CN107054768B - Automatic packaging machine - Google Patents

Automatic packaging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107054768B
CN107054768B CN201710376175.6A CN201710376175A CN107054768B CN 107054768 B CN107054768 B CN 107054768B CN 201710376175 A CN201710376175 A CN 201710376175A CN 107054768 B CN107054768 B CN 107054768B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vertical
cutting
seat
plastic box
discharging
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Active
Application number
CN201710376175.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107054768A (en
Inventor
姜昌国
杨行方
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Xinbang Technology Co ltd
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Ningbo Xinbang Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201710376175.6A priority Critical patent/CN107054768B/en
Publication of CN107054768A publication Critical patent/CN107054768A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107054768B publication Critical patent/CN107054768B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B47/00Apparatus or devices for forming pockets or receptacles in or from sheets, blanks, or webs, comprising essentially a die into which the material is pressed or a folding die through which the material is moved
    • B65B47/02Apparatus or devices for forming pockets or receptacles in or from sheets, blanks, or webs, comprising essentially a die into which the material is pressed or a folding die through which the material is moved with means for heating the material prior to forming
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B41/00Supplying or feeding container-forming sheets or wrapping material
    • B65B41/12Feeding webs from rolls
    • B65B41/16Feeding webs from rolls by rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/42Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation
    • B65B43/46Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation using grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B47/00Apparatus or devices for forming pockets or receptacles in or from sheets, blanks, or webs, comprising essentially a die into which the material is pressed or a folding die through which the material is moved
    • B65B47/08Apparatus or devices for forming pockets or receptacles in or from sheets, blanks, or webs, comprising essentially a die into which the material is pressed or a folding die through which the material is moved by application of fluid pressure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B51/00Devices for, or methods of, sealing or securing package folds or closures; Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers, or necks of bags
    • B65B51/10Applying or generating heat or pressure or combinations thereof
    • B65B51/14Applying or generating heat or pressure or combinations thereof by reciprocating or oscillating members
    • B65B51/144Closing paperboard containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
    • B65B61/04Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for severing webs, or for separating joined packages
    • B65B61/06Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for severing webs, or for separating joined packages by cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
    • B65B61/20Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for adding cards, coupons or other inserts to package contents
    • B65B61/22Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for adding cards, coupons or other inserts to package contents for placing protecting sheets, plugs, or wads over contents, e.g. cotton-wool in bottles of pills
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B65/00Details peculiar to packaging machines and not otherwise provided for; Arrangements of such details
    • B65B65/003Packaging lines, e.g. general layout

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Fluid Mechanics (AREA)
  • Containers And Plastic Fillers For Packaging (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic packaging machine which comprises a machine base and a multi-station dividing plate, wherein a plurality of discharging seats are uniformly distributed on the dividing plate along the circumferential direction, and plastic box positioning grooves are formed in the discharging seats; the plastic box forming device is arranged on the machine base and comprises an unwinding seat, a heating mechanism, a forming mechanism, a cutting mechanism and a pulling mechanism, wherein the pulling mechanism pulls plastic films from the unwinding seat to sequentially pass through the heating mechanism, the forming mechanism and the cutting mechanism by a preset step length; the frame is surrounded the graduated disk and still is equipped with plastic box material loading station, finished piece material loading station, paper card material loading station, heat seal encapsulation station and ejection of compact station in proper order, and plastic box material loading station is provided with plastic box feed mechanism, and paper card material loading station is provided with paper card feed mechanism, and heat seal encapsulation station is provided with heat seal encapsulation mechanism, and ejection of compact station is provided with discharge mechanism. The invention has simple and reasonable structure and convenient operation, effectively reduces the labor intensity of workers and improves the working efficiency.

Description

Automatic packaging machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of packaging equipment, in particular to an automatic packaging machine.
Background
The paper card blister packaging machine is a common mechanical device for packaging, and is widely and generally applied to production and processing in various industries. For example, relatively small parts of the tube connector of equal volume are typically packaged by a paper card blister packaging machine after production is complete.
At present, the basic process flow of the existing paper card blister packaging machine is as follows: the plastic film is heated by a heating assembly to be softened to a certain degree, then the softened plastic film is formed into a plastic box with a cavity for accommodating a workpiece by a forming module, the workpiece to be loaded is placed into the formed plastic box, a paper card covers an opening of the plastic box, and finally the plastic box and the paper card are heated by a heat-sealing module to be thermally sealed, so that the packaging of the workpiece is completed. However, the existing paper card blister packaging machine is low in automation degree, and often needs manual operation in a plurality of processes, so that the operation is complicated and inconvenient, time and labor are wasted, and the working efficiency is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects and shortcomings of the prior art, and provides an automatic packaging machine which is simple and reasonable in structure and convenient to operate, effectively reduces the labor intensity of workers, and improves the working efficiency.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme.
An automatic packaging machine comprises a machine base and a multi-station dividing disc arranged on the machine base, wherein a plurality of discharging seats are uniformly distributed on the dividing disc along the circumferential direction, and plastic box positioning grooves are formed in the discharging seats;
the plastic box forming device comprises an unreeling seat, a heating mechanism, a forming mechanism, a cutting mechanism and a material pulling mechanism, wherein one end of a plastic film is wound on the unreeling seat, the other end of the plastic film is connected with the material pulling mechanism, the material pulling mechanism pulls the plastic film to pass through the heating mechanism, the forming mechanism and the cutting mechanism in sequence from the unreeling seat by a preset step length, the heating mechanism is used for heating and softening the passing plastic film, the forming mechanism is used for pressing and forming the heated plastic film, and the cutting mechanism is used for cutting the formed plastic film to manufacture the plastic box meeting the packaging requirement;
the frame is gone up and is wound the graduated disk still is equipped with plastic case material loading station, finished piece material loading station, paper card material loading station, heat seal encapsulation station and ejection of compact station according to the preface, plastic case material loading station be provided with be used for with the plastic case by cutting mechanism transfers to corresponding the plastic case feed mechanism of plastic case constant head tank, finished piece material loading station is used for to the plastic case in put in the finished piece of treating the packing, paper card material loading station is provided with and is used for to corresponding the paper card feed mechanism of paper card is placed to the plastic case constant head tank, heat seal encapsulation station is provided with the heat seal encapsulation mechanism who is used for making plastic case and paper card bonding in order to form the packing carton, ejection of compact station is provided with and is used for following the packing carton corresponding discharge mechanism that the plastic case constant head tank was taken out.
Further, the heating mechanism comprises a heating installation seat arranged on the machine base and a heating assembly arranged on the heating installation seat, the heating assembly comprises an upper heating seat and a lower heating seat, the upper heating seat is fixedly connected with the heating installation seat, a heating vertical sliding rail is further arranged on the heating installation seat, a heating vertical sliding table is movably arranged on the heating vertical sliding rail, the heating vertical sliding table is driven by a heating vertical cylinder to slide back and forth along the heating vertical sliding rail, and the lower heating seat is fixed on the heating vertical sliding table; when the plastic film enters the heating mechanism, the heating vertical cylinder drives the lower heating seat to move upwards through the heating vertical sliding table, and the upper heating seat is matched with the lower heating seat to heat and soften the plastic film.
