CN108931392A - A kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device and its application method - Google Patents

A kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device and its application method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108931392A
CN108931392A CN201810523001.2A CN201810523001A CN108931392A CN 108931392 A CN108931392 A CN 108931392A CN 201810523001 A CN201810523001 A CN 201810523001A CN 108931392 A CN108931392 A CN 108931392A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lever
drill bit
firming
earth boring
boring auger
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Pending
Application number
CN201810523001.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐伟洲
孟令超
王小林
史雷
亢福仁
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Yulin University
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Yulin University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yulin University filed Critical Yulin University
Priority to CN201810523001.2A priority Critical patent/CN108931392A/en
Publication of CN108931392A publication Critical patent/CN108931392A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting
    • G01N1/08Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting involving an extracting tool, e.g. core bit

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger devices, including lever firming device, mobile jib and the drill bit that mobile jib lower end is arranged in for taking out soil sample in drill bit;Lever firming device includes motion stops, drive rod and hand lever;The inside of drill bit is arranged in motion stops, and can move up and down along the inner wall of drill bit, and the lower end of drive rod passes through drill bit and motion stops are hinged, and the upper end of manual boom end and drive rod is hinged, and the middle part of hand lever and mobile jib are hinged;Hand lever is rotated up, then drive rod is able to drive motion stops and moves down along the inner wall of drill bit.The device greatly simplifies the complex process that soil sample is taken out from drill bit, a large amount of valuable times are saved for field test, and its structure and principle are easily understood, are flexible to operation, specification is small, light-weight, the normal use of earth boring auger is not interfered with, it is a kind of sample acquisition machine of more satisfactoryization, there is good value for applications.

Description

A kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device and its application method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field soil sampling instrument field more particularly to a kind of field portable lever firming formula earth boring auger devices And its application method.
Background technique
Soil plays immeasurable effect as important carrier a kind of in the ecosystem, to nature, therefore, to soil It is very necessary for carrying out scientific research;Currently, in ecology, agrology, environmental project, agriculture field and plant research etc. Many spheres of learning can all carry out the experimental study of related fields to soil.
And in the research of soil, due to the inconvenience of field condition, it is often necessary to be sampled to soil, then again Take indoor carry out correlation test research to, and the tool being commonly used at present when field samples soil is typically all soil It bores;And traditional earth boring auger is a single T-shaped structure, is mainly formed by welding by drill bit, drilling rod, handle three-major-items, when use Only need to exert oneself for earth boring auger to be rotatably pressed downward, although easy to operate, the later period from drill bit from inside to outside soil sampling when need to use tool It slowly digs out outward, then just soil sample can be entered into bag and sealed up for safekeeping, process is cumbersome, and work consuming is time-consuming, and working efficiency is low; And its drill bit lower edge all uses concordant formula blade substantially, uses not only arduously, but also efficiency is lower.So in conclusion There are process troubles, the shortcomings such as work consuming is time-consuming, working efficiency is low for traditional soil sample acquisition method.
Therefore, a kind of device how is designed, quick sampling can be carried out to soil in field, sampled, and time saving and energy saving, Work efficiency is high, is our technical issues that need to address.
Summary of the invention
Aiming at the problems existing in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device and its Application method solves the problems such as sample apparatus complex procedures, work consuming are time-consuming, working efficiency is low in the prior art, the present invention Not only structure and use principle are simple, field is easy to carry, operation is convenient, but also its special lever firming device is greatly simple Change the complex process for taking out soil sample from drill bit, saved unnecessary manpower consumption, saves a large amount of treasured for field test The expensive time;Secondly, its drill bit lower end unique serrated edge of open-mouth can be easy to that drill body is made to enter soil stratification, add Fast sample rate, working efficiency are higher.
The present invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device, including for taking out soil sample in drill bit lever firming device, mobile jib and The drill bit of mobile jib lower end is set;
Wherein, the lever firming device includes motion stops, drive rod and hand lever;Motion stops are arranged in drill bit The lower end in portion, and capable of moving up and down along the inner wall of drill bit, drive rod passes through drill bit and motion stops are hinged, manual boom end and The upper end of drive rod is hinged, and the middle part of hand lever and mobile jib are hinged;
Hand lever is rotated up, then drive rod is able to drive motion stops and moves down along the inner wall of drill bit.
