CN107190783A - A kind of construction method of basement waterproofing structure and its outer wall of basement waterproof construction - Google Patents

A kind of construction method of basement waterproofing structure and its outer wall of basement waterproof construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107190783A
CN107190783A CN201710418490.0A CN201710418490A CN107190783A CN 107190783 A CN107190783 A CN 107190783A CN 201710418490 A CN201710418490 A CN 201710418490A CN 107190783 A CN107190783 A CN 107190783A
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China
Prior art keywords
wall
basement
waterproof
layer
waterproof layer
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CN201710418490.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张静涛
边可
杨建文
刘俊涛
百世健
曹岩
沈瑞
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China Construction Second Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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China Construction Second Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710418490.0A priority Critical patent/CN107190783A/en
Publication of CN107190783A publication Critical patent/CN107190783A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution
    • E02D31/02Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against ground humidity or ground water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution
    • E02D31/02Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against ground humidity or ground water
    • E02D31/04Watertight packings for use under hydraulic pressure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2300/00Materials
    • E02D2300/0004Synthetics
    • E02D2300/0025Adhesives, i.e. glues
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2450/00Gaskets
    • E02D2450/10Membranes
    • E02D2450/105Membranes impermeable
    • E02D2450/106Membranes impermeable for liquids

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Paleontology (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Building Environments (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of construction method of basement waterproofing structure and its outer wall of basement waterproof construction, the basement includes sole plate, basement wall and basement roof, the basement wall is provided with wall conduit, basement wall includes leading wall and outer wall of basement, the construction joint led between wall and outer wall of basement is connected by steel plate for sealing water, the periphery of outer wall of basement and basement roof is sequentially provided with cement gel layer and intersects film waterproof layer from inside to outside, intersecting for internal corner part between wall conduit and basement wall is provided with additional cross film waterproof layer two in film waterproof layer, the tail end for intersecting film waterproof layer and additional cross film waterproof layer two is fixed by ferrule with wall conduit, and smear sealing with polyurethane.The features such as present invention has safety, is applicable, has and promotes well and practical value, good economic benefit can be produced after extensive popularization and application.

Description

A kind of construction method of basement waterproofing structure and its outer wall of basement waterproof construction
Technical field
The present invention relates to waterproofing for basement field, more particularly to a kind of basement waterproofing structure and its outer wall of basement The construction method of waterproof construction.
Background technology
Fast development and the acceleration of urbanization process, increasing high-rise building and large-scale public affairs with China's economy Build together to build and rise sheer from level ground like the mushrooms after rain, high in China's hypogee seepage, as common fault, not only influence uses work( Can, also serious influence Building life cycle.
As waterproof material and its application technology development are swift and violent.Waterproof material experienced " oil of two felt three " of the first generation Traditional method, the polymer modified bituminous waterproof sheet material of the second generation and the construction way of synthetic polymeric waterproofing material are passed through After substantial amounts of engineering practice, its drawback is also progressively displayed, between structure it is bonding loosely, be bonded not lasting, Yi Shouhuan Border influences, higher etc. to basic level requirement.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the construction method of a kind of basement waterproofing structure and its outer wall of basement waterproof construction, Solve bonding between prior art waterproof material and structure insecure, bond not lasting, high to basic level requirement technical problem; And art methods construction complexity is solved, pollute the technical problem of environment.
