CN106830681B - A kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze, compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze, compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN106830681B
CN106830681B CN201611169866.0A CN201611169866A CN106830681B CN 106830681 B CN106830681 B CN 106830681B CN 201611169866 A CN201611169866 A CN 201611169866A CN 106830681 B CN106830681 B CN 106830681B
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weight
parts
glaze
temperature
pottery
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CN106830681A (en
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李应洲
贾海洋
王京航
苗占军
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Song Guan Limited by Share Ltd
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Henan Dasong Guan Kiln Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze, compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery and preparation method thereof.Compared with prior art, the present invention uses unique compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze formula, it is cooperated by each component and its content, collective effect, realizes applications well of the compound furnace transmutation glaze on pottery, obtain abundant glaze colours, texture multiplicity and above-mentioned glaze colours and the stable compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery of texture.The compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that the present invention is prepared has the emerald green dotted and linear texture that flashes in red Sub-shine glaze;Dotted texture as at the beginning of fresh green on, linear texture or as spring rattan is vigorously upward, or as walked in earthworm mud, or such as ancient inscriptions on bones or tortoise shells shape.Compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery provided by the invention has historied vicissitudes sense, if history is as drawn, allows people to have one imagination after another, substantially increases the artistic appreciation and commercial value of pottery.

Description

A kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze, compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to pottery technical fields, are to be related to a kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze, compound furnace transmutation glaze more specifically Pottery and preparation method thereof.
Background technique
Pottery, source area Countermeasure In Yuzhou City of Henan Province, kiln are gained the name with the domestic historic site in Yuzhou City " Gu Juntai ".Traditional pottery be with Copper and ferro element are major colorants, the ware that the opalescence jade-like stone profit of high temperature firing, purple are set off in a reducing atmosphere, Preparation process specifically: on biscuit surface using glaze, brushing glazing or the method for glaze spraying is dipped in, apply one layer with natural crystal, artificial system The glaze slip of standby raw material and industrial chemicals composition, after drying, cooperation burning process is prepared.Wherein, natural crystal raw material master There are feldspar, calcite, Agate, talcum, Copper Ores, iron ore etc., the raw material manually prepared has plant ash, ox bone ash etc., Industrial chemicals mainly has copper oxide, stannic oxide, zinc oxide etc..
Currently, more colourful transmutation effect in order to obtain, the method that modern crafts use secondary glazing, using not Ground coat enamel and overglaze with colour generation are glaze, and are cooperated with enameling method, available color composite glaze more abundant.Such as The Chinese patent of Publication No. 104211444A discloses a kind of preparation method of transmutation chrysanthemum fancy glaze, using metallic luster Asia The control of the overglaze glaze formula and specific sintering process, especially heating rate of the black ground coat enamel of light and bright red is made One kind flashing the patch of metal cyan black using chrysanthemum fancy glaze as dominant hue, forms unique rich in three-dimensional art effect The transmutation chrysanthemum fancy glaze of fruit.For another example the Chinese patent of Publication No. 105503273A discloses a kind of system of tire Chinese ilex glaze of making pottery Preparation Method successively applies the different ground coat enamels and overglaze of melting temperature using glaze method, has obtained the mixed complicated color of green, blue, green phase It adjusts.
And pottery is peculiar, key is its " it is of the same colour entering kiln, kiln discharge ten thousand is color ", and glaze colours intersects with lines to be stacked, out Can occur colorful, varied transmutation effect after kiln.But since pottery has unique glaze formula and firing System, how the prior art is for obtain glaze colours abundant, texture multiplicity and above-mentioned glaze colours and the stable compound furnace transmutation glaze an ancient unit of weight of texture Porcelain does not have been reported that, therefore, it is impossible to applications well of the compound furnace transmutation glaze on pottery be realized, to limit pottery artistic ornamental The raising of property and commercial value.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze, compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery and preparation method thereof, this The compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze that invention provides can be realized applications well of the compound furnace transmutation glaze on pottery, the compound kiln being prepared Becoming glaze pottery has the emerald green dotted and linear grain effect that flashes in red Sub-shine glaze.
The present invention provides a kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze, including ground coat enamel glaze, overglaze glaze and clear frit glaze;
The ground coat enamel glaze includes following components: 40 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~50 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 10 parts by weight~15 Parts by weight, 10 parts by weight of Copper Ores~15 parts by weight, 2 parts by weight of copper oxide~5 parts by weight, 10 parts by weight of calcite~18 weight Part, 3 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of tin oxide~3 parts by weight, oxidation 0.5 parts by weight of chromium~1.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of bovine bone powder~4 parts by weight;
The overglaze glaze includes following components: 15 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~25 parts by weight, and 20 parts by weight of Yushan feldspar~ 28 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 15 parts by weight~20 parts by weight, 25 parts by weight of calcite~30 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of copper oxide~2 weights Amount part, 2 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of tin oxide~2.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 parts by weight;
The clear frit glaze includes following components: 40 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~50 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 10 parts by weight~ 15 parts by weight, 25 parts by weight of calcite~35 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 weight Part, 0.5 parts by weight of tin oxide~2.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 parts by weight, 0.5 parts by weight of bovine bone powder~2.5 weight Part.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation methods of compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery, comprising the following steps:
A) ground coat enamel glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal is mixed with water, successively carries out the first ball milling and the first sieving, obtains Glaze slurry on earth;The slot size of first sieving is 300 mesh, and the surplus of the first sieving is no more than 0.5%;
B) overglaze glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal is mixed with water, successively carries out the second ball milling and the second sieving, obtains To overglaze slurry;The slot size of second sieving is 180 mesh, and the surplus of the second sieving is no more than 0.5%;
C) clear frit glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal is mixed with water, successively carries out third ball milling and third sieving, Obtain clear frit slurry;The slot size of the third sieving is 250 mesh, and the surplus of the second sieving is no more than 0.5%;
D) glazing of ground coat enamel slurry, the glazing of overglaze slurry and clear frit slurry glazing are successively carried out on pottery green body, are reburned System, obtains compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery;
The step a), step b) and c) no sequence limitation.
Preferably, the mass ratio of ground coat enamel glaze, the ball of the first ball milling and water described in step a) is 1:(1.3~1.6): (0.8~1), the time of first ball milling are 45h~50h.
Preferably, the mass ratio of overglaze glaze, the ball of the second ball milling and water described in step b) is 1:(1.3~1.6): (0.6~0.8), the time of second ball milling are 20h~25h.
Preferably, the mass ratio of clear frit glaze, the ball of third ball milling and water described in step c) is 1:(1.3~1.6): (1~1.2), the time of the third ball milling are 35h~40h.