Preferably, the drive rod includes two sub- drive rods, is symmetricly set on the two sides of mobile jib.
Preferably, the hand lever includes connecting rod and driving handle;It is provided with U-shaped card slot on mobile jib, is arranged in card slot There is horizontal lever connecting shaft, the middle part of connecting rod connect axis connection with lever, and one end of connecting rod connects with two sub- drive rods It connects, the other end is connect with driving handle.
Preferably, it is also equipped with torsional spring in the lever connecting shaft, hand lever can be made to rotate down.
Preferably, the mobile jib includes drilling rod and handle, and the handle is horizontally set on the upper end of drilling rod, the lower end of drilling rod It is connect by screw thread with drill bit.
Preferably, the iron that the center of the handle is additionally provided with for bearing percussion power is blunt.
Preferably, the drill bit includes drill body and brill lid;Bore the top that lid is threadedly attached in drill body, the lower end of drill body Oral area is angle.
Preferably, continuous serrated edge is provided on the angle.
Preferably, the notch for observing soil sample is additionally provided on the side wall of the drill body.
The present invention also provides a kind of application methods of lever firming formula earth boring auger device, include the following steps,
Drill bit alignment sampling area is downwardly applied to pressure by step 1, is gradually inserted drill bit in the sampling soil body, until boring Head reaches depth selection;
Step 2 above mentions drill bit, is rotated up hand lever, and hand lever drives drive rod to move down, and drive rod, which drives, lives Dynamic plug is moved down along the inner wall of drill bit, and the soil in drill bit is all extruded.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following beneficial technical effects:
The lever firming formula earth boring auger device, including drill bit and mobile jib, the installation activity plug in drill bit, hand lever rotation connection On mobile jib, mobile jib is connect by drive rod with piston, and during removing sample, applying pressure to drill bit makes drill bit be deep into soil In, then by upward rotary manual bar, hand lever drives to be moved down by drive rod band piston, by the soil sample in drill bit It extrudes, completes sampling.The device greatly simplifies the complex process that soil sample is taken out from drill bit, saves greatly for field test Valuable time is measured, and its structure and principle are easily understood, are flexible to operation, specification is small, light-weight, do not interfere with earth boring auger Normal use, be a kind of sample acquisition machine of more satisfactoryization, have good value for applications.
Two sub- drive rods are symmetricly set on to the two sides of mobile jib, ensure that the mobile balance of motion stops.
Handle is installed in the upper end of drilling rod, improves the convenience of earth boring auger device operation.
The blunt device of iron is added in handle upper end, is particularly suitable for the harder area of soil, expands the suitable of earth boring auger device With range and operating limit.
Increase sharp serrated edge in the lower end of drill bit, enable drill body quickly into soil stratification, accelerate Sample rate saves unnecessary manpower consumption, also improves test efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of earth boring auger device;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of drill bit;
Fig. 3 is structural representation Fig. 1 of mobile jib;
Fig. 4 is structural representation Fig. 2 of lever mobile jib;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of firming device;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of piston;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of extension bar;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of blade protective case.
In figure:1, drill bit;1-1, lid is bored;1-2, thread cnnecting shaft;1-3, hole is passed through;1-4, ring shaped thread connecting shaft;1- 5, drill body;1-6, rectangular notch;1-7, serrated edge;2, mobile jib;2-1, handle;2-2, rubber antiskid protective case;2-3, iron It is blunt;2-4, drilling rod;2-6, lever connecting shaft;2-7, aperture;2-8, latch closure;3, lever firming device;3-1, motion stops;3-2, work Dynamic plug connecting hole;3-3, drive rod;3-4, hand lever;3-5, torsional spring;3-6, rubber antiskid protective layer;4, extension bar;5, blade Protective case.
Specific embodiment
Present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings, described to be explanation of the invention rather than limit It is fixed.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device, including drill bit 1, mobile jib 2 and lever firming device 3.
Wherein, the top of mobile jib 2 is provided with horizontal handle, and the lower end of mobile jib 2, lever firming device 3 is arranged in drill bit 1 Upper end connect with mobile jib, lower end be arranged in drill bit, for by drill bit 1 figure take out.
As shown in Fig. 2, drill bit 1 is the cylindrical structure that bottom end is in ramp-like opened type, drill bit 1 includes by drill body 1-5 and brill Cover 1-1.
