CN106902938B - A kind of building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit - Google Patents

A kind of building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106902938B
CN106902938B CN201710135210.5A CN201710135210A CN106902938B CN 106902938 B CN106902938 B CN 106902938B CN 201710135210 A CN201710135210 A CN 201710135210A CN 106902938 B CN106902938 B CN 106902938B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
welded
box
screening
case
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Application number
CN201710135210.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106902938A (en
Inventor
陈超
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201710135210.5A priority Critical patent/CN106902938B/en
Publication of CN106902938A publication Critical patent/CN106902938A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • B02C21/02Transportable disintegrating plant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/005Transportable screening plants
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/04Stationary flat screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F15/00Suppression of vibrations in systems; Means or arrangements for avoiding or reducing out-of-balance forces, e.g. due to motion
    • F16F15/02Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems
    • F16F15/04Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means
    • F16F15/08Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means with rubber springs ; with springs made of rubber and metal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B2201/00Details applicable to machines for screening using sieves or gratings
    • B07B2201/04Multiple deck screening devices comprising one or more superimposed screens

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of building material crushing and screening dust-extraction units, including mobile support damping device, crushing and screening device and dedusting and cleaning device;The mobile support damping device includes wheel and damping device;The wheel is fixed on wheel stand;The damping device is fixed on pedestal;The crushing and screening device includes crush box and screen box;The screen box is welded on two support columns;The crush box is welded in the crush box mounting hole on water outlet cleaning case;The dedusting and cleaning device includes suction box, water outlet cleaning case and dust collecting box;The water outlet cleaning case is fixed at using fixing bolt on screen box;The suction box is fixed on water outlet cleaning case;The dust collecting box, which screws, to be fixed at below fixed cylinder;Apparatus of the present invention good damping effect, crushes material, facilitates and carries out screening storage, the pollution of dust is avoided by dust-extraction unit, while passing through cleaning device, screen box easy to clean.

Description

A kind of building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building material processing unit, specifically a kind of building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit.
Background technology
Currently, with the development of science and technology, the fields such as building are also rapidly developing, and in the field of construction, often need Screening process is carried out to building material, but includes bulk materials or hardened, volume in material before building material screening It is larger, it is easy to which that the damage for causing equipment is unfavorable for the screening of people, needs, first to its pulverization process, then screening, existing Screening plant it is unreasonable because of its structure design the problems such as, during screening, it is easy to cause screening effect bad, cannot Enough realize the purpose of feed separation, and material goes to toward the processing to the later stage in screening and brings many troubles, is unfavorable for The processing of people, in screening, whole device will produce prodigious flying dust, be easy pollution environment, and screening is used for a long time, can make Precipitation has dust on screening chamber interior wall, influences screening effect.
