CN107307683A - A kind of diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system with self-watering function - Google Patents

A kind of diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system with self-watering function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107307683A
CN107307683A CN201710729789.8A CN201710729789A CN107307683A CN 107307683 A CN107307683 A CN 107307683A CN 201710729789 A CN201710729789 A CN 201710729789A CN 107307683 A CN107307683 A CN 107307683A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
air
semiconductor chip
pipe
absorber
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CN201710729789.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑幼明
张学军
魏星
赵阳
刘东坡
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ZHEJIANG PROVINCIAL MUSEUM
Zhejiang University ZJU
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ZHEJIANG PROVINCIAL MUSEUM
Zhejiang University ZJU
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Application filed by ZHEJIANG PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, Zhejiang University ZJU filed Critical ZHEJIANG PROVINCIAL MUSEUM
Priority to CN201710729789.8A priority Critical patent/CN107307683A/en
Publication of CN107307683A publication Critical patent/CN107307683A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47FSPECIAL FURNITURE, FITTINGS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR SHOPS, STOREHOUSES, BARS, RESTAURANTS OR THE LIKE; PAYING COUNTERS
    • A47F3/00Show cases or show cabinets
    • A47F3/001Devices for lighting, humidifying, heating, ventilation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47FSPECIAL FURNITURE, FITTINGS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR SHOPS, STOREHOUSES, BARS, RESTAURANTS OR THE LIKE; PAYING COUNTERS
    • A47F3/00Show cases or show cabinets
    • A47F3/04Show cases or show cabinets air-conditioned, refrigerated
    • A47F3/0404Cases or cabinets of the closed type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47FSPECIAL FURNITURE, FITTINGS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR SHOPS, STOREHOUSES, BARS, RESTAURANTS OR THE LIKE; PAYING COUNTERS
    • A47F3/00Show cases or show cabinets
    • A47F3/04Show cases or show cabinets air-conditioned, refrigerated
    • A47F3/0482Details common to both closed and open types
    • A47F3/0495Spraying, trickling or humidifying means

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system with self-watering function, belong to the energy and field of air conditioning.Fluid reservoir taphole, generator, condenser, evaporator, absorber one end are sequentially connected with, the absorber other end is connected with fluid reservoir solution inlet port, condenser refrigerant gas access is connected with balance pipe one end, the balance pipe other end is connected with absorber bottom, fluid reservoir dilute solution inlet is connected with weak solution pipe one end, and the weak solution pipe other end is connected with absorber top;Water tank, deflector, heater strip, ajutage, showcase, backwind tube, which are sequentially connected, to be connect, and air carries out heat and mass, and heater strip is arranged at ajutage, realizes thermostatic control;Semiconductor-air water intaking component, Water warfare component, water collector, micro type ultra-violet sterilizer are sequentially connected, and condensed water enters water collector after treatment, and water collector is connected with water tank upper;This diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system realizes that each part is accurately controlled by controller.

Description

A kind of diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system with self-watering function
Technical field
The present invention relates to the energy and field of air conditioning, more particularly to a kind of diffusion absorbing historical relic exhibition with self-watering function Cabinet constant humidity control system.
Background technology
Exhibition of cultural relics needs specific humiture environment, is obtained generally by constant temperature and humidity air-conditioning system.For independence Showcase, because its hot humidity load is smaller, arrangement is more disperseed, flexibly, therefore is not suitable for large centralised air-conditioner set pair Air is handled.Because different historical relics are not quite similar for ambient temperature and humidity requirement, therefore independent showcase constant humidity control device It is required to be independently arranged target humiture, and realizes accurate control.
Patent of invention CN101984880A discloses a kind of small movable constant humidity control based on diffusion absorption refrigeration ice System.Evaporator-condenser is respectively divided into two sections by the patent, is respectively used to cool-down dehumidification, collects condensed water, heating and humidification.Should The thinking that patent is controlled using diffusion absorption refrigeration ice and constant humidity is worth using for reference, but the system architecture is complex, and need to adopt Controlled with two triple valves, cost is higher.
