CN106761806B - Divide the tunneling boring pushing tow system and pushing method of chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery - Google Patents

Divide the tunneling boring pushing tow system and pushing method of chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106761806B
CN106761806B CN201611170327.9A CN201611170327A CN106761806B CN 106761806 B CN106761806 B CN 106761806B CN 201611170327 A CN201611170327 A CN 201611170327A CN 106761806 B CN106761806 B CN 106761806B
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China
Prior art keywords
force
chamber
pushing tow
plate
tunneling
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CN106761806A (en
Inventor
宁加星
易敏
余流
李河玉
王会刚
贾建伟
王安鑫
吴坤标
刘晓敏
薛铖
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China Construction Sixth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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China Construction Sixth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/10Making by using boring or cutting machines
    • E21D9/11Making by using boring or cutting machines with a rotary drilling-head cutting simultaneously the whole cross-section, i.e. full-face machines

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of tunneling boring pushing tow systems for dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery, including counter-force back system, top force system system support frame, top force system system, guide rail, the power transmission beam of falling T and drag-reduction system;The invention also discloses the pushing methods of above-mentioned pushing tow system: firstly, carry out down T divide chamber structure whole stage length select and it is integral prefabricated;Secondly, installing counter-force back system, top force system system support frame, top force system system, guide rail in node well, and drag-reduction system is installed in piping lane on stringer;Then, the power transmission beam of falling T is installed, top force system system is opened, merogenesis falls T and divides chamber structure in place one by one;Finally, dividing the cementation of fissures at chamber structure and piping lane gap, leveling in T, completion divides chamber structure pushing tow.Present system and method solve pipe gallery under no-dig technique engineering method and divide the problems such as chamber structure construction is complicated, operating space is narrow, can significantly improve the construction efficiency that tradition divides chamber structure.

Description

Divide the tunneling boring pushing tow system and pushing method of chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery
Technical field
The present invention relates to pipe gallery construction, in particular to a kind of tunneling boring top for dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery Pushing system and pushing method.
Background technique
The currently known cast-in-place mode of full framing main in the construction of no-dig technique engineering method pipe gallery inner part chamber structure, Process is tedious for this kind of construction method, long in time limit, operating environment is poor, and people, machine, the disposable investment of material are big, be unfavorable for construction machinery, The turnover of material, the guarantee of construction quality.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is overcoming deficiency in the prior art, provides and a kind of divide chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery Quickly, green, low cost construction temporary system and method, this system and method solve pipe gallery point storehouse under no-dig technique engineering method The problems such as structure construction is complicated, operating space is narrow can significantly improve the construction efficiency that tradition divides chamber structure, economically, work Accomplish on phase, in quality, in safety etc. more scientific and reasonable.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is that: a kind of tunneling boring pushing tow system dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery System, the drag-reduction system divided on the stringer of chamber structure self gravity including being arranged in piping lane, for bearing T, and setting exist Pushing tow system ontology in piping lane node well;The pushing tow system ontology include setting node well jacking opposite direction side wall side it Between counter-force carry on the back system, the front of counter-force back system is provided with inverted T shaped top force system system support on the plate of node shaft bottom Frame is provided with the top force system being in contact with counter-force back system on top force system system support frame and unites;The top force system system branch The front of support is provided with the frame-type guide rail for dividing chamber structure for stablizing and transmitting down T on the plate of node shaft bottom.
The pushing tow system ontology further includes being arranged on the guide rail, uniting positioned at the top force system and T divides chamber structure Between, divide chamber structure section configuration the consistent power transmission beam of falling T with T.
Counter-force back system includes the steel plate box that width is greater than piping lane cross section, and setting steel plate box two sides be used for The connector that the side node Jing Qiang is connected, the steel plate box is interior to be filled with concrete.
The top force system system support frame is the inverted T shaped frame structure being made of lateral fashioned iron, longitudinal fashioned iron and column, described The reserved top force system system space for installing the top force system system is offered on top force system system support frame.
The top force system system is several hydraulic cylinders that the top force system is arranged in and unites on support frame.
The guide rail is the frame structure being made of column, lateral fashioned iron, longitudinal fashioned iron, oblique fashioned iron and rail, described The two sides of the guide rail top surface are arranged in rail.
The drag-reduction system includes the bottom plate being coated on stringer outer surface, and is arranged in the plate top surface, is located at Divide the drag reduction plate at chamber structure contact surface with T, is provided with drag reducer between the drag reduction plate and the bottom plate.
