CN106667746A - Pay meter - Google Patents

Pay meter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106667746A
CN106667746A CN201611262002A CN201611262002A CN106667746A CN 106667746 A CN106667746 A CN 106667746A CN 201611262002 A CN201611262002 A CN 201611262002A CN 201611262002 A CN201611262002 A CN 201611262002A CN 106667746 A CN106667746 A CN 106667746A
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China
Prior art keywords
circuit
connected
chamber
atomization
power supply
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CN201611262002A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106667746B (en
Inventor
刘军溶
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宁波市恒祺电子科技有限公司
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Publication of CN106667746A publication Critical patent/CN106667746A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H33/00Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes
    • A61H33/06Artificial hot-air or cold-air baths; Steam or gas baths or douches, e.g. sauna or Finnish baths
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H33/00Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes
    • A61H33/06Artificial hot-air or cold-air baths; Steam or gas baths or douches, e.g. sauna or Finnish baths
    • A61H33/12Steam baths for the face
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/30Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation
    • C02F1/32Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation with ultra-violet light
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H33/00Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes
    • A61H33/06Artificial hot-air or cold-air baths; Steam or gas baths or douches, e.g. sauna or Finnish baths
    • A61H2033/068Steam baths

Abstract

The invention discloses a water replenishing instrument and aims to provide an energy-saving and efficient water replenishing instrument. The hygiene and energy consumption problems of water replenishing instrument are solved. The water replenishing instrument is characterized by comprising a water storage tank, the water storage tank includes a sterilizing chamber and an atomization chamber, the sterilizing chamber and the atomization chamber are separated through a partition plate and formed in the upper portion and lower portion of the water storage tank respectively, a first one-way valve is arranged on the partition plate, the side wall of the water storage tank is provided with an atomized liquid outlet communicated with the atomization chamber, the other end of the atomized liquid outlet is communicated with an atomized liquid outlet channel, an outlet of the atomized liquid outlet channel is connected with an atomization piece, the side wall of the atomization piece is provided with a second one-way valve which is communicated with an air supply channel, a piston structure is arranged on the air supply channel, the first one-way valve discharges water in the sterilizing chamber to the atomization chamber, the piston structure pushes outside air into the atomization chamber through the second one-way valve, the center of the top of the sterilizing chamber is provided with an ultraviolet lamp device, and the bottom of the atomization chamber is provided with an atomization device.

Description

补水仪 Pay meter

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及补水仪。 [0001] The present invention relates to replenishment instrument.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 人体毛孔直径大约是0.02〜0.05mm,正常水分不易进入毛孔被吸收,经补水仪喷出来的水分被切割分裂成0.3-0.5u,m (0.0003〜0.0005mm),能轻易进入毛孔中被吸收。 [0002] Human pore diameter of about 0.02~0.05mm, normal water can not be absorbed into the pores, the water jetted pay meter is cut split into 0.3-0.5u, m (0.0003~0.0005mm), can easily enter the pores absorbed. 长期使用,使皮肤达到水润的效果。 Long-term use, so that the skin moist effect. 补水仪能够给角质层补水,当角质层失水比较严重时候,皮肤就会分泌油脂来达到平衡,导致人体皮肤出油,而油性肌肤毛孔容易堵塞,产生痘痘;一些特殊部位,如眼角,长期处于缺水状态,就会产生细纹。 Instrument can pay to pay the stratum corneum, the stratum corneum water loss is more serious when the time, the skin will secrete oil to reach equilibrium, leading to human skin oils, and oily skin prone to clogging the pores, resulting in acne; some special parts, such as eyes, long-term in a dry state, will produce fine lines.

[0003]目前,市场上的公开(公告)号为CN205569301U,一种补水仪用内置雾化片的加热水箱式喷雾机构,包括顶部水箱和加热水箱,所述顶部水箱的底部具有竖直连接管部,竖直连接管部与加热水箱的顶板相连接,竖直连接管部中设有雾化片,竖直连接管部与加热水箱相通,加热水箱的底面固定有加热片,加热水箱的侧板通接有喷出管。 [0003] Currently, the market No. Publication (Kokoku) is CN205569301U, one hydration tank with a heating device built spray atomization mechanism, including the top of the tank and a heating tank, said tank having a top and bottom of the vertical connection tube portion, the vertical pipe portion connected to the top plate is connected to the heating tank, connected to the vertical pipe portion is provided with the atomization plate, connected to the vertical pipe portion in communication with the heating tank, fixed to the bottom surface of the heating heating water tank, heating water tank through the discharge pipe is connected with the side plates.

[0004] 此补水仪采用加热方式将水体温度上升以产生水蒸汽,补水仪使用时需要加入纯净水,纯净水中会存在细菌,并且在加入纯净水的过程中还是会和外界空气接触,所以多少都会有细菌存在,如果需要去除细菌,则需要加纯净水加热至100摄氏度,而此过程喷出的雾气对人体来说温度过高,需要将其冷却才能使用,由此一来,从能源上就造成了很多的浪费,将水体加热除菌,又要降温使用,并且由于雾气的温度调节需要一定时间,在此过程中容易重新凝结成水珠,而无法达到有效的补水效果。 [0004] This replenishment instrument uses heating the water temperature rises to generate required purified water was added water vapor, water meter used, there will be bacteria of purified water, and during the addition of purified water still and the outside air contacts, so much there will be the presence of bacteria, if necessary to remove bacteria, you need to add pure water heated to 100 degrees Celsius, while the process of spray mist on the human body temperature is too high, it needs to be cooled can be used, whereby a result, the energy from it caused a lot of waste, the sterilized water heating, but also cooling use, and because of fog temperature regulation will take some time, this process is easy to re-condense into water droplets, and can not achieve effective moisturizing effect.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 针对现有技术存在的不足,本发明的目的是提供节能高效的补水仪。 [0005] for the deficiencies of the prior art, an object of the present invention to provide an energy efficient replenishment instrument.

[0006] 本发明的上述技术目的是通过以下技术方案得以实现的:一种补水仪,包括储水箱,所述储水箱包括杀菌室和雾化室,杀菌室和雾化室通过一隔板分隔成上下位置,所述隔板上设置有第一单向阀,所述储水箱的侧壁上设置有与雾化室连通的出雾口,所述出雾口的另一端连通有出雾通道,出雾通道的出口上连接有雾化片,雾化室的侧壁上还设有第二单向阀,所述第二单向阀连通有补气通道,补气通道上设置有活塞结构,第一单向阀用以将杀菌室内的水排放到雾化室中,活塞结构用以将外界空气通过第二单向阀推入雾化室内,所述杀菌室的顶部中央设置有紫外灯装置,所述雾化室的底部设置有雾化装置。 [0006] The technical object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: A moisturizing apparatus, including tank, said tank comprising a sterilization chamber and a spray chamber, sterilization chamber and a spray chamber are separated by a separator into a vertical position, is provided with a first check valve provided with a fog spray chamber communicating with the outlet on the sidewall of the separator tank, the other end of the mist outlet passage is communicated with the fog connected to the atomization plate, also provided with a second check valve on the side wall of the spray chamber exit mist passage, said second check valve communicating passage qi, qi channel is provided with a piston structure , the first check valve configured to discharge water to the sterilizing chamber of the spray chamber, the piston structure to ambient air through the second check valve is pushed into the atomization chamber, the center of the top of the sterilization chamber is provided with UV lamps the bottom of the atomizing device is provided with the atomization chamber means.

[0007] 通过上述设置,紫外灯装置由上之下照射水体,对水体进行全面的杀菌,杀菌后的水体通过改变杀菌室的内压和雾化室之间的气压差,当杀菌室内的气压大于雾化室,则水体从第一单向阀中流入到雾化室内,雾化室内的雾化装置可以将水体进行雾化,雾化后的水体由出雾通道排除,出雾通道上的雾化片进一步对雾气进行分割,从而形成更加小的水汽,补气通道可以对雾化室内的气压进行调节,从而可以进行有效的喷雾动作。 [0007] UV lamp means on the water for the above-described set by irradiating water under the comprehensive sterilization, the water after sterilization difference by changing the air pressure between the internal pressure of the atomizing chamber the sterilization chamber when the pressure sterilization chamber is greater than the spray chamber, the water flows from the first check valve to the atomization chamber, atomizing means atomization chamber may be atomized water, the water atomized fog by a negative channel, the channel fog atomization of mist is further divided to form water vapor even smaller, supplemental gas channel may be adjusted atomizing pressure in the chamber, so that the operation can be effectively sprayed. 此过程没有采用加热的方式产生水汽,能耗较低,并且进行有效的杀菌处理,更加节能环保。 This process does not produce water vapor by way of heating, energy consumption is low, and efficient sterilization treatment, more environmentally friendly.