Current showcase, due to humidification function, is required to design priming apparatus, periodically carries out deionization with constant humidity control system Water is added, and in actual motion and maintenance, it is easy to due to staff's carelessness, do not add water and cause to humidify failure.Therefore need A kind of device from water intaking within the full period is invented, the requirement of historical relic humiture is met, and realize efficient, reliable, stable fortune OK.
The content of the invention
The problem of existing for current cultural relics display case constant humidity control system, the present invention provides a kind of with self-watering function Diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system.
To achieve the above objectives, the present invention, which is adopted the following technical scheme that, is achieved:
Diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system with self-watering function, it includes generator, absorber, storage Flow container, condenser, evaporator, water tank, heater strip, weak solution pipe, semiconductor-air water intaking component, balance pipe, showcase blower fan, send Airduct, backwind tube, showcase, deflector, Water warfare component, water collector, micro type ultra-violet sterilizer;Fluid reservoir taphole, hair Raw device, condenser, evaporator, absorber one end are sequentially connected with, and the absorber other end is connected with fluid reservoir solution inlet port, condenser Refrigerant gas entrance is connected with balance pipe one end, and the balance pipe other end is connected with absorber bottom, fluid reservoir dilute solution inlet It is connected with weak solution pipe one end, the weak solution pipe other end is connected with absorber top;Water tank and ajutage, showcase, backwind tube are suitable Secondary circulation connection, water tank carries out the horizontal water surface of plunderring of gas by deflector and carried out with being provided with deflector, air at air-supply tube connection ports Heat and mass, heater strip is arranged at ajutage, realizes thermostatic control;Outside air is carried out by semiconductor-air water intaking component Condensation water intaking, semiconductor-air water intaking component, Water warfare component, water collector, micro type ultra-violet sterilizer pass through pipeline sequentially phase Even, condensed water enters water collector after treatment, and water collector is connected with water tank upper.
Preferably, also including controller, for realizing automatically controlling for each part.
Preferably, described semiconductor-air water intaking component includes roughing efficiency air filter, cold recovery device, outside air wind Machine, semiconductor chip hot junction, semiconductor hot junction heat exchange of heat pipe, semiconductor chip hot junction blower fan, semiconductor chip cold end, semiconductor chip are cold End condensation fin, guiding gutter, water receiving pipe, return airway, entrance air-valve;Outside air is under the traction of extraneous air blower, successively Fin, semiconductor chip cold end condensation fin are condensed by entrance air-valve, roughing efficiency air filter, cold recovery device, semiconductor chip cold end It is sequentially connected semiconductor chip cold end, semiconductor chip hot junction, semiconductor hot junction heat exchange of heat pipe, semiconductor chip hot junction blower fan, air In cold recovery device by return air precooling, fin is condensed by semiconductor chip cold end and carries out condensation water intaking;It is machined with and leads in air channel Tank, guiding gutter is connected with water receiving pipe, and return airway is connected with cold recovery device.
Preferably, described Water warfare component includes activated carbon water purification filter layer and efficient water-purifying filter film.
Deflated preferably, described micro type ultra-violet sterilization device is positioned over processing at the top of the top of water collector, water collector Aperture, it is ensured that condensed water is normal in water receiving pipe and water collector descending liquid.
Preferably, described semiconductor chip cold end condensation fin inserts the gross section in air channel, flowed to air channel it is parallel, Fin bottom scribbles hydrophilic layer, for strengthening heat exchange;Fin surface scribbles super-hydrophobic coat, is easy to condensed water in time from fin Drippage.
