CN106000544A - Breaking method for conducting impact breaking and strike breaking continuously - Google Patents

Breaking method for conducting impact breaking and strike breaking continuously Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106000544A
CN106000544A CN201610570068.2A CN201610570068A CN106000544A CN 106000544 A CN106000544 A CN 106000544A CN 201610570068 A CN201610570068 A CN 201610570068A CN 106000544 A CN106000544 A CN 106000544A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
strike
impact
breaking
liner
rotor block
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610570068.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李顺山
乐声滨
洪波
刘跃庆
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南昌矿山机械有限公司
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Application filed by 南昌矿山机械有限公司 filed Critical 南昌矿山机械有限公司
Priority to CN201610570068.2A priority Critical patent/CN106000544A/en
Publication of CN106000544A publication Critical patent/CN106000544A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/14Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices
    • B02C13/18Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor
    • B02C13/1807Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor the material to be crushed being thrown against an anvil or impact plate
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/14Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices
    • B02C13/18Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor
    • B02C13/1807Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor the material to be crushed being thrown against an anvil or impact plate
    • B02C13/185Construction or shape of anvil or impact plate
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/20Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with two or more co-operating rotors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • B02C13/2804Shape or construction of beater elements the beater elements being rigidly connected to the rotor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/282Shape or inner surface of mill-housings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/30Driving mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/38Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy in apparatus having multiple crushing or disintegrating zones
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/14Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices
    • B02C13/18Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor
    • B02C13/1807Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor the material to be crushed being thrown against an anvil or impact plate
    • B02C2013/1857Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor the material to be crushed being thrown against an anvil or impact plate rotating coaxially around the rotor shaft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/282Shape or inner surface of mill-housings
    • B02C2013/2825Shape or inner surface of mill-housings with fastening means for fixing lining members to the inner surface of mill-housings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C2013/29Details devices for manipulating beater elements

Abstract

The invention discloses a breaking method for conducting impact breaking and strike breaking continuously. Impact breaking and strike breaking are continuously conducted in one piece of equipment; impact breaking is conducted firstly, and strike breaking is conducted secondly; continuous impact breaking and strike breaking are breaking processes which are mainly conducted by the equipment; and other secondary breaking manners exist during the processes. Impact breaking is achieved in a manner that an impact rotor body rotating at a high speed drives materials to be thrown out at a high speed, and then the materials collide with a cavity wall. Strike breaking is achieved in a manner that a strike rotor body drives a strike hammer to strike the materials. The upper impact rotor body and the lower strike rotor body are driven by different main shafts and motors, and the rotating speeds can be respectively adjusted. The technical problems that in the prior art, the breaking efficiency is low, the equipment size is large, the occupied space is large, and the broken part utilization rate is low are solved, and the technical effects that the equipment breaking efficiency is improved, the equipment size is reduced, and the fineness modulus of breakable materials is improved are achieved.

Description

It is carried out continuously impact grinding and hits broken breaking method

Technical field

The present invention relates to crushing technology field, particularly relate to a kind of be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method, to can broken material even Continue and repeatedly crush, thus improve percentage of damage and optimize grating.

Background technology

In broken material field, particularly crush the breaking method that building stones are used, have attrition crushing, reach brokenly by the rigidity of material is extruded Broken, such as jaw crusher, gyratory crusher, gyratory crusher, kibbler roll;There is strike broken, hit by the hitting part of fair speed Material, produces instantaneous high pressure at short notice, thus crushes building stones, such as hammer mill, chain breaker, impact breaker;There is impact cutting Broken, by material being accelerated at a high speed, clash into rigid impact wall, be also to produce instantaneous high pressure at short notice, thus broken building stones, as vertical shaft rushes Impact crusher;Having mill formula to crush, be placed in by material on rigidity lining, the rigid body of whereabouts such as abrading-ball, frotton, material self etc., with a constant speed Degree clashes into material, thus reaches broken, such as various grinding machines etc..Optimum range that every kind of crumbling method has it to adapt to and the optimum efficiency reached, respectively Plant crumbling method can not mutually replace, but respectively have advantage, the attrition crushing used such as jaw crusher, best to bulk materials effect, generally Use in the most broken stage, bad to piece material effect, the attrition crushing of gyratory crusher use, optimal to medium material using effect, to thin thing Material effect is bad, and the strike of the uses such as impact breaker crushes, and bad to hard ware material effect, vertical shaft impact crusher, to little material, hard Material has preferable using effect, centering, bulk materials to be difficult with.