The bottom plate uses stainless steel plate, and the drag reduction plate uses polyfluortetraethylene plate.
The present invention also provides a kind of tops based on the above-mentioned tunneling boring pushing tow system for dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery Push away method, comprising the following steps:
(1) the whole stage length that T divides chamber structure is carried out down according to the flat vertical curve condition of piping lane route, hanging device situation Selection;
(2) it carries out down T and divides the integral prefabricated of chamber structure segment;
(3) counter-force back system unwrapping wire, lifting are carried out in pipe gallery node well, counter-force carries on the back system and node well side wall connects It connects;
(4) guide rail assembly is carried out on ground, after the completion of assembly in integral hoisting to starting well, after accurate adjustment is in place, guide rail bottom Portion is stably connected with node shaft bottom plate;
(5) top force system system support frame assembly is carried out on ground, after the completion of assembly in integral hoisting to starting well, accurate adjustment is in place Afterwards, top force system system support frame bottom is stably connected with node shaft bottom plate;
(6) installation top force system is united to top force system system support frame;
(7) bottom plate is coated on the outside of stringer in piping lane and divides chamber structure in T before its top surface smearing drag reducer, pushing tow Drag reduction plate is placed at the sliding surface contacted with stringer;
(8) lifting segment is fallen T and is divided on chamber structure to guide rail;
(9) the lifting power transmission beam of falling T is placed on top force system system and T divides between chamber structure;
(10) top force system system is opened, merogenesis falls T and divides chamber structure in place one by one;
(11) divide the cementation of fissures at chamber structure and piping lane gap, leveling in T, completion divides chamber structure pushing tow.
In step (2), the prefabricated T that falls divides the section width of chamber structure 2~5cm smaller than piping lane inner cross-sectional width.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, using pushing tow system of the present invention, piping lane is interior not to have to any interim frame body, and operation is simple, security risk is few, measure Take low;
2, in the present invention, due to using Drag reduction devices, resistance is very small, and move speed is fast, and the construction period is short;
3, in the present invention, counter-force carries on the back system, top force system system support frame, guide rail, the power transmission beam of falling T and the recyclable benefit of draft reduction material With environmentally protective;
4, using pushing tow system of the present invention and pushing method, divide chamber structure be it is integral prefabricated, overall performance is good, especially pair Combustion gas storehouse etc. has impact force/pressure warehouse structure more rationally than masonry etc.;
5, using pushing tow system of the present invention and pushing method, the investment of people, machine, material, work are greatly reduced in work progress Cheng Chengben is substantially reduced.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1: pushing tow system ontology three dimensional structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2: counter-force of the present invention carries on the back system schematic view of the front view;
Fig. 3: counter-force of the present invention carries on the back system overlooking structure diagram;
Fig. 4: top force system system support frame three dimensional structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5: guide rail schematic view of the front view of the present invention;
Fig. 6: guide rail side structure schematic view of the present invention;
Fig. 7: the power transmission beam of falling T three dimensional structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 8: drag-reduction system cross section structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Attached drawing mark: 1, counter-force carries on the back system;2, top force system system support frame;3, top force system is united;4, guide rail;5, the power transmission beam of falling T; 6, the T that falls divides chamber structure;7, stringer;8, drag-reduction system;11, steel plate box;12, connector;21, lateral fashioned iron;22, longitudinal type Steel;23, column;24, top force system system space is reserved;41, column;42, lateral fashioned iron;43, longitudinal fashioned iron;44, oblique fashioned iron; 45, rail;81, bottom plate;82, drag reduction plate;83, drag reducer;84, rivet.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing.
If attached drawing 1 is to shown in Fig. 8, a kind of tunneling boring pushing tow system for dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery, including set The drag-reduction system 8 divided on the stringer 7 of 6 self gravity of chamber structure in piping lane, for bearing T is set, and is arranged in piping lane section Pushing tow system ontology in point well.
