CN106759073B - Single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system and method - Google Patents

Single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106759073B
CN106759073B CN201611236843.7A CN201611236843A CN106759073B CN 106759073 B CN106759073 B CN 106759073B CN 201611236843 A CN201611236843 A CN 201611236843A CN 106759073 B CN106759073 B CN 106759073B
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China
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waterwall
water
water inlet
clarifier
tank
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CN106759073A (en
Inventor
顾正华
潘海静
李云
丁昊
范子武
廖轶鹏
周欣
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F7/00Aeration of stretches of water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/02Stream regulation, e.g. breaking up subaqueous rock, cleaning the beds of waterways, directing the water flow
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/10Dams; Dykes; Sluice ways or other structures for dykes, dams, or the like
    • E02B3/102Permanently installed raisable dykes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F5/00Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes
    • E02F5/28Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes for cleaning watercourses or other ways
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/001Runoff or storm water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/009Apparatus with independent power supply, e.g. solar cells, windpower, fuel cells
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/40Liquid flow rate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system and methods.Under water body power provided by kinetic pump effect in water inlet section, eminence is promoted to project by outlet pipe, first carry out coming into full contact with aeration with air, ecological purification is carried out by wetland or the combination of biological floating bed or the two again, it flows back into and is administered in the other end of section then along bank open channel, to form plane circulation, so that the mobility in river is enhanced, the dissolved oxygen content and environmental capacity of water in river are improved;The flow velocity in river is controlled by flow control valve, the electric power of kinetic pump and removable removing sludge is by solar panel, wind-driven generator and power autonomous offer complementary under the control of power distribution unit, the pollutants such as the mud of bottom of pond portion are purified by moving removing sludge periodic cleaning, to promote the water quality in river.Economic and social benefit of the present invention is significant, High-speed Urbanization and the energy, water environment crisis background under great research promotion value.

Description

Single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to water environment treatment field, in particular to a kind of single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system and side Method.
Background technique
Water environment is the important component of natural ecological environment, but along with industrial and agricultural development and urbanization process plus Fastly, water environment degradation has become undisputable fact.Governments at all levels and its related functional department have also improved water environment and repaired It has been included in agenda again, and has constantly explored the good recipe that improvement water environment especially repairs water environment of city river in practice. Plains region topography is low flat, and river water body poor fluidity, self-purification capacity is weak, stagnant water easy to form, for a long time, can be to locality Water ecological environment, the livable adaptability of resident, industrial and agricultural development etc. cause negative effect very serious.How plains region is improved The situation of river and lake water quality, at present using it is more be clean water diversion method, it is a kind of physical method of water remediation, be Conditional place achievees the purpose that improve water environment by the water body of introducing relative clean.Current this method is at home and abroad There is more successful example, such as drawing for the Holland lake Veluwemeetr changes Hydraulic Projects, and domestic Pudong's network of waterways water diversion project draws river Ji too engineering, XuanWu Lake diversion works, West Lake diversion works etc. all achieves certain effect.But if water transfer measure does not conform to Reason, clean water diversion are more likely to produce certain negative effect, and build high with operating cost.Therefore, there is an urgent need to find More, economical and practical river water environment treatment technology, wherein for the water for being not easy closed single river channel and the river that breaks end Environmental improvement needs effective Treatment process.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system And method.