Furthermore, the forming mechanism comprises a forming mounting seat arranged on the machine base and a forming assembly arranged on the forming mounting seat, the forming assembly comprises an upper die and a lower die, the lower die is fixed on the forming mounting seat, a forming vertical cylinder is further arranged on the forming mounting seat, and the upper die is fixed at the output end of the forming vertical cylinder; when the heated plastic film enters the forming mechanism, the forming vertical cylinder drives the upper die to move downwards, so that the upper die and the lower die are closed, and the plastic film is subjected to compression molding by matching of the upper die and the lower die.
Further, a material guiding mechanism is further arranged between the forming mechanism and the cutting mechanism and comprises a material guiding installation seat arranged on the base, a front material guiding assembly and a rear material guiding assembly are sequentially arranged on the material guiding installation seat along the movement direction of the plastic film, the front material guiding assembly comprises a plurality of material guiding plates arranged in parallel, a front material guiding groove for the formed part of the plastic film to pass through is formed between every two adjacent material guiding plates, the rear material guiding assembly comprises a material guiding stand column arranged on the material guiding installation seat, an electric roller and an installation shaft are movably arranged on the material guiding stand column respectively, a plurality of rollers corresponding to the material guiding plates in a one-to-one mode are fixed on the installation shaft, a rear material guiding groove for the formed part of the plastic film to pass through is formed between every two adjacent rollers, and the electric roller is matched with the rollers to drive the plastic film to move towards the cutting mechanism.
Further, the cutting mechanism comprises a cutting mounting seat arranged on the machine base and a cutting assembly arranged on the cutting mounting seat, the cutting assembly comprises a cutting seat and a cutting tool bit, the cutting seat is fixed on the cutting mounting seat, a cutting groove which is adaptive to a forming part of the plastic film is arranged on the cutting seat, a cutting vertical sliding rail is arranged on the cutting mounting seat, the cutting vertical sliding rail is movably provided with a cutting vertical sliding table, the cutting vertical sliding table is driven by a cutting vertical cylinder to slide in a reciprocating manner along the cutting vertical sliding rail, the cutting tool bit is fixed on the cutting vertical sliding table, a cutting transverse sliding rail is further arranged on the cutting mounting seat, the cutting transverse sliding rail is positioned below the cutting seat, a cutting transverse sliding table is movably arranged on the cutting transverse sliding rail, the cutting transverse sliding table is driven by a cutting transverse cylinder to slide in a reciprocating manner along the cutting transverse sliding rail, and a material moving groove corresponding to the cutting groove is arranged on the cutting transverse sliding table; when the plastic film gets into during the cutting mechanism, the vertical cylinder of cutting passes through the drive of the vertical slip table of cutting the cutter head moves down, by the cutting seat with the cooperation of cutter head cuts the plastic film, through the plastic carton that the cutting formed by the cutting groove drops extremely the material inslot that moves of the horizontal slip table of cutting, and by the drive of the horizontal cylinder of cutting the horizontal slip table of cutting moves forward to transfer the plastic carton to plastic carton feed mechanism.
Furthermore, the plastic box feeding mechanism comprises a plastic box feeding installation seat, a plastic box feeding transverse sliding table, a plastic box feeding vertical sliding table and a plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head, the plastic box feeding installation seat is arranged on the machine base, a plastic box feeding transverse sliding rail is arranged on the plastic box feeding installation seat, the plastic box feeding transverse sliding table is matched with the plastic box feeding transverse sliding rail in a sliding manner, the plastic box feeding transverse sliding table is driven by a plastic box feeding transverse air cylinder to slide back and forth along the plastic box feeding transverse sliding rail, a plastic box feeding vertical sliding rail is arranged on the plastic box feeding transverse sliding table, the plastic box feeding vertical sliding table is matched with the plastic box feeding vertical sliding rail in a sliding manner, and the plastic box feeding vertical sliding table is driven by a plastic box feeding vertical air cylinder to slide back and forth along the plastic box feeding vertical sliding rail;
the plastic case material loading mount pad is followed the moving direction of the horizontal slip table of plastic case material loading still is provided with the direction slide rail, the horizontal slip table of plastic case material loading still is provided with vertical slide rail, vertical slide rail activity is provided with the guide holder, the vertical slip table of plastic case material loading be equipped with the vertical spout that vertical slide rail is corresponding, vertical spout activity be provided with the installation piece that the guide holder corresponds, be provided with the installation pole on the installation piece, the bottom of installation pole is in proper order movable pass the guide holder reaches the direction slide rail, just the bottom of installation pole with the pneumatic suction head of plastic case material loading is fixed continuous.
Further, the paper card feeding mechanism comprises a paper card feeding vertical seat arranged on the machine base and a paper card feeding installation seat arranged on the paper card feeding vertical seat, a hopper used for storing paper cards is arranged on the paper card feeding installation seat, a paper outlet is formed in the bottom end of the hopper, a paper card feeding vertical sliding rail is arranged on the paper card feeding vertical seat, a paper card feeding vertical sliding table is movably arranged on the paper card feeding vertical sliding rail, the paper card feeding vertical sliding table is driven by a paper card feeding vertical cylinder to slide in a reciprocating mode along the paper card feeding vertical sliding rail, a rotating shaft is movably arranged on the paper card feeding vertical sliding table, a fixed seat is fixedly connected to the middle of the rotating shaft, a paper card feeding pneumatic suction head corresponding to the paper outlet of the hopper is arranged on the fixed seat, a rocker arm is fixedly connected to the end portion of the rotating shaft, a rocker arm pulley is arranged at the free end of the rocker arm, a limiting sliding chute is formed in the paper card feeding vertical seat along the moving direction of the paper card feeding vertical sliding table, and is matched with the limiting sliding chute; when the rocking arm pulley is followed when spacing spout slides, the rocking arm pulley passes through the rocking arm drive the pivot for the vertical slip table of paper card material loading rotates, forces the fixing base drive the synchronous upset of paper card material loading pneumatic suction head.
