CN107308857A - Intelligent fertilizer distributing system - Google Patents

Intelligent fertilizer distributing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107308857A
CN107308857A CN201710576524.9A CN201710576524A CN107308857A CN 107308857 A CN107308857 A CN 107308857A CN 201710576524 A CN201710576524 A CN 201710576524A CN 107308857 A CN107308857 A CN 107308857A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
group
fertilizer
sleeve
feed pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710576524.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
温标堂
邢孔尧
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Jiejiarun Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangxi Jiejiarun Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Jiejiarun Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Guangxi Jiejiarun Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710576524.9A priority Critical patent/CN107308857A/en
Publication of CN107308857A publication Critical patent/CN107308857A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/80Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • B01F27/90Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with paddles or arms 
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/05Stirrers
    • B01F27/11Stirrers characterised by the configuration of the stirrers
    • B01F27/19Stirrers with two or more mixing elements mounted in sequence on the same axis
    • B01F27/191Stirrers with two or more mixing elements mounted in sequence on the same axis with similar elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/20Measuring; Control or regulation
    • B01F35/22Control or regulation
    • B01F35/221Control or regulation of operational parameters, e.g. level of material in the mixer, temperature or pressure
    • B01F35/2211Amount of delivered fluid during a period
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/71Feed mechanisms
    • B01F35/711Feed mechanisms for feeding a mixture of components, i.e. solids in liquid, solids in a gas stream
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F2101/00Mixing characterised by the nature of the mixed materials or by the application field
    • B01F2101/32Mixing fertiliser ingredients

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Fertilizing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, including:Fertilizer mixing is filled, its upper end, which is provided with to mix with fertilizer, fills the first feed pipe connected, lower end, which is provided with to mix to fill with fertilizer, is equipped with feeding engine on the second feed pipe connected, the first feed pipe, the second feed pipe, fertilizer mixing filling mixes the upper end surface filled close to fertilizer and offers discharging opening;Multiple first raw materials are filled, and each first raw material is filled and is communicated with the first feed pipe, and each first feed pipe is connected with the first feed pipe;Multiple second raw materials are filled, and each second raw material is filled and is communicated with the second feed pipe, and the second feed pipe is connected with the second feed pipe;Wherein, each first feed pipe, be equipped with magnetic valve and flowmeter on each second feed pipe, each magnetic valve and flowmeter are electrically connected on controller.The invention provides Intelligent fertilizer distributing system pass through closing of the controller according to the flow control electromagnetic valve of flowmeter, it is convenient to control the addition of various Liquid Fertilizers, automaticity is high.

Description

Intelligent fertilizer distributing system
Technical field
The invention belongs to fertilizer technology field, and in particular to a kind of Intelligent fertilizer distributing system.
Background technology
In agricultural technology, to promote crop growth often to apply mixed fertilizer, because Liquid Fertilizer mixes convenient, often will Various Liquid Fertilizer mixing are applying after concentrating, but automaticity is not high when mixing various Liquid Fertilizers in the prior art, and Because various Liquid Fertilizer liquid material pipe pipes deposit difference, the error in dipping in fertilizer-matching process is will also result in, and various Liquid Fertilizer viscosity are not Unanimously, cause mixing uneven, leverage the quality of compound fertilizer, therefore be badly in need of a kind of automaticity height, mixing is equal Even fertilizer compounding machine.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve the above problems, and provide the advantage that at least will be described later.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a kind of Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, it passes through in the first feed pipe, the second feeding Magnetic valve and flowmeter are set on pipe, and each magnetic valve and flowmeter are both connected on a controller, by controller according to stream The closing of the flow control electromagnetic valve of gauge, it is convenient to control the addition of various Liquid Fertilizers, automaticity is high.
In order to realize according to object of the present invention and further advantage there is provided a kind of Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, including:
Fertilizer mixing is filled, and the upper end that the fertilizer mixing is filled, which is provided with to mix with fertilizer, fills the first feed pipe connected, described The lower end that fertilizer mixing is filled is provided with to mix to fill with fertilizer and is all provided with the second feed pipe connected, the first feed pipe, the second feed pipe There is feeding engine, the side wall that the fertilizer mixing is filled mixes the upper end surface filled close to fertilizer and offers discharging opening;
Multiple first raw materials are filled, and each first raw material, which is filled, is communicated with the first feed pipe, each first feed pipe with First feed pipe is connected;
Multiple second raw materials are filled, and each second raw material, which is filled, is communicated with the second feed pipe, each second feed pipe with Second feed pipe is connected;
Wherein, each first feed pipe, be equipped with magnetic valve and flowmeter on each second feed pipe, each magnetic valve and Flowmeter is electrically connected on a controller.
