CN107083853A - Modularization multi-storied garage and its installation method - Google Patents

Modularization multi-storied garage and its installation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107083853A
CN107083853A CN201710332996.XA CN201710332996A CN107083853A CN 107083853 A CN107083853 A CN 107083853A CN 201710332996 A CN201710332996 A CN 201710332996A CN 107083853 A CN107083853 A CN 107083853A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main beam
module
framework
inner ring
storied garage
Prior art date
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CN201710332996.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱志远
查金水
钱庆
朱迅
胡劲松
王晨晨
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Anhui Bowei United Control Technology Co.,Ltd.
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CETC 38 Research Institute
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Priority to CN201710332996.XA priority Critical patent/CN107083853A/en
Publication of CN107083853A publication Critical patent/CN107083853A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling-stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • E04H6/28Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions characterised by use of turntables or rotary rings for horizontal transport
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2406Connection nodes

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Conveying And Assembling Of Building Elements In Situ (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of modularization multi-storied garage, the multi-storied garage includes the steel construction of at least one multi-storied garage, if the steel construction of each tower-type space garage includes dried layer parking tier, the steel construction of multi-storied garage includes column, plane framework module, rail module and accessory structure module, node is arranged with the column, the column is connected by node using bolt with the plane framework module, and the plane framework module is connected with the rail module and the accessory structure module respectively using bolt.The invention also discloses a kind of installation method of modularization multi-storied garage.The present invention has advantages below:Modularization multi-storied garage, which can reach, dismounts the high purpose of convenient, landform strong adaptability, installation accuracy.

Description

Modularization multi-storied garage and its installation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to garage parking, more particularly to a kind of modularization multi-storied garage and its installation method.
Background technology
With increasing sharply for China's car ownership, parking difficulty, random, improvement difficulty of stopping have become puzzlement Chinese city The main bugbear of development, especially under the overall background of economic new normality, traditional parking Industry Model has been difficult to meet new ring Industry development demand under border.2010, state lived the portion of building, the Ministry of Public Security and the Committee of Development and Reform and combines what is issued《Urban parking facilities are advised Draw the instruction built and managed》Point out:In current China's urban economy social development process, city parking imbalance between supply and demand Become increasingly conspicuous, particularly under China's urban land resource highly in short supply and car owning amount rapid growth background, due to parking Facility total amount wretched insufficiency, unreasonable allocation, utilization ratio be low and parking management is not in place and result in serious parking difficulty, friendship The problems such as logical congestion, life of urban resident quality is had a strong impact on, urban sustainable development is constrained.
Mechanical stereo garage is one kind of parking apparatus, one of category special equipment product, convenient with vehicle access, is System economical operation, easy to maintenance, the features such as floor space is few is currently to tackle one kind that vehicle is more and the area that stops is less to solve Certainly scheme.
By the exploration of decades, parking systems product standard system is more perfect, and market existing product is deposited The problems such as installation accuracy is low, dismounting is inconvenient.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are the provision of a kind of convenient, the landform strong adaptability of dismounting, installation accuracy High modularization multi-storied garage and its installation method.
The present invention is to solve above-mentioned technical problem by the following technical programs:A kind of modularization multi-storied garage, the solid Garage includes the steel construction of at least one multi-storied garage, if the steel construction of each multi-storied garage includes dried layer parking tier, stereoscopic vehicle The steel construction in storehouse includes being arranged with node on column, plane framework module, rail module and accessory structure module, the column, The column is connected by node using bolt with the plane framework module, the plane framework module using bolt respectively with The rail module is connected with the accessory structure module.