[0008]作为本发明的具体方案可以优选为:所述活塞结构包括推杆、第三单向阀,所述推杆固定于第三单向阀上,第三单向阀用以在推杆上升时打开或推杆下移时关闭,所述杀菌室的侧壁上设有与补气通道连接的补气口,补气口设置于杀菌室的储水液面之上。 [0008] As a specific embodiment of the present invention may preferably: said piston comprises a push rod structure, a third one-way valve, the push rod is fixed to the third one-way valve, the third check valve to the push rod open or closed down when the push rod rises, it provided the qi qi port is connected to the side wall of the sterilizing passage chamber, qi port disposed above the sterilization chamber of the reservoir level.

[0009] 通过上述设置,为了能够有效调节气压,并且能够有效防止外部空气中的细菌,则通过将杀菌室上方的空气补入雾化室内,则可以利用杀菌室内的紫外灯装置对杀菌室内的空气也进行了杀菌,同时将此空气补入到雾化室内,从而使得雾化室内的气压升高,一是可以关闭第一单向阀,二是通过第二单向阀提高雾化室内气压,从而能推动雾化水汽由出雾通道喷出,能够起到洁净的雾化水汽。 [0009] With the above arrangement, in order to effectively regulate the air pressure, and can effectively prevent bacterial outside air, through the air above the atomizing chamber complement the sterilization chamber, the chamber can be sterilized using UV light sterilization chamber means air also sterilization, while the atomizing air up into this chamber, so that the atomization chamber pressure rises, one can close the first check valve, the second is to improve the atomization chamber through the second check valve gas pressure , which can promote the atomization of water vapor discharged from the fog channel, can play a clean atomized vapor.

[0010]作为本发明的具体方案可以优选为:所述紫外灯装置包括LED紫外灯以及驱动电路,所述驱动电路包括电源输入端、整流滤波电路、箝位吸收电路、变压电路、恒流电路和整流输出电路;电源输出端用以连接外部电源;整流滤波电路连接电源输入端,用以将交流电进行整流和滤波处理;箝位吸收电路连接变压电路上,用以对整流滤波电路的输出进行电压限制,对变压电路上的过高电压进行吸收;恒流电路连接变压电路,用以控制变压电路进行恒流输出;整流输出电路连接变压电路,用以对恒流输出进行再次整流输出;整流输出电路连接LED紫外灯。 [0010] As a specific embodiment of the present invention may preferably be: the ultraviolet lamp comprises a LED ultraviolet lamp means and a drive circuit, the drive circuit includes a power input rectifier and filter circuit, a clamp snubber circuit, the transformer circuit, the current a rectifying circuit and an output circuit; a power output for connection to an external power supply; rectifier filter circuit connected to the power supply input terminals for rectifying and filtering the AC treatment; clamp snubber circuit connected to the transformer circuit for rectifying and filtering circuit of the output voltage limitation of the voltage on the high pressure swing absorption circuit; constant current circuit connected to the transformer circuit for controlling the output of the constant current transformer circuit; a rectifying circuit connected to an output transformer circuit for constant current output rectifying the output again; a rectifying circuit connected to an output LED ultraviolet lamp.

[0011] 通过上述设置,采用驱动电路和LED紫外灯,更加体现节能理念,由于LED紫外灯功耗较低,杀菌效果好,并且采用恒流驱动,输出稳定的电流以驱动LED紫外灯工作,提高杀菌效果和LED紫外灯的使用寿命。 [0011] With the above arrangement, the driver circuit of the UV lamp and the LED, a more energy-saving concept embodied, since lower power LED ultraviolet lamp, bactericidal effect, and the constant current drive, a stable output current to drive the LED ultraviolet lamp operation, bactericidal effect and improve the life of the LED ultraviolet lamp.

[0012]作为本发明的具体方案可以优选为:所述LED紫外灯上还并联有电位器。 [0012] As a specific embodiment of the present invention may preferably be: further potentiometer connected in parallel on the LED ultraviolet lamp.

[0013] 通过上述设置,通过调节电位器的自身阻值,可以改变并联电路的分流大小,从而可以适当的调节对LED紫外灯的杀菌力度。 [0013] With the above arrangement, by adjusting the resistance of potentiometer itself, you can change the size of the parallel shunt circuit can be appropriately adjusted so that the intensity of the germicidal UV LED light. 流过LED紫外灯的电流越大,则LED紫外灯光照强度越大,则杀菌效果提高。 The larger the current flows through the LED ultraviolet lamp, the ultraviolet LED light shines greater strength, the sterilizing effect is improved. 此过程均限制在有效的杀菌强度的调节范围内。 This procedure was limited within the effective range of adjustment of the intensity of the sterilization.

[0014]作为本发明的具体方案可以优选为:所述雾化电路上还设置有用以控制其工作的控制器,所述控制器包括用以检测阈值水位的第一检测器、用以检测低水位的第二检测器、设置于雾化室底部的第三检测器、用以在阈值水位时进行接通雾化电路电源或在低水位时断开雾化电路电源的开关控制电路。 [0014] As a specific embodiment of the present invention may preferably: be useful provided the further controller to control its operation on the atomization circuit, said controller comprises a first detector for detecting the water level of the threshold value for detecting low a second water level detector, the third detector disposed at the bottom of the atomization chamber for atomizing circuit power supply is turned on when the threshold level or power off the switch circuit control circuit atomized at low level.

[0015] 通过上述设置,雾化电路采用超声波雾化器,则通过对雾化室内的净化水的水位进行检测,在一个合理的水位下,超声波雾化器的雾化效果更佳,所以需要对此水位进行控制,超过阈值水位的情况下,超声波雾化器进行工作,知道将水位控制无法雾化的水位时才停止雾化,如果需要再次雾化,则可以由杀菌室内的净化水进行补充。 [0015] With the above arrangement, the circuit atomization ultrasonic nebulizer, is detected by the water level of the atomization chamber purified water, at a reasonable level, better atomization ultrasonic nebulizer, it is necessary this water level control, water level exceeds the threshold value of ultrasonic nebulizer to work, knowing that will not stop atomized spray of water level control when, if needed spray again, you can purify water by sterilization chamber supplement.

[0016]作为本发明的具体方案可以优选为:所述开关控制电路包括电源部、第一继电器、三极管、指示灯、第十一电阻、第十二电阻;电源部的正极连接第一继电器的线圈、通过第十一电阻连接第一继电器的第二常开触点和第一检测器;指示灯并联在第一继电器的线圈上;第一继电器的第二常开触点的另一端连接第二检测器;第三检测器连接三极管的基极、通过第十二电阻连接三极管的发射极;第一继电器的线圈的另一端连接三极管的集电极;三极管的发射极连接电源部的负极;第一继电器的第一常开触点串接在雾化电路的供电回路上O [0016] As a specific embodiment of the present invention may preferably be: the switch control circuit includes a power supply unit, a first relay, transistor, LEDs, resistors eleventh, twelfth resistor; positive power supply portion of the first relay coil, a second normally connected to the first relay contact and via an eleventh resistor opening a first detector; a first lamp connected in parallel to the relay coil; the other end of the second normally-open contact of the first relay is connected to a first second detector; yl third detector connected transistor, an emitter connected via a twelfth resistor transistor; the other end of the coil of the relay is connected to the collector of the first transistor; the emitter of the transistor is connected to the negative power source portion; a second a first normally open relay contact connected in series in the power supply loop circuit atomization O

[0017] 通过上述设置,开关控制电路采用电路元件以及连接结构,电源部通电之后,可以进行对应的检测和控制工作,以实现有效的水位调节,以提高雾化器的雾化能力,节省超声波雾化器不必要的工作水位。 After [0017] With the above arrangement, the switching control circuit using circuit elements and a connection structure, power supply unit, may be detected and the corresponding control operation, to achieve effective water level regulator, the ability to improve atomization nebulizer, an ultrasonic save atomizer unnecessary work level.

