CN109595703A - A kind of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier and its working method - Google Patents

A kind of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier and its working method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109595703A
CN109595703A CN201811501830.7A CN201811501830A CN109595703A CN 109595703 A CN109595703 A CN 109595703A CN 201811501830 A CN201811501830 A CN 201811501830A CN 109595703 A CN109595703 A CN 109595703A
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China
Prior art keywords
air
valve
condenser
evaporator
heat pump
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Granted
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CN201811501830.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109595703B (en
Inventor
姚永明
刘庆利
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Jiangsu Zhiyuan Gao Ke Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Zhiyuan Gao Ke Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing
    • F24F11/65Electronic processing for selecting an operating mode
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B13/00Compression machines, plants or systems, with reversible cycle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B29/00Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously
    • F25B29/003Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously of the compression type system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B49/00Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F25B49/02Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for compression type machines, plants or systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2313/00Compression machines, plants or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for
    • F25B2313/027Compression machines, plants or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for characterised by the reversing means
    • F25B2313/02741Compression machines, plants or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for characterised by the reversing means using one four-way valve

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier and its working methods.It includes air precooler, two and more than two cooling cycle systems and air heater.Wherein, air precooler, two refrigeration systems, air heaters are sequentially placed in the direction of the air flow.More than two cooling cycle systems being set side by side, refrigeration system one is configured with an evaporator and a condenser, it can be achieved that refrigeration or heat pump heating;System two is configured with first evaporator and two parallel condensing devices, it can be achieved that refrigerated dehumidification, atmosphere temperature rising, water heat cycles.The present invention can be handled step by step air, made full use of the energy of various different qualities, achieved the purpose that improve comprehensive energy efficiency.Unit condensing units are recycled simultaneously, adjusting improves ventilation state, conditioning tank Room temperature and humidity and pond water temperature, while recycling the energy of air draft, for reducing unit condensation temperature or improves evaporating temperature, improves efficiency.

Description

A kind of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier and its working method
Technical field
The present invention relates to dehumidifier fields, and in particular to a kind of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier and its working method.
Background technique
With the continuous improvement of people's living standards, people do not require nothing more than the place that can be swum, to the environment of swimming More stringent requirements are proposed, also needs to guarantee certain fresh-air ventilation amount, therefore, indoor pool Temperature and Humidity Control is increasingly by wide General attention.When relative humidity is excessively high, indoor air quality be cannot be guaranteed;When relative humidity is too low, water evaporation is too fast It undoubtedly will increase input cost.In short, the quality requirements of air are higher and higher in the Room of pond, the function of swimming pool dehumidifier also requires to get over Come more.Swimming pool dehumidifier uses on a large scale, and energy conservation also becomes the emphasis of concern
High-quality Swimming pool, not only need it is annual keep pond water temperature, pond Room air themperature, relative humidity it is constant, also want Guarantee that the enough supply amounts of fresh air, fresh air can be used for meeting human health demand, foul indoor air can be discharged, eradicates different Taste guarantees the fresh comfortable of air.For swimming pool, substantially it is considered that the hot humidity load of water bring is invariable, but It is to supplement the load of fresh air to be changed at random according to outer work condition, the increasing of fresh air volume, summer high temperature high humidity or winter low temperature low humidity Air can be very big to unit increase load, bring difficulty to even deviate from out demand model the control of Temperature and Relative Humidity of Indoor Air It encloses.The air of indoor temperature and humidity relative comfort is exhausted directly to outdoor simultaneously, will cause the waste of the energy.If can be in the spring and summer autumn Under winter various operating conditions, indoor environment stable conditions were not only guaranteed, but also have been able to satisfy the demand of fresh air volume, while can be by the energy of air draft not Waste, moreover it is possible to not increase unit load, become the problem for needing to solve.