As the technical scheme of optimization, the plane framework module is divided into inner ring main beam framework, outer ring main beam framework With support turntable frame, the rail module includes the first guide rail and the second guide rail, and the accessory structure module includes inner ring branch Support longeron and outer ring support stringer;
Around the periphery of support turntable frame, radial multiple first guide rails of setting, one end of first guide rail and institute Support turntable frame connection is stated, the other end of first guide rail is connected with the inner ring main beam framework, the support turntable Framework is in concentric circles with the inner ring main beam framework, and first guide rail is located at the support turntable frame and the inner ring Between inner ring support stringer described two-by-two between main beam framework;
Around the periphery of inner ring main beam framework, radial multiple second guide rails of setting, one end of second guide rail with The inner ring main beam framework connection, the other end of second guide rail is connected with the outer ring main beam framework, the outer ring Main beam framework and the inner ring main beam framework are in concentric circles, second guide rail be located at the outer ring main beam framework with Between outer ring described two-by-two support stringer between the inner ring main beam framework.
As the technical scheme of optimization, the inner ring main beam framework and the outer ring main beam framework include some sections Main beam, and the two ends of every section of main beam are separately mounted on the node of the two neighboring column.
As the technical scheme of optimization, the accessory structure module also includes vehicle support gate beam, the vehicle branch One end of support gate beam is connected with second guide rail, and the other end and the outer ring of the vehicle support gate beam are supported Longeron is connected.
As the technical scheme of optimization, every layer of the multi-storied garage steel construction lays steel plate, and the steel plate is layed in The upper surface of the plane framework module, the rail module and the accessory structure module, and the steel plate and the plane Frame module, the rail module are fixedly connected with the accessory structure module, and the rotatable disc is arranged on every layer of steel On plate.
Present invention also offers a kind of installation method of modularization multi-storied garage as described above, comprise the following steps:
Column is fixed with node;
Plane framework module and column are fixed;
Rail module is fixed with plane framework;
Accessory structure module is installed.
As the technical scheme of optimization, the step of plane framework module and column are fixed specifically also includes:
Inner ring main beam framework is fixed with the column positioned at inner ring;
Outer ring main beam framework is fixed with the column positioned at outer ring;
Lifting support turntable frame and fixation.
As the technical scheme of optimization, the step of rail module and plane framework are fixed specifically also includes:
First guide rail is fixed with support turntable frame, inner ring main beam framework respectively;
Second guide rail is fixed with inner ring main beam framework, outer ring main beam framework respectively.
As the technical scheme of optimization, the step of installing accessory structure module specifically also includes:
Inner ring support stringer is fixed with inner ring main beam framework;
Outer ring support stringer is fixed with outer ring main beam framework;
Vehicle gate beam is fixed with the second guide rail, outer ring support stringer respectively;
Repeat above procedure and carry out expansion installation, form complete plane framework module.
As the technical scheme of optimization, also include after the step of installing accessory structure module:
Lay steel plate.
The present invention has advantages below compared with prior art:
1st, it is convenient to dismount:The multi-storied garage is subjected to modularized design, it is prefabricated assembled based on modular fully assembled formula Multi-storied garage steel construction so that the multi-storied garage, which is different from, dismounts cumbersome garage structure, short construction period present on market.
2nd, landform strong adaptability:The multi-storied garage is resolved into disparate modules, is easy to, according to lineament, constitute various shapes The multi-storied garage of formula.
3rd, installation accuracy is high:Supporting module and column are connected by high-strength bolt each other to form stable steel knot Structure, in addition to bottom, the structure type of the other each layers of steel construction is completely the same, and the processing of supporting module and welding are complete in factory Into so as to ensure the high accuracy install of the multi-storied garage.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is midplane frame module schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure chart that column of the present invention is connected with plane framework module;
Fig. 3 is outer ring column node front view in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is central post of the embodiment of the present invention and bolted-on attachment composition.
Wherein, 1, column;2nd, plane framework module;21st, inner ring main beam framework;22nd, outer ring main beam framework;3rd, guide rail Module;31st, the first guide rail;32nd, the second guide rail;4th, accessory structure module;41st, inner ring support stringer;42nd, outer ring support stringer; 43rd, vehicle support gate beam;5th, bolt;6th, node;61st, inner ring column node;62nd, inner ring elevator node;63rd, outer ring column Node;64th, outer ring elevator node;7th, reinforcement;8th, reach reinforcement;9th, the first circular frame;10th, the second circular frame; 11st, roller mounting assembly;111st, support frame;112nd, the first roller mounting bracket;113rd, the second roller mounting bracket;114th, the 3rd roller Mounting bracket.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention are elaborated below, the present embodiment is carried out lower premised on technical solution of the present invention Implement, give detailed embodiment and specific operating process, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following implementations Example.
