CN107176178B - Adjustable guide mechanism of railway vehicle - Google Patents

Adjustable guide mechanism of railway vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107176178B
CN107176178B CN201710367499.3A CN201710367499A CN107176178B CN 107176178 B CN107176178 B CN 107176178B CN 201710367499 A CN201710367499 A CN 201710367499A CN 107176178 B CN107176178 B CN 107176178B
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China
Prior art keywords
rail
assembly
guide
lifting platform
linear
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Application number
CN201710367499.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107176178A (en
Inventor
刘洪涛
张鹏
刘诗慧
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CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles Co Ltd
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CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710367499.3A priority Critical patent/CN107176178B/en
Publication of CN107176178A publication Critical patent/CN107176178A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01MTESTING STATIC OR DYNAMIC BALANCE OF MACHINES OR STRUCTURES; TESTING OF STRUCTURES OR APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01M17/00Testing of vehicles
    • G01M17/08Railway vehicles

Abstract

The invention relates to an adjustable guide mechanism of a rail vehicle, which consists of a cast iron platform, a linear guide rail, a linear gear rail, two guide pulley assemblies, two lifting platform assemblies and two driving device assemblies; the cast iron platform is embedded on the ground, and the linear guide rail assembly and the linear gear rail are installed on the cast iron platform; the guide pulley assembly is arranged on the linear guide rail assembly; the lifting platform assembly is arranged on the guide pulley assembly and can slide up and down relative to the guide pulley assembly; one end of the driving device assembly is fixed on the guide pulley assembly, the other end of the driving device assembly is meshed with the linear gear rail, and the driving device assembly moves along the linear gear rail to synchronously drive the guide pulley assembly and the lifting platform assembly to move. The guide mechanism is simple in structure, safe, reliable, high in universality and suitable for vehicles or bogies with various track gauges.