[0018]作为本发明的具体方案可以优选为:所述LED紫外灯上设有散热铝板和透镜。 [0018] As a specific embodiment of the present invention may preferably be: aluminum heat sink and a lens is provided on the LED ultraviolet lamp.

[0019] 通过上述设置,由于LED紫外灯工作过程也会产生热量,此热量不利于LED紫外灯的寿命,所以通过散热铝片进行散热;透镜可以防止紫外线的散射,对紫外光具有汇聚的作用。 [0019] With the above arrangement, since the ultraviolet lamp LED will generate heat during operation, this heat is not conducive to the lifetime of the LED ultraviolet lamp, so that heat dissipation through the heat dissipation aluminum sheet; lens can be prevented from scattering of ultraviolet, ultraviolet light having a converging effect on .

[0020]作为本发明的具体方案可以优选为:所述电源部的正极和负极上并联有第十一电容。 [0020] As a specific embodiment of the present invention may preferably be: an eleventh capacitor connected in parallel to positive and negative portions of the power supply.

[0021] 通过上述设置,此第十一电容可以改善电源部输出电流的稳定性。 [0021] With the above arrangement, this eleventh capacitor may improve stability of the output current supply unit.

[0022]作为本发明的具体方案可以优选为:所述指示灯采用LED灯珠。 [0022] As a specific embodiment of the present invention may preferably be: the use of LED indicator lights.

[0023] 通过上述设置,LED灯珠具有较低的功耗。 [0023] With the above arrangement, LED lights beads have lower power consumption.

[0024]作为本发明的具体方案可以优选为:所述电源部包括第二变压器和整流桥,第二变压器的一侧用以连接外部电源,第二变压器的另一侧用以连接整流桥。 [0024] As a specific embodiment of the present invention may preferably be: the power supply portion includes a second transformer and a rectifier bridge, one side of the second transformer is connected to an external power source, the other side of the second transformer is connected to the rectifier bridge.

[0025] 通过上述设置,可以适用外部不同的电源电压,通过第二变压器进行降压,通过整流桥将交流电转换为直流电为后级电路进行供电。 [0025] With the above arrangement, it can be applied to different external power supply voltage, the second step-down transformer, the rectifier bridge converts the AC power to power the DC power to the post-stage circuit.

[0026]综上所述,本发明具有以下有益效果:采用空间分隔的方式对水体进行两个步骤的处理,在杀菌室内对水体和杀菌室内的空气进行杀菌,紫外灯由上之下照射,可以更好的杀灭室内细菌,并且由第一单向阀控制洁净水流入到雾化室内进行第二步雾化处理,通过水位控制,达到合适的雾化水位,再由活塞结构来对气压进行控制,以提高雾化程度,电能损耗小,工作效率高。 [0026] In summary, the present invention has the following advantages: the use of spatially separated manner on the water for a two-step process for sterilization of water and air in the sterilizing chamber of the sterilization chamber under the UV lamp is illuminated by, indoor kill the bacteria can be better, and the second step is controlled by the atomization process of the first check valve to the atomization chamber clean water flows through the water level control, to achieve the appropriate level of atomization, and then the air pressure by a piston structure is controlled to improve atomization, power loss, high operating efficiency.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0027]图1为本实施例的结构原理图; [0027] FIG. 1 structure diagram of the embodiment of the present embodiment;

图2为LED紫外灯的结构原理图; FIG 2 is a configuration diagram of the LED ultraviolet lamp;

图3为活塞结构的实施例一的关闭状态图; 3 is an embodiment of the piston structure of FIG closed state;

图4为活塞结构的实施例一的打开状态图; FIG 4 is a view of an opened state of the piston structure of the embodiment;

图5为活塞结构的实施例一的俯视图; FIG 5 is a top plan view of a piston embodiment of a structure;

图6为活塞结构的实施例二的结构图; FIG 6 is a block diagram of an embodiment of the piston structure of the two;

图7为活塞结构的实施例二的侧视图; 7 is a side view of a piston according to a second embodiment of the structure;

图8为控制器的电路图; 8 is a circuit diagram of a controller;

图9为紫外灯装置的电路图; 9 is a circuit diagram of an ultraviolet lamp apparatus;

图10为控制芯片输出的时序图。 FIG 10 is a timing diagram of the control chip output.

[0028]图中1、储水箱;11、杀菌室;12、雾化室;13、隔板;21、第一单向阀;22、第二单向阀;31、出雾通道;32、补气通道;33、雾化片;34、出雾口;35、补气口;6、紫外灯装置;61、LED紫外灯;611、散热铝板;612、透镜;62、驱动电路;621、电源输入端;622、整流滤波电路;623、箝位吸收电路;624、变压电路;625、恒流电路;626、整流输出电路;7、控制器;71、第一检测器;72、第二检测器;73、第三检测器;74、开关控制电路;741、电源部;742、指示灯;Kl、第一继电器;Ql、三极管;Rll、第i^一电阻;R12、第十二电阻;D11、第^^一二极管;C11、第^^一电容;T2、第二变压器;D、整流桥;8、雾化装置;9、活塞结构;91、推杆;92、第三单向阀;93、增压栗;94、滑块;RP、电位器。 [0028] In FIG 1, the water tank; 11, the sterilization chamber; 12, the atomizing chamber; 13, a separator; 21, first check valve; 22, second check valve; 31, the mist passage; 32, qi channels; 33, spray film; 34, a fog outlet; 35, qi port; 6, the ultraviolet lamp apparatus; 61, LED ultraviolet lamp; 611, aluminum heat sink; 612, a lens; 62, a driving circuit; 621, a power supply an input terminal; 622, rectifier and filter circuit; 623, a clamp snubber circuit; 624, a transformer circuit; 625, a constant current circuit; 626, the output of the rectifier circuit; 7, a controller; 71, a first detector; 72, a second detector; 73, a third detector; 74, switch control circuit; 741, a power supply unit; 742, indicator; Kl, a first relay; Ql,, transistor; Rll, i ^ a first resistor; R12, a twelfth resistor ; D11, a first diode ^^; C11, a second capacitor ^^; T2, a second transformer; D, rectifier bridge; 8, atomizing means; 9, piston structure; 91, the push rod; 92, third one-way valves; 93, pressurized Li; 94, slider; the RP, the potentiometer.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0029]以下结合附图对本发明作进一步详细说明。 [0029] conjunction with the drawings of the present invention will be further described in detail.

[0030]实施例:如图1所示,一种补水仪,包括储水箱I,储水箱I包括杀菌室11和雾化室 [0030] Example: As shown in A in FIG. 1 replenishment device, comprising a storage tank I, I tank comprises sterilization chamber 11 and the spray chamber

12。 12. 杀菌室11和雾化室12通过一隔板13分隔成上下位置。 Atomization chamber 11 and the sterilization chamber 12 is divided into a partition plate 13 through the vertical position. 隔板13上设置有第一单向阀21,单向阀结构可以由阀门和弹性件构成,弹性件通过其自身的弹性将阀门封闭在阀门口上,反向驱动弹性件则无法打开阀门。 Partition plate 13 is provided on the first one-way valve 21, the check valve and the valve structure may be constituted by an elastic member, the elastic member by its own elasticity in the valve closing the valve opening, the elastic member can not be driven in reverse to open the valve. 弹性件可以是弹性材料制成的橡胶或是扭簧之类的器件。 The resilient member may be a torsion spring or a rubber-like device made of an elastic material.