To achieve the above object, the present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that:
A kind of basement waterproofing structure, the basement includes the sole plate on bed course, the ground on sole plate Lower room wall and the basement roof being located in the ground on the wall of room, the basement wall are provided with wall conduit, basement wall Body includes leading wall and located at the outer wall of basement led on wall on sole plate, described to lead between wall and outer wall of basement Construction joint is connected by steel plate for sealing water, it is characterised in that:Described lead is sequentially provided with vertical brick loose tool from inside to outside on the outside of wall And support pile, the space between vertical the brick loose tool and support pile is sequentially provided with back fill course one and support replacement band from bottom to top Layer, the lower section of back fill course one is provided with rubble french drain;
It is provided with to return on waterproof layer, the waterproof layer between the sole plate and bed course and leads wall, the wall bottom of leading is wide, top Narrow, the internal corner part of wide portion and narrow portion connecting portion is provided with screed-coat, the sole plate and the external corner part for leading wall junction Waterproof layer be externally provided with additional waterproofing layer one;
The periphery of the outer wall of basement and basement roof is sequentially provided with cement gel layer and intersects film waterproof layer from inside to outside, The outer wall of basement and the external corner part of basement roof junction are provided with outside additional cross film waterproof layer one, the underground room From-inner-to-outer is sequentially provided with polystyrene board protecting layer and back fill course two outside intersection film waterproof layer outside wall, and outside outer wall of basement Intersection film waterproof layer and lead the stitching portion of waterproof layer outside wall and be provided with additional waterproofing layer two, the additional waterproofing layer two is laid Leading on wall;
Intersecting for internal corner part between the wall conduit and basement wall is provided with additional cross film waterproof in film waterproof layer Layer two, the tail end for intersecting film waterproof layer and additional cross film waterproof layer two is fixed by ferrule with wall conduit, is used in combination Polyurethane smears sealing.
It is further preferred that the intersection film waterproof layer is spliced by polylith waterproof roll, the waterproof roll is one side The intersection film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil of self-adhesion.
It is further preferred that the additional cross film waterproof layer one and additional cross film waterproof layer two are double-sided self-adhesive Intersect film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil.
Further, the screed-coat is 1:2 cement mortar screedings layer.
Further, the cement gel layer is smeared by cement gel forms, and the cement gel is 1 by weight ratio:1∶ 0.8~1 cement, penetrant crystalline coating and water mix is formed, and the cement is P.O32.5 portland cements.
In addition, the back fill course one and back fill course two are by 3:7 grey earthen backfills are formed.
It is further preferred that the lap of splice of the intersection film waterproof layer and waterproof layer and additional waterproofing layer two is not less than 80mm。
The construction method of the outer wall of basement waterproof construction of a kind of basement waterproofing structure, it is characterised in that including following Step:
Step one, prepare before constructing:Get intersection film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil ready, and to plinth course cleaning, profit outside the room of underground It is wet;
Step 2, configures cement gel:Measured during cement gel mixing using scale or graduated cylinder, it is ensured that accurate measurement, proportioning is completed Puttylike to be stirred into electric mixer standby afterwards;
Step 3, positioned at the construction field (site), snap the line, examination paving:According to job site actual conditions, rising for waterproof roll is determined Paving point and paving direction, and the good coiled material control line of bullet in basic unit, it is straight during installation of membrane to ensure, rise after paving point location, first Coiled material examination paving is carried out, large area paving is carried out after butt joint processing, overlap joint way and the pending acceptance(check) of node way;.
Step 4, scratches cement gel:Tear off and intersect film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil bottom barrier paper, and scraped above Cement gel, cement gel thickness is 2~3mm;
Step 5, paving intersects film waterproof layer:Paving polylith waterproof roll is spliced to form the intersection film waterproof on outer wall of basement Layer;
Step 6, maintenance:After construction is finished, dry in the air and put 24 ~ 48 hours, covered with puggaree, it is to avoid solar exposure, treat acceptance(check) A kind of outer wall of basement waterproof construction construction of basement waterproofing structure of the invention is completed afterwards.
In addition, the step 4 comprises the following steps:
Step one, additional cross film waterproof layer one is laid:In the external corner portion of the outer wall of basement and basement roof intersection Additional cross film waterproof layer one is laid in position;
Step 2, laying water-proof coiled material:From first waterproof roll of paving at the additional cross film waterproof layer one at top, then under Firm waterproof roll is progressively pasted upwards, is scraped after the completion of paving with wooden float, rubber slab or roller from centre to both sides and is discharged sky Gas, sequentially splices waterproof roll to wall conduit position;
Step 3, processing wall conduit position:The waterproof volume of internal corner part between the wall conduit and basement wall Laying additional cross film waterproof layer two in material, and by the waterproof roll and the tail of additional cross film waterproof layer two that intersect film waterproof layer End is fixed by ferrule with wall conduit, is then smeared and sealed with polyurethane;
Step 4, sequentially splices waterproof roll:Sequentially splice wall conduit periphery basement wall, adjacent waterproof roll passes through water Mud gel overlaps, and is shut with cement gel by overlapping part is floating, and so splicing polylith waterproof volume is until lead wall Internal corner part, will be overlapped at last a piece of waterproof roll ending with additional waterproofing layer two.