Preferably, a kind of described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, an in addition to rotating bar, fertilizer is stretched into the rotating bar lower end Mixing fill in, upper end stretch into fertilizer mixing and fill outer, an adapter upper end is threadedly coupled with first feed pipe, lower end with it is described Rotating bar upper end rotates the pod apertures that up/down perforation is offered on connection, the adapter, and the pod apertures are entered with described first Expects pipe is connected, and offers a receiving cavity vertically in the rotating bar, the receiving cavity is connected with the pod apertures, described Rotating bar is located at fertilizer and mixes the part in filling from top to bottom provided with first group of branch pipe, second group of branch pipe, the 3rd group of branch pipe, 4th Group branch pipe, every group of branch pipe includes being symmetrical with the 3rd feed pipe for being distributed in rotating bar both sides, and each 3rd feed pipe is downward Tilt and connected with receiving cavity, the 3rd feed pipe in every from top to bottom group of branch pipe of rotating bar the same side is in horizontal plane On projection be respectively positioned on straight line, and projected length is sequentially reduced;
The fertilizer mixing fills bottom and is provided with first sleeve, and second feed pipe is connected with first sleeve, first sleeve Radius is less than the 3rd feed pipe that the projected length of the 3rd feed pipe of the 3rd group of branch pipe in the horizontal plane is more than the 4th group of branch pipe Projected length in the horizontal plane, the 4th group of branch pipe is stretched into first sleeve, is opened up on the 3rd feed pipe in the 4th group of branch pipe There are multiple 4th charging holes, gap is left between the first sleeve upper end and the 3rd group of branch pipe;
The second sleeve pipe is arranged with outside the first sleeve, the 3rd feed pipe that the second sleeve pipe radius is less than second group of branch pipe exists Projected length on horizontal plane is more than the projected length of the 3rd feed pipe of the 3rd group of branch pipe in the horizontal plane, the 3rd group of branch 3rd charging tube end of pipe is stretched into the second sleeve pipe, and gap, the 3rd group of branch are left between the second sleeve upper end and second group of branch pipe The part that 3rd feed pipe of pipe is located between first sleeve and the second sleeve pipe offers multiple 3rd charging holes;
The 3rd sleeve pipe is arranged with outside second sleeve pipe, the 3rd sleeve pipe radius is less than the 3rd feed pipe of first group of branch pipe in level Projected length on face is more than the projected length of the 3rd feed pipe of second group of branch pipe in the horizontal plane, second group of branch pipe 3rd charging tube end is stretched into the 3rd sleeve pipe, leaves gap between the 3rd sleeve upper end and first group of branch pipe, second group of branch pipe The part that 3rd feed pipe is located between the second sleeve pipe and the 3rd sleeve pipe offers multiple second charging holes;
First group of branch pipe leaves gap between the side wall filled is mixed with fertilizer, and the 3rd feed pipe of first group of branch pipe is located at Part outside 3rd sleeve pipe offers multiple first charging holes;
Second feed pipe, which is provided with, to be used to mix the check valve fed in filling to fertilizer.
Preferably, described a kind of Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, first sleeve side wall, which is located above the 4th group of branch pipe, to be offered First through hole, the second sleeve side walls, which are located above the 3rd group of branch pipe, offers the second through hole, and the 3rd sleeve side walls are located at second group Third through-hole is offered above branch pipe.
Preferably, a kind of described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, the rotating bar is located at fertilizer and mixes the part in filling and position Part outside first group of branch pipe, second group of branch pipe, the 3rd group of branch pipe, the 4th group of branch pipe is tilted down provided with multiple vertically The first sharp portion, first sharp portion and vertical direction angle are 30~60 °, and the 3rd feed pipe of first group of branch pipe is located at Part outside first charging hole, the 3rd feed pipe of second group of branch pipe are located at part outside the second charging hole, the 3rd group of branch The part that 3rd feed pipe of pipe is located at outside the 3rd charging hole is equipped with the second sharp portion, the vertical side in the second sharp portion edge To setting.