The disintegrating machine produced at present, in an equipment, is used mostly a kind of breaking method, wherein, uses the equipment hitting smashing principle, thing Material, after being hit, also produces certain speed, thus clashes into cavity wall, produces second-time breakage, belongs to a kind of impact grinding, but when material is hit, Strike can be converted into crushing energy the most mostly, and the energy transferring material kinetic energy to is fewer, thus its blow speed is the highest, and direction is different, mostly Can not frontal impact wall liner, it is difficult to reach the broken required speed kinetic energy of material and effect, this strike is broken is a kind of " subordinate crumbling method ".

A lot " vertical hammer breaks " or " vertical anti-broken " top uses a kind of " spreading disk ", such as CN95200831.9, CN201210270232.X. Material enters from main shaft side, because material is not to enter above the alignment of shafts, material is that local is carried out in turn with the strike of tup, tup stress Uneven, make main shaft stress the most uneven, material and tup hit and are likely to excessively concentrate because of material and directly do not hit and arrive, and tup utilizes and do not fills Point.In order to disperse tup stress and make more material directly hit with tup, using one " spreading disk ", material first falls on " spreading disk ", " spreading disk " rotated with certain speed falls into tup rotary area after being scattered by material, but " spreading disk " simply makes material dispersion become a sector, Rather than fall into tup rotary area in whole circumference range.This " spreading disk " is typically flat smooth, and effect is to make material scatter to form fan Shape falls into tup rotary area rather than makes material accelerate to hit wall liner, produces impact grinding.Also have " spreading disk " with short strip muscle, Its effect can make partial material accelerate and impact wall liner, but simply partial material is accelerated, and major part material simply scatters, and because blanking is at main shaft Side, main shaft is by force unbalance, and rotary speed by considerable restraint, does not reaches the linear velocity of more than 60m/s required by impact grinding, and corresponding 1500 Rev/min the speed of mainshaft.Having part " vertical hammer break " to add discharging point, but blanking is uncontrollable falls symmetrically, stress is the most uneven, Only " vertical shaft type impact crusher " be only central blanking, whole materials is all accelerated at a high speed, clashes into rigid impact wall, thus forms " punching Break up broken ".

The main shaft high speed rotating of vertical shaft type impact crusher, generally at about 1500 revs/min, if using tup below the drive of same main shaft to rotate, It is not necessarily suitable for carrying out hitting crushing.

Reach crushing effect to better profit from various crumbling method, generally the equipment of different crumbling methods be combined, constitute crushing circuit, The flow process provided such as CN201110028290.7, is combined by jaw crusher, gyratory crusher, high-pressure roller mill, reaches the mesh of broken material 's.

Hammer mill or impact breaker, because the consumption of crushing energy, make the material speed after strike low, and direction is different, now impact wall liner Impact grinding belongs to a kind of subordinate, secondary effect.Path combination formula uses various optimal way, can reach good crushing effect, but flow process Complexity, cost is high, and floor space is big, complex management.Its shattering process interruption carries out rather than is carried out continuously.

Some disintegrating machine, as roller breaks, it may have the structure of birotor body, but is all to use phase same crumbling method, can only play a kind of broken side The optimum efficiency of formula.

During realizing the present invention, inventor finds that prior art neutral axis impact crusher at least has the disadvantage in that crushing efficiency is the highest, Equipment volume is big, takes up space big, and crusher members utilization rate is low.

Summary of the invention

In order to improve equipment crushing efficiency, reduce equipment volume and improve can the modulus of fineness of broken material, the invention provides one can be to material Crushing more times and be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method, material can be carried out continuously two separate modes of broken by which Broken, give full play to the most broken optimal effectiveness.