It is further preferred that added with polymeric building construction glue water-loss reducer in cement gel in the step 2.
Compared with prior art the invention has the characteristics that and beneficial effect:
The present invention, which is used, intersects two kinds of materials of film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil and cement gel, and by using distinctive construction Method, effectively improves cohesive insecure between waterproof material and structure, not lasting, high to the basic level requirement present situation of bonding, This method easy construction, pollutes small, whole waterproof system rigid flexible system, forms effective waterproof barrier, refuses leak channeling water.
The construction method that the present invention is used, even if metope is moist, out-of-flatness basic unit can meet waterproof construction requirement, by people Power completely scrapes extruding, and bubble in coiled material is extruded into clean, passes through cement gel(Mix penetrant crystalline)It can form effective full viscous.Tool Have that adhesive strength is high, tensile strength is high, elongation percentage is big, good weatherability, temperature in use amplitude are big, long lifespan, easy construction, pollution It is small, without heating, eliminate disaster hidden-trouble, it is safe and reliable the characteristics of, the waterproof system easy construction, operating environment are good, construction connects Continuous property is strong, speed is fast, construction cost is low, changes completely and improves traditional waterproof homework environment and Waterproof Construction Technique, Good effect is achieved by the project implementation.
The present invention uses wet-laid process, without heating, it is therefore prevented that coiled material performance itself is damaged using blowtorch heating, applied Harmful substance will not be produced during work, the healthy of workmen will not be damaged.In the cement gel used in construction waterproof Middle incorporation cement based penetration crystallization type water proofing paint, while completing the construction of two kinds of waterproofs, easy construction is saved artificial, shortened Duration, improve progress.
The features such as present invention has safety, is applicable, has and promotes well and practical value, can be produced after extensive popularization and application Raw good economic benefit.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is sole plate of the present invention and the waterproof construction schematic diagram of basement wall periphery;
Fig. 2 is the mplifying structure schematic diagram in the A portions that Fig. 1 is related to;
Fig. 3 is basement wall of the present invention and the waterproof construction schematic diagram of basement roof periphery;
Fig. 4 is the waterproof construction schematic diagram of wall bushing periphery of the present invention.
Reference:1- sole plates;2- leads wall;3- outer wall of basement;4- basement roofs;5- steel plate for sealing water;6- is erected To brick loose tool;7- support piles;8- back fill courses one;9- support replacement belts;10- rubble french drains;11- screed-coats;12- additional waterproofing layers One;13- cement gels layer;14- intersects film waterproof layer;15- additional cross films waterproof layer one;16- polystyrene board protecting layers;17- is returned Fill stratum two;18- additional waterproofing layers two;19- wall conduits;20- additional cross films waterproof layer two;21- ferrules;The poly- ammonia of 22- Ester;23- bed courses.
Embodiment
To be easy to understand technological means, character of innovation, reached purpose and effect of the invention realized, below to this Invention is further illustrated.
The embodiment recorded herein is the specific embodiment of the present invention, the design for illustrating the present invention, It is explanatory and exemplary, should not be construed as the limitation to embodiment of the present invention and the scope of the invention.Except what is recorded herein Implement exception, those skilled in the art can also be based on the application claims and specification disclosure of that using aobvious The other technical schemes being clear to, these technical schemes include any obvious using making for the embodiment to recording herein The technical scheme of substitutions and modifications.
