CN107056172A - A kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107056172A
CN107056172A CN201710425201.XA CN201710425201A CN107056172A CN 107056172 A CN107056172 A CN 107056172A CN 201710425201 A CN201710425201 A CN 201710425201A CN 107056172 A CN107056172 A CN 107056172A
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parts
heat
energy
saving
insulating material
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周青松
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Hefei Low Temperature Technology Co Ltd
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Hefei Low Temperature Technology Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00017Aspects relating to the protection of the environment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/30Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values
    • C04B2201/32Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for heat transfer properties such as thermal insulation values, e.g. R-values for the thermal conductivity, e.g. K-factors
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B2001/742Use of special materials; Materials having special structures or shape
    • E04B2001/746Recycled materials, e.g. made of used tires, bumpers or newspapers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Ceramic Engineering (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Acoustics & Sound (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Materials Engineering (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Building Environments (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof, is related to insulation material technical field, energy-saving and heat-insulating material includes the raw material of following parts by weight:42 50 parts of pitchstone glass bead, 46 parts of light magnesium oxide, 0.5 0.9 parts of prodan, 0.4 0.8 parts of aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.2 0.6 parts of polyvinyl alcohol, 0.6 0.8 parts of kaolin, 2 2.4 parts of flyash, 23 parts of attapulgite, 39 parts of phenol formaldehyde foam, 5 13 parts of aeroge, 37 parts of ceramic fibre, 5 15 parts of waste polyethylene foamed plastics, discarded 10 20 parts of rock cotton board, 10 14 parts of sepiolite fibre, 1 1.2 parts of sodium sulfosuccinate, 12 16 parts of cement, 0.3 0.5 parts of fire retardant, 0.2 0.6 parts of water reducer, 0.1 0.3 parts of binding agent, 37 parts of 0.2 0.6 parts of foaming agent and water;Preparation method comprises the following steps:(1)Weigh raw material,(2)Crush,(3)Stirring,(4)Enter mold forming and maintenance.Energy-saving and heat-insulating material produced by the present invention has the advantages that high tensile strength, compression strength height, good heat preservation performance and energy-conserving and environment-protective.

Description

A kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to insulation material technical field, and in particular to a kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
With the implementation and development of building energy conservation, insulation material as energy saving building material important component, it is more next More it is valued by people.
A kind of insulation material of Chinese patent literature of on 2 24th, 2016 bulletins and preparation method thereof(Authorization Notice No. CN103449772B), insulation material is made up of following parts by weight of component raw material:The pitchstone glass bead of the parts by weight of 40- 55, The light magnesium oxide of 4-5 parts by weight, the prodan of 0.5-1.2 parts by weight, the aluminium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.4-1 parts by weight, 0.2- The polyvinyl alcohol of 0.5 parts by weight, the kaolin of 0.6-0.8 parts by weight, the flyash of 2-2.5 parts by weight, 2-3 parts by weight Attapulgite, the sepiolite fibre of 2.5-3.5 parts by weight, the sodium sulfosuccinate of 1-1.5 parts by weight and the water of 2-3 parts by weight Mud.
The invention still has when in face of requiring high building to tensile strength, compression strength, heat-insulating property and energy-conserving and environment-protective It is many not enough, therefore it is formulated and preparation method also needs to make further improvement.
The content of the invention
In order to solve existing energy-saving and heat-insulating material in face of to tensile strength, compression strength, heat-insulating property and energy-conserving and environment-protective It is required that the problem of still suffering from many not enough during high building, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and its preparation Method, obtained energy-saving and heat-insulating material has the advantages that high tensile strength, compression strength height, good heat preservation performance and energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:42-50 parts of pitchstone glass bead, light magnesium oxide 4-6 Part, 0.5-0.9 parts of prodan, 0.4-0.8 parts of aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.2-0.6 parts of polyvinyl alcohol, 0.6-0.8 parts of kaolin, powder 2-2.4 parts of coal ash, 2-3 parts of attapulgite, 3-9 parts of phenol formaldehyde foam, 5-13 parts of aeroge, 3-7 parts of ceramic fibre, waste polyethylene 5-15 parts of foamed plastics, discarded 10-20 parts of rock cotton board, 10-14 parts of sepiolite fibre, 1-1.2 parts of sodium sulfosuccinate, cement 12-16 parts, 0.3-0.5 parts of fire retardant, 0.2-0.6 parts of water reducer, 0.1-0.3 parts of binding agent, 0.2-0.6 parts of foaming agent and water 3- 7 parts.
