CN106669899A - Brush wood pulverizer - Google Patents

Brush wood pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106669899A
CN106669899A CN201710053296.7A CN201710053296A CN106669899A CN 106669899 A CN106669899 A CN 106669899A CN 201710053296 A CN201710053296 A CN 201710053296A CN 106669899 A CN106669899 A CN 106669899A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
belt wheel
roller
dissepiment
brush wood
composition
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710053296.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106669899B (en
Inventor
姜雪松
李耀翔
狄海廷
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Northeast Forestry University
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Northeast Forestry University
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Publication date
Application filed by Northeast Forestry University filed Critical Northeast Forestry University
Priority to CN201710053296.7A priority Critical patent/CN106669899B/en
Publication of CN106669899A publication Critical patent/CN106669899A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106669899B publication Critical patent/CN106669899B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/20Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with two or more co-operating rotors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/30Driving mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27LREMOVING BARK OR VESTIGES OF BRANCHES; SPLITTING WOOD; MANUFACTURE OF VENEER, WOODEN STICKS, WOOD SHAVINGS, WOOD FIBRES OR WOOD POWDER
    • B27L11/00Manufacture of wood shavings, chips, powder, or the like; Tools therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • B02C2013/28618Feeding means
    • B02C2013/28663Feeding means using rollers

Abstract

A brush wood pulverizer is a facility for pulverizing forestry biomass like brush wood and small-diameter wood. The mechanical equipment is mainly composed of an automatic feeding mechanism, a drum-type chipping mechanism, a second-stage beating-back pulverizing mechanism, a hammer pulverizing mechanism, a transmission mechanism and a discharging mechanism. The automatic feeding mechanism is mainly composed of a scale plate type conveyor, a feeding roller mechanism and a roller adjusting mechanism; according to novel cutter tooth and furrow tooth mixing type roller, a cutter tooth roller and a furrow tooth roller are combined together, and therefore the feeding roller keeps the characteristic that the furrow tooth roller is high in roll-in force and has the functions of smoothening the brush wood and cutting the brush wood in advance of the cutter tooth roller; and by means of a structure of a novel feeding roller adjusting mechanism, an adjusting handle is designed on the side face, and operation is facilitated.