Preferably, described controller includes the first power regulating eqiupment, the second power regulating eqiupment, high water tank sensor, microprocessor Device;Cooling-water temperature sensor is set in the water tank, and cooling-water temperature sensor is connected with microprocessor input, arrangement humiture in the showcase Sensor, Temperature Humidity Sensor is connected with microprocessor input, and high water tank sensor arrangement is in tank top, microprocessor 25 Middle setting outside air blower fan work timer, for recording the air water-intaking component operation time, the regulation of the first power regulating eqiupment occurs The heating power of device, the first power regulating eqiupment input is connected with output end of microprocessor, for controlling water tank temperature realization pair Showcase humid control, the second power regulating eqiupment adjusts the heating power of heater strip, and the second power regulating eqiupment input and microprocessor are defeated Go out end to be connected.
The present invention in terms of existing technologies, has the advantages that:
1st, the present invention is using low-temperature receiver of the diffusion absorption refrigerating machine as showcase constant humidity control system, with compact conformation, Reliable, the extremely low advantage of operation noise adjusts refrigeration machine cold and heating wire heat using power regulating eqiupment, reached to showcase temperature The effect of the accurate control of humidity.
2nd, the present invention first applies to semi-conductor condensation intake technology in cultural relics display case constant humidity control system, and to water intaking Component has carried out structure and optimized with performance, and super-hydrophobic coat, super water-purifying filter film are coated with using cold recovery device, condensation fin Etc. cleaning, the stable operation that equipment realizes water intaking component;Using microprocessor to extraneous air blower, semiconductor in water intaking component Piece carries out start-up and shut-down control, and is combined with high water tank sensor, it is ensured that cistern water level is in normal interval, ideally realizes historical relic Showcase constant humidity control system from water intaking function, it is to avoid it is artificial to add water and the problem of radiator service, realize all the period of time of showcase Reliability service.
3rd, evaporator is placed in water tank and controls water temperature by the present invention, and air is horizontal when skimming over the water tank water surface because water temperature is different, point Dehumidifying/humidifying process is not realized, deflector is set in water tank, makes heat and mass more abundant, further increases system Response speed and control stability.
4th, the present invention gathers warm and humid degrees of data using the Temperature Humidity Sensor being placed in showcase, with microprocessor input Connection, microprocessor uses PID control, is contrasted to setting warm and humid angle value with measured value, output analog signal to first and second Power regulating eqiupment, PID uses the state modulator of Self-tuning System three, improves system control stability.Compact conformation of the present invention, it is reliable, Noise is extremely low, and realizes all the period of time automatic running, can have larger advantage in cultural relic conservation and cultural relics display case application aspect And positive role.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of semiconductor-air water intaking component in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is control figure of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the control figure of semiconductor-air water intaking component in the present invention.
Reference in figure:1st, generator;2nd, absorber;3rd, fluid reservoir;4th, condenser;5th, evaporator;6th, water tank;7、 Heater strip;8th, weak solution pipe;9th, conductor air water-intaking component;10th, balance pipe;11st, showcase blower fan;12nd, ajutage;13rd, return air Pipe;14th, showcase;15th, deflector;16th, Water warfare component;17th, water collector;18th, micro type ultra-violet sterilizer;19th, controller; 20th, activated carbon water purification filter layer;21st, efficient water-purifying filter film;22nd, the first power regulating eqiupment;23rd, the second power regulating eqiupment;24th, high water tank Sensor;25th, microprocessor;26th, cooling-water temperature sensor;27 Temperature Humidity Sensors;901st, roughing efficiency air filter;902nd, cold recovery Device;903rd, outside air blower fan;904th, semiconductor chip hot junction;905th, semiconductor hot junction heat exchange of heat pipe;906th, semiconductor chip heat Hold blower fan;907th, semiconductor chip cold end;908th, semiconductor chip cold end condensation fin;909th, guiding gutter;910th, water receiving pipe;911st, return Wind air channel;912nd, entrance air-valve.