Preferably, the glaze slip specific gravity of ground coat enamel slurry glazing described in step d) is 50 Baume degrees~52 Baume degrees, with a thickness of 0.5mm~1mm;
The glaze slip specific gravity of the overglaze slurry glazing is 52 Baume degrees~55 Baume degrees, with a thickness of 0.7mm~1.2mm;
The glaze slip specific gravity of the clear frit slurry glazing is 48 Baume degrees~50 Baume degrees, with a thickness of 0.05mm~0.2mm.
Preferably, the process of firing described in step d) is fired using natural gas kiln.
Preferably, the process of firing described in step d) specifically:
B1) pre- thermal oxidation phase: kiln temperature is risen to by the first temperature with the heating rate of 8 DEG C/min, then with the liter of 5 DEG C/min Kiln temperature is risen to second temperature by the first temperature by warm speed, and is kept the temperature at the first time;First temperature is 595 DEG C~605 DEG C; The second temperature is 990 DEG C~1010 DEG C;The first time is 15min~25min;
B2) the first reduction phase: in control kiln the concentration of CO 15% or more, with the heating rate of 50 DEG C/h by kiln temperature by Second temperature rises to third temperature;The third temperature is 1090 DEG C~1110 DEG C;
B3) the second reduction phase: the concentration of CO is 9%~11% in control kiln, with the heating rate of 40 DEG C/h by kiln temperature 4th temperature is risen to by third temperature;4th temperature is 1220 DEG C~1240 DEG C;
B4) third reduction phase: control kiln in CO concentration be 4%~6%, with the heating rate of 20 DEG C/h by kiln temperature by 4th temperature rises to the 5th temperature;5th temperature is 1245 DEG C~1255 DEG C;
B5) cooling stage: with the cooling rate of 10 DEG C/min by kiln temperature by the 5th greenhouse cooling to 1000 DEG C, then with 2 DEG C/ Kiln temperature is down to 550 DEG C by the cooling rate of min, and kiln temperature is finally naturally cooling to 200 DEG C or less.
The present invention also provides a kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery, the compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery as described in above-mentioned technical proposal Preparation method is prepared.
The present invention provides a kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze, compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery and preparation method thereof, the compound kilns Becoming glaze glaze includes ground coat enamel glaze, overglaze glaze and clear frit glaze;The ground coat enamel glaze includes following components: 40 weight of potassium feldspar Measure part~50 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 10 parts by weight~15 parts by weight, 10 parts by weight of Copper Ores~15 parts by weight, 2 weight of copper oxide Part~5 parts by weight, 10 parts by weight of calcite~18 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight~6 of zinc oxide Parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of tin oxide~3 parts by weight, 0.5 parts by weight of chromium oxide~1.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 weight Part, 1 parts by weight of bovine bone powder~4 parts by weight;The overglaze glaze includes following components: 15 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~25 parts by weight, 20 parts by weight of Yushan feldspar~28 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 15 parts by weight~20 parts by weight, 25 parts by weight of calcite~30 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of copper oxide~2 parts by weight, 2 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 parts by weight, tin oxide 1 Parts by weight~2.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 parts by weight;The clear frit glaze includes following components: 40 weight of potassium feldspar Measure part~50 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 10 parts by weight~15 parts by weight, 25 parts by weight of calcite~35 parts by weight, 3 weight of kaolin Part~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 parts by weight, 0.5 parts by weight of tin oxide~2.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight~2 of talcum Parts by weight, 0.5 parts by weight of bovine bone powder~2.5 parts by weight.Compared with prior art, the present invention uses unique compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze Material formula is cooperated, collective effect by each component and its content, realizes applications well of the compound furnace transmutation glaze on pottery, Obtain glaze colours abundant, texture multiplicity and above-mentioned glaze colours and the stable compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery of texture.What the present invention was prepared answers Closing furnace transmutation glaze pottery has the emerald green dotted and linear texture that flashes in red Sub-shine glaze;Dotted texture as at the beginning of fresh green on, line Shape texture or such as spring rattan are vigorously upward, or walk in such as earthworm mud, or such as ancient inscriptions on bones or tortoise shells shape.Compound furnace transmutation glaze provided by the invention Pottery has historied vicissitudes sense, if history is as drawn, allows people to have one imagination after another, substantially increases the artistic appreciation and business valence of pottery Value.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram for the compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram for the compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that the embodiment of the present invention 2 provides;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram for the compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that the embodiment of the present invention 3 provides.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, technical solution of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that institute The embodiment of description is only a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, Every other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts, belongs to this hair The range of bright protection.
The present invention provides a kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze, including ground coat enamel glaze, overglaze glaze and clear frit glaze;
The ground coat enamel glaze includes following components: 40 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~50 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 10 parts by weight~15 Parts by weight, 10 parts by weight of Copper Ores~15 parts by weight, 2 parts by weight of copper oxide~5 parts by weight, 10 parts by weight of calcite~18 weight Part, 3 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of tin oxide~3 parts by weight, oxidation 0.5 parts by weight of chromium~1.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of bovine bone powder~4 parts by weight;
The overglaze glaze includes following components: 15 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~25 parts by weight, and 20 parts by weight of Yushan feldspar~ 28 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 15 parts by weight~20 parts by weight, 25 parts by weight of calcite~30 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of copper oxide~2 weights Amount part, 2 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of tin oxide~2.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 parts by weight;
The clear frit glaze includes following components: 40 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~50 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 10 parts by weight~ 15 parts by weight, 25 parts by weight of calcite~35 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 weight Part, 0.5 parts by weight of tin oxide~2.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 parts by weight, 0.5 parts by weight of bovine bone powder~2.5 weight Part.
