CN106984577B - A kind of air-liquid wipes three-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning device and its application method - Google Patents

A kind of air-liquid wipes three-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning device and its application method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106984577B
CN106984577B CN201710302890.5A CN201710302890A CN106984577B CN 106984577 B CN106984577 B CN 106984577B CN 201710302890 A CN201710302890 A CN 201710302890A CN 106984577 B CN106984577 B CN 106984577B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power generation
photovoltaic power
generation plate
plate
step
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Application number
CN201710302890.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106984577A (en
Inventor
刘娜娜
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上海达巧康新材料科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2016110433234 priority Critical
Priority to CN201611043323 priority
Application filed by 上海达巧康新材料科技有限公司 filed Critical 上海达巧康新材料科技有限公司
Publication of CN106984577A publication Critical patent/CN106984577A/en
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Publication of CN106984577B publication Critical patent/CN106984577B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/024Cleaning by means of spray elements moving over the surface to be cleaned
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/006Wipes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/02Cleaning by the force of jets, e.g. blowing-out cavities
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of air-liquid, wipe three-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning device, it further include wireless launcher including device for hanging and supporting, the driving device being located in the device for hanging and supporting, the lifting apparatus for being located at the cleaning main body being close to below the device for hanging and supporting and with photovoltaic power generation plate sunny slope, being located at below the cleaning main body;A kind of application method of cleaning device, comprising the following steps: step 1 adjusts the lifting apparatus;Step 2, installation;Step 3, mobile and u-turn;Step 4, cleaning;Step 5, disassembly;Present invention is particularly suitable for high-order small-scale photovoltaic power generation plate is installed on by bracket, it can be convenient installation, dismantle and then each photovoltaic power generation plate can be cleaned;It can also be by turning around automatically or the modes such as turn around move back and forth along photovoltaic power generation plate manually, to be cleaned multiple times;The present invention can also clean photovoltaic power generation plate by various ways such as jet, hydrojet, chamois leather scourings.

Description

A kind of air-liquid wipes three-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning device and its application method

Technical field

The present invention relates to photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning technique fields, and in particular to a kind of air-liquid wipes three-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate Cleaning device and its application method.

Background technique

Steam-electric power plant is often mounted in field environment, and field environment often has dusty wind weather.Equipment makes With for a long time, the impurity such as sand and dust will be gradually deposited at the surface of solar energy photovoltaic panel, influence solar energy photovoltaic panel to the sun The absorption of energy, and then the generating efficiency of equipment is influenced, also it be easy to cause the failure of solar energy photovoltaic panel.It therefore, be to the sun It can the cleaning of generating equipment progress periodically or non-periodically.There are the various cleaning devices to solar energy photovoltaic panel for the prior art.

Applying date 2014.04.11, the patent of application number 201410145204.4 disclose a kind of the clear of solar energy photovoltaic panel Cleaning device, comprising: the outside at the first edge of solar energy photovoltaic panel is arranged in catch basin;Head cartridge is provided with one Along the water pipe of the length direction extension of the head cartridge, extend multiple spray heads, the head cartridge below the water pipe It is arranged in parallel in the outside at first edge;First sliding rail is arranged in parallel in the second edge of the solar energy photovoltaic panel Outside, and second edge is adjacent with first edge, and it is sliding that the head cartridge is slidably disposed on described first On rail;Water pump is connected to the catch basin;Hose, both ends are connected to the water pump and the water pipe respectively;And gas Cylinder drives the head cartridge to slide along first sliding rail.

But there are still following problems for above-mentioned patent: one, this kind of cleaning device is directly fixedly mounted and some fixation In photovoltaic panel, and the photovoltaic panel is cleaned, other photovoltaic panels can not be cleaned;Two, this kind of cleaning device cleaning It has a single function, can only be cleaned by spraying water, and the range of cleaning can not be automatically controlled.

Summary of the invention

In order to solve the technical problems in background technology, a kind of air-liquid is provided, wipes the cleaning of three-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate Device and its application method.It, can be with present invention is particularly suitable for being installed on high-order small-scale photovoltaic power generation plate by bracket Facilitate installation, dismantle and then each photovoltaic power generation plate can be cleaned;It can also be by turning around or turning around manually automatically Etc. modes move back and forth along photovoltaic power generation plate, to be cleaned multiple times;The present invention can also pass through jet, hydrojet, muntjac The various ways such as skin scouring clean photovoltaic power generation plate.