Single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system, including single river channel and biological floating bed and wetland integrated mode, Any form in single river channel and biological floating bed integrated mode and single river channel and the integrated mode of wetland;Single river channel and life State floating bed and the integrated mode of wetland include: upstream waterwall, intermediate waterwall, downstream waterwall, kinetic pump, water inlet pipe, stream Control valve, outlet pipe, wetland, clarifier-tank water inlet, biological floating bed, open channel water inlet, open channel water outlet, removable removing sludge With dredging pipeline;Upstream waterwall, intermediate waterwall and downstream waterwall are respectively set between upper reach and lower reache, It is formed between upstream waterwall and intermediate waterwall and administers section, form clarifier-tank between intermediate waterwall and downstream waterwall; Water inlet pipe is equipped in section administering, water inlet pipe connects kinetic pump, and is connected by flow control valve with outlet pipe, outlet pipe Jet stream flows into clarifier-tank by clarifier-tank water inlet again after one or more wetlands, several ecologies are provided in clarifier-tank Floating bed;Purified water body enters open channel open channel water inlet in the form of overflow, and is flow back into and controlled by open channel water outlet It manages in section;Single river channel and biological floating bed integrated mode include: upstream waterwall, intermediate waterwall, downstream waterwall, move Power pump, water inlet pipe, flow control valve, outlet pipe, biological floating bed, open channel water inlet, open channel water outlet, removable removing sludge and clear Silt pipeline;Upstream waterwall, intermediate waterwall and downstream waterwall, upstream are respectively set between upper reach and lower reache It is formed between waterwall and intermediate waterwall and administers section, form clarifier-tank between intermediate waterwall and downstream waterwall;It is controlling It manages and is equipped with water inlet pipe in section, water inlet pipe connects kinetic pump, and is connected by flow control valve with outlet pipe, the jet stream of outlet pipe Into clarifier-tank, it is biological floating bed that several are provided in clarifier-tank;Purified water body is by open channel water inlet with overflow Form enters open channel, and is flow back into and administered in section by open channel water outlet;On single river channel and the integrated mode of wetland include: Trip waterwall, intermediate waterwall, downstream waterwall, kinetic pump, water inlet pipe, flow control valve, outlet pipe, wetland, clarifier-tank enter The mouth of a river, open channel water inlet, open channel water outlet, removable removing sludge and dredging pipeline;Divide between upper reach and lower reache Not She Zhi upstream waterwall, intermediate waterwall and downstream waterwall, formed between upstream waterwall and intermediate waterwall and administer river Section, forms clarifier-tank between intermediate waterwall and downstream waterwall;Water inlet pipe is equipped in section administering, water inlet pipe connects power Pump, and be connected by flow control valve with outlet pipe, the jet stream of outlet pipe is by one or more wetland purifications, then by net Change pond water inlet and flow into clarifier-tank, then open channel is entered in the form of overflow open channel water inlet, and pass through open channel water outlet stream It is back to and administers in section.
Preferably, further including solar panel, wind-driven generator, power transmission line, power distribution unit and power autonomous, the sun Can solar panel and wind-driven generator be arranged on pumping plant house face, solar panel, wind-driven generator and power autonomous pass through Power transmission line is connected by power distribution unit with kinetic pump and removable removing sludge.
Preferably, water inlet pipe described in part, outlet pipe, flow control valve described in part, kinetic pump and distribution list Member is arranged in pumping plant room.
Preferably, the upstream waterwall, intermediate waterwall and downstream waterwall use rubber dam, China's railway industry, fold Liangmen or existing check gate;The improvement section is formed with upstream waterwall and intermediate propping completely for waterwall, with Upstream waterwall and intermediate waterwall put down and restore completely;The clarifier-tank is with intermediate waterwall and downstream water blocking Wall is propped completely and is formed, putting down and disappear completely with intermediate waterwall and downstream waterwall.
Preferably, removable removing sludge and dredging Pipe installing are powered in clarifier-tank, and using power distribution unit, reach The purpose of regular dredging.
A kind of single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment method using the system, specifically: it is single when needing to carry out When river water environment treatment, upstream waterwall and intermediate waterwall are propped completely, are formed and are administered section, intermediate waterwall and downstream Waterwall is propped completely, forms clarifier-tank, is administered under water power provided by kinetic pump effect of section one end, by water inlet Ecological purification is carried out after pipe and outlet pipe, after the water level of clarifier-tank exceeds the bottom elevation of open channel water inlet, purified water body It can be flow back into and be administered in the other end of section by open channel water outlet along open channel, so that plane circulation is formed, so that the stream in river Dynamic property is enhanced, and the dissolved oxygen content and environmental capacity of water in river are improved;Meanwhile the part to precipitate in clarifier-tank Polluter is discharged by moving the regular dredging of removing sludge, and using dredging pipeline, achievees the purpose that remove polluter, from And promote the water quality in river;After water quality of river improves to a certain extent, put down completely upstream waterwall, intermediate waterwall and under Waterwall is swum, restores former river, avoids causing river ecosystem and shipping big influence.