In the present invention, the compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze includes ground coat enamel glaze.In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes Potassium feldspar.In the present invention, the potassium feldspar is the aluminium silicate mineral (K of potassium2O·Al2O3·4SiO2), have wider molten Melt range, is melted in the form of incoherent at 1230 DEG C or so, form sticky vitreum.In the present invention, the potassium feldspar exists Play parent glaze in pottery glaze;The present invention is not particularly limited the source of the potassium feldspar.In the present invention, the bottom Glaze glaze includes 40 parts by weight~50 parts by weight potassium feldspar, preferably 45 parts by weight~48 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze Bao Kuo Ying sandstone., Suo Shu Ying sandstone is one kind that is produced from Yuzhou in the present invention Quartzy class mineral reserve, rich reserves;Stated Ying sandstone is in Bluish white, contains a small amount of mica, and dioxide-containing silica is 67% or so, is contained Iron is low.Effect of the , Suo Shu Ying sandstone in glaze in the present invention is to improve melting temperature and high temperature viscosity, and improve compound The chemical stability of furnace transmutation glaze.In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes 10 parts by weight~15 parts by weight Ying sandstone, preferably For 12 parts by weight~13 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes Copper Ores.In the present invention, the Copper Ores are a kind of similar to white The solvent borne mineral of marble, it is blocky in khaki, it is interior impure more, there is a small amount of copper, for preparing pottery glaze, rises Colorant effect;The present invention is lower from Yuzhou Mountainous Area of North, copper content to the Copper Ores.In the present invention, the bottom Glaze glaze includes 10 parts by weight~15 parts by weight Copper Ores, preferably 12 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes copper oxide, zinc oxide, tin oxide and chromium oxide.In the present invention, institute It states copper oxide and chromium oxide is major colorants, copper oxide and chromium oxide reaction generate CuCr under reducing atmosphere2O4Or Cu2Cr2O4, Dark green is presented.In the present invention, the zinc oxide and tin oxide are auxiliary colorant.The present invention is to the copper oxide, oxidation The source of zinc, tin oxide and chromium oxide is not particularly limited, using above-mentioned copper oxide well known to those skilled in the art, oxidation The commercial goods of zinc, tin oxide and chromium oxide.In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes 2 parts by weight~5 parts by weight Copper oxide, preferably 3 parts by weight;The ground coat enamel glaze includes 3 parts by weight~6 parts by weight zinc oxide, and preferably 4 parts by weight~ 5 parts by weight;The ground coat enamel glaze includes 1 parts by weight~3 parts by weight tin oxide, preferably 2 parts by weight;The ground coat enamel glaze packet Include 0.5 parts by weight~1.5 parts by weight chromium oxide, preferably 1 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes calcite.In the present invention, the calcite is also one that produced from Yuzhou Kind glaze stone, rich reserves are in cream white, are that quality is purer for the veiny mineral in deposition limestone and strata of metamorphic rocks Calcium carbonate raw material plays solvent action in ground coat enamel glaze.In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes 10 parts by weight~18 weight The calcite of part, preferably 13 parts by weight~17 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes kaolin.In the present invention, the kaolin is that the class that is produced from Yuzhou is high Ridge clay mineral, rich reserves are a kind of clays conducive to porcelain making, can be improved the stability and whiteness of compound furnace transmutation glaze.? In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes 3 parts by weight~5 parts by weight kaolin, preferably 3 parts by weight~4 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes talcum.In the present invention, the talcum can increase glaze to the long glistening light of waves Reflectivity, improve the brightness of glaze;The present invention is not particularly limited the source of the talcum.In the present invention, described Ground coat enamel glaze includes 1 parts by weight~2 parts by weight talcum, preferably 1 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes bovine bone powder.In the present invention, the bovine bone powder is ox bone bone through 1000 DEG C high-temperature calcination after be made, it is opacifiers in glaze that main component, which is calcium phosphate, and compound furnace transmutation glaze is made to generate split-phase and be in Existing opal effect.In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze includes 1 parts by weight~4 parts by weight bovine bone powder, preferably 2 parts by weight ~3 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze includes overglaze glaze.In the present invention, the overglaze glaze includes Potassium feldspar.In the present invention, the potassium feldspar is identical as potassium feldspar used in ground coat enamel glaze, and details are not described herein.In this hair In bright, the overglaze glaze includes 15 parts by weight~25 parts by weight potassium feldspar, preferably 18 parts by weight~20 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the overglaze glaze includes Yushan feldspar.In the present invention, the Yushan feldspar is what was produced from Yuzhou A kind of glaze stone, plays parent glaze in overglaze glaze.In the present invention, the overglaze glaze includes 20 parts by weight~28 weights Measure the Yushan feldspar of part, preferably 22 parts by weight~25 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the overglaze glaze Bao Kuo Ying sandstone, calcite, kaolin and talcum.In the present invention, described Ying sandstone, calcite, kaolin and talcum are identical as used in ground coat enamel glaze, and details are not described herein.In the present invention, described Overglaze glaze includes 15 parts by weight~20 parts by weight Ying sandstone, preferably 17 parts by weight;The overglaze glaze includes 25 weight The calcite of part~30 parts by weight, preferably 26 parts by weight~28 parts by weight;The overglaze glaze includes 2 parts by weight~5 weight The kaolin of part, preferably 3 parts by weight~4 parts by weight;The overglaze glaze includes 1 parts by weight~2 parts by weight talcum, preferably For 1 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the overglaze glaze includes copper oxide, zinc oxide and tin oxide.In the present invention, the oxidation Copper is colorant, generates cuprous oxide under reducing atmosphere, is in copper red color.In the present invention, the zinc oxide and tin oxide are Auxiliary colorant and opacifiers.The present invention is not particularly limited the source of the copper oxide, zinc oxide and tin oxide, using this The commercial goods of above-mentioned copper oxide, zinc oxide and tin oxide known to the technical staff of field.In the present invention, the overglaze Glaze includes 1 parts by weight~2 parts by weight copper oxide, preferably 1.5 parts by weight;The overglaze glaze includes 3 parts by weight~6 weights Measure the zinc oxide of part, preferably 4 parts by weight~5 parts by weight;The overglaze glaze includes the oxidation of 1 parts by weight~2.5 parts by weight Tin, preferably 1.5 parts by weight~2 parts by weight.
In the present invention, the compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze includes clear frit glaze.In the present invention, the clear frit glaze Including potassium feldspar, Ying sandstone, calcite, kaolin, zinc oxide, tin oxide, talcum and bovine bone powder, above-mentioned raw materials and ground coat enamel glaze Used in it is identical, details are not described herein.In the present invention, the clear frit glaze includes 40 parts by weight~50 parts by weight potassium Feldspar, preferably 45 parts by weight~48 parts by weight;The clear frit glaze includes 10 parts by weight~15 parts by weight Ying sandstone, excellent It is selected as 12 parts by weight~14 parts by weight;The clear frit glaze includes 25 parts by weight~35 parts by weight calcite, and preferably 28 Parts by weight~34 parts by weight;The clear frit glaze includes 3 parts by weight~5 parts by weight kaolin, and preferably 3 parts by weight~ 3.5 parts by weight;The clear frit glaze includes 3 parts by weight~6 parts by weight zinc oxide, preferably 4 parts by weight~5 parts by weight; The clear frit glaze includes 0.5 parts by weight~2.5 parts by weight tin oxide, preferably 1 parts by weight~2 parts by weight;It is described Bright glaze glaze includes 1 parts by weight~2 parts by weight talcum, preferably 1 parts by weight;The clear frit glaze includes 0.5 parts by weight The bovine bone powder of~2.5 parts by weight, preferably 1 parts by weight~2 parts by weight.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation methods of compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery, comprising the following steps:
A) ground coat enamel glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal is mixed with water, successively carries out the first ball milling and the first sieving, obtains Glaze slurry on earth;The slot size of first sieving is 300 mesh, and the surplus of the first sieving is no more than 0.5%;
B) overglaze glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal is mixed with water, successively carries out the second ball milling and the second sieving, obtains To overglaze slurry;The slot size of second sieving is 180 mesh, and the surplus of the second sieving is no more than 0.5%;
C) clear frit glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal is mixed with water, successively carries out third ball milling and third sieving, Obtain clear frit slurry;The slot size of the third sieving is 250 mesh, and the surplus of the second sieving is no more than 0.5%;
D) glazing of ground coat enamel slurry, the glazing of overglaze slurry and clear frit slurry glazing are successively carried out on pottery green body, are reburned System, obtains compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery;
The step a), step b) and c) no sequence limitation.