The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:

A kind of air-liquid wipes three-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning device, is affiliated to dress including be affiliated in photovoltaic power generation plate edge The driving device that set, is located in the device for hanging and supporting is located at below the device for hanging and supporting and is close to photovoltaic power generation plate sunny slope Cleaning main body, be located at it is described cleaning main body below lifting apparatus, further include wireless launcher;

The device for hanging and supporting includes the parallel-plate being close to photovoltaic power generation plate sunny slope, vertical is located above the parallel-plate At least two limit rollers below the bending plate of bending plate, equidistantly distributed, equidistantly distributed on the parallel-plate There are at least two through-holes, the limit roller includes the set for being located at the sub bar below the bending plate, being socketed on the sub bar The first fixing bolt for manage, being screwed on described sleeve pipe side wall gathers in the first spin of described sleeve pipe outer wall;

The driving device includes first rotating shaft, and the first rotating shaft is consistent with the number of openings and corresponds, The first rotating shaft is rotatably located in corresponding through-hole, and the driving device further includes being located at the first rotating shaft close to institute State the driven roller of limit roller one end, be located at the driving gear of the first rotating shaft other end, the driven roller with it is described Along abutting in photovoltaic power generation plate, it is sequentially connected between the driving gear by chain syn-chro-step, any driving gear transmission It is connected with the first stepper motor, first stepper motor is electrically connected with control device, and the control device is electrically connected with wirelessly Reception device, the control device are also electrically connected with the ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor to measure edge in the photovoltaic power generation plate, The ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor is equipped with a pair of and is located at the parallel-plate two sides;

The cleaning main body includes the shell for being fixed at the cuboid shape below the parallel-plate, and the shell is equipped with The inner cavity of inside opening, the shell inner face are densely covered with rotatable second spin, outer cover length direction both ends difference Equipped with bearing, described interior intracavitary along its length rotatably equipped with roller, the roller both ends are respectively equipped with and the axis The second shaft of cooperation is held, is equipped with inner slide through a pair of second shaft and roller, the inner slide both ends are respectively provided in two sections Screw thread, the end of second shaft far from roller is circumferentially distributed annular rack, is circumferentially evenly distributed in the roller outer circumferential walls There are three grooves being axially arranged, is respectively equipped with air jet pipe, wiping arrangement, sparge pipe in three grooves;

A column fumarole, spray hole are respectively equipped on the outside of the air jet pipe, sparge pipe, the air jet pipe, sparge pipe are corresponding Groove be additionally provided with a channel being connected to second shaft inner cavity, the air jet pipe, sparge pipe are also respectively connected one Rotatory sealing pipe, every rotatory sealing pipe respectively via being inserted into the second shaft inner cavity behind a channel, the rotatory sealing pipe from Gas source, water pump are stretched out respectively and be connected separately in second shaft inner cavity both ends, the gas source, water pump respectively with the control Device electrical connection, the shell either end are additionally provided with the second stepper motor being electrically connected with the control device, the second step It is connected with angular wheel into motor driven, the angular wheel and the annular rack are sequentially connected;

The rotatory sealing pipe includes that the first pipeline section connecting with the air jet pipe or sparge pipe and first pipeline section revolve Turn the second pipeline section being tightly connected, first pipeline section, the second pipeline section phase proximal end are respectively fixed with sealing turntable, and the rotation is close Tube sealing further include be respectively sleeved at first pipeline section, on the second pipeline section with externally threaded retaining ring, two retaining rings respectively with It is spirally connected positioned at inner slide with two sections of internal screw threads at end, the first compressed spring is equipped between any retaining ring and corresponding sealing turntable, The sealing disk peripheral outer is additionally provided with and the close-connected O-ring in second shaft inner cavity;

The wiping arrangement include along the groove length directional spreding bottom plate, be vertically located at the bottom plate outer end face two A pair of of scraper plate of side, the bottom plate is equipped with a slide opening and is slidably equipped with the second fixing bolt in the slide opening, described Second fixing bolt is spirally connected in the groove, and the second compressed spring is additionally provided between the bottom plate and the groove, described to scrape Spaced set has pin hole to plate along its length, is successively coated with buffer layer, chamois leather on the scraper plate from inside to outside, described slow Rush layer, chamois leather is fixed at pin hole by suture;

The lifting apparatus includes the round boss for being located at shell lower end side, to be rotatably located at the circle convex Positioning ring on platform, the telescopic rod being located on the positioning ring, the third fixing bolt being screwed on the positioning ring;

The wireless launcher and the radio receiver communication connection.

Further, the cross section of slideway is the inverted trapezoidal structure of outer narrow inner width.

Further, the gas source is air compressor machine or compressed gas cylinder.