Simultaneously refering to shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the present embodiment modularization multi-storied garage, the multi-storied garage is vertical including at least one The steel construction in body garage, if the steel construction of each multi-storied garage includes dried layer parking tier.The steel construction 1 of multi-storied garage includes column 1st, node 6 is arranged with plane framework module 2, rail module 3 and accessory structure module 4, column 1, column 1 is by positioned at column Node 6 on 1 is connected using bolt 5 with plane framework module 2, the use of plane framework module 2 bolt 5 respectively with rail module 3 It is connected with accessory structure module 4.
Specifically, 2 points of plane framework module is inner ring main beam framework 21, outer ring main beam framework 22 and support turntable frame Frame, rail module 3 includes the first guide rail 31 and the second guide rail 32, and accessory structure module 4 includes inner ring support stringer 41 and outer ring Support stringer 42.Wherein, around the periphery of support turntable frame, radial multiple first guide rails 31 of setting, the first guide rail 31 One end is connected with support turntable frame, and the other end of the first guide rail 31 is connected with inner ring main beam framework 21, supports turntable frame It is in concentric circles with inner ring main beam framework 21, the first guide rail 31 is located between support turntable frame and inner ring main beam framework 21 The support stringer of inner ring two-by-two 41 between;Around the periphery of inner ring main beam framework 21, radial multiple second guide rails 32 of setting, One end of second guide rail 32 is connected with inner ring main beam framework 21, and the other end and the outer ring main beam framework 22 of the second guide rail 32 connect Connect, outer ring main beam framework 22 is in concentric circles with inner ring main beam framework 21, the second guide rail 32 is located at outer ring main beam framework Between the support stringer of outer ring two-by-two 42 between 22 and inner ring main beam framework 21.
In the present embodiment, support turntable frame is used to place 32 groups of turntable, outer ring main beam framework 22 and the second guide rail Into plane framework module 2 outer ring be used for park cars.
When inner ring main beam framework 21 and the connection of outer ring main beam framework 22, one end of outer ring support stringer 42 is interior with being located at Node 6 on the column 1 of circle main beam framework 21 is connected, and the other end of outer ring support stringer 42 is with being located at outer ring main beam framework Node 6 on 22 column 1 is connected.When inner ring main beam framework 21 is connected with support turntable frame, inner ring support stringer 41 One end is connected with the node 6 on the column 1 of inner ring main beam framework 21, and the other end and the support of inner ring support stringer 41 turn Table frame is connected.
Specifically, support turntable frame includes the first circular frame 9, the second circular frame 10 and roller mounting assembly 11, First circular frame 9 is located at the outside of the second circular frame 10, and the first circular frame 9 and the second circular frame 10 are in concentric circles Shape.And roller mounting assembly 11 includes support frame 111, the first roller mounting bracket 112, the second roller mounting bracket 113 and the 3rd rolling Mounting bracket 114 is taken turns, radial to set multiple support frames 111 around the second circular frame 10, the first circular frame 9 passes through support Frame 111 is connected with the second circular frame 10, and the 3rd roller mounting bracket 114, the first roller are provided between two neighboring support frame 111 One end of mounting bracket 112 and one end of the second roller mounting bracket 113 are connected with the first circular frame 9 respectively, and the first roller is installed The other end of the other end of frame 112 and the second roller mounting bracket 113 is connected with the 3rd roller mounting bracket 114 respectively.Support frame 111 One end intersect with inner ring support stringer 41 at the first circular frame 9, two neighboring support frame 111 prolongs horizontal direction to extension After stretching, provided with an inner ring support stringer 41 between every two neighboring support frame 111.