A kind of basement waterproofing structure, as shown in figure 1, basement is including the sole plate 1 on bed course 23, located at base Basement wall and the basement roof 4 being located in the ground on the wall of room on plinth bottom plate 1, basement wall are provided with wall conduit 19, basement wall includes leading wall 2 and located at the outer wall of basement 3 led on wall 2 on sole plate 1, leads wall 2 and underground Construction joint between room exterior wall 3 is connected by steel plate for sealing water 5, is led the outside of wall 2 and is sequentially provided with vertical brick loose tool 6 from inside to outside With support pile 7, the space between vertical the brick loose tool 6 and support pile 7 is sequentially provided with back fill course 1 and support replacement from bottom to top Belt 9, the lower section of back fill course 1 is provided with rubble french drain 10.
Wall 2 is led as shown in Fig. 2 being provided with to return on waterproof layer 24, waterproof layer 24 between sole plate 1 and bed course 23, wall 2 is led Bottom is wide, and top is narrow, and the internal corner part of wide portion and narrow portion connecting portion is provided with screed-coat 11, and screed-coat 11 is 1:2 cement mortar Screed-coat filleting, R=50mm.The waterproof layer 24 of sole plate 1 and the external corner part for leading the junction of wall 2 is externally provided with additional anti- Water layer 1.
As shown in figure 3, the periphery of outer wall of basement 3 and basement roof 4 is sequentially provided with cement gel layer 13 from inside to outside With intersection film waterproof layer 14, cement gel layer 13 is smeared by cement gel to be formed, and cement gel is 1 by weight ratio:1: 0.8~1 Cement, penetrant crystalline coating and water mix form, cement be P.O32.5 portland cements.Outer wall of basement 3 and underground ceiling The external corner part of the junction of plate 4 is provided with outside the intersection film waterproof layer 14 outside additional cross film waterproof layer 1, outer wall of basement 3 From-inner-to-outer is sequentially provided with the intersection film waterproof layer 14 outside polystyrene board protecting layer 16 and back fill course 2 17, and outer wall of basement 3 With lead the waterproof layer 24 outside wall 2 stitching portion be provided with additional waterproofing layer 2 18, additional waterproofing layer 2 18, which is laid in, leads on wall 2, Intersect film waterproof layer 14 to be spliced by polylith waterproof roll, the waterproof roll is the intersection film reaction type self-adhesion of single side self Waterproof roll, additional cross film waterproof layer 1 and additional cross film waterproof layer 2 20 are the intersection film reaction type of double-sided self-adhesive Adhesive waterproof coil, the intersection film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil of double-sided self-adhesive is intersecting film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil two Face scribbles cement gel, and back fill course 1 and back fill course 2 17 are by 3:7 grey earthen backfills are formed, and intersect film waterproof layer 14 It is not less than 80mm with the lap of splice of waterproof layer 24 and additional waterproofing layer 2 18.
As shown in figure 4, the intersecting for internal corner part between wall conduit 19 and basement wall is provided with film waterproof layer 14 Additional cross film waterproof layer 2 20, intersect the tail end of film waterproof layer 14 and additional cross film waterproof layer 2 20 by ferrule 21 with Wall conduit 19 is fixed, and smears sealing with polyurethane 22.
The construction method of the outer wall of basement waterproof construction of a kind of basement waterproofing structure, it is characterised in that including following Step:
Step one, prepare before constructing:Docking screw rod eye closure is finished, and the stupefied bar of concrete is polished flat with angle grinder at form joint Whole, the instrument such as metope broom, spades is incited somebody to action, and gets intersection film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil ready, and clear to the basic unit of outer wall of basement 3 Reason, wetting, metope are cleaned out the dust of the substrate surface of outer wall of basement 3, debris with instruments such as broom, spades, are dried Basal plane need to sprinkle water wetting in advance, but must not remain ponding, and connection detail processing should be strengthened position of joints by code requirement Processing, such as negative and positive angle, wall pipe root, movement joint do enhancement layer processing.