Furthermore, the limit chute is provided with a first chute wall and a second chute wall which are oppositely arranged, and the rocker arm pulley is movably arranged between the first chute wall and the second chute wall; the first groove wall is provided with a first vertical section, a first arc section, a second arc section, a third arc section and a second vertical section which are sequentially connected from top to bottom, and the second groove wall is provided with a third vertical section, a fourth arc section, a fifth arc section, a sixth arc section, a seventh arc section and a fourth vertical section which are sequentially connected from top to bottom;
the first vertical section and the second vertical section are positioned on the same vertical plane, and the third vertical section and the fourth vertical section are positioned on the same vertical plane; the joint of the first vertical section and the first circular arc section faces the center of the fourth circular arc section; the joint of the first circular arc section and the second circular arc section faces the center of the fifth circular arc section; the joint of the second circular arc section and the third circular arc section faces the center of the sixth circular arc section; the joint of the third circular arc segment and the second vertical segment faces the center of the seventh circular arc segment; the third vertical section and the fourth circular arc section are in tangent transition; the joint of the fourth circular arc section and the fifth circular arc section faces the center of the first circular arc section; the joint of the fifth circular arc segment and the sixth circular arc segment faces the center of the second circular arc segment; the joint of the sixth arc segment and the seventh arc segment faces the center of the third arc segment; the seventh arc section and the fourth vertical section are in tangent transition.
Further, the heat seal packaging mechanism comprises a heat seal mounting seat arranged on the base, a heat seal vertical sliding rail is arranged on the heat seal mounting seat, a heat seal vertical sliding table is movably arranged on the heat seal vertical sliding rail, the heat seal vertical sliding table is driven by a heat seal vertical cylinder to slide along the heat seal vertical sliding rail in a reciprocating mode, and the heat seal vertical sliding table is fixedly connected with a heat seal heating seat; when the index plate drives the discharging seat to enter the heat seal packaging mechanism, the heat seal vertical cylinder drives the heat seal vertical sliding table to move downwards, and the heat seal heating seat performs heat seal packaging on the plastic box and the paper card to manufacture the packaging box.
Further, the discharging mechanism comprises a discharging mounting seat arranged on the machine base and a discharging transmission belt arranged corresponding to the discharging mounting seat, a discharging transverse sliding rail is fixed on the discharging mounting seat, a discharging transverse sliding table is movably arranged on the discharging transverse sliding rail, the discharging transverse sliding table is driven by a discharging transverse air cylinder to slide in a reciprocating manner along the discharging transverse sliding rail, the discharging transverse sliding table is fixedly connected with a discharging vertical air cylinder, a discharging seat is fixed at the output end of the discharging vertical air cylinder, and a discharging pneumatic suction head corresponding to the plastic box positioning groove of the corresponding discharging seat is arranged on the discharging seat; when the dividing plate drives the corresponding discharging seat to move to the discharging station, the discharging pneumatic suction head sucks the packaging box corresponding to the plastic box positioning groove, and the packaging box is transferred to the discharging conveying belt under the matching action of the discharging vertical cylinder and the discharging horizontal cylinder.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention provides an automatic paper card blister packaging machine, which is characterized in that a multi-station dividing disc is arranged on a base, a discharging seat with a plastic box fixing groove is arranged on the dividing disc, and a plastic box forming device formed by matching an unwinding seat, a heating mechanism, a forming mechanism, a cutting mechanism and a material pulling mechanism is arranged on the base.
Compared with the existing paper card blister packaging machine, the paper card blister packaging machine has the advantages that the structure is simple and reasonable, the working procedures needing manual operation are greatly reduced through the cooperative work of the plurality of automatic mechanisms, the labor intensity and the production cost of workers are effectively reduced, and the working efficiency is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a top view of the present invention as a whole.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention as a whole.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the heating mechanism of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the molding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the material guiding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the cutting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a structural schematic diagram of the plastic case feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a structural schematic diagram of the plastic case feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of the paper card feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the paper card feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of a hopper in the paper card feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of a rotating shaft and a swing arm in the paper card feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic diagram of the track of the limiting chute in the card loading mechanism of the present invention.
FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of the heat sealing and packaging mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of the discharging mechanism of the present invention.
In FIGS. 1-15: 1. a machine base; A. a plastic box feeding station; B. a workpiece feeding station; C. a paper card feeding station; D. a heat seal packaging station; E. a discharge station; 2. an index plate; 21. a material placing seat; 22. a plastic box locating slot; 3. an unwinding seat; 4. a heating mechanism; 41. a heating mounting seat; 42. a heating seat is arranged; 43. a lower heating base; 44. heating the vertical slide rail; 45. heating the vertical sliding table; 46. heating the vertical cylinder; 5. a molding mechanism; 51. forming the mounting seat; 52. an upper die; 53. a lower die; 54. forming a vertical cylinder; 6. a cutting mechanism; 61. cutting the mounting seat; 62. cutting the base; 621. cutting a groove; 63. a cutter head; 64. cutting the vertical slide rail; 65. cutting a vertical sliding table; 66. cutting a vertical cylinder; 67. cutting the transverse sliding rail; 68. cutting the transverse sliding table; 681. a material transferring groove; 69. cutting a transverse cylinder; 7. a material pulling mechanism; 8. a plastic box feeding mechanism; 81. a plastic box feeding mounting seat; 82. a plastic box feeding transverse sliding table; 83. a plastic box feeding vertical sliding table; 831. a longitudinal chute; 84. a plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head; 85. a plastic box feeding transverse sliding rail; 86. a plastic box feeding vertical sliding rail; 87. a plastic box feeding vertical cylinder; 88. a guide slide rail; 89. a longitudinal slide rail; 891. a guide seat; 90. mounting blocks; 901. mounting a rod; 902. a guide bar; 9. a paper card feeding mechanism; 91. a paper card feeding vertical seat; 92. a paper card feeding mounting seat; 93. a hopper; 931. a paper outlet; 932. a paper blocking block; 94. a paper card feeding vertical sliding rail; 95. a vertical sliding table for feeding the paper card; 96. a paper card feeding vertical cylinder; 97. a rotating shaft; 98. a fixed seat; 981. a paper card feeding pneumatic suction head; 982. a rocker arm; 983. a rocker arm pulley; 100. a limiting chute; 1001. a first vertical section; 1002. a first arc segment; 1003. a second arc segment; 1004. a third arc segment; 1005. a second vertical section; 1006. a third vertical section; 1007. a fourth arc segment; 1008. a fifth arc segment; 1009. a sixth arc segment; 1010. a seventh arc segment; 1011. a fourth vertical section; 10. a heat seal packaging mechanism; 101. a heat seal mounting seat; 103. thermally sealing the vertical sliding table; 104. a vertical cylinder is thermally sealed; 105. a heat seal heating seat; 11. a discharging mechanism; 111. a discharging mounting seat; 112. a discharging conveying belt; 113. discharging a transverse sliding rail; 114. discharging a transverse sliding table; 115. a discharging transverse cylinder; 116. a discharge vertical cylinder; 117. a discharging seat; 118. discharging pneumatic suction head; 12. a material guiding mechanism; 121. a material guide mounting seat; 122. a material guide plate; 123. a front guide chute; 124. a material guiding upright post; 125. an electric roller; 126. installing a shaft; 127. a roller; 128. and a rear guide chute.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 to 15, the automatic packaging machine includes a base 1 and a multi-station index plate 2 disposed on the base 1, wherein the index plate 2 is uniformly provided with a plurality of material placing seats 21 along a circumferential direction, the material placing seats 21 are provided with plastic box positioning grooves 22, and in this embodiment, each material placing seat 21 is provided with three plastic box positioning grooves 22. In operation, the indexing disc 2 drives the discharging seat 21 to rotate, so that the plastic boxes in the plastic box positioning grooves 22 are moved to the corresponding packaging stations.