In order to improve the rigidity of track, accessory structure module 4 also includes vehicle support gate beam 43, vehicle support auxiliary One end of crossbeam 43 is connected with the second guide rail 32, and the other end of vehicle support gate beam 43 is connected with outer ring support stringer 42 Connect.Outer ring support stringer 42 is fixedly connected with guide rail by vehicle support gate beam 43, according to actual needs, can including Multiple vehicle support gate beams 43 are set between circle main beam framework 21 and outer ring main beam framework 22, so as to ensure that center can Rotate the smooth operating of disk 2.Inner ring main beam framework 21 and outer ring main beam framework 22 include some sections of main beams, every section of master The two ends of crossbeam are separately mounted on the node 6 of two adjacent upright 1.As preferred embodiment, between two neighboring column 1 Main beam between vehicle support gate beam 43 and two neighboring column 1 is parallel.
As shown in figure 3, the node 6 on column 1 includes inner ring child node and outer ring child node, outer ring child node is arranged welding On the column 1 for being fixed on outer ring main beam framework 22, inner ring child node, which is arranged, is fixedly welded on the vertical of inner ring main beam framework 21 On post 1.Inner ring child node includes inner ring column node 61 and inner ring elevator node 62, and outer ring child node includes outer ring column node 63 and outer ring elevator node 64, inner ring column node 61 is used to connect inner ring main beam framework 21 and inner ring support stringer 41, outside Circle column node 63 is used to connect outer ring main beam framework 22 and outer ring support stringer 42, and inner ring elevator node 62 is used to connect interior Enclose main beam framework 21, inner ring support stringer 41 and elevator, outer ring elevator node 64 is used to connecting outer ring main beam framework 22, outer Enclose support stringer 42 and elevator.
It is different according to the structure type of different parts node 6 on Multi-storied garage with steel structure, first, cut in one piece of whole plate Go out the space in the section of column 1, then the whole plate is inserted on column 1 and is welded and fixed;Afterwards, another piece of whole plate is using upper State same method to be welded on column 1, and the node 6 of all directions is completed by welding on this basis.At this In embodiment, the outer ring column section with multi-storied garage steel construction to connect outer ring main beam framework 22 and outer ring support stringer 42 Exemplified by point 63, column 1 needs the plane framework module 2 with three directions to be attached:First, one piece of whole plate is cut out into column The space in 1 section;Then, the whole plate is inserted on column 1 and is welded and fixed;Afterwards, by the not Tongfang stretched out on node 6 It is fixedly connected to the corresponding outer ring main beam framework 22 of plate correspondence and outer ring support stringer 42.It should be noted that section The height of point 6 should be highly consistent with cross bar at this, for the connecting node 6 of inner ring main beam framework 21 and column 1, due to Cantilever stretches out turntable structure at from this, therefore, to the extension of inner ring main beam framework 21 needs to carry out section at this to strengthen setting Meter, the structure type strengthened using variable cross-section.The rod member of adjacent block can be protected by template in the factory using this kind of method Demonstrate,prove the setting angle and flatness of node 6, this kind of structure type, by the unified making of the whole all directions rod member of node 6, it is to avoid Position deviation each other, simultaneously as integral solder is rigidly preferable, uniform force, the flatness and making precision of node 6 It can preferably be ensured, effectively increase the installation accuracy of multi-storied garage steel construction.In addition, using this kind of structure type, keeping away Each node 6 is exempted to be respectively welded, has reduced operation difficulty, saved the adjustment time after welding, effectively improved garage steel construction Speed of application, improves the installation effectiveness in garage.Column 1 is welded and fixed with node 6 and is connected, and column 1 is made according to transportation demand: When column 1 is shorter, column 1 and node 6 are prefabricated in the factory, then are transported to and live are assembled with other plane frameworks;And When column 1 is longer, first column 1 can be segmented and be prefabricated in the factory with node 6, be transported to behind scene and first splice column 1, then The entirety of column 1 is assembled with other plane frameworks.