Step 2, configures cement gel:Measured during cement gel mixing using scale or graduated cylinder, it is ensured that accurate measurement, proportioning After the completion of be stirred into that puttylike is standby with electric mixer, mixing time need to have more than 5 minutes, and temperature is too high(≥30 ℃), appropriate addition polymeric building construction glue is to protect the incorporation degree of cement gel when basal plane is excessively dried, and facade cement is solidifying to starch increase Viscosity, it is to avoid trickling.Using electric mixer it should be noted that Electrical Safety, wears plastic cement insulating glove and plastic shoes.
Step 3, positioned at the construction field (site), snap the line, examination paving:According to job site actual conditions, waterproof roll is determined Play paving point and paving direction, and the good coiled material control line of bullet in basic unit is straight during installation of membrane to ensure, plays paving point location Afterwards, coiled material examination paving is first carried out, large area paving is carried out after butt joint processing, overlap joint way and the pending acceptance(check) of node way Patch.
Step 4, scratches cement gel:Tear off and intersect film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil bottom barrier paper, and scraped above Cement gel, cement gel thickness is 2~3mm, excessively thin not reach optimal bond effect, blocked up easy accumulation.When tearing stripping, shell The barrier paper opened preferably keeps 45~60 degree of acute angle with adhesive surface, prevents from breaking barrier paper, nature relaxed state is maintained at as far as possible, But there should not be fold.
Step 5, paving intersects film waterproof layer 14:Paving polylith waterproof roll is spliced to form the intersection on outer wall of basement 3 Film waterproof layer 14.
Specifically, comprise the following steps:
Step 1, additional cross film waterproof layer 1 is laid:In outer wall of basement 3 and the external corner part of the intersection of basement roof 4 Lay the wide additional cross film waterproof layers 1 of 500mm, the vertical long 150mm in position of room wall located underground, room located underground Waterproof roll 150mm on the long 350mm of transverse direction of top plate, basement roof 4 is wide, and the waterproof roll on outer wall of basement 3 is wide 200mm。
Step 2, laying water-proof coiled material:From first waterproof roll of paving at the additional cross film waterproof layer 1 at top, so Progressively paste firm waterproof roll from bottom to top afterwards, scraped simultaneously from centre to both sides with wooden float, rubber slab or roller after the completion of paving Air is discharged, sequentially splices waterproof roll to the position of wall conduit 19.
Step 3, processing wall conduit 19 position:Internal corner part between the wall conduit 19 and basement wall Laying additional cross film waterproof layer 2 20 in waterproof roll, and the waterproof roll for intersecting film waterproof layer 14 is prevented with additional cross film The tail end of water layer 2 20 is fixed by ferrule 21 with wall conduit 19, then smears sealing with polyurethane 22.
Step 4, waterproof roll is sequentially spliced:Sequentially splice the periphery basement wall of wall conduit 19, adjacent waterproof roll Logical cement gel overlaps, and is shut with cement gel by overlapping part is floating, the ㎜ of lap width error ± 10.By above and below Lap-joint's barrier paper of waterproof roll is removed, and cement gel is scratched up and down and is overlapped, is directly sealed with cement gel, length Edge lap width is 80mm, and deviation is ± 10mm.Finally shut with cement gel is floating.Waterproof roll lap-joint cement gel Thickness control should not accumulate in 2mm or so, cement gel.The short side joint of adjacent two rows coiled material should mutually stagger 1/3 breadth with On, in order to avoid multilayer joint is overlapping, and cause waterproof roll is pasted not to be convinced.To prevent waterproof roll glides in elevation construction from making Into stacking, appropriate fixation can be aided with corner part.In construction, waterproof roll overlapping part is contaminated, and can be used Clean wet cloth is cleaned.During waterproof roll paving construction, coiled material inspection, cleaning should be carried out in time and is repaired, paving coiled material Should be smooth, straight, overlap joint size is correct, must not there is distortion, fold;The lap width on two width waterproof roll short sides and long side is 80mm, deviation is ± 10mm.During with the tool roll pressure gas such as wooden float, the uniform of dynamics is noted, in order to avoid scrape damage coiled material surface.Such as This splicing polylith waterproof volume until lead internal corner part of wall 2, will at last a piece of waterproof roll ending with additional waterproofing layer 2 18 Overlap joint.