Description

Brush wood pulverizer
Technical field the present invention relates to a kind of brush wood disintegrating apparatus, with mechanical feed, multi-stage crushing, automatic discharge, The high advantage of uniform, granularity is crushed, meets the basic principle of ergonomicss, production efficiency is high, product quality is excellent.
Background technology brush wood is one kind of forestry biomass, and it is used as aspects such as solid molding fuel, generating, liquefactions Exploitation be frequently necessary to be crushed.The characteristics of there is high energy consumption in existing brush wood pulverizer, grinding particle size is wayward, The brush wood branch smashing machine designed in the A of patent of invention CN 102397813, there is automatic feeding mechanism reliability and peace in it Full property is relatively low, and roller governor motion action is less economical, the problems such as motor configuration is not reasonable.And take it as a whole, for The research of the forestry biomass disintegrating apparatus such as brush wood is also less, the development of biomass energy related industry is affected, to brush wood The research and development of pulverizer has meaning.
The content of the invention is the present invention provide a kind of new brush wood disintegrating apparatus, can carry out multi-stage crushing to brush wood, With the advantages of crush efficiency height, low-power consumption.
The present invention the adopted technical scheme that solves the above problems is:
A kind of brush wood pulverizer, mainly by automatic feeding mechanism, chipper drum mechanism, two grades of impact crushing mechanisms, hammers Tablet pulverizer structure, drive mechanism and discharge mechanism composition.
Automatic feeding mechanism is mainly made up of scale plate conveyer, feeding roller mechanism and roller governor motion;Scale plate Conveyer is by dissepiment blade (1), chain (2), drive sprocket (3), chain bracing frame (4), conveyer frame (5), dissepiment Drive shaft (56) is constituted, and dissepiment blade (1) is bolted with chain (2), chain bracing frame (4) and conveyer frame (5) connected by welding manner, drive sprocket (3) and dissepiment drive shaft (56) by bonded, dissepiment drive shaft (56) and machine Frame is connected by bearing;Feeding roller mechanism is made up of upper feed roll (6) and lower feeding roller (7), upper feed roll (6) and Lower feeding roller (7) is ditch flute profile roller (8) in middle position and cutter tooth type roller (9) two parts positioned at both sides are constituted; Roller governor motion is mainly by bearing block (10), mobile steelframe (11), spring spool (12), regulation chute (13), fixed cladding plate (14), fixing tooth (15), adjust gear (16) and regulation handle (30) is constituted, fixed cladding plate (14) by right angle panel beating (27) and Crush cabinet bulk (32) to connect by welding manner, lower feeding roller (7) is installed on fixed cladding plate (14), upper feeding by bearing Roller (6) is connected by bearing with bearing block (10), and bearing block (10) is connected with mobile steelframe (11) by welding manner, mobile Steelframe (11) by spring spool (12) with adjust chute (13) top cross-bar be connected, the moving cylinder (45) of spring spool (12) and Mobile bar (44) is connected respectively with mobile steelframe (11) and regulation chute (13) top cross-bar by welding manner, moving cylinder (45) It is gap cooperation with mobile bar (44) fit system, regulation handle axle (46) is fixed with by bearing on fixed cladding plate (14), adjusts Section gear (16) is bonded with regulation handle axle (46) connected mode, and regulation handle (30) is with regulation handle axle (46) by key Connection, is welded with the locating dowel (37) of 3 cylindrical shapes in regulation handle (30), into 120 degree of circles between adjacent positioned post (37) There are the location hole (57) of cylindrical shape at 9, two neighboring location hole in round angle, fixed cladding plate (14) closely regulation handle (30) side (57) into 40 degree of angles of circumference between, locating dowel (37) is gap cooperation with location hole (57).
Hammering crushing mechanism hammers plate (26), pulverizing chamber into shape surely by crushing chamber (23), rotor (24), dynamic hammer hammer leaf (25), arc Wall (48) etc. is constituted, and it is with bolts with crushing locular wall (48) that arc hammers plate (26) into shape surely.
Drive mechanism is by tower belt wheel group (47), dissepiment driving pulley D (42), roller belt wheel E (43), primary rotor belt wheel (54), the composition such as secondary rotor belt wheel (53), blower fan driving pulley (52);Tower belt wheel group (47) is by tower belt wheel pack support (39), three-level multidiameter (49), belt wheel A (34), belt wheel B (40) and belt wheel C (41) composition;Dissepiment driving pulley D (42) and squama Plate drive shaft (56) is connected with roller belt wheel E (43) by bonded by way of V bands, roller belt wheel E (43) and belt wheel B (40) it is attached by way of V bands, primary rotor belt wheel (54) is connected by shaft coupling A (55) with motor B (31), while It is connected with secondary rotor belt wheel (53) by way of V bands, belt wheel F (51) is connected with belt wheel B (40) by way of V bands, blower fan drives Movable belt pulley (52) is connected with belt wheel C (41) by way of V bands.
Compared with prior art, innovation of the invention is:
1. new cutter tooth ditch tooth mixing shape roller, knife toothed rollers are combined together with ditch toothed rollers, make feeding Roller both maintained ditch toothed rollers be involved in power it is strong the characteristics of, and make brush wood in order with cutter tooth type roller, the function being initially switched off in advance.
