CN202434011U - Automatic monitoring and alarming system for forest fire - Google Patents

Automatic monitoring and alarming system for forest fire Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202434011U
CN202434011U CN2012200414925U CN201220041492U CN202434011U CN 202434011 U CN202434011 U CN 202434011U CN 2012200414925 U CN2012200414925 U CN 2012200414925U CN 201220041492 U CN201220041492 U CN 201220041492U CN 202434011 U CN202434011 U CN 202434011U
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China
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data
fire
intelligent
control
monitoring
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CN2012200414925U
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Chinese (zh)
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毛振刚
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毛振刚
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an automatic monitoring and alarming system for a forest fire, wherein the main technical characteristic is that the automatic monitoring and alarming system for the forest fire consists of a remote monitoring system, a geographic information system and a short message alarming system. The remote monitoring system comprises a data acquisition system, a data transmission system and a control and command system, wherein data acquisition system comprises a camera, a lens, a heavy digital universal cloud platform, a cloud mirror decoder, a firework identification intelligent processor, an intelligent image processor, a weather station and an intelligent power supply system. The control and command system comprises a data radio station, a DVR (Digital Video Record), a monitoring and commanding platform, a liquid crystal seamless splicing screen and a video tape recorder. The geographic information system comprises a data server, a client and a GPS (Global Positioning System) receiver. Taking geographic information as the center, the automatic monitoring and alarming system combines mature 3S technology, microwave communication technology and computer technology to form a management system which integrates fire-proof information management, forest administration resource management and biological construction management so as to achieve digitalized and scientific management of forests.

Description

Forest fire is monitoring and warning system automatically

Technical field

The utility model belongs to the monitoring safety-security area, and especially a kind of forest fire is monitoring and warning system automatically.

Background technology

[0002] forest fire is the important disaster of global forestry, causes the heavy losses of the forest reserves and global environmental pollution.The randomicity characteristics that forest fire has is sudden, disaster takes place, the characteristics that can bring about great losses in the short time.

In China; The forestry fire prevention is the emphasis and the difficult point of forestry management work always, and it is concerning the every aspect of national economy such as national forestry safety, environmental protection, eco-tour and people life property safety, and the monitoring method of present domestic employing mainly contains: 1. ground is patrolled: main task is to spread propaganda among the masses; Control artificial burning things which may cause a fire disaster; Go deep into the dead angle of lookout tower observation and go on patrol, to dealing personnel and vehicle, open-air production and life are checked with fire and are supervised.The deficiency that exists be patrol area little, have tunnel vision, when confirming fire location, often rugged, the forest is dense occurs than mistake because of terrain; Have inconvenient traffic, meagrely-populated remote mountain areas, can't carry out ground and patrol, need with various traffic fare and personnel's cost of labor.The monitoring of ② observation tower: Shi Tong Guo observes the observation tower generation of forest fires, confirms the place that fire takes place, and the report condition of a fire, its advantage are that coverage rate is big, effect is better.The deficiency that exists: the remote forest zone that is no living condition can not the She observation tower; Its observing effect receives the restriction of terrain, and coverage rate is little, and dead angle and blank are arranged, and does not observe, and can't observe the larger area scene of a fire, ember and the underground fire that the smog is heavy; Thunder and lightning weather can't be gone up tower and observe; Lookout is the method that a kind of Yi Kao watchkeeper's experience is observed, and accuracy rate is low, and error is big.Ling Wai watchkeeper personal safety receives the threat of thunder and lightning, wild animal, tick-borne encephalitis etc.3. aviation is patrolled: be to utilize to patrol the detection that aircraft carries out forest fires.Its advantage be patrol that the visual field is wide, maneuverability is big, speed soon simultaneously to around the scene of a fire and intensity of a fire development can accomplish complete observation, can in time adopt an effective measure.But also exist deficiency: night, strong wind weather, cloudy visibility are difficult to take off when low, make an inspection tour receiving the restriction of course line, time simultaneously, and range of observation are little; Can only observe a certain forest zone once a day, as miss observation opportunity, the forest fire on the same day does not observe yet; Lead to terrible disaster easily, 2000 yuan/hour of fixedly flight expenses, cost is high; Rent the aircraft expensive, flight expense wretched insufficiency.4. satellite remote sensing: utilize polar orbiting meteorological satellite, road resource satellite, geostationary satellite, low orbit satellite to survey forest fires; Can find focus; Monitoring scene of a fire situation about spreading, in time scene of a fire information is provided; Make forest fire danger forecasting with the remote sensing means, with satellite digital data estimation burnt area.Its investigative range is wide, gather data is fast, can obtain the continuity data, the dynamic change of reflection fire, and also data collection do not receive the influence of topographic condition, and image is vivid.The deficiency that exists: the NOAA-AVHRR accuracy rate is low, needs ground cost great amount of manpower and material resources, financial resources to examine, especially ungetable place, and the condition of a fire is examined very important, and when focus reached 3 pixels, fire caused disaster basically.

