CN106723312B - A kind of composition and the method for preparing tobacco extract using the composition - Google Patents

A kind of composition and the method for preparing tobacco extract using the composition Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106723312B
CN106723312B CN201611213719.9A CN201611213719A CN106723312B CN 106723312 B CN106723312 B CN 106723312B CN 201611213719 A CN201611213719 A CN 201611213719A CN 106723312 B CN106723312 B CN 106723312B
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China
Prior art keywords
tobacco
alcohol
composition
tobacco extract
weight ratio
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CN201611213719.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106723312A (en
Inventor
李易非
李跃锋
林凯
鹿洪亮
李华杰
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福建中烟工业有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201611213719.9A priority Critical patent/CN106723312B/en
Publication of CN106723312A publication Critical patent/CN106723312A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes, e.g. in liquid form
    • A24B15/18Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/24Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by extraction; Tobacco extracts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B3/00Preparing tobacco in the factory
    • A24B3/12Steaming, curing, or flavouring tobacco
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING (PRESSING, EXTRACTION), REFINING AND PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES (e.g. LANOLIN), FATTY OILS AND WAXES, INCLUDING EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B9/00Essential oils; Perfumes

Abstract

A kind of method that tobacco extract is prepared the present invention relates to composition and using the composition.The weight ratio of the composition, including perilla alcohol and anise alcohol, perilla alcohol and anise alcohol is 20~70:30~80.Tobacco extract is extracted from tobacco using above-mentioned composition, and gained tobacco extract is used for cigarette, can effectively be promoted aroma quality, perfume quantity and/or the harmony of cigarette, be reduced the irritation and/or withered and burnt smell of cigarette, improve Sensory Quality of Cigarette.

Description

A kind of composition and the method for preparing tobacco extract using the composition

Technical field

The invention belongs to Field of Tobacco, and in particular to a kind of composition and the side that tobacco extract is prepared using the composition Method.

Background technology

Reconstituted tobacco is one kind raw material based on the tobacco materials such as crumbled tobacco, offal, offal, by reconfiguring processing Made of product, also referred to as reconstituted tobacoo.

Paper process is to prepare the mainstream production technology of reconstituted tobacco at present comprising five main workshop sections:Extract section, slurrying Section, section of manufacturing paper with pulp, coating section and baking segment.One typical manufacturing process includes:It is carried out after tobacco material is added water retting first Compression, the hydrotrope in tobacco is detached with insoluble matter (fiber etc.).Then the insoluble matters such as baccy fiber are dispersed in water it Fiber chip base is made by paper machine.Again by the above-mentioned hydrotrope it is concentrated after be coated in chip base, be after dry paper process again Make tobacco leaf.

The hydrotrope generally use Hot water extraction of tobacco is prepared, the method technological process is simple, and cost is relatively low.However, In order to obtain the reconstituted tobacco of high quality, the prior art also needs to preferably prepare the method for tobacco extract and better cigarette Careless extract.

Invention content

Inventor has found, is extracted, can be effectively extracted to tobacco using the aqueous solution containing perilla alcohol and anise alcohol A variety of aroma components in tobacco, gained tobacco extract are used for cigarette, are capable of providing the aesthetic quality of cigarette.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of composition, further object of the present invention is to provide above-mentioned composition Purposes, further object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of tobacco extract, and further object of the present invention is A kind of tobacco extract is provided, further object of the present invention is to provide the purposes of above-mentioned tobacco extract.

First aspect present invention provides a kind of composition, including perilla alcohol and anise alcohol,

The weight ratio of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol is 20~70:30~80;

Preferably, the weight ratio of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol is 30~60:40~70;

Preferably, the weight ratio of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol is 40~50:50~60;

Preferably, the weight ratio of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol is 40~45:55~60.

In one embodiment, the composition of any one of present invention, further includes water.

In one embodiment, the composition of any one of present invention, the weight of the total weight and water of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol Amount is than being 1~38:106, preferably 1~15:106, more preferable 1~6:106

In one embodiment, use of the composition of any one of present invention for extracting tobacco extract from tobacco On the way.

Second aspect of the present invention provides a kind of preparation method of tobacco extract, includes the following steps:

Tobacco extract is extracted from tobacco using any one of them composition of the present invention.

In one embodiment, the method for any one of present invention, includes the following steps:

Tobacco is extracted using the aqueous solution containing composition any one of of the invention.

Preferably, the sum of the concentration of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol in the aqueous solution is 1~38mg/L, preferably 1~15mg/ L, more preferable 1~6mg/L, more preferable 1~4mg/L.

