CN107142599A - A kind of production method of graphene woollen fabric - Google Patents

A kind of production method of graphene woollen fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107142599A
CN107142599A CN201710247472.0A CN201710247472A CN107142599A CN 107142599 A CN107142599 A CN 107142599A CN 201710247472 A CN201710247472 A CN 201710247472A CN 107142599 A CN107142599 A CN 107142599A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
yarn
graphene
float
production
woollen fabric
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710247472.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丛洪莲
蒋高明
姚馨馨
董智佳
高哲
Original Assignee
江南大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江南大学 filed Critical 江南大学
Priority to CN201710247472.0A priority Critical patent/CN107142599A/en
Publication of CN107142599A publication Critical patent/CN107142599A/en

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/14Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/14Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials
    • D04B1/18Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials elastic threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2101/00Inorganic fibres
    • D10B2101/10Inorganic fibres based on non-oxides other than metals
    • D10B2101/12Carbon; Pitch
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2211/00Protein-based fibres, e.g. animal fibres
    • D10B2211/01Natural animal fibres, e.g. keratin fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2401/00Physical properties
    • D10B2401/16Physical properties antistatic; conductive
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2403/00Details of fabric structure established in the fabric forming process
    • D10B2403/02Cross-sectional features
    • D10B2403/023Fabric with at least two, predominantly unlinked, knitted or woven plies interlaced with each other at spaced locations or linked to a common internal co-extensive yarn system

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of production method of graphene woollen fabric, using two-sided circular knitting machine, by lopping, tuck, float structure change, connecting filament is made using low elastic polyester filament, outer layer uses wool yarn, internal layer is combined using graphene complex yarn with cotton yarn, weaves the graphene woollen fabric with three-decker.The present invention had both given full play to far infrared, the antistatic performance of graphene fiber using the use of the rational proportion of yarn, and because cotton yarn makes internal layer soft comfortable, while the wool yarn of outer layer makes fabric have noble sense.By three-decker and the reasonable distribution of yarn, suitable postfinishing process is added, makes woollen fabric that there is the characteristics of frivolous and warming, comfortable and soft, cost performance is higher.