A kind of application method of cleaning device, it is characterised in that:

The following steps are included:

Step 1 adjusts the lifting apparatus:

Step 1.1, the tilt angle of photovoltaic power generation plate is estimated;

Step 1.2, by screwing the adjusting of degree to third fixing bolt, the angle of the telescopic rod is adjusted, so that institute It states under the vertical posture of telescopic rod, the cleaning main body and photovoltaic power generation plate keeping parallelism;

Step 1.3, the length of the telescopic rod is adjusted, so that staff holds under the posture of the telescopic rod, it is described Device for hanging and supporting can hang over edge in the photovoltaic power generation plate;

Step 2, installation:

The telescopic rod is held, the sunny slope that position makes the cleaning body proximate in the photovoltaic power generation plate is adjusted, The driven roller in the photovoltaic power generation plate along abutting, first spin, the second spin respectively with the photovoltaic power generation Plate sliding contact;

Step 3, mobile and u-turn:

Step 3.1, position is mobile:

Emit the signal for rotating forward or inverting by wireless launcher, the radio receiver receives the signal and will The signal passes to control device, and the control device controls first stepper motor and rotates forward or invert, the first step It is rotated into driven roller described in motor driven, finally realizes that the cleaning device edge in photovoltaic power generation plate is moved;

Step 3.2, automatic reversing:

First stepper motor maintenance rotation, the ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor real-time measurement its with the photovoltaic The distance signal of power generation plate is simultaneously sent to control device, and signal controls the first stepping electricity to the control device according to this distance Whether machine rotates backward: if distance signal holding is basically unchanged, first stepper motor continues to keep same rotation side To driving the cleaning device in the photovoltaic power generation plate along moving;If the distance signal becomes larger suddenly to more than scheduled Threshold value, then first stepper motor rotates backward, and drives the cleaning device in the photovoltaic power generation plate along counter motion;

Step 3.3, u-turn manually:

The first stepper motor maintenance rotation, and rotate forward or invert next time by wireless launcher transmitting Signal, the radio receiver receives the signal and the signal passed to control device, and the control device controls institute The rotation for stating the first stepper motor is reversed switching, reverses end for end the cleaning device;

Step 4, cleaning:

Step 4.1, roller station initial adjustment:

While carrying out position movement according to step 3, pass through the letter that wireless launcher emits driving roller rotation Number, the radio receiver receives the signal and the signal is passed to control device, and the control device controls second step It is rotated into motor, and drives the roller to turn to suitable station by the cooperation of angular wheel, annular rack, so that the spray Tracheae, wiping arrangement, any structure in sparge pipe expose from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity;

Step 4.2, roller Switch of working position:

The signal of wireless launcher transmitting driving roller rotation is continued through, the second stepper motor rotation drives institute It states roller and turns to next suitable station, make air jet pipe, wiping arrangement, any structure in sparge pipe on the inside of the inner cavity Opening expose;

Step 4.3, multistation is cleaned:

When the air jet pipe exposes from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity, the control device controls the gas source and opens, The gas source conveys compressed gas into air jet pipe by rotatory sealing pipe, and the compressed gas sprays from fumarole and then to light Volt power generation plate is cleaned;

When the wiping arrangement exposes from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity, the chamois leather and photovoltaic power generation plate sunny slope are tight Patch, the chamois leather clean photovoltaic power generation plate in moving process;

When the sparge pipe exposes from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity, the control device controls the water pump and opens, The water pump conveys liquid into sparge pipe by rotatory sealing pipe, and the liquid sprays from spray hole and then to photovoltaic power generation Plate is cleaned;

Disassembly: step 5 after cleaning, holds the telescopic rod and removes the cleaning device.

Beneficial effects of the present invention:

Present invention is particularly suitable for the cleanings that high-order small-scale photovoltaic power generation plate is installed on by bracket, and user can The present invention is lifted to the height and position of the photovoltaic power generation plate by the lifting apparatus on the ground with standing, then sends out this Bright to be mounted in the photovoltaic power generation plate, the present invention finishes a certain photovoltaic in cleaning without being fixedly mounted in photovoltaic power generation plate The present invention can also be removed to after power generation plate and then be cleaned again other photovoltaic power generation plates.

The present invention modes that can turn around etc. by automatic reversing or manually move back and forth in the photovoltaic power generation plate;Into One step, it, can be reciprocal in the range by the modes such as turn around manually for especially dirty position a certain in photovoltaic power generation plate It operates and it is cleaned.

The present invention has a variety of cleaning ways, can spray gas by air jet pipe and be rinsed, can pass through brush roll It is cleaned, liquid can be sprayed by sparge pipe and be rinsed, last wiping can also be carried out by the chamois leather of wiping arrangement It washes, the moisture in photovoltaic power generation plate is dried.

Detailed description of the invention

Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.

Fig. 1 is a kind of front view of embodiment of the cleaning device.