Preferably, described a kind of Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, first sleeve, the second sleeve pipe, the 3rd internal surface of sleeve pipe are opened up Have with spiralling groove.
Preferably, a kind of described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, rotating bar is located at fertilizer and mixes the part coaxial sleeve above filling Provided with first gear, a machine shaft coaxial sleeve is provided with the second gear being meshed with first gear, and motor passes through second gear Driving first gear to rotate drives rotating bar to rotate.
Preferably, described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, first group of branch pipe, second group of branch pipe, the 3rd group of branch pipe, the 4th group of branch Valve is provided with the 3rd feed pipe in pipe.
Preferably, described a kind of Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, multiple first raw materials, which are filled, at least includes liquid organic fertilizer raw material Fill, middle trace element materials are filled;Multiple second raw materials, which are filled, at least includes the filling of liquid nitrogenous fertilizer raw material, the filling of liquid phosphate fertilizer raw material, liquid Potash fertilizer raw material is filled.
The present invention at least includes following beneficial effect:
1st, Intelligent fertilizer distributing system of the invention by be respectively provided with each first feed pipe, the second feed pipe magnetic valve and Flowmeter, magnetic valve and flowmeter are electrically connected with a controller, and controller controls magnetic valve according to the flow of flowmeter Open or close, so as to be accurately controlled the addition of every kind of Liquid Fertilizer, the mixed proportion of each liquid fertilizer, production can be achieved Go out any formula composite liquid fertilizer, automaticity is high, reduces cost of labor.
2nd, a receiving cavity is offered vertically in Intelligent fertilizer distributing system of the invention, including rotating bar, rotating bar, is rotated From top to bottom provided with first group of branch pipe, second group of branch pipe, the 3rd group of branch pipe, the 4th group of branch pipe on bar, every group of branch pipe includes pair Claim in the 3rd feed pipe for being distributed in rotating bar both sides, fertilizer mixing fills bottom and is provided with first sleeve, the 4th group of branch pipe stretches into the In sleeve;The second sleeve pipe is arranged with outside first sleeve, the 3rd charging tube end of the 3rd group of branch pipe is stretched into the second sleeve pipe;The The 3rd sleeve pipe is arranged with outside two sleeve pipes, the 3rd charging tube end of second group of branch pipe is stretched into the 3rd sleeve pipe, on the 3rd feed pipe Be equipped with charging hole, when the Intelligent fertilizer distributing system works, liquid charging stock in the first feed pipe by first group of branch pipe, second group Branch pipe, the 3rd group of branch pipe, the 4th group of branch pipe are respectively enterd in fertilizer mixing filling, the 3rd sleeve pipe, the second sleeve pipe, first sleeve, and Liquid fertilizer in second feed pipe inversely respectively enters first sleeve and then flows into the second sleeve pipe, enters back into the 3rd sleeve pipe, So liquid-liquid material is mixed more fully by repeatedly progressively mixing between liquid fertilizer, while rotating bar can be to mixed when rotating Close material to be stirred, further increase the mixing of various liquid fertilizers, improve fertilizer efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the Intelligent fertilizer distributing system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is rotating bar of the invention and sleeve cooperation schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is rotating bar structural representation of the invention.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, to make those skilled in the art with reference to specification text Word can be implemented according to this.
It should be noted that in the description of the invention, term " transverse direction ", " longitudinal direction ", " on ", " under ", "front", "rear", The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as "left", "right", " vertical ", " level ", " top ", " bottom ", " interior ", " outer " is based on accompanying drawing institutes The orientation or position relationship shown, is for only for ease of the description present invention and simplifies description, is not instruction or implies signified dress Put or element there must be specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that to the limit of the present invention System.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, a kind of Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, including:
Fertilizer mixing fills 1, and the upper end of the fertilizer mixing filling 1, which is provided with to mix with fertilizer, fills 1 the first feed pipe 11 connected, The lower end that the fertilizer mixing fills 1 is provided with the second feed pipe 12 connected with fertilizer mixing filling 1, and the first feed pipe 11, second enter Feeding engine 13 is equipped with expects pipe 12, the side wall that the fertilizer mixing fills 1 is offered out close to the upper end surface that fertilizer mixes filling 1 Material mouth 14;
Multiple first raw materials fill 2, and each first raw material fills 2 and is communicated with the first feed pipe 21, each first feed pipe 21 Connected with the first feed pipe 11;
Multiple second raw materials fill 3, and each second raw material fills and is communicated with the second feed pipe 31, each second feed pipe on 3 31 connect with the second feed pipe 12;
Wherein, each first feed pipe 21, be equipped with magnetic valve and flowmeter, each electromagnetism on each second feed pipe 31 Valve and flowmeter are electrically connected on a controller.