Preferably, the flow of the water flow is controlled by flow control valve, the electric power of kinetic pump and removable removing sludge By solar panel, wind-driven generator and power autonomous offer complementary under the control of power distribution unit.
Preferably, water outlet pipe end is discharged using mode of jet, water body and the air of injection are come into full contact with, are exposed Gas, thus some polluters in the water that volatilizees, and increase considerably content of oxygen dissolved in water.
Preferably, the water body that outlet pipe projects is set through over-wet land, biological floating bed or other kinds of purifying water process After applying and combinations thereof purification, open channel is flowed by clarifier-tank.
The present invention is formed respectively and is controlled by the way that upstream waterwall, intermediate waterwall and downstream waterwall are arranged on river Section and clarifier-tank are managed, contaminated river is administered.The present invention is low with operating cost, structure is simple, investment is saved, behaviour Make the advantages that convenient, economic and social benefit is significant, High-speed Urbanization and the energy, water environment crisis background under it is great Research promotion value, it can effectively improve the water quality of river of network of waterways complex area, improve water volume flow rate, increase river water environmental Capacity, and river ecological and shipping are influenced small.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is single river channel and biological floating bed and wetland integrated mode schematic elevation view;
Fig. 2 is single river channel and biological floating bed and wetland integrated mode floor map;
Fig. 3 is single river channel and biological floating bed integrated mode schematic elevation view;
Fig. 4 is single river channel and biological floating bed integrated mode floor map;
Fig. 5 is the integrated mode schematic elevation view of single river channel and wetland;
Fig. 6 is the integrated mode floor map of single river channel and wetland.
Appended drawing reference is respectively as follows: upper reach 1, lower reache 2, upstream waterwall 3, intermediate waterwall 4, controls in Fig. 1~6 Manage section 5, downstream waterwall 6, clarifier-tank 7, pumping plant room 8, kinetic pump 9, water inlet pipe 10, flow control valve 11, outlet pipe 12, pump Station roofing 13, solar panel 14, wind-driven generator 15, power transmission line 16, power distribution unit 17, power autonomous 18, wetland 19, Clarifier-tank water inlet 20, biological floating bed 21, open channel water inlet 22, open channel 23, open channel water outlet 24, removable removing sludge 25 and clear Silt pipeline 26.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further elaborated and is illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.Each implementation in the present invention The technical characteristic of mode can carry out the corresponding combination under the premise of not conflicting with each other.
In the present invention the basic implementation of single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system include: waterwall, kinetic pump, Water inlet pipe, flow control valve, outlet pipe, removable removing sludge and dredging pipeline;Between upper reach and lower reache respectively Several waterwalls are set, are formed between waterwall one or more for reservoir or water storage section;In upper reach be equipped with into Water pipe, water inlet pipe connects kinetic pump, and is connected by flow control valve with outlet pipe, the water that outlet pipe will be extracted from upper reach Body injects in the pond, then by purification flow directly into or circulating purification after flow into lower reache, water body contains in flooding process Oxygen amount gets a promotion, and pollutant is removed.
Several modes for being combined above system and other water purification systems are provided below, apply it preferably In actual river regulation.There are three types of implementation pattern, single river channel and biological floating bed and wetland integrated modes, list for the system The integrated mode in one river and biological floating bed integrated mode and single river channel and wetland, when practical application, can be according to rivers The conditions such as water quality situation and local landform, the hydrology select suitable mode.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the single river channel in single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system and biological floating bed and wetland Integrated mode, including upstream waterwall 3, intermediate waterwall 4, downstream waterwall 6, kinetic pump 9, water inlet pipe 10, flow control It is valve 11, outlet pipe 12, wetland 19, clarifier-tank water inlet 20, biological floating bed 21, open channel water inlet 22, open channel water outlet 24, removable Dynamic removing sludge 25 and dredging pipeline 26;Upstream waterwall 3, intermediate water blocking are respectively set between upper reach 1 and lower reache 2 Wall 4 and downstream waterwall 6 form between upstream waterwall 3 and intermediate waterwall 4 and administer section 5, intermediate waterwall 4 and downstream Clarifier-tank 7 is formed between waterwall 6;Water inlet pipe 10 is equipped in section 5 administering, water inlet pipe 10 connects kinetic pump 9, and through overcurrent Control valve 11 is connected with outlet pipe 12, and the jet stream of outlet pipe 12 is flowed into only by clarifier-tank water inlet 20 again through the purification of over-wet land 19 Change pond 7, is purified again in clarifier-tank 7 by biological floating bed 21;Purified water body is by open channel water inlet 22 with overflow Form enters open channel 23, and is flow back into and administered in section 5 by open channel water outlet 24.