In one embodiment, the method for any one of present invention, the temperature of extraction are 80~90 DEG C, such as 70~80 ℃。

In one embodiment, the method for any one of present invention, time of extraction are 20~60min, such as 30~ 40min。

In one embodiment, the weight ratio of the method for any one of present invention, tobacco and the aqueous solution is 1:30~ 70, such as 1:50~60.

In one embodiment, the method for any one of present invention, it is further comprising the steps of:It is water-soluble after concentration extraction Liquid collects steaming excess.

In one embodiment, the method for any one of present invention, the concentration are to be concentrated under reduced pressure;

Preferably, the vacuum degree of reduced pressure is 100~400mbar, such as 200~300mbar;

Preferably, 60~80 DEG C of the temperature of reduced pressure, such as 70 DEG C;

Preferably, the concentration volume ratio of reduced pressure is 6~8:1.

In one embodiment, it is concentrated under reduced pressure using Rotary Evaporators.

Preferably, the rotating speed of Rotary Evaporators is 80~130r/min, more preferably 100~120r/min.

In one embodiment, the method for any one of present invention, including following one or multi-step:

A) tobacco leaf is extracted with the aqueous solution containing perilla alcohol and anise alcohol, it is water-soluble described in 300~700ml per 10g tobacco leaves Liquid extracts, and extraction temperature is 60~80 DEG C, and extraction time is 20~40min, is filtered after extraction, collects filtrate;

B) liquid after extraction is concentrated under reduced pressure, the vacuum degree of reduced pressure is 100~400mbar, and temperature is 60~80 DEG C, Cocnentration factor is 6~8:1, collect steaming excess.

In one embodiment, the method for any one of present invention, the tobacco are tobacco leaf.

Third aspect present invention provides a kind of tobacco extract, is made by method any one of of the invention;

Preferably, in the tobacco extract, the weight ratio of lactone chemical composition and anhydride chemical composition is 60~ 70:30~40;More preferably 63~67:33~37;

Preferably, in the tobacco extract, dihydroactinidiolide, ambreinolide, dimethyl maleic anhydride and amber The weight ratio of amber acid anhydrides is 16~42:20~48:25~57:2~10, more preferably 23~27:33~36:34.5~39.5: 3.5~4.2.

Fourth aspect present invention provides the tobacco extract of any one of present invention for the use for cigarette or electronic cigarette flavoring On the way.

Fifth aspect present invention provides use of the tobacco extract as reconstituted tobacco chip base coating fluid of any one of present invention On the way.

The present composition it is each at belonging to YQ 52-2015《Tobacco product is permitted workable additive list》Allow The substance of addition meets industry relevant regulations.

In one embodiment, No. CAS of perilla alcohol is 536-59-4, and No. CAS of anise alcohol is 105-13-5.

Beneficial effects of the present invention

One or more embodiments of the present invention have following one or more advantageous effects:

1) composition of the invention from tobacco for extracting tobacco extract, to the extraction efficiency of aroma component in tobacco It is high;

2) composition of the invention is from tobacco for extracting tobacco extract, to lactone chemical composition in tobacco and/ Or the extraction efficiency of anhydride chemical composition is high;

3) composition of the invention imitates the extraction of liposoluble constituent in tobacco for extracting tobacco extract from tobacco Rate is high;

4) preparation method of tobacco extract of the invention is easy, at low cost;

5) composition of the invention from tobacco for extracting tobacco extract so that mainly caused in tobacco extract it is fragrant at Point ratio is optimized, and the ratio of two major classes chemical composition is optimized;

6) tobacco extract of the invention is applied to cigarette, and aesthetic quality when gained cigarette smoking is preferable.

Specific implementation mode

It will refer to specific embodiments of the present invention in detail now.Although describing this hair in conjunction with these specific embodiments It is bright, it is appreciated that being not intended to limit the invention to these specific embodiments.It can be wrapped on the contrary, these embodiments are intended to covering Include replacement, change or equivalent embodiments in the spirit and range being defined by the claims.In the following description, Elaborate a large amount of details in order to provide complete understanding of the present invention.The present invention can be partly or entirely these be specific It is carried out in the case of details.In other cases, it in order not to make the present invention unnecessarily obscure, is not described in well known Technological operation.

When in this specification and the appended claims " comprising " or similar language be used in combination when, singulative "the" Including plural reference, unless the context clearly dictates otherwise.Unless otherwise defined, all technologies used herein and section are academic Language has the normally understood identical meanings of general technical staff of the technical field of the invention.

In following embodiment, No. CAS of perilla alcohol is 536-59-4, and No. CAS of anise alcohol is 105-13-5.