The drill body 1-5 is that lower end oral area is in ramp-like tubular structure, and it is 2mm's that depth is machined at the top of drill body 1-5 Internal screw thread, bottom to the top of drill body of drill body lower end oral area are 25cm, the top of lower end oral area to drill body it is most upper End is 20cm, and it is symmetric, and rectangular notch 1-6 is additionally provided on drill body 1-5, and notch 1-6 setting is being vertically arranged in On the side wall of drill body, and also to can be used as out of drill bit 1 with the shortest position of drill body length to observe soil sample acquisition situation The spare mouth that soil is taken out.
The lower end of drill body 1-5 is angle shape, and its difference in height is 5cm, and its lower edge is evenly distributed with serrated edge 1- 7, and the drill body 1-5 lower edge of the vertical central axes of its each blade and connection is orthogonal, the degree formed can both make to promote to bore Body rotates in the horizontal direction, and drill body can be promoted to obtain decrease speed.
The diameter for boring lid is identical as drill body 1-5 diameter, and boring lid 1-1 includes lid, connecting shaft 1-2 and loop connecting ring 1-4; Lid is the cylindrical body with a thickness of 1cm, and connecting shaft 1-2 is welded on the center at the top of lid 1, is arranged on connecting shaft 1-2 useful In the screw thread connected with mobile jib 2, ring shaped thread connecting shaft 1-4 is welded on the lower end for boring lid 1-1, is height 1.5cm, thickness The tubular structure of 2.5mm, and its diameter relatively brill lid is smaller, and external screw thread, inner wall smooth, outer spiral shell are provided on loop connecting ring 1-4 Line and the internal screw thread of drill body upper end match, and bore lid 1-1 and drill body is connected through a screw thread.
As shown in Figures 3 and 4, mobile jib 2 includes handle 2-1 and drilling rod 2-4, and is hollow tube material;The handle 2-1 is cross-shaped structure, and horizontal direction is the manual operation bar part of handle 2-1, and its total length is in 25cm or so, outside Wall is wrapped with one layer of rubber antiskid protective case 2-2, prevention and treatment sliding and the abrasion of control personnel's finger in operation, handle upper end weldering It is connected to the blunt 2-3 of iron, the convenient method that the percussion of other objects can be used when manpower can not push soil sampling makes it move down completion soil Sample acquisition, its underpart are that externally threaded connecting shaft is arranged.
The drilling rod 2-4 is the steel-tube construction that length is 80cm, and the depth that is provided with of the top and bottom of drilling rod is 2mm Internal screw thread, the internal screw thread of the upper end and the external screw thread of handle, at its lower end match, the internal screw thread of lower end and the spiral shell of bit upper end The screw thread of line connecting shaft 1-2 matches;The upper end of drilling rod 2-4 is connect by screw thread with handle, and lower end is by screw thread and bores lid connection.
As shown in figure 5, lever firming device 3 includes motion stops 3-1, drive rod 3-3, hand lever 3-4 and torsional spring 3-5.
As shown in fig. 6, the motion stops 3-1 is movably arranged in drill bit 1, shape size and drill bit 1 are adapted, activity It fills in and is symmetrical arranged along central axes direction there are two connecting hole 3-2 at the top of 3-1, two bored on lid 1-1 pass through hole 1-3.
Drive rod 3-3 includes the sub- drive rod for the bar construction that two sections are rectangle, is located at the two of drilling rod 2-4 The lower end of side, drive rod 3-3 is hinged by rivet across the connecting hole 3-2 across hole 1-3 and motion stops 3-1, on drive rod 3-3 End is hinged by the top of rivet and hand lever 3-4.It is rectangular configuration across hole 1-3, is used for across drive rod 3-3 in firming Swinging back and forth in the process.
Hand lever 3-4 is y-type structure, and connecting rod and handle including V-type, the section of connecting rod is the reinforcing bar knot of rectangle The upper end of structure, two sub- drive rods of the two ipsilateral ends of V-type connecting rod respectively at drive rod 3-3 is hinged, under drilling rod 2-4 Portion's level welds U-shaped card slot, and lever connecting shaft 2-6 is provided in card slot, and the middle part of V-type connecting rod is connect by rivet with lever Axis 2-6 is hinged, is also equipped with torsional spring 3-5 on lever connecting shaft 2-6.
