CN106828511A - Rack rails clamp rail tour bus - Google Patents

Rack rails clamp rail tour bus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106828511A
CN106828511A CN201710088305.6A CN201710088305A CN106828511A CN 106828511 A CN106828511 A CN 106828511A CN 201710088305 A CN201710088305 A CN 201710088305A CN 106828511 A CN106828511 A CN 106828511A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tour bus
compartment
clamp rail
wheel
drive
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Granted
Application number
CN201710088305.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106828511B (en
Inventor
陈吉海
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Qinhuangdao Hongding Rail Transportation Equipment Co Ltd
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Qinhuangdao Hongding Rail Transportation Equipment Co Ltd
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Application filed by Qinhuangdao Hongding Rail Transportation Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Qinhuangdao Hongding Rail Transportation Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710088305.6A priority Critical patent/CN106828511B/en
Publication of CN106828511A publication Critical patent/CN106828511A/en
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Publication of CN106828511B publication Critical patent/CN106828511B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61BRAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B61B13/00Other railway systems
    • B61B13/02Rack railways
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61CLOCOMOTIVES; MOTOR RAILCARS
    • B61C3/00Electric locomotives or railcars
    • B61C3/02Electric locomotives or railcars with electric accumulators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61CLOCOMOTIVES; MOTOR RAILCARS
    • B61C7/00Other locomotives or motor railcars
    • B61C7/04Locomotives or motor railcars with two or more different kinds or types of engines, e.g. steam and IC engines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T30/00Transportation of goods or passengers via railways, e.g. energy recovery or reducing air resistance

Abstract

A kind of rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention, including track and tour bus matrix, tooth bar is provided with track, tooth bar makes tour bus matrix travel in orbit with the driving wheel in tour bus matrix by the way of driving is engaged, tour bus matrix includes power compartment, carrying compartment and braking car, power compartment, pull bar is provided between carrying compartment and brake equipped cars and is connected by pull bar, power compartment is used to drive the overall operation of tour bus, carrying compartment is provided with multiple, it is the place for carrying visitor, the effect for braking car is in power-off to tour bus, the compartment of brake hard is carried out when speed is out of control, tour bus matrix is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device using wheel, with track mating reaction, ensure tour bus safe operation.A kind of safety coefficient of present invention offer is high, applied widely using many power combination drive patterns, and climbing capacity is strong, the small rack rails clamp rail tour bus of radius of turn.

Description

Rack rails clamp rail tour bus
Technical field
The present invention relates to tour bus technical field, more particularly to a kind of rack rails clamp rail tour bus.
Background technology
Tour bus goes sight-seeing the important vehicles as scenic spot, and particularly Mountainous Scenic Areas are gone sightseeing, current big of China Type scenic spot, the track tour bus for using is rope traction pattern, and this tour bus is applied to fixed transportation route, Zhi Nengdan Line is transported, and crotch need to separately set new line and need to set transfer post, and transportation range has limitation, and long-distance transportation needs many strings Connection, junction sets transfer post, changes haul distance inconvenience, need to move anchor station;
At present, domestic existing mine field uses double track rack rail road railer, but this kind of road railer using single Fluid motor-driven mode with Diesel engine as power, if this single diesel engine hydraulic drive pattern is used to see When on light car, there is the defect of environmental pollution, once railroad traction breaks down, if can not exclude in time when being parked in halfway, Very big inconvenience is not only brought to the passenger for taking the car, can also cause whole line to be paralysed, deleterious effect is brought to scenic spot.
The content of the invention
A kind of rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention, including track and tour bus matrix, the tour bus matrix is in the rail Travelled on road, it is characterised in that:The tour bus matrix is including power compartment, carrying compartment and brakes car, the power compartment, Pull bar is provided between carrying compartment and brake equipped cars and is connected by the pull bar;
The bottom of the power compartment is provided with dynamic wheel and is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device, and the dynamic wheel is oriented to suspension Include drive device framework and drive device with clamp rail device, the drive device is located in the drive device framework, described Drive device includes support body, driving wheel and drive component, and the driving wheel is arranged in the support body, the drive component and institute Driving wheel connection is stated, the both sides of the driving wheel are provided with the brake for clamping down on its motion, and the brake is arranged on described On support body, the lower end both sides of the support body are provided with the first walking and guidance set engaged with the track;
The bottom in the carrying compartment is provided with carrying wheel and is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device, and the carrying wheel is oriented to suspension Include wheel carrier with clamp rail device, the wheel carrier is arranged on the bottom in the carrying compartment, the both sides of the wheel carrier be provided with it is described Second walking of track engaging and guidance set;
The bottom of the braking car is provided with brake wheel and is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device, the brake wheel be oriented to suspension with Clamp rail device includes mounting bracket, and the both sides of the mounting bracket are provided with the third line engaged with the track and walk and guidance set, institute The third line is stated to walk and be provided with the connecting rod arrestment mechanism for braking the braking car on the outside of guidance set.
Rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention, wherein the two ends of the drive device framework are provided with annular slotted hole, the annular The inwall of slotted eye is provided with slideway, and the slideway is provided with slideway otch, and the drive device is entered by the slideway otch And coordinate installation with the slideway.
Rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention, wherein the driving wheel is provided with driving wheel bearing pin, the track middle sets There is the tooth bar engaged with the driving wheel bearing pin.
Rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention, wherein the both sides of the track are provided with special-shaped track, described first walks and leads Walk guidance set with guidance set and the third line and engage with the special-shaped track respectively to component, the second walking.
Rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention, wherein being provided with some seats in the passenger vehicle railway carriage or compartment, the bottom of the seat connects It is connected to chair angle self-checking device.
Rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention, wherein also including manual emergency brake apparatus, the manual emergency brake apparatus Including pneumatic clamps rail brake assemblies and manual overvide, the manual overvide is located in the carrying compartment, the gas Dynamic folder rail brake assemblies are located at the outside of the described first walking and guidance set and the second walking and guidance set respectively.
Rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention, wherein also including safe driving speed-limiting protection system, safe driving speed-limiting protection System includes mechanical centrifugal formula triggering system, velocity of electrons measuring system and air entrapment system.
Rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention, wherein also including electric-control system, the electric-control system is located at the tour bus base In vivo, the electric-control system includes operation module, cab signal acquisition module, controlled output module and display screen.
Rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention, wherein the front portion of the power compartment is provided with driving cabin, the operation module, control Output module processed and display location are in the driving cabin.
Rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention, wherein also including automatic fire extinguisher, the automatic fire extinguisher is located at described In power compartment.
Compared with prior art, advantage for present invention and have the beneficial effect that:
(1) present invention is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device by using wheel, makes the flat bank radius of tour bus small, even if Can also be travelled on the bend that least radius is 6 meters and be braked, it is adaptable to be had zig zag or the larger landforms of the gradient.
(2) present invention uses the drive of power-driven system, drive module drive system or many power hybrid drive systems Dynamic model formula, can be according to selecting the need for different scenic spots, applied widely, safety and environmental protection, and many power combination drive patterns can be most The realization of limits and agreeing with that Mountainous Scenic Areas are gone sight-seeing, it is to avoid dirty exhaust emissions and noise that fuel engines is caused to environment Pollution.
(3) in the present invention, power compartment inner brake can both carry out braking during normally travel to tour bus, it is also possible to Braking during emergency, braking when braking car carries out improper are carried out to tour bus, and when both of which does not work, is led to Crossing manual emergency braking apparatus carries out hand brake, realizes comprehensive braking mode, it is ensured that the safety of tour bus operation.
(4) present invention, using turnout rail, realizes overall change rail, with bigger compared with the tour bus of rope traction Flexibility, be not required to reprint in long-distance transportation, be particularly well-suited to that bifurcated is more, the continuous extension of many, haul distance of turning scenic spot line Road.
Rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the invention is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of the suspension of dynamic wheel guiding and clamp rail device in rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of drive device framework in rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the front view of the suspension of carrying wheel guiding and clamp rail device in rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is for dynamic wheel is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device and carrying wheel guiding is outstanding in rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention Hang the top view with clamp rail device;
Fig. 6 is the front view of the suspension of brake wheel guiding and clamp rail device in rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the side view of the suspension of brake wheel guiding and clamp rail device in rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the structure chart of driving wheel and rack cooperation in rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structure that drive module is driven using magneto in rack rails clamp rail tour bus specific embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 10 is the structure chart that drive module is driven using reductor in rack rails clamp rail tour bus specific embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 11 be in rack rails clamp rail tour bus specific embodiment of the present invention drive module using fluid motor-driven structure Figure;
Wherein:1st, power compartment;2nd, carrying compartment;3rd, car is braked;4th, brake wheel is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device;5th, carry Car wheel is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device;6th, dynamic wheel is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device;7th, track;8th, pull bar;
101st, driving cabin;
401st, mounting bracket;402nd, the third line is walked and guidance set;403rd, brake-shoe;404th, brake block;
501st, wheel carrier;502nd, the second walking and guidance set;
601st, drive device framework;602nd, support body;603rd, drive component;604th, driving wheel;605th, the first walking and guiding Component;606th, annular slotted hole;607th, slideway;608th, slideway otch;609th, bearing pin;610th, magneto;611st, reductor;612、 Hydraulic motor;
701st, tooth bar;702nd, special-shaped track.