The machine base 1 is provided with a plastic box forming device for forming plastic films into plastic boxes, the plastic box forming device comprises an unreeling base 3, a heating mechanism 4, a forming mechanism 5, a cutting mechanism 6 and a pulling mechanism 7, one end of each plastic film is wound on the unreeling base 3, the other end of each plastic film is connected with the pulling mechanism 7, the pulling mechanism 7 pulls the plastic films in a preset step length to sequentially pass through the heating mechanism 4, the forming mechanism 5 and the cutting mechanism 6 from the unreeling base 3, wherein the heating mechanism 4 is used for heating and softening the passing plastic films, the forming mechanism 5 is used for pressing and forming the heated plastic films, and the cutting mechanism 6 is used for cutting the formed plastic films to manufacture the plastic boxes meeting the packaging requirements.
The frame 1 is further provided with a plastic box feeding station A, a workpiece feeding station B, a paper card feeding station C, a heat sealing packaging station D and a discharging station E in sequence around the index plate 2, the plastic box feeding station A is provided with a plastic box feeding mechanism 8 for transferring a plastic box to corresponding plastic box positioning grooves 22 through a cutting mechanism 6, the workpiece feeding station B is used for putting workpieces to be packaged into the plastic box, the paper card feeding station C is provided with a paper card feeding mechanism 9 for placing paper cards into the corresponding plastic box positioning grooves 22, the heat sealing packaging station D is provided with a heat sealing mechanism 10 for bonding the plastic box and the paper cards to form a packaging box, and the discharging station E is provided with a discharging mechanism 11 for taking the packaging box out of the corresponding plastic box positioning grooves 22.
The invention provides an automatic paper card blister pack machine, during operation, one end of a plastic film disc is wound on an unwinding seat 3, the other end of the plastic film is connected to a material pulling mechanism 7, the plastic film is pulled by the material pulling mechanism 7 in a preset step length to pass through a heating mechanism 4, a forming mechanism 5 and a cutting mechanism 6 from the unwinding seat 3 in sequence, so that heating softening, forming and cutting of the plastic film are completed in sequence, the cut plastic box is automatically transferred to a discharging seat 21 positioned at a plastic feeding station by a plastic box feeding mechanism 8, the discharging seat 21 with the plastic box is continuously moved along with an index plate 2, a workpiece to be packed is manually put into the plastic box at a workpiece feeding station B, when the plastic box with the workpiece put into moves to a paper card feeding station C along with the discharging seat 21, the paper card feeding mechanism 9 automatically transfers the paper card in a hopper 93 to the plastic box, then, a heat sealing packing station D is performed, the plastic box is subjected to heat sealing, and packing is finally, and a paper card packing cycle is automatically performed at a paper card packing station E, so that a paper card packing machine 11 can finish a paper packing cycle. Compared with the existing paper card blister packaging machine, the paper card blister packaging machine has a simple and reasonable structure, greatly reduces the procedures needing manual operation by the cooperative work of a plurality of automatic mechanisms, effectively reduces the labor intensity of workers and the production cost, and improves the working efficiency.
Specifically, in this embodiment, referring to fig. 3, the heating mechanism 4 includes a heating mounting seat 41 disposed on the base 1 and a heating component disposed on the heating mounting seat 41, the heating component includes an upper heating seat 42 and a lower heating seat 43, the upper heating seat 42 is fixedly connected to the heating mounting seat 41, a heating vertical sliding rail 44 is further disposed on the heating mounting seat 41, a heating vertical sliding table 45 is movably disposed on the heating vertical sliding rail 44, the heating vertical sliding table 45 is driven by a heating vertical cylinder 46 to slide back and forth along the heating vertical sliding rail 44, and the lower heating seat 43 is fixed on the heating vertical sliding table 45. When the plastic film enters the heating mechanism 4 under the pulling of the material pulling mechanism 7, namely the plastic film passes between the upper heating seat 42 and the lower heating seat 43, the heating vertical cylinder 46 drives the lower heating seat 43 to move upwards through the heating vertical sliding table 45, and the plastic film is heated and softened by the matching of the upper heating seat 42 and the lower heating seat 43.
In this embodiment, referring to fig. 4, the forming mechanism 5 includes a forming mounting seat 51 disposed on the base 1 and a forming assembly disposed on the forming mounting seat 51, the forming assembly includes an upper die 52 and a lower die 53, the lower die 53 is fixed on the forming mounting seat 51, the forming mounting seat 51 is further provided with a forming vertical cylinder 54, and the upper die 52 is fixed on an output end of the forming vertical cylinder 54; when the heated plastic film enters the forming mechanism 5 under the pulling of the material pulling mechanism 7, the forming vertical cylinder 54 drives the upper die 52 to move downwards, so that the upper die 52 and the lower die 53 are closed, the plastic film is subjected to compression forming by matching the upper die 52 and the lower die 53, and the plastic film has a forming part for subsequent packaging. In this embodiment, the upper mold 52 and the lower mold 53 each have three molding positions, so that when the plastic film enters the molding mechanism 5, three molding portions are formed in parallel on the plastic film.
In order to enable the formed plastic film to smoothly enter the cutting mechanism 6, a material guiding mechanism 12 is further disposed between the forming mechanism 5 and the cutting mechanism 6, referring to fig. 5, the material guiding mechanism 12 includes a material guiding mounting seat 121 disposed on the machine base 1, the material guiding mounting seat 121 is sequentially provided with a front material guiding assembly and a rear material guiding assembly along the moving direction of the plastic film, the front material guiding assembly includes a plurality of material guiding plates 122 disposed side by side, a front material guiding groove 123 for the formed portion of the plastic film to pass through is formed between two adjacent material guiding plates 122, the rear material guiding assembly includes a material guiding upright 124 disposed on the material guiding mounting seat 121, an electric roller 125 and an installation shaft 126 are respectively movably disposed on the material guiding upright 124, a plurality of rollers 127 corresponding to the material guiding plates 122 are fixed on the installation shaft 126, a rear material guiding groove 128 for the formed portion of the plastic film to pass through is formed between two adjacent rollers 127, specifically, the front material guiding grooves 123 and the rear material guiding groove 128 are three, so as to form a complete set with the forming mechanism 5. The motorized roller 125 cooperates with the roller 127 to drive the plastic film towards the cutting mechanism 6.
