CN107157676B - It is a kind of for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device - Google Patents

It is a kind of for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107157676B
CN107157676B CN201710418987.2A CN201710418987A CN107157676B CN 107157676 B CN107157676 B CN 107157676B CN 201710418987 A CN201710418987 A CN 201710418987A CN 107157676 B CN107157676 B CN 107157676B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
toilet seat
sliding block
shaft
running fix
rotating shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201710418987.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107157676A (en
Inventor
尹曦
陶卫军
徐俊翊
丁林祥
黄晶晶
张成就
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Nanjing University of Science and Technology
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Nanjing University of Science and Technology
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Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing University of Science and Technology filed Critical Nanjing University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201710418987.2A priority Critical patent/CN107157676B/en
Publication of CN107157676A publication Critical patent/CN107157676A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107157676B publication Critical patent/CN107157676B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/02Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons with toilet conveniences, or specially adapted for use with toilets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device, including fixed frame, driving mechanism, vertical movement mechanism, horicontal motion mechanism, toilet seat;Fixed frame is fixed on nursing bed bottom;Intermittent gear and transmission gear constitute gear pair, and transmission gear is mounted in first rotating shaft;First rotating shaft is hinged by link mechanism and sliding block connector;Sliding block connector and sliding block are affixed, and upper end of slide block is connected with the first deck;Toilet seat both ends are all provided with there are two support rod, and support rod is stuck in the first deck upper end;Gear pair rotation drives first rotating shaft rotation, drives link mechanism to pull sliding block connector mobile, pulls the toilet seat horizontal rectilinear motion of upper end of slide block;It intermittent gear and is mounted in the second shaft, the second shaft is connected by elevating mechanism with the support rod at toilet seat both ends;Second shaft is crankshaft structure, and the second shaft drives the up and down motion of elevating mechanism realization toilet seat;Inconvenient problem that the present invention is conducive to patient confined to bed or handicapped old man goes to toilet.

