CN1072162A - Fireproof decoration plate - Google Patents

Fireproof decoration plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1072162A
CN1072162A CN 91110603 CN91110603A CN1072162A CN 1072162 A CN1072162 A CN 1072162A CN 91110603 CN91110603 CN 91110603 CN 91110603 A CN91110603 A CN 91110603A CN 1072162 A CN1072162 A CN 1072162A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
perlite
decorative sheet
additive
magnesium oxide
magnesium chloride
Prior art date
Application number
CN 91110603
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴孙盛
陈平
马鸿
Original Assignee
玉林市东明实用技术研究所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 玉林市东明实用技术研究所 filed Critical 玉林市东明实用技术研究所
Priority to CN 91110603 priority Critical patent/CN1072162A/en
Publication of CN1072162A publication Critical patent/CN1072162A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of fireproof decoration plate for building, with magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride is main raw material, with light weights such as perlite, plant drymeal, loose materials is filler, and the calcium superphosphate that adding was soaked through the vitriol oil is additive, the sheet material of being produced reaches the fire prevention primary standard, and MOR is higher than 5.5mPa, and sheet material can be made the following thin plate of 6mm, and good processing properties is arranged, be particularly suitable for doing indoor fire safety decorations such as top ceiling.

Description

The invention belongs to building and ornament materials, particularly fireproof decoration plate.
Be used for material or sheet material that Building Fire Protection is decorated in the prior art.Many is main raw material with pearlstone.And form by various bondings, sintering.This material flameproof effect is good, but intensity difference.MOR as sheet material only is 0.6Mp, generally all below 1Mpa.Therefore must do thicklyer, as about 5cm, usually also all more than 1cm.If reduce perlitic content, increase matrix material, particularly increase organic binding material.Though can improve intensity, generally reduce its fire resistance or other performances again, increase cost etc.Known to the applicant, similar techniques has CN86106776A, CN88102976A, patent applications such as 89105549.5.Immediate with technical solution of the present invention is that application number is 89100520.X " beauty-quality composite marble decorative boards ".In this application, disclosed magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride (solution) technology as matrix material.Can increase the intensity of material like this, but not relate to the problem on deformation of magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride condensing process in this application.Therefore, must adopt a large amount of aggregate, filler, thereby sheet material must be done thicklyer again, and proportion is also bigger, so the purpose of invention and effect can only replace the material of marble and its artificial marble one class, can not make the fire-retardant decorative material hung as top ceiling etc., big distance be arranged again with purpose of the present invention.
The objective of the invention is to overcome in the prior art, fire resistance is good, light specific gravity.Intensity difference then, the intensity height, then yielding problem provides a kind of fire resistance good, and intensity is good, and is indeformable, the fire-retardant decorative material that can do very thinly.
The material of fireproof decoration plate of the present invention is constructed as follows:
With magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride is main raw material.Add pearlstone (hereinafter to be referred as perlite) and plant drymeal, as light weights such as wooden chaff, bagasses, soft material is a filler.Sheet material proportion is descended, simultaneously the deformation that may occur in magnesium oxide and the magnesium chloride process of setting is made physical property and decomposed, add the deformation of phosphoric acid as additive, prevention magnesium chloride, magnesium oxide process of setting.Additive soaks generation with calcium superphosphate through the vitriol oil.The components by weight percent proportioning of above-mentioned each material is:
Magnesium oxide: 18-38
Magnesium chloride (containing 25% aqueous solution): 28-36
Perlite: 2-4
Plant drymeal: 1-2
Additive: 1-2
Material in the technique scheme constitutes and proportioning, can realize purpose of the present invention, but in order to make sheet material fair and clear more attractive in appearance, can increase a calcite in powder 3-7 components by weight percent.In order to make the plate surface exquisiteness, be convenient to form meticulous decorative pattern, sheet material can be divided into upper layer and basic unit handles respectively.The filler of upper layer does not contain plant drymeal.Only contain calcite in powder and perlite powder, and powder size is less than 40 orders, if require highlyer, then granularity can be littler.For make that sheet material can be firm painted as spray paint, spraying etc. and add the easy demoulding in man-hour and sheet material is difficult for moisture absorption moisture regain etc., can add a lime 2-4 components by weight percent.In addition, sheet material of the present invention is more suitable in the mineral wool top ceiling, therefore requires sheet material to be done thinlyyer as far as possible, in order to increase its MOR, can accompany glass fiber mesh in sheet material, generally is sandwiched between upper layer and the basic unit.
The fireproof decoration plate that above-mentioned materials of the present invention constitutes and proportioning is produced, through relevant department's check, its fire resistance reaches the fire prevention primary standard.MOR can be greater than 5.5Mpa, average out to 10Mpa, so the thickness of plate can be done very thinly as 3mm to 6mm.Be generally 4mm.Be the fireproof decoration plate of material of the present invention, compare that MOR improves an order of magnitude, so thickness can reduce by an order of magnitude with existing PLASTIC LAMINATED.Thereby save starting material and cost greatly.And sheet material processing characteristics of the present invention is good, can be shaped arbitrarily, painted, can saw, can follow closely etc.Can fully satisfy the needs of building operation.
Two embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment 1. mainly is as the dado fireproof decoration plate.MOR is less demanding.And the permission certain thickness, therefore the material mixture ratio that adopts is as follows:
Magnesium oxide: 28
Magnesium chloride (containing 25% aqueous solution): 30
Perlite: 3
Wood chaff: 1
Additive: 1-2
Upper layer does not contain wooden chaff, and the perlite powder granularity is less than 40 orders.
Embodiment 2. mainly is the top ceiling as lifting.Require thinner, in light weight below 6mm, as 4.5 kilograms/m 2About, MOR is higher than 6Mpa, and the surface is fine and smooth, is convenient to spray shades of colour.Therefore the material mixture ratio that adopts is as follows:
Magnesium oxide: 28
Magnesium chloride: (containing 25% aqueous solution): 30
Perlite: 3
Wood chaff: 1
Calcite in powder: 5
Lime: 3
Additive: 1-2
And branch upper layer and basic unit.Upper layer does not contain wooden chaff.All filler granularity requirements of upper layer are less than 40 orders.The top layer is about 1 with the groundwork thickness ratio: 3-1: 4, accompany glass fiber mesh between top layer and basic unit.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of fireproof decoration plate for building is a main raw material with magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride, it is characterized in that adopting perlite, plant drymeal, and using the calcium superphosphate that soaked through the vitriol oil is additive, and its components by weight percent proportioning is:
Magnesium oxide: 18-38
Magnesium chloride (containing 25% aqueous solution): 28-36
Perlite: 2-4
Plant drymeal: 1-2
Additive: 1-2
2, decorative sheet as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that increasing a calcite in powder 3-7 important component, and the filler on decorative sheet top layer does not contain plant drymeal, only contains granularity less than 40 purpose calcite in powder and perlite powders.
3, decorative sheet as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that adding a lime 2-4 components by weight percent.
4, as claim 2,3 decorative sheet, it is characterized in that accompanying glass fiber mesh between upper layer and basic unit.
5, decorative sheet as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that each material weight set of dispense ratio is:
Magnesium oxide: 28
Magnesium chloride (containing 25% aqueous solution): 30
Perlite: 3
Wood chaff: 1
Additive: 1-2
6, decorative sheet as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that each material weight set of dispense ratio is:
Magnesium oxide: 28
Magnesium chloride (containing 25% aqueous solution): 30
Perlite: 3
Wood chaff: 1
Calcite in powder: 5
Lime: 3
Additive: 1-2
Upper layer is 1: 3~1: 4 with the groundwork thickness ratio.
CN 91110603 1991-11-05 1991-11-05 Fireproof decoration plate CN1072162A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 91110603 CN1072162A (en) 1991-11-05 1991-11-05 Fireproof decoration plate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 91110603 CN1072162A (en) 1991-11-05 1991-11-05 Fireproof decoration plate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1072162A true CN1072162A (en) 1993-05-19