The present invention mixes ground coat enamel glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal with water, successively carries out the first ball milling and the first mistake Sieve, obtains ground coat enamel slurry.In the present invention, the ground coat enamel glaze is ground coat enamel glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention couple This is repeated no more.In the present invention, the mass ratio of the ground coat enamel glaze, the ball of the first ball milling and water is 1:(1.3~1.6): (0.8~1), more preferably 1:1.5: 0.9.
In the present invention, the purpose of first ball milling is to make in ground coat enamel glaze each component levigate and be sufficiently mixed uniformly; The present invention is not particularly limited the equipment of first ball milling, is using 200L ball mill well known to those skilled in the art It can.In the present invention, the time of first ball milling is preferably 45h~50h, more preferably 48h.
After completing first mechanical milling process, the ground coat enamel glaze mixture after the first ball milling is carried out the first mistake by the present invention Sieve, obtains ground coat enamel slurry.In the present invention, the slot size of first sieving is 300 mesh, and the surplus of the first sieving is no more than 0.5%.
Meanwhile the present invention mixes overglaze glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal with water, successively carries out the second ball milling and Two sievings, obtain overglaze slurry.In the present invention, the overglaze glaze is overglaze glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal, this hair It is bright that this is repeated no more.In the present invention, the mass ratio of the overglaze glaze, the ball of the second ball milling and water is 1: (1.3~1.6) : (0.6~0.8), more preferably 1: 1.5:0.7.
In the present invention, the purpose of second ball milling is to make in overglaze glaze each component levigate and be sufficiently mixed uniformly; The present invention is not particularly limited the equipment of second ball milling, is using 200L ball mill well known to those skilled in the art It can.In the present invention, the time of second ball milling is preferably 20h~25h, more preferably for 24 hours.
After completing second mechanical milling process, the overglaze glaze mixture after the second ball milling is carried out the second mistake by the present invention Sieve, obtains overglaze slurry.In the present invention, the slot size of second sieving is 180 mesh, and the surplus of the second sieving is no more than 0.5%.
Meanwhile the present invention mixes clear frit glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal with water, successively carry out third ball milling and Third sieving, obtains clear frit slurry.In the present invention, the clear frit glaze is clear frit glaze described in above-mentioned technical proposal Material, the present invention repeat no more this.In the present invention, the mass ratio of the clear frit glaze, the ball of third ball milling and water is 1: (1.3~1.6): (1~1.2), more preferably 1:1.5:1.1.
In the present invention, the purpose of the third ball milling is to make in clear frit glaze each component levigate and be sufficiently mixed It is even;The present invention is not particularly limited the equipment of the third ball milling, using 200L ball mill well known to those skilled in the art ?.In the present invention, the time of the third ball milling is preferably 35h~40h, more preferably 36h.
After completing the third mechanical milling process, the clear frit glaze mixture after third ball milling is carried out third mistake by the present invention Sieve, obtains clear frit slurry.In the present invention, the slot size of the third sieving is 250 mesh, and the surplus of the second sieving does not surpass Cross 0.5%.
After respectively obtaining ground coat enamel slurry, overglaze slurry and clear frit slurry, the present invention successively carries out bottom on pottery green body The glazing of glaze slurry, the glazing of overglaze slurry and clear frit slurry glazing, then fire, obtain compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery.In the present invention, The pottery green body is the biscuit well known to those skilled in the art for being used to prepare pottery, it is preferred to use those skilled in the art are ripe The preparation method known is prepared, specifically:
(1) blank formulation is as follows: 5 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~15 parts by weight;25 parts by weight of Ying sandstone~35 parts by weight;Grind street 20 parts by weight of carclazyte~30 parts by weight;Ecliptic soil 20 parts by weight~30 parts by weight, 8 parts by weight of camwood knag~10 parts by weight.
(2) above-mentioned blank is added into water for ball milling, controls 180 mesh sieve margins no more than 0.5%;Then it is made in plaster cast Make blank, by blank drying, repair and wash, examine after, non-packed biscuiting 4h~6h, obtains pottery green body at 980 DEG C~1020 DEG C.
In the present invention, blank formulation in above-mentioned amount ranges, process conditions in above parameter range, obtained an ancient unit of weight Porcelain billet body is on the glaze colour generation of compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery without influence.
The present invention carries out the glazing of ground coat enamel slurry first on pottery green body.In the present invention, the ground coat enamel slurry glazing Mode preferably soaks glaze, specifically: it is come out being lifted after pottery green body immersion ground coat enamel slurry, natural drying.In the present invention, institute The glaze slip specific gravity for stating ground coat enamel slurry glazing is preferably 50 Baume degrees~52 Baume degrees, more preferably 52 Baume degrees;The ground coat enamel slurry The thickness for expecting glazing is preferably 0.5mm~1mm, more preferably 0.6mm~0.8mm.In the present invention, the ground coat enamel slurry is opposite Relatively thin, glaze slip specific gravity is moderate, and glaze layer is moderate.
After completing the ground coat enamel slurry glazing, the pottery green body of above-mentioned carry out ground coat enamel slurry glazing is carried out overglaze by the present invention Slurry glazing.In the present invention, the mode of the overglaze slurry glazing preferably soaks glaze, specifically: by above-mentioned carry out ground coat enamel slurry It lifts and comes out after the pottery green body immersion overglaze slurry of material glazing, natural drying.In the present invention, the overglaze slurry glazing Glaze slip specific gravity is preferably 52 Baume degrees~55 Baume degrees, more preferably 54 Baume degrees;The thickness of the overglaze slurry glazing is preferred For 0.7mm~1.2mm, more preferably 0.8mm~1mm.In the present invention, the overglaze slurry is relatively thick, glaze slip specific gravity compared with Greatly, glaze layer is thicker.