2. the structure of new feeding roller governor motion is employed, regulation handle is designed in side, be easy to operation.
3. employ shear hammer sheet crusher structure, install arc additional in pulverizer inwall and hammer plate into shape surely, surely hammer into shape plate on be designed with by The isosceles trapezoid of aligned transfer is hammered into shape surely, and with the rotation of dynamic hammer during crushing, fixed hammer interlocks successively with dynamic hammer, makes material receive shearing force Shred.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the integrally-built schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that the present invention removes the schematic diagram after a side body.
Fig. 3 is the right view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the scale plate transfer mechanism structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the roller of feeding up and down of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structure and spring spool enlarged diagram of the roller governor motion of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the roller governor motion that the present invention removes fixed cladding plate.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the roller governor motion regulation handle of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the shear hammer sheet crusher structure of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the tower belt wheel group of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the right lateral side view of the present invention.
Labelling is as follows in figure:
1st, dissepiment blade 2, chain 3, drive sprocket 4, chain bracing frame
5th, conveyer frame 6, upper feed roll 7, lower feeding roller 8, ditch flute profile roller
9th, cutter tooth type roller 10, bearing block 11, mobile steelframe 12, spring spool
13rd, chute 14, fixed cladding plate 15, fixing tooth 16, regulation gear are adjusted
17th, primary rotor 18, secondary rotor 19,20, two grades of baffle plates of one baffle
21st, three-level baffle plate 22, lower liner plate 23, crushing chamber 24, rotor
25th, move hammer hammer leaf 26, arc and hammer plate 27, right angle panel beating 28, V bands into shape surely
29th, drum chipper 30, regulation handle 31, motor B 32, crushing cabinet bulk
33rd, main frame 34, belt wheel A 35, centrifugal fan 36, handle holddown spring
37th, locating dowel 38, long striped groove 39, tower belt wheel pack support 40, belt wheel B
41st, belt wheel C 42, dissepiment driving pulley D 43, roller belt wheel E 44, mobile bar
45th, moving cylinder 46, regulation handle axle 47, tower belt wheel group 48, crushing locular wall
49th, three-level multidiameter 51, belt wheel F 52, blower fan driving pulley 53, secondary rotor belt wheel
54th, primary rotor belt wheel 55, shaft coupling A 56, dissepiment drive shaft 57, location hole
58th, motor A 59, motor C 60, drum chipper 61, shaft coupling B
Specific embodiment is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing to operation principle of the present invention:
Motor B (31) drives primary rotor belt wheel (54) by shaft coupling A (55), and is passed power by classical V-belt To tower belt wheel group (47), so as to drive roller belt wheel E (43) to rotate, power is passed to squama by roller belt wheel E (43) by V bands again The dissepiment drive shaft (56) of apron conveyor, drives the operating of scale plate conveyer, realizes automatic feed.
Motor A (58) rotates cylinder cutterhead by V belt translation, so as to drive the cutting edge on cylinder cutterhead Circumference cutting is done around the axle of cylinder cutterhead;Stationary knife is arranged on stationary knife seat, is coordinated with the cutting knife of cylinder cutterhead, completes brush wood Cut-out.
Cut-off brush wood enters into counterattack crushing chamber due to the effect of gravity, and primary rotor (17) is rotated clockwise, Brush wood is beaten on one baffle (19), due to the action of gravity of brush wood, brush wood may proceed to primary rotor (17), repeat after crushing, fall into secondary rotor (18), due to the high-speed rotation of secondary rotor, force brush wood in two grades of gears Plate (20), three-level baffle plate clash into repeatedly between (21);Brush wood continues on three-level baffle plate (21) and drops into crushing chamber (23), crushes Rotor (24) in chamber (23) rotates at a high speed under the drive of motor C (59), makes hammer hammer leaf (25) constantly beat brush wood, And the hammer hammer leaf of determining hammered into shape surely with arc on plate (26) constantly staggeredly makes the higher brush wood of toughness further be crushed by shearing;Crush Material afterwards falls into blanking storehouse by sieve plate, is discharged the brush wood after crushing by centrifugal fan (35), so as to complete branch The whole crushing process of material.
Gear driven when rotating regulation handle (30) by being engaged adjusts chute (13) movement, realizes upper feed roll (6) regulation.Regulation handle (30) is gap cooperation with regulation handle axle (46), has long striped groove (38) on axle, on handle There is keyed projection to transmit handle torque, handle regulation handle (30) can be movable along axle upper groove within the specific limits, The nearly cladding plate side of handle is designed with the locating dowel (37) of cylinder at 3, has location hole at 9 at phase equal circumference on fixed cladding plate (57) fixation for, and by handle holddown spring (36) realizing adjusting, handle is pulled out rotate after location hole handss during regulation Handle adjusts roller gap, looses one's grip after the completion of regulation, and handle is returned to location hole and completes regulation process by spring force.