As shown in Figure 3,4, single river channel and biological floating bed integrated mode include upstream waterwall 3, intermediate waterwall 4, It is downstream waterwall 6, kinetic pump 9, water inlet pipe 10, flow control valve 11, outlet pipe 12, biological floating bed 21, open channel water inlet 22, bright Canal water outlet 24, removable removing sludge 25 and dredging pipeline 26;Upstream is respectively set between upper reach 1 and lower reache 2 Waterwall 3, intermediate waterwall 4 and downstream waterwall 6, form between upstream waterwall 3 and intermediate waterwall 4 and administer section 5, in Between between waterwall 4 and downstream waterwall 6 formed clarifier-tank 7;Water inlet pipe 10 is equipped in section 5 administering, water inlet pipe 10 connects Kinetic pump 9, and be connected by flow control valve 11 with outlet pipe 12, the jet stream of outlet pipe 12 enters clarifier-tank 7, in clarifier-tank 7 In purify by biological floating bed 21;Purified water body enters open channel 23 open channel water inlet 22 in the form of overflow, and leads to Open channel water outlet 24 is crossed to flow back into improvement section 5.
As shown in Figure 5,6, single river channel and the integrated mode of wetland include upstream waterwall 3, intermediate waterwall 4, downstream Waterwall 6, kinetic pump 9, water inlet pipe 10, flow control valve 11, outlet pipe 12, wetland 19, clarifier-tank water inlet 20, open channel water inlet Mouth 22, open channel water outlet 24, removable removing sludge 25 and dredging pipeline 26;It is set respectively between upper reach 1 and lower reache 2 Upstream waterwall 3, intermediate waterwall 4 and downstream waterwall 6 are set, is formed between upstream waterwall 3 and intermediate waterwall 4 and administers river Section 5 forms clarifier-tank 7 between intermediate waterwall 4 and downstream waterwall 6;Water inlet pipe 10, water inlet pipe are equipped in section 5 administering 10 connection kinetic pumps 9, and be connected by flow control valve 11 with outlet pipe 12, the jet stream of outlet pipe 12 is purified through over-wet land 19, Then clarifier-tank 7 is flowed by clarifier-tank water inlet 20, then open channel 23 is entered in the form of overflow open channel water inlet 22, and It is flow back into and is administered in section 5 by open channel water outlet 24.
Single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system further include: solar panel 14, wind-driven generator 15, power transmission line 16, power distribution unit 17 and power autonomous 18, solar panel 14 and wind-driven generator 15 are arranged on pumping plant house face 13, too Positive energy solar panel 14, wind-driven generator 15 and power autonomous 18 pass through power distribution unit 17 and kinetic pump 9 by power transmission line 16 and can Mobile removing sludge 25 is connected.Outlet pipe 12 described in water inlet pipe 10, part described in part, flow control valve 11,9 and of kinetic pump Power distribution unit 17 is arranged in pumping plant room 8.The upstream waterwall 3, intermediate waterwall 4 and downstream waterwall 6 by rubber dam, China's railway industry or Stoplog gate are constituted, and can also be replaced with existing check gate adaptation to local conditions;The improvement section 5 is with upstream water blocking Wall 3 is propped completely and is formed with intermediate waterwall 4, extensive with upstream waterwall 3 and intermediate putting down completely for waterwall 4 It is multiple;The clarifier-tank 7 is propped completely and is formed with intermediate waterwall 4 and downstream waterwall 6, with intermediate waterwall 4 It puts down and disappears completely with downstream waterwall 6.Removable removing sludge 25 is mounted in clarifier-tank 7 with dredging pipeline 26, and benefit It is powered with power distribution unit 17, achievees the purpose that regular dredging.