[0031] 储水箱I的侧壁上设置有与雾化室12连通的出雾口34,出雾口34的另一端连通有出雾通道31,出雾通道31的出口上连接有雾化片33,雾化片33上具有雾化孔。 [0031] I is provided on a side wall of the tank port in communication with a fog of the atomization chamber 12 34, the other end of the fog port 34 communicates with a channel 31 out of the fog, the fog channel is connected to the outlet 31 of the atomizer 33, having a spray atomizer hole 33. 雾化室12的侧壁上还设有第二单向阀22,第二单向阀22连通有补气通道32,补气通道32上设置有活塞结构9 ο Atomization chamber 12 is also provided on the sidewalls of the second check valve 22, second check valve 22 communicates with a passage 32 qi, qi channel 32 is provided on the piston structure 9 ο

[0032] 如图3-5所示,活塞结构9包括推杆91、第三单向阀92。 [0032] shown in Figure 3-5, the piston arrangement 9 comprises a ram 91, the third check valve 92. 推杆91固定于第三单向阀92上,第三单向阀92用以在推杆91上升时打开或推杆91下移时关闭。 Push rod 91 is fixed to the third check valve 92, the third check valve 92 to open or close down the push rod 91 when the plunger 91 rises. 推杆91通过连接筋固定在中间的阀门口上,由于活塞的外侧壁和补气通道32是密封的,当活塞结构9向下运动的时候,第三单向阀92关闭,当活塞杆向上运动的时候,此时由于上部气压大于或等于下部气压,则第三单向阀92打开,可以让空气进入,通过推动推杆91,而将空气压入雾化室12内。 The push rod 91 is fixed by means of connecting ribs in the middle of the valve opening, since the outer side wall of the piston and the supplemental gas passage 32 is sealed, when the downward movement of the piston arrangement 9, the third check valve 92 is closed, upward movement of the piston rod when, at this time since the upper pressure equal to or greater than a lower pressure, the third one-way valve 92 is opened, allowing air to enter, by pushing the push rod 91, and the atomization air pressure into the chamber 12.

[0033] 为了能够有效调节气压,并且能够有效防止外部空气中的细菌,则通过将杀菌室11上方的空气补入雾化室12内,则可以利用杀菌室11内的紫外灯装置6对杀菌室11内的空气也进行了杀菌,同时将此空气补入到雾化室12内,从而使得雾化室12内的气压升高,一是可以关闭第一单向阀21,二是通过第二单向阀22提高雾化室12内气压,从而能推动雾化水汽由出雾通道31喷出,能够起到洁净的雾化水汽。 [0033] In order to effectively adjust the air pressure, and can effectively prevent bacterial outside air, through the air above the sterilization chamber 11 up into the spray chamber 12, the ultraviolet lamp may be utilized within the sterilization chamber 11 means 6 sterilization the air in the sterilization chamber 11 is also conducted, while the atomizing air up into this chamber 12, so that the air pressure within the atomization chamber 12 rises, one can close the first check valve 21, through the first two two-way valve 22 increase the pressure within the atomization chamber 12, which can promote the atomization of water vapor passage 31 is jetted from a mist, atomized vapor can play clean.

[0034] 杀菌室11的侧壁上设有与补气通道32连接的补气口35,补气口35设置于杀菌室11的储水液面之上。 It is provided on the side wall [0034] 11 of the sterilization chamber 32 and the supplemental gas passage opening 35 connected qi, qi port 35 disposed above the reservoir liquid level 11 of the sterilization chamber.

[0035]如图6、7所示,为活塞结构9的第二种实施方式:活塞结构9好可以是采用滑块94在补气通道32上进行滑动以调节雾化室12内的气压。 [0035] As shown in FIG 6 and 7, the second embodiment of the piston arrangement 9: piston arrangement 9 may be a good use of the slider 94 slides on the supplemental gas passage 32 to regulate the air pressure within the atomization chamber 12. 可以采用密封薄膜进行密封。 Sealing film seals may be employed.

[0036] 雾化电路上还设置有用以控制其工作的控制器7,控制器7包括用以检测阈值水位的第一检测器71、用以检测低水位的第二检测器72、设置于雾化室12底部的第三检测器73、用以在阈值水位时进行接通雾化电路电源或在低水位时断开雾化电路电源的开关控制电路74。 [0036] Also provided is useful to control its operation on the atomization controller circuit 7, the controller 7 includes a threshold value for detecting a first level detector 71 to detect a second low water level detector 72 is provided in the fog the bottom of the chamber 12 of the third detector 73, the power supply circuit for performing oN atomization when the threshold level or power off the switch circuit atomizer control circuit 74 at low level.

[0037] 通过上述设置,雾化电路采用超声波雾化器,则通过对雾化室12内的净化水的水位进行检测,在一个合理的水位下,超声波雾化器的雾化效果更佳,所以需要对此水位进行控制,超过阈值水位的情况下,超声波雾化器进行工作,知道将水位控制无法雾化的水位时才停止雾化,如果需要再次雾化,则可以由杀菌室11内的净化水进行补充。 [0037] With the above arrangement, the circuit atomization ultrasonic nebulizer, the water level of the purified water through the spray chamber 12 is detected, at a reasonable level, better atomization ultrasonic nebulizer, in this regard it is necessary to control the water level, water level exceeds the threshold value of ultrasonic nebulizer to work, to know the water level control not only stop the spray of water spray, spray again if needed, can be made within the sterilization chamber 11 the purified water to supplement.

[0038] 开关控制电路74包括电源部741、第一继电器K1、三极管Ql、指示灯742、第^^一电阻R11、第十二电阻R12。 [0038] The switch control circuit 74 includes a power supply section 741, the first relay K1, Ql, transistors, LEDs 742, ^^ a first resistor R11, a twelfth resistor R12. 电源部741的正极连接第一继电器Kl的线圈、通过第十一电阻Rll连接第一继电器Kl的第二常开触点和第一检测器71;指示灯742并联在第一继电器Kl的线圈上; LEDs 742 are connected in parallel to the coil of the first relay Kl; positive coil power supply unit 741 is connected to a first relay Kl connected through a first relay Kl eleventh resistor Rll second normally open contact and the first detector 71 ;

第一继电器Kl的第二常开触点的另一端连接第二检测器72;第三检测器73连接三极管Ql的基极、通过第十二电阻R12连接三极管Ql的发射极;第一继电器Kl的线圈的另一端连接三极管Ql的集电极;三极管Ql的发射极连接电源部741的负极;第一继电器Kl的第一常开触点串接在雾化电路的供电回路上。 The other end of the second normally open contact of the first relay Kl connected to the second detector 72; third detector 73 is connected to emitter of transistor Ql's base of transistor Ql is connected via a twelfth resistor R12 electrode; a first relay Kl the other end of the coil connected to the collector of transistor Ql; emitter of transistor Ql is connected to the negative power supply section 741; a first relay Kl normally open contacts in series with a first power supply circuit loop atomization.

[0039] 通过上述设置,开关控制电路74采用电路元件以及连接结构,电源部741通电之后,可以进行对应的检测和控制工作,以实现有效的水位调节,以提高雾化器的雾化能力,节省超声波雾化器不必要的工作水位。 After [0039] With the above arrangement, the switching control circuit 74 and a connection structure using circuit elements, power supply unit 741 can be performed corresponding detection and control, to achieve effective water level regulator, the ability to improve atomization nebulizer, ultrasonic nebulizer save unnecessary work level.

[0040] 如图2所示,LED紫外灯61上设有散热铝板611和透镜612。 [0040] As shown in FIG 2, with cooling on an aluminum plate 611 and the lens 612 LED ultraviolet lamp 61. JS-W1-PKG52由于LED紫外灯61工作过程也会产生热量,此热量不利于LED紫外灯61的寿命,所以通过散热铝片进行散热;透镜612可以防止紫外线的散射,对紫外光具有汇聚的作用。 JS-W1-PKG52 the LED ultraviolet lamp 61 during operation will generate heat, this heat is not conducive to the lifetime of the LED ultraviolet lamp 61, it is dissipated through the heat dissipation aluminum sheet; lens 612 can be prevented from scattering of ultraviolet rays, ultraviolet light having a convergence of effect.

[0041] 如图8所述,控制器7包括第一检测器71、第二检测器72、第三检测器73以及开关控制电路74。 [0041] FIG. 8, the controller 7 includes a first detector 71, second detector 72, a third detector 73 and a switch control circuit 74.