The pushing tow system ontology includes counter-force back system 1, top force system system support frame 2, top force system system 3, guide rail 4 and power transmission The beam of falling T 5.The counter-force back system 1 is arranged between node well jacking opposite direction side wall side, including width is greater than piping lane cross section Steel plate box 11, and 11 two sides of steel plate box are set for the connector 12 that is connected with the side node Jing Qiang, the steel plate box 11 It is interior to be filled with concrete.The top force system system support frame 2 is arranged in the front of the counter-force back system 1, is located at node shaft bottom plate On, the inverted T shaped frame structure being made of lateral fashioned iron 21, longitudinal fashioned iron 22 and column 23 is opened on the top force system system support frame 2 It unites space 24, in the present embodiment, the transverse direction fashioned iron 21, longitudinal fashioned iron equipped with the reserved top force system for installing top force system system 3 22 and column 23 be all made of square steel.The reserved top force system system that the top force system system 3 is arranged on the top force system system support frame 2 is empty Between in 24, and be in contact with counter-force back system 1, in the present embodiment, the top force system system 3 is is arranged in the top force system Several hydraulic cylinders united on support frame 2 select different tonnages according to jacking distance, jacking resistance and have Telescopic Hydraulic cylinder.The guide rail 4 is arranged in the front of top force system system support frame 2, is located on the plate of node shaft bottom, by column 41, The frame structure that lateral fashioned iron 42, longitudinal fashioned iron 43, oblique fashioned iron 44 and rail 45 form, the setting of rail 45 are led described The two sides of 4 top surface of rail, in the present embodiment, the column 41, lateral fashioned iron 42, longitudinal fashioned iron 43, oblique fashioned iron 44 are all made of work Word steel, the rail 45 use square steel;The guide rail 4 is used to divide 6 interim stabilization of chamber structure to live in the prefabricated T that falls, and accurate Be sent in corridor on vertical supporting frame.The power transmission beam of falling T 5 is arranged on the guide rail 4, is located at 3 and of top force system system T divides between chamber structure 6, be processed by solid section square steel divide 6 section configuration of chamber structure consistent girder steel with T, use In uniformly transferring power.
The drag-reduction system 8 is to reduce T the construction of frictional resistance between vertical supporting component in chamber structure 6 and corridor body is divided to arrange Apply, including being coated on the bottom plate 81 on 7 outer surface of stringer by rivet 84, and setting 81 top surface of bottom plate, be located at T divides the drag reduction plate 82 at 6 contact surface of chamber structure, is provided with drag reducer 83 between the drag reduction plate 82 and the bottom plate 81.This In embodiment, the bottom plate 81 uses stainless steel plate, and the drag reduction plate 82 uses polyfluortetraethylene plate, and the drag reducer 82 uses Grease type drag reducer.
The present invention divides the pushing method of the tunneling boring pushing tow system of chamber structure, including following step for tunneling pipe gallery It is rapid:
(1) it carries out down T according to the flat vertical curve condition of piping lane route, hanging device situation and divides the whole stage of chamber structure 6 long Degree selection, can be any length of 2~10m;
(2) T is nearby carried out down on construction ground and divides the integral prefabricated of 6 segment of chamber structure, and the prefabricated T that falls divides chamber structure 6 Section width is 2~5cm smaller than piping lane inner cross-sectional width;
(3) counter-force back 1 unwrapping wire of system, lifting are carried out in pipe gallery node well, the steel plate box 11 that counter-force carries on the back system 1 is logical It crosses high-strength bolt and carries out effective anchor connection across connector 12 and node well side wall;
(4) 4 assembly of guide rail is carried out on ground, passes through lateral fashioned iron 42, longitudinal fashioned iron 43 and oblique fashioned iron between column 41 44 are welded, then the welded rails 45 on column 41;After the completion of assembly in integral hoisting to starting well, after accurate adjustment is in place, lead 4 bottom of rail is stably connected with by high-strength bolt and node shaft bottom plate;
(5) 2 assembly of top force system system support frame is carried out on ground, passes through lateral fashioned iron 21 and longitudinal fashioned iron 22 between column 23 It welds integral, and reserved top force system is opened up according to engineering demand on it and is united space 24;Integral hoisting is extremely begun after the completion of assembly It sends out in well, after accurate adjustment is in place, top force system system 2 bottom of support frame is stably connected with by high-strength bolt and node shaft bottom plate;
(6) in installation top force system system 3 to top force system system support frame 2, and by the two firm welding;
(7) bottom plate 81 is coated on the outside of stringer 7 in piping lane and smears drag reducer 83 in its top surface, is divided before pushing tow in T Drag reduction plate 82 is placed at the sliding surface that chamber structure 6 is contacted with stringer 7;
(8) lifting segment is fallen T and is divided on chamber structure 6 to guide rail 4;
(9) the lifting power transmission beam of falling T 5 is placed on top force system system 3 and T divides between chamber structure 6;
(10) top force system system 3 is opened, merogenesis falls T and divides chamber structure 6 in place one by one;
(11) divide the cementation of fissures at chamber structure 6 and piping lane gap, leveling in T, completion divides chamber structure pushing tow.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of tunneling boring pushing tow system for dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery, which is characterized in that including being arranged in piping lane Drag-reduction system that is interior, dividing on the stringer of chamber structure self gravity for bearing T, and the pushing tow being arranged in piping lane node well System ontology;The pushing tow system ontology includes the counter-force back system being arranged between node well jacking opposite direction side wall side, institute It states the front of counter-force back system, be provided with inverted T shaped top force system system support frame on the plate of node shaft bottom, the top force system system support It is provided on frame and carries on the back the top force system system that system is in contact with the counter-force, the top force system system is setting in top force system system Several hydraulic cylinders on support;The front of the top force system system support frame is provided on the plate of node shaft bottom for steady Determine and transmit down the frame-type guide rail that T divides chamber structure;The pushing tow system ontology further includes being arranged on the guide rail, being located at institute It states top force system system and T divides between chamber structure, divide chamber structure section configuration the consistent power transmission beam of falling T with T.