In an equipment, it is carried out continuously impact grinding and hits broken, first carrying out impact grinding, then it is broken to carry out strike, continuous print impact cutting The broken shattering process being equipment and being substantially carried out of broken and strike, other the most secondary crumbling method.

Wherein, impact grinding drives material high-speed to dish out by the impact rotor body of high speed rotating, and the mode that material clashes into cavity wall again reaches, and hits Broken strike by the way of tup hits material by strike rotor block drive is reached.

Wherein, upper impact rotor block and lower strike rotor block are driven by different main and motor respectively, and rotating speed can each self-adjusting.

Wherein, impact rotor body has the riser extended by center to edge, and the material entered from centre can be driven in motion to accelerate and outwards slide OK, final impelling is gone out, and carries out impact grinding with cavity wall.

Wherein, described equipment include lower electric machine assembly, bottom, top, material bin, upper impact rotor block, upper electric machine assembly, upper spindle assemblies, Lower strike rotor block, lower main axis assembly and belt;Described upper electric machine assembly drives the main shaft in upper spindle assemblies to rotate, and main shaft drives upper impact to turn Daughter rotates;Lower electric machine assembly drives the main shaft in lower main axis assembly to rotate, and main shaft drives lower strike rotor block to rotate.

Wherein, in terms of horizontal direction, described upper impact rotor block and described lower strike rotor block are separately mounted to above and below described equipment;Institute State impact rotor block and described lower strike rotor block distinguishes the fixing connection of the most corresponding main shaft, described upper impact rotor block and described lower strike rotor The connected mode of the main shaft that body is corresponding is the most bonded, tapered sleeve connects, expansion set connects, pin connects, threaded or interference connection.

Wherein, on described, impact rotor block and described lower strike rotor block impelling hit the upper and lower cavity wall of material relative Repeat and be provided with and bear Hit wall liner, described wall liner, be in the space that upper case surrounds formed bear the wall liner that material hits repeatedly, wall liner is by solid accumulation The material wall liner formed, or the shock wall liner surrounded by high-abrasive material, the high-abrasive material clashing into wall liner has multiple different shape, angle, with right Should different materials and rotary speed;Described wall liner is the cutting boards structure of overall structure or separation.

Wherein, described wall liner is overall structure, and integrally-built top wall liner is directly loadable in corresponding upper case, and, overall knot The bottom wall liner of structure is directly loadable in corresponding lower case.

Wherein, described wall liner is specially and clashes into ferrum wall liner, 0 °~+20 ° that bears scope of attack centrage and rotor block tangent line of described shock ferrum wall liner Become ± 10 ° of angles.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: one, by the combination of two kinds of crumbling methods, carry out after first carrying out impact grinding hitting broken mode, make two Kind broken is all the direct transmission of motor kinetic energy, and maximum restriction reaches optimal crushing energy, at utmost reaches the most broken optimal effectiveness, two, two Planting crumbling method to realize in an equipment, be to be crushed material by two rotor blocks, material crushes through more times, will have higher Crushing efficiency, specific energy consumption declines, and compact conformation, floor space is little, and flow process is short.Three, use vertical shaft type, make material enter and impact rotor block, Fall into lower strike rotor block again, can be carried out continuously and crush more times, four, adjustment by main shaft friction speed, different grain size can be produced and grating is wanted The finished product asked.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the present invention is carried out continuously impact grinding and the disintegrating apparatus hitting broken breaking method;

Fig. 2 is to be carried out continuously impact grinding in Fig. 1 and hit the schematic diagram that the material of broken breaking method crushes, and wherein, arrow represents that material enters Give, crush trend;

Fig. 3 is that disintegrating apparatus three riser of the present invention is to the schematic diagram of impact rotor on core structure;

Fig. 4 is that disintegrating apparatus four riser of the present invention is to the schematic diagram of impact rotor on core structure;

Fig. 5 is that disintegrating apparatus five riser of the present invention is not to the schematic diagram of impact rotor on core structure;

Fig. 6 is that disintegrating apparatus six riser of the present invention is not to the schematic diagram of impact rotor on core structure;