Simultaneously general swimming pool dehumidifier in order to avoid indoor air temperature it is excessively high, can swim with configuration air-conditioner outdoor unit Pond is generally located on large-scale building and activity centre etc., these activity centres are normally at bustling central area, external zones Domain space an inch of land is an inch of gold, periphery greening and arrangement are required to very high, it is clear that and the installation of outdoor unit and arrangement are a very big problems, One installation for carrying out outdoor unit can destroy the aesthetic feeling entirely planned, two carry out the high temperature air of outdoor unit discharge to surrounding greening and road It will impact.Outdoor unit is mounted on skyscraper roof, thus the host of dehumidifier and outdoor unit distance by some places Several floors can be passed through, cause indoor and outdoor machine pipeline length, height difference big, the refrigerating capacity of unit is decreased obviously, and oil return is poor, complete machine efficiency It reduces, unit durability shortens.Three, complete machine is completed to can ensure that product quality in factory, avoids site operation to unit bring one It is a little to influence.
In conventional swimming pool dehumidifier, cold water surface air cooler is mounted on behind reheater condenser.Thus the problem of bringing is: one As cold water temperature it is identical or slightly higher as refrigeration system evaporating temperature, hot humidity load can not be undertaken again, when reheater condenser work when, It is reheated after will cause refrigerated dehumidification, the process then to cool down again, energy waste.Or cold water surface air cooler can only compressor not Start when work, this configuration, refrigeration system is needed by whole configuration of load, and surface air cooler is also required to make by whole configuration of load It is excessively high at unit initial cost.When needing external heat source auxiliary heating, cold water surface air cooler can not be compatible with other other than hot water Heat medium.When the winter pond Room needs to dehumidify heating, the Surface cooling coil of postposition can not reach requirement simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is in view of the deficienciess of the prior art, provide a kind of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier and Its working method.
To achieve the above object, in a first aspect, the present invention provides a kind of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifiers, at least Including several air precoolers, air heater, desiccant cooling association system, refrigeration heating association system, wind treatment channel and Air exhaust passage;
The desiccant cooling association system includes the first compressor, and the outlet end of first compressor passes through electromagnetism respectively Valve is connected with reheater condenser and water condenser, and the reheater condenser and water condenser are connected with the first expansion valve, institute It states the first expansion valve and is connected with the first evaporator, first evaporator is connected to the arrival end of the first compressor, the water Condenser is equipped with the water inlet pipe and outlet pipe connecting respectively with swimming pool;
The refrigeration heating association system includes the second compressor, and the inlet end and an outlet end of second compressor connects There is four-way reversing valve, the four-way reversing valve is connected with air draft condenser and the second evaporator, the air draft condenser and second The second expansion valve is connected between evaporator;
Wind treatment channel one end is equipped with return air inlet, and the other end is equipped with air outlet, and is internally provided with blower, the sky Gas forecooler, air heater, the first evaporator, the second evaporator and reheater condenser are arranged in wind treatment channel, institute The front side that the first evaporator and the second evaporator is arranged in air precooler is stated, the reheater condenser and air heater are successively It is arranged on rear side of the first evaporator and the second evaporator;
Described air exhaust passage one end is equipped with fresh wind port, and the other end is equipped with exhaust outlet, and is internally provided with exhaust blower, the row Wind cooling condenser is arranged in air exhaust passage.
Further, the air heater includes thermal medium air heater and electric heater.
Further, the wind treatment channel and air exhaust passage are integral type frame structure, and the air exhaust passage setting exists The upside of wind treatment channel, and it is equipped with insulating between wind treatment channel.
Further, between the air exhaust passage and wind treatment channel be equipped with exhaust valve and new air-valve, the exhaust valve and The aperture of new air-valve is adjustable.
Further, the return air inlet and the ipsilateral setting of exhaust outlet, the air outlet and fresh wind port are separately positioned on return air The opposite side of mouth and exhaust outlet;The exhaust valve is arranged between return fan and air precooler in wind treatment channel, and its It is arranged between air draft condenser and new air-valve in air exhaust passage, the new air-valve is arranged in wind treatment channel to be condensed in reheating Between device and pressure fan, and it is arranged in air exhaust passage in fresh wind port side.
Further, the insulating includes polyurethane foam board.