After completing the overglaze slurry glazing, the present invention carries out the pottery green body of above-mentioned carry out overglaze slurry glazing transparent Glaze slurry glazing.In the present invention, the mode of the clear frit slurry glazing preferably soaks glaze, specifically: by above-mentioned carry out face It lifts and comes out after the pottery green body immersion clear frit slurry of glaze slurry glazing, natural drying.In the present invention, the transparent glaze slip The glaze slip specific gravity for expecting glazing is preferably 48 Baume degrees~50 Baume degrees, more preferably 50 Baume degrees;The clear frit slurry glazing Thickness be preferably 0.05mm~0.2mm, more preferably 0.15mm.In the present invention, the clear frit slurry is relatively thin, glaze Slurry specific gravity is smaller, and glaze layer is relatively thin.
After completing the glazing process, the pottery green body after glazing is fired by the present invention, obtains compound furnace transmutation glaze an ancient unit of weight Porcelain.In the present invention, the process of the firing preferably uses natural gas kiln to fire, but is not limited to natural gas kiln.The present invention adopts It is fired with natural gas kiln, by lighting a fire, adjust flashboard, close the processes such as fire, can be realized control kiln temperature, CO content in kiln And kiln inner pressure, to accurately control the redox condition in the calcining system and sintering procedure of pottery in kiln.
In the present invention, the process of the firing is preferred specifically:
B1) pre- thermal oxidation phase: kiln temperature is risen to by the first temperature with the heating rate of 8 DEG C/min, then with the liter of 5 DEG C/min Kiln temperature is risen to second temperature by the first temperature by warm speed, and is kept the temperature at the first time;
B2) the first reduction phase: in control kiln the concentration of CO 15% or more, with the heating rate of 50 DEG C/h by kiln temperature by Second temperature rises to third temperature;
B3) the second reduction phase: the concentration of CO is 9%~11% in control kiln, with the heating rate of 40 DEG C/h by kiln temperature 4th temperature is risen to by third temperature;
B4) third reduction phase: control kiln in CO concentration be 4%~6%, with the heating rate of 20 DEG C/h by kiln temperature by 4th temperature rises to the 5th temperature;
B5) cooling stage: with the cooling rate of 10 DEG C/min by kiln temperature by the 5th greenhouse cooling to 1000 DEG C, then with 2 DEG C/ Kiln temperature is down to 550 DEG C by the cooling rate of min, and kiln temperature is finally naturally cooling to 200 DEG C or less.
In the present invention, first temperature is preferably 595 DEG C~605 DEG C, more preferably 600 DEG C.In the present invention, institute Stating second temperature is preferably 990 DEG C~1010 DEG C, more preferably 1000 DEG C.In the present invention, the third temperature is preferably 1090 DEG C~1110 DEG C, more preferably 1100 DEG C.In the present invention, the 4th temperature is preferably 1220 DEG C~1240 DEG C, more Preferably 1230 DEG C.In the present invention, the 5th temperature is preferably 1245 DEG C~1255 DEG C, and more preferably 1250 DEG C.At this In invention, the first time is preferably 15min~25min, more preferably 20min.
After completing the sintering procedure, opens kiln and obtain compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery.
The present invention uses above-mentioned sintering procedure, according to being restored after initial oxidation, and the firing system of strict control reduction phase Degree can obtain glaze colours abundant, texture multiplicity and above-mentioned glaze colours and the stable compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery of texture, both enrich pottery Glaze colours effect, and improve the calcining system of pottery.
In the present invention, the ground coat enamel is high-copper glaze, and ground coat enamel slurry is relatively thin, and glaze slip specific gravity is moderate, and glaze layer is moderate, Copper oxide is reacted with chromium oxide under reducing atmosphere generates CuCr2O4Or Cu2Cr2O4, it is in dark green;The overglaze is the copper red of low copper Glaze, overglaze slurry is relatively thick, and glaze slip specific gravity is larger, and glaze layer is thicker, generates cuprous oxide under reducing atmosphere, takes on a red color.By Thinner in ground coat enamel, overglaze is thicker, and ground coat enamel is different with copper content in overglaze, and dark green is presented in the place for causing copper coin cellulose content high, Copper red color is presented in the low place of copper coin cellulose content.Finally, applying one layer of very thin clear frit in outermost layer, main function is Copper is protected, prevents copper from volatilizing, guarantees that dark green can be presented in the high position of copper coin cellulose content;In addition, in the packet of clear frit It wraps up in down, increases the mobility of high-copper glaze, so that dark green is capable of forming good-looking texture.
The present invention also provides a kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery, the compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery as described in above-mentioned technical proposal Preparation method is prepared.The present invention uses unique compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze formula, passes through each component and its content phase interworking It closes, collective effect, realizes applications well of the compound furnace transmutation glaze on pottery, obtain abundant glaze colours, texture multiplicity and above-mentioned glaze colours The stable compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery with texture.The compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that the present invention is prepared has to be dodged in red Sub-shine glaze Existing emerald green dotted and linear texture;Dotted texture as at the beginning of fresh green on, linear texture or as spring rattan is vigorously upward, or such as earthworm mud Middle walking, or such as ancient inscriptions on bones or tortoise shells shape.Compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery provided by the invention has historied vicissitudes sense, if history is as drawn, allows People's thoughts thronging one's mind, substantially increase the artistic appreciation and commercial value of pottery.
The present invention provides a kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze, compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery and preparation method thereof, the compound kilns Becoming glaze glaze includes ground coat enamel glaze, overglaze glaze and clear frit glaze;The ground coat enamel glaze includes following components: 40 weight of potassium feldspar Measure part~50 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 10 parts by weight~15 parts by weight, 10 parts by weight of Copper Ores~15 parts by weight, 2 weight of copper oxide Part~5 parts by weight, 10 parts by weight of calcite~18 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight~6 of zinc oxide Parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of tin oxide~3 parts by weight, 0.5 parts by weight of chromium oxide~1.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 weight Part, 1 parts by weight of bovine bone powder~4 parts by weight;The overglaze glaze includes following components: 15 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~25 parts by weight, 20 parts by weight of Yushan feldspar~28 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 15 parts by weight~20 parts by weight, 25 parts by weight of calcite~30 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of copper oxide~2 parts by weight, 2 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 parts by weight, tin oxide 1 Parts by weight~2.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 parts by weight;The clear frit glaze includes following components: 40 weight of potassium feldspar Measure part~50 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 10 parts by weight~15 parts by weight, 25 parts by weight of calcite~35 parts by weight, 3 weight of kaolin Part~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 parts by weight, 0.5 parts by weight of tin oxide~2.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight~2 of talcum Parts by weight, 0.5 parts by weight of bovine bone powder~2.5 parts by weight.Compared with prior art, the present invention uses unique compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze Material formula is cooperated, collective effect by each component and its content, realizes applications well of the compound furnace transmutation glaze on pottery, Obtain glaze colours abundant, texture multiplicity and above-mentioned glaze colours and the stable compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery of texture.What the present invention was prepared answers Closing furnace transmutation glaze pottery has the emerald green dotted and linear texture that flashes in red Sub-shine glaze;Dotted texture as at the beginning of fresh green on, line Shape texture or such as spring rattan are vigorously upward, or walk in such as earthworm mud, or such as ancient inscriptions on bones or tortoise shells shape.Compound furnace transmutation glaze provided by the invention Pottery has historied vicissitudes sense, if history is as drawn, allows people to have one imagination after another, substantially increases the artistic appreciation and business valence of pottery Value.