Fig. 2 is a kind of side view of embodiment of the cleaning device.

Fig. 3 is the portion A enlarged diagram in Fig. 2.

The cross-sectional view of the cleaning main body of cleaning device described in Fig. 4.

Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional view of section B-B in Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is the cross-sectional view in the section C-C in Fig. 4

Fig. 7 is the portion D enlarged diagram in Fig. 4.

Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of the cleaning device rotatory sealing pipe.

In figure: 1. device for hanging and supporting, 11. parallel-plates, 11a. through-hole, 12. bending plates, 13. limit rollers, 13a. sub bar, 13b. casing, the first fixing bolt of 13c., the first spin of 13d., 2. driving devices, 21. first rotating shafts, 22. driven rollers, 23. Driving gear, 24. chains, 25 first stepper motors, 26. control devices, 26a. radio receiver, 27. ultrasonic distance measurements pass Sensor, 3. cleaning main bodys, 31. shells, the inner cavity 31a., the second spin of 31b., 31c. bearing, 32. rollers, the second shaft of 32a., 32a-1. inner slide, 32a-2. internal screw thread, 32b. annular rack, 32c. groove, the channel 32d., 33. air jet pipes, 34. wiping dresses It sets, 34a. bottom plate, 34b. scraper plate, the second fixing bolt of 34c., the second compressed spring of 34d., 34e. pin hole, 34f. buffer layer, 34g. chamois leather, 35. sparge pipes, 36. gas sources, 37. water pumps, 38. second stepper motors, 38a. angular wheel, 4. lifting apparatus, 41. round boss, 42. positioning rings, 43. telescopic rods, 44. third fixing bolts, 5. wireless launchers, a. rotatory sealing pipe, A-1. the first pipeline section, the second pipeline section of a-2., a-3. seal turntable, a-4. retaining ring, the first compressed spring of a-5., a-6.O type circle.

Specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with attached drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.

A kind of cleaning device of high-order small-scale photovoltaic power generation plate is affiliated to dress including be affiliated in photovoltaic power generation plate 6 edge Set 1, the driving device 2 that is located in the device for hanging and supporting 1, be located at 1 lower section of device for hanging and supporting and with 6 sunny slope of photovoltaic power generation plate The cleaning main body 3 of abutting, the lifting apparatus 4 for being located at 3 lower section of cleaning main body, further include wireless launcher 5;

The device for hanging and supporting 1 includes the parallel-plate 11 being close to 6 sunny slope of photovoltaic power generation plate, vertical is located at the parallel-plate At least two limit rollers 13 of the bending plate 12, equidistantly distributed of 11 tops below the bending plate 12, the parallel-plate At least two through-hole 11a are equidistantly distributed on 11, the limit roller 13 includes the sub bar for being located at 12 lower section of bending plate It is 13a, the casing 13b being socketed on the sub bar 13a, the first fixing bolt 13c being screwed on described sleeve pipe 13b side wall, close First spin 13d of the cloth in described sleeve pipe 13b outer wall;

The driving device 2 includes first rotating shaft 21, and the first rotating shaft 21 is consistent with the through-hole 11a quantity and one One is corresponding, and the first rotating shaft 21 is rotatably located in corresponding through-hole 11a, the driving device 2 further include be located at it is described First rotating shaft 21 close to described limit 13 one end of roller driven roller 22, be located at the driving tooth of 21 other end of first rotating shaft Wheel 23, the driven roller 22 is abutted with edge in the photovoltaic power generation plate 6, synchronous by chain 24 between the driving gear 23 Transmission connection, any driving gear 23 are sequentially connected with the first stepper motor 25, and first stepper motor 25 is electrically connected There is control device 26, the control device 26 is electrically connected with radio receiver 26a, and the control device 26 is also electrically connected with use To measure the ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor 27 on edge in the photovoltaic power generation plate 6, the ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor 27 is equipped with a pair And it is located at 11 two sides of parallel-plate;

The cleaning main body 3 includes the shell 31 for being fixed at the cuboid shape of 11 lower section of parallel-plate, described outer Shell 31 is equipped with the inner cavity 31a of inside opening, and 31 inner face of shell is densely covered with rotatable second spin 31b, the shell 31 length direction both ends are respectively equipped with bearing 31c, are rotatably equipped with roller 32, institute along its length in the inner cavity 31a It states 32 both ends of roller and is respectively equipped with the second shaft 32a cooperated with the bearing 31c, run through the second shaft 32a of a pair and roller 32 are equipped with inner slide 32a-1, and it is remote that the both ends the inner slide 32a-1 are respectively provided with two sections of internal screw threads 32a-2, the second shaft 32a End from roller 32 is circumferentially distributed annular rack 32b, is circumferentially evenly equipped with four axial directions in 32 outer circumferential walls of roller and sets Air jet pipe 33, brush roll 34, sparge pipe 35, wiping arrangement 36 are respectively equipped in the groove 32c, four groove 32c set;