Specific embodiment
As shown in figures 1-8, a kind of rack rails clamp rail tour bus of the invention, including track 7 and tour bus matrix, tour bus matrix Slid on track 7, track 7 includes multiple turnout rails being connected, turnout rail has track switch slideway, turnout rail The two ends in road are provided with change rail cylinder, and turnout rail slides under the driving for becoming rail cylinder on track switch slideway, realize becoming rail, especially The scenic spot circuit of many, the continuous extension of many, haul distance of turning suitable for bifurcated;
Turnout rail includes two disjoint straight rails and curved rail, and straight rail and curved rail are respectively including section bar, in section bar The tooth bar 701 in portion and the special-shaped track 702 positioned at section bar two ends;
Tour bus matrix includes power compartment 1, carrying compartment 2 and braking car 3, power compartment 1, carrying compartment 2 and braking Pull bar 8 is provided between the railway carriage or compartment of car 3 and is hinged by pull bar 8.
Power compartment 1 is used to drive the overall operation of tour bus, and the front portion of power compartment 1 is provided with driving cabin 101, is to go sightseeing The operational control room of car vehicle safety traffic operation, is set using double-display screen, can Real Time Observation and the operation shape for controlling locomotive Condition, there is provided operation handle, emergency stop button, lighting apparatus, servicing unit of turnover drivers' cab etc.;
The bottom of power compartment 1 is provided with dynamic wheel and is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device 6, and dynamic wheel is oriented to suspension and clamp rail Device 6 includes drive device framework 601 and drive device, and drive device is located in drive device framework 601, and drive device is located at On track 7.
Drive device includes support body 602, driving wheel 604 and drive component 603, and driving wheel 604 is arranged in support body 602, Driving wheel 604 is provided with bearing pin 609, and bearing pin 609 is engaged with tooth bar 701, when driving driving wheel 604 to rotate with external force, drives The torque of wheel 604 produces a reaction force on tooth bar 701, so that car body forward and reverse walking on track 7 is promoted, The type of drive that the structure is engaged using driving wheel 604 with tooth bar 701, makes the climbing capacity of locomotive may be up to 30 degree, energy of climbing Power is strong, and drive component 603 is connected with driving wheel 604, and the both sides of driving wheel 604 are provided with the brake for clamping down on its motion, system Dynamic device is arranged on support body 602, and the lower end both sides of support body 602 are provided with the first walking and guidance set 605 engaged with track 7.
Specifically, drive component 603 can be using power-driven system, drive module drive system or using both mixing Mode is driven, as many power hybrid drive systems, and three kinds of dynamical systems are used in power-driven system, is storage battery power supply system System, cable transfer electric power system, fuel oil drive system, drive module drive system have three kinds of type of drive, as magneto (such as Fig. 9), reductor is driven to drive (such as Figure 10), fluid motor-driven (such as Figure 11);
Wherein any one dynamical system forms many power hybrid drive systems with any one type of drive, including as follows Drive pattern:
I type, using storage battery power supply system power supply, storage battery power supply system includes main storage battery and standby battery, with Permagnetic synchronous motor drives driving wheel 604;Its course of work is that storage battery power supply system supplies permagnetic synchronous motor electric energy, forever Magnetic-synchro motor drive connection driving wheel 604;
I-A types, are standby with storage battery power supply induction system with cable transfer electric power system as main power source based on I type With power supply, remaining configuration is with I type;
I-Type B, based on I type, using reductor drive connection driving wheel 604, remaining configuration is with I type;
I-AB types, based on I type, power using based on cable transfer electric power system, supplemented by storage battery power supply system, adopt With reductor drive connection driving wheel 604, remaining configuration is with I type;
II type, with fuel oil drive system as main power source, the power source supplemented by storage battery power supply system, its course of work For fuel oil drive system is connected with fluid motor-driven, fluid motor-driven connection driving wheel 604;
Above-mentioned drive pattern any two or two or more mode combinations form hybrid drive system.