[0042] 第一检测器71设置在a处的位置,用以检测阈值水位,其可以为金属导体探针。 [0042] The first detector 71 is provided at a position for detection threshold level, which may be a metal conductive probe. 第二检测器72设置在b处的位置,用以检测低水位,其可以为金属导体探针。 The second detector 72 is provided at a position b, to detect the low level, which may be a metal conductive probe. 设置在c处的位置,此位置可以是雾化室12的底部。 C provided at the position, this position can be the bottom of the atomization chamber 12. 开关控制电路74用以在阈值水位时接通雾化电路的电源或在低水位时断开雾化电路的电源。 The switching control circuit 74 for power-on atomization in water or disconnect threshold circuit when the low water atomized power supply circuit.

[0043] 开关控制电路74具体电路如下:包括电源部741、第一继电器Kl、三极管Ql、指示灯742、第^^一电阻R11、第十二电阻R12。 [0043] DETAILED circuit switching control circuit 74 as follows: a power supply section 741, a first relay Kl, Ql, transistors, LEDs 742, ^^ a first resistor R11, a twelfth resistor R12.

[0044] 电源部741包括第二变压器T2和整流桥D,第二变压器T2的一侧用以连接外部电源,第二变压器T2的另一侧用以连接整流桥D。 [0044] The power supply section 741 includes a second transformer T2 and D of the rectifier bridge, side of the second transformer T2 is connected to an external power source, the other side of the second transformer T2 is connected to the bridge rectifier D. 交流220V电压经第二变压器T2降压,整流桥D整流和第i^一电容Cl I器滤波后,产生直流12V电压,供给后级电路。 220V AC voltage by the second step-down transformer T2, a rectifier bridge rectifier D and a capacitor Cl I i ^ is filtered to produce a DC voltage of 12V, is supplied post-stage circuit.

[0045] 电源部741的正极连接第一继电器Kl的线圈、通过第十一电阻Rll连接第一继电器Kl的第二常开触点和第一检测器71;指示灯742并联在第一继电器Kl线圈上;第一继电器Kl的第二常开触点的另一端连接第二检测器72;第三检测器73连接三极管Ql的基极、通过第十二电阻R12连接三极管Ql的发射极;第一继电器Kl的线圈的另一端连接三极管Ql的集电极;三极管Ql的发射极连接电源部741的负极;第一继电器Kl的第一常开触点串接在第一开关的供电回路上。 A second normally connected to the positive [0045] The power supply coil portion 741 of the first relay Kl connected through a first relay Kl eleventh resistor Rll open contact 71 and a first detector; indicator 742 in parallel with the first relay Kl on the coil; the other end of the second normally-open contact of the first relay Kl connected to the second detector 72; third detector 73 is connected to the base electrode of the transistor Ql, connected to emitter of transistor Ql is connected via a twelfth resistor R12; first the other end of the coil of the relay Kl is connected to a collector of the transistor Ql; the emitter of transistor Ql is connected to the negative power supply section 741; a first relay Kl normally open contacts in series with a first power supply loop of the first switch. 第一继电器Kl的线圈上并联有第十一二极管D11。 An eleventh diode D11 connected in parallel to the coil of the first relay Kl. 电源部741的正极和负极上并联有电容器Cl。 A capacitor Cl connected in parallel to positive and negative power supply section 741. 指示灯742742采用LED灯珠。 LED lamp using LEDs 742,742.

[0046] 控制器7的工作原理如下:在雾化室12内液位低于b点位置时,三极管QI的基极电位与发射极电位相同而处于截止状态,第一继电器Kl不动作,其第一常开触点Kl-1和第二常开触点K1-2断开。 Working Principle [0046] The controller 7 is as follows: when the level is below the atomization chamber 12 the position of the point b, the base potential of the transistor QI and emit the same electric potential in the OFF state, operation is not the first relay Kl which a first normally open contacts Kl-1 and a second normally open contact K1-2 disconnected.

[0047] 当雾化室12内液位到达a处时,+12V电压经第^^一电阻Rl 1、第一检测器71、液体的导电电阻和第三检测器73加至三极管Ql的基极,使三极管Ql正偏导通,第一继电器Kl通电工作,其第一常开触点Kl-1和第二常开触点K1-2接通,雾化电路进行工作。 [0047] When the atomization chamber 12 reaches a level at, + 12V voltage via a first resistor ^^ Rl 1, a first detector 71, the conductive resistance of the liquid and the third detector 73 is added to the base of transistor Ql pole, so that forward bias transistor Ql is turned on, the first relay Kl is energized work, a first normally open contact Kl-1 and a second normally open contact K1-2 turned on, the atomization circuit operates.

[0048] 当雾化室12内液位下降至b位置以下时,三极管QI又因基极电位与发射极电位相同而截止,第一继电器Kl释放。 [0048] When the atomizer chamber 12 to a level drops below the position b, the base potential of the transistor QI and the emitter because of the same electric potential is turned off, the first relay Kl release.

[0049] 结合图9所示,紫外灯装置6包括LED紫外灯61以及驱动电路62,驱动电路62包括电源输入端621、整流滤波电路622、箝位吸收电路623、变压电路624、恒流电路625和整流输出电路626。 [0049] in conjunction with FIG. 9, the ultraviolet lamp unit 6 comprises a UV lamp 61 and the LED driving circuit 62, driving circuit 62 includes a power input terminal 621, rectifier and filter circuit 622, a clamp snubber circuit 623, the transformer circuit 624, a constant current the rectifier circuit 625 and the output circuit 626. 电源输出端用以连接外部电源,外部电源可以是蓄电池。 Power output for connection to an external power source, external power source may be a battery.

[0050] 整流滤波电路622连接电源输入端621,用以将交流电进行整流和滤波处理。 [0050] The rectifier and filter circuit 622 connected to a power input terminal 621, for rectifying and filtering the alternating process. 输入端如果是DC电压从“+48V、GNG”两端进来通过电阻Rl,此电阻的作用是限流,若后面的线路出现短路时,电阻Rl流过的电流就会增大,随之两端压降跟着增大,当超过IW时就会自动断开,阻值增加至无穷大,从而达到保护输入电路+48V不受到负载的影响)限流后进入整流桥D,电阻Rl与压敏电阻RV构成了一个简单过压保护电路,RV是一个压敏元件,是利用具有非线性的半导体材料制作的而成,其伏安特性与稳压二极管差不多,正常情况显高阻抗状态,流过的电流很少,当电压高到一定的时候(主要是指尖峰浪涌,如打雷的时候高脉冲串通过市电串入进来),压敏RV会显现短路状态,直接截取整个输入总电流,使后面的电路停止工作,此时,由于所有电流将流过Rl和RV,因Rl只有IW的功率,所以瞬间可以开路,从而保护了整个电路不被损坏。 If the input is a DC voltage coming via the resistor Rl, the effect of this current limiting resistor from both ends of the "+ 48V, GNG", if the back of the line short-circuited, current flows through resistor Rl will increase, followed by two end followed by drop increases, when exceeding IW is automatically disconnected, the resistance increased to infinity, so as to protect + 48V input circuit is not affected by the load) after entering the flow restrictor bridge rectifier D, the varistor resistance Rl RV constitutes a single overvoltage protection circuit, RV is a pressure-sensitive element is made using a semiconductor material having non-linear, and the voltage characteristics similar zener diode, normally substantially high impedance state, flows few current, when the voltage is high to a certain time (mainly refers to the peak surge, such as thunder when high burst in through the city electric train), the pressure-sensitive RV will appear shorted state, the total current is directly taken entire input, so that the latter circuit stops working, this time, since all of the current will flow through the RV and Rl, Rl because only IW of power, the moment can be opened, thereby protecting the entire circuit is not damaged.

[0051]当交流AC输入时,则桥式整流器是利用二极管的单向导通性进行整流的最常用的电路,将交流电转变为直流电。 [0051] When the AC AC input, the use of a diode bridge rectifier is unidirectional most commonly used circuit continuity for rectifying the alternating current into direct current. 当直流DC (+48V)电压直接进入整流桥DBD时,输出一个上正下负的直流电压,如果+48V电源本身也是直流的,那整流桥D的作用就是对输入起到的是极性保护作用,无论输入是上正下负还是上负下正都不会损坏驱动电源,通过C1\C2\L1进行滤波,此为一个LCn型滤波电路,目的是将整流后的电压波形平滑的直流电。 When the DC current (+ 48V) voltage rectifier bridge directly into the DBD, the positive output of a negative DC voltage, if the + 48V DC power supply itself, it is the role of the rectifier bridge D is input polarity protection functions action, whether the input is positive or the negative negative positive power will not damage the drive, C2 \ L1 by filtering a C1 \, this is a LCn-type filter circuit, the purpose of the voltage waveform is rectified and smoothed direct current.

