CN106769191A - A kind of geologic prospect soil sampler - Google Patents

A kind of geologic prospect soil sampler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106769191A
CN106769191A CN201710011877.4A CN201710011877A CN106769191A CN 106769191 A CN106769191 A CN 106769191A CN 201710011877 A CN201710011877 A CN 201710011877A CN 106769191 A CN106769191 A CN 106769191A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
interior
outside cylinder
outside
expansion arc
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710011877.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
颜志丰
许建
辛雨萌
刘立
孟志强
石志祥
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hebei University of Engineering
Original Assignee
Hebei University of Engineering
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hebei University of Engineering filed Critical Hebei University of Engineering
Priority to CN201710011877.4A priority Critical patent/CN106769191A/en
Publication of CN106769191A publication Critical patent/CN106769191A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting
    • G01N1/08Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting involving an extracting tool, e.g. core bit

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of geologic prospect soil sampler, including interior cylinder(1)With outside cylinder(2), interior cylinder(1)It is socketed on outside cylinder(2)It is interior, interior cylinder(1)Top be higher than outside cylinder(2)Top;The interior cylinder(1)Top both sides be provided with lift-pull handle(3), outside cylinder(2)Top both sides are provided with probing handle(4);The outside cylinder(2)Bottom side of the wall on be provided with cylindrical helical arrangement spiral driving piece(5);It is characterized in that:The outside cylinder(2)Epimere is provided with expansion arc(6).The advantage of the invention is that the drawbacks of it can overcome prior art, reasonable in design novelty.