In second aspect, the present invention also provides a kind of working method of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier,
When starting summer operation mode, the exhaust valve and new air-valve keep the minimum aperture for meeting fresh air volume, control New wind load meets fresh air volume requirement, the desiccant cooling association system operation refrigerated dehumidification and water heating cycle, the system Cold heating association system runs cooling condition, is passed through coolant media in the air precooler;
When starting winter operating mode, the exhaust valve and new air-valve are opened according to the adjustment of the water capacity and temperature of air-supply Degree both meets air-supply temperature and humidity and requires while guaranteeing that indoor enough fresh airs are sent into, the desiccant cooling association system fortune Row heating and dehumidification operating condition, the refrigeration heating association system run heat pump heating condition, and the air heater puts into operation;
It is described when the hot indoor air-supply of humidity load satisfaction of outdoor fresh air requires when starting spring and autumn excessive seasonal work mode Exhaust valve and fresh air valve opening are maximum, and the desiccant cooling association system and refrigeration heating association system are out of service;In the Room of pond Air humidity load becomes smaller, hot refrigeration duty hour, and the desiccant cooling association system and refrigeration heating association system are according to the pond Room Air themperature, air humidity and pond water temperature switchover operation operating condition or isolated operation are out of service, the air precooler It puts into operation as needed with air heater.
Further, when the desiccant cooling association system runs refrigerated dehumidification and water heating cycle, first pressure The starting of contracting machine, first evaporator carry out cool-down dehumidification to air, and the reheater condenser heats air according to setting value, And the supply air temperature after adjusting is made to be lower than the air themperature in the pond Room, the water condenser is to water heating;The desiccant cooling When association system runs heating and dehumidification operating condition, first compressor start, the water condenser does not work, the first evaporator Cool-down dehumidification is carried out to air, the reheater condenser heats air according to setting value, and keeps the supply air temperature after adjusting high Air themperature in the pond Room.
Further, when refrigeration heating association system operation cooling condition, second compressor start, described the Two evaporators carry out cool-down dehumidification to air, and the pond Room is discharged in the heat of air draft condenser by the air-conditioning draught fan;The refrigeration adds When heat integration system runs heat pump heating condition, second compressor start, the four-way reversing valve obtains cutting and changes refrigerant Flow direction, so that second evaporator heats air, the air-conditioning draught fan obtains heat outside the Room of pond.
Further, when the exhaust valve and new air-valve are opened, part return air is entered in air exhaust passage by exhaust valve, with Air draft condenser is set to recycle cooling capacity or heat in return air, so as to improve the condensation temperature or evaporation of the air draft condenser Temperature, part fresh air is mixed by new air-valve with return air, to improve air-supply quality.
The utility model has the advantages that the first, present invention improves complete machine efficiency using using multistage cold source.Cold water air processor is pre-chilled Cold source can be a variety of cold sources, high, medium and low temperature cold water.Summer undertakes the hot humidity load in part, season in spring and autumn, when refrigeration is When system is not run, whole loads can be undertaken.
The second, pre-cooling cold water air processor is placed on before evaporator by the present invention, can be to the air of high temperature and humidity It is pre-processed, reduces the load of refrigeration system compressor, be compressor operating constant duty, improve the compressor service life.
Third, the present invention configure thermal medium air heater simultaneously behind reheater condenser, are that unit meets various works Condition service requirement.
4th, the present invention is an integral structure, and solves erecting bed and field erected problem.
5th, new air-valve and exhaust valve are set in optimum position, be not only able to satisfy indoor return air energy regenerating, but also be able to achieve complete Row send all-fresh air to run entirely.
6th, unit operational mode and the open degree of new exhaust valve match, and meet four seasons operating condition variation bring load Variation guarantees that indoor operating condition is constant.
7th, refrigeration system two configures 2 condensers, 2 condensers be parallel form, it can be achieved that targetedly dehumidifying, Refrigeration, air heating, water heat multiple functions.Fluorine system flow simple and stable.
8th, system one is furnished with four-way reversing valve, and machine unit in winter can be exchanged into heating mode, meet winter indoor heat load Increase.
9th, in wind system, the first evaporator and the second evaporator are that installation, resistance in air system are small side by side.First evaporation Device and the second evaporator can be arranged up and down, can also control arrangement, and when upper and lower arrangement, the second evaporator is mounted on the first evaporator Top avoids condensed water from evaporating again.