[0052] 箝位吸收电路623连接变压电路624上,用以对整流滤波电路622的输出进行电压限制,对变压电路624上的过高电压进行吸收。 [0052] clamping circuit 623 connected to the pressure swing absorption circuit 624 for rectifying the output voltage of the filter circuit 622 limits the voltage on the high voltage transforming circuit 624 is absorbed.

[0053] 箝路电路存在的理由其实就是保护IC芯片里面的MOS管,其过程为整流滤波以后的电压分成2路,一路通过变压器绕组后进入IC芯片Ul的TK5401的第7、8脚,这路是通过R1、C3、D2然后也连到7、8脚,这个R1、C3、D2就组成了一个简单的箝位电路,主要功能就是用来吸收尖峰和浪涌的,和RV压敏电阻作用不同的是,RV主要是防止打雷或者市电冲击起到保护作用,箝位功能是吸收变压器TRANS2-2绕组两端的反向电动势,消除自激振荡,起到快速复位作用,为变压器一个周期做准备,如果变压器得不到复位就会饱和,会失去感抗,Rl和C3组成了一个RC充放电回路,用来反向积累的电动势,D2主要是隔离作用,变压器在正半周的时,感应电动势为上正下负时,使整过环路处于断开状态,而变压器进入负半周时,给箝位电路提供通路,快速将电动势环路处于断开状态,而 [0053] The reason for the presence of clamp circuit path is actually protect the IC chip inside the MOS transistor, after which the process is rectified and filtered voltage is divided into two parts, one through the access after the IC chip Ul transformer winding legs 7,8 TK5401, which passage through R1, C3, D2 and also connected to pin 7, 8, the R1, C3, D2 to form a simple clamping circuit, the main function is to absorb the spikes and surges, and the varistor RV different role, RV mainly to prevent electricity shock or thunder protect clamping function is to absorb counter electromotive force across the transformer winding TRANS2-2 eliminate self-excited oscillation, as a quick reset is active, a cycle the transformer to prepare not reset if the transformer is saturated, the inductance will lose, Rl and C3 constitute a RC charge-discharge circuit, the reverse electromotive force for accumulation, D2 main isolation transformer at the timing of the half cycle, when induced electromotive force is positive on the negative, so that the entire loop through the OFF state, while the transformer into the negative half-cycle, providing access to the clamp circuit, the electromotive force quickly loop in an open state, and 变压器进入负半周时,给箝位电路提供通路,快速将电动势释放,从而达到保护IC里头的MOS管不被尖峰击穿而损坏。 Enters the negative half cycle of the transformer, the clamping circuit provides a path to quickly release the electromotive force, so as to protect the inside of the MOS IC breakdown spike tube is not damaged.

[0054] 芯片Ul的工作原理:这款IC—TK5401驱动器,主要的特点是为无需在应用电路上使用电解电容器而设计的。 Working Principle [0054] The chip Ul: The drive IC-TK5401, main features without the use of electrolytic capacitors for use in circuit design. 该IC的主要特点是高低电压过流保护补偿,不需要电解电容的高PF值。 The main features of the low voltage overcurrent protection IC is compensated, no electrolytic capacitors high PF value. 内置高电压功率MOS管650/1.9欧姆,支持通用交流输入电压AC85V—265V,该IC的驱动电路62通过脉冲检测漏电流峰值,在D/ST (7脚,8脚)端电压高于OCP电压时关闭功率MOS管,漏电流保护连接在s/ocp (I脚)和GND (3脚)间的电流采样电阻。 Built-in high voltage power MOS 650 / 1.9 ohm, supports universal AC input voltage AC85V-265V, the drive IC circuit 62 by a pulse peak detector leakage current, the D / ST (7 feet, 8 feet) OCP terminal voltage is higher than the voltage a closed power MOS, the drain current protection is connected in s / ocp (I feet) and GND current sampling resistor (3 feet) between. 当采样电阻的压降达至IjOCP电压阀值,就关闭功率MSG管。 When the voltage drop up to IjOCP sampling resistor voltage threshold, the power MSG closed tube.

[0055] 通俗一点说,该电路的变压器采用反激式工作方式,即变压器的初级和次级的相位是相反的,在同一时间,两者相关180度。 [0055] Popular point, the circuit of the transformer flyback mode of operation, i.e., primary and secondary phases of the transformer is reversed, at the same time, both the correlation 180 degrees.

[0056] 第一次变换的建立:当UI上电,通过7、8脚连通的内部启动电路给供电,使用Ul开始工作,此时Ul将输出方波脉冲传递给Ul内部MOS管的“G极”也叫栅极,使D极和S极接通,这时D极和S级等电位,而S极又是接地的,等于把变压器的一端瞬间接地,从而产生回路,变压器是感性元件,电流不能突变,所以它自身会产生感抗来阻止电流突变。 [0056] Establishment of primary conversion: UI when powered on, power supply to the starting circuit through the internal communication of the 7,8 foot, to work using Ul, Ul case the output square wave pulse is transmitted to "G Ul internal MOS transistor pole "also known as a gate, so that D and S poles is turned on, then D and S pole equipotential level, while the S pole is grounded, the moment is equal to the one end of the grounding transformer, thereby generating circuit, the inductive element is a transformer The current can not change suddenly, so it will produce its own inductive reactance to prevent current mutation. 按照线性的曲线进行变化,慢慢上升,为了能够阻止它突然,它会产生一个与它相反的感应电压势来抑制它,这样一来,下面的绕组和次组绕组就会跟着产生电动势,从而产生电压,电一磁一电转换的机理也在于此,当然这是变压器和磁性材料本身具有的特性。 Changes according to a linear curve, gradually increases, in order to stop it abruptly, which generates a voltage with its potential to inhibit the induced opposite it, so that, following winding and a secondary set of windings will follow electromotive force is generated, whereby generating a voltage, a magneto-electric mechanism of conversion is also limited, which is of course a transformer and a magnetic material itself has characteristics.

[0057] 第二次变换的建立:当变压器下面的绕组产生电动势以后(我们通常把它叫着正反馈供电绕组),通过D3整流,R3限流,再经C4滤波后分成二路进行供电,一路给Ul的第2脚供电,另一路给光电耦合器件PC817供电,当第2脚开始供电时,Ul内部的整个PWM供电控制系统将自动转到由正反馈绕组供电,使内部振荡电路继续工作,从而输出第2个脉冲控制信息,使MOS管开次开通,如此周而复始的使用MOS不断的处理开和关状态进而让变压器工作在电-磁-电的转换状态。 [0057] establishing a second transformation: When following the transformer winding generates an electromotive force (which we usually cried supply positive feedback winding), rectified by D3, R3 limiting, and then divided into C4 filter powered Road, pin all the way to the second power of Ul, another way to the photocoupler PC817 power supply device, when the power supply starts the second leg, the entire power supply PWM control system will automatically go inside Ul positive feedback winding from the power supply, the internal oscillation circuit continues to operate , thereby outputting the second pulse control information, so that the opening of the MOS transistor open times, so the cycle continues to use MOS processing and off states thereby allowing the electrical transformer work - magnetic - electric conversion state.

[0058] 图10是芯片TK5401工作时序。 [0058] FIG. 10 is an operation timing TK5401 chip. Vbridge是芯片I脚电压,Vcc是芯片2脚电压,V和I为芯片7脚的电压和电流。 I pin is a chip Vbridge voltage, Vcc voltage pin of the chip 2, V and I chip 7 pin voltage and current.