Fig. 7 is that disintegrating apparatus four riser of the present invention is not to the schematic diagram of impact rotor on the heart half closed structure;

Fig. 8 is that another four riser of disintegrating apparatus of the present invention is not to the schematic diagram of impact rotor on the heart half closed structure;

Fig. 9 is that disintegrating apparatus of the present invention is with the perspective view of impact rotor on wear-resisting thrower head four riser;

In figure, 1 time electric machine assembly, 2 bottoms, 3 tops, 4 material bins, impact on 5 rotor block, electric machine assembly on 6, spindle assemblies on 7,8 Lower strike rotor block, 9 lower main axis assemblies, 10 belts.

Detailed description of the invention

In order to improve equipment crushing efficiency, reduce equipment volume and improve can the modulus of fineness of broken material, the invention provides one can be to material Crushing more times and be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method, material can be carried out continuously two separate modes of broken by which Broken, give full play to the most broken optimal effectiveness.In an equipment, it is carried out continuously impact grinding and hits broken, first carrying out impact grinding, Carry out again hitting crushing, continuous print impact grinding and the broken shattering process being equipment and being substantially carried out of strike, other the most secondary crumbling method. Because the speed that different breaking methods are used is the most identical, corresponding main shaft rotary speed is the most identical, thus up and down rotor block respectively by Different main and motor drive, and rotating speed can each self-adjusting.

The breaking method of the present invention is to realize in the following way being carried out continuously impact grinding and hitting broken.Two kinds of crumbling methods are complete in an equipment Become, first carry out impact grinding, then it is broken to carry out strike.Disintegrating apparatus includes top, middle part, upper impact rotor block, lower strike rotor block, upper master Shaft assembly, lower main axis assembly, electric machine assembly, the critical piece such as electric machine assembly, frame, bottom.Upper main shaft is driven to drive by the motor of electric machine assembly Upper impact rotor block high speed rotating, material impacts rotor block center from top enters, the upper impact rotor block of high speed rotating accelerate riser and accelerate, Eject from edge, cavity wall in the middle part of impact, middle part cavity wall carry out primary strike crush, the material of bounce-back with go out rotor block material repeatedly Repeatedly crushing, this falls within impact grinding, is a kind of secondary, crumbling method of subordinate, and then material drops into lower cavity, by lower strike The hitting part of rotor block is hit, and carries out hitting broken in lower chamber, then clashes into cavity wall and crush, and the most repeatedly crushes.Wherein rush The impact rotor body breaking up broken employing high speed rotating drives material high-speed to dish out, and the mode that material clashes into cavity wall again reaches, and hits broken employing and hits Rotor block drives the mode hitting tup strike material to reach.

Above shattering process is to complete in the internal cavities of an equipment, and its main process is impact grinding and hits broken, and two kinds of crumbling methods are all It is that main broken mode, i.e. motive power source pass to rotor block in driven by motor main shaft, further accelerates material or directly hit material rather than major part It is secondary broken that material crushes after consuming kinetic energy.

Hit broken mode after using first impact grinding, make the crumbling method of the present invention have convenient embodiment, if first carrying out hitting breaking Broken carrying out impact grinding again, material is difficult to conveniently to enter in the rotor block of impact grinding, certainly will structure the most complicated or a kind of subordinate, secondary The impact grinding wanted.

The Main Function of upper impact rotor block is to be accelerated by material and eject from outer rim, and upper impact rotor block has by center to edge extension Riser, motion can drive from centre enter material accelerate and outwards slide, final impelling is gone out, and carries out impact grinding with cavity wall.This Riser has from center the direction that outwards circle extends, but is not the angle to the heart, and riser is not initial from the center of circle, be end to cylindrical, and simply one The trend of kind, riser shape is also not necessarily straight, can be various curve or broken line, and the structure surrounded by more than one piece riser, and this structure can also Accommodate solid accumulation, thus form the outward extending promotion material from center and accelerate and the structure that outwards slides, riser can add variously-shaped with The wearing piece of angle, to protect riser not denuded by material, and needs to change or scrap, needs the simply wearing piece changed.