Description

It is a kind of for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device
Technical field
It is especially a kind of to be filled for electric care bed toilet seat running fix the invention belongs to the field of medical instrument technology It sets.
Background technique
China human mortality structure is increasingly aging, and total population nursed is about 100,000,000 people, especially to old man The nursing of old man confined to bed or handicapped is accurately nursed for length meticulously at one of focal issue of social concerns Phase sickbed patients are extremely important.
With social progress, the nursing bed toilet seat that bed technique has been achieved with tremendous development, but matches therewith is nursed Function could be improved.Nursing bed used at present opens just hole in bed body mostly, and bedpan is placed in just below hole, need using when Piecemeal mattress is taken out, adjustment patient location is directed at just hole.There are some problems in this way: 1, patient privacy can not be protected, allows patient It lives with having dignity;2, using traditional bedpan, dirt can be splashed on mattress and bedpan;3, stink distributes after an action of the bowels, influences interior Air;4, bedpan is cleared up after an action of the bowels and dirt brings nursing staff's puzzlement.
In the prior art, bowl device for toilet for nursing beds is varied, to nursing bed bowl device for toilet function and technology It is improved, but still is come with some shortcomings.Such as number of patent application is disclosed in the utility model patent of CN204158642U A kind of nursing bed bowl device for toilet, the program connects the movement of just mouth supporting plate and bedpan by link mechanism, although to a certain degree On realize automation, but the degree of automation is not high, and could not solve the problems, such as that stink distributes and dirt splashes out.
For another example number of patent application is a kind of nursing bed bowl device for toilet disclosed in the patent of invention of CNIO5943286A, the program Intelligent pan closet system flushing and functions/drying to patient may be implemented, it is more humanized, but its complicated in mechanical structure, cost compared with Height, and occupied space is big, is unfavorable for that other movements of nursing bed are unfolded.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem solved by the invention be to provide it is a kind of for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device, It solves the problems, such as that nursing bed toilet seat the degree of automation is low, patients' privacy can not be protected.
The technical solution for realizing the aim of the invention is as follows:
It is a kind of for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device, which is characterized in that including fixed frame, driving machine Structure, vertical movement mechanism, horicontal motion mechanism, toilet seat;The driving mechanism includes intermittent gear, transmission gear;The water Flat movement mechanism includes first rotating shaft, link mechanism, sliding block connector, sliding block, guide rail, the first deck;The vertical movement machine Structure includes the second shaft, elevating mechanism;
The fixed frame is fixed on nursing bed bottom, supports entire bowl device for toilet;The intermittent gear of the driving mechanism with Transmission gear constitutes gear pair, and transmission gear is mounted in the first rotating shaft of horicontal motion mechanism;First rotating shaft passes through connecting rod knot Structure and sliding block connector are hinged;Sliding block connector and sliding block are affixed, and upper end of slide block is connected with the first deck;Toilet seat both ends are all provided with There are two support rod, support rod is stuck in the first deck upper end;Sliding block is constituted with the guide rail being fixed on external nursing bed is fixed on Horizontal rectilinear motion pair;Gear pair rotation drives first rotating shaft rotation, drives link mechanism to pull sliding block connector mobile, into one Step pulls the toilet seat horizontal rectilinear motion of upper end of slide block;
The intermittent gear is mounted in the second shaft, and the second shaft passes through the support rod of elevating mechanism and toilet seat both ends It is connected;Second shaft is crankshaft structure, and the second shaft drives the up and down motion of elevating mechanism realization toilet seat.
Compared with prior art, the present invention its remarkable advantage:
(1) nursing bed bowl device for toilet closure of the invention is good, and it is contour that bedpan can rise to mattress, and body fit, no Easy splashing liquid, while being conducive to protect patient privacy.
(2) bedpan of the invention is flexibly connected with chamber pot, can be not easy to distribute with auto-flushing bedpan, stink, guarantees to use Comfort.
(3) mechanical structure of the invention optimization is compact, takes up space small, does not influence the movement such as turn, back lifting of nursing bed, at This is lower.
(4) movement of the invention is by Electronic control, and only needs a motor driven, convenient and reliable operation.
Present invention is further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is three dimensional structure diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is vertical direction motion structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 3 is horizontal motion structural schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 4 is original state structural schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of toilet seat state of the invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to illustrate technical solution of the present invention and technical purpose, with reference to the accompanying drawing and specific embodiment is the present invention It is further to introduce.
In conjunction with Fig. 1-Fig. 3, it is of the invention it is a kind of for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device include fixed frame 1, driving mechanism, vertical movement mechanism, horicontal motion mechanism, toilet seat, piecemeal mattress 26;
The fixed frame 1 is fixed on nursing bed bottom, is used to support entire bowl device for toilet;