Handle is small size steel-tube construction, and one end of handle is connect with the intersection point of V-type connecting rod, and the outer wall of handle is enclosed with one Layer rubber antiskid protective layer 3-6.The upward certain distance in the lower end drilling rod 2-4 is provided with an aperture 2-7, for installing fixed handle Latch closure 2-8, the lower end of handle is additionally provided with the external screw thread for connecting extension bar.
As shown in fig. 7, also mating be provided with extension bar 4, extension bar 4 is the steel-tube construction that length is 1m, the upper end setting There is depth for the internal screw thread of 2mm, the external screw thread of internal screw thread and handle, at its lower end matches, and lower end is provided with external screw thread, external screw thread Match with the helicitic texture 2-5 of drilling rod upper end, multiple extension bars can be connected according to use condition.
Drill bit 1, drilling rod 2 and 4 outer wall of extension bar are carved with corresponding length scale, wherein:2 scale of drill bit 1 and drilling rod Total length is 1m, and using the highest point of 1 lower edge of drill bit as zero point, the distance between every two graduation mark is 5cm, is marked every 10cm Number, between 0-95cm as unit of cm, often completely 1m is marked " 1m ";Extension bar 4 is using externally threaded upper end as zero point, mark side Formula is same as described above.
Drive rod 3-3 lower edge half is level, and the certain angle of half deflection, distinctive appearance structure both can be well Motion stops 3-1 movement is pushed, and can guarantee that the upper end drive rod 3-3 has enough rotations empty with the rotation of hand lever 3-4 Between.
The steel-tube construction of the end hand lever 3-4 can also lengthen lever length according to the actual situation, look for a size and steel Bore adaptable iron rod or waddy mainly prevent the brill caused by many factors such as the stickiness of acquisition soil sample The soil sample and 1 inner wall frictional force of drill bit that first 1 inside acquires it is excessive and the case where cause staff that can not extrude soil sample, because This, present apparatus target user is very extensive, and men and women experimenter is applicable in.
As shown in figure 8, boring native device when not in use, drill bit protective case 5, size, shape and 1 lower edge of drill bit are mutually fitted It answers.
All building blocks for boring native device are all made of high-intensitive, high rigidity stainless steel material and are made, with density The features such as small, intensity is big, good toughness, ensure that will not be deformed in sampling process, will not destroy.
The present invention also provides the installation methods of the lever firming formula earth boring auger device, will first bore lid 1-1 and brill when in use Bar 2-4 is connected through a screw thread, then motion stops 3-1 and two drive rod 3-3 are hinged, then will be on two drive rod 3-3 End both passes through two that bore the lid upper end 1-1 across hole 1-3, then, installs hand lever 3-4, and torsional spring 3-5 is first fixed on lever and is connected On spindle 2-6, then hand lever 3-4 is fixed on lever connecting shaft 2-6 by rivet again, then, then by hand lever 3-4 and The upper end drive rod 3-3 is respectively fixedly connected with, and drill body 1-5 and handle 2-1 are then passed through the connection type of screw thread respectively again It is connected to brill lid 1-1 and the upper end drilling rod 2-4, i.e. instrument installs.
The present invention also provides the application methods of the lever firming formula earth boring auger device, in field during soil sampling, experiment Drill bit 1 need to be directed at sampling area by personnel, then both hands gripping handles 2-1, and both hands are firmly pressed downward, or can not be pushed in manpower When other material resources can be used tap the blunt 2-3 of iron on handle, be gradually inserted drill bit 1 in the sampling soil body, until drill bit 1 reaches and takes Sample depth once samples successfully;Then, earth boring auger device is above mentioned, by sampler bag mark label and is placed under it, sample collector It is firmly rotated up hand lever 3-4, makes the end its hand lever 3-4 that drive rod 3-3 be driven to push down on the activity in drill bit 1 Filling in 3-1 can all extrude the soil in drill bit 1, i.e., this completes a soil sample acquisition tasks;After unclamping hand lever 3-4, Lever firming device 3 can rotate down under the rebound effect of torsional spring 3-5, until being restored to original position.It is reciprocal with this, until Complete all sampling tasks.