In addition, the present invention is after initial oxidation according to restoring, and the calcining system of strict control reduction phase, glaze can be obtained The compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that color is abundant, texture multiplicity and above-mentioned glaze colours and texture are stable, had not only enriched the glaze colours effect of pottery, but also Improve the calcining system of pottery.
In order to further illustrate the present invention, it is described in detail below by following embodiment.It is used in following embodiment Potassium feldspar, Ying sandstone, calcite, kaolin, talcum, Yushan feldspar derive from the Feng Chishan and great Liu on the Yuzhou periphery mind Hou Mountain;Copper oxide, zinc oxide, tin oxide and chromium oxide used are commercial goods;Bovine bone powder used is fired to obtain by ox bone;Institute Pottery green body is the own product that preparation method described in above-mentioned technical proposal obtains.
Embodiment 1
(1) compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze formula is as follows:
Ground coat enamel glaze: 45 parts by weight , Ying sandstone of potassium feldspar, 12 parts by weight, 12 parts by weight of Copper Ores, 3 parts by weight of copper oxide, 13 parts by weight of calcite, 3 parts by weight of kaolin, 5 parts by weight of zinc oxide, 2 parts by weight of tin oxide, 1 parts by weight of chromium oxide, talcum 1 Parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of bovine bone powder;
Overglaze glaze: 20 parts by weight of potassium feldspar, 25 parts by weight , Ying sandstone of Yushan feldspar, 17 parts by weight, 26 weight of calcite Part, 1.5 parts by weight of copper oxide, 3 parts by weight of kaolin, 5 parts by weight of zinc oxide, 1.5 parts by weight of tin oxide, 1 parts by weight of talcum;
Clear frit glaze: 45 parts by weight , Ying sandstone of potassium feldspar, 12 parts by weight, 32 parts by weight of calcite, 3 weight of kaolin Part, 4 parts by weight of zinc oxide, 2 parts by weight of tin oxide, 1 parts by weight of talcum, 1 parts by weight of bovine bone powder.
(2) above-mentioned ground coat enamel glaze, the ball of ball milling and water are subjected to ball milling 48h according to mass ratio 1:1.5:0.9, cross 300 mesh The surplus of sieve, sieving is no more than 0.5%, obtains ground coat enamel slurry;
Above-mentioned overglaze glaze, the ball of ball milling and water are subjected to ball milling for 24 hours according to mass ratio 1:1.5:0.7 simultaneously, cross 180 mesh The surplus of sieve, sieving is no more than 0.5%, obtains overglaze slurry;
Above-mentioned clear frit glaze, the ball of ball milling and water are subjected to ball milling 36h according to mass ratio 1:1.5:1.0 simultaneously, cross 250 The surplus of mesh, sieving is no more than 0.5%, obtains ground coat enamel slurry.
(3) glazing of ground coat enamel slurry is carried out on pottery green body: pottery green body is immersed to the ground coat enamel slurry of 52 Baume degrees, glazing With a thickness of 0.8mm, natural drying;
Then it carries out the glazing of overglaze slurry: the pottery green body of above-mentioned carry out ground coat enamel slurry glazing is immersed to the face of 55 Baume degrees Glaze slurry, glazing is with a thickness of 1mm, natural drying;
Clear frit slurry glazing is carried out again: the pottery green body of above-mentioned carry out overglaze slurry glazing is immersed into the saturating of 48 Baume degrees Bright glaze slurry, glazing is with a thickness of 0.1mm, natural drying.
Finally fired using natural gas kiln;Calcining system is as follows:
1. pre- thermal oxidation phase: igniting decontrols flashboard to maximum value, kiln temperature is risen to 600 with the heating rate of 8 DEG C/min DEG C, then kiln temperature is risen to 1000 DEG C with the heating rate of 5 DEG C/min, adjustment flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 2.5mm water column, heat preservation 20min;
2. the first reduction phase: adjusting flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 1.5mm~1.8mm water column, controls the concentration of CO in kiln 15% or more, kiln temperature is risen to 1100 DEG C by 1000 DEG C with the heating rate of 50 DEG C/h;
3. the second reduction phase: adjusting flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 1.5mm water column, and the concentration for controlling CO in kiln is 10%, Kiln temperature is risen to 1250 DEG C by 1100 DEG C with the heating rate of 40 DEG C/h;
4. third reduction phase: adjusting flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 0.5mm~0.7mm water column, controls the concentration of CO in kiln It is 5%, kiln temperature is risen to 1280 DEG C by 1250 DEG C with the heating rate of 30 DEG C/h;
5. cooling stage: kiln temperature being cooled to 1000 DEG C by 1280 DEG C with the cooling rate of 10 DEG C/min, then with 2 DEG C/min Cooling rate kiln temperature is down to 550 DEG C, finally close fire, kiln temperature is naturally cooling to 200 DEG C or less;
Kiln is finally opened, compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery is obtained.
The schematic diagram for the compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides is as shown in Figure 1.As shown in Figure 1, the present invention is real The compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that example 1 obtains is applied to flash in red Sub-shine glaze emerald green dotted and linear texture, as at the beginning of fresh green on.
Embodiment 2
(1) compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze formula is as follows:
Ground coat enamel glaze: 48 parts by weight , Ying sandstone of potassium feldspar, 10 parts by weight, 10 parts by weight of Copper Ores, 2 parts by weight of copper oxide, 17 parts by weight of calcite, 4 parts by weight of kaolin, 4 parts by weight of zinc oxide, 1 parts by weight of tin oxide, 1 parts by weight of chromium oxide, talcum 1 Parts by weight, 2 parts by weight of bovine bone powder;
Overglaze glaze: 18 parts by weight of potassium feldspar, 27 parts by weight , Ying sandstone of Yushan feldspar, 15 parts by weight, 27 weight of calcite Part, 2 parts by weight of copper oxide, 2 parts by weight of kaolin, 6 parts by weight of zinc oxide, 2 parts by weight of tin oxide, 1 parts by weight of talcum;
Clear frit glaze: 40 parts by weight , Ying sandstone of potassium feldspar, 14 parts by weight, 34 parts by weight of calcite, 5 weight of kaolin Part, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide, 1 parts by weight of tin oxide, 2 parts by weight of talcum, 1 parts by weight of bovine bone powder.