Tenth, air precooler of the invention, air heater, refrigeration system one and refrigeration system two can independent operating, It can run simultaneously, plurality of operating modes combination, various operating conditions and energy-efficient purpose can be suitble to by realizing while meeting.It efficiently solves Various combinations matches mode operations in the case where spring and autumn transition season, cold (heat) humidity load in winter are different, Reasonable input Refrigerating capacity, moisture removal, again heat, water heating amount, heat pump heating capacity, by the recycling and reusing of unit condensation heat, by air draft energy Recycling and reusing is measured, fresh air is supplemented, adjusts ventilation state, constant pond Room temperature and humidity.While realizing a unit multiple functions, Reach energy-efficient purpose.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic illustration of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier.
Specific embodiment
In the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is furture elucidated, and the present embodiment is with technical solution of the present invention Premised under implemented, it should be understood that these examples are only for illustrating the present invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier, the swimming pool heat pumps Dehumidifier includes more than two straight swollen systems, and the present embodiment illustrates by taking two straight swollen systems as an example.Solid arrow direction in figure Indicate that the flow direction of refrigerant when refrigeration cycle, dotted arrow direction indicate the flowing side of refrigerant when heat pump heating circulation To.
In the straight swollen system of two of the embodiment of the present invention, the refrigeration heating association system of system one, system two is desiccant cooling Association system.Wherein, desiccant cooling association system is swollen including the first compressor 6, water condenser 7, reheater condenser 8, first Swollen valve 9 and the first evaporator 10.The outlet end of first compressor 6 passes through solenoid valve (not shown) and reheater condenser respectively 8 and water condenser 7 connect, control the work of two solenoid valves, i.e., the flow direction of controllable refrigerant.Reheater condenser 8 and pond The outlet end of water condenser 7 is connect with the first expansion valve 9, and the first expansion valve 9 is connect with the first evaporator 10, the first evaporator 10 It is connected to the arrival end of the first compressor 6.Water condenser 7 is preferably using heat exchanger made of anticorrosion material.Pool water within is cold Condenser 7 is equipped with the water inlet pipe A and outlet pipe B connecting respectively with swimming pool.
The refrigeration heating association system of the embodiment of the present invention includes the second compressor 1, four-way reversing valve 2, air draft condenser 3, the second expansion valve 4 and the second evaporator 5, with four-way reversing valve 2, four-way changes the inlet end and an outlet end of the second compressor 1 It is separately connected to valve 2 and air draft condenser 3 and the second evaporator 5, the second expansion valve 4 is connected to air draft condenser 3 and second and steams It sends out between device 5.
This swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier further includes a wind treatment channel 20, and 20 one end of wind treatment channel is return air inlet 21, separately One end is air outlet 22, the air in the pond Room inside the wind treatment channel 20 that return air inlet 21 enters the machine, treated air from Air outlet 22 is sent into the Room of pond.Blower is equipped with inside wind treatment channel 20.First evaporator 10, the second evaporator 5 and reheating Condenser 8 is arranged in wind treatment channel 20.Several air precoolers 18 are additionally provided in wind treatment channel 20, also, The front side on airflow direction of the first evaporator 10 and the second evaporator 5 is arranged in air precooler 18, i.e., close to return air inlet 21 side.
An air heater 19 is additionally provided in wind treatment channel 20, air heater 19 can use thermal medium air Heater or electric heater, wherein thermal medium air heater can be using water or steam as thermal medium.Reheating condensation The rear side on airflow direction of the first evaporator 10 and the second evaporator 5 is arranged in device 8, and air heater 19 is arranged in reheating The rear side on airflow direction of condenser 8.The embodiment of the present invention preferably uses a return fan 15 and a pressure fan 16.Its In, the rear side of reheater condenser 8 is arranged in 18 front side of air precooler, pressure fan 16 in the setting of return fan 15.In summer, to sky It is passed through coolant media in gas forecooler 18, to carry out precooling treatment to air, reduces the first evaporator of rear side 10 and the second evaporation The workload of device 5.Wherein, coolant media can be using low-temperature cold water (2 ° or so), medium temperature cold water (7 ° or so) or high temperature Cold water (14 ° or so).As a preferred embodiment, the first evaporator 10 and the second evaporator about 5 are side by side or left and right is set side by side, When according to being set side by side up and down, the second evaporator 5 is preferably disposed in parallel in the upside of the first evaporator 10, to prevent the first steaming The condensing drip that hair device 10 generates when working in winter causes double evaporation-cooling on the second cold evaporator 5.