Though through forest fire protection capital construction for many years; Still the outstanding problem that exists some can not be ignored in the forest fire protection development of China; Particularly, be faced with the scientific and informationalized decision analysis level of aspects such as how improving fire size class prediction, fire damage assessment, fire daily management, fire remote sensing monitoring to the concrete work of forest fire protection; During strengthening fire prevention, in the current check and management work in forest zone, how to adopt advanced modern information technologies, set up efficient, reliable, practical forest fires purpose monitoring early warning system; In a single day fire takes place, and how can find out the condition of a fire rapidly, analyzes the formulation fire extinguishing scheme of the intensity of a fire, science and dispatch on-the-spot fire extinguishing power etc.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of the utility model is to have overcome not enough in the past; With the geography information is the center; 3S technology, short-wave communication tedhnology and the computer technology of maturation are combined; Formation collection fire prevention information management, woods political affairs resource management, ecological construction management are the management system of one, have realized forest zone administering digitalization, scientific.

The utility model solves its technical matters and takes following technical scheme to realize:

Constitute by long distance control system, GIS-Geographic Information System and short message alarm system; Long distance control system comprises data acquisition system (DAS), data transmission system, control and command system; Wherein, Data acquisition system (DAS) is installed on the Ji Ta; Data acquisition system (DAS) comprises video camera, camera lens, heavy digital universal turning bench, cloud mirror demoder, pyrotechnics identification intelligent processor, intelligent image processor, weather station, intelligent power supply system, and cloud mirror demoder, pyrotechnics identification intelligent processor, intelligent image processor, intelligent power supply system place in the intelligent constant-temperature control box; Control and command system comprise data radio station, DVR, control and command platform, the seamless spliced large-size screen monitors of liquid crystal, video recorder; GIS-Geographic Information System comprises data server, client, GPS receiver; Short message alarm system is bound with GIS-Geographic Information System and is combined, and adds the MODEN that the GSM module is a core; Pyrotechnics identification intelligent processor, intelligent image processor input end link to each other with video camera respectively; Output terminal links to each other with cloud mirror demoder respectively; Weather station, cloud mirror demoder link to each other with data radio station with client through data transmission system, and data radio station links to each other respectively with DVR, control and command platform, and DVR connects the seamless spliced large-size screen monitors of liquid crystal then; Video recorder links to each other with the control and command platform, and data server, GPS receiver link to each other with client respectively.

And; Described data transmission system adopts microwave transmission; Microwave transmission system is made up of transmitting terminal and receiving end, and transmitting terminal comprises microwave transmitter, special-purpose stabilized voltage supply, microwave emitting antenna, and receiving end comprises microwave receiver, microwave signal amplifier, receiving antenna.

And described camera lens adopts multi-grid optical filtering camera lens, the built-in rotating disk that the color filter center is consistent with primary optical axis all the time.

And described intelligent power supply system adopts sun power, wind energy associating power supply, and the ups power electric power storage guarantees to supply power in 72 hours.

And; Described weather station is made up of wind transducer, air velocity transducer, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, data acquisition unit, data terminal processor, system power supply, communication cable and lightning protection and humiture thermometer screen, erecting frame; Four kinds of sensors link to each other with data acquisition unit respectively; Data acquisition unit links to each other with the data terminal processor, and the data terminal processor is passed to control and command system through data transmission system.