(2) above-mentioned ground coat enamel glaze, the ball of ball milling and water are subjected to ball milling 48h according to mass ratio 1:1.5:1, cross 300 meshes, The surplus of sieving is no more than 0.5%, obtains ground coat enamel slurry;
Above-mentioned overglaze glaze, the ball of ball milling and water are subjected to ball milling for 24 hours according to mass ratio 1:1.5:0.8 simultaneously, cross 180 mesh The surplus of sieve, sieving is no more than 0.5%, obtains overglaze slurry;
Above-mentioned clear frit glaze, the ball of ball milling and water are subjected to ball milling 36h according to mass ratio 1:1.5:1.0 simultaneously, cross 250 The surplus of mesh, sieving is no more than 0.5%, obtains ground coat enamel slurry.
(3) glazing of ground coat enamel slurry is carried out on pottery green body: pottery green body is immersed to the ground coat enamel slurry of 50 Baume degrees, glazing With a thickness of 0.6mm, natural drying;
Then it carries out the glazing of overglaze slurry: the pottery green body of above-mentioned carry out ground coat enamel slurry glazing is immersed to the face of 55 Baume degrees Glaze slurry, glazing is with a thickness of 1.2mm, natural drying;
Clear frit slurry glazing is carried out again: the pottery green body of above-mentioned carry out overglaze slurry glazing is immersed into the saturating of 50 Baume degrees Bright glaze slurry, glazing is with a thickness of 0.15mm, natural drying.
Finally fired using natural gas kiln;Calcining system is as follows:
1. pre- thermal oxidation phase: igniting decontrols flashboard to maximum value, kiln temperature is risen to 600 with the heating rate of 8 DEG C/min DEG C, then kiln temperature is risen to 1000 DEG C with the heating rate of 5 DEG C/min, adjustment flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 2.5mm water column, heat preservation 20min;
2. the first reduction phase: adjusting flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 1.5mm~1.8mm water column, controls the concentration of CO in kiln 15% or more, kiln temperature is risen to 1100 DEG C by 1000 DEG C with the heating rate of 50 DEG C/h;
3. the second reduction phase: adjusting flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 1.5mm water column, and the concentration for controlling CO in kiln is 10%, Kiln temperature is risen to 1250 DEG C by 1100 DEG C with the heating rate of 40 DEG C/h;
4. third reduction phase: adjusting flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 0.5mm~0.7mm water column, controls the concentration of CO in kiln It is 5%, kiln temperature is risen to 1280 DEG C by 1250 DEG C with the heating rate of 30 DEG C/h;
5. cooling stage: kiln temperature being cooled to 1000 DEG C by 1280 DEG C with the cooling rate of 10 DEG C/min, then with 2 DEG C/min Cooling rate kiln temperature is down to 550 DEG C, finally close fire, kiln temperature is naturally cooling to 200 DEG C or less;
Kiln is finally opened, compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery is obtained.
The schematic diagram for the compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that the embodiment of the present invention 2 provides is as shown in Figure 2.As shown in Figure 2, the present invention is real The compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that example 2 obtains is applied to flash in red Sub-shine glaze emerald green dotted and linear texture, as at the beginning of fresh green on.
Embodiment 3
(1) compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze formula is as follows:
Ground coat enamel glaze: 40 parts by weight , Ying sandstone of potassium feldspar, 13 parts by weight, 15 parts by weight of Copper Ores, 5 parts by weight of copper oxide, 10 parts by weight of calcite, 4 parts by weight of kaolin, 4 parts by weight of zinc oxide, 2.5 parts by weight of tin oxide, 1.5 parts by weight of chromium oxide are sliding 1 parts by weight of stone, 4 parts by weight of bovine bone powder;
Overglaze glaze: 25 parts by weight of potassium feldspar, 22 parts by weight , Ying sandstone of Yushan feldspar, 15 parts by weight, 26 weight of calcite Part, 1 parts by weight of copper oxide, 4 parts by weight of kaolin, 4 parts by weight of zinc oxide, 1 parts by weight of tin oxide, 2 parts by weight of talcum;
Clear frit glaze: 48 parts by weight , Ying sandstone of potassium feldspar, 10 parts by weight, 28 parts by weight of calcite, 3.5 weight of kaolin Part, 5 parts by weight of zinc oxide, 2.5 parts by weight of tin oxide, 1 parts by weight of talcum, 2 parts by weight of bovine bone powder.
(2) above-mentioned ground coat enamel glaze, the ball of ball milling and water are subjected to ball milling 48h according to mass ratio 1: 1.5: 0.8, cross 300 mesh The surplus of sieve, sieving is no more than 0.5%, obtains ground coat enamel slurry;
Above-mentioned overglaze glaze, the ball of ball milling and water are subjected to ball milling for 24 hours according to mass ratio 1:1.5:0.6 simultaneously, cross 180 mesh The surplus of sieve, sieving is no more than 0.5%, obtains overglaze slurry;
Above-mentioned clear frit glaze, the ball of ball milling and water are subjected to ball milling 36h according to mass ratio 1: 1.5: 1.1 simultaneously, cross 250 The surplus of mesh, sieving is no more than 0.5%, obtains ground coat enamel slurry.
(3) glazing of ground coat enamel slurry is carried out on pottery green body: pottery green body is immersed to the ground coat enamel slurry of 50 Baume degrees, glazing With a thickness of 1mm, natural drying;
Then it carries out the glazing of overglaze slurry: the pottery green body of above-mentioned carry out ground coat enamel slurry glazing is immersed to the face of 52 Baume degrees Glaze slurry, glazing is with a thickness of 0.8mm, natural drying;
Clear frit slurry glazing is carried out again: the pottery green body of above-mentioned carry out overglaze slurry glazing is immersed into the saturating of 40 Baume degrees Bright glaze slurry, glazing is with a thickness of 0.10mm, natural drying.