Embodiment
The present invention is further elaborated and illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.Each in the present invention is implemented The technical characteristic of mode can carry out respective combination on the premise of not colliding with each other.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system with self-watering function, it includes hair Raw device 1, absorber 2, fluid reservoir 3, condenser 4, evaporator 5, water tank 6, heater strip 7, weak solution pipe 8, semiconductor-air water intaking Component 9, balance pipe 10, showcase blower fan 11, ajutage 12, backwind tube 13, showcase 14, deflector 15, Water warfare component 16, catchment Device 17, micro type ultra-violet sterilizer 18;The taphole of fluid reservoir 3, generator 1, condenser 4, evaporator 5, the one end of absorber 2 are suitable Secondary connection, the other end of absorber 2 is connected with the solution inlet port of fluid reservoir 3, the refrigerant gas entrance of condenser 4 and the one end of balance pipe 10 It is connected, the other end of balance pipe 10 is connected with the bottom of absorber 2, and the dilute solution inlet of fluid reservoir 3 is connected with the one end of weak solution pipe 8, dilute The other end of solution conduit 8 is connected with the top of absorber 2;Water tank 6 is sequentially circulated with ajutage 12, showcase 14, backwind tube 13 and is connected, water Case 6 carries out the horizontal water surface of plunderring of gas by deflector 15 and carries out heat transfer biography with being provided with deflector 15, air at the connector of ajutage 12 Matter, heater strip 7 is arranged at ajutage 12, realizes thermostatic control;Outside air is tied by semiconductor-air water intaking component 9 Dew water intaking, semiconductor-air water intaking component 9, Water warfare component 16, water collector 17, micro type ultra-violet sterilizer 18 are suitable by pipeline Secondary to be connected, condensed water enters water collector 17 after treatment, and water collector 17 is connected with the top of water tank 6.
As shown in Fig. 2 also including controller 19, for realizing automatically controlling for each part.
Semiconductor-air water intaking component 9 includes roughing efficiency air filter 901, cold recovery device 902, outside air blower fan 903, half Conductor piece hot junction 904, semiconductor hot junction heat exchange of heat pipe 905, semiconductor chip hot junction blower fan 906, semiconductor chip cold end 907, half Conductor piece cold end condensation fin 908, guiding gutter 909, water receiving pipe 910, return airway 911, entrance air-valve 912;Outside air exists Under outside air blower fan 903 is drawn, entrance air-valve 912, roughing efficiency air filter 901, cold recovery device 902, semiconductor are passed sequentially through Piece cold end condenses fin 908, and semiconductor chip cold end condensation fin 908 is sequentially connected semiconductor chip cold end 907, semiconductor chip hot junction 904th, semiconductor hot junction heat exchange of heat pipe 905, semiconductor chip hot junction blower fan 906, air is pre- by return air in cold recovery device 902 It is cold, fin 908 is condensed by semiconductor chip cold end and carries out condensation water intaking;Guiding gutter 909, guiding gutter 909 are machined with air channel It is connected with water receiving pipe 910, return airway 911 is connected with cold recovery device 902.
Water warfare component 16 includes activated carbon water purification filter layer 20 and efficient water-purifying filter film 21.
Micro type ultra-violet sterilization device 18 is positioned over the top of water collector 17, the top of water collector 17 processing deflation aperture, it is ensured that Condensed water is normal in water receiving pipe 910 and the descending liquid of water collector 17.
Semiconductor chip cold end condensation fin 907 inserts the gross section in air channel, is flowed to air channel parallel, fin bottom is scribbled Hydrophilic layer, for strengthening heat exchange;Fin surface scribbles super-hydrophobic coat, is easy to condensed water to be dripped in time from fin.
Controller includes the first power regulating eqiupment 22, the second power regulating eqiupment 23, high water tank sensor 24, microprocessor 25;It is described Cooling-water temperature sensor 26 is set in water tank, and cooling-water temperature sensor 26 is connected with the input of microprocessor 25, arrangement humiture in the showcase Sensor 27, Temperature Humidity Sensor 27 is connected with the input of microprocessor 25, and high water tank sensor 24 is arranged in the top of water tank 6, Outside air blower fan work timer is set in microprocessor 25, for recording air water-intaking component operation time, the first Power Regulation Device 22 adjusts the heating power of generator, and the input of the first power regulating eqiupment 22 is connected with the output end of microprocessor 25, for controlling Water tank temperature processed realizes that, to showcase humid control, the second power regulating eqiupment 23 adjusts the heating power of heater strip, second power regulating eqiupment 23 inputs are connected with the output end of microprocessor 25.