Waste polyethylene foamed plastics and discarded rock cotton board are with the addition of in raw material, these construction wastes are shelved on city for a long time City, does not only take up urban land, and the local environment of pollution, now by these construction waste cycling and reutilizations, has reached energy-conservation The purpose of environmental protection;Waste polyethylene foamed plastics has that resiliency is good, heat-resist, heat insulation property is good and chemical stability is good The characteristics of;Discarded rock cotton board has the characteristics of light weight, thermal conductivity factor are small and non-ignitable.
It with the addition of phenol formaldehyde foam in raw material, phenol formaldehyde foam has that uniform hole-closing structure, thermal conductivity factor are low, thermal insulation is good, Cost is low, fire retardant, low cigarette and resistant to elevated temperatures feature.
It with the addition of aeroge in raw material, aeroge has that thermal conductivity factor is low, density is small, pliability good and fireproof advantage.
Ceramic fibre is with the addition of in raw material, ceramic fibre is as fibrous light refractory material, with lightweight, resistance to height Temperature, good heat endurance, low thermal conductivity and avirulent feature.
Preferably, the raw material of following parts by weight is included:46 parts of pitchstone glass bead, 5 parts of light magnesium oxide, prodan 0.7 part, 0.6 part of aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.4 part of polyvinyl alcohol, 0.7 part of kaolin, 2.2 parts of flyash, 2.5 parts of attapulgite, phenol 6 parts of aldehyde foam, 9 parts of aeroge, 5 parts of ceramic fibre, 10 parts of waste polyethylene foamed plastics, discarded 15 parts of rock cotton board, sepiolite 12 parts of fiber, 1.1 parts of sodium sulfosuccinate, 14 parts of cement, 0.4 part of fire retardant, 0.4 part of water reducer, 0.2 part of binding agent, foaming 5 parts of 0.4 part of agent and water.
Preferably, the fire retardant is flame retardant of magnesium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide as a kind of filled-type fire retardant, by by Go out during thermal decomposition and combine water, absorb substantial amounts of heat, to reduce the surface temperature of synthetic material that it is filled in flame, tool Play the role of to suppress polymer decomposition and produced fuel gas is cooled down.
Preferably, the water reducer is lignin sulfonate water reducer, it is possible to reduce the 10-15% of water consumption, improves mixed Close slurry workability.
Preferably, the binding agent is waterglass, and waterglass has the characteristics of caking property is strong, intensity is high and heat-resist, Improve the intensity of energy-saving and heat-insulating material.
Preferably, the foaming agent is sodium acid carbonate, and carbon dioxide is released in heating, and foaming effect is good, improves energy-saving heat preserving The thermal and insulating performance of material.
Preferably, the raw material of the energy-saving and heat-insulating material also includes the polyester fiber that parts by weight are 5-9 parts, polyester fiber It is good with high intensity, high resiliency restoring force and heat endurance.
A kind of preparation method of energy-saving and heat-insulating material, comprises the following steps:
(1)Parts by weight according to energy-saving and heat-insulating material raw material weigh raw material;
(2)Waste polyethylene foamed plastics and discarded rock cotton board are put into pulverizer and crushed, crushed material is produced;
(3)By step(2)In crushed material and other surplus stocks be put into mixer and stir 35-40min, produce after stirring Mixed slurry;
(4)By step(3)In mixed slurry be cooled to 25-30 DEG C, then be poured into mould and solidify, produce energy-saving heat preserving material Material.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1st, the energy-saving and heat-insulating material developed of the present invention, obtained energy-saving and heat-insulating material has that tensile strength is high, compression strength is high, Good heat preservation performance and the advantage of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
2nd, waste polyethylene foamed plastics and discarded rock cotton board are with the addition of in raw material of the invention, these construction wastes are long-term City is shelved on, urban land, and the local environment of pollution is not only taken up, now by these construction waste cycling and reutilizations, reaches The purpose of energy-conserving and environment-protective is arrived;Waste polyethylene foamed plastics has that resiliency is good, heat-resist, heat insulation property is good and chemical The characteristics of stability is good;Discarded rock cotton board has the characteristics of light weight, thermal conductivity factor are small and non-ignitable.