After making equipment carry out impact grinding, proceeding to hit crushing, equipment bottom has lower strike rotor block, lower strike rotor block to join with its main shaft Connecing, high speed rotating under driven by motor, lower strike rotor block is provided with wear-resistant hammer head.Wear-resistant hammer head can be fixedly connected on lower strike rotor block, Can also hinged, socket, pin shaft joint etc. mode is movable is connected on lower strike rotor block.The wear-resistant hammer head of high speed rotating hits the material of whereabouts, Thus broken material.Wear-resistant hammer head shape size, quantity can adjust, thus reach different product requirements.

In terms of horizontal direction, upper impact rotor block and lower strike rotor block are separately mounted to above and below equipment.

Rotor block couples firmly with its main shaft up and down, and upper impact rotor block or lower strike rotor block and the connecting mode of its main shaft, can be key connecting, Tapered sleeve couples, and expansion set couples, and pin couples, thread connection, interference fit joint etc., and other connecting mode that this area is used.

Upper impact rotor block and lower strike rotor block are driven by different main and motor respectively, and rotating speed can each self-adjusting.Adjusted by scene thus reach Optimum product granularity and particle size distribution.

Hit in upper and lower rotor block impelling and bear strike wall liner, described wall liner with lower chamber wall in the middle part of material relative Repeat, be to enclose in middle housing Formed in the space become bears the material lining that the wall liner that material hits repeatedly, lining or wall liner can be become by solid accumulation, or is surrounded by high-abrasive material Shock wall, clashing into wall high-abrasive material can also have multiple different shape, angle, with corresponding different material and rotary speed.Also there is different material The corresponding different material of material.The shock wall that cavity wall surrounding is surrounded by high-abrasive material, it is also possible to be metal wear resistant material or nonmetallic wear-resistant material formation. The strike wall liner that bears of cavity wall surrounding can be an entirety, it is also possible to be the chopping block separated.

Wherein, when described wall liner is overall structure, integrally-built top wall liner is directly loadable in corresponding upper case, and, overall knot The bottom wall liner of structure is directly loadable in corresponding lower case;When described wall liner is specially and clashes into ferrum wall liner, bearing of described shock ferrum wall liner 0 °~+20 ° of scope of attack centrage and rotor block tangent line becomes ± 10 ° of angles.

When wall liner is an integral form, can be directly loadable in upper case or lower case, the most disposably change.Clash into ferrum wall The high-abrasive material of lining can be an entirety, it is also possible to be the wear-resisting chopping block separated, and wear-resisting chopping block is arranged on annular steel construction.Clash into ferrum wall liner High-abrasive material is not simply to protect middle housing or lower case, but its plane contacted with material forms a kind of forward or near with the material of impelling The shock of forward, thus reach best crushing effect, the impelling angle of material is that the motion that a stress is complicated causes, mainly one rotor block Motion that what edge line speed and material were outside from center dish out, because motion is difficult to accurately calculate and measure, definition rotor block edge tangent line direction is outside 0~+20 ° be that outlet direction thrown by material, therefore, the scope of attack center of bearing of middle part ferrum wall liner and bottom ferrum wall liner and the 0 of rotor block tangent line~+ 20 ° become ± 10 ° of angles, are the best angles clashed into close to forward, and concrete anvil angle needs to design according to field working conditions, and rotor block can also be suitable Hour hands turn or turn counterclockwise, the change that the angle of anvil is also suitable.Clash into ferrum wall liner high-abrasive material and can also have multiple different shape, with corresponding different Specification and the abrasion system of material.

In order to be better understood from technique scheme, below in conjunction with Figure of description and specific embodiment, technique scheme is carried out in detail Explanation.