It is the control block diagram of the system as shown in Figure 3,4:Generator is started working in diffusion absorbing system after start, water Water temperature is reduced in case, and cooling-water temperature sensor data measured reaches microprocessor in water tank, when judging as little as 7 DEG C of water temperature, microprocessor Initiate enabling signal to showcase blower fan, humidification dehumidification operation carried out to showcase air-supply when water temperature is relatively low, it is to avoid under normal temperature plus The wet humidity problems of too caused;Now showcase Temperature Humidity Sensor measures warm and humid degrees of data to microprocessor, warm and humid with setting Degree is contrasted, and analog signal is exported using pid control algorithm, and the first power regulating eqiupment, the second power regulating eqiupment are controlled respectively, is realized to exhibition The stability contorting of cabinet temperature, humidity;Meanwhile, cooling-water temperature sensor measures water level signal and reaches microprocessor in water tank, with setting water Case ordinary water level interval is contrasted, if deviateing normal interval, microprocessor sends open signal to semiconductor-air water intaking group Part, now semiconductor chip, outside air blower fan, the unlatching of semiconductor chip hot junction blower fan, is carried out from water intaking program.While in order to consider Fault alarm function, in the microprocessor set ask for water assembly work timer, if water intaking program continuously work up to 2h with On, and cistern water level still deviates normal interval, then is alarmed, tip parts failure problems.
Embodiment described above is a kind of preferably scheme of the present invention, and so it is not intended to limiting the invention.Have The those of ordinary skill for closing technical field, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can also make various changes Change and modification.Therefore the technical scheme that all modes for taking equivalent substitution or equivalent transformation are obtained, all falls within the guarantor of the present invention In the range of shield.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system with self-watering function, it is characterised in that including occurring Device (1), absorber (2), fluid reservoir (3), condenser (4), evaporator (5), water tank (6), heater strip (7), weak solution pipe (8), Semiconductor-air water intaking component (9), balance pipe (10), showcase blower fan (11), ajutage (12), backwind tube (13), showcase (14), Deflector (15), Water warfare component (16), water collector (17), micro type ultra-violet sterilizer (18);Fluid reservoir (3) taphole, Generator (1), condenser (4), evaporator (5), absorber (2) one end are sequentially connected with, absorber (2) other end and fluid reservoir (3) solution inlet port is connected, and condenser (4) refrigerant gas entrance is connected with balance pipe (10) one end, balance pipe (10) other end It is connected with absorber (2) bottom, fluid reservoir (3) dilute solution inlet is connected with weak solution pipe (8) one end, and weak solution pipe (8) is another End is connected with absorber (2) top;Water tank (6) is sequentially circulated with ajutage (12), showcase (14), backwind tube (13) and is connected, water Case (6) carries out the horizontal water surface of plunderring of gas by deflector (15) and entered with being provided with deflector (15), air at ajutage (12) connector Row heat and mass, heater strip (7) is arranged in ajutage (12) place, realizes thermostatic control;Outside air is taken by semiconductor-air Water assembly (9) carries out condensation water intaking, semiconductor-air water intaking component (9), Water warfare component (16), water collector (17), miniature purple Outside line sterilizer (18) is sequentially connected by pipeline, and condensed water enters water collector (17), water collector (17) and water after treatment Case (6) top is connected.
2. there is the diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system of self-watering function, its feature as claimed in claim 1 It is, in addition to controller (19), for realizing automatically controlling for each part.