The driving mechanism includes motor cabinet 4, motor 5, intermittent gear 6, transmission gear 3;The motor 5 passes through motor cabinet 4 are fixedly mounted on fixed frame 1, and the drive shaft of motor 5 is connected with the second shaft 11 of vertical movement mechanism;The intermittent gear 6 are mounted in the second shaft 11, and intermittent gear 6 and transmission gear 3 constitute gear pair, and the interval of intermittent gear 6 compares by piecemeal bed Move distance and vertical direction lifting height codetermine pad 26 in the horizontal direction;Transmission gear 3 is mounted on horicontal motion mechanism First rotating shaft 7 on;
The horicontal motion mechanism includes first rotating shaft 7, link mechanism, sliding block connector 22, sliding block 23, guide rail 2, first Deck 24;The both ends of the first rotating shaft 7 are fixed on fixed frame 1 by first rotating shaft seat 9;First rotating shaft 7 passes through connecting rod knot Structure and sliding block connector 22 are hinged;Sliding block connector 22 and 8 23 lateral surfaces of sliding block are affixed, guarantee that 23 spacing of sliding block is fixed;Institute It states sliding block 23 and guide rail 2 constitutes horizontal rectilinear motion pair;23 upper end of sliding block is connected with the first deck 24, is used to support toilet seat two The support rod at end;
Further, the link mechanism includes the first kinematic link 8, the second kinematic link 18;The both ends of first rotating shaft 7 It has been respectively and fixedly connected with the first kinematic link 8;The other end of first kinematic link 8 is connected by a hinge and 18 phase of the second kinematic link Even;The other end of second kinematic link 18 is connected by a hinge to be connected with sliding block connector 22;
The guide rail 2 is two sets, is fixed on external nursing bed;
The vertical movement mechanism includes the second shaft 11, elevating mechanism;Second shaft 11 passes through elevating mechanism and toilet seat The support rod at device both ends is connected;Second shaft 11 is crankshaft structure, and the second shaft 11 drives elevating mechanism to realize toilet seat Up and down motion.
Further, the elevating mechanism includes connecting rod 13, mounting plate 14, hinge connector 10, support frame 15, connecting plate 16, axle sleeve 17, guiding axis 19, the second deck 20;The both ends of the mounting plate 14 are fixed on fixed frame 1, and the axle sleeve 17 is Four, 17 bottom end of two of them axle sleeve is respectively and fixedly installed to the both ends of mounting plate 14, other two axle sleeve 17 passes through connecting plate 16 is affixed with above-mentioned two axle sleeve 17 respectively;Four axle sleeves 17 constitute quadrilateral structure;Second shaft 11 is crankshaft structure, By being hingedly connected with connecting rod 13 among second shaft 11,13 upper end of connecting rod with hinge connector 10 by being hingedly connected;Hinge 10 upper end of connector and X-shaped support frame 15 are affixed;Four guiding axis 19 are separately mounted in four axle sleeves 17;In four axle sleeves 17 Side is equipped with notch;The notch that four ends of support frame 15 pass through four axle sleeves 17 is affixed with four guiding axis 19 respectively;Four are led The second deck 20 has been respectively and fixedly connected with to the upper end of axis 19;
The toilet seat includes chamber pot 21, bedpan 25, chamber pot lid 27;25 shape of bedpan is cuboid, and centre is opened ellipse Round just hole, inside, which stores, clear water, and has circuit module for 25 inside dirt of auto-flushing bedpan;Chamber pot 21 is located at bedpan 25 Lower end, for accepting dirt;
The chamber pot 21 is flexibly connected with bedpan 25, can be separated manually, has movable pulling plate above chamber pot 21, for separating just Basin 25 and chamber pot 21, good airproof performance, stink are not easy to distribute, and guarantee the comfort used;21 both ends of chamber pot support there are two being all provided with Bar, support rod are stuck in 24 upper end of the first deck;
Further, the nursing bed automatic toilet seat apparatus further includes piecemeal mattress 26, and the piecemeal mattress 26 includes sea Continuous mattress and supported underneath bridge, sponge matress are slightly less than the just hole opened in bed body, and respectively there are 2 circles in the front and rear sides of bracing member Columnar stays bar is stuck in 20 upper end of the second deck;
In conjunction with Fig. 4, Fig. 5, a kind of course of work for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device of the invention Are as follows:
Vertical motion support is formed by hinge connector 10, the second deck 20 of guiding axis 19,4 of support frame 15,4 together Frame, under the limit of 4 axle sleeves 17, braced frame can only lower movement in the vertical direction;When toilet seat running fix device In initial position shown in Fig. 4, piecemeal mattress 26 is located among bed body at this time, with body fit.It is switched to the state of going to toilet, Motor rotation drives the rotation of the second shaft 11, and the second shaft 11 is crankshaft structure, and it is entire vertical to be driven by the transmission of connecting rod 13 Kinematic mount frame and piecemeal mattress 26 decline, and when 5 rotational angle of motor is greater than 90 degree, 26 both ends support rod of piecemeal mattress drops To being stuck on 4 the first decks 24, piecemeal mattress 26 stops falling;Motor 5 continues to rotate, drive vertical motion braced frame after Continuous decline;
When 5 rotational angle of motor is greater than 100 degree, intermittent gear 6 and transmission gear 3 are into meshing state, and 3 turns of transmission gear The dynamic movement that the second kinematic link 18 is driven by the first kinematic link 8, thus with movable slider connector 22 and 8 sliding blocks 23 Along 2 horizontal motion of guide rail;At this point, piecemeal mattress 26 and bedpan 25 are stuck in level on the first deck 24 by support rod Mobile, under the limitation of sliding block connector 22,23 spacing of sliding block is constant, and piecemeal mattress 26 and bedpan 25 are in the horizontal direction without opposite Movement;When immediately below the just hole that bedpan 25 moves to bed body, intermittent gear 6 is engaged with the stopping of transmission gear 3, horizontal direction fortune It is dynamic to stop;
