CN106781110A - The automatic borrowing and returning device of books - Google Patents

The automatic borrowing and returning device of books Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106781110A
CN106781110A CN201611113296.3A CN201611113296A CN106781110A CN 106781110 A CN106781110 A CN 106781110A CN 201611113296 A CN201611113296 A CN 201611113296A CN 106781110 A CN106781110 A CN 106781110A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
connecting rod
finger
end
pneumatic
cylinder
Prior art date
Application number
CN201611113296.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106781110B (en
Inventor
顾寄南
姜晓丹
高国伟
刘守
孙涛
Original Assignee
江苏大学
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江苏大学 filed Critical 江苏大学
Priority to CN201611113296.3A priority Critical patent/CN106781110B/en
Publication of CN106781110A publication Critical patent/CN106781110A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106781110B publication Critical patent/CN106781110B/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K7/00Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns
    • G06K7/10Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns by electromagnetic radiation, e.g. optical sensing; by corpuscular radiation
    • G06K7/10009Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns by electromagnetic radiation, e.g. optical sensing; by corpuscular radiation sensing by radiation using wavelengths larger than 0.1 mm, e.g. radio-waves or microwaves
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07GREGISTERING THE RECEIPT OF CASH, VALUABLES, OR TOKENS
    • G07G1/00Cash registers
    • G07G1/10Cash registers mechanically operated

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of automatic borrowing and returning device of books, including automatic book return machine structure, lifting support and lifting linking member group;Described lifting linking member group one end is arranged on lifting support, and the other end is arranged on the second guide rail by the second sliding block;Rotary cylinder support is slidably fitted with second guide rail, rotary cylinder is installed on rotary cylinder support;Supporting plate is installed on the rotary cylinder, automatic book return machine structure is installed in supporting plate;The automatic book return machine structure includes array pneumatic-finger and straight line cylinder, and pneumatic-finger is driven by straight line cylinder;The purpose of the present invention is to improve a kind of automatic borrowing and returning device of books, using the layout of double straight line cylinder, is realized in a lifting process using rotary cylinder, can simultaneously complete also book and the work for checking out.

Description

The automatic borrowing and returning device of books

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of autonomous fetching device, more particularly to a kind of automatic borrowing and returning device of books for library.

Background technology

With being continuously increased for Modern Library book capacity, the daily Book Loan Quantity in library is big, and taking care of books will be One increasingly laborious task.Traditional taking care of books is by artificial operation, and librarian is mostly women, for height The placement of layer bookshelf books arranges extremely inconvenience, need to spend substantial amounts of manpower and time, and arrangement efficiency is low, can also be inevitable There is the mistake that position misplaces, bring unnecessary trouble.Although had many libraries using joint strip shape code now or RFID technique aids in the identification and management of books, but this simply improves efficiency and does not tackle the problem at its root slightly.

The content of the invention

In order to overcome above weak point, the purpose of the present invention is to improve a kind of automatic borrowing and returning device of books, using double The layout of straight line cylinder, is realized in a lifting process using rotary cylinder, can simultaneously complete also book and the work for checking out.

The present invention is achieved by following technical solution:The automatic borrowing and returning device of books, including automatic book return machine structure, Lifting support and lifting linking member group;Described lifting linking member group one end is arranged on lifting support, and the other end is pacified by the second sliding block On the second guide rail;Rotary cylinder support is slidably fitted with second guide rail, rotation is installed on rotary cylinder support Cylinder;Supporting plate is installed on the rotary cylinder, automatic book return machine structure is installed in supporting plate;The automatic book return machine structure bag Array pneumatic-finger and straight line cylinder are included, pneumatic-finger is driven by straight line cylinder;

The lifting linking member group includes that first connecting rod, second connecting rod, third connecting rod, fourth link, the 5th connecting rod, the 6th connect Bar, seven-link assembly and the 8th connecting rod;The first connecting rod and second connecting rod one end are slidably mounted on by the 3rd sliding block respectively On two guide rails, the other end is connected by the tenth connecting rod with six-bar linkage and the 5th connecting rod one end hinge respectively;The six-bar linkage It is connected with the second sliding block respectively by hinge with the 5th connecting rod other end;The third connecting rod and fourth link one end lead to respectively Hinge is crossed to be fixed on lifting support upper surface;The other end passes through the 11st connecting rod and the connecting rod one end hinge phase of seven-link assembly the 8th Connection;The connecting rod other end of seven-link assembly the 8th passes through the 13rd connecting rod and the second guide rail chain connection respectively;

Connect by the way that hinge is vertical with the 9th connecting rod in the middle of the first connecting rod, second connecting rod, third connecting rod, fourth link Connect;It is connected by the way that hinge is vertical with the 12nd connecting rod in the middle of 5th connecting rod, six-bar linkage, seven-link assembly and the 8th connecting rod;

The first sliding block is provided with the lifting support lower surface, first sliding block is slidably mounted on the first guide rail; First guide rails assembling is provided with belt wheel on upgrading bearing on upgrading bearing, belt is arranged on band parallel to upgrading bearing On wheel, belt wheel is driven by motor;Cylinder is also provided with by first axle seat on the lifting support upper surface, cylinder is another End is arranged on and is installed vertically on the lifting connecting plate on third connecting rod and fourth link.