3rd, with the addition of phenol formaldehyde foam in raw material of the invention, phenol formaldehyde foam have uniform hole-closing structure, thermal conductivity factor it is low, Thermal insulation is good, cost is low, fire retardant, low cigarette and resistant to elevated temperatures feature.
4th, it with the addition of aeroge in raw material of the invention, aeroge has that thermal conductivity factor is low, density is small, pliability good and anti- The advantage of fire.
5th, ceramic fibre is with the addition of in raw material of the invention, ceramic fibre is as fibrous light refractory material, with weight Measure light, good high temperature resistant, heat endurance, low thermal conductivity and avirulent feature.
6th, heretofore described fire retardant is flame retardant of magnesium hydroxide, and magnesium hydroxide leads to as a kind of filled-type fire retardant Cross when being thermally decomposed and combine water, absorb substantial amounts of heat, to reduce the surface temperature of synthetic material that it is filled in flame Degree, with the effect for suppressing polymer decomposition and being cooled down to produced fuel gas.
7th, heretofore described water reducer is lignin sulfonate water reducer, it is possible to reduce the 10-15% of water consumption, is changed Kind mixed slurry workability.
8th, heretofore described binding agent is waterglass, and waterglass has the spy that caking property is strong, intensity is high and heat-resist Point, improves the intensity of energy-saving and heat-insulating material.
9th, heretofore described foaming agent is sodium acid carbonate, and carbon dioxide is released in heating, and foaming effect is good, improves energy-conservation and protects The thermal and insulating performance of adiabator.
10th, the raw material of heretofore described energy-saving and heat-insulating material also includes the polyester fiber that parts by weight are 5-9 parts, polyester Fiber has high intensity, high resiliency restoring force and heat endurance good.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:46 parts of pitchstone glass bead, 5 parts of light magnesium oxide, fluorine 0.7 part of sodium metasilicate, 0.6 part of aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.4 part of polyvinyl alcohol, 0.7 part of kaolin, 2.2 parts of flyash, attapulgite 2.5 Part, 6 parts of phenol formaldehyde foam, 9 parts of aeroge, 5 parts of ceramic fibre, 10 parts of waste polyethylene foamed plastics, discarded 15 parts of rock cotton board, sea 12 parts of afrodite fiber, 1.1 parts of sodium sulfosuccinate, 14 parts of cement, 0.4 part of fire retardant, 0.4 part of water reducer, 0.2 part of binding agent, 5 parts of 0.4 part of foaming agent and water.
Waste polyethylene foamed plastics and discarded rock cotton board are with the addition of in raw material, these construction wastes are shelved on city for a long time City, does not only take up urban land, and the local environment of pollution, now by these construction waste cycling and reutilizations, has reached energy-conservation The purpose of environmental protection;Waste polyethylene foamed plastics has that resiliency is good, heat-resist, heat insulation property is good and chemical stability is good The characteristics of;Discarded rock cotton board has the characteristics of light weight, thermal conductivity factor are small and non-ignitable.
It with the addition of phenol formaldehyde foam in raw material, phenol formaldehyde foam has that uniform hole-closing structure, thermal conductivity factor are low, thermal insulation is good, Cost is low, fire retardant, low cigarette and resistant to elevated temperatures feature.
It with the addition of aeroge in raw material, aeroge has that thermal conductivity factor is low, density is small, pliability good and fireproof advantage.
Ceramic fibre is with the addition of in raw material, ceramic fibre is as fibrous light refractory material, with lightweight, resistance to height Temperature, good heat endurance, low thermal conductivity and avirulent feature.