Motor 5 remains in operation, drive vertical motion braced frame will move upwards, when motor rotational angle be greater than 270 degree, Second deck 20 will block the bar supported on both sides of bedpan 25, and bedpan 25 and chamber pot 21 is driven to move up vertically, until motor 5 rotates 360 degree of stoppings, to state shown in Fig. 5,25 upper surface of bedpan and body fit at this time;
Motor 5 rotates a whole circle in this whole process;Terminate when going to toilet, needs by bedpan pattern switching to cushion mould Formula only need to control motor 5, be allowed to rotate backward a whole circle, can be reset to original state.
Bedpan 25 and chamber pot 21 are an entirety, are terminated when going to toilet, and the circuit module built in bedpan 25 receives signal, The dirt in the clear water auto-flushing bedpan 25 having can be stored with interlayer, flushing terminates, and controls chamber pot by time delays signal Partition in 21 is opened, and the water of dirt and flushing flows into chamber pot 21, and partition is closed, and prevents stink from distributing;It can hold in chamber pot 21 4 times The dirt of flushing only need to clear up a chamber pot 21 daily in this way, while there are emissions mouth, easy cleaning in lower section.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device, which is characterized in that including fixed frame (1), driving machine Structure, vertical movement mechanism, horicontal motion mechanism, toilet seat;The driving mechanism includes intermittent gear (6), transmission gear (3); The horicontal motion mechanism includes first rotating shaft (7), link mechanism, sliding block connector (22), sliding block (23), guide rail (2), first Deck (24);The vertical movement mechanism includes the second shaft (11), elevating mechanism;
The fixed frame (1) is fixed on nursing bed bottom, supports entire bowl device for toilet;The intermittent gear (6) of the driving mechanism Gear pair is constituted with transmission gear (3), transmission gear (3) is mounted in the first rotating shaft (7) of horicontal motion mechanism;First rotating shaft (7) hinged by link mechanism and sliding block connector (22);Sliding block connector (22) and sliding block (23) are affixed, sliding block (23) upper end It is connected with the first deck (24);Toilet seat both ends are all provided with there are two support rod, and support rod is stuck in the first deck (24) upper end;Sliding block (23) horizontal rectilinear motion pair is constituted with the guide rail (2) being fixed on external nursing bed;Gear pair rotation drives first rotating shaft (7) Rotation drives link mechanism to pull sliding block connector (22) mobile, and the toilet seat for further pulling on sliding block (23) upper end is horizontal straight Line movement;
The intermittent gear (6) is mounted on the second shaft (11), and the second shaft (11) passes through elevating mechanism and toilet seat both ends Support rod be connected;Second shaft (11) is crankshaft structure, and the second shaft (11) drives elevating mechanism to realize toilet seat It moves up and down.
2. being used for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the connecting rod Structure includes the first kinematic link (8), the second kinematic link (18);The both ends of first rotating shaft (7) have been respectively and fixedly connected with the first transmission Connecting rod (8);The other end of first kinematic link (8) is connected by a hinge to be connected with the second kinematic link (18);Second transmission connects The other end of bar (18) is connected by a hinge to be connected with sliding block connector (22).
3. being used for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the lifting Mechanism includes connecting rod (13), mounting plate (14), hinge connector (10), support frame (15), connecting plate (16), axle sleeve (17), leads To axis (19), the second deck (20);The both ends of the mounting plate (14) are fixed on fixed frame (1), and the axle sleeve (17) is four A, two of them axle sleeve (17) bottom end is respectively and fixedly installed to the both ends of mounting plate (14), other two axle sleeve (17) passes through company Fishplate bar (16) is affixed with above-mentioned two axle sleeve (17) respectively;Four axle sleeves (17) constitute quadrilateral structure;In second shaft (11) Between by being hingedly connected with connecting rod (13), connecting rod (13) upper end, which passes through, to be hingedly connected with hinge connector (10);Hinge connector (10) upper end and X-shaped support frame (15) are affixed;Four guiding axis (19) are separately mounted in four axle sleeves (17);Four axle sleeves (17) inside is equipped with notch;Four ends of support frame (15) pass through four axle sleeves (17) notch respectively with four guiding axis (19) It is affixed;The upper end of four guiding axis (19) has been respectively and fixedly connected with the second deck (20).
4. being used for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the toilet seat Device includes chamber pot (21), bedpan (25), chamber pot lid (27);Ellipse just hole is opened among the bedpan (25), inside, which stores, clear water, Chamber pot (21) is located at the lower end of bedpan (25).
5. being used for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the chamber pot (21) it is flexibly connected, can be separated manually with bedpan (25), have movable pulling plate above chamber pot (21).
6. being used for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the nursing Bed automatic toilet seat apparatus further includes piecemeal mattress (26), and the piecemeal mattress (26) includes sponge matress and supported underneath bridge, Sponge matress is slightly less than the just hole opened in bed body, and respectively there are 2 cylindric support rods in the front and rear sides of bracing member, are stuck in the second card Seat (20) upper end.
7. being used for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the guide rail 2 be two sets.
CN201710418987.2A 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 It is a kind of for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device Expired - Fee Related CN107157676B (en)

