CN106657268A - GYK remote maintenance monitoring system and implementation method - Google Patents

GYK remote maintenance monitoring system and implementation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106657268A
CN106657268A CN201611005661.9A CN201611005661A CN106657268A CN 106657268 A CN106657268 A CN 106657268A CN 201611005661 A CN201611005661 A CN 201611005661A CN 106657268 A CN106657268 A CN 106657268A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gyk
data
mobile unit
information
network
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201611005661.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾幼尧
傅天耀
刘荣富
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HANGZHOU CHUANGLIAN ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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HANGZHOU CHUANGLIAN ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Priority to CN201611005661.9A priority Critical patent/CN106657268A/en
Publication of CN106657268A publication Critical patent/CN106657268A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/08Configuration management of network or network elements
    • H04L41/0803Configuration setting of network or network elements
    • H04L41/0813Changing of configuration
    • H04L41/082Changing of configuration due to updating or upgrading of network functionality, e.g. firmware
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L63/00Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security
    • H04L63/02Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security for separating internal from external traffic, e.g. firewalls
    • H04L63/0209Architectural arrangements, e.g. perimeter networks or demilitarized zones
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L63/00Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security
    • H04L63/04Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security for providing a confidential data exchange among entities communicating through data packet networks
    • H04L63/0428Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security for providing a confidential data exchange among entities communicating through data packet networks wherein the data content is protected, e.g. by encrypting or encapsulating the payload
    • H04L63/045Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security for providing a confidential data exchange among entities communicating through data packet networks wherein the data content is protected, e.g. by encrypting or encapsulating the payload wherein the sending and receiving network entities apply hybrid encryption, i.e. combination of symmetric and asymmetric encryption
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W36/00Hand-off or reselection arrangements
    • H04W36/14Reselecting a network or an air interface
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W36/00Hand-off or reselection arrangements
    • H04W36/24Reselection being triggered by specific parameters used to improve the performance of a single terminal
    • H04W36/30Reselection being triggered by specific parameters used to improve the performance of a single terminal by measured or perceived connection quality data
    • H04W4/046

Abstract

The invention discloses a GYK remote maintenance monitoring system and an implementation method. The GYK remote maintenance monitoring system includes a vehicle device arranged on each rail car, a transmission network, a railway intranet, a ground maintenance monitoring platform and a plurality of ground user terminals. The transmission network includes a railway dedicated communication network, a common mobile communication network, a railway dedicated safe gateway and a mobile public network safe gateway. The ground maintenance monitoring platform includes a communication server and a data server. The vehicle devices, the transmission network and the railway intranet are electrically connected together in sequence. The railway intranet is connected with the communication server, the data server and the ground user terminals electrically. Each vehicle device is electrically connected with a corresponding GYK. According to the invention, real time monitoring of railway car field operation state, GYK quality condition and vehicle geographical location information is realized and a feature of timely update of GYK basic data is realized.