Fire retardant is flame retardant of magnesium hydroxide, and magnesium hydroxide as a kind of filled-type fire retardant during by being thermally decomposed With reference to water, substantial amounts of heat is absorbed, to reduce the surface temperature of synthetic material that it is filled in flame, with suppressing polymerization The effect that thing is decomposed and cooled down to produced fuel gas.
Water reducer is lignin sulfonate water reducer, it is possible to reduce the 10-15% of water consumption, improves mixed slurry and easy Property.
Binding agent is waterglass, and waterglass has the characteristics of caking property is strong, intensity is high and heat-resist, improves energy-conservation and protects The intensity of adiabator.
Foaming agent is sodium acid carbonate, and carbon dioxide is released in heating, and foaming effect is good, improves the thermal insulation separation of energy-saving and heat-insulating material Hot property.
The raw material of energy-saving and heat-insulating material also includes the polyester fiber that parts by weight are 7 parts, and polyester fiber has high intensity, height Elastic restoring force and heat endurance are good.
A kind of preparation method of energy-saving and heat-insulating material, comprises the following steps:
(1)Parts by weight according to energy-saving and heat-insulating material raw material weigh raw material;
(2)Waste polyethylene foamed plastics and discarded rock cotton board are put into pulverizer and crushed, crushed material is produced;
(3)By step(2)In crushed material and other surplus stocks be put into mixer and stir 35-40min, produce after stirring Mixed slurry;
(4)By step(3)In mixed slurry be cooled to 25-30 DEG C, then be poured into mould and solidify, produce energy-saving heat preserving material Material.
Embodiment 2
A kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:42 parts of pitchstone glass bead, 4 parts of light magnesium oxide, fluorine 0.5 part of sodium metasilicate, 0.4 part of aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.2 part of polyvinyl alcohol, 0.6 part of kaolin, 2 parts of flyash, 2 parts of attapulgite, 3 parts of phenol formaldehyde foam, 5 parts of aeroge, 3 parts of ceramic fibre, 5 parts of waste polyethylene foamed plastics, discarded 10 parts of rock cotton board, sepiolite 10 parts of fiber, 1 part of sodium sulfosuccinate, 12 parts of cement, 0.3 part of fire retardant, 0.2 part of water reducer, 0.1 part of binding agent, foaming agent 0.2 part and 3 parts of water.
Waste polyethylene foamed plastics and discarded rock cotton board are with the addition of in raw material, these construction wastes are shelved on city for a long time City, does not only take up urban land, and the local environment of pollution, now by these construction waste cycling and reutilizations, has reached energy-conservation The purpose of environmental protection;Waste polyethylene foamed plastics has that resiliency is good, heat-resist, heat insulation property is good and chemical stability is good The characteristics of;Discarded rock cotton board has the characteristics of light weight, thermal conductivity factor are small and non-ignitable.
It with the addition of phenol formaldehyde foam in raw material, phenol formaldehyde foam has that uniform hole-closing structure, thermal conductivity factor are low, thermal insulation is good, Cost is low, fire retardant, low cigarette and resistant to elevated temperatures feature.
It with the addition of aeroge in raw material, aeroge has that thermal conductivity factor is low, density is small, pliability good and fireproof advantage.
Ceramic fibre is with the addition of in raw material, ceramic fibre is as fibrous light refractory material, with lightweight, resistance to height Temperature, good heat endurance, low thermal conductivity and avirulent feature.
Fire retardant is flame retardant of magnesium hydroxide, and magnesium hydroxide as a kind of filled-type fire retardant during by being thermally decomposed With reference to water, substantial amounts of heat is absorbed, to reduce the surface temperature of synthetic material that it is filled in flame, with suppressing polymerization The effect that thing is decomposed and cooled down to produced fuel gas.
Water reducer is lignin sulfonate water reducer, it is possible to reduce the 10-15% of water consumption, improves mixed slurry and easy Property.
Binding agent is waterglass, and waterglass has the characteristics of caking property is strong, intensity is high and heat-resist, improves energy-conservation and protects The intensity of adiabator.