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CN201710418987.2A CN107157676B (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 It is a kind of for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device

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CN201710418987.2A CN107157676B (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 It is a kind of for electric care bed toilet seat running fix device

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CN107157676A CN107157676A (en) 2017-09-15
CN107157676B true CN107157676B (en) 2019-06-21

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN209751482U (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-12-10 张万海 Automatic follow-up device for bedpan
CN111419107B (en) * 2020-03-27 2021-10-08 南京理工大学 A toilet bowl for electronic nursing bed

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001079045A (en) * 1999-09-14 2001-03-27 Junichi Yoshimori Nursing care bed with lift for bath and toilet
CN1585978A (en) * 2002-07-26 2005-02-23 松下电器产业株式会社 Disk device
CN2808105Y (en) * 2005-07-18 2006-08-23 王桂林 Bedpan lifting device
CN101498145A (en) * 2008-01-29 2009-08-05 李建飞 Elevating gear of water closet
CN105193565A (en) * 2015-10-09 2015-12-30 朱明谦 Multifunctional automatic nursing equipment
CN205683212U (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-11-16 潘丙林 Multi-purpose bed

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001079045A (en) * 1999-09-14 2001-03-27 Junichi Yoshimori Nursing care bed with lift for bath and toilet
CN1585978A (en) * 2002-07-26 2005-02-23 松下电器产业株式会社 Disk device
CN2808105Y (en) * 2005-07-18 2006-08-23 王桂林 Bedpan lifting device
CN101498145A (en) * 2008-01-29 2009-08-05 李建飞 Elevating gear of water closet
CN105193565A (en) * 2015-10-09 2015-12-30 朱明谦 Multifunctional automatic nursing equipment
CN205683212U (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-11-16 潘丙林 Multi-purpose bed

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Granted publication date: 20190621

Termination date: 20210606