CN106990411A - Contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system - Google Patents

Contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106990411A
CN106990411A CN201710360225.1A CN201710360225A CN106990411A CN 106990411 A CN106990411 A CN 106990411A CN 201710360225 A CN201710360225 A CN 201710360225A CN 106990411 A CN106990411 A CN 106990411A
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subsystem
early warning
data
side slope
long
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Inventor
薛凯喜
何松
刘帅
梁炯丰
胡艳香
王荣鲁
王胜平
杨国华
叶莉莉
何兰超
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East China Institute of Technology
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East China Institute of Technology
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S17/00Systems using the reflection or reradiation of electromagnetic waves other than radio waves, e.g. lidar systems
    • G01S17/02Systems using the reflection of electromagnetic waves other than radio waves
    • G01S17/06Systems determining position data of a target
    • G01S17/08Systems determining position data of a target for measuring distance only
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S17/00Systems using the reflection or reradiation of electromagnetic waves other than radio waves, e.g. lidar systems
    • G01S17/88Lidar systems specially adapted for specific applications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal condition and not otherwise provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/10Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to calamitous events, e.g. tornados or earthquakes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal condition and not otherwise provided for
    • G08B21/18Status alarms
    • G08B21/182Level alarms, e.g. alarms responsive to variables exceeding a threshold
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N7/00Television systems
    • H04N7/18Closed-circuit television [CCTV] systems, i.e. systems in which the video signal is not broadcast

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Remote Sensing (AREA)
  • Emergency Management (AREA)
  • Computer Networks & Wireless Communication (AREA)
  • Radar, Positioning & Navigation (AREA)
  • Business, Economics & Management (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Geology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Multimedia (AREA)
  • Signal Processing (AREA)
  • Emergency Alarm Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system device, the early warning system is gathered by wire cloud data and long-distance transmission subsystem, data processing platform (DPP) subsystem, live alarming device subsystem, portable terminal are shown and early warning subsystem and power supply unit subsystem are constituted.The system and device can not only measure displacement and the deformation of slopes fixed point, and can be scanned by automatic cruising to data processing terminal transmission continuity cloud data, and then the slopes attitudes vibration figure of multiple timings contrast display is converted to by data processing platform (DPP), finally synchronous early warning can be realized by the portable terminals such as mobile phone and live alarming device.