The specific production process of node 6 is:(1) threedimensional model is set up using professional three-dimensional drawing software;(2) in numerical control machine The different in nature smallclothes of bed loading and unloading;(3) fracture is carried out to all steel according to required length;(4) hole on part and component is passed through Frock is positioned and drilling;(5) part is carried out cutting slag and sanding burr is handled;(6) it is small by frock column and the opposite sex Part is spliced and positioned;(7) human weld is carried out to assembled good component;(8) quality examination is carried out to weld seam to go forward side by side Row crash handling;(9) secondary size detection and processing are carried out;(10) to detecting that qualified product is carried out at impeller blasting and spray painting Reason.Using this kind of method, the setting angle and flatness of node 6 can be ensured by template in the factory, installation is effectively improved Precision and efficiency, reduce operation difficulty, save the adjustment time after welding, effectively improve the speed of application of garage steel construction.
In modularization multi-storied garage of the present invention, the steel that the steel construction 1 of tower-type space garage is used are H types Steel, is equipped with reinforcement 7 in H profile steel.Reinforcement 7 is located at the inner side of H profile steel, and one end and the top of H profile steel of reinforcement 7 Connection, the other end of reinforcement 7 and the bottom of H profile steel are connected.Specifically, the first roller mounting bracket 112, the second roller mounting bracket 113 and the 3rd the section of roller mounting bracket 114 be provided with horizontal reinforcement 7;In the inner side of the first circular frame 9 provided with reinforcement Muscle 7, and the distance between adjacent reinforcement 7 is smaller, so as to ensure that the quantity of reinforcement 7 is more so that support turntable frame More firm when operation, safety;In guide rail, the interior outside of the interior outside of the first guide rail 31 and the second guide rail 32 is equal Provided with reinforcement 7.Wherein, it is preferred that the reinforcement 7 that the outside of the first guide rail 31 and the second guide rail 32 is set is strengthened for reach Muscle 8, reach reinforcement 8 includes two side plates and a bottom plate, and two side plates are mutually perpendicular to bottom plate respectively, and reach is strengthened The side of muscle 8 is right-angled trapezium, according to actual needs, and the side of reach reinforcement 8 can also be trapezoidal using chamfer, and stretches Go out the top of the side plate of formula reinforcement 8 and the top of H profile steel to connect, the bottom plate of reach reinforcement 8 and the bottom of H profile steel are connected, Orbit rigidity is strengthened with most economical material so as to realize, while also increasing the support width of track.The He of first guide rail 31 The reinforcement 7 of the inner side of second guide rail 32 is corresponded with the reach reinforcement 8 on the outside of it, and equidistantly arrangement.According to reality Need, the first guide rail 31 and the inner side of the second guide rail 32, the reinforcement 7 in outside can be staggered.
In order to avoid a hair that lower layer garage risk is poured because protection is lost that stopped in conventional vertical lifting garage Raw, in the present embodiment, every layer of the steel construction 1 of tower-type space garage lays steel plate, and steel plate is layed in plane framework module 2nd, the upper surface of rail module 3 and accessory structure module 4, and steel plate and plane framework module 2, rail module 3 and accessory structure Module 4 is fixedly connected, and rotatable disc is arranged on every layer of steel plate.Although parking systems product standard system is more It is perfect, but the structure design of non-close independence is used multi-storied garage present on market more, user is being used the solid When garage, exist and pour the danger that lower floor and upper strata debris etc. drop to lower floor parking stall because losing protection.Except Every layer of multi-storied garage lays steel plate, can also be by the peripheral longitudinally disposed coaming plate of multi-storied garage, according to actual needs, coaming plate Can be using steel plate, aluminium sheet, glass plate or plastic plate etc..In addition, slid to prevent vehicle from going out outside garage, can be vertical The outside and turnover causeway both sides of body garage road set protection network.The flexibility and interception intensity of protection network are enough to absorb and divided The impact kinetic energy of transmission predicted vehicle is dissipated, the design and use of Energy eliminating ring make the impact resistance of system be further enhanced, Compared with intercepting and building slurry barricade with rigidity, original construction technology is changed, duration and fund is reduced.