Description

Adjustable guide mechanism of railway vehicle
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of vehicle parts, and particularly relates to a vehicle guide mechanism, in particular to a transition guide mechanism for guiding a tested vehicle or a bogie to safely, quickly and accurately enter a test area.
Background
With the advent of the high-speed rail era, vehicle design technology is continuously innovated, so that continuous verification of the performance and reliability of vehicle design becomes an important work. In the current test for vehicle verification, a transition device is mainly used for guiding a vehicle or a bogie into a test area, namely, a first wheel pair of the bogie is pushed onto the transition device, each wheel is clamped forwards and backwards, and then the first wheel pair is conveyed onto a test bed through the transition device; and then, pushing the transition device back to the original position, pushing the second wheel pair of the bogie onto the transition device, clamping each wheel front and back, and conveying the second wheel to the test bed through the transition device until the whole bogie enters a test area. The following disadvantages exist with this transition device: (1) the vehicle can not directly enter a designated test area through the device, the operation steps are troublesome, the operation efficiency is low, and potential safety hazards exist at the joint of the receiving and conveying wheel pair and in the conveying process; (2) the variable track pitch adjustment cannot be directly carried out on vehicles with different track pitches, and the adjustment is carried out by disassembling a tool; (3) the height of the rail surface can not be adjusted according to the uneven height of the rail surface.
Based on the above technical problems, there is a need to develop a guiding mechanism which has a simple structure, is safe and reliable, has strong universality, and can be applied to various gauge vehicles or bogies.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an adjustable guide mechanism for a railway vehicle or a bogie, which has the advantages of simple structure, safety, reliability, convenient operation and strong universality.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical solution of the present invention is as follows: the adjustable guide mechanism of the rail vehicle or the bogie consists of a cast iron platform, a linear guide rail, a linear gear rail, two guide pulley assemblies, two lifting platform assemblies and two driving device assemblies; the cast iron platform is embedded on the ground, and the linear guide rail assembly and the linear gear rail are installed on the cast iron platform; the guide pulley assemblies are symmetrically arranged on the linear guide rail assembly; the lifting platform assembly is arranged on the guide pulley assembly and can slide up and down relative to the guide pulley assembly; one end of the driving device assembly is fixed on the guide pulley assembly, the other end of the driving device assembly is meshed with the linear gear rail, and the driving device assembly moves along the linear gear rail to synchronously drive the guide pulley assembly and the lifting platform assembly to move.
The linear guide rail assembly comprises two parallel rail bars and four first guide rail grooves; wherein the rail is fixed on the cast iron platform; the first guide rail grooves are formed in the rail bars, every two first guide rail grooves are matched with one rail bar and can slide back and forth along the rail bars, and bolt holes are formed in perpendicular surfaces of two sides of the plane of each first guide rail groove.
Preferably, the guide pulley assembly consists of a supporting seat, a hydraulic jack and a second guide rail groove; the second guide rail grooves are arranged on two sides of the supporting seat; the hydraulic jacks are symmetrically arranged on the bottom surface of the supporting seat; the supporting seat is formed by welding a U-shaped groove and two supporting legs symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the U-shaped groove; the supporting legs are fixed on the first guide rail grooves; second guide rail grooves are installed on two sides of the U-shaped groove, a hydraulic jack is installed on the bottom surface of the U-shaped groove, a first sleeve is further arranged in the middle of the U-shaped groove, and the lifting platform assembly is installed on the supporting seat through the first sleeve.
As a further preferred option of the invention, the lifting platform assembly is composed of a lifting platform, a side guide rail, a steel rail and a steel rail fixing block; the side guide rails are arranged on two sides of the lifting platform, and the steel rails are fixed on the lifting platform through steel rail fixing blocks; the lifting platform consists of a table top, two parallel rib plates vertical to the bottom of the table top and a second sleeve vertically arranged in the middle of the bottom of the table top; wherein the steel rail is fixed on the table-board through a steel rail fixing block; the side guide rails are arranged on two sides of the rib plate and matched with the second guide rail grooves; the second sleeve is matched with the first sleeve on the supporting seat.
As a further preferable mode of the present invention, the driving device assembly is composed of a motor, a reducer, an encoder and a gear; wherein, the motor is connected with the supporting seat; the speed reducer is matched with the motor; encoder and gear installation are in the both sides of reduction gear, the gear meshes with linear gear rail, and it is rotatory through drive gear, makes its along linear gear rail motion, drives direction coaster assembly and lift platform assembly removal in step.
The invention has the advantages and beneficial effects that:
(1) the adjustable rail vehicle guide mechanism is used when a vehicle or a bogie enters a test station or a designated area, and is used for guiding the vehicle or the bogie to accurately and efficiently enter the designated area of the test, so that a great auxiliary effect is provided for the vehicle or bogie test, the time of a tested piece entering the station can be effectively reduced, the test time is saved, and the working efficiency is improved.
(2) The guide mechanism disclosed by the invention is reasonable in design and simple in structure, the distance between the two rails is adjusted by utilizing the driving of the motor, the guide mechanism is convenient, quick and accurate, the guide mechanism is suitable for transition guide of rail vehicles or bogies with different track gauges, the application range is wide, the universality is strong, and the manufacturing difficulty and the cost are lower.
(3) The guide mechanism utilizes the jack to adjust the height of the rail surface, can ensure that a vehicle or a bogie cannot deform when passing, and ensures the strength safety of the whole structure.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an overall isometric view of an embodiment of the guide mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an isometric view of the drive assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an isometric view of a guide rail channel of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an isometric view of a guide sled assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an isometric view of the support base of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an isometric view of the lift table assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an isometric view of the lift platform of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an isometric view of a set of a guide block assembly, a lift platform assembly and a drive assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is an exploded view of the drive assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an isometric view of the drive assembly of the present invention in relation to the support base;