The content of present invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of building material crushing and screening dust-extraction units, to solve in above-mentioned background technology The problem of proposition.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit, including mobile support damping device, crushing and screening device and dedusting Cleaning device;The mobile support damping device includes pedestal, wheel strut, brake, wheel stand, wheel, damping device And support column;The pedestal is welded on four wheel struts;The wheel strut is welded on pedestal lower face;The wheel Holder is welded on wheel strut lower face;The wheel is fixed on wheel stand;The brake is fixed at On wheel;The damping device is fixed on pedestal, including fixed case, support case, rubber fixing sleeve, the first fixed column, Damping spring and the second fixed column;The fixed case is welded on support column lower face;There are two the second fixed column settings, It is welded on support chamber interior wall bottom;The support case is arranged in fixed case, in rubber fixing sleeve;First fixed column is set There are two setting, it is welded on above fixed chamber interior wall;The rubber fixing sleeve is fixed at below support case and is fixed on pedestal On;The support column lower end is welded on fixed case, and upper end is welded on screen box;The crushing and screening device includes crushing Case, the first screening web plate, the first buffer spring, the first fixed plate, the first discharge nozzle, screen box, the second discharge nozzle, the second rewinding Case, the second fixed plate, the second screening web plate, sealing cover, drainage conduit, the second buffer spring, the first rewinding case, charging box, first Motor crushes shaft and Disintegrating knife;The screen box is welded on two support columns;The crush box is welded on water outlet cleaning In crush box mounting hole on case;The first motor is fixed on crush box;The crushing shaft upper end fixed setting In first motor, lower end is arranged in crush box;The Disintegrating knife is provided with several, is welded on and crushes on shaft both sides; There are two the charging box settings, is welded on crush box both sides, is connected to crush box;First fixed plate is provided with two It is a, it is welded on screen box or so inner wall;First buffer spring is welded in the first fixed plate;The first screening web plate It is welded on two first buffer springs;First discharge nozzle is welded on the right side of screen box;Second fixed plate is provided with It two, is welded on screen box or so inner wall and below the first fixed plate;It is solid that second buffer spring is welded on second On fixed board;The second screening web plate is welded on two second buffer springs;Second discharge nozzle is welded on a screen box left side In side;The drainage conduit is welded below screen box;The second rewinding case is arranged on the left of pedestal, the second discharge nozzle discharge port Lower end;The first rewinding case is arranged on the right side of pedestal, the first discharge nozzle discharge port lower end;The dedusting and cleaning device includes inhaling Dirt case, water outlet cleaning case, water inlet pipe, fixing bolt, venthole, the second motor, transmission shaft, carrier bar, fan, fixed cylinder, thoroughly Wind cloth, dust collecting box, air inlet pipe, air-suction cover, crush box mounting hole, air inlet pipe intercommunicating pore and water distributing pore;The water outlet cleaning Case is fixed at using fixing bolt on screen box;On the water inlet pipe is fixed on the left of water outlet cleaning case;The suction Dirt case is fixed on water outlet cleaning case;There are two the carrier bar settings, is welded on dust suction chamber interior wall;Second electricity Machine is fixed on two carrier bars;The transmission shaft is fixed on the second motor;The fan is fixed at biography On moving axis lower end;The fixed cylinder is welded on carrier bar;The ventilative cloth is fixed in fixed cylinder inner wall;The dust Collecting box, which screws, to be fixed at below fixed cylinder;Described air inlet pipe one end is arranged by suction box in dust collecting box, separately One end is arranged by air inlet pipe intercommunicating pore in screen box;The air-suction cover is fixed on air inlet pipe lower end.
As a further solution of the present invention:First fixed column is connect with the second fixed column by damping spring.
As a further solution of the present invention:First fixed plate of left side setting is higher than first fixed plate on right side.
As a further solution of the present invention:Second fixed plate of right side setting is higher than second fixed plate in left side.
As a further solution of the present invention:The sieve pore of the second screening web plate is less than the sieve pore of the first screening web plate.
As a further solution of the present invention:It is provided with sealing cover in the drainage conduit.
As a further solution of the present invention:It is provided with water distributing pore on the water outlet cleaning case lower face.
As a further solution of the present invention:It is provided with air inlet pipe intercommunicating pore on the right side of the water outlet cleaning case.
As a further solution of the present invention:It is provided with crush box mounting hole on the left of the water outlet cleaning case.