Single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment method is: when needing to carry out single river channel water environment treatment, upstream gear Waterwall 3 and intermediate waterwall 4 are propped completely, are formed and are administered section 5, intermediate waterwall 4 and downstream waterwall 6 are propped completely, shape At clarifier-tank 7, administer under water power provided by kinetic pump 9 effect of 5 one end of section, by water inlet pipe 10 and outlet pipe 12 After carry out ecological purification, when clarifier-tank 7 water level exceed open channel water inlet 22 bottom elevation after, purified water body can be along bright Canal 23 is flow back by open channel water outlet 24 and is administered in 5 other end of section, so that plane circulation is formed, so that the mobility in river Enhanced, the dissolved oxygen content and environmental capacity of water in river are improved;Meanwhile the part to precipitate in clarifier-tank 7 is dirty It contaminates substance to be discharged by moving the regular dredging of removing sludge 25, and using dredging pipeline 26, achievees the purpose that remove polluter, To promote the water quality in river;After water quality of river improves to a certain extent, upstream waterwall 3, intermediate waterwall 4 are put down completely With downstream waterwall 6, restores former river, avoid causing river ecosystem and shipping big influence.The stream of the water flow Amount is controlled by flow control valve 11, and the electric power of kinetic pump 9 and removable removing sludge 25 is by solar panel 14, wind-driven generator The 15 and power autonomous 18 complementary offers under the control of power distribution unit 17.Outlet pipe 12 exports adjustable angle, makes the water projected Body can be come into full contact with air, is aerated, thus some polluters in the water that volatilizees, and increase considerably in water and dissolve Oxygen content.The water body that outlet pipe 12 projects through over-wet land 19, biological floating bed 21 or other kinds of purifying water process facility and After a combination thereof purification, open channel 23 is flowed by clarifier-tank 7.
The present invention is directed to the single river channel for needing to be promoted water quality, moves towards to build respectively in upstream and downstream appropriate location according to water flow The rubber dam or China's railway industry or Stoplog gate for constituting 3 waterwalls are not required at downstream if river formation beheaded river closed at one end Waterwall is separately set again, these waterwalls may be by existing check gate adaptation to local conditions and replace, river side on the bank or Cross a river stream builds pumping plant, installation water inlet pipe, flow control valve, outlet pipe etc., is laid with solar battery on the roofing in pumping plant room Plate and installation wind-driven generator, install power distribution unit in pumping plant room, connect power transmission line, and the processing of water quality of river ecological purification includes Outlet pipe is connected in wetland installed in clarifier-tank again it is biological floating bed, either only be arranged wetland or biological floating bed, wetland Not only can be natural bioremediation or artificial swamp can also arrange 2 or more according to scale, between connected with transition open channel It connects, forms single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system.When need to carry out single river channel water quality promoted when, upstream waterwall and Intermediate waterwall is propped completely, is formed and is administered section, and intermediate waterwall and downstream waterwall are propped completely, is formed clarifier-tank, is opened Startup power pump and flow control valve adjust flow control valve and make water flow size suitable, so that acquisition of harnessing a river Metastable hydrodynamic environment is joined according to the operation that river water environmental management goal sets single river channel water quality lifting system Number, can use biological floating bed technology or wetland purification function achievees the purpose that water treatment, and utilize removable removing sludge Regular dredging is carried out to the pollutant of purification bottom of pond portion, is drained with dredging pipeline, it, can after water quality of river improves to a certain extent To close single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system as needed, waterwall is put down completely, is restored former river, is avoided to river The stream ecosystem and shipping cause big influence.
The present invention is not only suitable for single river, is also applied for beheaded river.Wetland of the invention either natural bioremediation, It can be artificial swamp, wetland and biological floating bed can also be replaced with other kinds of purifying water process facility.The present invention can be with Single river channel water environment is significantly improved under the premise of low cost, improves river flow, increases river water environmental capacity, is generated huge Big economic and social benefits.