Description

Contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system
Art
The present invention relates to slope geological monitoring and early warning field, more particularly to a kind of slope deforming long distance monitoring and warning system System.
Background technology
In recent years, with the rapid economic development of China, nationwide interior increasing capital construction is gradually from fair Countryside is turned to, rural area mountain area is turned to from city.Many construction projects in order to consider the factors such as occupation of land, cost, efficiency and applicability, The engineering geological condition that it is built is poor, and especially road traffic engineering construction or mountain region Industrial and Civil Engineering is built During often occur that high cutting-slope, or even part engineering project are built directly in potential large landslide area, potential safety hazard pole Greatly.If these side slopes, which produce the geological disasters such as avalanche, landslide, to bring serious threat to the safety of life and property of the people, together When also result in national economy by heavy losses.
Landslide is the sliding geological phenomenon that shear breakage of the slope Rock And Soil along insertion occurs.Its catastrophe mechanism table Integral slipping unstability is presented in the shearing strength for now having exceeded the face for shear stress on a certain slide surface;Produce the basic bar on landslide Part is that have sliding space before Inclination body, and there is cut surface both sides.Such as In Southwest China, particularly southwestern Hills, most base This topography and landform character is exactly that massif is numerous, and mountain shape is steep, and soil texture is loose, and easy ponding, cheuch river is dispersed throughout massif Among, mutually cutting therewith, thus form numerous Inclination bodies and cut surface with enough sliding spaces.Avalanche refers to steep Sillar, the soil body under gravity, occur unexpected inclining and fall motion drastically, mostly occurred more than 60 °~70 ° on hillside On slope.In recent years, influenceed by global extreme climate, slope geological is also more and more, respectively the ground-to-ground early warning of matter disaster And prevent and treat the attention degree of problem and also step up.
For the demand, domestic and foreign scholars propose multiple means and side for slope geological early-warning and predicting problem Method, normally behaves as the monitoring measurement to slopes internal stress strained situation or slope-mass slide displacement, and carry out according to its situation of change Real-time warning.For slope-mass slide displacement monitoring, traditional slope displacement monitoring mode has two kinds:One kind is deep hole displacement prison Survey, the main horizontal displacement that underground Rock And Soil is monitored using deep hole inclinometer;Another is ground displacement, is mainly surveyed Change in displacement situation of several domatic fixing points with the time is determined, so as to reach the purpose of monitoring.According to the automation of monitoring means Degree, the monitoring of side slope Rock And Soil deformation can be divided into the field monitoring and unattended automatic monitoring two of Attended mode again Kind:Field monitoring generally by manual patrol and the change in displacement situation of measurement record slopes each point position, but this mode people, Financial resources consumption is larger and monitoring effect is not obvious, inapplicable in the less place of mankind's activity;Automatic monitoring is most to carry instantly The monitoring method advocated, it is divided into local monitoring again and long distance monitors two kinds, and their essential distinction is to take measurement data Processing locality or long-distance transmission processing, it is clear that the latter's scope of application is more extensive.
Currently, long distance monitoring and warning system relies primarily on digital camera or laser range finder during gathered data, such as Wu Lixin, Wang Zhi, Liu Chunbo have invented In Situ Displacement of Slope and the remote quick monitoring alarm of posture and method, and it uses number Code-phase machine shoots remote slip mass target image, and passes through characteristic matchings of the " based on image local assemblage characteristic vector set " Method, carries out characteristic matching and target identification to the slip mass target image that different time is shot, recycles Handheld laser to survey Distance meter obtains relative distance information.The requirement of this method logarithmic code camera is high, and digital camera mal-condition out of doors Uncontrollable phenomenon, and high expensive easily occur down.Meanwhile, by video camera to observation body carry out shooting matching characteristic, apart from because Element influence is larger, and tiny characteristic is difficult to, and observes result generation of the vegetation trees of body easily to this observation procedure larger partially Difference, and vegetation trees are larger by seasonal effect, therefore the degree of accuracy of this method external monitor out of office needs to be investigated;Zhao Yu, Cui Peng, section Xiao Kangfa understands a kind of intelligent geological calamity synthetic monitoring system and multi-stage prediction analysis method, and mainly deep deformation is entered Row monitoring, the monitoring on its top layer mainly uses multiple Fixed Point Laser rangefinders, carries out ranging to selected object, has the disadvantage measuring point Less, consumptive material is more, during actual installation there is also it is cumbersome the problems such as.
Based on above-mentioned judgement, a set of contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intelligence of exploitation is needed badly in slope geological field Can monitoring and warning system, make its stable state according to residing for domatic section variation situation intuitively studies and judges slopes, delimit early warning Rank, sends to geological disaster control stategy department immediately while being studied and judged result, and sends warning information at the scene, so as to realize The purpose of the multi-party dynamic response of monitoring and warning.
The content of the invention
The content of the invention is summarized
In order to overcome existing monitoring system side slope fixed point monitoring poor intuition, the shortcoming such as data volume is insufficient, the present invention provides one Contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system is planted, the system can not only measure the displacement of slopes fixed point And deformation, and can be scanned by automatic cruising to data processing terminal transmission continuity cloud data, and then by counting The slopes attitudes vibration figure of multiple timings contrast display is converted to according to processing platform, finally can by portable terminals such as mobile phones and Live alarming device realizes synchronous early warning.
The technical problem intended to solve and the technical scheme taken
The technical problem intended to solve includes:(1)The collection and transmission of slopes critical section wire cloud data;(2)Slopes posture The processing of multiple timings cloud data, terminal are shown and scene warning;(3)The stable power-supplying of monitoring system.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that:
(1)The present invention is made up of five parts, respectively the collection of wire cloud data and long-distance transmission subsystem, data processing platform (DPP) Subsystem, portable terminal are shown and early warning subsystem, live alarming device subsystem and power supply unit subsystem.Wherein, remove Portable terminal show and early warning subsystem and data processing platform (DPP) subsystem outside, other parts are erected near side slope In the strong electric pole of stability, building or ad hoc rod-like device, the slope that general distance is monitored is no more than 100m, from And ensure the acquisition precision of cloud data.
(2)Wire cloud data gather and long-distance transmission subsystem by high precision laser range finder and can 180 degree vertically turn Dynamic head is constituted, and above-mentioned two instrument is all connected with wireless data transmission module, and synchronized transmission telemeter distance data and head corner Data, so as to realize the collection and transmission work of live wire cloud data.
(3)Data processing platform (DPP) subsystem receives the distant of long distance monitoring subsystem collection by the wireless data transmission module of pairing Range data and head angle data are surveyed, and is automatically processed by program and is converted into shelving section posture figure, and can be passed through Internet pushes multiple timings shelving change comparison diagram immediately to portable terminal and early warning subsystem, and can be according to being previously set Alarm threshold value show slope stability state and warning level, while aforementioned stable state is passed immediately by wireless data transmission module Transport to live prior-warning device subsystem.