3. there is the diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system of self-watering function, its feature as claimed in claim 1 It is, described semiconductor-air water intaking component (9) includes roughing efficiency air filter (901), cold recovery device (902), outside air Blower fan (903), semiconductor chip hot junction (904), semiconductor hot junction heat exchange of heat pipe (905), semiconductor chip hot junction blower fan (906), Semiconductor chip cold end (907), semiconductor chip cold end condensation fin (908), guiding gutter (909), water receiving pipe (910), return airway (911), entrance air-valve (912);Outside air extraneous air blower (903) traction under, pass sequentially through entrance air-valve (912), Roughing efficiency air filter (901), cold recovery device (902), semiconductor chip cold end condensation fin (908), semiconductor chip cold end condensation rib Piece (908) be sequentially connected semiconductor chip cold end (907), semiconductor chip hot junction (904), semiconductor hot junction heat exchange of heat pipe (905), By return air precooling, rib is condensed by semiconductor chip cold end in cold recovery device (902) for semiconductor chip hot junction blower fan (906), air Piece (908) carries out condensation water intaking;Guiding gutter (909) is machined with air channel, guiding gutter (909) is connected with water receiving pipe (910), returned Wind air channel (911) is connected with cold recovery device (902).
4. there is the diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system of self-watering function, its feature as claimed in claim 1 It is, described Water warfare component (16) includes activated carbon water purification filter layer (20) and efficient water-purifying filter film (21).
5. there is the diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system of self-watering function, its feature as claimed in claim 1 It is, described micro type ultra-violet sterilization device (18) is positioned over processing at the top of the top of water collector (17), water collector (17) and deflated Aperture, it is ensured that condensed water is normal in water receiving pipe (910) and water collector (17) descending liquid.
6. there is the diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system of self-watering function, its feature as claimed in claim 1 It is, described semiconductor chip cold end condensation fin (907) inserts the gross section in air channel, and parallel, fin bottom is flowed to air channel End scribbles hydrophilic layer, for strengthening heat exchange;Fin surface scribbles super-hydrophobic coat, is easy to condensed water to be dripped in time from fin.
7. there is the diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system of self-watering function, its feature as claimed in claim 1 It is, described controller includes the first power regulating eqiupment (22), the second power regulating eqiupment (23), high water tank sensor (24), microprocessor Device (25);Cooling-water temperature sensor (26) is set in the water tank, and cooling-water temperature sensor (26) is connected with microprocessor (25) input, described Arrangement Temperature Humidity Sensor (27) in showcase, Temperature Humidity Sensor (27) is connected with microprocessor (25) input, and high water tank is passed Sensor (24) is arranged at the top of water tank (6), outside air blower fan work timer is set in microprocessor 25, for recording air Fetch water the component operation time, the first power regulating eqiupment (22) adjusts the heating power of generator, the first power regulating eqiupment (22) input It is connected with microprocessor (25) output end, for controlling water tank temperature to realize, to showcase humid control, the second power regulating eqiupment (23) is adjusted The heating power of heater strip is saved, the second power regulating eqiupment (23) input is connected with microprocessor (25) output end.
CN201710729789.8A 2017-08-23 2017-08-23 A kind of diffusion absorbing cultural relics display case constant humidity control system with self-watering function Pending CN107307683A (en)

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CN109062302A (en) * 2018-10-25 2018-12-21 浙江大学 Temperature and humidity control system based on Gas Refrigerator
CN109186024A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-01-11 浙江大学 Temperature and humidity control system with adsorption condensing water supplement function
CN109189131A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-01-11 浙江大学 The temperature and humidity control system of Gas Refrigerator and diffusion absorption cooling couple
CN109340937A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-02-15 浙江大学 Manifold type temperature and humidity control system with condensation water intaking function
CN109343620A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-02-15 浙江大学 Temperature and humidity control system with condensation water intaking function
CN109357372A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-02-19 浙江大学 Manifold type temperature and humidity control system with adsorption condensing water supplement function
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