Above-mentioned embodiment is only a preferred solution of the present invention, so it is not intended to limiting the invention.Have The those of ordinary skill for closing technical field can also make various changes without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention Change and modification.For example, in the place for being inconvenient to open up open channel, with the mode of aqueduct substitution open channel it will be also be appreciated that the present invention Protection scope within.Therefore all mode technical solutions obtained for taking equivalent substitution or equivalent transformation, all fall within this hair In bright protection scope.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system, which is characterized in that including single river channel with it is biological floating bed and wet Any shape in integrated mode, single river channel and the biological floating bed integrated mode and single river channel and the integrated mode of wetland on ground Formula;Single river channel and biological floating bed and wetland integrated mode include: upstream waterwall (3), intermediate waterwall (4), downstream gear Waterwall (6), kinetic pump (9), water inlet pipe (10), flow control valve (11), outlet pipe (12), wetland (19), clarifier-tank water inlet (20), biological floating bed (21), open channel water inlet (22), open channel water outlet (24), removable removing sludge (25) and dredging pipeline (26);Upstream waterwall (3), intermediate waterwall (4) and downstream are respectively set between upper reach (1) and lower reache (2) Waterwall (6) forms between upstream waterwall (3) and intermediate waterwall (4) and administers section (5), intermediate waterwall (4) and downstream Clarifier-tank (7) are formed between waterwall (6);It is inner equipped with water inlet pipe (10), water inlet pipe (10) connection kinetic pump administering section (5) (9), and by flow control valve (11) it is connected with outlet pipe (12), the jet stream of outlet pipe (12) is by one or more wetlands (19) clarifier-tank (7) are flowed by clarifier-tank water inlet (20) again after, inner to be provided with several biological floating bed in clarifier-tank (7) (21);Purified water body is entered open channel (23) open channel water inlet (22) in the form of overflow, and passes through open channel water outlet (24) it flows back into and administers in section (5);Single river channel and biological floating bed integrated mode include: upstream waterwall (3), middle apron It is waterwall (4), downstream waterwall (6), kinetic pump (9), water inlet pipe (10), flow control valve (11), outlet pipe (12), biological floating bed (21), open channel water inlet (22), open channel water outlet (24), removable removing sludge (25) and dredging pipeline (26);In upper reach (1) upstream waterwall (3), intermediate waterwall (4) and downstream waterwall (6), upstream gear are respectively set between lower reache (2) It is formed between waterwall (3) and intermediate waterwall (4) and administers section (5), shape between intermediate waterwall (4) and downstream waterwall (6) At clarifier-tank (7);Inner equipped with water inlet pipe (10) in improvement section (5), water inlet pipe (10) connects kinetic pump (9), and through inflow-rate of water turbine Control valve (11) is connected with outlet pipe (12), and the jet stream of outlet pipe (12) enters clarifier-tank (7), is provided with clarifier-tank (7) is inner Several biological floating bed (21);Purified water body is entered open channel (23) open channel water inlet (22) in the form of overflow, and It is flow back into and is administered in section (5) by open channel water outlet (24);Single river channel and the integrated mode of wetland include: upstream waterwall (3), intermediate waterwall (4), downstream waterwall (6), kinetic pump (9), water inlet pipe (10), flow control valve (11), outlet pipe (12), wetland (19), clarifier-tank water inlet (20), open channel water inlet (22), open channel water outlet (24), removable removing sludge (25) With dredging pipeline (26);Upstream waterwall (3), intermediate waterwall are respectively set between upper reach (1) and lower reache (2) (4) and downstream waterwall (6) it, is formed between upstream waterwall (3) and intermediate waterwall (4) and administers section (5), intermediate waterwall (4) clarifier-tank (7) are formed between downstream waterwall (6);It is inner equipped with water inlet pipe (10), water inlet pipe (10) administering section (5) Connect kinetic pump (9), and be connected with outlet pipe (12) by flow control valve (11), the jet stream of outlet pipe (12) pass through one or The purification of multiple wetlands (19), then flows into clarifier-tank (7) by clarifier-tank water inlet (20), then by open channel water inlet (22) with The form of overflow enters open channel (23), and is flow back into and administered in section (5) by open channel water outlet (24).
2. single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that further include solar-electricity Pond plate (14), wind-driven generator (15), power transmission line (16), power distribution unit (17) and power autonomous (18), solar panel (14) be arranged on pumping plant house face (13) with wind-driven generator (15), solar panel (14), wind-driven generator (15) and Power autonomous (18) are connected by power distribution unit (17) with kinetic pump (9) and removable removing sludge (25) by power transmission line (16).