Brake includes pneumatic caliper brake and hydraulic brake;
Pneumatic caliper brake, using double lever double acting hinge lever boosting mechanism, cylinder declutches, spring brake application, right Driving wheel 604 constitutes jaw type and clamps braking;
Hydraulic brake, to using, hydraulic cylinder declutches usually two one compositions, spring brake application, by hydraulic disk Under the effect of formula brake inside butterfly spring, make the brake(-holder) block on hydraulic brake and the body locking of driving wheel 604, reach The purpose of braking, forms jaw type and clamps situation;
The selection of brake is used depending on different drive systems according to the difference of drive mechanism, pneumatic caliper brake Various drive systems are applicable, and hydraulic brake is only applicable to the fluid motor-driven in drive module drive system;
Wherein, when drive system uses many power hybrid drive systems, I type, I-A types, I-Type B and I-AB types use gas Dynamic caliper brake, II type uses the combination of pneumatic caliper brake and hydraulic brake.
Specifically, the axial direction two ends of support body 602 are provided with the first support slipper component, and horizontal direction two ends are provided with second Support slide block assembly, the first support slipper component and the second support slipper component are located in same level, the first support slipper group Sliding block is equipped with part and the second slider support component, the two ends of drive device framework 601 are provided with annular slotted hole 606, annular groove The inwall in hole 606 is provided with slideway 607, and slideway 607 is provided with slideway otch 608, and drive device is slided by the second support first From in the incision slideway 607 of slideway otch 608, then cooperation again by sliding block on slideway 607 slides sliding block on block assembly Drive device is set to be slid around the central rotation of annular slotted hole 606;
In the structure, the design of the second support slipper component is not only used to carry the gravity of power compartment 1, and can also fit The demand for answering track 7 to turn, when tour bus traveling is in bend, two advance normal orientations of driving wheel 604 are not straight at one On line, drive device is realized turning, it is adaptable to flat bank radius by the horizontal rotation sliding in drive device framework 601 Small road, makes tour bus flexibly be run at scenic spot.
Carrying compartment 2 is provided with multiple, is the place for carrying visitor, and the bottom in carrying compartment 2 is provided with carrying wheel and is oriented to and hangs Hang includes wheel carrier 501 with clamp rail device 5, the suspension of carrying wheel guiding with clamp rail device 5, and wheel carrier 501 is arranged on carrying compartment 2 Bottom, the both sides of wheel carrier 501 are provided with the second walking and guidance set 502 engaged with track 7, are provided with some in carrying compartment 2 Seat, the bottom of seat is connected with chair angle self-checking device, and carrying compartment 2 can carry out angle to the vehicle in walking in real time Degree measurement, and electronic signal is sent, drive mechanism is adjusted by servo, automatically adjust the luffing angle of adjustable seat, vehicle When the mountain region ramp of dipping and heaving is advanced, passenger inside the vehicle can automatically adjust with seat luffing angle, remain and look squarely The comfortable attitude in front.
The effect for braking car 3 is the compartment for carrying out brake hard when power-off, speed are out of control to tour bus, braking car 3 Bottom is provided with brake wheel and is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device 4, and brake wheel is oriented to suspension includes mounting bracket 401 with clamp rail device 4, The both sides of mounting bracket 401 are provided with the third line engaged with track 7 and walk to be walked and guidance set 402 with guidance set 402, the third line Outside is provided with the connecting rod arrestment mechanism for braking the braking car 3, and connecting rod arrestment mechanism includes connecting rod brake assemblies and braking Hoof 403, braking car 3 drives brake-shoe 403 by connecting rod brake assemblies, brake-shoe 403 is walked and guidance set 402 with the third line On the locking track of brake block 404, the Brake stop of car 3 is braked, so as to being braked to whole tour bus.