Step 6, maintenance:After construction is finished, dry in the air and put 24 hours to 48 hours(The specific time depending on environment temperature, typically In the case of, the higher required time of temperature is shorter), the waterproof roll constructed and finished must not be disturbed during this period, in hot weather Under, solar exposure waterproof layer should be avoided, can be covered with puggaree or other articles.After a kind of basement of the invention after acceptance(check) The outer wall of basement waterproof construction construction of waterproof construction is completed.
Intersect film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil using the thick cross-laminated density polyethylene film with high of 1.5mm, intensity is high, resistance to tear Split, puncture-resistant;Coiled material longitudinal pulling force 298N/50mm, horizontal 260N/50mm, break rate elongation and reach 1033%, vertically and horizontally tear Intensity 75N, coiled material and coiled material peel strength 2.4N/mm, hold sticky 35/min, can resist base course crack, deformation and structure not Uniform settlement deforms the influence to waterproof layer.Flexible good under cryogenic conditions, -25 DEG C of 100 cracking circulations are without influence.In the whole nation Most areas meet all-weather construction.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of basement waterproofing structure, the basement includes being located at bed course(23)On sole plate(1), located at basic bottom Plate(1)On basement wall and the basement roof that is located in the ground on the wall of room(4), the basement wall is provided with through walls Conduit(19), basement wall is including being located at sole plate(1)On lead wall(2)With located at leading wall(2)On outer wall of basement (3), it is described to lead wall(2)And outer wall of basement(3)Between construction joint pass through steel plate for sealing water(5)It is connected, it is characterised in that: It is described to lead wall(2)Outside is sequentially provided with vertical brick loose tool from inside to outside(6)And support pile(7), the vertical brick loose tool(6)And branch Fender pile(7)Between space be sequentially provided with back fill course one from bottom to top(8)With support replacement belt(9), the back fill course one(8) Lower section is provided with rubble french drain(10);The sole plate(1)With bed course(23)Between be provided with waterproof layer(24), the waterproof layer (24)On return to and lead wall(2), it is described to lead wall(2)Bottom is wide, and top is narrow, and the internal corner part of wide portion and narrow portion connecting portion, which is provided with, to be looked for Flat bed(11), the sole plate(1)With leading wall(2)The waterproof layer of the external corner part of junction(24)It is externally provided with additional waterproofing layer One(12);
The outer wall of basement(3)With basement roof(4)Periphery be sequentially provided with from inside to outside cement gel layer(13)And friendship Pitch film waterproof layer(14), the outer wall of basement(3)With basement roof(4)The external corner part of junction is provided with additional cross film Waterproof layer one(15), the outer wall of basement(3)Outer intersection film waterproof layer(14)Outside from-inner-to-outer is sequentially provided with styrofoam Protective layer(16)With back fill course two(17), and outer wall of basement(3)Outer intersection film waterproof layer(14)With leading wall(2)Outside Waterproof layer(24)Stitching portion be provided with additional waterproofing layer two(18), the additional waterproofing layer two(18)It is laid in and leads wall(2)On;Institute State wall conduit(19)Internal corner part between basement wall intersects film waterproof layer(14)It is interior to prevent provided with additional cross film Water layer two(20), the intersection film waterproof layer(14)With additional cross film waterproof layer two(20)Tail end pass through ferrule(21)With Wall conduit(19)It is fixed, and use polyurethane(22)Smear sealing.
2. a kind of basement waterproofing structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The intersection film waterproof layer(14)By many Block waterproof roll is spliced, and the waterproof roll is the intersection film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil of single side self.
3. a kind of basement waterproofing structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The additional cross film waterproof layer one (15)With additional cross film waterproof layer two(20)It is the intersection film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil of double-sided self-adhesive.
4. a kind of basement waterproofing structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The screed-coat(11)For 1:2 cement Mortar levelling layer.