Embodiment one:

In embodiment one, it is provided that a kind of middle part is being carried out continuously impact grinding and hitting broken breaking method of building stones wall liner, see Fig. 1- Fig. 8, described in be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method in an equipment, be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken, first Carry out impact grinding, then it is broken to carry out strike, continuous print impact grinding and the broken shattering process being equipment and being substantially carried out of strike, the most secondary Other crumbling method wherein impact grinding drive material high-speed to dish out by the impact rotor body of high speed rotating, the mode that material clashes into cavity wall again reaches Arrive, hit broken strike by the way of tup hits material by strike rotor block drive and reach.Upper impact rotor block and lower strike rotor block be not respectively by Driving with main shaft and motor, rotating speed can each self-adjusting.Impact rotor body has the riser extended by center to edge, can drive from central part in motion The material that position enters accelerates and outwards slides, and final impelling is gone out, and carries out impact grinding with cavity wall.Described equipment includes lower electric machine assembly 1, bottom 2, top 3, material bin 4, upper impact rotor block 5, upper electric machine assembly 6, upper spindle assemblies 7, lower strike rotor block 8, lower main axis assembly 9 with And belt 10;Described upper electric machine assembly 6 drives the main shaft in upper spindle assemblies 7 to rotate, and main shaft drives upper impact rotor block 5 to rotate;Lower group of motors Part 1 drives the main shaft in lower main axis assembly 9 to rotate, and main shaft drives lower strike rotor block to rotate 8.

In terms of horizontal direction, described upper impact rotor block 5 and described lower strike rotor block 8 are separately mounted to above and below described equipment;Described Upper impact rotor block 5 and described lower strike rotor block 8 distinguish the fixing connection of the most corresponding main shaft, described upper impact rotor block 5 and described lower strike The connected mode of the main shaft that rotor block 8 is corresponding is the most bonded, tapered sleeve connects, expansion set connects, pin connects, threaded or interference connection.

Further, in the present embodiment, on described, impact rotor block 5 and the top of described lower strike rotor block 8 impelling strike material relative Repeat Be provided with lower chamber wall and bear strike wall liner, described wall liner, be in the space that upper case surrounds formed bear the wall that material hits repeatedly Lining, wall liner is the material wall liner formed by solid accumulation, or the shock wall liner surrounded by high-abrasive material, clash into wall liner high-abrasive material have multiple not Shape together, angle, with corresponding different material and rotary speed;Described wall liner is the cutting boards structure of overall structure or separation.

Further, in the present embodiment, described wall liner is overall structure, and integrally-built top wall liner is directly loadable into corresponding upper case In, and, integrally-built bottom wall liner is directly loadable in corresponding lower case.

Further, in the present embodiment, described wall liner be specially clash into ferrum wall liner, described shock ferrum wall liner bear scope of attack centrage and rotor block 0 ° of tangent line~angle ,+20 ° of one-tenth ± 10 °.

Although preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, but those skilled in the art once know basic creative concept, then can be to these Embodiment makes other change and amendment.So, claims are intended to be construed to include preferred embodiment and fall into the institute of the scope of the invention There are change and amendment.

Obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out various change and modification without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention to the present invention.So, if If these amendments of the present invention and modification belong within the scope of the claims in the present invention and equivalent technologies thereof, then the present invention is also intended to comprise these changes With including modification.

Claims (9)