The Intelligent fertilizer distributing system of the present invention, including fertilizer mixing fill 1, and fertilizer mixing fills 1 upper and lower side and has been respectively communicated with first Feed pipe 11, the second feed pipe 12, multiple first raw materials fill 2, and each first raw material fills 2 and passes through the first feed pipe 21 and first Feed pipe 11 is connected, and each second raw material is filled to be connected on 3 by the second feed pipe 31 with the second feed pipe 12, the first feeding Magnetic valve and flowmeter are equipped with pipe 21, each second feed pipe 31, each magnetic valve and flowmeter are electrically connected to a control On device processed.Operationally, according to actual conditions calculate each first raw material fills the 2, second original to the Intelligent fertilizer distributing system of the present invention Material fills the addition of every kind of fertilizer in 3, the magnetic valve on feed pipe is first opened during work, and filled by the raw material of cmf record first 2nd, the second raw material fills the addition of fertilizer in 3, and when addition reaches default amount, closed electromagnetic valve is controlled by controller, leads to Crossing the control of controller conveniently can accurately control the addition of every kind of fertilizer, so as to realize different proportion liquid composite fertilizer Configuration, fertilizer configure discharges from discharging opening 14, with fertile efficiency high, while the first raw material filling 2 with fertilizer system of the present invention, Second raw material fills 3 endfeeds upper up and down for mixing filling 1 from fertilizer respectively, and backward feed, various raw materials mixing are abundant.
In another technical scheme, a kind of described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, in addition to a rotating bar 4, the rotating bar 4 Lower end is stretched into fertilizer mixing filling 1, upper end is stretched into fertilizer mixing and filled outside 1, the upper end of an adapter 5 and the spiral shell of the first feed pipe 11 Line connection, lower end are rotated with the upper end of rotating bar 4 and are connected, and the pod apertures of up/down perforation are offered on the adapter 5, described Pod apertures are connected with first feed pipe 11, offer a receiving cavity 45, the accommodating chamber in the rotating bar 4 vertically Body 45 is connected with the pod apertures, and the rotating bar 4 is located at fertilizer and mixes the part in filling from top to bottom provided with first group of branch pipe 41st, second group of branch pipe 42, the 3rd group of branch pipe 43, the 4th group of branch pipe 44, every group of branch pipe includes being symmetrical with being distributed in 4 liang of rotating bar 3rd feed pipe of side, each 3rd feed pipe is tilted down and connected with receiving cavity 45, positioned at the same side of rotating bar 4 The projection of the 3rd feed pipe in every group of branch pipe in the horizontal plane from top to bottom is respectively positioned on straight line, and projected length is successively Reduce;
The fertilizer mixing fills 1 bottom and is provided with first sleeve 61, and second feed pipe 12 is connected with first sleeve 61, the The radius of sleeve 61 is less than the projected length of the 3rd feed pipe of the 3rd group of branch pipe 43 in the horizontal plane and is more than the 4th group of branch pipe 44 The 3rd feed pipe projected length in the horizontal plane, the 4th group of branch pipe 44 is stretched into first sleeve 61, in the 4th group of branch pipe 44 The 3rd feed pipe on offer multiple 4th charging holes 54, between being left between the upper end of first sleeve 61 and the 3rd group of branch pipe 43 Gap;
The second sleeve pipe 62 is arranged with outside the first sleeve 61, the radius of the second sleeve pipe 62 is less than the 3rd of second group of branch pipe 42 The projected length of feed pipe in the horizontal plane is more than the projected length of the 3rd feed pipe of the 3rd group of branch pipe 43 in the horizontal plane, institute The 3rd charging tube end for stating the 3rd group of branch pipe 43 is stretched into the second sleeve pipe 62, between the upper end of the second sleeve pipe 62 and second group of branch pipe 42 Leave gap, the part that the 3rd feed pipe of the 3rd group of branch pipe 43 is located between the sleeve pipe 62 of first sleeve 61 and second offers many Individual 3rd charging hole 53;
The 3rd sleeve pipe 63 is arranged with outside second sleeve pipe 62, the radius of the 3rd sleeve pipe 63 is less than the 3rd charging of first group of branch pipe 41 Pipe projected length in the horizontal plane is more than the projected length of the 3rd feed pipe of second group of branch pipe 42 in the horizontal plane, and described the 3rd charging tube end of two groups of branch pipes 42 is stretched into the 3rd sleeve pipe 63, is left between the upper end of the 3rd sleeve pipe 63 and first group of branch pipe 41 Gap, the part that the 3rd feed pipe of second group of branch pipe 42 is located between the second sleeve pipe 62 and the 3rd sleeve pipe 63 offers multiple the Two charging holes 52;
First group of branch pipe 41 leaves gap, the 3rd charging of first group of branch pipe 41 between the side wall of filling 1 is mixed with fertilizer The part that pipe is located at outside the 3rd sleeve pipe 63 offers multiple first charging holes 51;
Second feed pipe 12, which is provided with, to be used to mix the check valve for filling and feeding in 1 to fertilizer.