In the embodiment, referring to fig. 6, the cutting mechanism 6 includes a cutting mounting base 61 arranged on the base 1 and a cutting assembly arranged on the cutting mounting base 61, the cutting assembly includes a cutting base 62 and a cutting head 63, the cutting base 62 is fixed on the cutting mounting base 61, the cutting base 62 is provided with cutting grooves 621 adapted to the forming portion of the plastic film, specifically, the cutting grooves 621 are also three, the cutting mounting base 61 is provided with cutting vertical sliding rails 64, the cutting vertical sliding rails 64 are movably provided with cutting vertical sliding tables 65, the cutting vertical sliding tables 65 are driven by cutting vertical cylinders 66 to slide back and forth along the cutting vertical sliding rails 64, the cutting head 63 is fixed on the cutting vertical sliding tables 65, the cutting mounting base 61 is further provided with cutting horizontal sliding rails 67, the cutting horizontal sliding rails 67 are located below the cutting base 62, the cutting horizontal sliding rails 67 are movably provided with cutting horizontal sliding tables 68, the cutting horizontal sliding tables 68 are driven by cutting horizontal cylinders 69 to slide back and forth along the cutting horizontal sliding rails 67, the cutting horizontal sliding tables 68 are provided with material shifting grooves 681 corresponding to the cutting grooves 621, the cutting grooves are also three are arranged one by one-to one another; when the plastic film enters the cutting mechanism 6 under the pulling of the material pulling mechanism 7, the cutting vertical cylinder 66 drives the cutting tool bit 63 to move downwards through the cutting vertical sliding table 65, the cutting seat 62 and the cutting tool bit 63 are matched to cut the plastic film, the plastic box formed by cutting falls into the material moving groove 681 of the cutting horizontal sliding table 68 through the cutting groove 621, and the cutting horizontal cylinder 69 drives the cutting horizontal sliding table 68 to move forwards so as to transfer the plastic box to the plastic box feeding mechanism 8. It should be noted that the cut plastic film waste is directly recycled by the pulling mechanism 7.
In this embodiment, referring to fig. 7 and 8, the plastic case feeding mechanism 8 includes a plastic case feeding mount seat 81, a plastic case feeding transverse sliding table 82, a plastic case feeding vertical sliding table 83, and a plastic case feeding pneumatic suction head 84, the plastic case feeding mount seat 81 is disposed on the base 1, a plastic case feeding transverse sliding rail 85 is disposed on the plastic case feeding mount seat 81, the plastic case feeding transverse sliding table 82 is in sliding fit with the plastic case feeding transverse sliding rail 85, the plastic case feeding transverse sliding table 82 is driven by a plastic case feeding transverse cylinder (not shown in the figure) to slide back and forth along the plastic case feeding transverse sliding rail 85, a plastic case feeding vertical sliding rail 86 is disposed on the plastic case feeding transverse sliding table 82, the plastic case feeding vertical sliding table 83 is in sliding fit with the plastic case feeding vertical sliding rail 86, and the plastic case feeding vertical sliding table 83 is driven by the plastic case feeding vertical cylinder 87 to slide back and forth along the plastic case feeding vertical sliding rail 86.
In order to enable the plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head 84 to move back and forth between the cutting mechanism 6 and the plastic box positioning groove 22 of the indexing disk 2 more precisely, so that the feeding accuracy is higher, the plastic box feeding mounting seat 81 is further provided with a guide slide rail 88 along the moving direction of the plastic box feeding transverse slide table 82, specifically, one end of the guide slide rail faces the cutting transverse slide table 68, and the other end faces the plastic box positioning groove 22 of the indexing disk 2. The horizontal slip table 82 of plastic box material loading still is provided with vertical slide rail 89, the activity of vertical slide rail 89 is provided with guide holder 891, the vertical slip table 83 of plastic box material loading is equipped with the vertical spout 831 corresponding with vertical slide rail 89, the activity of vertical spout 831 is provided with the installation piece 90 corresponding with guide holder 891, be provided with installation pole 901 on the installation piece 90, guide holder 891 and direction slide rail 88 are passed in the activity in proper order to the bottom of installation pole 901, and the bottom of installation pole 901 links to each other with the pneumatic suction head 84 of plastic box material loading is fixed. In order to improve the vertical movement accuracy of the mounting bar 901, the mounting block 90 is further provided with a guide bar 902 which is slidably engaged with the guide seat 891.
When the plastic box is loaded (i.e. the cutting horizontal sliding table 68 moves to the position corresponding to the plastic box loading mechanism 8), firstly, the plastic box loading vertical sliding table 83 is driven by the plastic box loading vertical air cylinder 87 to move downwards along the plastic box loading vertical sliding rail 86, and then the plastic box feeding vertical sliding table 83 drives the mounting block 90, the mounting rod 901 and the plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head 84 to synchronously move downwards, when the plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head 84 is close to the cutting transverse sliding table 68, the plastic box in the material moving groove 681 is sucked by the plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head 84, then the plastic box feeding vertical cylinder 87 drives the plastic box feeding vertical sliding table 83, the mounting block 90, the mounting rod 901 and the plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head 84 to move upwards synchronously, the plastic box feeding transverse air cylinder drives the plastic box feeding transverse sliding table 82 to move towards the direction of the dividing disc 2 along the plastic box feeding transverse sliding rail 85, in the process of moving the plastic box feeding transverse sliding table 82, the plastic box feeding vertical sliding table 83 also moves synchronously with the plastic box feeding transverse sliding table 82, at this time, under the matching action of the guide slide rails 88, the longitudinal slide rails 89, the longitudinal slide grooves 831 and the pulleys, the mounting block 90 slides relative to the longitudinal slide grooves 831, the guide seats 891 also slide relative to the longitudinal slide rails 89, so that the mounting rod 901 drives the plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head 84 to move along the guide slide rail 88 towards the feeding seat 21 of the dividing plate 2, when the plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head 84 is positioned right above the plastic box positioning groove 22 of the discharging seat 21, the plastic box feeding vertical cylinder 87 drives the plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head 84 to move downwards again through the plastic box feeding vertical sliding table 83, and finally the plastic box is placed into the plastic box positioning groove 22 through the plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head 84, so that the plastic box feeding operation is completed. After the plastic box feeding is completed, all parts of the plastic box feeding mechanism 8 reset in sequence, and the material is moved after waiting.
When the indexing disc 2 drives the discharging seat 21 to move from the plastic box feeding station A to the workpiece feeding station B, workpieces to be packaged are manually put into the plastic boxes.