Foaming agent is sodium acid carbonate, and carbon dioxide is released in heating, and foaming effect is good, improves the thermal insulation separation of energy-saving and heat-insulating material Hot property.
The raw material of energy-saving and heat-insulating material also includes the polyester fiber that parts by weight are 5 parts, and polyester fiber has high intensity, height Elastic restoring force and heat endurance are good.
A kind of preparation method of energy-saving and heat-insulating material, comprises the following steps:
(1)Parts by weight according to energy-saving and heat-insulating material raw material weigh raw material;
(2)Waste polyethylene foamed plastics and discarded rock cotton board are put into pulverizer and crushed, crushed material is produced;
(3)By step(2)In crushed material and other surplus stocks be put into mixer and stir 35-40min, produce after stirring Mixed slurry;
(4)By step(3)In mixed slurry be cooled to 25-30 DEG C, then be poured into mould and solidify, produce energy-saving heat preserving material Material.
Embodiment 3
A kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:50 parts of pitchstone glass bead, 6 parts of light magnesium oxide, fluorine 0.9 part of sodium metasilicate, 0.8 part of aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.6 part of polyvinyl alcohol, 0.8 part of kaolin, 2.4 parts of flyash, attapulgite 3 Part, 9 parts of phenol formaldehyde foam, 13 parts of aeroge, 3-7 parts of ceramic fibre, 15 parts of waste polyethylene foamed plastics, discarded rock cotton board 20 Part, 14 parts of sepiolite fibre, 1.2 parts of sodium sulfosuccinate, 16 parts of cement, 0.5 part of fire retardant, 0.6 part of water reducer, binding agent 7 parts of 0.3 part, 0.6 part of foaming agent and water.
Waste polyethylene foamed plastics and discarded rock cotton board are with the addition of in raw material, these construction wastes are shelved on city for a long time City, does not only take up urban land, and the local environment of pollution, now by these construction waste cycling and reutilizations, has reached energy-conservation The purpose of environmental protection;Waste polyethylene foamed plastics has that resiliency is good, heat-resist, heat insulation property is good and chemical stability is good The characteristics of;Discarded rock cotton board has the characteristics of light weight, thermal conductivity factor are small and non-ignitable.
It with the addition of phenol formaldehyde foam in raw material, phenol formaldehyde foam has that uniform hole-closing structure, thermal conductivity factor are low, thermal insulation is good, Cost is low, fire retardant, low cigarette and resistant to elevated temperatures feature.
It with the addition of aeroge in raw material, aeroge has that thermal conductivity factor is low, density is small, pliability good and fireproof advantage.
Ceramic fibre is with the addition of in raw material, ceramic fibre is as fibrous light refractory material, with lightweight, resistance to height Temperature, good heat endurance, low thermal conductivity and avirulent feature.
Fire retardant is flame retardant of magnesium hydroxide, and magnesium hydroxide as a kind of filled-type fire retardant during by being thermally decomposed With reference to water, substantial amounts of heat is absorbed, to reduce the surface temperature of synthetic material that it is filled in flame, with suppressing polymerization The effect that thing is decomposed and cooled down to produced fuel gas.
Water reducer is lignin sulfonate water reducer, it is possible to reduce the 10-15% of water consumption, improves mixed slurry and easy Property.
Binding agent is waterglass, and waterglass has the characteristics of caking property is strong, intensity is high and heat-resist, improves energy-conservation and protects The intensity of adiabator.
Foaming agent is sodium acid carbonate, and carbon dioxide is released in heating, and foaming effect is good, improves the thermal insulation separation of energy-saving and heat-insulating material Hot property.
The raw material of energy-saving and heat-insulating material also includes the polyester fiber that parts by weight are 9 parts, and polyester fiber has high intensity, height Elastic restoring force and heat endurance are good.