Description

A kind of geologic prospect soil sampler
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of geologic prospect soil sampler, belong to exploring equipment field.
Background technology
Soil sample analysis is the basic content for being engaged in the researchs such as environment, ecology, agricultural.Accurately, in right amount, quick obtaining soil The pedotheque of earth different depth is directly connected to the precision of research and the reliability of data.Pedotheque sampler has many kinds Class.Collection farmland or wasteland topsoil sample, can use small-sized spades.The research general physical property of soil, such as soil weight, hole Gap rate and water retention characteristic etc., using cutting ring.Cutting ring is the cylinder of both ends open, and lower mouth has sword, and the height and diameter of cylinder are equal It is 5 cms.But sampling tool the most frequently used at present is geotome, also referred to as soil sampler.
The existing soil sampler combined by inside and outside cylinder, during soil sampler in soil layer to tunneling, inner cylinder is in soil property The good frictional force of thrust in the presence of can rotate or moved to the opposite direction of tunneling direction, so may result in inner cylinder Even abjection outer barrel is loosened in tunneling process, therefore needs to fix the phase of inner cylinder and outer barrel by hand steered in tunneling process To position, great inconvenience is brought to investigation and prospecting.
The content of the invention
For the existing soil sampler combined by inside and outside cylinder in the prior art, in soil sampler to the process tunneled in soil layer In, inner cylinder can rotate in the presence of the good frictional force of thrust of soil property or be moved to the opposite direction of tunneling direction, this Sample may result in inner cylinder and even abjection outer barrel loosened in tunneling process, therefore need to be fixed by hand steered in tunneling process Inner cylinder and the relative position of outer barrel, the deficiency of very big inconvenience is brought to investigation and prospecting, and the present invention provides a kind of geologic prospect and takes Earthenware.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention is adopted the technical scheme that, a kind of geologic prospect soil sampler, including inside Cylinder and outside cylinder, interior cylinder are socketed in outer barrel body, and the top of interior cylinder is higher than outside cylinder top;In described The top both sides of portion's cylinder are provided with lift-pull handle, and outside cylinder top both sides are provided with probing handle;The outside cylinder The spiral driving piece of cylindrical helical arrangement is provided with bottom side of the wall;The outside cylinder epimere is provided with expansion arc, expands The internal diameter of section is more than the internal diameter of outside cylinder;The epimere of the interior cylinder is internally provided with threaded rod, threaded rod and interior barrel Internal wall threaded connection;Be provided with interior expansion arc on the position coordinated with expansion arc on the interior cylinder, interior expansion arc it is interior Footpath is provided with some bar shaped flutings less than the internal diameter of interior cylinder on interior expansion arc;The length of threaded rod is more than expansion arc top To the distance on interior cylinder top.
In the technical scheme of the application, expansion arc and interior expansion arc are increased, it is when soil sampler is used, threaded rod is inside Portion cylinder lower end is screwed into, when threaded rod reaches interior expansion arc inwall, because the internal diameter of interior expansion arc is less than threaded rod External diameter, within expansion arc external diameter under the squeezing action of threaded rod become big so that the external diameter of interior expansion arc is more than outside The internal diameter of cylinder, so allows for interior expansion arc and is stuck in expansion arc so that lengthwise position of the interior cylinder in outside cylinder Fixed, so that in soil sampler tunneling process, interior cylinder does not need hand steered fixation, convenient driving.
Optimization, above-mentioned geologic prospect soil sampler, the lower end of the outside cylinder is provided with necking section I.
Optimization, above-mentioned geologic prospect soil sampler, the lower end of the interior cylinder is provided with necking section II.
The setting of necking section I and necking section II causes that the lower end of soil sampler is conveniently tunneled, and reduces the resistance in tunneling process. But if the thinnest part wall thickness of necking section I and necking section II is excessively thin, can cause turned in tunneling process, influence was tunneled Journey, therefore the wall thickness of necking section I and necking II thinnest part of section is preferable at 2 millimeters.
Optimization, above-mentioned geologic prospect soil sampler is provided with scale on the interior cylinder and outside cylinder.
Optimization, above-mentioned geologic prospect soil sampler is provided with positioning convex, in outer barrel body on the interior cylinder outer wall The locating slot of bar shaped is provided with wall, positioning convex and locating slot are equipped with.
The setting of positioning convex and locating slot causes that interior cylinder is convenient and is positioned in outside cylinder, and is tunneling During, prevent interior cylinder from being rotated against with outside cylinder.
The advantage of the invention is that the drawbacks of it can overcome prior art, reasonable in design novelty.The application's fetches earth Device in tunneling process, fixed by position of the interior cylinder in outside cylinder, will not be rotated against and relative slip, Can need not be hand steered in tunneling process, convenient use.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is internal structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Specific embodiment