(4)Portable terminal is shown and early warning subsystem is the figure explicit program specially developed, and is specially arranged on mobile phone etc. just Take on formula equipment, in addition to multiple timings shelving posture comparison diagram is shown, moreover it is possible to pass through sounds warning information according to stable state.
(5)Live alarming device subsystem is made up of wireless instructions receiver and loudspeaker, and wherein wireless instructions are received The integrated polychrome fluorescent tube of device, obtains after the instruction that the transmission of data processing sub-platform is arrived at, shows not homochromy according to landslide warning level Coloured silk, loudspeaker is with representing highest level color and luster(Such as red)Fluorescent tube it is in parallel, approach the instruction of unstability threshold limit value when receiving Afterwards automatically by audible alarm.
(6)Power supply unit subsystem, it is different with weather conditions according to live electric power facility, preferentially from wind-driven generator, Folk power supply net is connected from solar panel or directly again;Needed when being powered from wind-driven generator or solar panel Battery is equipped with, and ensures that electric power storage battery storage capacity is not less than continued power 24 hours;To ensure cloud data and long-distance transmission System data acquisition precision, electric power system needs integrated Voltagre regulator.
The beneficial effect of invention
Beneficial effects of the present invention are mainly manifested in following four aspects:
(1)Can 180 degree automatic cruising head carry high precision laser range finder can realize the set section wire point cloud number of slopes According to acquisition, it is few to solve routine monitoring early warning system data volume, the low shortcoming of precision;
(2)Data processing platform (DPP) transmits shelving posture sectional drawing to hand-portable terminal, and shows that multiple timings shelving posture is broken Face comparison chart and its stable state and warning level data, it is more directly perceived relative to traditional monitoring means.
(3)The live integrated polychrome color lamp tube of early warning subsystem, and the warning level classification transmitted by data processing platform (DPP) is aobvious Show warning information, effectively increase hedging reliability.Highest level early warning fluorescent tube is in parallel with loudspeaker, realizes high-grade early warning sound Phototiming warns operation.
(4)Supplied for electronic System Priority selects wind power plant, can realize uninterrupted power supply in wet weather point, more can guarantee that pre- The long-term work efficiency of alert system;The measurement accuracy of field monitoring instrument can be ensured after integrated voltage-stabilized device.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the principle assumption diagram of the field device of geological disaster long distance intellectual monitoring early warning;
Fig. 2 is contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system monitoring and prediction analysis method block diagram;
1. laser range finder in figure;2. automatic cruising head;3. wireless data transmission system device;4. solar panel;5. wind-force Generator;6. ultra high-definition long distance laser monitor video camera round the clock;7. alarm;8. support bar.
Embodiment
The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
In Fig. 1, high precision laser range finder(1)Be placed in can 180 degree vertical rotating head(2)On, side slope carries out 24 Hour uninterrupted cruise scanning, and pass through connected wireless data transmission module(3)Synchronized transmission telemeter distance data and head Angle data to Remote data processing platform, data processing platform (DPP) system receives the distant of collection by the wireless data transmission module of pairing Range data and head angle data are surveyed, and is automatically processed by program and is converted into shelving section posture figure, while by mutual Network and push multiple timings shelving change comparison diagram immediately to portable terminal and early warning subsystem, and according to the alarm being previously set Threshold value shows slope stability state and warning level, while by aforementioned stable state by wireless data transmission module instantaneous transmission to now The audible-visual annunciator of field prior-warning device subsystem(7), to realize the purpose of ready-made alarm.Each monitoring system at monitoring ground scene The supply of electric power for module of uniting is dispatched by power supply unit subsystem, and power supply subsystem can be according to live electric power facility and weather conditions Difference, preferentially from wind-driven generator(5), next selects solar panel(4)Or directly connect folk power supply net;From wind Power generator(5)Or solar panel(4)The electric power system can be equipped with battery during power supply, and ensure electric power storage battery storage capacity not Less than continued power 24 hours;Installed to ensure in cloud data and long-distance transmission subsystem data acquisition precision, electric power system Integrated Voltagre regulator.When warning level reaches highest level, not only audible-visual annunciator(7)Sound and light alarm can be started simultaneously, Relevant staff can also laser monitor be imaged round the clock by calling the high definition long distance installed on monitoring ground local supervising and measuring equipment Machine(6)Real-time pictures are monitored, the situation of change at real-time monitored scene confirms real-time catastrophe situation.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system, including the collection of wire cloud data and Long-distance transmission subsystem, data processing platform (DPP) subsystem, portable terminal are shown and early warning subsystem, live alarming device subsystem Five parts such as system and power supply unit subsystem.
2. contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system according to claim 1, its work Flow characteristics are:" wire cloud data gather and long-distance transmission subsystem " gathered data and real-time Transmission is to " data processing is put down Station subsystem " carries out Data Management Analysis, while in the analysis processing result of portable terminal display data;When " data processing Platform subsystem " is to sending early warning after Data Management Analysis, then the system can send a command to " live alarming device subsystem System ", when the wireless instructions receiver of " live alarming device subsystem " receives alarm command can according to landslide early warning rank The different color of display is warned, when early warning reaches highest level, can be synchronous in the fluorescent tube color display of highest level Triggering loudspeaker alarm is alarmed.
3. " the line in contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system according to claim 1 Shape cloud data is gathered and long-distance transmission subsystem ", it is characterized in that:The subsystem is by wire cloud data acquisition module and data Long-distance transmission module is constituted, and wire cloud data acquisition module is integrated on the head that achievable vertical 180 degree is rotated, head 24 Hour uninterruptedly carries out reciprocating 180 degree automatic cruising scanning, scans obtained range data and is transmitted by wireless data transmission technology To " data processing platform (DPP) subsystem ".
4. " the number in contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system according to claim 1 According to processing platform subsystem ", it is characterized in that going out shelving section posture figure, multiple timings shelving appearance by computer program control real-time rendering State comparison diagram, trend prediction figure, can be then classified by the program to early warning, be referred to while the program can send early warning automatically Order to " live warning subsystems ", and it is synchronous in portable terminal to show early warning situation.
5. it is " existing in contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system according to claim 1 Field alarming device subsystem ", it is characterized in that:It is made up of wireless instructions receiver connection audible-visual annunciator.
6. in contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system according to claim 1 " just The formula terminal of taking is shown and early warning subsystem ", it is characterized in that loading special figure explicit program on portable terminal, it can be looked into by the program See multiple timings shelving posture figure and shelving posture detail parameters, when warning level reaches it is high-level when, the program can actively be sent Prompt tone, and recall early warning interface to pass on warning information in terminal.
7. " supplying in contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system according to claim 1 Electric equipment subsystem ", it is characterized in that preferentially selecting wind-driven generator, selects solar panel or directly connects civilian confession again Power network, to ensure cloud data and long-distance transmission subsystem data acquisition precision, electric power system needs integrated Voltagre regulator.
CN201710360225.1A 2017-05-24 2017-05-24 Contactless side slope falling and landslide hazards long distance intellectual monitoring early warning system Pending CN106990411A (en)