The installation method of modularization multi-storied garage, the principle of foundation is:The steel structure base of tower-type space garage can divide Solution is fabricated according to drawing by Gang Gou enterprises and completed into some standardization H profile steel beams, and being transported to engineering by lorry shows , then on-site hoisting and splicing primary and secondary girder steel are implemented by large crane, and successively according to outer shroud after first inner ring, external diameter after first internal diameter, dress With steel structure base is formed, then, precast rc slab is laid on girder steel, precast rc slab is consolidated with girder steel It is fixed, so as to form basis and the road of design.
It is specifically divided into following two mounting portions:First, prefabrication:First, column 1 is made according to transportation demand, if Column 1 is long, then is segmented column 1, and scene is spliced;Then, the space in the section of column 1 is cut out in one piece of whole plate, Then the whole plate is inserted on column 1 and is welded and fixed;Afterwards, another piece of whole plate is welded in using above-mentioned same method On column 1, and the node 6 of all directions is completed by welding on this basis;Because inner ring main beam framework 21 with Outer ring 22 structures of main beam framework are similar, so being first pre-assembled inner ring main beam framework 21 and outer ring main beam frame in factory Frame 22;First guide rail 31 and the second guide rail 32 are overall good in factory's pre-production as a guide rail;Then, support turntable is made Framework and gate beam etc..2nd, in-site installation:First, if column 1 is long, the column 1 of segmentation is subjected to live splicing;So Afterwards, by tool locating, each column 1 is installed;Afterwards, lifting inner ring main beam framework 21 and outer ring main beam framework 22, and fit Position and angle when adjustment column 1, respectively by inner ring main beam framework 21, outer ring main beam framework 22 and the section on column 1 The connected integral installation of point 6;Then, lifting support turntable frame and fixation;Guide rail and fixation are installed, by the first guide rail 31 and inner ring Main beam framework 21 connects into an entirety, and the second guide rail 32 and outer ring main beam framework 22 connect into an entirety;Afterwards, pacify Attached crossbeam is filled, inner ring support stringer 41 is connected with inner ring main beam framework 21, by outer ring support stringer 42 and the main horizontal stroke in outer ring Beam framework 22 is connected;Repeat above procedure and carry out expansion installation, form the complete structure of plane framework module 2;Finally, piecemeal is pacified Bed board is filled, the complete steel construction of individual layer is formed.
It should be noted that before the installation of column 1, survey crew's total powerstation and the subgrade case of level meter column 1 and can The axis and absolute altitude for adjusting bearing are checked, and the installation of column 1 can be carried out after confirmation is errorless.When column 1 carries out colligation, Lifting hangs strapping using straight, and suspension centre is located at capital, and suspension centre is directly hung, and cable wind rope is bundled in the bottom of column 1, and control column 1 is being hung Swung during dress;When column hang liter, the method for use is rotary process, after the completion of column 1 installs positioning, by column 1 is attached fixation with suspension column, for the column 1 of single unstable structure before Steel Structure Installation, can set cable wind rope conduct Interim safeguard measure, removes cable wind rope, by suitable after the column 1 on inner ring main beam framework 21, stable connection are first installed during installation Sequence installs the column 1 on outer ring main beam framework 22, therefore, to assure that the homeostasis of column is reliable.In the present embodiment, column 1 The crane type selecting of installation with pillar height degree highest, the maximum component of weight as crane selection ground.Most heavy post is in this engineering Length about 7m, single component always weighs about 0.56 ton, is installed from 25t cranes, according to 25 tons of autocrane lifting performances, 25 tons of cranes are in the case of 10.0m operating radius, hoisting height 16m, 27.95m principal arm length, and hoisting weight is 5.3 tons, Meet lifting requirements.To ensure the installation accuracy of column 1, the absolute altitude of column 1 is accurately controlled using adjustable seats.Column 1 hangs down The correction directly spent is observed simultaneously using a theodolite and a total powerstation on two axis in length and breadth, the erection position of theodolite Put, its sight should be made substantially vertical with cylinder.