1. it is carried out continuously impact grinding and hits broken breaking method, it is characterised in that: in an equipment, it is carried out continuously impact grinding and strike Broken, first carry out impact grinding, then it is broken to carry out strike, continuous print impact grinding and the broken shattering process being equipment and being substantially carried out of strike, its Between also have the most secondary other crumbling method.
The most according to claim 1 it be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method, it is characterised in that: impact grinding is by a high speed The impact rotor body of rotation drives material high-speed to dish out, and the mode that material clashes into cavity wall again reaches, and hits broken drive by strike rotor block and hits Tup hits the mode of material and reaches.
The most according to claim 2 be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method, it is characterised in that: above impact rotor block and under Hitting rotor block to be driven by different main and motor respectively, rotating speed can each self-adjusting.
The most according to claim 3 be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method, it is characterised in that: impact rotor body have by The riser that center extends to edge, can drive the material entered from centre accelerate and outwards slide in motion, final impelling is gone out, and enters with cavity wall Row impact grinding.
The most according to claim 4 it be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method, it is characterised in that: described equipment includes lower electricity Thermomechanical components (1), bottom (2), top (3), material bin (4), upper impact rotor block (5), upper electric machine assembly (6), upper spindle assemblies (7), Lower strike rotor block (8), lower main axis assembly (9) and belt (10);Master in spindle assemblies (7) in the drive of described upper electric machine assembly (6) Axle rotates, and main shaft drives and impacts rotor block (5) rotation;Lower electric machine assembly (1) drives the main shaft in lower main axis assembly (9) to rotate, main shaft Lower strike rotor block is driven to rotate (8).
The most according to claim 5 it be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method, it is characterised in that: in terms of horizontal direction, institute State impact rotor block (5) and described lower strike rotor block (8) is separately mounted to above and below described equipment;Described upper impact rotor block (5) The main shaft the most corresponding with described lower strike rotor block (8) is fixing to be connected, described upper impact rotor block (5) and described lower strike rotor block (8) The connected mode of corresponding main shaft is the most bonded, tapered sleeve connects, expansion set connects, pin connects, threaded or interference connection.
The most according to claim 6 it be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method, it is characterised in that: impact rotor on described The upper and lower cavity wall of body (5) and described lower strike rotor block (8) impelling strike material relative Repeat is provided with bears strike wall liner, described Wall liner, be in the space that upper case surrounds formed bear the wall liner that material hits repeatedly, wall liner is the material wall liner formed by solid accumulation, Or the shock wall liner surrounded by high-abrasive material, the high-abrasive material clashing into wall liner has multiple different shape, angle, with corresponding different material and rotation Rotary speed;Described wall liner is the cutting boards structure of overall structure or separation.
The most according to claim 7 it be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method, it is characterised in that: described wall liner be entirety Structure, integrally-built top wall liner is directly loadable in corresponding upper case, and, it is right with it that integrally-built bottom wall liner is directly loadable into In the lower case answered.
The most according to claim 8 it be carried out continuously impact grinding and hit broken breaking method, it is characterised in that: described wall liner specially hits Hammer wall liner, the bearing 0 °~+20 ° of scope of attack centrage and rotor block tangent line and become ± 10 ° of angles of described shock ferrum wall liner.
CN201610570068.2A 2016-07-19 2016-07-19 Breaking method for conducting impact breaking and strike breaking continuously CN106000544A (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2131603Y (en) * 1992-03-24 1993-05-05 杨连国 Vertical strike-up hammer grinder
CN2179203Y (en) * 1993-11-06 1994-10-12 山东建筑材料工业学院 Verticle compound crusher
CN2187978Y (en) * 1993-11-06 1995-01-25 山东建筑材料工业学院 Vertical combined crusher
CN2239291Y (en) * 1995-11-04 1996-11-06 白静波 Vertical combined super-fine crusher
CN201105228Y (en) * 2007-07-18 2008-08-27 湖北第二师范学院 Cantilevered super fine pulverizer
WO2013178818A1 (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-12-05 Proactor Schutzrechtsverwaltungs Gmbh Device and method for comminuting parts or goods
CN204352931U (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-05-27 四川皇龙智能破碎技术股份有限公司 A kind of vertical composite breaking grinder
CN104826697A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-08-12 济南大学 Damping multi-rotation hammer crusher

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2131603Y (en) * 1992-03-24 1993-05-05 杨连国 Vertical strike-up hammer grinder
CN2179203Y (en) * 1993-11-06 1994-10-12 山东建筑材料工业学院 Verticle compound crusher
CN2187978Y (en) * 1993-11-06 1995-01-25 山东建筑材料工业学院 Vertical combined crusher
CN2239291Y (en) * 1995-11-04 1996-11-06 白静波 Vertical combined super-fine crusher
CN201105228Y (en) * 2007-07-18 2008-08-27 湖北第二师范学院 Cantilevered super fine pulverizer
WO2013178818A1 (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-12-05 Proactor Schutzrechtsverwaltungs Gmbh Device and method for comminuting parts or goods
CN204352931U (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-05-27 四川皇龙智能破碎技术股份有限公司 A kind of vertical composite breaking grinder
CN104826697A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-08-12 济南大学 Damping multi-rotation hammer crusher

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Application publication date: 20161012