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CN107967789A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-04-27 何旭连 A kind of efficient natural calamity automatic early-warning system
CN109118719A (en) * 2018-09-04 2019-01-01 福建奇点时空数字科技有限公司 A kind of geological disaster monitoring system based on big data
CN110095073A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-08-06 中铁十六局集团第一工程有限公司 A kind of safety monitoring slope system and method
CN110164104A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-08-23 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Fault early warning method, device and equipment based on failure sorted
CN111982004A (en) * 2020-09-09 2020-11-24 中国五冶集团有限公司 High and steep slope geological disaster monitoring and early warning structure and early warning method
CN112185091A (en) * 2020-09-01 2021-01-05 深圳市地质局(深圳市地质灾害应急抢险技术中心) Geological disaster field monitoring system
CN114333247A (en) * 2022-01-07 2022-04-12 威海兴海源网具有限公司 Disaster detection early warning system
CN114485454A (en) * 2022-04-07 2022-05-13 山东省地质矿产勘查开发局八〇一水文地质工程地质大队(山东省地矿工程勘察院) Deformation detection device for dam soil slope
CN115223337A (en) * 2022-06-30 2022-10-21 山东大学 Automatic monitoring and early warning system and method for dike seepage

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107967789A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-04-27 何旭连 A kind of efficient natural calamity automatic early-warning system
CN109118719A (en) * 2018-09-04 2019-01-01 福建奇点时空数字科技有限公司 A kind of geological disaster monitoring system based on big data
CN110095073A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-08-06 中铁十六局集团第一工程有限公司 A kind of safety monitoring slope system and method
CN110164104A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-08-23 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Fault early warning method, device and equipment based on failure sorted
CN112185091A (en) * 2020-09-01 2021-01-05 深圳市地质局(深圳市地质灾害应急抢险技术中心) Geological disaster field monitoring system
CN111982004A (en) * 2020-09-09 2020-11-24 中国五冶集团有限公司 High and steep slope geological disaster monitoring and early warning structure and early warning method
CN114333247A (en) * 2022-01-07 2022-04-12 威海兴海源网具有限公司 Disaster detection early warning system
CN114485454A (en) * 2022-04-07 2022-05-13 山东省地质矿产勘查开发局八〇一水文地质工程地质大队(山东省地矿工程勘察院) Deformation detection device for dam soil slope
CN114485454B (en) * 2022-04-07 2022-06-24 山东省地质矿产勘查开发局八〇一水文地质工程地质大队(山东省地矿工程勘察院) Deformation detection device for dam soil slope
CN115223337A (en) * 2022-06-30 2022-10-21 山东大学 Automatic monitoring and early warning system and method for dike seepage

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