[0059] Ul的每个引脚功能,8脚为MOS输入端,6脚是空脚,5脚外接的电容是振荡电容,直接决定了RC时间常数,就是充放电时间,一般充电MOS管是接通时间,放电是断开时间,4脚是电压检测脚,通过对4脚的电压值控制输出脉冲的占空比,3脚接地端,2脚是Ul供电脚,第I脚外接的电阻和第5脚的电容组成了RC电路,给Ul内部提供振荡源,脉冲的充放电时间常直接由这个电阻和电容决定。 [0059] Ul function of each pin, pin 8 is a MOS input terminal, pin 6 is empty feet, 5 feet external oscillation capacitor capacitance is directly determine the RC time constant is the time of charging and discharging, charging MOS transistor is generally on-time, off-time is the discharge, the voltage detection pin 4 feet, the voltage value of the control duty ratio of the output pulse of the foot 4, the ground terminal pin 3, pin 2 is the power supply pin Ul, the resistance of the first pin external I 5 and the capacitance of the RC circuit is composed of feet, to provide an internal oscillator Ul, pulse charge and discharge time constant determined by the direct resistance and capacitance. 4脚外接的光耦PC817,另一端PC817和输出电路R4两端相并联,R7在这里是起到检测电流的作用,根据电压=电流*电阻的原理,电流越大,R4两端的电压就会越大,电压越大,那么并连到R4两端的PC817也会有电压并且开始导通,导通后副边的RV也会跟着导通,就是它内阻下降,这样一来第4脚的电压就会上升,上升以后与Ul里面的基础电压相对比,然后会直接输出一个信号使MOS管提成关断,从而达到恒流目的。 External pin. 4 optocoupler PC817, PC817 ends and the other end of the output circuit in parallel R4, R7 here functions as a current detector, according to the principle of voltage = current * resistance, the greater the current, the voltage across R4 will , the greater the voltage, and then connected to opposite sides of PC817 R4 will start conducting and the voltage, the secondary side of the RV is turned oN will follow, which resistance is decreased, so that the fourth leg voltage will rise, and after the rise of the base voltage Ul inside relative ratio, then a signal is output directly commission that the MOS transistor is turned off, so as to achieve the purpose of the constant current.

[0060] 恒流电路625连接变压电路624,用以控制变压电路624进行恒流输出。 [0060] The constant current circuit 625 connected to the transformer circuit 624, the transformer circuit 624 for controlling the constant current output. 整流输出电路626连接变压电路624,用以对恒流输出进行再次整流输出。 The output circuit 626 connected to the transformer rectifier circuit 624 for rectifying the output of the constant current output again. 整流输出电路626连接LED紫外灯61。 LED 626 connected to the rectifier output circuit 61 UV lamp.

[0061] 变压器工作以后,次级就会输出一个电压通过D4整流,CS和LI进行滤波,然后给LED灯进行供电,这里的LI除了能够滤波,还有续流的作用,就是保持输出电流的一致性,正是利用电感中的电流不能突然这一特性。 [0061] After working the transformer secondary voltage is output through a rectifier D4, CS, and LI filtered, and then supplying power to the LED lamp, where the LI addition to filtering, as well as a freewheeling effect is to keep the output current consistency, the current in the inductor is the use of this feature can not be sudden.

[0062] 采用驱动电路62和LED紫外灯61,更加体现节能理念,由于LED紫外灯61功耗较低,杀菌效果好,并且采用恒流驱动,输出稳定的电流以驱动LED紫外灯61工作,提高杀菌效果和LED紫外灯61的使用寿命。 [0062] The LED driving circuit 62 and the ultraviolet lamp 61, reflect more energy-saving concept, since the LED ultraviolet lamp 61 is low power consumption, good sterilization effect, and the constant current drive, a stable output current to drive the LED 61 UV lamp working, bactericidal effect and improve the life of LED ultraviolet lamp 61.

[0063] LED紫外灯61上还并联有电位器RP。 [0063] 61 further has parallel LED ultraviolet lamp potentiometer RP. 通过调节电位器RP的自身阻值,可以改变并联电路的分流大小,从而可以适当的调节对LED紫外灯61的杀菌力度。 By adjusting the potentiometer resistance RP of itself, you can change the size of the parallel shunt circuit can be appropriately adjusted so that the intensity of the germicidal UV LED lamp 61. 流过LED紫外灯61的电流越大,则LED紫外灯61光照强度越大,则杀菌效果提高。 The larger the current flowing through the LED ultraviolet lamp 61, the LED light intensity larger ultraviolet lamp 61, the sterilizing effect is improved. 此过程均限制在有效的杀菌强度的调节范围内。 This procedure was limited within the effective range of adjustment of the intensity of the sterilization.

[0064] 电源部741的正极和负极上并联有第十一电容C11。 [0064] The power supply unit of the eleventh capacitor C11 is connected in parallel on the positive and negative electrodes 741. 此第十一电容Cll可以改善电源部741输出电流的稳定性。 This eleventh capacitor Cll power supply unit 741 may improve stability of the output current. 指示灯742采用LED灯珠。 LED indicator light 742 using the beads. LED灯珠具有较低的功耗。 LED lamp having a lower power consumption. 电源部741包括第二变压器T2和整流桥D,第二变压器T2的一侧用以连接外部电源,第二变压器T2的另一侧用以连接整流桥D。 A second power source unit 741 includes a transformer T2 and a rectifier bridge D, the side of the second transformer T2 is connected to an external power source, the other side of the second transformer T2 is connected to the bridge rectifier D. 可以适用外部不同的电源电压,通过第二变压器T2进行降压,通过整流桥D将交流电转换为直流电为后级电路进行供电。 Can be applied to different external power supply voltage, the second step-down transformer T2, by the rectifier bridge D converts the AC power to power the DC power to the post-stage circuit.

[0065] 紫外灯装置6由上之下照射水体,对水体进行全面的杀菌,杀菌后的水体通过改变杀菌室11的内压和雾化室12之间的气压差,当杀菌室11内的气压大于雾化室12,则水体从第一单向阀21中流入到雾化室12内,雾化室12内的雾化装置8可以将水体进行雾化,雾化后的水体由出雾通道31排除,出雾通道31上的雾化片33进一步对雾气进行分割,从而形成更加小的水汽,补气通道32可以对雾化室12内的气压进行调节,从而可以进行有效的喷雾动作。 [0065] UV lamp means 6 by the irradiation of the water beneath the body of water to conduct a comprehensive sterilization, the water after sterilization by varying the sterilization chamber pressure atomizing chamber 11 air pressure between the 12 difference, when the sterilization chamber 11 atomization chamber pressures greater than 12, the water 21 flows into the atomizing chamber 12 from the first one-way valve, the atomizing device 12 of the atomizing chamber 8 can be water atomized, the atomized water mist out excluded channel 31, out of the fog on the atomization channel 3133 further divided mist, thereby forming a water vapor even smaller, supplemental gas passage 32 can be adjusted for the air pressure within the atomization chamber 12, so that spraying action can be effectively . 此过程没有采用加热的方式产生水汽,能耗较低,并且进行有效的杀菌处理,更加节能环保。 This process does not produce water vapor by way of heating, energy consumption is low, and efficient sterilization treatment, more environmentally friendly.

[0066] 本具体实施例仅仅是对本发明的解释,其并不是对本发明的限制,本领域技术人员在阅读完本说明书后可以根据需要对本实施例做出没有创造性贡献的修改,但只要在本发明的权利要求范围内都受到专利法的保护。 [0066] The present embodiment is only illustrative of the present invention, and are not restrictive of the invention, those skilled in the art upon reading this specification modifications may be made without inventive contribution of the present embodiment as needed, as long as in the present within the scope of the claims of the invention are protected by patent law.