As further scheme of the invention:It is provided with venthole on the suction box upper end.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
Whole device can be moved to the position of needs by wheel by apparatus of the present invention, and wheel can be made by stepping on brake It is locked, keeps whole device static, vibrations generated in crushing material, pressure is generated to fixed case, pass through damping spring and rubber Fixing sleeve reduces the pressure of fixed case, reduces the vibrations generated when crushing, material is added into crush box by charging box, starts First motor drives the Disintegrating knife crushed in shaft to crush material, enters screening by crush box mounting hole after crushing In case, material is screened by the first screening web plate, and bulk materials are discharged by the first discharge nozzle, are collected in the first rewinding case, By the second screening web plate screening, middle block of material is collected by the second discharge nozzle in the second rewinding case, and piece material is collected It below screen box, opens sealing cover and piece material is discharged by drainage conduit, while screening, start the drive of the second motor and pass Fan rotation on moving axis forms negative pressure in dust collecting box, dust is sucked dust collecting box by air inlet pipe and air-suction cover In, it is collected, water is added to water outlet cleaning case by water inlet pipe, is sprayed by water distributing pore, screen box is cleaned;It should Device good damping effect, crushes material, facilitates and carries out screening storage, and the pollution of dust is avoided by dust-extraction unit, Pass through cleaning device, screen box easy to clean simultaneously.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of grinding device in building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of dust-extraction unit in building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram that cleaning case is discharged in building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of damping device in building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit.
In figure:1- crush boxes, 2- suction boxs, 3- are discharged cleaning case, 4- water inlet pipes, 5- fixing bolts, the screening nets of 6- first Plate, the first buffer springs of 7-, the first fixed plates of 8-, the first discharge nozzles of 9-, 10- screen boxes, the second discharge nozzles of 11-, 12- second Rewinding case, 13- pedestals, 14- wheel struts, 15- brakes, 16- wheel stands, 17- wheels, the second fixed plates of 18-, 19- Two screening web plates, 20- sealing covers, 21- drainage conduits, the second buffer springs of 22-, 23- damping devices, 24- support columns, 25- first Rewinding case, 26- charging boxs, 27- first motors, 28- crushing shafts, 29- Disintegrating knifes, 30- ventholes, the second motors of 31-, 32- transmission shafts, 33- carrier bars, 34- fans, 35- fixed cylinders, the ventilative cloth of 36-, 37- dust collecting boxes, 38- air inlet pipe, 39- Air-suction cover, 40- crush box mounting holes, 41- air inlet pipe intercommunicating pores, 42- water distributing pores, 43- fixed cases, 44- support case, 45- rubber Fixing sleeve, the first fixed columns of 46-, 47- damping springs, the second fixed columns of 48-.
Specific implementation mode
The technical solution of this patent is described in more detail With reference to embodiment.
- 5 are please referred to Fig.1, a kind of building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit, including movement support damping device, grinding screen Screening device and dedusting and cleaning device;The mobile support damping device includes pedestal 13, wheel strut 14, brake 15, wheel Holder 16, wheel 17, damping device 23 and support column 24;The pedestal 13 is welded on four wheel struts 14, has carrying Effect;The wheel strut 14 is welded on 13 lower face of pedestal;The wheel stand 16 is welded on 14 lower face of wheel strut On;The wheel 17 is fixed on wheel stand 16;The brake 15 is fixed on wheel 17;The damping dress It sets 23 to be fixed on pedestal 13, including fixed case 43, support case 44, rubber fixing sleeve 45, the first fixed column 46, damping bullet Spring 47 and the second fixed column 48;The fixed case 43 is welded on 24 lower face of support column;Second fixed column 48 is provided with It two, is welded on 44 inner wall bottom of support case;Described 44 one end of support case is arranged in fixed case 43, and other end setting exists In rubber fixing sleeve 45;There are two the settings of first fixed column 46, is welded on above 43 inner wall of fixed case, the first fixed column 46 are connect with the second fixed column 48 by damping spring 47;The rubber fixing sleeve 45 is fixed at below support case 44 and solid It is scheduled on pedestal 13;24 lower end of the support column is welded on fixed case 43, and upper end is welded on screen box 10;Pass through wheel 17 Whole device can be moved to the position of needs, stepping on brake 15 can be such that wheel 17 is locked, and keep whole device static, Vibrations being generated in crushing material, pressure being generated to fixed case 43, fixed case is reduced by damping