FIG. 11 is an isometric view of the drive assembly of the present invention in relation to a linear gear rail.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the guide mechanism of the present invention comprises a cast iron platform a, a linear guide rail assembly B, a linear gear rail C, two guide pulley assemblies D, two lifting platform assemblies E, and two driving device assemblies F; the cast iron platform A is pre-buried on the ground, and the linear guide rail assembly B and the linear gear rail C are installed on the cast iron platform A; the guide pulley assemblies D are symmetrically arranged on the linear guide rail assembly B; the lifting platform assembly E is arranged on the guide pulley assembly D and can slide up and down relative to the guide pulley assembly D; one end of the driving device assembly F is fixed on the guide pulley assembly D, the other end of the driving device assembly F is meshed with the linear gear rail C, and the driving device assembly F moves along the linear gear rail C to synchronously drive the guide pulley assembly D and the lifting platform assembly E to move.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the linear guide track assembly B is composed of two parallel rails 1 and four first guide track grooves 2; the rail bar 1 is fixed on the cast iron platform A through bolts; the first guide rail grooves 2 are arranged on the rail bar 1, every two first guide rail grooves 2 are matched with one rail bar 1 and can slide back and forth along the rail bar 1, bolt holes 21 are formed in vertical surfaces of two sides of the plane of each first guide rail groove 2, and bolts are inserted into the bolt holes 21 so that the guide pulley assembly D is fixed on the first guide rail grooves 2.
As shown in fig. 4, the guide pulley assembly D is composed of a support base 3, two hydraulic jacks 4 and eight second guide rail grooves 5; the second guide rail grooves 5 are arranged on two sides of the supporting seat 3, and four guide rail grooves are arranged on each side; the hydraulic jacks 4 are symmetrically arranged on the bottom surface of the supporting seat 3.
As shown in fig. 5, the support seat 3 is formed by welding a U-shaped groove 31 and two support legs 32 symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the U-shaped groove 31; through holes 321 are formed in both ends of the bottom of the support leg 32, and the support base 3 is fixed on the first guide rail groove 2 through bolts; threaded holes are formed in the bottom surface and two sides of the U-shaped groove 31, the second guide rail grooves 5 are fixed to two sides of the U-shaped groove 31 through bolts, and the hydraulic jack 4 is fixed to the bottom surface of the U-shaped groove 31; the middle position of the U-shaped groove 31 is further provided with a first sleeve 311, and the lifting platform assembly E is installed on the supporting seat 3 through the first sleeve 311.
As shown in fig. 6, the lifting platform assembly E is composed of a lifting platform 6, a side guide rail 7, a steel rail 8 and a steel rail fixing block 9; the side guide rails 7 are arranged on two sides of the lifting platform 6, and the steel rails 8 are fixed on the lifting platform 6 through steel rail fixing blocks 9.
As shown in fig. 6, 7 and 8, the lifting platform 6 is composed of a table top 61, two parallel rib plates 62 perpendicular to the bottom of the table top 61 and a second sleeve 63 vertically arranged in the middle of the bottom of the table top 61; two rows of bolt holes 611 are formed in the table board 61, the steel rail fixing block 9 is connected with the table board 61 through bolts, and the steel rail 8 is fixed on the table board 61 through the steel rail fixing block 9; the second sleeve 63 is matched with the first sleeve 311 on the support seat 3, the side guide rails 7 are installed on two sides of the rib plate 62 and matched with the second guide rail grooves 5, and the whole lifting platform 6 can move along the direction of the second guide rail grooves 5 through the hydraulic jack 4, so that the height of the lifting platform 6 is adjusted.
As shown in fig. 9, 10 and 11, the driving device assembly F is composed of a motor 10, a reducer 11, an encoder 12 and a gear 13; wherein, the motor 10 is connected with the supporting seat 3 through a bolt; the speed reducer 11 is matched with the motor 10; the encoder 12 and the gear 13 are installed on two sides of the speed reducer 11, the gear 13 is meshed with the linear gear rail C, and the gear 13 is driven to rotate so as to move along the linear gear rail C, so that the guide pulley assembly D and the lifting platform assembly E are synchronously driven to move.
The guide mechanism of the invention has the following use and operation processes: firstly, determining the gauge of a tested vehicle or a bogie; each driving device F is used for driving the guide pulley assembly D and the lifting platform assembly E which are connected with each other to adjust the corresponding track gauge so as to align the track gauges with the external track; then, the height of the rail surface of the guide mechanism is consistent with that of the butt joint rail surface by adjusting the height of the hydraulic jack 4; finally, the vehicle or bogie is guided directly into the test area by the guide.
According to the invention, by utilizing two independent driving devices, each driving device F respectively drives the guide pulley assembly D and the lifting platform assembly E which are respectively connected to the driving devices F to move to two sides, so that the test platform is prevented from moving in an interference manner.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a rail vehicle guiding mechanism with adjustable which characterized in that: the guide mechanism consists of a cast iron platform, a linear guide rail, a linear gear rail, two guide pulley assemblies, two lifting platform assemblies and two driving device assemblies; the cast iron platform is embedded on the ground, and the linear guide rail assembly and the linear gear rail are installed on the cast iron platform; the guide pulley assemblies are symmetrically arranged on the linear guide rail assembly; the lifting platform assembly is arranged on the guide pulley assembly and can slide up and down relative to the guide pulley assembly; one end of the driving device assembly is fixed on the guide pulley assembly, the other end of the driving device assembly is meshed with the linear gear rail, and the driving device assembly moves along the linear gear rail to synchronously drive the guide pulley assembly and the lifting platform assembly to move; the guide pulley assembly consists of a supporting seat, a hydraulic jack and a second guide rail groove; the hydraulic jacks are symmetrically arranged on the bottom surface of the supporting seat; the second guide rail grooves are arranged on two sides of the supporting seat.
2. The adjustable rail vehicle guide mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the lifting platform assembly consists of a lifting platform, a side guide rail, a steel rail and a steel rail fixing block; the side guide rails are arranged on two sides of the lifting platform, and the steel rails are fixed on the lifting platform through steel rail fixing blocks.
3. The adjustable rail vehicle guide mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the driving device assembly consists of a motor, a speed reducer, an encoder and a gear; wherein, the motor is connected with the supporting seat; the speed reducer is matched with the motor; encoder and gear installation are in the both sides of reduction gear, the gear meshes with linear gear rail, and it is rotatory through drive gear, makes its along linear gear rail motion, drives direction coaster assembly and lift platform assembly removal in step.
4. The adjustable rail vehicle guide mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the supporting seat is formed by welding a U-shaped groove and two supporting legs symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the U-shaped groove; the lifting platform assembly is arranged on the supporting seat through the first sleeve.
5. The adjustable rail vehicle guide mechanism of claim 2, wherein: the lifting platform consists of a table top, two parallel rib plates vertical to the bottom of the table top and a second sleeve vertically arranged in the middle of the bottom of the table top; wherein the steel rail is fixed on the table-board through a steel rail fixing block; the side guide rails are arranged on two sides of the rib plate.
CN201710367499.3A 2017-05-23 2017-05-23 Adjustable guide mechanism of railway vehicle Active CN107176178B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710367499.3A CN107176178B (en) 2017-05-23 2017-05-23 Adjustable guide mechanism of railway vehicle