Technical characterstic of the invention is expanded on further with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present invention is a kind of geologic prospect soil sampler, including interior cylinder 1 and outside cylinder 2, interior Portion's cylinder 1 is socketed in outside cylinder 2, and the top of interior cylinder 1 is higher than the outside top of cylinder 2;The top of the interior cylinder 1 Both sides are provided with lift-pull handle 3, and the top both sides of outside cylinder 2 are provided with probing handle 4;The bottom side of the wall of the outside cylinder 2 On be provided with cylindrical helical arrangement spiral driving piece 5;The outside epimere of cylinder 2 is provided with expansion arc 6, expansion arc 6 Internal diameter is more than the internal diameter of outside cylinder 2;The epimere of the interior cylinder 1 is internally provided with threaded rod 7, threaded rod 7 and interior barrel The inner thread of body 1 is connected;Interior expansion arc 8, interior expansion arc 8 are provided with the position coordinated with expansion arc 6 on the interior cylinder 1 Internal diameter of the internal diameter less than interior cylinder 1, some bar shapeds fluting 9 is provided with interior expansion arc 8;The length of threaded rod 7 is more than swollen The distance on swollen section of 6 tops to the top of interior cylinder 1.
In the technical scheme of the application, expansion arc 6 and interior expansion arc 8 are increased, when soil sampler is used, by threaded rod (7)Internally the lower end of cylinder 1 is screwed into, when threaded rod 7 reaches interior 8 inwall of expansion arc, because the internal diameter of interior expansion arc 8 is small In the external diameter of threaded rod 7, within the external diameter under the squeezing action of threaded rod 7 of expansion arc 8 become big so that interior expansion arc 8 External diameter be more than the internal diameter of outside cylinder 2, so allow for interior expansion arc 8 and be stuck in expansion arc 6 so that interior cylinder 1 is outside Lengthwise position in portion's cylinder 2 is fixed, so that in soil sampler tunneling process, interior cylinder 1 does not need hand steered solid It is fixed, convenient driving.
The lower end of the outside cylinder 2 is provided with necking section I 10.The lower end of the interior cylinder 1 is provided with necking section II 11。
The setting of necking section I 10 and necking section II 11 causes that the lower end of soil sampler is convenient and tunnels, in reduction tunneling process Resistance.But if the thinnest part wall thickness of necking section I 10 and necking section II 11 is excessively thin, can cause turned in tunneling process, Influence tunneling process, therefore the wall thickness of necking section I 10 and necking II 11 thinnest parts of section is preferable at 2 millimeters.
Scale is provided with the interior cylinder 1 and outside cylinder 2.Convex is provided with the outer wall of the interior cylinder 1 12 are played, the locating slot 13 of bar shaped is provided with the inwall of outside cylinder 2, positioning convex 12 and locating slot 13 are equipped with.
The setting of positioning convex 12 and locating slot 13 causes that interior cylinder 1 is conveniently positioned in outside cylinder 2, and In tunneling process, prevent interior cylinder 1 from being rotated against with outside cylinder 2.
Certainly, described above is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention is also not limited to the example above, the art Those of ordinary skill, in essential scope of the invention, the change made, remodeling, addition or replace, should all belong to the present invention Protection domain.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of geologic prospect soil sampler, including interior cylinder(1)With outside cylinder(2), interior cylinder(1)It is socketed on outer barrel Body(2)It is interior, interior cylinder(1)Top be higher than outside cylinder(2)Top;The interior cylinder(1)Top both sides be provided with Lift-pull handle(3), outside cylinder(2)Top both sides are provided with probing handle(4);The outside cylinder(2)Bottom side of the wall on It is provided with the spiral driving piece of cylindrical helical arrangement(5);It is characterized in that:The outside cylinder(2)Epimere is provided with expansion Section(6), expansion arc(6)Internal diameter be more than outside cylinder(2)Internal diameter;The interior cylinder(1)Epimere be internally provided with spiral shell Rasp bar(7), threaded rod(7)With interior cylinder(1)Inner thread is connected;The interior cylinder(1)Upper and expansion arc(6)Coordinate Interior expansion arc is provided with position(8), interior expansion arc(8)Internal diameter be less than interior cylinder(1)Internal diameter, interior expansion arc(8)On It is provided with some bar shaped flutings(9);Threaded rod(7)Length be more than expansion arc(6)Top is to interior cylinder(1)Top away from From.
2. geologic prospect soil sampler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The outside cylinder(2)Lower end set There is necking section I(10).
3. geologic prospect soil sampler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The interior cylinder(1)Lower end set There is necking section II(11).
4. geologic prospect soil sampler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The interior cylinder(1)With outside cylinder (2)On be provided with scale.
5. geologic prospect soil sampler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The interior cylinder(1)Set on outer wall There is positioning convex(12), outside cylinder(2)The locating slot of bar shaped is provided with inwall(13), positioning convex(12)And locating slot (13)It is equipped with.
CN201710011877.4A 2017-01-08 2017-01-08 A kind of geologic prospect soil sampler Pending CN106769191A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710011877.4A CN106769191A (en) 2017-01-08 2017-01-08 A kind of geologic prospect soil sampler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710011877.4A CN106769191A (en) 2017-01-08 2017-01-08 A kind of geologic prospect soil sampler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106769191A true CN106769191A (en) 2017-05-31

Family

ID=58951068

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710011877.4A Pending CN106769191A (en) 2017-01-08 2017-01-08 A kind of geologic prospect soil sampler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106769191A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109432871A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-03-08 吴联星 Filter core positioning tube

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109432871A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-03-08 吴联星 Filter core positioning tube
CN109432871B (en) * 2018-12-26 2021-10-29 吴联星 Filter element positioning cylinder

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