In the technical program, a kind of described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, in addition to a rotating bar 4, the upper end of rotating bar 4 is with turning Joint 5 rotates connection, and the upper end of adapter 5 is threadedly coupled with the first feed pipe 11, offers leading to of running through on adapter 5 vertically A receiving cavity 45 is offered in hole, rotating bar 4 vertically, the part that rotating bar 4 is located in fertilizer mixing filling 1 is from top to bottom set There are first group of branch pipe 41, second group of branch pipe 42, the 3rd group of branch pipe 43, the 4th group of branch pipe 44, and discharging opening 14 to be located at first group of branch The top of pipe 41, every group of branch pipe includes being symmetrical with the 3rd feed pipe for being distributed in the both sides of rotating bar 4, the 3rd charging of every group of branch pipe Guan Junyu receiving cavity 45 is connected, and the 3rd feed pipe of every group of branch pipe is tilted down, and from top to bottom the 3rd of every group of branch pipe enters The projection of expects pipe in the horizontal plane is gradually reduced;Fertilizer mixing fills 1 bottom and is provided with first sleeve 61, the second feed pipe 12 and first Sleeve pipe 61 is connected, and the radius of first sleeve 61 is less than the projected length of the 3rd feed pipe of the 3rd group of branch pipe 43 in the horizontal plane and is more than The projected length of 3rd feed pipe of the 4th group of branch pipe 44 in the horizontal plane, the 4th group of branch pipe 44 is stretched into first sleeve 61, i.e., The upper end of first sleeve 61 is located between the 3rd group of branch pipe 43 and the 4th group of branch pipe 44, on the 3rd feed pipe in the 4th group of branch pipe 44 Multiple 4th charging holes 54 are offered, gap is left between the upper end of first sleeve 61 and the 3rd group of branch pipe 43;First sleeve 61 Outer to be arranged with the second sleeve pipe 62, the upper end of the second sleeve pipe 62 is located between the 3rd group of branch pipe 43 and second group of branch pipe 42, the 3rd group 3rd charging tube end of branch pipe 43 is stretched into the second sleeve pipe 62, between being left between the upper end of the second sleeve pipe 62 and second group of branch pipe 42 Gap, the part that the 3rd feed pipe of the 3rd group of branch pipe 43 is located between the sleeve pipe 62 of first sleeve 61 and second offers multiple three Charging hole 53;The 3rd sleeve pipe 63 is arranged with outside second sleeve pipe 62, the upper end of the 3rd sleeve pipe 63 is located at first group of branch pipe 41 and second Between group branch pipe 42, the 3rd charging tube end of second group of branch pipe 42 is stretched into the 3rd sleeve pipe 63, the upper end of the 3rd sleeve pipe 63 and the Gap is left between one group of branch pipe 41, the 3rd feed pipe of second group of branch pipe 42 is located between the second sleeve pipe 62 and the 3rd sleeve pipe 63 Part offers multiple second charging holes 52;First group of branch pipe 41 leaves gap, first group of branch between the side wall of filling 1 is mixed with fertilizer The part that 3rd feed pipe of pipe 41 is located at outside the 3rd sleeve pipe 63 offers multiple first charging holes 51;Set on second feed pipe 12 Have and fill the check valve fed in 1 for being mixed to fertilizer.The present invention Intelligent fertilizer distributing system operationally, in the first feed pipe 11 Mixed fertilizer by adapter 5 flow into rotating bar 4 receiving cavity 45 in, then flow into every group of branch pipe, the second feed pipe Mixed fertilizer in 12 flows into first sleeve 61 and mixes and then pass through first set with the fertilizer flowed out from the 4th charging hole 54 The gap of pipe 61 and the 3rd group of branch pipe 43, into the second sleeve pipe 62, then enters one with the fertilizer that is flowed out from the 3rd charging hole 53 Step mixing, by the gap of the second sleeve pipe 62 and second group of branch pipe 42 into the 3rd sleeve pipe 63, then with from the second charging hole The fertilizer mixing of 52 outflows, flows into the 3rd sleeve pipe 63 by the gap of the 3rd sleeve pipe 63 and first group of branch pipe 41 afterwards and is mixed with fertilizer Close between filling 1 and mixed again with the fertilizer flowed out from the first charging hole 51, by setting three sleeve pipes to realize various fertilizer Gradually mix, various fertilizer is fully merged, the benefit of composite fertilizer is improved to greatest extent, mixed fertilizer passes through discharging opening 14 Discharge can be used.