The advantage and the good effect of the utility model are:

1, the utility model adopts the forest fires placement technology; Have presetting bit, running orbit editor, real-time echo location information function, utilize the digital The Cloud Terrace in the front-end collection system, in GIS-Geographic Information System, each control point is carried out geocoding; Coordinate with each control point directly is bundled on the electronic chart simultaneously; In a single day GIS-Geographic Information System receives the position data of the digital The Cloud Terrace passback of specific coding like this, through setting up certain location conversion mathematical model, realizes positioning function; Simultaneously, system possesses the artificial positioning function of realization.

2, the utlity model has the aid decision making function, the GIS infosystem can provide the team that puts out the fire recently to go to condition of a fire point shortest path and lead to the on-the-spot main roads and the traffic capacity, the position of fire-blocking belt is provided and rushes towards the important informations such as time in the scene of a fire.

3, the utility model condition of a fire spreading trend is deduced function; According to fire risk rating forecast and fire behavior analytical model, dynamically deduce direction, area, speed and the intensity of fire spread in conjunction with information such as current fiery position of putting, wind direction, temperature, humidity, surface temperature, vegetation, operating personnel can arrange the scene of a fire situation map of repeatedly marking and drawing in chronological order; Continuous playing function is arranged; Behind the given correlation parameter that dynamically obtains, carry out the fire behavior sunykatuib analysis, can simulate the Future Time section scene of a fire and spread the result; Prediction condition of a fire developing state is for the line boss provides the scientific decision foundation.

4, the utility model is the center with the geography information; 3S technology, short-wave communication tedhnology and the computer technology of maturation are combined; Formation collection fire prevention information management, woods political affairs resource management, ecological construction management are the management system of one, have avoided original manual work to watch from a height or a distance the limitation of observing the condition of a fire, have realized forest zone administering digitalization, scientific; Significantly reduce the expense expenditure and the handling cost of forest department, improved the effect of forest zone enterprise.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is that the system of the utility model connects block diagram.

Fig. 2 is that the system of the utility model weather station connects block diagram.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model embodiment is done further detailed description:

Like Fig. 1, shown in 2; The described a kind of forest fire of the utility model is monitoring and warning system automatically; Constitute by long distance control system, GIS-Geographic Information System and short message alarm system; Long distance control system comprises data acquisition system (DAS), data transmission system, control and command system, and wherein, data acquisition system (DAS) is installed on the Ji Ta; Data acquisition system (DAS) comprises video camera, camera lens, heavy digital universal turning bench, cloud mirror demoder, pyrotechnics identification intelligent processor, intelligent image processor, weather station, intelligent power supply system, and cloud mirror demoder, pyrotechnics identification intelligent processor, intelligent image processor, intelligent power supply system place in the intelligent constant-temperature control box; Control and command system comprise data radio station, DVR, control and command platform, the seamless spliced large-size screen monitors of liquid crystal, video recorder; GIS-Geographic Information System comprises data server, client, GPS receiver; Short message alarm system is bound with GIS-Geographic Information System and is combined, and adds the MODEN that the GSM module is a core; Pyrotechnics identification intelligent processor, intelligent image processor input end link to each other with video camera respectively; Output terminal links to each other with cloud mirror demoder respectively; Weather station, cloud mirror demoder link to each other with data radio station with client through data transmission system, and data radio station links to each other respectively with DVR, control and command platform, and DVR connects the seamless spliced large-size screen monitors of liquid crystal then; Video recorder links to each other with the control and command platform, and data server, GPS receiver link to each other with client respectively.

The structure and the principle of work of the utility model are as shown in Figure 1; Each data acquisition system (DAS) has the absolute address coding in the system; And the coordinate of each data acquisition system (DAS) is corresponding one by one with the position in the GIS-Geographic Information System, goes the rounds the forest zone condition of a fire in monitor coverage area territory through the digital The Cloud Terrace that is installed in the front-end collection station, in case find the condition of a fire; Generalized information system receives the position data of the digital The Cloud Terrace passback of particular address coding, can realize fiery point location function; Simultaneously, start the relevant leader of note distribution platform very first time notice fire prevention and the personnel on backstage; System can also provide the team that puts out the fire recently to go to condition of a fire point shortest path and lead to the on-the-spot main roads and the traffic capacity; The position and the back-fire relief ability of fire-blocking belt are provided; And the important informations such as time of rushing towards the scene of a fire, relevant leader can carry out the remote scheduling commander in Surveillance center.