Description

A kind of production method of graphene woollen fabric
Technical field:
The present invention relates to woollen fabric preparing technical field, more particularly to a kind of producer of graphene woollen fabric Method.
Background technology:
Smooth, well-pressed, and the elasticity rich in knitted fabric of the existing woven hair side material of woollen fabric, it is comfortable and easy to wear, increasingly Favored by people.With the improvement of living standards, people carry to the comfortableness of woollen fabric, aesthetic property and feature Higher requirement is gone out.
The thick and heavy type of current woollen fabric is in the majority, and due to electrostatic, easy sticker, in skin, not only influences attractive in appearance light-weight wool fabric And be hazardous to the human body.The feature woollen fabric kind of in the market is seldom, and mostly antistatic property fabric, its method Also mostly is that function is single and endurance quality is poor by adding such as antistatic auxiliary in finishing process.
The information for being disclosed in the background section is merely intended to understanding of the increase to the general background of the present invention, without answering When the prior art for being considered as recognizing or implying the information structure in any form well known to persons skilled in the art.
The content of the invention:
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of production method of graphene woollen fabric, so as to overcome above-mentioned existing skill Defect in art.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides a kind of production method of graphene woollen fabric, it is characterised in that: Using two-sided circular knitting machine, by lopping, tuck, float structure change, connecting filament is made using low elastic polyester filament, outer layer uses hair Yarn, internal layer is combined using graphene complex yarn with cotton yarn, weaves the graphene woollen fabric with three-decker.
Preferably, in technical scheme, connecting filament is vertically connected with using tuck stitch;The lopping on cyclinder needle of outer layer wool yarn is compiled Knit;Interior layer graphene complex yarn matches 2 with cotton yarn with way:The side that 1 mode is combined by lopping with float structure Method weaves.
Preferably, in technical scheme, outer layer wool yarn is 20S-50S all woolen yarn, and middle connecting filament is 20D-30D terylene Low stretch yarn;Internal layer yarn is 70D-150D graphene complex yarn, and cotton yarn is 20S-40S cotton yarn.
Preferably, in technical scheme, from the two-sided circular knitting machine that machine number is 18-32G.
Preferably, in technical scheme, the production method of graphene woollen fabric also includes follow-up finishing technique:Turn over cloth- Fulling-braying-is dehydrated-cutd open cloth-wet inspection-sizing-cropping-decatizing.
Preferably, in technical scheme, fulling uses faintly acid milling agent, and 30 minutes or so fulling time, temperature is at 42 DEG C Left and right;15 minutes or so braying time, 40 DEG C or so of temperature;Sizing sets speed to be 13m/min or so, steam pressure position 4kg/ Cm2 or so, cropping speed is 12m/min or so, and rear overfeeding speed and cold water roller speed are 12m/min or so;Cropping is front Cropping, the rotating speed of dise knife is traditionally arranged to be 1000rpm;100-110 DEG C or so of decatizing temperature, pressure 600-800kPa, time 8- 10 minutes.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the advantages that:
Graphene woollen fabric with three-decker, using the use of the rational proportion of yarn, both gives full play to stone The far infrared of black alkene fiber, antistatic performance, and because cotton yarn makes internal layer soft comfortable, while the wool yarn of outer layer makes fabric have height Your sense.By three-decker and the reasonable distribution of yarn, suitable postfinishing process is added, there is woollen fabric frivolous And it is warming, comfortable and soft, the characteristics of cost performance is higher.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is graphene woollen fabric structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is graphene woollen fabric endothecium structure figure of the present invention;
Reference is:1- outer layers, 2- connecting filaments, 3- internal layers, wherein ●-graphene complex yarn, ★-cotton yarn.
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the embodiment to the present invention is described in detail, it is to be understood that the guarantor of the present invention Shield scope is not limited by embodiment.
Explicitly indicated that unless otherwise other, otherwise in entire disclosure and claims, term " comprising " or its change Change such as "comprising" or " including " etc. and will be understood to comprise stated element or part, and do not exclude other members Part or other parts.
As shown in Figure 1-2, a kind of production method of graphene woollen fabric, it is characterised in that:Using two-sided circular knitting machine, lead to Lopping, tuck, the change of float structure are crossed, connecting filament 2 is made using low elastic polyester filament, outer layer 1 uses wool yarn, and internal layer 3 uses stone Black alkene complex yarn is combined with cotton yarn, weaves the graphene woollen fabric with three-decker.Connecting filament 2 uses tuck Tissue is vertically connected with;The lopping on cyclinder needle of the wool yarn of outer layer 1 weaves;The graphene complex yarn of internal layer 2 is matched somebody with somebody with cotton yarn with way Than 2:1 mode is woven by lopping with the method that float structure is combined.
Embodiment 1, a kind of production method of graphene woollen fabric, its step is:
(1) raw material are selected:Connecting filament is 30D low elastic polyester filaments;Outer layer uses 47S wool yarns;Internal layer uses 150D graphite Alkene/terylene complex yarn, 32S/1 cotton yarns;Connecting filament is 30D low elastic polyester filaments;Outer layer uses 47S wool yarns;Internal layer is used 150D graphenes/terylene complex yarn, 32S/1 cotton yarns;
(2) weaving process:From 18G34 " two-faced machines, top cylinder is arranged in sequence with the first knitting needle (i) from left to right With second knitting needle (ii), bottom cylinder is arranged in sequence with the 4th road knitting needle (iiii), the 3rd road knitting (iii), the from left to right Two road knitting needles (ii) and first of knitting needle (i), triangle arrangement method is:(1) road is tuck stitch, flotation line group from the bottom to top Knit, tuck stitch, float structure, tuck stitch, float structure;(2) road is float structure, float structure from the bottom to top, floated Line tissue, float structure, lopping tissue, lopping tissue;(3) road is float structure, lopping tissue, lopping group from the bottom to top Knit, float structure, float structure, float structure;(4) road is from the bottom to top float structure, float structure, float structure, floating Line tissue, lopping tissue, lopping tissue;(5) road is lopping tissue, float structure, float structure, lopping group from the bottom to top Knit, float structure, float structure;(6) road is from the bottom to top float structure, tuck stitch, tuck stitch, float structure, floating Line tissue, tuck stitch;(7) road is float structure, float structure, float structure, float structure, lopping group from the