spring 47 and rubber fixing sleeve 45 43 pressure reduces the vibrations generated when crushing;The crushing and screening device includes that crush box 1, first screens web plate 6, first Buffer spring 7, the first fixed plate 8, the first discharge nozzle 9, screen box 10, the second discharge nozzle 11, the second rewinding case 12, second are fixed Plate 18, second screens web plate 19, sealing cover 20, drainage conduit 21, the second buffer spring 22, the first rewinding case 25, charging box 26, the One motor 27 crushes shaft 28 and Disintegrating knife 29;The screen box 10 is welded on two support columns 24;The crush box 1 It is welded in the crush box mounting hole 40 on water outlet cleaning case 3;The first motor 27 is fixed on crush box 1;It is described It crushes 28 upper end of shaft to be fixed in first motor 27, lower end is arranged in crush box 1;The Disintegrating knife 29 is provided with It is several, it is welded on and crushes on 28 both sides of shaft;There are two the settings of the charging box 26, is welded on 1 both sides of crush box, with crushing Case 1 is connected to;There are two the settings of first fixed plate 8, is welded on 10 or so inner wall of screen box, and the first of left side setting fixes Plate 8 is higher than first fixed plate 8 on right side;First buffer spring 7 is welded in the first fixed plate 8;The first screening net Plate 6 is welded on two first buffer springs 7;First discharge nozzle 9 is welded on 10 right side of screen box;Described second fixes There are two the settings of plate 18, is welded on 10 or so inner wall of screen box and positioned at 8 lower section of the first fixed plate, the second of right side setting is solid Fixed board 18 is higher than second fixed plate 18 in left side;Second buffer spring 22 is welded in the second fixed plate 18;Described second Screening web plate 19 is welded on two second buffer springs 22, and the sieve pore of the second screening web plate 19 is less than the first screening web plate 6 Sieve pore;Second discharge nozzle 11 is welded on 10 left side of screen box;The drainage conduit 21 is welded in 10 lower section of screen box, row Sealing cover 20 is provided in expects pipe 21;The setting of second rewinding case 12 is under 13 left side of pedestal, 11 discharge port of the second discharge nozzle End;The setting of first rewinding case 25 is in 13 right side of pedestal, 9 discharge port lower end of the first discharge nozzle;By charging box 26 to crushing Material is added in case 1, starts first motor 27 and the Disintegrating knife 29 crushed in shaft 28 is driven to crush material, after crushing Entered in screen box 10 by crush box mounting hole 40, material is screened by the first screening web plate 6, and bulk materials go out by first Expects pipe 9 is discharged, and collects in the first rewinding case 25, is screened by the second screening web plate 19, middle block of material passes through the second discharging Pipe 11 is collected in the second rewinding case 12, and piece material is collected below screen box 10, is opened sealing cover 20 and is passed through drainage conduit 21 Piece material is discharged;The dedusting and cleaning device includes suction box 2, water outlet cleaning case 3, water inlet pipe 4, fixing bolt 5, venthole 30, the second motor 31, transmission shaft 32, carrier bar 33, fan 34, fixed cylinder 35, ventilative cloth 36, dust collecting box 37, air inlet pipe 38, air-suction cover 39, crush box mounting hole 40, air inlet pipe intercommunicating pore 41 and water distributing pore 42;The water outlet cleaning case 3 is using fixed spiral shell Bolt 5 is fixed on screen box 10, and water outlet cleaning case is provided with water distributing pore 42 on 3 lower face, and air inlet pipe is provided in right side Intercommunicating pore 41 is provided with crush box mounting hole 40 in left side;The water inlet pipe 4 is fixed on 3 left side of water outlet cleaning case; The suction box 2 is fixed on water outlet cleaning case 3, and suction box is provided with venthole 30 on 2 upper end;The carrier bar 33 is set There are two setting, it is welded on 2 inner wall of suction box;Second motor 31 is fixed on two carrier bars 33;The transmission Axis 32 is fixed on the second motor 31;The fan 34 is fixed on 32 lower end of transmission shaft;The fixed cylinder 35 is welded It is connected on carrier bar 33;The ventilative cloth 36 is fixed in 35 inner wall of fixed cylinder;The dust collecting box 37 screws fixation It is arranged below fixed cylinder 35;38 one end of the air inlet pipe is arranged by suction box 2 in dust collecting box 37, and the other end passes through Air inlet pipe intercommunicating pore 41 is arranged in screen box 10;The air-suction cover 39 is fixed on 38 lower end of air inlet pipe;In screening Meanwhile starting the second motor 31 and the fan 34 on transmission shaft 32 is driven to rotate, negative pressure is formed in dust collecting box 37, passes through air inlet Pipe 38 and air-suction cover 39 suck dust in dust collecting box 37, are collected, and are added to water outlet cleaning case 3 by water inlet pipe 4 Water is sprayed by water distributing pore 42, is cleaned to screen box 10.