As shown in figure 4, giving the structure connected between node 6 and the adjacent component on column 1 by bolt 5 in figure Figure.In the steel structures coating of the multi-storied garage of parallelization Transport Vehicle of the present invention, node 6 is provided with bolt hole, column 1 It is connected by node 6 using bolt 5 with plane framework module 2, spiral shell is used by node 6 between each part of plane framework module 2 Bolt 5 is connected.In addition, in the whole assembling process of the steel structures coating described in the present embodiment, all using the carry out group of bolt 5 Dress:
(1) support turntable frame and the connected mode of inner ring main beam framework 21:One end of first guide rail 31 passes through bolt 5 It is connected with the first circular frame 9, the other end of the first guide rail 31 is connected by bolt 5 with inner ring main beam framework 21;Inner ring branch One end of support longeron 41 is connected by node 6 using bolt 5 with inner ring main beam framework 21, the other end of inner ring support stringer 41 It is connected by bolt 5 with the first circular frame 9.
(2) connected mode of inner ring main beam framework 21 and outer ring main beam framework 22:One end of second guide rail 32 passes through Bolt 5 is connected with inner ring main beam framework 21, and the other end of the second guide rail 32 is connected by bolt 5 with outer ring main beam framework 22 Connect;One end of outer ring support stringer 42 uses bolt 5 and outer ring by the node 6 on the column 1 of outer ring main beam framework 22 Main beam framework 22 is connected, and the other end of outer ring support stringer 71 passes through the node 6 on the column 1 of inner ring main beam framework 21 It is connected using bolt 5 with inner ring main beam framework 21.
(3) connected mode of outer ring main beam framework 22 and vehicle support gate beam 43:Vehicle support gate beam 43 One end be connected by bolt 5 with the second guide rail 32, the other end of vehicle support gate beam 43 passes through bolt 5 and supported with outer ring Longeron 42 is connected.
(4) connected mode of main beam framework and column 1:Every section of main beam of inner ring main beam framework 21 is with column 1 It is attached by the node 6 on the column 1 of inner ring main beam framework 21 using bolt 5;Outer ring main beam framework 22 it is every Section main beam is to be attached by the node 6 on the column 1 of outer ring main beam framework 22 using bolt 5 with column 1.
(5) steel plate of every layer of the steel construction 1 of tower-type space garage laying by bolt 5 be fixed on plane framework module 2, The upper surface of rail module 3 and accessory structure module 4, according to actual needs, it would however also be possible to employ rivet interlacement.
It is high-strength bolt 5 as the bolt 5 of connection, high-strength bolt 5 should be freely passed into hole, must not struck by force Beat, must not gas cutting reaming, penetrate direction consistent.High-strength bolt 5 is outwards tightened by torque wrench from center, at the beginning of tightening the time-division Twist and twist eventually, it is preferably 50% twisted eventually just to twist.After stubborn 1h eventually, within 24h, the moment of torsion of bolt 5 is checked, should check and turn round in theory Within square ± 10%.When the contact surface of high-strength bolt 5 has gap, it can not be handled less than 1.0mm gaps;1.0~3.0mm gaps, The side being higher by is worn into 1:10 inclined-planes, polishing direction is vertical with Impact direction;More than 3.0mm gaps cushioning plate.Except lower margin spiral shell Outside bolt 24, the bore diameter of bolt 5 is than the big 1.5~2.0mm of diameter of bolt 5 on the component of steel construction 1 of tower-type space garage, and it is allowed Deviation should be controlled in prescribed limit.
By the way of above-mentioned full bolt 5 is installed whole Multi-storied garage with steel structure is assembled, it is to avoid Site Welding Operation, reduces existing workload, not only facilitates raising packaging efficiency, realize Fast Construction multi-storied garage, avoid simultaneously The deformation of the generations such as welding operation and other quality problems.In addition, steel construction is limited according to function and transporting and hoisting size etc. Different one integral piece are divided into, each one integral piece is prefabricated in the factory, and reduces the workload of Site Welding or splicing, it is possible to achieve quick Dismount, also, the one integral piece disassembled can be reused, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention Any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within refreshing and principle etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of modularization multi-storied garage, the multi-storied garage includes the steel construction of at least one multi-storied garage, each multi-storied garage If steel construction include dried layer parking tier, it is characterised in that the steel construction of multi-storied garage include column, plane framework module, lead Node is arranged with rail module and accessory structure module, the column, the column uses bolt and the plane by node Frame module be connected, the plane framework module using bolt respectively with the rail module and the accessory structure module phase Even.