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CN107176178A CN107176178A (en) 2017-09-19
CN107176178B true CN107176178B (en) 2020-03-10

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113281071A (en) * 2021-06-21 2021-08-20 中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 Vehicle body mounting and debugging structure of railway vehicle

Citations (8)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102004021488A1 (en) * 2003-06-04 2005-01-05 Windhoff Bahn- Und Anlagentechnik Gmbh Railway test bed for testing the bogies and wheel-sets of trains has sequential track sections, one of which is mounted on a test table and can be rotated in at least two directions relative to the other section
CN101710029A (en) * 2009-11-05 2010-05-19 吉林大学 Ferry sliding table for rail vehicle steering frame parameter detection equipment
CN102042901A (en) * 2010-11-08 2011-05-04 吉林大学 Test bench for suspension self-vibration property of steering frame of railway vehicle based on sine frequency sweeping method
CN102866024A (en) * 2012-09-18 2013-01-09 吉林大学 Ferrying device for steering frame parameter measurement test bed
CN105252242A (en) * 2015-09-06 2016-01-20 吕亮霞 Movement and pose adjusting platform for large member
CN106312971A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-01-11 中车戚墅堰机车有限公司 Lifting shifting type wheel set motor system maintenance platform
CN106552870A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-04-05 江苏智石科技有限公司 A kind of multi-faceted lifting formula mould replacing trolley and its die exchange
CN207328465U (en) * 2017-05-23 2018-05-08 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 A kind of adjustable rail vehicle guiding mechanism

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101187082B1 (en) * 2010-11-10 2012-09-28 한국철도기술연구원 Test equipment for a flexible composite bogie frame with large deflection

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102004021488A1 (en) * 2003-06-04 2005-01-05 Windhoff Bahn- Und Anlagentechnik Gmbh Railway test bed for testing the bogies and wheel-sets of trains has sequential track sections, one of which is mounted on a test table and can be rotated in at least two directions relative to the other section
CN101710029A (en) * 2009-11-05 2010-05-19 吉林大学 Ferry sliding table for rail vehicle steering frame parameter detection equipment
CN102042901A (en) * 2010-11-08 2011-05-04 吉林大学 Test bench for suspension self-vibration property of steering frame of railway vehicle based on sine frequency sweeping method
CN102866024A (en) * 2012-09-18 2013-01-09 吉林大学 Ferrying device for steering frame parameter measurement test bed
CN105252242A (en) * 2015-09-06 2016-01-20 吕亮霞 Movement and pose adjusting platform for large member
CN106312971A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-01-11 中车戚墅堰机车有限公司 Lifting shifting type wheel set motor system maintenance platform
CN106552870A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-04-05 江苏智石科技有限公司 A kind of multi-faceted lifting formula mould replacing trolley and its die exchange
CN207328465U (en) * 2017-05-23 2018-05-08 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 A kind of adjustable rail vehicle guiding mechanism

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