The embodiment of the invention also includes an air exhaust passage 23, one end of air exhaust passage 23 is equipped with fresh wind port 24, the other end Equipped with exhaust outlet 25, it is equipped with exhaust blower 17 in the inside of air exhaust passage 23, air exhaust passage 23 and about 20 wind treatment channel are arranged side by side Setting, and preferably air exhaust passage 23 is arranged in upside.Air draft condenser 3 is arranged in air exhaust passage 23, and exhaust blower 17 is set It sets in the front side of air draft condenser 3, exhaust blower 17 can also be arranged to the rear side of air draft condenser 3.In air exhaust passage 23 and Feng Chu It manages and is equipped with exhaust valve 14 and new air-valve 13 between channel 20, the aperture of exhaust valve 14 and new air-valve 13 can be adjusted according to the needs. Specifically, return air inlet 21 and the ipsilateral setting of exhaust outlet 25, the opposite side of return air inlet 21 is arranged in air outlet 22, and the setting of fresh wind port 24 exists The opposite side of exhaust outlet 25.Exhaust valve 14 is being preferably provided between return fan 15 and air precooler 18 in wind treatment channel 20, Exhaust valve 14 is being arranged between air draft condenser 3 and new air-valve 13 in air exhaust passage 23.New air-valve 13 is in wind treatment channel 20 Middle to be arranged between reheater condenser 8 and pressure fan 16, new air-valve 13 is arranged in air exhaust passage 23 in 24 side of fresh wind port.
Wind treatment channel 20 and air exhaust passage 23 are integrated frame structure, between wind treatment channel 20 and air exhaust passage 23 Equipped with insulating, insulating can be the partition of heat-insulating and sealing, and partition preferably uses polyurethane foam board.Due to row Wind cooling condenser 3 is arranged in air exhaust passage, the aperture preferably on insulating, and by air draft condenser 3 and four-way reversing valve 2 And the second connecting line between expansion valve 4 interts insulating setting, and sealing element is arranged in interspersed position, is opened with guarantee Leakproofness between hole and connecting tube.
It is controlled for the ease of the temperature to water, temperature sensor 11 is provided on water inlet pipe A, in outlet pipe B On be additionally provided with water flow switch 12, when water flow switch 12 is when detecting that no water flows through, automatic protective system control first Solenoid valve between compressor 6 and water condenser 7 is closed, and so that high temperature refrigerant is not passed through water condenser 7, is guaranteed that water adds When thermal condition, system is operated normally safely.
At work, the embodiment of the present invention has summer operation mode, winter operating mode and spring and autumn excessive seasonal work Mode.The air high temperature and humidity within summer, the pond Room, the cold humidity load of outdoor fresh air are greater than the cold humidity load of indoor return air bring, when When starting summer operation mode, exhaust valve 14 and new air-valve 13 keep the minimum aperture for meeting fresh air volume, control new wind load, full Sufficient fresh air volume requirement, desiccant cooling association system run refrigerated dehumidification and water heating cycle, refrigeration heating association system operation Cooling condition.Coolant media is passed through in air precooler 18.
In winter, indoor load is humidity load and thermic load, when starting winter operating mode, exhaust valve 14 and new air-valve 13 adjust aperture according to the water capacity and temperature of air-supply, and the fresh air of dry low temperature mixes with the air after dehumidifying heating, both met Air-supply temperature and humidity requires while guaranteeing that indoor enough fresh airs are sent into.Desiccant cooling association system runs heating and dehumidification work Condition, refrigeration heating association system run heat pump heating condition, and air heater 19 puts into operation.