In this embodiment, referring to fig. 9 to 13, the paper card feeding mechanism 9 includes a paper card feeding vertical seat 91 disposed on the base 1 and a paper card feeding mounting seat 92 disposed on the paper card feeding vertical seat 91, and a hopper 93 for storing paper cards is disposed on the paper card feeding mounting seat 92, that is, the paper cards are stacked in the hopper 93. The bottom end of the hopper 93 is provided with a paper outlet 931. Preferably, the hopper 93 is vertically arranged so as to facilitate the subsequent paper suction operation, a plurality of paper blocking blocks 932 are convexly arranged at the paper outlet 931 of the hopper 93, and the paper blocking blocks 932 are used for preventing the paper card from falling from the paper outlet 931 under the action of gravity.
The paper card feeding vertical seat 91 is provided with a paper card feeding vertical slide rail 94, the paper card feeding vertical slide rail 94 is movably provided with a paper card feeding vertical slide table 95, the paper card feeding vertical slide table 95 is driven by a paper card feeding vertical cylinder 96 to slide in a reciprocating manner along the paper card feeding vertical slide rail 94, the paper card feeding vertical slide table 95 is movably provided with a rotating shaft 97, the middle part of the rotating shaft 97 is fixedly connected with a fixed seat 98, the fixed seat 98 is provided with a paper card feeding pneumatic suction head 981 corresponding to a paper outlet 931 of a hopper 93, the end part of the rotating shaft 97 is fixedly connected with a rocker arm 982, the free end of the rocker arm 982 is provided with a rocker arm pulley 983, the paper card feeding vertical seat 91 is provided with a limiting slide groove 100 along the movement direction of the paper card feeding vertical slide table 95, and the rocker arm pulley 983 is in sliding fit with the limiting slide groove 100; when the rocker arm pulley 983 slides along the limiting sliding groove 100, the rocker arm pulley 983 drives the rotating shaft 97 to rotate relative to the paper card feeding vertical sliding table 95 through the rocker arm 982, so that the fixed seat 98 is forced to drive the paper card feeding pneumatic suction head 981 to turn synchronously.
Specifically, the limiting chute 100 has a first chute wall and a second chute wall which are oppositely arranged, and the pulley is movably arranged between the first chute wall and the second chute wall; the first groove wall is provided with a first vertical section 1001, a first arc section 1002, a second arc section 1003, a third arc section 1004 and a second vertical section 1005 which are sequentially connected from top to bottom, and the second groove wall is provided with a third vertical section 1006, a fourth arc section 1007, a fifth arc section 1008, a sixth arc section 1009, a seventh arc section 1010 and a fourth vertical section 1011 which are sequentially connected from top to bottom.
The first vertical section 1001 and the second vertical section 1005 are located on the same vertical plane, and the third vertical section 1006 and the fourth vertical section 1011 are located on the same vertical plane; the joint I of the first vertical section 1001 and the first arc section 1002 faces the center of the fourth arc section 1007; the joint F of the first arc segment 1002 and the second arc segment 1003 faces the center of the fifth arc segment 1008; the joint G of the second arc segment 1003 and the third arc segment 1004 faces the center of the sixth arc segment 1009; the joint H of the third circular arc segment 1004 and the second vertical segment 1005 faces the center of the seventh circular arc segment 1010; the third vertical section 1006 and the fourth arc section 1007 are in tangent transition; the joint J of the fourth arc segment 1007 and the fifth arc segment 1008 faces the center of the first arc segment 1002; the joint K of the fifth arc segment 1008 and the sixth arc segment 1009 faces the center of the second arc segment 1003; the joint L of the sixth arc segment 1009 and the seventh arc segment 1010 faces the center of the third arc segment 1004; the seventh arc segment 1010 and the fourth vertical segment 1011 are in tangent transition. Therefore, in the movement process of the rocker arm pulley 983 along the limiting sliding groove 100, when the rocker arm pulley 983 is in contact with the connecting parts, the rocker arm pulley 983 can drive the rocker arm 982 to swing relative to the paper card feeding vertical sliding table 95, so that the rotating shaft 97 is driven to rotate relative to the paper card feeding vertical sliding table 95, and the fixed seat 98 and the paper card feeding pneumatic suction head 981 are enabled to turn synchronously.
Preferably, the farthest vertical distance from the vertical plane of the third vertical section 1006 to the second circular arc section 1003 is equal to the length of the rocker arm 982, so that when the rocker arm pulley 983 slides from the top end of the limiting chute 100 to the center of the second circular arc section, the rocker arm pulley 983 drives the rotating shaft 97 to rotate 90 ° relative to the vertical sliding table 95 for feeding the paper cards through the rocker arm 982, so that the pneumatic suction head 981 for feeding the paper cards synchronously turns 90 °. Furthermore, the limiting sliding groove 100 is disposed in an axisymmetric manner with respect to the center line of the second circular arc segment 1003, so that when the rocker pulley 983 moves from the top end of the limiting sliding groove 100 to the bottom end thereof, the paper card feeding pneumatic head 981 can turn 180 ° with respect to the paper card feeding vertical sliding table 95, that is, the suction end of the paper card feeding pneumatic head 981 can turn from vertical upward to vertical downward, so as to smoothly move the paper card from the hopper 93 to the plastic box of the plastic box positioning groove 22.
When the index plate 2 drives the discharging seat 21 to move to the paper card feeding station C, the paper outlet 931 of the hopper 93 is located right above the plastic box positioning groove 22, when a paper card is fed, the paper card feeding pneumatic head 981 firstly sucks the paper card located at the bottommost end of the hopper 93, then, the paper card feeding vertical cylinder 96 drives the paper card feeding vertical sliding table 95 to vertically move down along the paper card feeding vertical sliding rail 94, at the same time, the rotating shaft 97 and the rocker arm 982 synchronously move down along with the paper card feeding vertical sliding table 95, in the process, the rocker arm pulley 983 on the rocker arm 982 also slides along the limiting sliding groove 100, under the matching action of the rocker arm pulley 983 and the limiting sliding groove 100, the rocker arm pulley 983 drives the rotating shaft 97 to rotate relative to the paper card feeding vertical sliding table 95 through the rocker arm 982, the fixed seat 98 drives the paper card feeding pneumatic head 981 to synchronously turn over, so that the paper card feeding pneumatic head 981 is aligned with the plastic card positioning groove 22 at the plastic card feeding end of the paper card feeding pneumatic head 981 (namely, when the paper card feeding pneumatic head 981 is successfully turned over, the paper card feeding pneumatic head 981 is also turned over again, and the paper card feeding pneumatic head 981 is turned over the paper card feeding pneumatic head 981 and then the paper card feeding sliding table 981 is turned over again, and the paper card feeding pneumatic head is turned over on the plastic box positioning groove 981, and the paper card is again, and the paper card feeding pneumatic sliding table 981 is again, and then the paper card is again, and the paper card feeding pneumatic head is turned over the paper card feeding pneumatic sliding table 981 is turned over.