bottom to top Knit, lopping tissue;(8) road is from the bottom to top lopping tissue, float structure, lopping tissue, float structure, float structure, floating Line tissue;(9) road is float structure, float structure, float structure, float structure, lopping tissue, lopping group from the bottom to top Knit;(10) road is float structure, lopping tissue, float structure, lopping tissue, float structure, float structure from the bottom to top;The (11) road is float structure, tuck stitch, float structure, tuck stitch, tuck stitch, float structure from the bottom to top;(12) Road is float structure, float structure, float structure, float structure, lopping tissue, lopping tissue from the bottom to top;(13) are route Under it is supreme be lopping tissue, float structure, float structure, lopping tissue, float structure, float structure;Under (14) route extremely Upper is float structure, float structure, float structure, float structure, lopping tissue, lopping tissue;(15) road is from the bottom to top Float structure, lopping tissue, lopping tissue, float structure, float structure float structure;(16) road is tuck group from the bottom to top Knit, float structure, float structure, tuck stitch, float structure, tuck stitch;(17) road is from the bottom to top float structure, floated Line tissue, float structure, float structure, lopping tissue, lopping tissue;(18) road is float structure, lopping group from the bottom to top Knit, float structure, lopping tissue, float structure, float structure;(19) road is float structure, float structure from the bottom to top, floated Line tissue, float structure, lopping tissue, lopping tissue;(20) road is lopping tissue, float structure, lopping group from the bottom to top Knit, float structure, float structure, float structure;
(3) postfinishing process:Fulling uses faintly acid milling agent, and 30 minutes fulling time, temperature is at 42 DEG C;The braying time 15 minutes, 40 DEG C of temperature;Sizing sets speed to be 13m/min, steam pressure position 4kg/cm2 or so, and cropping speed is 12.2m/ Min or so, rear overfeeding speed and cold water roller speed are 12.4m/min or so;Cropping is positive cropping, and the rotating speed of dise knife is set to 1000rpm;110 DEG C or so of decatizing temperature, pressure 800kPa, 8 minutes time.
It is foregoing to the present invention specific illustrative embodiment description be in order to illustrate and illustration purpose.These descriptions It is not wishing to limit the invention to disclosed precise forms, and it will be apparent that according to above-mentioned teaching, can be much changed And change.The purpose of selecting and describing the exemplary embodiment is that explaining that the certain principles and its reality of the present invention should With so that those skilled in the art can realize and using the present invention a variety of exemplaries and A variety of selections and change.The scope of the present invention is intended to be limited by claims and its equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of production method of graphene woollen fabric, it is characterised in that:Using two-sided circular knitting machine, by lopping, tuck, float The change of line tissue, connecting filament is made using low elastic polyester filament, and outer layer uses wool yarn, and internal layer uses graphene complex yarn and cotton Yarn is combined, and weaves the graphene woollen fabric with three-decker.
2. the production method of graphene woollen fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The connecting filament is used Tuck stitch is vertically connected with;The lopping on cyclinder needle of outer layer wool yarn weaves;Interior layer graphene complex yarn is with cotton yarn with way Proportioning 2:1 mode is woven by lopping with the method that float structure is combined.
3. the production method of the graphene woollen fabric according to any one of claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Institute The all woolen yarn that outer layer wool yarn is 20S-50S is stated, middle connecting filament is 20D-30D low elastic polyester filament;Internal layer yarn is 70D- 150D graphene complex yarn, cotton yarn is 20S-40S cotton yarn.
4. the production method of the graphene woollen fabric according to any one of claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Choosing With the two-sided circular knitting machine that machine number is 18-32G.
5. the production method of the graphene woollen fabric according to any one of claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Stone The production method of black alkene woollen fabric also includes follow-up finishing technique:Turn over cloth-fulling-braying-and be dehydrated-cut open cloth-wet inspection-fixed Type-cropping-decatizing.
6. the production method of graphene woollen fabric according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Fulling uses faintly acid Milling agent, 30 minutes or so fulling time, temperature is at 42 DEG C or so;15 minutes or so braying time, 40 DEG C or so of temperature;Sizing It is 13m/min or so, steam pressure position 4kg/cm2 or so to set speed, and cropping speed is 12m/min or so, rear overfeeding speed It is 12m/min or so with cold water roller speed;Cropping is positive cropping, and the rotating speed of dise knife is traditionally arranged to be 1000rpm;Decatizing temperature 100-110 DEG C or so, pressure 600-800kPa, time 8-10 minute.
CN201710247472.0A 2017-04-14 2017-04-14 A kind of production method of graphene woollen fabric CN107142599A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107574545A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-12 杨家豪 The processing technology of two-sided knitting fabric and fabric
CN108708065A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-10-26 无锡中天丝路云联纺织股份有限公司 A kind of combination felt and its production method
CN108716054A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-30 利郎(中国)有限公司 A kind of novel natural feather directly fills fabric and its production technology
CN109183261A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-11 利郎(中国)有限公司 The warming air layer hair wool fabric of height and its technique
CN109797481A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-05-24 江南大学 A kind of production method of the weft-knitted fabric with conductive fiber
CN111005138A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-04-14 江苏金辰针纺织有限公司 Moisture-conducting ultraviolet-resistant heat-storage multifunctional graphene fabric and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107574545A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-12 杨家豪 The processing technology of two-sided knitting fabric and fabric
CN108716054A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-30 利郎(中国)有限公司 A kind of novel natural feather directly fills fabric and its production technology
CN108708065A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-10-26 无锡中天丝路云联纺织股份有限公司 A kind of combination felt and its production method
CN109183261A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-11 利郎(中国)有限公司 The warming air layer hair wool fabric of height and its technique
CN109797481A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-05-24 江南大学 A kind of production method of the weft-knitted fabric with conductive fiber
CN111005138A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-04-14 江苏金辰针纺织有限公司 Moisture-conducting ultraviolet-resistant heat-storage multifunctional graphene fabric and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20170908