Further, the array pneumatic-finger and straight line cylinder are 3 groups.

Further, every group of pneumatic-finger and straight line cylinder are started including first row straight line cylinder with first exhaust Finger, second straight line cylinder and second row pneumatic-finger;The first row pneumatic-finger and second row pneumatic-finger rightabout cloth Put.

Further, the device also includes book conveyor;The book conveyor is placed in the side of lifting linking member group.

Further, NFC chip detection means is installed in the pneumatic-finger.

Beneficial effects of the present invention are:

The automatic borrowing and returning device of books, using double mechanism, makes the double straight line cylinder being arranged symmetrically drive pneumatic-finger Crawl books, using rotary cylinder, realize in a lifting process, can simultaneously complete also book and the work for checking out, and every time Can simultaneously borrow and take three books, give back three books, the speed and efficiency of also book are borrowed to improve, realize the work(of automatically borrowing-returning books Energy.In the device, by using NFC communication technology so that pneumatic-finger can obtain books deposit position when near books Corresponding information, positioning is quick, accurate, greatly reduces the artificial time spent by means of returning book, while alleviating taking care of books The working strength of personnel, reduces the probability of deposit position error, improves the automatization level of taking care of books, can promote on a large scale Use.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the automatic borrowing and returning device crawl of books of the present invention need to give back books;

Fig. 2 is front view in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is that the present invention conceals conveyer belt while crawl need to give back books and need to borrow the structural representation for taking books;

Fig. 4 is front view in Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is the enlarged drawing of automatically borrowing-returning books mechanism in the present apparatus;

Fig. 6 is front view in Fig. 5.

Reference is as follows:

1- books;2- book conveyors;The frames of 3- first;4- automatically borrowing-returning books mechanism;5- bookshelves;6- motors;7- belt wheels; 8- belts;The guide rails of 9- first;The frames of 10- second;The sliding blocks of 11- first;The frames of 12- the 3rd;13- lifting supports;14- lifting linking members Group;15- supporting plates;16- first row straight line cylinders;17- second row straight line cylinders;18- rotary cylinders;The sliding blocks of 19- second;20- Second guide rail;21- lifts connecting plate;The sliding blocks of 22- the 3rd;The guide rails of 23- the 3rd;24- cylinders;25- first axles seat;26- first Connecting rod;27- second connecting rods;28- third connecting rods;29- fourth links;30- second hinges seat;The connecting rods of 31- the 5th;32- the 6th connects Bar;33- seven-link assemblies;The connecting rods of 34- the 8th;The connecting rods of 35- the 9th;The connecting rods of 36- the tenth;The connecting rods of 37- the 11st;38- the 12nd connects Bar;The connecting rods of 39- the 13rd;40- third hinges seat;41- rotary cylinder supports;42- first row pneumatic-fingers;43- second exhausts Start to refer to.

It is that the present invention is further understood, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with drawings and Examples:

With reference to accompanying drawing 1,2,3 and 4, the automatic borrowing and returning device of books, including automatic book return machine structure 4, lifting support 13 and lifting Connection rod set 14;Described one end of lifting linking member group 14 is arranged on lifting support 13, and the other end is arranged on the by the second sliding block 19 On two guide rails 20;Rotary cylinder support 41 is slidably fitted with second guide rail 20, rotation is installed on rotary cylinder support 41 Rotaring cylinder 18;Supporting plate 15 is installed on the rotary cylinder 18, automatic book return machine structure 4 is installed in supporting plate 15;It is described from Dynamic book return machine structure 4 includes array pneumatic-finger and straight line cylinder, and pneumatic-finger is driven by straight line cylinder;The lifting linking member group 14 Connect including first connecting rod 26, second connecting rod 27, third connecting rod 28, fourth link 29, the 5th connecting rod 31, six-bar linkage the 32, the 7th The connecting rod 34 of bar 33 and the 8th;The first connecting rod 26 and the one end of second connecting rod 27 are slidably mounted on by the 3rd sliding block 22 respectively On two guide rails 23, the other end is connected by the tenth connecting rod 36 with six-bar linkage 32 and one end hinge of the 5th connecting rod 31 respectively;Institute State six-bar linkage 32 and the other end of the 5th connecting rod 31 is connected with the second sliding block 19 respectively by hinge;The third connecting rod 28 and The one end of double leval jib 29 is fixed on the upper surface of lifting support 13 by hinge respectively;The other end passes through the 11st connecting rod 37 and the 7th One end hinge of the 8th connecting rod of connecting rod 32 34 is connected;The other end of the 8th connecting rod of the seven-link assembly 32 34 connects by the 13rd respectively The chain connection of 39 and second guide rail of bar 20;In the middle of the first connecting rod 26, second connecting rod 27, third connecting rod 28, fourth link 29 It is connected by the way that hinge is vertical with the 9th connecting rod 35;5th connecting rod 31, six-bar linkage 32, the connecting rod 34 of seven-link assembly 33 and the 8th Centre is connected by the way that hinge is vertical with the 12nd connecting rod 38;The first sliding block 11, institute are provided with the lower surface of the lifting support 13 The first sliding block 11 is stated to be slidably mounted on the first guide rail 9;First guide rail 9 is arranged on upgrading bearing 13, bearing 13 of upgrading On belt wheel 7 is installed, belt 8 is arranged on belt wheel 7 parallel to upgrading bearing 13, and belt wheel 7 is driven by motor 6;The lifting Cylinder 24 is also provided with by first axle seat 25 on the upper surface of bearing 13, the other end of cylinder 24 is arranged on and is installed vertically on the 3rd On lifting connecting plate 21 on connecting rod 28 and fourth link 29.

With reference to accompanying drawing 5 and 6, the array pneumatic-finger and straight line cylinder are 3 groups.Every group of pneumatic-finger and straight line gas Cylinder includes first row straight line cylinder 16 and first row pneumatic-finger 42, second straight line cylinder 17 and second row pneumatic-finger 43;Institute First row pneumatic-finger 42 is stated to be arranged with the rightabout of second row pneumatic-finger 43.The device also includes book conveyor 2;It is described Book conveyor 2 is placed in the side of lifting linking member group 14.NFC chip detection means is installed in the pneumatic-finger.

The course of work:

Before books 1 to be given back are transported to bookshelf 5 by book conveyor 2, now, first row straight line cylinder 16 drives first Books 1 to be given back on row's crawl conveyer belt of pneumatic-finger 42, when first row pneumatic-finger 42 is near books 1, first exhaust Start to refer to that the NFC chip detection means on 42 reads the NFC information carried on books 1, quickly determine that books to be given back 1 should be put The accurate location put.Now travel mechanism and elevating mechanism are worked simultaneously, and the rotary shaft of motor 6 band movable belt pulley 7 and belt 8 are rotated, So that the elevating mechanism being connected with belt 8 is moved left and right in the presence of the first sliding block 11 along the first guide rail 9;Meanwhile, lifting connects Bar group under the promotion of cylinder 24, in the presence of the 3rd sliding block 22 along the 3rd guide rail 23 slide by first connecting rod 26 and second connecting rod 27 It is dynamic, drive third connecting rod 28 and the around hinge of fourth link 29 seat to rotate, the 5th connecting rod 31 and six-bar linkage 32 are in the second sliding block 19 In the presence of slided along the second guide rail 20, that is, realize connection rod set elevating movement.Under the cooperation of travel mechanism and elevating mechanism, from Dynamic to borrow the arrival band of book return machine structure 4 to give back the position that books 1 be placed, now, second row pneumatic-finger 43 can be captured on bookshelf The books 1 for taking, rotating mechanism work, rotary cylinder 18 can be borrowed to rotate 180 °, the first exhaust that will capture books to be given back 1 is started Before finger 42 turns to bookshelf, first row pneumatic-finger 42 unclamps, and gives back books 1.The now crawl of second row pneumatic-finger 43 is borrowed and taken Books 1, books 1 are placed on book conveyor 2 by elevating mechanism, the books 1 that take will be borrowed to transport by book conveyor 2 Go out.