On GIS-Geographic Information System; Utilize the 1:50000 topomap to carry out digitized processing and generate electronic chart, and make, can carry out macro adjustments and controls the forest fires of putting out a fire to save life and property according to actual operating position layering; Command whole action of putting out the fire; The action of on map, putting out the fire is is simultaneously marked and drawed, and condition of a fire situation is followed the tracks of, and putting out a fire to save life and property for the scene of a fire provides aid decision making; According to different needs, GIS carries out statistical study to database data, generates all kinds of thematic maps, realizes that resource management is information-based; Through GIS-Geographic Information System, can on electronic chart, digitizing show the ownership of monitoring regional forest farm, the forest zone area, the plantation seed of forest, tree-walk, the height of tree, the age of tree make things convenient for the forest zone department head to get information about the forest zone overview.

Monitoring server in the control and command platform provides the management by different level to the front-end collection workstation, to user's classification rights management; The user can be as required through network with front end audio, video data real-time storage on central server; Server database has write down all presenting and displaying video asset information (video file can be to be distributed in each acquisition workstation or server), warning message, control point information, other data message; The general user can be in the unified any information that he is authorized of interface inquiry through the WEB game server; For the network environment of not supporting multicast between front end and the center, server provides the data forwarding that unicasts to multicast, and a plurality of personnel at center check that the real-time stream of front end saves bandwidth in a large number like this.

The weather station is made up of wind transducer, air velocity transducer, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, data acquisition unit, data terminal processor, system power supply, communication cable and lightning protection and humiture thermometer screen, erecting frame; Four kinds of sensors link to each other with data acquisition unit respectively; Data acquisition unit links to each other with the data terminal processor, and the data terminal processor is passed to control and command system through data transmission system.

It is emphasized that; The described embodiment of the utility model is illustrative; Rather than it is determinate; Therefore the utility model is not limited to the embodiment described in the embodiment, every by those skilled in the art according to other embodiments that the technical scheme of the utility model draws, belong to the scope of the utility model protection equally.

Claims (5)

