion crusher according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The extruding wheel (23) and rotating blade (24) driven by belt drive unit, the belt drive unit includes driving wheel (401), multiple driven pulleys (402), tensioning wheel , and the transmission belt (404) that is connected between driving wheel (401), driven pulley (402) and tensioning wheel (403) (403);The master Driving wheel (401) is connected on the output shaft of the drive device in frame (1), and multiple driven pulleys (402) pass through transmission respectively Axle is connected on the same axis with extruding wheel (23) and rotating blade (24), and the tensioning wheel (403) is arranged on driving wheel (401), between driven pulley (402), the driving wheel (401) drives multiple driven pulleys (402) by transmission belt (404), described Drive device includes motor, diesel engine and gasoline engine.
CN201710586785.9A 2017-07-18 2017-07-18 A kind of extrusion crusher Pending CN107321427A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710586785.9A CN107321427A (en) 2017-07-18 2017-07-18 A kind of extrusion crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710586785.9A CN107321427A (en) 2017-07-18 2017-07-18 A kind of extrusion crusher

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CN107321427A true CN107321427A (en) 2017-11-07

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710586785.9A Pending CN107321427A (en) 2017-07-18 2017-07-18 A kind of extrusion crusher

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Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112090541A (en) * 2020-09-07 2020-12-18 山东理工大学 Automatic micro-impurity potato crushing device of intelligent potato combine harvester

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112090541A (en) * 2020-09-07 2020-12-18 山东理工大学 Automatic micro-impurity potato crushing device of intelligent potato combine harvester

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