In the embodiment, referring to fig. 14, the heat sealing packaging mechanism 10 includes a heat sealing mounting seat 101 disposed on a base 1, a heat sealing vertical sliding rail is disposed on the heat sealing mounting seat 101, the heat sealing vertical sliding rail is movably provided with a heat sealing vertical sliding table 103, the heat sealing vertical sliding table 103 is driven by a heat sealing vertical cylinder 104 to slide back and forth along the heat sealing vertical sliding rail, and the heat sealing vertical sliding table 103 is fixedly connected with a heat sealing heating seat 105; when the index plate 2 drives the material placing seat 21 to enter the heat sealing and packaging mechanism 10, the heat sealing vertical air cylinder 104 drives the heat sealing vertical sliding table 103 to move downwards, and the heat sealing and heating seat 105 performs heat sealing and packaging on the plastic box and the paper card to form the packaging box.
In this embodiment, referring to fig. 15, the discharging mechanism 11 includes a discharging mounting base 111 disposed on the base 1 and a discharging conveyor belt 112 disposed corresponding to the discharging mounting base 111, a discharging transverse slide rail 113 is fixed on the discharging mounting base 111, a discharging transverse slide rail 114 is movably disposed on the discharging transverse slide rail 113, the discharging transverse slide rail 114 is driven by a discharging transverse cylinder 115 to slide back and forth along the discharging transverse slide rail 113, the discharging transverse slide rail 114 is fixedly connected with a discharging vertical cylinder 116, a discharging base 117 is fixed at an output end of the discharging vertical cylinder 116, and a discharging pneumatic suction head 118 corresponding to a plastic box positioning groove of the corresponding discharging base 21 is mounted on the discharging base 117; when the index plate 2 drives the corresponding discharging seat 21 to move to the discharging station E, the discharging pneumatic suction head 118 sucks up the packaging box in the corresponding plastic box positioning groove, and transfers the packaging box to the discharging conveying belt 112 under the matching action of the discharging vertical cylinder 116 and the discharging horizontal cylinder 115.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and all equivalent changes or modifications of the structure, characteristics and principles described in the present invention are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. An automatic packaging machine, characterized in that: the multi-station indexing mechanism comprises a base and a multi-station indexing disc arranged on the base, wherein a plurality of discharging seats are uniformly distributed on the indexing disc along the circumferential direction, and plastic box positioning grooves are formed in the discharging seats;
the plastic box forming device comprises an unreeling seat, a heating mechanism, a forming mechanism, a cutting mechanism and a material pulling mechanism, wherein one end of a plastic film is wound on the unreeling seat, the other end of the plastic film is connected with the material pulling mechanism, the material pulling mechanism pulls the plastic film to pass through the heating mechanism, the forming mechanism and the cutting mechanism in sequence from the unreeling seat by a preset step length, the heating mechanism is used for heating and softening the passing plastic film, the forming mechanism is used for pressing and forming the heated plastic film, and the cutting mechanism is used for cutting the formed plastic film to manufacture the plastic box meeting the packaging requirement;
the machine base is further sequentially provided with a plastic box feeding station, a finished piece feeding station, a paper card feeding station, a heat sealing packaging station and a discharging station in a surrounding mode, the plastic box feeding station is provided with a plastic box feeding mechanism used for transferring a plastic box to the corresponding plastic box positioning groove through the cutting mechanism, the finished piece feeding station is used for putting a finished piece to be packaged into the plastic box, the paper card feeding station is provided with a paper card feeding mechanism used for placing a paper card into the corresponding plastic box positioning groove, the heat sealing packaging station is provided with a heat sealing packaging mechanism used for enabling the plastic box and the paper card to be bonded to form a packaging box, and the discharging station is provided with a discharging mechanism used for taking the packaging box out of the corresponding plastic box positioning groove;
the paper card feeding mechanism comprises a paper card feeding vertical seat arranged on the machine seat and a paper card feeding installation seat arranged on the paper card feeding vertical seat, wherein a hopper used for storing paper cards is arranged on the paper card feeding installation seat, a paper outlet is formed in the bottom end of the hopper, the paper card feeding vertical seat is provided with a paper card feeding vertical slide rail, the paper card feeding vertical slide rail is movably provided with a paper card feeding vertical slide rail, the paper card feeding vertical slide rail is driven by a paper card feeding vertical cylinder to slide in a reciprocating mode along the paper card feeding vertical slide rail, the paper card feeding vertical slide rail is movably provided with a rotating shaft, the middle of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a fixed seat, a paper card feeding pneumatic suction head corresponding to the paper outlet of the hopper is arranged on the fixed seat, a rocker arm is fixedly connected to the end portion of the rotating shaft, a rocker arm pulley is arranged at the free end of the rocker arm, the paper card feeding vertical seat is provided with a limiting slide groove along the movement direction of the paper card feeding vertical slide rail, and the rocker arm is matched with the limiting slide groove; when the rocker pulley slides along the limiting sliding groove, the rocker pulley drives the rotating shaft to rotate relative to the paper card feeding vertical sliding table through the rocker arm, so that the fixed seat drives the paper card feeding pneumatic suction head to synchronously turn;
the limiting sliding groove is provided with a first groove wall and a second groove wall which are oppositely arranged, and the rocker arm pulley is movably arranged between the first groove wall and the second groove wall; the first groove wall is provided with a first vertical section, a first circular arc section, a second circular arc section, a third circular arc section and a second vertical section which are sequentially connected from top to bottom, and the second groove wall is provided with a third vertical section, a fourth circular arc section, a fifth circular arc section, a sixth circular arc section, a seventh circular arc section and a fourth vertical section which are sequentially connected from top to bottom;
the first vertical section and the second vertical section are positioned on the same vertical plane, and the third vertical section and the fourth vertical section are positioned on the same vertical plane; the joint of the first vertical section and the first circular arc section faces the center of the fourth circular arc section; the joint of the first arc section and the second arc section faces the center of the fifth arc section; the joint of the second circular arc section and the third circular arc section faces the center of the sixth circular arc section; the joint of the third circular arc segment and the second vertical segment faces the center of the seventh circular arc segment; the third vertical section and the fourth circular arc section are in tangent transition; the joint of the fourth arc segment and the fifth arc segment faces the center of the first arc segment; the joint of the fifth circular arc segment and the sixth circular arc segment faces the center of the second circular arc segment; the joint of the sixth arc segment and the seventh arc segment faces the center of the third arc segment; the seventh arc section and the fourth vertical section are in tangent transition.
2. The automatic packaging machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the heating mechanism comprises a heating installation seat arranged on the machine base and a heating assembly arranged on the heating installation seat, the heating assembly comprises an upper heating seat and a lower heating seat, the upper heating seat is fixedly connected with the heating installation seat, the heating installation seat is also provided with a heating vertical sliding rail, the heating vertical sliding rail is movably provided with a heating vertical sliding table, the heating vertical sliding table is driven by a heating vertical cylinder to slide along the heating vertical sliding rail in a reciprocating manner, and the lower heating seat is fixed on the heating vertical sliding table; when the plastic film gets into when heating mechanism, the vertical cylinder of heating passes through the drive of the vertical slip table of heating the lower heating seat shifts up, by go up the heating seat with the cooperation of lower heating seat is heated the softening to the plastic film.