One kind lever firming formula earth boring auger device provided by the invention and its application method have continued traditional Soil Sample dress Set --- earth boring auger sample mode, but unlike to increase angle at the drill bit of lower end on the basis of original unique and sharp Serrated edge, enable drill body quickly into soil stratification, accelerate sample rate, save unnecessary manpower and disappear It consumes, also improve test efficiency, meanwhile, the blunt device of iron is added in handle upper end, the scope of application of the present apparatus is expanded and makes Use the limit;But also the tradition method of tool slowly outside soil digging sample has been abandoned, it is added on the basis of original unique Lever firming formula device greatly simplifies the complex process for taking out soil sample from drill bit, saves largely for field test Valuable time, and its structure and principle are easily understood, are flexible to operation, specification is small, light-weight, do not interfere with earth boring auger Normal use is a kind of sample acquisition machine of more satisfactoryization, has good value for applications.
The above content is merely illustrative of the invention's technical idea, and this does not limit the scope of protection of the present invention, all to press According to technical idea proposed by the present invention, any changes made on the basis of the technical scheme each falls within claims of the present invention Protection scope within.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device, which is characterized in that including the lever firming device for extruding soil sample in drill bit (3), mobile jib (2) and setting mobile jib (2) lower end drill bit (1);
Wherein, the lever firming device (3) includes motion stops (3-1), drive rod (3-3) and hand lever (3-4);Motion stops (3-1) is arranged in the inside of drill bit (1), and can move up and down along the inner wall of drill bit, and the lower end of drive rod (3-3), which passes through, bores Hingedly, the hand lever end (3-4) and the upper end of drive rod (3-3) are hinged, in hand lever (3-4) by head (1) and motion stops (3-1) Portion and mobile jib (2) are hinged;
When hand lever (3-4) is rotated up, then it is downward along the inner wall of drill bit to be able to drive motion stops (3-1) for drive rod (3-3) It is mobile.
2. a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the drive rod (3-3) includes Two sub- drive rods, are symmetricly set on the two sides of mobile jib (2).
3. a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the hand lever (3-4) includes Connecting rod and driving handle;It is provided with U-shaped card slot on mobile jib (2), horizontal lever connecting shaft (2-6) is provided in card slot, even The middle part of extension bar is connect with lever connecting shaft (2-6), and one end of connecting rod is connect with two sub- drive rods (3-3), the other end with Driving handle connection.
4. a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the lever connecting shaft (2-6) On be also equipped with torsional spring, hand lever (3-4) can be made to rotate down.
5. a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the mobile jib (2) includes drilling rod (2-4) and handle (2-1), the handle (2-1) are horizontally set on the upper end of drilling rod (2-4), and the lower end of drilling rod (2-4) passes through spiral shell Line is connect with drill bit (1).
6. a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the center of the handle (2-1) The iron being additionally provided with for bearing percussion power is blunt (2-3).
7. a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the drill bit (1) includes drill body (1-5) and bore lid (1-1);The top that lid (1-1) is threadedly attached in drill body (1-5) is bored, the lower end oral area of drill body (1-5) is Angle.
8. a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device according to claim 7, which is characterized in that be provided on the angle continuous Serrated edge (1-7).
9. a kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the side wall of the drill body (1-5) On be additionally provided with notch (1-6) for observing soil sample.
10. a kind of application method of lever firming formula earth boring auger device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that including with Lower step,
Drill bit (1) alignment sampling area is downwardly applied to pressure by step 1, is gradually inserted drill bit (1) in the sampling soil body, until Drill bit (1) reaches depth selection;
Step 2 takes out drill bit (1) from soil, is rotated up hand lever (3-4), and hand lever (3-4) drives drive rod (3- 3) it moves down, drive rod (3-3) drives motion stops (3-1) to move down along the inner wall of drill bit, and the soil in drill bit (1) is complete Portion extrudes.
CN201810523001.2A 2018-05-28 2018-05-28 A kind of lever firming formula earth boring auger device and its application method Pending CN108931392A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN109916662A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-06-21 宁波市农业科学研究院 A kind of handle assisted soil sampler
CN112647878A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-13 江苏拓海煤矿钻探机械有限公司 Colliery drilling rod with sample structure

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CN203385582U (en) * 2013-08-23 2014-01-08 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Soil auger with ruler
CN203455187U (en) * 2013-09-28 2014-02-26 安徽理工大学 Rotary type soil sample collector
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109916662A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-06-21 宁波市农业科学研究院 A kind of handle assisted soil sampler
CN112647878A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-13 江苏拓海煤矿钻探机械有限公司 Colliery drilling rod with sample structure

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