In spring and autumn excessive season, when starting spring and autumn excessive seasonal work mode, if the hot humidity load base of outdoor fresh air The air-supply requirement of this satisfaction interior, unit can open all-fresh air energy-saving run, and exhaust valve 14 and 13 aperture of new air-valve are maximum, this When, desiccant cooling association system does not work with the refrigeration component in refrigeration heating association system, utmostly reaches energy-efficient Purpose.When in the Room of pond air humidity load become smaller, hot (cold) load hour, desiccant cooling association system and refrigeration heating association system According to the air themperature in the pond Room and pond water temperature switchover operation operating condition or independent operating.Desiccant cooling association system and refrigeration add Operation can be flexibly matched in heat integration system.Desiccant cooling association system can be controlled according to air themperature and pond water temperature detection case The heating of reheater condenser processed and water condenser is put into, and so that pond Room temperature is unlikely to too low, while keeping pond water temperature.Refrigeration Heating association system can judge to start refrigeration mode or heat pump according to indoor humidity situation, air humidity and temperature conditions Mode keeps the temperature and humidity of room air.Specifically, two straight swollen systems can have following several working methods: refrigeration heating Association system runs refrigerated dehumidification operating condition, refrigeration heating association system operation operation of heat pump operating condition, refrigeration heating association system fortune Row cool-down dehumidification operating condition, desiccant cooling association system operation heating are except wet cooling condition, desiccant cooling association system operation temperature adjusting and dehumidifying Operating condition, freeze heating association system operation refrigerated dehumidification operating condition+desiccant cooling association system operation cool-down dehumidification operating condition, refrigeration add Heat integration system runs refrigerated dehumidification operating condition+desiccant cooling association system operation heating except wet cooling condition, refrigeration heating association system Run refrigerated dehumidification operating condition+desiccant cooling association system operation temperature adjusting and dehumidifying operating condition, refrigeration heating association system operation heat pump fortune Row operating condition+desiccant cooling association system operation water heating cycle, refrigeration heating association system run operation of heat pump operating condition+dehumidifying Association system operation heating freeze except wet cooling condition and refrigeration heating association system operation of heat pump operating condition+desiccant cooling association system fortune Row temperature adjusting and dehumidifying operating condition.When in the Room of pond air humidity load become smaller, hot (cold) load hour, desiccant cooling association system and refrigeration plus Heat integration system can also be out of service, and individually air precooler 18 or air can be made to add according to actual air themperature and humidity Hot device 19 puts into operation, to handle return air.Air precooler 18 and air heater 19 and desiccant cooling can also be passed through Association system and refrigeration heating association system match work to adjust, so that temperature adjusting is more flexible.
When desiccant cooling association system runs refrigerated dehumidification and water heating cycle, the starting of the first compressor 6 is compressed out High pressure, high temperature refrigerant enter in reheater condenser 8 and water condenser 7 simultaneously, then enter the by the first expansion valve 9 In one evaporator 10, it is finally back to the first compressor 11, reciprocation cycle.
When desiccant cooling association system runs heating and dehumidification operating condition, the first compressor 6 starts, the first compressor 6 and pond Solenoid valve between water condenser 7 is closed, so that water condenser 7 does not work.First compressor 6 compresses high pressure-temperature system out Cryogen enters in reheater condenser 8, is then entered in the first evaporator 10 by the first expansion valve 9, is finally back to the first compression Machine 6, reciprocation cycle.
When refrigeration heating association system operation cooling condition, the starting of the second compressor 1, successively by compressed refrigerant Four-way reversing valve 2, air draft condenser 3, the second expansion valve 4, the second evaporator 5 and four-way reversing valve 2 are flowed through, is finally changed from four-way The arrival end of the second compressor 2, reciprocation cycle are flow back into valve 2.
When refrigeration heating association system operation heat pump heating condition, the starting of the second compressor 1, four-way reversing valve 2 obtains electric Switch refrigerant flow direction, so that by compressed refrigerant followed by four-way reversing valve 2, the second evaporator 5, the second expansion valve 4, air draft condenser 3 and four-way reversing valve 2 finally flow back into the arrival end of the second compressor 1 from four-way reversing valve 2, back and forth follow Ring.