A kind of preparation method of energy-saving and heat-insulating material, comprises the following steps:
(1)Parts by weight according to energy-saving and heat-insulating material raw material weigh raw material;
(2)Waste polyethylene foamed plastics and discarded rock cotton board are put into pulverizer and crushed, crushed material is produced;
(3)By step(2)In crushed material and other surplus stocks be put into mixer and stir 35-40min, produce after stirring Mixed slurry;
(4)By step(3)In mixed slurry be cooled to 25-30 DEG C, then be poured into mould and solidify, produce energy-saving heat preserving material Material.
Comparative example 1
A kind of insulation material, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:50 parts of pitchstone glass bead, 6 parts of light magnesium oxide, fluosilicic acid 1.1 parts of sodium, 1 part of aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.4 part of polyvinyl alcohol, 0.8 part of kaolin, 2.4 parts of flyash, 3 parts of attapulgite, Hai Pao 9 parts of 16 parts of stone flour, 1.4 parts of sodium sulfosuccinate, 16 parts of cement and water.
A kind of preparation method of insulation material, comprises the following steps:
(1)Parts by weight according to insulation material raw material weigh raw material;
(2)Raw material is put into mixer and stirs 30-40min, the mixed slurry after stirring is produced;
(3)By step(2)In mixed slurry pour into bulk material with mould high temperature, temperature control during cast is in 180- 190 DEG C, along with vibration during cast, bulk material and mould are smoothly put into curing field together, cover plastic foil heat and moisture preserving It is stripped after maintenance, the 3-4d that rests, carries out stacking covering wet curing.
Obtained insulation material progressive is made in energy-saving and heat-insulating material and comparative example 1 in embodiment 1, embodiment 2 and embodiment 3 It can test, test result is as shown in table 1:
Index Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Comparative example 1
Compression strength(Mpa) 35.3 30.8 27.1 20.3
Tensile strength(Mpa) 37.1 32.4 29.6 22.2
Thermal conductivity factor(W/m ﹒ k) 0.029 0.033 0.038 0.049
Material loss slip(%) 29 27 24 0
From the data of table 1 compare as can be seen that it is an advantage of the invention that:
1st, a kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof, from the compression strength measured as can be seen that embodiment 1-3 pressure resistance Degree is above comparative example 1, illustrates that the compression strength of energy-saving and heat-insulating material of the present invention is high.
2nd, a kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof, from the tensile strength measured as can be seen that embodiment 1-3's is anti- Tensile strength is above comparative example 1, illustrates that the tensile strength of energy-saving and heat-insulating material of the present invention is high.
3rd, a kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof, from the thermal conductivity factor measured as can be seen that embodiment 1-3's leads Hot coefficient is below comparative example 1, illustrates the high insulating effect of energy-saving and heat-insulating material of the present invention.
4th, a kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof, from the material loss slip measured as can be seen that embodiment 1-3 material loss slip is above comparative example 1, illustrates the good energy saving property of the energy-saving and heat-insulating material.
5th, a kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof, from the data of each index measured as can be seen that embodiment 1 Embodiment 2, embodiment 3 and comparative example 1 are superior to, illustrates the composition of raw materials of energy-saving and heat-insulating material of the present invention and the conjunction of preparation method Rationality.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, although with reference to foregoing reality Apply example the present invention is described in detail, for those skilled in the art, it still can be to foregoing each implementation Technical scheme described in example is modified, or equivalent substitution, all essences in the present invention are carried out to which part technical characteristic God is with principle, and any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following parts by weight:42-50 parts of pitchstone glass bead, 4-6 parts of light magnesium oxide, 0.5-0.9 parts of prodan, 0.4-0.8 parts of aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.2-0.6 parts of polyvinyl alcohol, kaolinite Native 0.6-0.8 parts, 2-2.4 parts of flyash, 2-3 parts of attapulgite, 3-9 parts of phenol formaldehyde foam, 5-13 parts of aeroge, ceramic fibre 3- 7 parts, 5-15 parts of waste polyethylene foamed plastics, discarded 10-20 parts of rock cotton board, 10-14 parts of sepiolite fibre, sodium sulfosuccinate 1-1.2 parts, 12-16 parts of cement, 0.3-0.5 parts of fire retardant, 0.2-0.6 parts of water reducer, 0.1-0.3 parts of binding agent, foaming agent 0.2-0.6 parts and 3-7 parts of water.