A column fumarole, spray hole, the air jet pipe 33, hydrojet are respectively equipped on the outside of the air jet pipe 33, sparge pipe 35 The corresponding groove 32c of pipe 35 is additionally provided with a channel 32d being connected to the inner slide 32a-1, the air jet pipe 33, sparge pipe 35 Rotatory sealing pipe an a, every rotatory sealing pipe a is also respectively connected respectively via being inserted into inner slide after a channel 32d 32a-1, the rotatory sealing pipe a stretch out respectively from the both ends the inner slide 32a-1 and are connected separately with gas source 37, water pump 38, The gas source 37, water pump 38 are electrically connected with the control device 26 respectively, and 31 either end of shell is additionally provided with and the control The second stepper motor 39 that device 26 is electrically connected, the drive connection of second stepper motor 39 have angular wheel 39a, the taper The gear 39a and annular rack 32b is sequentially connected;

The rotatory sealing pipe a includes the first pipeline section a-1 connecting with the air jet pipe 33 or sparge pipe 35, with described the Second pipeline section a-2, the first pipeline section a-1 of one pipeline section a-1 rotatory sealing connection, the second pipeline section a-2 phase proximal end are fixed respectively There is sealing turntable a-3, the rotatory sealing pipe a further includes being respectively sleeved on the first pipeline section a-1, the second pipeline section a-2 With externally threaded retaining ring a-4, two retaining ring a-4 are respectively and positioned at the same two sections of internal screw thread 32a-2 spiral shells held of inner slide 32a-1 It connects, the first compressed spring a-5, the sealing turntable a-3 circumference is equipped between any retaining ring a-4 and corresponding sealing turntable a-3 Outer is additionally provided with and the close-connected O-ring a-6 of the inner slide 32a-1;

The wiping arrangement 34 includes the bottom plate 34a being distributed along the groove 32c length direction, is vertically located at the bottom plate A pair of of scraper plate 34b of 34a outer end face two sides, the bottom plate 34a are equipped with a slide opening and are slidably equipped in the slide opening Second fixing bolt 34c, the second fixing bolt 34c are screwed onto the groove 32c, the bottom plate 34a and the groove The second compressed spring 34d, the scraper plate 34b is additionally provided between 32c, and spaced set has pin hole 34e along its length, described Buffer layer 34f is successively coated on scraper plate 34b from inside to outside, chamois leather 34g, the buffer layer 34f, chamois leather 34g are consolidated by suture It is scheduled at pin hole 34e;

The lifting apparatus 4 include the round boss 41 for being located at the 31 lower end side of shell, be rotatably located at it is described Positioning ring 42 on round boss 41, the telescopic rod 43 being located on the positioning ring 42, be screwed on the positioning ring 42 Three fixing bolts 44;

The wireless launcher 5 and the radio receiver 26a communication connection.

Further, the section the slideway 34d is the inverted trapezoidal structure of outer narrow inner width.

Further, the gas source 37 is air compressor machine or compact gas cylinder.

A kind of application method using cleaning device, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:

Step 1 adjusts the lifting apparatus 4:

Step 1.1, the tilt angle of photovoltaic power generation plate 6 is estimated;

Step 1.2, by screwing the adjusting of degree to third fixing bolt 44, the angle of the telescopic rod 43 is adjusted, is made It obtains under the vertical posture of the telescopic rod 43, the cleaning main body 3 and 6 keeping parallelism of photovoltaic power generation plate;

Step 1.3, the length of the telescopic rod 43 is adjusted, so that staff holds under the posture of the telescopic rod 43, The device for hanging and supporting 1 can hang over edge in the photovoltaic power generation plate 6;

Step 2, installation:

The telescopic rod 43 is held, adjustment position makes the cleaning main body 3 be tightly attached to facing south for the photovoltaic power generation plate 6 Face, the driven roller 22 in the photovoltaic power generation plate 6 along abutting, the first spin 13d, the second spin 31b respectively with 6 sliding contact of photovoltaic power generation plate;

Step 3, mobile and u-turn:

Step 3.1, position is mobile:

Emit the signal for rotating forward or inverting by wireless launcher 5, the radio receiver 26a receives the signal And the signal is passed into control device 26, the control device 26 controls first stepper motor 25 and rotates forward or invert, First stepper motor 25 drives the driven roller 22 to rotate, and finally realizes the cleaning device in photovoltaic power generation plate 6 It moves on edge;

Step 3.2, automatic reversing:

First stepper motor, 25 maintenance rotation, 27 real-time measurement of ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor its with it is described The distance signal of photovoltaic power generation plate 6 is simultaneously sent to control device 26, and the control device 26 is according to this distance described in signal control Whether the first stepper motor 25 rotates backward: if distance signal holding is basically unchanged, first stepper motor 25 continues Same rotation direction is kept, cleaning device edge in the photovoltaic power generation plate 6 is driven to move;If the distance signal becomes suddenly Big is extremely more than scheduled threshold value, then first stepper motor 25 rotates backward, and the cleaning device is driven to send out along the photovoltaic Along counter motion on battery plate 6;

Step 3.3, u-turn manually:

First stepper motor, 25 maintenance rotation, and rotated forward next time by the transmitting of wireless launcher 5 or The signal of reversion, the radio receiver 26a receive the signal and the signal are passed to control device 26, the control dress The rotation for setting 26 controls, first stepper motor 25 is reversed switching, reverses end for end the cleaning device;

Step 4, cleaning:

Step 4.1,32 station initial adjustment of roller:

While carrying out position movement according to step 3, passes through wireless launcher 5 and emit what driving roller 32 rotated Signal, the radio receiver 26a receive the signal and the signal are passed to control device 26, and the control device 26 is controlled Second stepper motor 39 processed rotates, and drives the roller 32 to turn to by the cooperation of angular wheel 39a, annular rack 32b Suitable station, so that any structure in the air jet pipe 33, brush roll 34, sparge pipe 35, swab 36 is from the inner cavity Opening on the inside of 31a is exposed;

Step 4.2,32 Switch of working position of roller:

It continues through wireless launcher 5 and emits the signal that driving roller 32 rotates, the second stepper motor 39 rotates Drive the roller 32 to turn to next suitable station, make air jet pipe 33, brush roll 34, sparge pipe 35, in swab 36 Any structure from the inside of the inner cavity 31a opening expose;

Step 4.3, multistation is cleaned:

When the air jet pipe 33 exposes from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity 31a, the control device 26 controls the gas Source 37 is opened, and the gas that gas source 37 exports cleans photovoltaic power generation plate via spraying after rotatory sealing pipe a, air jet pipe 33;

When the brush roll 34 is exposed from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity 31a, the control device 26 controls described the The rotation of three stepper motors, drives the brush roll 34 to rotate, and then clean to photovoltaic power generation plate;

When the sparge pipe 35 exposes from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity 31a, the control device 26 controls the water Pump 38 is opened, and the liquid that water pump 38 exports cleans photovoltaic power generation plate via spraying after rotatory sealing pipe a, sparge pipe 35;

When the wiping arrangement 36 exposes from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity 31a, by chamois leather 36g to photovoltaic power generation plate It is cleaned;