The air handling scheme under summer operation mode are as follows: pressure fan 16, return fan 15 and exhaust blower 17 are opened, and the pond Room is returned Wind is introduced into inside unit by return fan 15, and a part enters air exhaust passage 23 by exhaust valve 14, and a part passes through air Forecooler 18 is tentatively dehumidified, and is then removed by the cooling that the first evaporator 10 and the second evaporator 5 carry out depth to air Wet, reheater condenser 8 heats air according to setting value, and the supply air temperature after adjusting is made to be lower than the air themperature in the pond Room, passes through After this part return air of crossing that treated mix with the fresh air introduced by new air-valve 13, meet the mixing air of air-supply requirement Interior is sent by pressure fan 16.Water condenser 7 heats water, keeps water constant temperature.In air exhaust passage 23, a part Fresh air enters wind treatment channel 20 by new air-valve 13, a part with for the opposite fresh air introduced by exhaust valve 14 compared with After the mixing of low temperature and low humidity return air, mixed aerial temperature and humidity operating condition is all slightly lower compared with fresh air operating condition temperature and humidity, slightly lower temperature and humidity Air passes through air draft condenser 3, takes away condensation heat, and the cooling capacity in air draft has been carried out energy regenerating in whole process, has been dropped simultaneously Low unit condensation temperature, improves unit efficiency.
Air handling scheme under operating mode in winter are as follows: pressure fan 16, return fan 15 and exhaust blower 17 are opened, and the pond Room is returned Wind is introduced into inside unit by return fan 15, and a part enters in air exhaust passage 20 by exhaust valve 14, and a part is by the The heating of two evaporators 5 (heat pump working condition is condenser), a part carry out the cooling of depth by 10 pairs of the first evaporator processing wind Then dehumidifying heats up according to setting value by reheater condenser 8 and air heater 19, return air after treatment and logical After crossing the fresh air mixing of the introducing of new air-valve 13, meets the mixing air that air-supply requires and interior is sent by pressure fan 16.? In air exhaust passage, a part of fresh air enters wind treatment channel 20 by new air-valve 13, and a part is introduced with by exhaust valve 14 Opposite fresh air for higher temperatures high humidity return air mixing after, mixed aerial temperature and humidity operating condition is all compared with fresh air operating condition temperature and humidity Slightly higher, the air of slightly higher temperature and humidity passes through air draft condenser 3 (heat pump working condition is evaporator), and air draft condenser 3 is inhaled from air It receives heat and is transferred to interior, the heat in air draft has been subjected to energy regenerating in whole process, while improving unit evaporation temperature Degree, improves unit efficiency.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, other parts not specifically described belong to the prior art or common knowledge.In the premise for not departing from the principle of the invention Under, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these modifications and embellishments should also be considered as the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier, which is characterized in that include at least several air precoolers, air heats Device, desiccant cooling association system, refrigeration heating association system, wind treatment channel and air exhaust passage;
The desiccant cooling association system includes the first compressor, and the outlet end of first compressor is connected by solenoid valve respectively It is connected to reheater condenser and water condenser, the reheater condenser and water condenser are connected with the first expansion valve, and described One expansion valve is connected with the first evaporator, and first evaporator is connected to the arrival end of the first compressor, the water condensation Device is equipped with the water inlet pipe and outlet pipe connecting respectively with swimming pool;
The refrigeration heating association system includes the second compressor, and the inlet end and an outlet end of second compressor is connected with four Logical reversal valve, the four-way reversing valve are connected with air draft condenser and the second evaporator, the air draft condenser and the second evaporation The second expansion valve is connected between device;
Wind treatment channel one end is equipped with return air inlet, and the other end is equipped with air outlet, and is internally provided with blower, and the air is pre- Cooler, air heater, the first evaporator, the second evaporator and reheater condenser are arranged in wind treatment channel, the sky The front side of the first evaporator and the second evaporator is arranged in gas forecooler, and the reheater condenser and air heater are set gradually On rear side of the first evaporator and the second evaporator;
Described air exhaust passage one end is equipped with fresh wind port, and the other end is equipped with exhaust outlet, and is internally provided with exhaust blower, and the air draft is cold Condenser is arranged in air exhaust passage.
2. multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the air heater includes Thermal medium air heater and electric heater.
3. multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the wind treatment channel and row Wind channel is integral type frame structure, and the air exhaust passage is arranged in the upside of wind treatment channel, and itself and wind treatment channel it Between be equipped with insulating.
4. multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the air exhaust passage and Feng Chu It manages and is equipped with exhaust valve and new air-valve between channel, the aperture of the exhaust valve and new air-valve is adjustable.
5. multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the return air inlet and exhaust outlet Ipsilateral setting, the air outlet and fresh wind port are separately positioned on the opposite side of return air inlet and exhaust outlet;The exhaust valve is in wind processing Be arranged between return fan and air precooler in channel, and its be arranged in air exhaust passage air draft condenser and new air-valve it Between, the new air-valve is arranged between reheater condenser and pressure fan in wind treatment channel, and it is arranged in air exhaust passage In fresh wind port side.
6. multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the insulating includes Polyurethane foam board.
7. a kind of working method of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that
When starting summer operation mode, the exhaust valve and new air-valve keep the minimum aperture for meeting fresh air volume, control fresh air Load, meets fresh air volume requirement, and the desiccant cooling association system operation refrigerated dehumidification and water heating cycle, the refrigeration add Heat integration system runs cooling condition, is passed through coolant media in the air precooler;
When starting winter operating mode, the exhaust valve and new air-valve are according to the water capacity and temperature of air-supply adjustment aperture, both Meet air-supply temperature and humidity to require while guaranteeing that indoor enough fresh airs are sent into, the desiccant cooling association system operation heating Except wet cooling condition, the refrigeration heating association system runs heat pump heating condition, and the air heater puts into operation;
When starting spring and autumn excessive seasonal work mode, when the hot indoor air-supply of humidity load satisfaction of outdoor fresh air requires, the air draft Valve and fresh air valve opening are maximum, and the desiccant cooling association system and refrigeration heating association system are out of service;Air in the Room of pond Humidity load becomes smaller, hot refrigeration duty hour, and the desiccant cooling association system and refrigeration heating association system are according to the air in the pond Room Temperature, air humidity and pond water temperature switchover operation operating condition or isolated operation are out of service, the air precooler and sky Hot-air heater puts into operation as needed.
8. the working method of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the dehumidifying When association system operation refrigerated dehumidification and the water heating cycle of freezing, first compressor start, first evaporator pair Air carries out cool-down dehumidification, and the reheater condenser heats air according to setting value, and is lower than the supply air temperature after adjusting The air themperature in the pond Room, the water condenser heat water;The desiccant cooling association system runs heating and dehumidification operating condition When, first compressor start, the water condenser does not work, and the first evaporator carries out cool-down dehumidification to air, described Reheater condenser heats air according to setting value, and makes the supply air temperature after adjusting higher than the air themperature in the pond Room.
9. the working method of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the refrigeration When heating association system operation cooling condition, second compressor start, second evaporator carries out cooling to air and removes Wet, the pond Room is discharged in the heat of air draft condenser by the air-conditioning draught fan;The refrigeration heating association system operation heat pump heats work When condition, second compressor start, the four-way reversing valve obtains cutting and changes refrigerant flow direction, so that second evaporator pair Air heating, the air-conditioning draught fan obtain heat outside the Room of pond.
10. the working method of multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the row When air-valve and new air-valve are opened, part return air is entered in air exhaust passage by exhaust valve, so that air draft condenser recycles back Cooling capacity or heat in wind, so as to improve the condensation temperature or evaporating temperature of the air draft condenser, part fresh air passes through fresh air Valve is mixed with return air, to improve air-supply quality.
CN201811501830.7A 2018-12-10 2018-12-10 Multistage cold source swimming pool heat pump dehumidifier and working method thereof Active CN109595703B (en)

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CN113983570A (en) * 2021-11-09 2022-01-28 上海交通大学 Water taking and dehumidifying integrated heat pump system and method based on dehumidifying heat exchanger
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CN113983570A (en) * 2021-11-09 2022-01-28 上海交通大学 Water taking and dehumidifying integrated heat pump system and method based on dehumidifying heat exchanger
CN114061095A (en) * 2021-11-24 2022-02-18 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Fresh air equipment control method and device, fresh air equipment and storage medium
CN114061095B (en) * 2021-11-24 2023-09-26 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Fresh air equipment control method and device, fresh air equipment and storage medium

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