Finally fired using natural gas kiln;Calcining system is as follows:
1. pre- thermal oxidation phase: igniting decontrols flashboard to maximum value, kiln temperature is risen to 600 with the heating rate of 8 DEG C/min DEG C, then kiln temperature is risen to 1000 DEG C with the heating rate of 5 DEG C/min, adjustment flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 2.5mm water column, heat preservation 20min;
2. the first reduction phase: adjusting flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 1.5mm~1.8mm water column, controls the concentration of CO in kiln 15% or more, kiln temperature is risen to 1100 DEG C by 1000 DEG C with the heating rate of 50 DEG C/h;
3. the second reduction phase: adjusting flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 1.5mm water column, and the concentration for controlling CO in kiln is 10%, Kiln temperature is risen to 1250 DEG C by 1100 DEG C with the heating rate of 40 DEG C/h;
4. third reduction phase: adjusting flashboard to kiln inner pressure is 0.5mm~0.7mm water column, controls the concentration of CO in kiln It is 5%, kiln temperature is risen to 1280 DEG C by 1250 DEG C with the heating rate of 30 DEG C/h;
5. cooling stage: kiln temperature being cooled to 1000 DEG C by 1280 DEG C with the cooling rate of 10 DEG C/min, then with 2 DEG C/min Cooling rate kiln temperature is down to 550 DEG C, finally close fire, kiln temperature is naturally cooling to 200 DEG C or less;
Kiln is finally opened, compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery is obtained.
The schematic diagram for the compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that the embodiment of the present invention 3 provides is as shown in Figure 3.From the figure 3, it may be seen that the present invention is real The compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery that example 3 obtains is applied to flash in red Sub-shine glaze emerald green dotted and linear texture, as at the beginning of fresh green on.
The above description of the disclosed embodiments, enables those skilled in the art to implement or use the present invention.It is right A variety of modifications of these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and as defined herein one As principle can realize in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, the present invention will It will not be intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and be to fit to consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein Widest scope.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze glaze, including ground coat enamel glaze, overglaze glaze and clear frit glaze;
The ground coat enamel glaze includes following components: 40 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~50 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 10 parts by weight~15 weight Part, 10 parts by weight of Copper Ores~15 parts by weight, 2 parts by weight of copper oxide~5 parts by weight, 10 parts by weight of calcite~18 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of tin oxide~3 parts by weight, chromium oxide 0.5 parts by weight~1.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of bovine bone powder~4 parts by weight;
The overglaze glaze includes following components: 15 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~25 parts by weight, 20 parts by weight of Yushan feldspar~28 weights Measure 15 parts by weight of Fen , Ying sandstone~20 parts by weight, 25 parts by weight of calcite~30 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of copper oxide~2 weight Part, 2 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of tin oxide~2.5 parts by weight are sliding 1 parts by weight of stone~2 parts by weight;
The clear frit glaze includes following components: 40 parts by weight of potassium feldspar~50 parts by weight , Ying sandstone, 10 parts by weight~15 weights Amount part, 25 parts by weight of calcite~35 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of kaolin~5 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight of zinc oxide~6 parts by weight, 0.5 parts by weight of tin oxide~2.5 parts by weight, 1 parts by weight of talcum~2 parts by weight, 0.5 parts by weight of bovine bone powder~2.5 parts by weight.
2. a kind of preparation method of compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery, comprising the following steps:
A) ground coat enamel glaze described in claim 1 is mixed with water, successively carries out the first ball milling and the first sieving, obtain ground coat enamel slurry Material;The slot size of first sieving is 300 mesh, and the surplus of the first sieving is no more than 0.5%;
B) overglaze glaze described in claim 1 is mixed with water, successively carries out the second ball milling and the second sieving, obtain overglaze slurry Material;The slot size of second sieving is 180 mesh, and the surplus of the second sieving is no more than 0.5%;
C) clear frit glaze described in claim 1 is mixed with water, successively carries out third ball milling and third sieving, obtains transparent Glaze slurry;The slot size of the third sieving is 250 mesh, and the surplus of third sieving is no more than 0.5%;
D) glazing of ground coat enamel slurry, the glazing of overglaze slurry and clear frit slurry glazing are successively carried out on pottery green body, then is fired, and are obtained To compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery;
The step a), step b) and c) no sequence limitation.
3. preparation method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that ground coat enamel glaze described in step a), the first ball milling The mass ratio of ball and water is 1:(1.3~1.6): (0.8~1), the time of first ball milling are 45h~50h.
4. preparation method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that overglaze glaze described in step b), the second ball milling The mass ratio of ball and water is 1:(1.3~1.6): (0.6~0.8), the time of second ball milling are 20h~25h.
5. preparation method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that clear frit glaze described in step c), third ball milling Ball and the mass ratio of water be 1:(1.3~1.6): (1~1.2), time of the third ball milling are 35h~40h.
6. preparation method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the glaze slip ratio of ground coat enamel slurry glazing described in step d) Weight is 50 Baume degrees~52 Baume degrees, with a thickness of 0.5mm~1mm;
The glaze slip specific gravity of the overglaze slurry glazing is 52 Baume degrees~55 Baume degrees, with a thickness of 0.7mm~1.2mm;
The glaze slip specific gravity of the clear frit slurry glazing is 48 Baume degrees~50 Baume degrees, with a thickness of 0.05mm~0.2mm.
7. preparation method according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the process of firing described in step d) uses natural gas Kiln is fired.
8. preparation method according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the process of firing described in step d) specifically:
B1) pre- thermal oxidation phase: kiln temperature is risen to by the first temperature with the heating rate of 8 DEG C/min, then with the heating speed of 5 DEG C/min Kiln temperature is risen to second temperature by the first temperature by degree, and is kept the temperature at the first time;First temperature is 595 DEG C~605 DEG C;It is described Second temperature is 990 DEG C~1010 DEG C;The first time is 15min~25min;
B2) the first reduction phase: the concentration of CO is 15% or more in control kiln, with the heating rate of 50 DEG C/h by kiln temperature by second Temperature rises to third temperature;The third temperature is 1090 DEG C~1110 DEG C;
B3) the second reduction phase: the concentration of CO is 9%~11% in control kiln, with the heating rate of 40 DEG C/h by kiln temperature by the Three temperature rise to the 4th temperature;4th temperature is 1220 DEG C~1240 DEG C;
B4) third reduction phase: the concentration of CO is 4%~6% in control kiln, with the heating rate of 20 DEG C/h by kiln temperature by the 4th Temperature rises to the 5th temperature;5th temperature is 1245 DEG C~1255 DEG C;
B5) cooling stage: with the cooling rate of 10 DEG C/min by kiln temperature by the 5th greenhouse cooling to 1000 DEG C, then with 2 DEG C/min Cooling rate kiln temperature is down to 550 DEG C, kiln temperature is finally naturally cooling to 200 DEG C or less.
9. a kind of compound furnace transmutation glaze pottery, by the preparation method system of the described in any item compound furnace transmutation glaze potterys of claim 2~8 It is standby to obtain.
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