Embodiment 1:

When embodiment 1 prepares tobacco extract, the composition used is the mixture of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol, wherein purple perilla The mass ratio of alcohol and anise alcohol is 40:60.

Specific the step of preparing tobacco extract, is as follows:

Weigh Dali C12F grade tobacco leaf 30.0g (oven dry weight).

1500ml water is added into tobacco leaf, 3mg above-mentioned compositions are also added in water.Above-mentioned tobacco leaf is being contained into composition Aqueous solution in extract, 70 DEG C, extraction time 30min of extraction temperature, magnetic agitation aqueous solution in leaching process, speed of agitator: 1000rpm/min.After extraction, filters and collect filtrate.Take 1200ml filtrate decompressions concentration (G3 Rotary Evaporators, Heidolph companies), the vacuum degree 250mbar of reduced pressure, temperature 70 C, rotating speed 110rpm/min, being concentrated into steaming excess is 200ml, collects steaming excess, this steaming excess is the tobacco extract of embodiment 1.

Embodiment 2

When embodiment 2 prepares tobacco extract, the composition used is the mixture of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol, wherein purple perilla The mass ratio of alcohol and anise alcohol is 24:76.

Specific the step of preparing tobacco extract, with embodiment 1, obtains the tobacco extract of embodiment 2.

Embodiment 3

When embodiment 3 prepares tobacco extract, the composition used is the mixture of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol, wherein purple perilla The mass ratio of alcohol and anise alcohol is 68:32.

Specific the step of preparing tobacco extract, with embodiment 1, obtains the tobacco extract of embodiment 3.

Embodiment 4

When embodiment 4 prepares tobacco extract, the composition used is the mixture of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol, wherein purple perilla The mass ratio of alcohol and anise alcohol is 50:50.

Specific the step of preparing tobacco extract, with embodiment 1, obtains the tobacco extract of embodiment 4.

Comparative example 1

Using art methods, with pure water preparation tobacco extract.

Weigh Dali C12F grade tobacco leaf 30.0g (oven dry weight).

1500ml water is added into tobacco leaf, does not add above-mentioned composition, other steps obtain comparative example 1 with embodiment 1 Tobacco extract.

Analysis detection 1:Sensory quality assessment

The tobacco extract of Example 1~4 and comparative example 1, respectively equivalent be applied on the cigarette paper of blank cigarette, apply The amount of smearing accounts for 2/10000ths of cigarette weight, and gained cigarette sample number consecutively is A~E.According to standard YC/T498-2014《Reconstruction Tobacco leaf (paper process) sensory evaluation method》Sample evaluation rule, aesthetic quality is carried out to cigarette A~E and is smoked panel test, as a result such as table 1 It is shown.

1 cigarette sample aesthetic quality's grade form of table

As shown in Table 1, the sense organ marking of cigarette E is 68.0 points, and the sense organ marking of cigarette A~D is 69.0~72.0 points.Tool Body, cigarette A~D is promoted in terms of perfume quantity and harmony, and cigarette A~C decreases in terms of irritation, cigarette A ~B decreases wherein in terms of aroma quality and withered and burnt smell, the marking highest of cigarette A, in aroma quality, perfume quantity and harmony It rises obviously, irritation and withered and burnt smell reduce significantly.Described above, the tobacco extract of Examples 1 to 4 is used for cigarette, Neng Gouyou Effect promotes aroma quality, perfume quantity and/or the harmony of cigarette, reduces the irritation and/or withered and burnt smell of cigarette, improves cigarette sense organ Quality.

Analysis detection 2:Gaschromatographic mass spectrometry detects

It is respectively caused in gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) further detection 1 two groups of tobacco extracts of embodiment 1 and comparative example Fragrant ingredient.

To meet detection sample requirement, the tobacco of embodiment 1 and comparative example 1 is extracted respectively with dichloromethane (polarity 3.4) Extract, add methylene chloride 200ml per 200ml tobacco extracts, extracts 3 times, merges and collects 3 extract liquor (dichloromethane Phase), 500ml is taken, is concentrated under reduced pressure (G3 Rotary Evaporators, Heidolph companies), 39 DEG C, vacuum degree 750mbar of thickening temperature, is turned After fast 110rpm/min, it is concentrated into 2.0ml, obtains detection sample.