3. single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that water inlet described in part Outlet pipe (12), flow control valve (11), kinetic pump (9) and power distribution unit (17) described in pipe (10), part are arranged in pumping plant In room (8).
4. single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the upstream water blocking Wall (3), intermediate waterwall (4) and downstream waterwall (6) use rubber dam, China's railway industry, Stoplog gate or existing check gate;Described Section (5) propping and formed completely with upstream waterwall (3) and centre waterwall (4) is administered, with upstream waterwall (3) It puts down and restores completely with intermediate waterwall (4);The clarifier-tank (7) is with intermediate waterwall (4) and downstream waterwall (6) prop and formed completely, putting down and disappear completely with intermediate waterwall (4) and downstream waterwall (6).
5. single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that removable removing sludge (25) it is mounted in clarifier-tank (7) with dredging pipeline (26), and is powered using power distribution unit (17), reach the mesh of regular dredging 's.
6. a kind of single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment method using system described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: when need When carrying out single river channel water environment treatment, upstream waterwall (3) and intermediate waterwall (4) are propped completely, are formed and administer section (5), intermediate waterwall (4) and downstream waterwall (6) are propped completely, are formed clarifier-tank (7), and the water for administering section (5) one end exists Under the effect of power provided by kinetic pump (9), ecological purification is carried out after water inlet pipe (10) and outlet pipe (12), works as clarifier-tank (7) after water level is beyond the bottom elevation of open channel water inlet (22), purified water body can be discharged along open channel (23) by open channel Mouth (24), which is flow back into, to be administered in section (5) other end, so that plane circulation is formed, so that the mobility in river is enhanced, and river The dissolved oxygen content and environmental capacity of water of stream are improved;Meanwhile the partial contamination substance to precipitate in clarifier-tank (7) passes through Removable removing sludge (25) regular dredging, and be discharged using dredging pipeline (26), achieve the purpose that remove polluter, to mention Rise the water quality in river;After water quality of river improves to a certain extent, put down completely upstream waterwall (3), intermediate waterwall (4) and Downstream waterwall (6) restores former river, avoids causing river ecosystem and shipping big influence.
7. single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment method as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the flow of water flow is by flowing The electric power of control valve (11) control, kinetic pump (9) and removable removing sludge (25) is by solar panel (14), wind-power electricity generation Machine (15) and power autonomous (18) complementary offer under the control of power distribution unit (17).
8. single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment method as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that outlet pipe (12) end It is discharged using mode of jet, water body and the air of injection are come into full contact with, are aerated, thus some pollutants in the water that volatilizees Matter, and increase considerably content of oxygen dissolved in water.
9. single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment method as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that outlet pipe (12) projects Water body after the purification of over-wet land (19), biological floating bed (21) or other kinds of purifying water process facility and combinations thereof, warp It crosses clarifier-tank (7) and flows into open channel (23).
CN201611236843.7A 2016-06-21 2016-12-28 Single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system and method Active CN106759073B (en)

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CN201611235899.0A Active CN106630165B (en) 2016-06-21 2016-12-28 Closed loop river water environment treatment system and method
CN201621455942.XU Active CN206352078U (en) 2016-06-21 2016-12-28 A kind of closed loop river course water environment treatment system
CN201621455885.5U Withdrawn - After Issue CN206495183U (en) 2016-06-21 2016-12-28 A kind of single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system
CN201611236828.2A Active CN107059765B (en) 2016-06-21 2016-12-28 Overflow formula water environment treatment system and method in single river channel
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CN201611235899.0A Active CN106630165B (en) 2016-06-21 2016-12-28 Closed loop river water environment treatment system and method
CN201621455942.XU Active CN206352078U (en) 2016-06-21 2016-12-28 A kind of closed loop river course water environment treatment system
CN201621455885.5U Withdrawn - After Issue CN206495183U (en) 2016-06-21 2016-12-28 A kind of single river channel Overspill type water environment treatment system
CN201611236828.2A Active CN107059765B (en) 2016-06-21 2016-12-28 Overflow formula water environment treatment system and method in single river channel

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