The cross section of special-shaped track 702 is zigzag, the first walking and the walking of guidance set 605, second and guidance set 502 and the third line walk guidance set 402 and include road wheel and directive wheel, road wheel travels on special-shaped track 702, directive wheel Side with profiled rail 7 engages, and prevents tour bus from tumbling or derailing, it is ensured that it is steady and safe that tour bus runs;
Dynamic wheel is oriented to suspension and is oriented to clamp rail device 6, the suspension of carrying wheel guiding and clamp rail device 5 and brake wheel Hang and the use identical operation principle of clamp rail device 4, different structure application modes, its operation principle is:Road wheel is leading Advanced along plane on profile rail road 702 under graviational interaction, drive vehicle to advance, directive wheel engages operation with special-shaped track 702, Guide effect, road wheel and directive wheel and wheel suspension support body collective effect are played, the double team to rack rails track 7, structure is formd Into the clamp rail device of derailing;
Dynamic wheel is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device 6, the suspension of carrying wheel guiding can be around suspension level with clamp rail device 5 Axle center is made to horizontally rotate, when locomotive enters negotiation of bends so that the respective axis of front and back wheel overlaps with bend normal all the time, It is vertical with bend tangent line, be always ensured that driving wheel 604 is normally engaged with tooth bar 701, remain road wheel, guide and limit wheel with The rational position gap of track 7, thus ensure locomotive in bend even running without clamping stagnation, vehicle when straight way is travelled, Wheel and track 7 can also be made to keep good centering, reach no matter travelled in bend or on inclined straight way all without Derailing is upwarped or turned on one's side.
Also include manual emergency brake apparatus, manual emergency brake apparatus includes pneumatic clamps rail brake assemblies and manually control Device, manual overvide is located in carrying compartment 2, and pneumatic clamps rail brake assemblies are located at the first walking and guidance set respectively 605th, the outside of the second walking and guidance set 502.
Based on said structure, the present invention uses three kinds of braking modes, specific as follows:
(1) service brake is tour bus taken in normal way of advancing from the braking for decelerating to parking, according to driving group The drive pattern that part 603 is used is different, and the mode of braking for being used is also different, is divided into situations below:
A, using permagnetic synchronous motor type of drive when, realize the adjustment of locomotive speed speed using frequency control, until stop Electricity shutdown parking;
B, using tapered end Speed Braking motor and reducer group pattern when, the spring pressurization and electromagnetism worn using motor Release friction brakes realize that reductor self-locking is stopped;
C, using fluid motor-driven mode when, using hydraulic brake, when stopper hydraulic cylinder magnetic valve obtains electric When pressure oil enter brake now brake opened, when magnetic valve dead electricity, the pressure oil off-load of brake, now brake Close, and by the quick of two shut-off logic realization brakes of magnetic valve and two kinds of braking modes of closing at a slow speed.
(2) parking braking, is the stopping brake implemented on the basis of ramp to stop, and its working method is to shed all brakings The hydraulic pressure or pneumatics pressure of device, discharge the pressure of compression spring, make brake block brake application, and train is in complete halted state.
(3) brake hard, is that vehicle car speed in way of advancing is out of hand, or suddenly encounter the (power-off that runs out of steam Or Diesel engine is stopped), car speed it is out of hand, or taken when slipping by slope failure at upper and lower abrupt slope it is urgent Brake stop, including following five kinds of brake hard modes, both can reach a certain setting in respective system detectio to locomotive stall Automatic triggering can also manually boot brake gear during definite value:
A, operating system are normal, and driver obtains the alarm signal prompting of speed runaway or hypervelocity, takes deceleration to make first Dynamic measure, if invalid, presses emergency stop push button, and locomotive stops traveling;
B, when locomotive runs out of steam, brake sheds air pressure or hydraulic pressure automatically, discharges the pressure of compression spring, makes Brake(-holder) block or brake block brake application, locomotive stop traveling;
C, when locomotive speed is detected by locomotive speed-limiting protection device more than setting value, the brake of automatic triggering;
Manually emergency braking apparatus are controlled manually for d, each carrying compartment 2, and locomotive stops traveling;
E, braked by braking car 3;
In the present invention, the braking that tour bus is carried out in normally travel is clamped down on driving wheel 604 and is braked using brake, When tour bus runs out of steam, use driving wheel to brake and brake car 3 to it and brake, when driving wheel brake and braking car 3 when not working, it is also possible to which manually emergency braking apparatus carry out hand brake.