Gaschromatographic mass spectrometry condition is as follows:Chromatographic column DB-5MS (30m × 0.25mm × 0.25 μm);Carrier gas He (99.999%);Flow velocity 1.0ml/min;290 DEG C of injector temperature;1.0 μ L of sample size;Sample introduction pattern is split sampling;Shunting Sample introduction is than 10:1;Temperature program is 45 DEG C (2min), and 5 DEG C/min rises to 200 DEG C, and 3 DEG C/min rises to 250 DEG C, and 5 DEG C/min rises to 300℃(10min);Ion source is electron bombardment (EI);Electron energy 70eV;250 DEG C of ion source temperature.Transmission line temperature 300 ℃;Analyzer is level four bars mass analyzer;Scan pattern is full scan;40~500amu of mass scan range;Solvent delay 4.5min。

According to gaschromatographic mass spectrometry testing result, analyzes and calculate tobacco extract obtained by every gram of tobacco leaf (oven dry weight) In several main aroma components mass content and ratio, as shown in table 2 below:

Table 2

As shown in table 2, compared to comparative example 1, main aroma component has increase in the leaf tobacco extract of embodiment 1.Example Such as, dihydroactinidiolide extraction efficiency increases by 425.9%, and ambreinolide extraction efficiency increases by 154.4%, dimethyl Malaysia Acid anhydrides extraction efficiency increases by 1225.3%, and succinic anhydride extraction efficiency increases by 204.0%.It follows that being extracted to tobacco leaf Using after the additive in journey, the extraction efficiency of main aroma component significantly improves.

In addition, for the normalization percentage of above-mentioned several main aroma components, embodiment 1 is compared with comparative example 1, dihydro The ratio of actinidia lactone and dimethyl maleic anhydride increases, and the ratio of ambreinolide and succinic anhydride decreases. It follows that the extraction for being not only increased main aroma component using tobacco extract prepared by present composition extraction is imitated Rate also optimizes the ratio of main aroma component, the tobacco extract be used for cigarette, can effectively be promoted cigarette aroma quality, Perfume quantity and/or harmony reduce the irritation and/or withered and burnt smell of cigarette, improve Sensory Quality of Cigarette.

Further, according to the detection data of gaschromatographic mass spectrometry, to each aroma component for detecting according to lactone and acid Two class chemical composition of anhydride carries out Classifying Sum, and specifically, lactone chemical composition includes dihydroactinidiolide, in ambergris Ester, scopoletin and gamma-butyrolacton;Anhydride chemical composition includes:Dimethyl maleic anhydride, succinic anhydride and phthalic acid Acid anhydride.

Two class chemical composition contents and ratio comparison are as shown in table 3 below in the tobacco extract of embodiment 1 and comparative example 1.

Table 3

As shown in table 3, in the tobacco extract of embodiment 1, lactone compound extraction efficiency increases in tobacco leaf 154.1%, anhydride compound extraction efficiency increases by 660.4%.From the foregoing, it will be observed that being carried using tobacco prepared by the present composition Take object, the content of lactone and anhydride two major classes chemical composition is significantly increased in product.

In addition, for the normalization percentage of above-mentioned two major classes chemical composition, embodiment 1 is compared with comparative example 1, lactone The ratio of compound decreases, and the ratio of anhydride compound increased.It follows that being extracted using the present composition The tobacco extract of preparation not only increases the extraction efficiency of two major classes chemical composition, also optimizes the ratio of two major classes chemical composition Example, the tobacco extract are used for cigarette, can effectively promote aroma quality, perfume quantity and/or the harmony of cigarette, reduce cigarette Irritation and/or withered and burnt smell improve Sensory Quality of Cigarette.

Include lipophilic group and hydrophily base in their chemical constitution for the composition that above-described embodiment uses Group, wherein lipophilic group can be combined with liposoluble constituent in tobacco leaf, and hydrophilic radical can be combined with water, and then form water packet The physical form of oil, makes liposoluble constituent in tobacco leaf be dissolved in water.Tobacco is extracted from tobacco using the composition of the present invention Extract can not only improve the extraction efficiency to effective aroma component and two major classes chemical composition in tobacco, additionally it is possible to excellent Change the ratio of effective aroma component and two major classes chemical composition.The tobacco extract is used for cigarette, can effectively promote cigarette Aroma quality, perfume quantity and harmony reduce the irritation and/or withered and burnt smell of cigarette, improve Sensory Quality of Cigarette.

Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical scheme of the present invention and are not intended to be limiting thereof;To the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to preferred embodiments for pipe, those of ordinary skills in the art should understand that:Still It can modify to the specific implementation mode of the present invention or equivalent replacement is carried out to some technical characteristics;Without departing from this hair The spirit of bright technical solution should all cover within the scope of the technical scheme claimed by the invention.