Family

ID=4910180

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 91110603 CN1072162A (en) 1991-11-05 1991-11-05 Fireproof decoration plate

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1072162A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1073058C (en) * 1998-11-20 2001-10-17 中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所 Inorganic and flame-retardant type composite slab and method for mfg. same
CN102359239A (en) * 2011-09-06 2012-02-22 孙振芳 Environment-friendly and flame-retardant decorative plate and production method thereof
CN104878894A (en) * 2012-11-09 2015-09-02 胡正豹 Environment-friendly type fireproof heat-insulation board easy to assemble
CN104926249A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-23 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Wood-like furniture material and preparation method thereof
CN104961427A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-07 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Radiation protection furniture material and preparation method thereof
CN104987021A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-21 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Radiation-proof panel and preparation method thereof
CN106747132A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 桂林永福龙港绿色环保建材有限公司 A kind of production method of light cellular partition board
CN106747156A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 桂林永福龙港绿色环保建材有限公司 A kind of novel high-performance glass magnesium fireproof board
CN110540403A (en) * 2018-05-28 2019-12-06 福建同方集成住宅建设有限公司 high-strength bamboo-wood carbon fiber high-magnesium gel structure board and preparation method thereof

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1073058C (en) * 1998-11-20 2001-10-17 中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所 Inorganic and flame-retardant type composite slab and method for mfg. same
CN102359239A (en) * 2011-09-06 2012-02-22 孙振芳 Environment-friendly and flame-retardant decorative plate and production method thereof
CN102359239B (en) * 2011-09-06 2013-05-08 孙振芳 Environment-friendly and flame-retardant decorative plate and production method thereof
CN104878894A (en) * 2012-11-09 2015-09-02 胡正豹 Environment-friendly type fireproof heat-insulation board easy to assemble
CN104895268A (en) * 2012-11-09 2015-09-09 胡正豹 Environment-friendly fireproof heat insulation plate
CN104926249A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-23 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Wood-like furniture material and preparation method thereof
CN104961427A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-07 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Radiation protection furniture material and preparation method thereof
CN104987021A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-21 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Radiation-proof panel and preparation method thereof
CN106747132A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 桂林永福龙港绿色环保建材有限公司 A kind of production method of light cellular partition board
CN106747156A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 桂林永福龙港绿色环保建材有限公司 A kind of novel high-performance glass magnesium fireproof board
CN110540403A (en) * 2018-05-28 2019-12-06 福建同方集成住宅建设有限公司 high-strength bamboo-wood carbon fiber high-magnesium gel structure board and preparation method thereof

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