Disassembly: step 5 after cleaning, holds the telescopic rod 43 and removes the cleaning device.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of air-liquid wipes three-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning device, it is characterised in that: including being affiliated in photovoltaic power generation plate (6) The device for hanging and supporting (1) on upper edge, the driving device (2) being located in the device for hanging and supporting (1) are located at below the device for hanging and supporting (1) And the cleaning main body (3) being close to photovoltaic power generation plate (6) sunny slope, the lifting apparatus being located at below cleaning main body (3) It (4), further include wireless launcher (5);
The device for hanging and supporting (1) include with photovoltaic power generation plate (6) sunny slope be close to parallel-plate (11), it is vertical be located at it is described parallel At least two limit rollers (13) of bending plate (12), equidistantly distributed below the bending plate (12) above plate (11), At least two through-holes (11a) are equidistantly distributed on the parallel-plate (11), the limit roller (13) is described curved including being located at Sub bar (13a) below folded plate (12), is screwed onto described sleeve pipe (13b) at the casing (13b) being socketed on the sub bar (13a) The first fixing bolt (13c) on side wall gathers in first spin (13d) of described sleeve pipe (13b) outer wall;
The driving device (2) includes first rotating shaft (21), and the first rotating shaft (21) is consistent with the through-hole (11a) quantity simultaneously And correspond, the first rotating shaft (21) is rotatably located in corresponding through-hole (11a), and the driving device (2) is also wrapped It includes and is located at the driven roller (22) of the first rotating shaft (21) close described limit roller (13) one end, is located at the first rotating shaft (21) driving gear (23) of the other end, the driven roller (22) abut with edge on the photovoltaic power generation plate (6), the active It is connected between gear (23) by chain (24) Synchronous Transmission, any driving gear (23) is sequentially connected with the first stepping electricity Machine (25), first stepper motor (25) are electrically connected with control device (26), and the control device (26) is electrically connected with wirelessly Reception device (26a), the control device (26) are also electrically connected with the ultrasonic wave to measure edge on the photovoltaic power generation plate (6) Distance measuring sensor (27), the ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor (27) are equipped with a pair of and are located at the parallel-plate (11) two sides;
Cleaning main body (3) includes the shell (31) for being fixed at the cuboid shape below the parallel-plate (11), described Shell (31) is equipped with the inner cavity (31a) of inside opening, and shell (31) inner face is densely covered with rotatable second spin (31b), shell (31) the length direction both ends are respectively equipped with bearing (31c), along its length may be used in the inner cavity (31a) Rotation is equipped with roller (32), and roller (32) both ends are respectively equipped with the second shaft with the bearing (31c) cooperation (32a) is equipped with inner slide (32a-1) through a pair of second shaft (32a) and roller (32), inner slide (32a-1) both ends Two sections of internal screw threads (32a-2) are respectively provided with, end of second shaft (32a) far from roller (32) is circumferentially distributed annular rack (32b), is circumferentially evenly equipped with three grooves being axially arranged (32c) in roller (32) outer circumferential walls, in three grooves (32c) It is respectively equipped with air jet pipe (33), wiping arrangement (34), sparge pipe (35);
A column fumarole, spray hole, the air jet pipe (33), spray are respectively equipped on the outside of the air jet pipe (33), sparge pipe (35) The corresponding groove (32c) of liquid pipe (35) is additionally provided with a channel (32d) being connected to the second shaft (32a) inner cavity, the spray A rotatory sealing pipe (a) is also respectively connected in tracheae (33), sparge pipe (35), and every rotatory sealing pipe (a) is respectively via one The inner cavity the second shaft (32a) is inserted into channel (32d) afterwards, and the rotatory sealing pipe (a) is from the second shaft (32a) inner cavity two Gas source (36), water pump (37) are stretched out respectively and be connected separately in end, and the gas source (36), water pump (37) are filled with the control respectively (26) electrical connection is set, shell (31) either end is additionally provided with the second stepper motor being electrically connected with the control device (26) (38), the second stepper motor (38) is drivingly connected and has angular wheel (38a), the angular wheel (38a) and the annular Rack gear (32b) transmission connection;
The rotatory sealing pipe (a) includes the first pipeline section (a-1) connecting with the air jet pipe (33) or sparge pipe (35) and institute State the second pipeline section (a-2) of the first pipeline section (a-1) rotatory sealing connection, first pipeline section (a-1), the second pipeline section (a-2) phase Proximal end is respectively fixed with sealing turntable (a-3), and the rotatory sealing pipe (a) further includes being respectively sleeved at the first pipeline section (a- 1) externally threaded retaining ring (a-4), is had on the second pipeline section (a-2), two retaining rings (a-4) are respectively and positioned at inner slide (32a- 1) two sections of internal screw threads (32a-2) with end are spirally connected, and first is equipped between any retaining ring (a-4) and corresponding sealing turntable (a-3) Compressed spring (a-5), sealing turntable (a-3) the circumference outer is additionally provided with closely to be connect with the second shaft (32a) inner cavity O-ring (a-6);
The wiping arrangement (34) includes the bottom plate (34a) being distributed along the groove (32c) length direction, is vertically located at the bottom A pair of of scraper plate (34b) of plate (34a) outer end face two sides, the bottom plate (34a) are equipped with a slide opening and can slide in the slide opening Dynamic is equipped with the second fixing bolt (34c), and second fixing bolt (34c) is screwed onto the groove (32c), the bottom plate It is additionally provided between (34a) and the groove (32c) the second compressed spring (34d), between the scraper plate (34b) is waited along its length Away from being provided with pin hole (34e), buffer layer (34f), chamois leather (34g) are successively coated on the scraper plate (34b) from inside to outside, it is described Buffer layer (34f), chamois leather (34g) are fixed at pin hole (34e) by suture;