2. modularization multi-storied garage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the plane framework module is divided into inner ring master Crossbeam frame, outer ring main beam framework and support turntable frame, the rail module includes the first guide rail and the second guide rail, described Accessory structure module includes inner ring support stringer and outer ring support stringer;
Around the periphery of support turntable frame, radial multiple first guide rails of setting, one end and the branch of first guide rail Turntable frame connection is supportted, the other end of first guide rail is connected with the inner ring main beam framework, the support turntable frame It is in concentric circles with the inner ring main beam framework, first guide rail is located at the support turntable frame and the main horizontal stroke of the inner ring Between inner ring support stringer described two-by-two between beam framework;
Around the periphery of inner ring main beam framework, radial multiple second guide rails of setting, one end of second guide rail with it is described Inner ring main beam framework is connected, and the other end of second guide rail is connected with the outer ring main beam framework, the main horizontal stroke in outer ring Beam framework and the inner ring main beam framework are in concentric circles, second guide rail be located at the outer ring main beam framework with it is described Between outer ring described two-by-two support stringer between inner ring main beam framework.
3. modularization multi-storied garage according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the inner ring main beam framework and described outer Enclosing main beam framework includes some sections of main beams, and the two ends of every section of main beam are separately mounted to the two neighboring column On node.
4. modularization multi-storied garage according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the accessory structure module also includes vehicle Gate beam is supported, one end of the vehicle support gate beam is connected with second guide rail, the vehicle support auxiliary is horizontal The other end of beam is connected with the outer ring support stringer.
5. modularization multi-storied garage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that every layer of the multi-storied garage steel construction is Steel plate is laid, the steel plate is layed in the upper table of the plane framework module, the rail module and the accessory structure module Face, and the steel plate is fixedly connected with the plane framework module, the rail module and the accessory structure module, it is described can Disk is rotated to be arranged on every layer of steel plate.
6. a kind of installation method of modularization multi-storied garage as described in above-mentioned any one of claim 1 to 5, it is characterised in that Comprise the following steps:
Column is fixed with node;
Plane framework module and column are fixed;
Rail module is fixed with plane framework;
Accessory structure module is installed.
7. the installation method of modularization multi-storied garage as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that by plane framework module with standing The step of post is fixed, specifically also includes:
Inner ring main beam framework is fixed with the column positioned at inner ring;
Outer ring main beam framework is fixed with the column positioned at outer ring;
Lifting support turntable frame and fixation.
8. the installation method of modularization multi-storied garage as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that by rail module and plane frame The step of frame is fixed, specifically also includes:
First guide rail is fixed with support turntable frame, inner ring main beam framework respectively;
Second guide rail is fixed with inner ring main beam framework, outer ring main beam framework respectively.
9. the installation method of modularization multi-storied garage as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that install accessory structure module Step, specifically also includes:
Inner ring support stringer is fixed with inner ring main beam framework;
Outer ring support stringer is fixed with outer ring main beam framework;
Vehicle gate beam is fixed with the second guide rail, outer ring support stringer respectively;
Repeat above procedure and carry out expansion installation, form complete plane framework module.
10. the installation method of modularization multi-storied garage as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that install accessory structure module The step of after also include:
Lay steel plate.
CN201710332996.XA 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 Modularization multi-storied garage and its installation method Pending CN107083853A (en)

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CN110388110A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-10-29 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of parking lot device

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CN103388415A (en) * 2012-05-10 2013-11-13 彭宝安 Vertical-lifting and rotary-entering type three-dimensional garage
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CN107463758A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-12-12 中国电子科技集团公司第三十八研究所 A kind of design method of digging-free assembled stereoscopic garage foundation structure
CN109344499A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-02-15 中国航发哈尔滨轴承有限公司 Rolling bearing engineering drawing method based on VB
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CN110388110A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-10-29 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of parking lot device

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