Operation principle of the present invention:Whole device can be moved to the position of needs by wheel 17, step on brake 15 Wheel 17 can be made to be locked, keep whole device static, vibrations are generated in crushing material, pressure is generated to fixed case 43, passed through Damping spring 47 and rubber fixing sleeve 45 reduce the pressure of fixed case 43, reduce the vibrations generated when crushing, pass through charging box 26 Material is added into crush box 1, starts first motor 27 and the Disintegrating knife 29 crushed in shaft 28 is driven to crush material, Entered in screen box 10 by crush box mounting hole 40 after crushing, material is screened by the first screening web plate 6, and bulk materials pass through First discharge nozzle 9 is discharged, and collects in the first rewinding case 25, is screened by the second screening web plate 19, middle block of material passes through the Two discharge nozzles 11 are collected in the second rewinding case 12, and piece material is collected below screen box 10, are opened sealing cover 20 and are passed through row Piece material is discharged in expects pipe 21, while screening, starts the second motor 31 and the fan 34 on transmission shaft 32 is driven to rotate, Dust collecting box 37 forms negative pressure, sucks in dust collecting box 37 dust by air inlet pipe 38 and air-suction cover 39, is collected, Water is added to water outlet cleaning case 3 by water inlet pipe 4, is sprayed by water distributing pore 42, screen box 10 is cleaned.
The better embodiment of this patent is explained in detail above, but this patent is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment party Formula, one skilled in the relevant art within the scope of knowledge, can also be under the premise of not departing from this patent objective It makes a variety of changes.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit, including mobile support damping device, crushing and screening device and dedusting are clear Cleaning device;It is characterized in that, the mobile support damping device includes pedestal (13), wheel strut (14), brake (15), vehicle Wheel support (16), wheel (17), damping device (23) and support column (24);The pedestal (13) is welded on four wheel struts (14) on;The wheel strut (14) is welded on pedestal (13) lower face;The wheel stand (16) is welded on wheel strut (14) on lower face;The wheel (17) is fixed on wheel stand (16);The brake (15) is fixed at vehicle It takes turns on (17);The damping device (23) is fixed on pedestal (13), including fixed case (43), support case (44), rubber Fixing sleeve (45), the first fixed column (46), damping spring (47) and the second fixed column (48);The fixed case (43) is welded on branch On dagger (24) lower face;There are two second fixed column (48) settings, is welded on support case (44) inner wall bottom;It is described Case (44) one end is supported to be arranged in fixed case (43), the other end is arranged in rubber fixing sleeve (45);First fixed column (46) it there are two setting, is welded on above fixed case (43) inner wall;The rubber fixing sleeve (45) is fixed at support case (44) it below and is fixed on pedestal (13);Support column (24) lower end is welded on fixed case (43), and upper end is welded on sieve It selects on case (10);The crushing and screening device includes crush box (1), the first screening web plate (6), the first buffer spring (7), first Fixed plate (8), the first discharge nozzle (9), screen box (10), the second discharge nozzle (11), the second rewinding case (12), the second fixed plate (18), second screening web plate (19), sealing cover (20), drainage conduit (21), the second buffer spring (22), the first rewinding case (25), Charging box (26), crushes shaft (28) and Disintegrating knife (29) at first motor (27);The screen box (10) is welded on two branch On dagger (24);The crush box (1) is welded in the crush box mounting hole (40) on water outlet cleaning case (3);First electricity Machine (27) is fixed on crush box (1);Crushing shaft (28) upper end is fixed in first motor (27), lower end It is arranged in crush box (1);The Disintegrating knife (29) be provided with it is several, be welded on crush shaft (28) both sides