3. The automatic packaging machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the forming mechanism comprises a forming mounting seat arranged on the machine base and a forming assembly arranged on the forming mounting seat, the forming assembly comprises an upper die and a lower die, the lower die is fixed on the forming mounting seat, a forming vertical cylinder is further arranged on the forming mounting seat, and the upper die is fixed at the output end of the forming vertical cylinder; when the heated plastic film enters the forming mechanism, the forming vertical cylinder drives the upper die to move downwards, so that the upper die and the lower die are closed, and the upper die and the lower die are matched to carry out compression molding on the plastic film.
4. The automatic packaging machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the plastic film cutting machine is characterized in that a material guiding mechanism is further arranged between the forming mechanism and the cutting mechanism and comprises a material guiding installation seat arranged on the machine base, a front material guiding assembly and a rear material guiding assembly are sequentially arranged on the material guiding installation seat along the movement direction of a plastic film, the front material guiding assembly comprises a plurality of material guiding plates arranged in parallel, a front material guiding groove for a forming part of the plastic film to pass through is formed between every two adjacent material guiding plates, the rear material guiding assembly comprises a material guiding upright arranged on the material guiding installation seat, an electric roller and an installation shaft are movably arranged on the material guiding upright respectively, a plurality of rollers corresponding to the material guiding plates one by one are fixed on the installation shaft, a rear material guiding groove for the forming part of the plastic film to pass through is formed between every two adjacent rollers, and the electric roller is matched with the rollers to drive the plastic film to move towards the cutting mechanism.
5. The automatic packaging machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the cutting mechanism comprises a cutting mounting seat arranged on the machine base and a cutting assembly arranged on the cutting mounting seat, the cutting assembly comprises a cutting seat and a cutting tool bit, the cutting seat is fixed on the cutting mounting seat, a cutting groove adaptive to a forming part of a plastic film is formed in the cutting seat, a cutting vertical sliding rail is arranged on the cutting mounting seat, a cutting vertical sliding table is movably arranged on the cutting vertical sliding rail and driven by a cutting vertical air cylinder to slide in a reciprocating manner along the cutting vertical sliding rail, the cutting tool bit is fixed on the cutting vertical sliding table, a cutting transverse sliding rail is further arranged on the cutting mounting seat and is positioned below the cutting seat, a cutting transverse sliding table is movably arranged on the cutting transverse sliding rail and driven by a cutting transverse air cylinder to slide in a reciprocating manner along the cutting transverse sliding rail, and a material moving groove corresponding to the cutting groove is formed in the cutting transverse sliding table; when the plastic film gets into during cutting mechanism, the vertical cylinder of cutting passes through the drive of the vertical slip table of cutting the cutter head moves down, by the cutting seat with the cooperation of cutter head cuts the plastic film, through the plastic casing that the cutting formed by the cutting groove drops extremely the material inslot that moves of the horizontal slip table of cutting, and by the drive of the horizontal cylinder of cutting the horizontal slip table of cutting moves forward to transfer the plastic casing extremely plastic casing feed mechanism.
6. The automatic packaging machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the plastic box feeding mechanism comprises a plastic box feeding installation seat, a plastic box feeding transverse sliding table, a plastic box feeding vertical sliding table and a plastic box feeding pneumatic suction head, the plastic box feeding installation seat is arranged on the machine base, a plastic box feeding transverse sliding rail is arranged on the plastic box feeding installation seat, the plastic box feeding transverse sliding table is matched with the plastic box feeding transverse sliding rail in a sliding mode, the plastic box feeding transverse sliding table is driven by a plastic box feeding transverse air cylinder to slide in a reciprocating mode along the plastic box feeding transverse sliding rail, a plastic box feeding vertical sliding rail is arranged on the plastic box feeding transverse sliding table, the plastic box feeding vertical sliding table is matched with the plastic box feeding vertical sliding rail in a sliding mode, and the plastic box feeding vertical sliding table is driven by a plastic box feeding vertical air cylinder to slide in a reciprocating mode along the plastic box feeding sliding rail;
the plastic case material loading mount pad is followed the moving direction of the horizontal slip table of plastic case material loading still is provided with the direction slide rail, the horizontal slip table of plastic case material loading still is provided with vertical slide rail, vertical slide rail activity is provided with the guide holder, the vertical slip table of plastic case material loading be equipped with the vertical spout that vertical slide rail is corresponding, vertical spout activity be provided with the installation piece that the guide holder corresponds, be provided with the installation pole on the installation piece, the bottom of installation pole is in proper order movable pass the guide holder reaches the direction slide rail, just the bottom of installation pole with the pneumatic suction head of plastic case material loading is fixed continuous.
7. The automatic packaging machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the heat seal packaging mechanism comprises a heat seal mounting seat arranged on the base, a heat seal vertical sliding rail is arranged on the heat seal mounting seat, a heat seal vertical sliding table is movably arranged on the heat seal vertical sliding rail, the heat seal vertical sliding table is driven by a heat seal vertical air cylinder to slide along the heat seal vertical sliding rail in a reciprocating mode, and the heat seal vertical sliding table is fixedly connected with a heat seal heating seat; when the index plate drives the discharging seat to enter the heat seal packaging mechanism, the heat seal vertical cylinder drives the heat seal vertical sliding table to move downwards, and the heat seal heating seat performs heat seal packaging on the plastic box and the paper card to manufacture the packaging box.
8. The automatic packaging machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the discharging mechanism comprises a discharging mounting seat arranged on the machine base and a discharging transmission belt arranged corresponding to the discharging mounting seat, a discharging transverse sliding rail is fixed on the discharging mounting seat, a discharging transverse sliding table is movably arranged on the discharging transverse sliding rail, the discharging transverse sliding table is driven by a discharging transverse cylinder to slide along the discharging transverse sliding rail in a reciprocating manner, the discharging transverse sliding table is fixedly connected with a discharging vertical cylinder, a discharging seat is fixed at the output end of the discharging vertical cylinder, and a discharging pneumatic suction head corresponding to a plastic box positioning groove of the corresponding discharging seat is arranged on the discharging seat; when the dividing plate drives the corresponding discharging seat to move to the discharging station, the discharging pneumatic suction head sucks the packaging box corresponding to the plastic box positioning groove, and the packaging box is transferred to the discharging conveying belt under the matching action of the discharging vertical cylinder and the discharging horizontal cylinder.
CN201710376175.6A 2017-05-25 2017-05-25 Automatic packaging machine Active CN107054768B (en)

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CN108190146B (en) * 2017-12-26 2024-02-09 广州达意隆包装机械股份有限公司 Sheet punching heat sealing device
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