1. a forest fire is monitored and warning system automatically; It is characterized in that: constitute by long distance control system, GIS-Geographic Information System and short message alarm system; Long distance control system comprises data acquisition system (DAS), data transmission system, control and command system; Wherein, Data acquisition system (DAS) is installed on the Ji Ta, and data acquisition system (DAS) comprises video camera, camera lens, heavy digital universal turning bench, cloud mirror demoder, pyrotechnics identification intelligent processor, intelligent image processor, weather station, intelligent power supply system, and cloud mirror demoder, pyrotechnics identification intelligent processor, intelligent image processor, intelligent power supply system place in the intelligent constant-temperature control box; Control and command system comprise data radio station, DVR, control and command platform, the seamless spliced large-size screen monitors of liquid crystal, video recorder; GIS-Geographic Information System comprises data server, client, GPS receiver; Short message alarm system is bound with GIS-Geographic Information System and is combined, and adds the MODEN that the GSM module is a core; Pyrotechnics identification intelligent processor, intelligent image processor input end link to each other with video camera respectively; Output terminal links to each other with cloud mirror demoder respectively; Weather station, cloud mirror demoder link to each other with data radio station with client through data transmission system, and data radio station links to each other respectively with DVR, control and command platform, and DVR connects the seamless spliced large-size screen monitors of liquid crystal; Video recorder links to each other with the control and command platform, and data server, GPS receiver link to each other with client respectively.
2. forest fire according to claim 1 is monitoring and warning system automatically; It is characterized in that: described data transmission system adopts microwave transmission; Microwave transmission system is made up of transmitting terminal and receiving end; Transmitting terminal comprises microwave transmitter, special-purpose stabilized voltage supply, microwave emitting antenna, and receiving end comprises microwave receiver, microwave signal amplifier, receiving antenna.
3. forest fire according to claim 1 is monitoring and warning system automatically, it is characterized in that: described camera lens adopts multi-grid optical filtering camera lens, the built-in rotating disk that the color filter center is consistent with primary optical axis all the time.
4. forest fire according to claim 1 is monitoring and warning system automatically, it is characterized in that: described intelligent power supply system adopts sun power, wind energy associating power supply, and the ups power electric power storage guarantees to supply power in 72 hours.
5. forest fire according to claim 1 is monitoring and warning system automatically; It is characterized in that: described weather station is made up of wind transducer, air velocity transducer, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, data acquisition unit, data terminal processor, system power supply, communication cable and lightning protection and humiture thermometer screen, erecting frame; Four kinds of sensors link to each other with data acquisition unit respectively; Data acquisition unit links to each other with the data terminal processor, and the data terminal processor is passed to control and command system through data transmission system.
CN2012200414925U 2012-02-09 2012-02-09 Automatic monitoring and alarming system for forest fire CN202434011U (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103236130A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-08-07 成都市晶林科技有限公司 Forest fireproof monitoring system capable of inquiring fire situation place easily
CN103247132A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-08-14 成都市晶林科技有限公司 Monitor terminal with field environment testing function for forest-fire prevention
CN103280056A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-09-04 成都市晶林科技有限公司 Double-communication forest fire prevention monitoring terminal
CN103354007A (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-10-16 龙岩市方圆经济技术开发有限公司 Forest fire hazard monitoring method and device
CN104112326A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-22 桂林市思奇通信设备有限公司 Front-end recognizing and wireless transmission system and method for forest fire prevention
CN105096508A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-11-25 中国电子科技集团公司第三十八研究所 Forest-fire-prevention digital informatization integration command system
CN105761410A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-07-13 洪明 Forest fire prevention precaution device based on Internet of Things
CN106355807A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-01-25 江苏金米智能科技有限责任公司 Forest fire control and pre-warning system
CN106355810A (en) * 2016-11-20 2017-01-25 广西大学 Intelligent positioning managing system for fire hazard based on cloud server
CN106781215A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-05-31 成都缔客行势网络科技有限公司 The real-time fire detector system of vision formula
CN108076325A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-05-25 太仓鼎诚电子科技有限公司 A kind of network video monitor and control system
CN108510692A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-09-07 中永(苏州)信息技术有限公司 The forest fire early warning method of moonlet combination infrared sensing network
CN110070701A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-07-30 北京全景大观旅游规划设计研究院有限公司 A kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting and application
CN110517433A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-11-29 深圳云感物联网科技有限公司 Forest Fire Prevention Direction based on GIS dispatches system

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103236130A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-08-07 成都市晶林科技有限公司 Forest fireproof monitoring system capable of inquiring fire situation place easily
CN103247132A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-08-14 成都市晶林科技有限公司 Monitor terminal with field environment testing function for forest-fire prevention
CN103280056A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-09-04 成都市晶林科技有限公司 Double-communication forest fire prevention monitoring terminal
CN103354007A (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-10-16 龙岩市方圆经济技术开发有限公司 Forest fire hazard monitoring method and device
CN103354007B (en) * 2013-07-12 2015-09-16 龙岩市方圆经济技术开发有限公司 forest fire monitoring method and device thereof
CN104112326A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-22 桂林市思奇通信设备有限公司 Front-end recognizing and wireless transmission system and method for forest fire prevention
CN105096508A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-11-25 中国电子科技集团公司第三十八研究所 Forest-fire-prevention digital informatization integration command system
CN105761410A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-07-13 洪明 Forest fire prevention precaution device based on Internet of Things
CN106355807A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-01-25 江苏金米智能科技有限责任公司 Forest fire control and pre-warning system
CN106355810A (en) * 2016-11-20 2017-01-25 广西大学 Intelligent positioning managing system for fire hazard based on cloud server
CN106781215A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-05-31 成都缔客行势网络科技有限公司 The real-time fire detector system of vision formula
CN108076325A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-05-25 太仓鼎诚电子科技有限公司 A kind of network video monitor and control system
CN108510692A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-09-07 中永(苏州)信息技术有限公司 The forest fire early warning method of moonlet combination infrared sensing network
CN110070701A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-07-30 北京全景大观旅游规划设计研究院有限公司 A kind of data monitoring based on geography information survey system, early warning, methods of exhibiting and application
CN110517433A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-11-29 深圳云感物联网科技有限公司 Forest Fire Prevention Direction based on GIS dispatches system

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