2. the tunneling boring pushing tow system according to claim 1 for dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery, which is characterized in that The counter-force back system includes the steel plate box that width is greater than piping lane cross section, and setting is used for and node Jing Qiang in steel plate box two sides The connector that side is connected, the steel plate box is interior to be filled with concrete.
3. the tunneling boring pushing tow system according to claim 1 for dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery, which is characterized in that The top force system system support frame is the inverted T shaped frame structure being made of lateral fashioned iron, longitudinal fashioned iron and column, the top force system system The reserved top force system system space for installing the top force system system is offered on support frame.
4. the tunneling boring pushing tow system according to claim 1 for dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery, which is characterized in that The guide rail is the frame structure being made of column, lateral fashioned iron, longitudinal fashioned iron, oblique fashioned iron and rail, the rail setting In the two sides of the guide rail top surface.
5. the tunneling boring pushing tow system according to claim 1 for dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery, which is characterized in that The drag-reduction system includes the bottom plate being coated on stringer outer surface, and is arranged in the plate top surface, positioned at T and divides storehouse Drag reduction plate at structure interface is provided with drag reducer between the drag reduction plate and the bottom plate.
6. the tunneling boring pushing tow system according to claim 5 for dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery, which is characterized in that The bottom plate uses stainless steel plate, and the drag reduction plate uses polyfluortetraethylene plate.
7. a kind of based on the tunneling boring pushing tow for dividing chamber structure described in 1 to 6 any one of the claims for tunneling pipe gallery The pushing method of system, which comprises the following steps:
(1) it carries out down T according to the flat vertical curve condition of piping lane route, hanging device situation and the whole stage length of chamber structure is divided to select It selects;
(2) it carries out down T and divides the integral prefabricated of chamber structure segment;
(3) counter-force back system unwrapping wire, lifting are carried out in pipe gallery node well, counter-force back system is connect with node well side wall;
(4) to carry out guide rail on ground assembled, it is assembled after the completion of in integral hoisting to starting well, after accurate adjustment is in place, guide rail bottom with Node shaft bottom plate is stably connected with;
(5) top force system system support frame assembly is carried out on ground, after the completion of assembly in integral hoisting to starting well, after accurate adjustment is in place, Top force system system support frame bottom is stably connected with node shaft bottom plate;
(6) installation top force system is united to top force system system support frame;
(7) bottom plate is coated on the outside of stringer in piping lane and smears drag reducer in its top surface, before pushing tow T divide chamber structure with it is small Drag reduction plate is placed at the sliding surface of stringer contact;
(8) lifting segment is fallen T and is divided on chamber structure to guide rail;
(9) the lifting power transmission beam of falling T is placed on top force system system and T divides between chamber structure;
(10) top force system system is opened, merogenesis falls T and divides chamber structure in place one by one;
(11) divide the cementation of fissures at chamber structure and piping lane gap, leveling in T, completion divides chamber structure pushing tow.
8. the pushing method of the tunneling boring pushing tow system according to claim 7 for dividing chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery, It is characterized in that, the prefabricated T that falls divides the section width of chamber structure 2~5cm smaller than piping lane inner cross-sectional width in step (2).
CN201611170327.9A 2016-12-16 2016-12-16 Divide the tunneling boring pushing tow system and pushing method of chamber structure for tunneling pipe gallery Active CN106761806B (en)

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