Also include safe driving speed-limiting protection system, safe driving speed-limiting protection system includes that mechanical centrifugal formula triggers system System, velocity of electrons measuring system and air entrapment system;
Mechanical centrifugal trigger is provided with mechanical centrifugal formula triggering system, in drive device, when power compartment 1 When the speed of travel exceedes permissible value, mechanical centrifugal flip-flop toggle cuts off the power of drive device, and directly initiates installed in drive Brake in dynamic device, stopping brake is carried out to driving wheel 604;
Velocity of electrons measuring system, is attached in drive device, when the travel speed of power compartment 1 meets or exceeds permission During speed, to operating personnel's alarm, while stop the work of drive device, and directly initiate the brake of drive device and stopped Car;
, there is uncontrolled rising to prevent rotary speed of diesel engine in air entrapment device, is installed in gas handling system The air entrapment device of hydraulic control, the task of this choke apparatus is turned off entering the air of Diesel engine, to stop The operating of Diesel engine.
Also include electric-control system, electric-control system is located in tour bus matrix, and electric-control system includes operation module, cab signal Acquisition module, controlled output module and display screen, operation module, controlled output module and display location are in driving cabin 101 Interior, electric-control system is sent to tour bus by operation module and instructed, meanwhile, when cab signal acquisition system collection tour bus runs The data of in-car each state, realize to tour bus conduct monitoring at all levels, operation module passes data with cab signal acquisition module Controlled output module is defeated by, controlled output module carries out logical operation to the data for exporting, and tour bus is controlled accordingly System, and the various service datas of tour bus are sent to display, it is easy to operator to understand the running status of locomotive in real time, it is ensured that The safe operation of tour bus.
Also include automatic fire extinguisher, automatic fire extinguisher is located in power compartment 1, and automatic fire extinguisher is according to power car The drive pattern that railway carriage or compartment 1 uses is different, and equipped with different fire extinguishing systems, it is specific as follows:
A, using CO 2 high pressure bottle provide high-pressure extinction material, when engine high-pressure injection pump or drive hydraulic pump When on fire, control to be connected between bomb and fighting nozzle by the opening of stop valve, the high temperature that fire location is produced will go out Low-melting-point metal fusing at fire-fighting mouth, opens fighting nozzle, and extinguishing material is ejected at point of origin from fighting nozzle, by fire Put out in source;
B, for monitoring the temperature in engine exhaust case and blast pipe, when temperature therein is too high, temperature sensor Trigger, extinguishing chemical is ejected on the high-pressure injection pump of engine, shut down engine, so as to reduce engine exhaust case and row Endotracheal temperature;
C, directly ABC extinguisher is directly connected with inflammable position using low melting point flexible pipe, when inflammable position is on fire, produced Raw high temperature fuses the low melting point flexible pipe at the position, the extinguishing material in ABC extinguisher is flowed directly into point of origin.
To strengthen security, equipped with several dry powder extinguishers in each compartment.
Compared with prior art, advantage for present invention and have the beneficial effect that:
(1) present invention is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device by using wheel, makes the flat bank radius of tour bus small, even if Can also be travelled on the bend that least radius is 6 meters and be braked, it is adaptable to be had zig zag or the larger landforms of the gradient.
(2) present invention uses the drive of power-driven system, drive module drive system or many power hybrid drive systems Dynamic model formula, can be according to selecting the need for different scenic spots, applied widely, safety and environmental protection,
(3) in the present invention, many power combined drives that the various energy resources configuration based on electric power is combined with various drive forms Dynamic model formula, can realize to greatest extent and Mountainous Scenic Areas visit agrees with, it is to avoid dirt that fuel engines is caused to environment Exhaust emissions and noise pollution.
(4) electric-control system of the present invention is distributed by using modular functionality, can in real time obtain rack rails clamp rail tour bus Status data, and obtain the current state of locomotive in time according to these status datas, alarm is sent in time when failure is found, So as to improve the security reliability of system operation;The replaceability and upgrading convenience of function modoularization distribution optimization system, And the maintenance difficulty of system can be reduced.
(5) chair angle self-checking device is provided with carrying compartment in the present invention, makes seat that self balancing shape is presented State, when train is in wide-angle climb and fall, the level angle of seat being capable of adjust automatically, raising ride quality.
(6) present invention can in time sense each the easy point of origin in compartment, it is ensured that trip by being provided with automatic fire extinguisher The safety of visitor.
(7) in the present invention, power compartment inner brake can both carry out braking during normally travel to tour bus, it is also possible to Braking during emergency, braking when braking car carries out improper are carried out to tour bus, and when both of which does not work, is led to Crossing manual emergency braking apparatus carries out hand brake, realizes comprehensive braking mode, it is ensured that the safety of tour bus operation.