5. a kind of basement waterproofing structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cement gel layer(13)By cement Gel is smeared and formed, and the cement gel is 1 by weight ratio:1: 0.8~1 cement, penetrant crystalline coating and water mix is formed, The cement is P.O32.5 portland cements.
6. a kind of basement waterproofing structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The back fill course one(8)And backfill Soil layer two(17)By 3:7 grey earthen backfills are formed.
7. a kind of basement waterproofing structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The intersection film waterproof layer(14)With it is anti- Water layer(24)With additional waterproofing layer two(18)The lap of splice be not less than 80mm.
8. a kind of construction of the outer wall of basement waterproof construction of basement waterproofing structure as described in claim 1 ~ 7 any one Method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step one, prepare before constructing:Get intersection film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil ready, and to outer wall of basement(3)Base cleaning, Wetting;
Step 2, configures cement gel:Measured during cement gel mixing using scale or graduated cylinder, it is ensured that accurate measurement, proportioning is completed Puttylike to be stirred into electric mixer standby afterwards;
Step 3, positioned at the construction field (site), snap the line, examination paving:According to job site actual conditions, rising for waterproof roll is determined Paving point and paving direction, and the good coiled material control line of bullet in basic unit, it is straight during installation of membrane to ensure, rise after paving point location, first Coiled material examination paving is carried out, large area paving is carried out after butt joint processing, overlap joint way and the pending acceptance(check) of node way;
Step 4, scratches cement gel:Tear off and intersect film reaction type adhesive waterproof coil bottom barrier paper, and scratch above water Mud gel, cement gel thickness is 2~3mm;
Step 5, paving intersects film waterproof layer(14):Paving polylith waterproof roll is spliced to form outer wall of basement(3)On intersection Film waterproof layer(14);
Step 6, maintenance:After construction is finished, dry in the air and put 24 ~ 48 hours, covered with puggaree, it is to avoid solar exposure, treat acceptance(check) A kind of outer wall of basement waterproof construction construction of basement waterproofing structure of the invention is completed afterwards.
9. a kind of construction method of the outer wall of basement waterproof construction of basement waterproofing structure as claimed in claim 8, its feature It is:The step 4 comprises the following steps:
Step one, additional cross film waterproof layer one is laid(15):In the outer wall of basement(3)With basement roof(4)Have a common boundary The external corner part at place lays additional cross film waterproof layer one(15);
Step 2, laying water-proof coiled material:Additional cross film waterproof layer one from top(15)Locate first waterproof roll of paving, then Firm waterproof roll is progressively pasted from bottom to top, is scraped side by side from centre to both sides with wooden float, rubber slab or roller after the completion of paving Go out air, sequentially splice waterproof roll to wall conduit(19)Position;
Step 3, handles wall conduit(19)Position:In the wall conduit(19)Internal corner part between basement wall Waterproof roll in laying additional cross film waterproof layer two(20), and film waterproof layer will be intersected(14)Waterproof roll with it is additional hand over Pitch film waterproof layer two(20)Tail end pass through ferrule(21)With wall conduit(19)It is fixed, then use polyurethane(22)Smear envelope Mouthful;
Step 4, sequentially splices waterproof roll:Sequentially splice wall conduit(19)Periphery basement wall, adjacent waterproof roll leads to Cross cement gel to overlap, and shut with cement gel by overlapping part is floating, so splicing polylith waterproof volume is until lead Wall(2)Internal corner part, will at last a piece of waterproof roll ending with additional waterproofing layer two(18)Overlap joint.
10. a kind of construction method of the outer wall of basement waterproof construction of basement waterproofing structure as claimed in claim 9, it is special Levy and be:Added with polymeric building construction glue water-loss reducer in cement gel in the step 2.
CN201710418490.0A 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of construction method of basement waterproofing structure and its outer wall of basement waterproof construction Pending CN107190783A (en)

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CN111173284A (en) * 2020-02-25 2020-05-19 华川建设集团有限公司 Seepage-proofing construction method for cast-in-situ outer wall of basement
CN113338453A (en) * 2021-04-29 2021-09-03 吴帅帅 High-temperature-resistant composite waterproof coiled material
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