In another technical scheme, a kind of described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, the side wall of first sleeve 61 is located at the 4th group of branch The top of pipe 44 offers first through hole 611, and the side wall of the second sleeve pipe 62 is located at the 3rd group of top of branch pipe 43 and offers the second through hole 621, the side wall of the 3rd sleeve pipe 63 is located at second group of top of branch pipe 42 and offers third through-hole 631.Pass through the side wall in each sleeve pipe On open up and pass through, be conducive to the circulation in fertilizer mixed process, be well mixed, by taking first sleeve 61 as an example, when first sleeve 61 In when being filled with fertilizer, can be flowed into by first through hole 611 in the second sleeve pipe 62, can also be from first sleeve 61 and the 3rd group of branch The gap of pipe 43 is from the second sleeve pipe is flowed into, because operationally rotating bar 4 is in rotary state, therefore, the mixing of fertilizer Flow circuit can be formed between the gap of first through hole 611 and first sleeve 61 and the 3rd group of branch pipe 43 in journey, fertilizer is mixed Close more abundant.
In another technical scheme, a kind of described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, the rotating bar 4 is located at fertilizer mixing and fills 1 Interior part and the part edge outside first group of branch pipe 41, second group of branch pipe 42, the 3rd group of branch pipe 43, the 4th group of branch pipe 44 It is axially arranged with multiple the first sharp portions 46 tilted down, first sharp portion 46 and vertical direction angle are 30~60 °, the 3rd feed pipe of one group of branch pipe 41 is located at part outside the first charging hole 51, the 3rd feed pipe of second group of branch pipe 42 is located at The part that part, the 3rd feed pipe of the 3rd group of branch pipe 43 outside second charging hole 52 are located at outside the 3rd charging hole 53 is all provided with There is the second sharp portion 47, second sharp portion 47 is vertically set.By from top to bottom setting multiple in rotating bar 4 First sharp portion 46, sets the second sharp portion 47 on every group of branch pipe, and the first sharp portion 46, the angle of the second sharp portion 47 differ Cause, first sharp portion 46, the second sharp portion 47 considerably increase fertilizer also with rotation so in the rotation process of rotating bar 4 Turbulivity, be conducive to being sufficiently mixed for fertilizer.
In another technical scheme, a kind of described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, first sleeve 61, the second sleeve pipe the 62, the 3rd The inwall of sleeve pipe 63 is offered with spiralling groove.Spiralling groove is set in internal surface of sleeve pipe, when fertilizer is touched During the groove of internal surface of sleeve pipe, violent batch mixing is flowed more abundant.
In another technical scheme, a kind of described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, rotating bar 4 is located at fertilizer mixing and fills 1 top Part coaxial sleeve be provided with first gear, a machine shaft coaxial sleeve is provided with the second gear that is meshed with first gear, motor 6 Driving first gear to rotate by second gear drives rotating bar 4 to rotate.Driven by the motor being arranged on outside fertilizer mixing filling 1 Rotating bar 4 is rotated, easy to control.