(8) present invention passes through to use safe driving speed-limiting protection system, together with electric-control system, being capable of real-time monitoring sightseeing The running status of car, and operated accordingly, it is ensured that the operation safety of tour bus.
(9) present invention, using turnout rail, realizes overall change rail, with bigger compared with the tour bus of rope traction Flexibility, be not required to reprint in long-distance transportation, be particularly well-suited to that bifurcated is more, the continuous extension of many, haul distance of turning scenic spot line Road.
Embodiment described above is only that the preferred embodiment of the present invention is described, not to model of the invention Enclose and be defined, on the premise of design spirit of the present invention is not departed from, those of ordinary skill in the art are to technical side of the invention Various modifications and improvement that case is made, all should fall into the protection domain of claims of the present invention determination.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of rack rails clamp rail tour bus, including track and tour bus matrix, the tour bus matrix are travelled on the track, It is characterized in that:The tour bus matrix includes power compartment, carrying compartment and braking car, the power compartment, carrying compartment Pull bar is provided with and brake equipped cars between and is connected by the pull bar;
The bottom of the power compartment is provided with dynamic wheel and is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device, and the dynamic wheel is oriented to suspension with card Rail device includes drive device framework and drive device, and the drive device is located in the drive device framework, the driving Device includes support body, driving wheel and drive component, and the driving wheel is arranged in the support body, the drive component and the drive Driving wheel is connected, and the both sides of the driving wheel are provided with the brake for clamping down on its motion, and the brake is arranged on the support body On, the lower end both sides of the support body are provided with the first walking and guidance set engaged with the track;
The bottom in the carrying compartment is provided with carrying wheel and is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device, and the carrying wheel is oriented to suspension with card Rail device includes wheel carrier, and the wheel carrier is arranged on the bottom in the carrying compartment, and the both sides of the wheel carrier are provided with and the track Second walking of engaging and guidance set;
The bottom of the braking car is provided with brake wheel and is oriented to suspension and clamp rail device, and the brake wheel is oriented to suspension and clamp rail Device includes mounting bracket, and the both sides of the mounting bracket are provided with the third line engaged with the track and walk and guidance set, described the It is provided with for braking the connecting rod arrestment mechanism for braking car on the outside of three walkings and guidance set.
2. rack rails clamp rail tour bus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The two ends of the drive device framework are provided with Annular slotted hole, the inwall of the annular slotted hole is provided with slideway, and the slideway is provided with slideway otch, and the drive device passes through The slideway otch enters and coordinates with the slideway to be installed.
3. rack rails clamp rail tour bus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The driving wheel is provided with drive wheel pin Axle, the track middle is provided with the tooth bar engaged with the driving wheel bearing pin.
4. rack rails clamp rail tour bus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The both sides of the track are provided with profile rail Road, first walking and guidance set, the second walking and guidance set and the third line walk guidance set respectively with the abnormity Track engages.
5. rack rails clamp rail tour bus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Some seats are provided with the carrying compartment Chair, the bottom of the seat is connected with chair angle self-checking device.
6. rack rails clamp rail tour bus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include manual emergency brake apparatus, institute Stating manual emergency brake apparatus includes pneumatic clamps rail brake assemblies and manual overvide, and the manual overvide is located at described In carrying compartment, the pneumatic clamps rail brake assemblies are located at the described first walking and walk and be oriented to guidance set and second respectively Component outside.
7. rack rails clamp rail tour bus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include safe driving speed-limiting protection system System, safe driving speed-limiting protection system includes mechanical centrifugal formula triggering system, velocity of electrons measuring system and air entrapment system.
8. rack rails clamp rail tour bus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include electric-control system, the automatically controlled system System is located in the tour bus matrix, and the electric-control system includes operation module, cab signal acquisition module, controlled output module And display screen.
9. the rack rails clamp rail tour bus according to claim 1 or 8, it is characterised in that:The front portion of the power compartment is provided with Driving cabin, the operation module, controlled output module and display location are in the driving cabin.
10. rack rails clamp rail tour bus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include automatic fire extinguisher, it is described from Dynamic extinguishing device is located in the power compartment.
CN201710088305.6A 2017-02-17 2017-02-17 Rack rails clamp rail tour bus Active CN106828511B (en)

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