Claims (3)

1. brush wood pulverizer, mainly by automatic feeding mechanism, chipper drum mechanism, two grades of impact crushing mechanisms, hammering crushings Mechanism, drive mechanism and discharge mechanism composition;It is characterized in that:Automatic feeding mechanism is mainly by scale plate conveyer, feeding roller Mechanism and roller governor motion are constituted;Scale plate conveyer is by dissepiment blade (1), chain (2), drive sprocket (3), chain Bracing frame (4), conveyer frame (5), dissepiment drive shaft (56) composition, dissepiment blade (1) is connected with chain (2) by bolt Connect, chain bracing frame (4) is connected with conveyer frame (5) by welding manner, drive sprocket (3) leads to dissepiment drive shaft (56) Cross bonded, dissepiment drive shaft (56) is connected with frame by bearing;Feeding roller mechanism is by upper feed roll (6) and lower feeding Roller (7) composition, upper feed roll (6) and lower feeding roller (7) are ditch flute profile roller (8) in middle position and positioned at two Cutter tooth type roller (9) two parts composition of side;Roller governor motion is mainly by bearing block (10), mobile steelframe (11), spring spool (12) chute (13), fixed cladding plate (14), fixing tooth (15), regulation gear (16) and regulation handle (30) composition, are adjusted, it is fixed Cladding plate (14) is connected with cabinet bulk (32) is crushed by right angle panel beating (27) by welding manner, and lower feeding roller (7) is by axle Hold and be installed on fixed cladding plate (14), upper feed roll (6) is connected by bearing with bearing block (10), bearing block (10) and Mobile steel Frame (11) is connected by welding manner, and mobile steelframe (11) is connected by spring spool (12) with chute (13) top cross-bar is adjusted Connect, the moving cylinder (45) and mobile bar (44) of spring spool (12) is horizontal with mobile steelframe (11) and regulation chute (13) top respectively Beam is connected by welding manner, and moving cylinder (45) is gap cooperation with mobile bar (44) fit system, is led on fixed cladding plate (14) Cross bearing and be fixed with regulation handle axle (46), it is bonded to adjust gear (16) with regulation handle axle (46) connected mode, is adjusted Handle (30), by bonded, is welded with the locating dowel of 3 cylindrical shapes with regulation handle axle (46) in regulation handle (30) (37), into 120 degree of angles of circumference between adjacent positioned post (37), there is cylinder at 9 fixed cladding plate (14) closely regulation handle (30) side The location hole (57) of shape, into 40 degree of angles of circumference between two neighboring location hole (57), locating dowel (37) is with location hole (57) Gap coordinates.
2. brush wood pulverizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that:Hammering crushing mechanism is by crushing chamber (23), rotor (24), move hammer hammer leaf (25), arc to hammer plate (26) into shape surely, crush the composition such as locular wall (48), arc hammers plate (26) into shape and crushes locular wall surely (48) it is with bolts.
3. brush wood pulverizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that:Drive mechanism is by tower belt wheel group (47), dissepiment Driving pulley D (42), roller belt wheel E (43), primary rotor belt wheel (54), secondary rotor belt wheel (53), blower fan driving pulley (52) composition such as;Tower belt wheel group (47) is by tower belt wheel pack support (39), three-level multidiameter (49), belt wheel A (34), belt wheel B (40) constitute with belt wheel C (41);Dissepiment driving pulley D (42) with dissepiment drive shaft (56) by bonded, with roller belt wheel E (43) connected by way of V bands, roller belt wheel E (43) is attached with belt wheel B (40) by way of V bands, primary rotor belt wheel (54) it is connected with motor B (31) by shaft coupling A (55), while being connected with secondary rotor belt wheel (53) by way of V bands, band Wheel F (51) is connected with belt wheel B (40) by way of V bands, and blower fan driving pulley (52) is connected with belt wheel C (41) by way of V bands.
CN201710053296.7A 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 Brush wood pulverizer Expired - Fee Related CN106669899B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710053296.7A CN106669899B (en) 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 Brush wood pulverizer

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106669899B CN106669899B (en) 2018-12-25

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107321457A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-11-07 安吉六合工艺品有限公司 Fan bamboo scraps pulverizer
CN107567826A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-12 江苏大学 A kind of mobile straw cuber straw chopping and throw integrated apparatus
CN108855483A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-11-23 福建农林大学 Jujun grasses stalk pulverizer and its breaking method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3235163A1 (en) * 1982-09-23 1984-03-29 PHB Weserhütte AG, 5000 Köln Shredder for a shredder system for crushing and preparing vehicle bodies or the like to form scrap metal
JP2006272101A (en) * 2005-03-28 2006-10-12 Hitachi Furukawa Kenki Kk Tree branch shredding machine
CN101352122A (en) * 2008-09-23 2009-01-28 尤凤兴 Stalk cutter
CN101574677A (en) * 2009-06-12 2009-11-11 南京农业大学 Branch crushing vehicle
CN206676445U (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-11-28 东北林业大学 Brush wood pulverizer

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3235163A1 (en) * 1982-09-23 1984-03-29 PHB Weserhütte AG, 5000 Köln Shredder for a shredder system for crushing and preparing vehicle bodies or the like to form scrap metal
JP2006272101A (en) * 2005-03-28 2006-10-12 Hitachi Furukawa Kenki Kk Tree branch shredding machine
CN101352122A (en) * 2008-09-23 2009-01-28 尤凤兴 Stalk cutter
CN101574677A (en) * 2009-06-12 2009-11-11 南京农业大学 Branch crushing vehicle
CN206676445U (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-11-28 东北林业大学 Brush wood pulverizer

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107321457A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-11-07 安吉六合工艺品有限公司 Fan bamboo scraps pulverizer
CN107567826A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-12 江苏大学 A kind of mobile straw cuber straw chopping and throw integrated apparatus
CN108855483A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-11-23 福建农林大学 Jujun grasses stalk pulverizer and its breaking method

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Granted publication date: 20181225

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