In another technical scheme, a kind of described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, first group of branch pipe 41, second group of branch pipe 42, Valve is provided with the 3rd feed pipe organized in 3rd group of branch pipe 43, the 4th branch pipe 44.By being set on the 3rd feed pipe Valve, the valve can be electronic valve, and the valve is arranged on the junction of the 3rd feed pipe and rotating bar 4, by when different Carve and open valve so that the fertilizer flowed out in the first charging hole 51, the second charging hole 52, the 3rd charging hole 53, the 4th charging hole 54 The 3rd sleeve pipe 63 is respectively enterd to mix with fertilizer between filling 1, in the 3rd sleeve pipe 63, in the second sleeve pipe 62, in first sleeve 61, can The fertilizer filled with precisely controlling the first raw material in 2 fills the fertilizer in 3 with the second raw material and progressively mixed.
In another technical scheme, a kind of described Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, multiple first raw materials, which fill 2, at least includes liquid Organic fertilizer raw material is filled, middle trace element materials are filled;Multiple second raw materials, which fill 3, at least includes the filling of liquid nitrogenous fertilizer raw material, liquid phosphate fertilizer Raw material is filled, liquid potash fertilizer raw material is filled.
Although embodiment of the present invention is disclosed as above, it is not restricted in specification and embodiment listed With it can be applied to various suitable the field of the invention completely, can be easily for those skilled in the art Other modification is realized, therefore under the universal limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, the present invention is not limited In specific details and shown here as the legend with description.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of Intelligent fertilizer distributing system, it is characterised in that including:
Fertilizer mixing is filled, and the upper end that the fertilizer mixing is filled, which is provided with to mix with fertilizer, fills the first feed pipe connected, the fertilizer The lower end that mixing is filled is provided with to mix to fill to be equipped with the second feed pipe connected, the first feed pipe, the second feed pipe with fertilizer and sent Expect pump, the side wall that the fertilizer mixing is filled mixes the upper end surface filled close to fertilizer and offers discharging opening;
Multiple first raw materials are filled, and each first raw material, which is filled, is communicated with the first feed pipe, and each first feed pipe is with first Feed pipe is connected;
Multiple second raw materials are filled, and each second raw material, which is filled, is communicated with the second feed pipe, and each second feed pipe is with second Feed pipe is connected;
Wherein, each first feed pipe, be equipped with magnetic valve and flowmeter, each magnetic valve and flow on each second feed pipe Meter is electrically connected on a controller.
2. a kind of Intelligent fertilizer distributing system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that also including a rotating bar, the rotating bar Lower end is stretched into fertilizer mixing filling, upper end stretches into fertilizer mixing and fills outer, and an adapter upper end and the described first charging pipe screw thread connect Connect, lower end is rotated with the rotating bar upper end and is connected, and the pod apertures of up/down perforation, the pod apertures are offered on the adapter Connected with first feed pipe, offer a receiving cavity in the rotating bar vertically, the receiving cavity is led with described Discharge orifice is connected, and the rotating bar is located at fertilizer and mixes the part in filling from top to bottom provided with first group of branch pipe, second group of branch pipe, the Three groups of branch pipes, the 4th group of branch pipes, every group of branch pipe include being symmetrical with the 3rd feed pipe for being distributed in rotating bar both sides, each 3rd Feed pipe is tilted down and connected with receiving cavity, and the 3rd in every from top to bottom group of branch pipe of rotating bar the same side enters The projection of expects pipe in the horizontal plane is respectively positioned on straight line, and projected length is sequentially reduced;
The fertilizer mixing fills bottom and is provided with first sleeve, and second feed pipe is connected with first sleeve, first sleeve radius The 3rd feed pipe projected length in the horizontal plane less than the 3rd group of branch pipe is more than the 3rd feed pipe of the 4th group of branch pipe in water Projected length in plane, the 4th group of branch pipe is stretched into first sleeve, is offered on the 3rd feed pipe in the 4th group of branch pipe many Individual 4th charging hole, gap is left between the first sleeve upper end and the 3rd group of branch pipe;
The second sleeve pipe is arranged with outside the first sleeve, the second sleeve pipe radius is less than the 3rd feed pipe of second group of branch pipe in level Projected length on face is more than the projected length of the 3rd feed pipe of the 3rd group of branch pipe in the horizontal plane, the 3rd group of branch pipe 3rd charging tube end is stretched into the second sleeve pipe, leaves gap between the second sleeve upper end and second group of branch pipe, the 3rd group of branch pipe The part that 3rd feed pipe is located between first sleeve and the second sleeve pipe offers multiple 3rd charging holes;
The 3rd sleeve pipe is arranged with outside second sleeve pipe, the 3rd sleeve pipe radius is less than the 3rd feed pipe of first group of branch pipe in the horizontal plane Projected length be more than the projected length of the 3rd feed pipe of second group of branch pipe in the horizontal plane, the 3rd of second group of branch pipe the Charging tube end is stretched into the 3rd sleeve pipe, and gap, the 3rd of second group of branch pipe the are left between the 3rd sleeve upper end and first group of branch pipe The part that feed pipe is located between the second sleeve pipe and the 3rd sleeve pipe offers multiple second charging holes;
First group of branch pipe leaves gap between the side wall filled is mixed with fertilizer, and the 3rd feed pipe of first group of branch pipe is located at the 3rd Part outside sleeve pipe offers multiple first charging holes;
Second feed pipe, which is provided with, to be used to mix the check valve fed in filling to fertilizer.