Claims (10)

1.一种补水仪,包括储水箱(I),其特征在于:所述储水箱(I)包括杀菌室(11)和雾化室(12),杀菌室(11)和雾化室(12)通过一隔板(13)分隔成上下位置,所述隔板(13)上设置有第一单向阀(21),所述储水箱⑴的侧壁上设置有与雾化室(12)连通的出雾口(34),所述出雾口(34)的另一端连通有出雾通道(31),出雾通道(31)的出口上连接有雾化片(33),雾化室(12)的侧壁上还设有第二单向阀(22),所述第二单向阀(22)连通有补气通道(32),补气通道(32)上设置有活塞结构(9),第一单向阀(21)用以将杀菌室(11)内的水排放到雾化室(12)中,活塞结构⑶用以将外界空气通过第二单向阀(22)推入雾化室(12)内,所述杀菌室(11)的顶部中央设置有紫外灯装置(6),所述雾化室(12)的底部设置有雾化装置(8)。 A replenishment apparatus comprising the tank (I), wherein: said storage tank (I) comprises a sterilization chamber (11) and atomizing chamber (12), sterilization chamber (11) and atomizing chamber (12 ) (13) into a vertical position by a separator, said separator (13) is provided with a first check valve (21), provided with said atomization chamber (12 on the side wall of the tank ⑴) fog communication port (34), the other end of the mist outlet (34) communicated with the mist passage (31) is connected to the atomization plate (33), the mist spray chamber outlet passage (31) there is also a second check valve (22), said second check valve (22) communicating with a supplemental gas passage (32), qi channel (32) on the side wall (12) is provided on the piston structure ( 9), first check valve (21) for the discharge of water in the sterilization chamber (11) to the atomization chamber 12) (the piston structure to the ambient air through ⑶ (22) pushes the second check valve within the atomizing chamber (12), the top of the sterilization chamber (11) is provided with a central ultraviolet lamp means (6), the bottom of the atomizing chamber (12) is provided with atomizing means (8).
2.根据权利要求1所述的补水仪,其特征在于:所述活塞结构(9)包括推杆(91)、第三单向阀(92),所述推杆(91)固定于第三单向阀(92)上,第三单向阀(92)用以在推杆(91)上升时打开或推杆(91)下移时关闭,所述杀菌室(11)的侧壁上设有与补气通道(32)连接的补气口(35),补气口(35)设置于杀菌室(11)的储水液面之上。 A third piston is fixed to the structure (9) comprises a rod (91), third one-way valve (92), said pusher (91): The replenishment apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the one-way valve (92), third one-way valve (92) rises to open when the push rod (91) or ram (91) closed down, disposed on a side wall of said sterilization chamber (11) there qi port (35) connected to the supplemental gas passage (32), qi port (35) disposed above the sterilization chamber (11) of the storage level.
3.根据权利要求2所述的补水仪,其特征在于:所述紫外灯装置(6)包括LED紫外灯(61)以及驱动电路(62),所述驱动电路(62)包括电源输入端(621)、整流滤波电路(622)、箝位吸收电路(623)、变压电路(624)、恒流电路(625)和整流输出电路(626); 电源输出端用以连接外部电源; 整流滤波电路(622)连接电源输入端(621),用以将交流电进行整流和滤波处理; 箝位吸收电路(623)连接变压电路(624)上,用以对整流滤波电路(622)的输出进行电压限制,对变压电路(624)上的过高电压进行吸收; 恒流电路(625)连接变压电路(624),用以控制变压电路(624)进行恒流输出; 整流输出电路(626)连接变压电路(624),用以对恒流输出进行再次整流输出; 整流输出电路(626)连接LED紫外灯(61)。 Replenishment apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: said ultraviolet lamp means (6) comprises an LED ultraviolet lamp (61) and a drive circuit (62), the drive circuit (62) includes a power input terminal ( 621), rectifying and filtering circuit (622), a clamp snubber circuit (623), the transformer circuit (624), a constant current circuit (625) and the output of the rectifier circuit (626); a power output for connection to an external power supply; rectifier filter circuit (622) connected to a power supply input (621) for rectifying and filtering the AC treatment; clamp snubber circuit (623) connected to the transformer circuit (624) on to the output rectifier and filter circuit (622) is carried out voltage limit for the high voltage transformer circuit (624) absorbs; constant current circuit (625) connected to the transformer circuit (624) for controlling the transformer circuit (624) outputting a constant current; rectification output circuit ( 626) connected to the transformer circuit (624) for rectifying an output of the constant current output again; rectification output circuit (626) connected to the UV lamp LED (61).
4.根据权利要求3所述的补水仪,其特征在于:所述LED紫外灯(61)上还并联有电位器(RP) ο Replenishment apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: said upper LED ultraviolet lamp (61) is also connected in parallel with a potentiometer (RP) ο
5.根据权利要求1所述的补水仪,其特征在于:所述雾化电路上还设置有用以控制其工作的控制器(7),所述控制器(7)包括用以检测阈值水位的第一检测器(71)、用以检测低水位的第二检测器(72)、设置于雾化室(12)底部的第三检测器(73)、用以在阈值水位时进行接通雾化电路电源或在低水位时断开雾化电路电源的开关控制电路(74)。 The replenishment apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said circuit is further provided on the atomization is useful to control its operation controller (7), said controller (7) comprises means for detecting a threshold level of a first detector (71), a second detector for detecting the low water level (72), disposed in the atomization chamber (12) a third detector (73) at the bottom, to be turned on when the threshold level of haze switching power supply circuit or disconnect the power supply circuit atomized at low water level control circuit (74).
6.根据权利要求5所述的补水仪,其特征在于:所述开关控制电路(74)包括电源部(741)、第一继电器(Kl)、三极管(Ql)、指示灯(742)、第^^一电阻(Rll)、第十二电阻(R12); 电源部(741)的正极连接第一继电器(Kl)的线圈、通过第十一电阻(Rll)连接第一继电器(Kl)的第二常开触点和第一检测器(71); 指示灯(742)并联在第一继电器(Kl)的线圈上; 第一继电器(Kl)的第二常开触点的另一端连接第二检测器(72); 第三检测器(73)连接三极管(Ql)的基极、通过第十二电阻(R12)连接三极管(Ql)的发射极; 第一继电器(Kl)的线圈的另一端连接三极管(Ql)的集电极; 三极管(Ql)的发射极连接电源部(741)的负极; 第一继电器(Kl)的第一常开触点串接在雾化电路的供电回路上。 Replenishment apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: said switching control circuit (74) includes a power supply unit (741), a first relay (Kl), the transistor (Ql,), indicator (742), the first the first power supply unit (741) connected to an anode of the first relay (Kl) coil, connected to the first relay (Kl) via an eleventh resistor (Rll); a ^^ a resistor (Rll), a twelfth resistor (R12) two normally open contacts and a first detector (71); indicator (742) in parallel with the first relay (Kl) of the coil; the other end of the first relay (Kl) a second normally open contact connected to the second a detector (72); a third detector (73) connected to the transistor (Ql,) of the base, connected to emitter of transistor (Ql,) is connected via a twelfth resistor (R12); the other end of the coil of the first relay (Kl) of connected to the collector of transistor (Ql,); the emitter of the transistor (Ql,) is connected to the negative power supply pole portion (741); a first relay (Kl) is connected in series a first normally open contact atomizing supply loop circuit.
7.根据权利要求3所述的补水仪,其特征在于:所述LED紫外灯¢1)上设有散热铝板(611)和透镜(612) ο The replenishment apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that: an aluminum plate with cooling (611) and a lens (612) ο ¢ the LED ultraviolet lamp. 1)
8.根据权利要求6所述的补水仪,其特征在于:所述电源部(741)的正极和负极上并联有第i^一电容(Cll)。 8. The apparatus according to claim 6 replenishment claim, wherein: i ^ a parallel with a first capacitor (Cll) said power supply portion (741) of the positive and negative electrodes.
9.根据权利要求6所述的补水仪,其特征在于:所述指示灯(742)采用LED灯珠。 9. The apparatus as claimed in claim 6 replenishment, wherein: said indicator (742) using LED lights.
10.根据权利要求6所述的补水仪,其特征在于:所述电源部(741)包括第二变压器(T2)和整流桥⑶,第二变压器(T2)的一侧用以连接外部电源,第二变压器(T2)的另一侧用以连接整流桥⑶。 10. The replenishment device according to claim 6, wherein: said power supply unit (741) comprises a second transformer (T2) and a rectifying bridge ⑶, side of the second transformer (T2) is connected to an external power source, the other side of the second transformer (T2) is connected to the rectifier bridge ⑶.
CN201611262002.3A 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Moisturizing instrument CN106667746B (en)

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CN101451754A (en) * 2007-12-06 2009-06-10 黄仲盘;黄振隆 Ultraviolet sterilization humidifier
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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KR20030069625A (en) * 2002-02-22 2003-08-27 주식회사 기가씨앤이 Sterilizing humidifier
KR100704148B1 (en) * 2005-08-08 2007-04-06 이바도 humidifier having sterilization function
CN2879002Y (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-03-14 美的集团有限公司 Ultrasonic humidifier
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