The lifting apparatus (4) includes the round boss (41) for being located at the shell (31) lower end side, is rotatably located at institute It states the positioning ring (42) on round boss (41), the telescopic rod (43) being located on the positioning ring (42), be screwed onto the positioning Third fixing bolt (44) on ring (42);
The wireless launcher (5) and the radio receiver (26a) communication connection.
2. a kind of air-liquid according to claim 1 wipes three-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning device, it is characterised in that: described Gas source (36) is air compressor machine or compressed gas cylinder.
3. a kind of application method using cleaning device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:
The following steps are included:
Step 1 adjusts the lifting apparatus (4):
Step 1.1, the tilt angle of photovoltaic power generation plate (6) is estimated;
Step 1.2, by screwing the adjusting of degree to third fixing bolt (44), the angle of the telescopic rod (43) is adjusted, is made It obtains under the vertical posture of the telescopic rod (43), the cleaning main body (3) and photovoltaic power generation plate (6) keeping parallelism;
Step 1.3, the length of the telescopic rod (43) is adjusted, so that staff holds under the posture of the telescopic rod (43), The device for hanging and supporting (1) can hang over edge on the photovoltaic power generation plate (6);
Step 2, installation:
Hold the telescopic rod (43), adjustment position make it is described cleaning main body (3) be tightly attached to the photovoltaic power generation plate (6) to Sunny side, the driven roller (22) abut with edge on the photovoltaic power generation plate (6), first spin (13d), the second spin (31b) respectively with the photovoltaic power generation plate (6) sliding contact;
Step 3, mobile and u-turn:
Step 3.1, position is mobile:
Emit the signal for rotating forward or inverting by wireless launcher (5), the radio receiver (26a) receives the signal And the signal is passed to control device (26), the control device (26) control first stepper motor (25) rotate forward or Reversion, first stepper motor (25) drive driven roller (22) rotation, finally realize the cleaning device along photovoltaic Edge moves on power generation plate (6);
Step 3.2, automatic reversing:
First stepper motor (25) maintenance rotation, ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor (27) real-time measurement its with it is described The distance signal of photovoltaic power generation plate (6) is simultaneously sent to control device (26), control device (26) the signal control according to this distance Make whether first stepper motor (25) rotates backward: if distance signal holding is basically unchanged, the first stepping electricity Machine (25) continues to keep same rotation direction, and cleaning device edge along the photovoltaic power generation plate (6) is driven to move;If should be away from Become larger suddenly from signal to being more than scheduled threshold value, then first stepper motor (25) rotates backward, and drives the cleaning dress It sets along the photovoltaic power generation plate (6) along counter motion;
Step 3.3, u-turn manually:
First stepper motor (25) maintenance rotation, and rotated forward next time by wireless launcher (5) transmitting or The signal of reversion, the radio receiver (26a) receive the signal and the signal are passed to control device (26), the control The rotation that device (26) processed controls first stepper motor (25) is reversed switching, reverses end for end the cleaning device;
Step 4, cleaning:
Step 4.1, roller (32) station initial adjustment:
While carrying out position movement according to step 3, pass through wireless launcher (5) transmitting driving roller (32) rotation Signal, the radio receiver (26a) receive the signal and the signal are passed to control device (26), the control device (26) control second stepper motor (38) rotation, and pass through described in the cooperation drive of angular wheel (38a), annular rack (32b) Roller (32) turns to suitable station, so that any structure in the air jet pipe (33), wiping arrangement (34), sparge pipe (35) Expose from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity (31a);
Step 4.2, roller (32) Switch of working position:
The signal of wireless launcher (5) transmitting driving roller (32) rotation is continued through, the second stepper motor (38) turns It is dynamic that the roller (32) is driven to turn to next suitable station, make air jet pipe (33), wiping arrangement (34), in sparge pipe (35) Any structure from the inside of the inner cavity (31a) opening expose;
Step 4.3, multistation is cleaned:
When the air jet pipe (33) exposes from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity (31a), described in control device (26) control Gas source (36) is opened, and the gas source (36) conveys compressed gas, the compression into air jet pipe (33) by rotatory sealing pipe (a) Gas is sprayed from fumarole and then is cleaned to photovoltaic power generation plate;
When the wiping arrangement (34) exposes from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity (31a), the chamois leather (34g) and photovoltaic power generation Plate (6) sunny slope is close to, and the chamois leather (34g) cleans photovoltaic power generation plate (6) in moving process;
When the sparge pipe (35) exposes from the opening on the inside of the inner cavity (31a), described in control device (26) control Water pump (37) is opened, and the water pump (37) is by rotatory sealing pipe (a) to conveying liquid in sparge pipe (35), and the liquid is from spray It is sprayed in fluid apertures and then photovoltaic power generation plate is cleaned;
Disassembly: step 5 after cleaning, holds the telescopic rod (43) and removes the cleaning device.
CN201710302890.5A 2016-11-11 2017-05-03 A kind of air-liquid wipes three-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning device and its application method CN106984577B (en)

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CN107733352B (en) * 2017-11-09 2019-08-09 高润新材料科技(南通)有限公司 A kind of solar energy equipment with deashing function
CN108049579B (en) * 2017-11-30 2019-07-09 宁波德深机械设备有限公司 Roof solar photovoltaic devices
CN108067463A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-05-25 镇江倍斯特曼新材料研究有限公司 A kind of device of solar generating with self-cleaning function

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