on;It is described to add There are two hopper (26) settings, is welded on crush box (1) both sides, is connected to crush box (1);First fixed plate (8) sets There are two setting, it is welded on the inner wall of screen box (10) left and right;First buffer spring (7) is welded in the first fixed plate (8); The first screening web plate (6) is welded on two first buffer springs (7);First discharge nozzle (9) is welded on screen box (10) right side;There are two second fixed plate (18) settings, is welded on the inner wall of screen box (10) left and right and solid positioned at first Below fixed board (8);Second buffer spring (22) is welded in the second fixed plate (18);The second screening web plate (19) welds It is connected on two second buffer springs (22);Second discharge nozzle (11) is welded on the left of screen box (10);The drainage conduit (21) it is welded below screen box (10);Second rewinding case (12) setting is on the left of pedestal (13) and is located at the second discharge nozzle (11) discharge port lower end;First rewinding case (25) setting is on the right side of pedestal (13) and is located at the first discharge nozzle (9) discharge port Lower end;The dedusting and cleaning device includes suction box (2), water outlet cleaning case (3), water inlet pipe (4), fixing bolt (5), venthole (30), the second motor (31), transmission shaft (32), carrier bar (33), fan (34), fixed cylinder (35), ventilative cloth (36), dust are received Header (37), air inlet pipe (38), air-suction cover (39), crush box mounting hole (40), air inlet pipe intercommunicating pore (41) and water distributing pore (42); The water outlet cleaning case (3) is fixed at using fixing bolt (5) on screen box (10);Water inlet pipe (4) fixed setting On water outlet cleaning case (3) left side;The suction box (2) is fixed on water outlet cleaning case (3);The carrier bar (33) sets There are two setting, it is welded on suction box (2) inner wall;Second motor (31) is fixed on two carrier bars (33);Institute Transmission shaft (32) is stated to be fixed on the second motor (31);The fan (34) is fixed on transmission shaft (32) lower end; The fixed cylinder (35) is welded on carrier bar (33);The ventilative cloth (36) is fixed in fixed cylinder (35) inner wall;Institute It states dust collecting box (37) and screws and be fixed at below fixed cylinder (35);Described air inlet pipe (38) one end passes through suction box (2) It is arranged in dust collecting box (37), the other end is arranged by air inlet pipe intercommunicating pore (41) in screen box (10);The air-breathing Cover (39) is fixed on air inlet pipe (38) lower end.
2. building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first fixed column (46) it is connect by damping spring (47) with the second fixed column (48).
3. building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first of left side setting is solid Fixed board (8) is higher than first fixed plate (8) on right side.
4. building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the second of right side setting is solid Fixed board (18) is higher than second fixed plate (18) in left side.
5. building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the second screening web plate (19) sieve pore is less than the sieve pore of the first screening web plate (6).
6. building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that on the drainage conduit (21) It is provided with sealing cover (20).
7. building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water outlet cleaning case (3) water distributing pore (42) is provided on lower face.
8. building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water outlet cleaning case (3) it is provided with air inlet pipe intercommunicating pore (41) in right side.
9. building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water outlet cleaning case (3) it is provided with crush box mounting hole (40) in left side.
10. building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that on the suction box (2) Venthole (30) is provided on end.
CN201710135210.5A 2017-03-09 2017-03-09 A kind of building material crushing and screening dust-extraction unit Active CN106902938B (en)

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