Claims (34)

1. a kind of composition for extracting tobacco extract from tobacco, including perilla alcohol, fennel alcohol and water,
The weight ratio of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol is 20~70:30~80;
The weight ratio of the total weight and water of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol is 1~38:106
2. the weight ratio of composition according to claim 1, perilla alcohol and anise alcohol is 30~60:40~70.
3. the weight ratio of composition according to claim 1, perilla alcohol and anise alcohol is 40~50:50~60.
4. the weight ratio of composition according to claim 1, perilla alcohol and anise alcohol is 40~45:55~60.
5. the total weight of composition according to claim 1, perilla alcohol and anise alcohol and the weight ratio of water are 1~15:106
6. the total weight of composition according to claim 1, perilla alcohol and anise alcohol and the weight ratio of water are 1~6:106
7. purposes of the claim 1~6 any one of them composition for extracting tobacco extract from tobacco.
8. a kind of preparation method of tobacco extract, includes the following steps:
Tobacco extract is extracted from tobacco using claim 1~7 any one of them composition.
9. according to the method described in claim 8, including the following steps:
Tobacco is extracted using the aqueous solution of the composition containing any one of claim 1~7.
10. according to the method described in claim 9, the sum of the concentration of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol in the aqueous solution be 1~ 38mg/L。
11. according to the method described in claim 9, the sum of the concentration of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol in the aqueous solution be 1~ 15mg/L。
12. according to the method described in claim 9, the sum of the concentration of perilla alcohol and anise alcohol in the aqueous solution be 1~ 6mg/L。
13. according to the method described in claim 9, the temperature of extraction is 80~90 DEG C.
14. according to the method described in claim 9, the temperature of extraction is 70~80 DEG C.
15. according to the method described in claim 9, the time of extraction is 20~60min.
16. according to the method described in claim 9, the time of extraction is 30~40min.
17. according to the method described in claim 9, the weight ratio of tobacco and the aqueous solution is 1:30~70.
18. according to the method described in claim 9, the weight ratio of tobacco and the aqueous solution is 1:50~60.
19. according to the method described in claim 9, further comprising the steps of:Aqueous solution after concentration extraction, collects steaming excess.
20. according to the method for claim 19, the concentration is to be concentrated under reduced pressure.
21. according to the method for claim 20, the vacuum degree of reduced pressure is 100~400mbar.
22. according to the method for claim 20, the vacuum degree of reduced pressure is 200~300mbar.
23. according to the method for claim 20, the temperature of reduced pressure is 60~80 DEG C.
24. according to the method for claim 20, the temperature of reduced pressure is 70 DEG C.
25. according to the method for claim 20, the concentration volume ratio of reduced pressure is 6~8:1.
26. according to claim 9~25 any one of them method, including following one or multi-step:
A) tobacco leaf is extracted with the aqueous solution containing perilla alcohol and anise alcohol, the aqueous solution described in 300~700ml soaks per 10g tobacco leaves It carries, extraction temperature is 60~80 DEG C, and extraction time is 20~40min, is filtered after extraction, collects filtrate;
B) liquid after extraction is concentrated under reduced pressure, the vacuum degree of reduced pressure is 100~400mbar, and temperature is 60~80 DEG C, concentration Than being 6~8:1, collect steaming excess.
27. according to claim 8~25 any one of them method, the tobacco is tobacco leaf.
28. a kind of tobacco extract is made by claim 8~27 any one of them method.
29. tobacco extract according to claim 28, in the tobacco extract, lactone chemical composition and anhydride The weight ratio of chemical composition is 60~70:30~40.
30. tobacco extract according to claim 28, in the tobacco extract, lactone chemical composition and anhydride The weight ratio of chemical composition is 63~67:33~37.
31. tobacco extract according to claim 28, in the tobacco extract, dihydroactinidiolide, ambergris The weight ratio of lactone, dimethyl maleic anhydride and succinic anhydride is 16~42:20~48:25~57:2~10.
32. tobacco extract according to claim 28, in the tobacco extract, dihydroactinidiolide, ambergris The weight ratio of lactone, dimethyl maleic anhydride and succinic anhydride is 23~27:33~36:34.5~39.5:3.5~4.2.
33. claim 28~32 any one of them tobacco extract is used for the purposes for cigarette or electronic cigarette flavoring.
34. claim 28~32 any one of them tobacco extract is used as the purposes of reconstituted tobacco chip base coating fluid.
CN201611213719.9A 2016-12-26 2016-12-26 A kind of composition and the method for preparing tobacco extract using the composition CN106723312B (en)

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CN1500477A (en) * 2002-11-13 2004-06-02 丛繁滋 Quick result aerosol with plant aroma and its preparation
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