2. energy-saving and heat-insulating material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following parts by weight:Pitchstone 46 parts of glass bead, 5 parts of light magnesium oxide, 0.7 part of prodan, 0.6 part of aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.4 part of polyvinyl alcohol, kaolin 0.7 part, 2.2 parts of flyash, 2.5 parts of attapulgite, 6 parts of phenol formaldehyde foam, 9 parts of aeroge, 5 parts of ceramic fibre, waste polyethylene 10 parts of foamed plastics, discarded 15 parts of rock cotton board, 12 parts of sepiolite fibre, 1.1 parts of sodium sulfosuccinate, 14 parts of cement, fire retardant 5 parts of 0.4 part, 0.4 part of water reducer, 0.2 part of binding agent, 0.4 part of foaming agent and water.
3. energy-saving and heat-insulating material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fire retardant is flame retardant of magnesium hydroxide.
4. energy-saving and heat-insulating material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The water reducer subtracts for lignin sulfonate Aqua.
5. energy-saving and heat-insulating material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The binding agent is waterglass.
6. energy-saving and heat-insulating material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The foaming agent is sodium acid carbonate.
7. energy-saving and heat-insulating material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The raw material of the energy-saving and heat-insulating material also includes Parts by weight are 5-9 parts of polyester fiber.
8. a kind of preparation method of energy-saving and heat-insulating material as described in claim 1-7 any one, it is characterised in that including Following steps:
(1)Parts by weight according to energy-saving and heat-insulating material raw material weigh raw material;
(2)Waste polyethylene foamed plastics and discarded rock cotton board are put into pulverizer and crushed, crushed material is produced;
(3)By step(2)In crushed material and other surplus stocks be put into mixer and stir 35-40min, produce after stirring Mixed slurry;
(4)By step(3)In mixed slurry be cooled to 25-30 DEG C, then be poured into mould and solidify, produce energy-saving heat preserving material Material.
CN201710425201.XA 2017-06-08 2017-06-08 A kind of energy-saving and heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN107056172A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107973552A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-05-01 遂宁市明川零贰零科技有限公司 A kind of waste material utilizes environment-friendly fireproof heat insulating material
CN108558293A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-09-21 张建 A kind of thermal insulation material and preparation method thereof
CN108863284A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-11-23 张建 A kind of heat preservation construction material and preparation method thereof containing waste
CN110317007A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-10-11 安徽恒兴新型建材有限公司 A kind of novel external wall regeneration heat preservation cotton material
CN110981408A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-04-10 陕西速源节能科技有限公司 Heat-preserving and heat-insulating energy-saving material

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CN102503277A (en) * 2011-11-08 2012-06-20 北京天基新材料股份有限公司 Building material and preparation method thereof
CN103449772A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-18 广西青龙化学建材有限公司 Thermal insulating material and preparation method thereof
CN103711273A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-09 青岛无为保温材料有限公司 Composite thermal insulation energy-saving decorative board

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WO2010002934A2 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Specialty Concrete Design, Inc. Heat resistant and fire retardant materials and methods for preparing same
CN102503277A (en) * 2011-11-08 2012-06-20 北京天基新材料股份有限公司 Building material and preparation method thereof
CN103449772A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-18 广西青龙化学建材有限公司 Thermal insulating material and preparation method thereof
CN103711273A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-09 青岛无为保温材料有限公司 Composite thermal insulation energy-saving decorative board

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107973552A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-05-01 遂宁市明川零贰零科技有限公司 A kind of waste material utilizes environment-friendly fireproof heat insulating material
CN108558293A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-09-21 张建 A kind of thermal insulation material and preparation method thereof
CN108863284A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-11-23 张建 A kind of heat preservation construction material and preparation method thereof containing waste
CN110317007A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-10-11 安徽恒兴新型建材有限公司 A kind of novel external wall regeneration heat preservation cotton material
CN110981408A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-04-10 陕西速源节能科技有限公司 Heat-preserving and heat-insulating energy-saving material

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Application publication date: 20170818