Preferred embodiment but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned implementation method to the embodiment for of the invention, not In the case of substance of the invention, any conspicuously improved, replacement that those skilled in the art can make Or modification belongs to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. the automatic borrowing and returning device of books, it is characterised in that including automatic book return machine structure (4), lifting support (13) and lifting linking member Group (14);
Described lifting linking member group (14) one end is arranged on lifting support (13), and the other end is by the second sliding block (19) installed in the On two guide rails (20);Rotary cylinder support (41) is slidably fitted with second guide rail (20), on rotary cylinder support (41) Rotary cylinder (18) is installed;Supporting plate (15) is installed on the rotary cylinder (18), is provided with supporting plate (15) automatic Book return machine structure (4);
The automatic book return machine structure (4) includes array pneumatic-finger and straight line cylinder, and pneumatic-finger is driven by straight line cylinder;
The lifting linking member group (14) includes first connecting rod (26), second connecting rod (27), third connecting rod (28), fourth link (29), the 5th connecting rod (31), six-bar linkage (32), seven-link assembly (33) and the 8th connecting rod (34);The first connecting rod (26) and Second connecting rod (27) one end is slidably mounted on the second guide rail (23) by the 3rd sliding block (22) respectively, and the other end is respectively by the Ten connecting rods (36) are connected with six-bar linkage (32) and the 5th connecting rod (31) one end hinge;The six-bar linkage (32) and the 5th connecting rod (31) other end is connected with the second sliding block (19) respectively by hinge;The third connecting rod (28) and fourth link (29) one end It is fixed on lifting support (13) upper surface by hinge respectively;The other end is by the 11st connecting rod (37) and seven-link assembly (32) 8th connecting rod (34) one end hinge is connected;The seven-link assembly (32) passes through the 13rd respectively with the 8th connecting rod (34) other end Connecting rod (39) and the second guide rail (20) chain connection;
The first connecting rod (26), second connecting rod (27), third connecting rod (28), fourth link (29) are centrally through hinge and the 9th Connecting rod (35) is vertically connected;5th connecting rod (31), six-bar linkage (32), seven-link assembly (33) and the 8th connecting rod (34) center It is connected by the way that hinge is vertical with the 12nd connecting rod (38);
The first sliding block (11) is provided with lifting support (13) lower surface, first sliding block (11) is slidably mounted on first On guide rail (9);First guide rail (9) is provided with belt wheel (7), skin in upgrading bearing (13) on bearing (13) of upgrading Band (8) is arranged on belt wheel (7) parallel to upgrading bearing (13), and belt wheel (7) is driven by motor (6);The lifting support (13) cylinder (24) is also provided with by first axle seat (25) on upper surface, cylinder (24) other end is arranged on and is installed vertically on On lifting connecting plate (21) on third connecting rod (28) and fourth link (29).
2. the automatic borrowing and returning device of books according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the array pneumatic-finger and straight line gas Cylinder is 3 groups.
3. the automatic borrowing and returning device of books according to claim 2, it is characterised in that every group of pneumatic-finger and straight line gas Cylinder includes first row straight line cylinder (16) and first row pneumatic-finger (42), second straight line cylinder (17) and second row pneumatic-finger (43);The first row pneumatic-finger (42) is arranged with second row pneumatic-finger (43) rightabout.
4. the automatic borrowing and returning device of books according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the device also includes book conveyor (2);The book conveyor (2) is placed in the side of lifting linking member group (14).
5. the automatic borrowing and returning device of books according to any one of Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that in the pneumatic-finger NFC chip detection means is installed.
CN201611113296.3A 2016-12-07 2016-12-07 The automatic borrowing and returning device of books CN106781110B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611113296.3A CN106781110B (en) 2016-12-07 2016-12-07 The automatic borrowing and returning device of books

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611113296.3A CN106781110B (en) 2016-12-07 2016-12-07 The automatic borrowing and returning device of books

Publications (2)

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CN106781110A true CN106781110A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106781110B CN106781110B (en) 2019-03-05

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CN201611113296.3A CN106781110B (en) 2016-12-07 2016-12-07 The automatic borrowing and returning device of books

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20010020197A1 (en) * 2000-02-21 2001-09-06 Yoshiyuki Nakano Automated library system with retrieving and repositing robot
CN105127991A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-09 上海交通大学 Automatic book taking and placing mechanism
CN205068635U (en) * 2015-09-25 2016-03-02 吉林农业大学 Book inquiry unit is got to library's serial number
CN205184804U (en) * 2015-08-25 2016-04-27 深圳市卓翼科技股份有限公司 Robot hand file
CN205405735U (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-07-27 安徽工程大学 Self -service books are borrowed and are still installed
CN205565261U (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-09-07 深圳市顺科线束设备有限公司 Automatic location centre gripping terminal arrangement
CN205572407U (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-09-14 长安大学 Robot of library access arrangement

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20010020197A1 (en) * 2000-02-21 2001-09-06 Yoshiyuki Nakano Automated library system with retrieving and repositing robot
CN205184804U (en) * 2015-08-25 2016-04-27 深圳市卓翼科技股份有限公司 Robot hand file
CN105127991A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-09 上海交通大学 Automatic book taking and placing mechanism
CN205068635U (en) * 2015-09-25 2016-03-02 吉林农业大学 Book inquiry unit is got to library's serial number
CN205405735U (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-07-27 安徽工程大学 Self -service books are borrowed and are still installed
CN205572407U (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-09-14 长安大学 Robot of library access arrangement
CN205565261U (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-09-07 深圳市顺科线束设备有限公司 Automatic location centre gripping terminal arrangement

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