3. Intelligent fertilizer distributing system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that first sleeve side wall is located above the 4th group of branch pipe First through hole is offered, the second sleeve side walls, which are located above the 3rd group of branch pipe, offers the second through hole, and the 3rd sleeve side walls are located at Third through-hole is offered above second group of branch pipe.
4. Intelligent fertilizer distributing system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the rotating bar is located at fertilizer and mixes the portion in filling Point and the part outside first group of branch pipe, second group of branch pipe, the 3rd group of branch pipe, the 4th group of branch pipe vertically provided with it is multiple to Under inclined first sharp portion, first sharp portion and vertical direction angle are 30~60 °, the 3rd charging of first group of branch pipe Pipe is located at the part outside the first charging hole, the 3rd feed pipe of second group of branch pipe is located at part outside the second charging hole, the The part that 3rd feed pipe of three groups of branch pipes is located at outside the 3rd charging hole is equipped with the second sharp portion, the second sharp portion edge Vertical direction is set.
5. Intelligent fertilizer distributing system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that first sleeve, the second sleeve pipe, the 3rd internal surface of sleeve pipe Offer with spiralling groove.
6. Intelligent fertilizer distributing system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that rotating bar is located at fertilizer and mixes the part above filling Coaxial sleeve is provided with first gear, and a machine shaft coaxial sleeve is provided with the second gear that is meshed with first gear, and motor passes through the Two gears driving first gear, which is rotated, drives rotating bar to rotate.
7. Intelligent fertilizer distributing system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that first group of branch pipe, second group of branch pipe, the 3rd group of branch Valve is provided with the 3rd feed pipe in pipe, the 4th group of branch pipe.
8. Intelligent fertilizer distributing system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that multiple first raw materials fill at least organic including liquid Fertile raw material is filled, middle trace element materials are filled;Multiple second raw materials, which are filled, at least includes the filling of liquid nitrogenous fertilizer raw material, liquid phosphate fertilizer raw material Fill, liquid potash fertilizer raw material is filled.
CN201710576524.9A 2017-07-14 2017-07-14 Intelligent fertilizer distributing system Pending CN107308857A (en)

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CN108901298A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 罗珍香 The fertigation device of adjustable flow velocity
CN108901297A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 罗珍香 The agricultural of adjustable flow fertigation device
CN108925196A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-04 罗珍香 Efficiently use the fertigation device of rainwater
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CN110150107A (en) * 2018-03-14 2019-08-23 李嫦雅 A kind of Multifunctional sprinkling kettle poured for landscape flower
CN108901298A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 罗珍香 The fertigation device of adjustable flow velocity
CN108901297A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 罗珍香 The agricultural of adjustable flow fertigation device
CN108925196A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-04 罗珍香 Efficiently use the fertigation device of rainwater
CN108934378A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-07 罗珍香 Agricultural fertigation device
CN108901298B (en) * 2018-06-28 2020-10-16 钟静涛 Irrigation and fertilization device with adjustable flow velocity
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CN109089505A (en) * 2018-07-05 2018-12-28 罗珍香 It can be according to the fertilizer apparatus of crops demand regulated fertilization amount
CN110449067A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-11-15 湖南坤源生物科技有限公司 A kind of feed addictive system of processing
CN110449067B (en) * 2019-08-14 2022-03-08 湖南坤源生物科技有限公司 Feed additive processing system
CN111418321A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-07-17 安徽芜湖汇丰农业有限公司 Fertilizer conveyer for rice planting

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Application publication date: 20171103