Description

GYK remote maintenances monitoring system and implementation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to vehicle track running control device data maintenance technical field, more particularly, to a kind of high security, The GYK remote maintenances monitoring system of high reliability and implementation method.
Background technology
Vehicle track running control device (abbreviation GYK) is for preventing railcar overspeed or crossing the signal of closing Machine, monitors the visual plant of its safe operation.
Base comprising rail track information such as station, semaphore, branch line transfer, cross-channel transfer, mileage chain rupture, section speed limits Notebook data (abbreviation GYK master datas), is basis and the foundation of operating analysis of GYK control functions.
The operating revelation scheduling such as temporary speed limitation, green licensing, clearance card, the interval operation assigned according to railway dispatching department The operating revelation (abbreviation GYK operating revelations, similarly hereinafter) of commard editor, is that GYK implements the interim foundation for controlling to vehicle track running.
GYK master datas, GYK operating revelations are the significant datas of effective control railcar safe operation, timely and effectively Data, GYK master datas are disclosed to GYK and is updated the important component part that maintenance is GYK maintenance works.
Due to railcar working in dispersion, mobile operational process, existing GYK safeguards that monitoring method has problems with:
Railcar scene cannot in real time be grasped with state, GYK quality conditions and vehicle geographical location information;Cannot be timely Update GYK master datas;Operating revelation cannot be assigned to railcar in time;Remote upgrade cannot be carried out to GYK control softwares;Nothing Method quickly provides technical support to onsite troubleshooting;Vehicle position information cannot be in time grasped, is that emergency repair and commander adjust Degree provides support etc..
The content of the invention
The goal of the invention of the present invention be in order to overcome the shortcomings of prior art in cannot realize remote maintenance, there is provided it is a kind of High security, the GYK remote maintenances monitoring system of high reliability and implementation method.
To achieve these goals, the present invention is employed the following technical solutions:
A kind of GYK remote maintenances monitoring system, including 1 mobile unit, transmission network being respectively arranged in each railcar Network, railway Intranet, ground maintenance monitoring platform and several terrestrial user terminals;The transmission network includes railway special communication Net, common mobile communication network, railway private network security gateway and mobile public network security gateway;Ground maintenance monitoring platform includes communication Server and data server;
Mobile unit, transmission network and railway Intranet are sequentially connected electrically, and railway Intranet takes respectively with the communication server, data Business device and each terrestrial user terminals electrical connection;Each mobile unit is electrically connected respectively with each GYK.
Specific implementation of the present invention is:Mobile unit Real-time Collection GYK running state informations, status information of equipment, peace The full Monitoring Data such as warning message and vehicle location;Monitoring Data is sent in real time ground dimension by mobile network for mobile unit Shield monitoring platform;Ground monitoring platform pushes GYK master datas, GYK operating revelations and GYK control softwares to mobile unit in time (abbreviation GYK data) upgrading plan;Mobile unit is received after the GYK data upgrading plans of ground maintenance monitoring platform push, Corresponding GYK data files are downloaded from ground maintenance monitoring platform;When mobile unit is connected with GYK, by the GYK data liters for receiving Level plan is pushed to GYK;GYK reminds the upgrading of driver's log-on data, driver to confirm to start after upgrading according to the upgrading plan of GYK data GYK to mobile unit asks GYK data;GYK receives GYK and safeguards data and verify execution data upgrading after legitimacy, and will rise Level result is sent to mobile unit;GYK data updating result synchronized transmissions are given ground monitoring maintenance platform by mobile unit;GYK Data edition personnel pass through GYK data edition work station editor's GYK data, and by special mobile storage device data duplication side Formula submits to GYK management service personnel;GYK management services personnel formulate GYK data upgrading plans by terrestrial user terminals, look into See GYK data upgrade cases;GYK management services personnel check GYK running state informations, equipment state by terrestrial user terminals The Monitoring Data such as information security warning message and vehicle location.
The present invention has taken into full account railcar GYK with maintenance feature, from system level to GYK remote maintenance monitoring systems Carry out global design.With reference to information protection class requirement, innovative design is carried out in terms of to security of system, reliability, with Meet GYK remote data maintenance requirements;By carrying out reality to GYK running statuses, equipment state, security alarm, vehicle location etc. When monitoring analysis, and design the RGIS (abbreviation railway GIS, similarly hereinafter) of bi-coordinate system and meet ground-based administrators In time to railcar and the monitoring requirements of GYK.
The present invention is directed to GYK security request datas, invention physical isolation, encrypted transmission, multiple check, man-computer cooperation GYK Security Data Transmissions and application method.The method will be used for the editor of GYK data, check and the work station of privately owned encryption sets Unit mode is calculated as, data source header is physically separated with system transfers network, the data file after editing and encrypting passes through Movable storage device copy mode imports terrestrial user terminals;Terrestrial user terminals are by GYK Data Encryption Transmissions to ground maintenance Monitoring platform, ground maintenance monitoring platform encrypted transmission to mobile unit, encryption herein includes asymmetric encryption and symmetrically adds Close mode, it is flat with ground maintenance monitoring platform, terrestrial user terminals and ground maintenance monitoring that asymmetric encryption is used in mobile unit Platform sets up session, and symmetric cryptography secret key during data transfer is transmitted by session, and symmetric cryptography is used in the data set up after session Transmission;The data and file of system transfers include the checking algorithms such as CRC, hash check;Except from program adopt said method Ensure outside GYK data transmission securities, when GYK data transfers are to GYK, also the accurate of data is ensured using man-computer cooperation mode Property, concrete mode is to parse GYK data contents by proprietary protocol by GYK, and driver is carried out manually to GYK data characteristicses content Verification, it is ensured that data are correct.The proprietary protocol of indication of the present invention includes the data encrypting and deciphering mode arranged and the secret key for being adopted (such as md5 encryption), the agreement (such as frame head, postamble, checking algorithm) of digital frame format, the definition of data content is (such as each byte Implication) etc..Proprietary protocol can be specifically defined according to above principle when the present invention is implemented.
The present invention is directed to rolling stock positioning requirements, design longitude and latitude geographic coordinate system and the double coordinates of rail track kilometer post The RGIS of system.By setting up, rail track information gps coordinate is corresponding with railway kilometer post coordinate to close system It is database, GPS latitude and longitude informations and railway kilometer post information is unified.When gps data cannot in vehicle operation During acquisition, system carries out GPS latitude and longitude coordinates conversions by the real-time kilometer post information that GYK is provided, and realizes that railway GIS vehicles are determined Position;Simultaneously the railway GIS pages provide vehicle real-time kilometer post location information, can better meet railway positioning service.
The present invention devises strict GYK remote data staging business frameworks for the upgrading requirement of GYK remote datas.For Ground maintenance monitoring platform is ensured using safety, system manager, safety officer, peace are pressed on System Privileges and safety management Full auditor " three members " separation of duties, mutual check and control doctrine design;Effectively embodiment system security technology is in combination with management Principle, GYK data staging business flow process is by whole real-time tracking, the design of ring-closed management principle.
The present invention is required for wireless data safe transmission, using secure communication interface designing technique, to GYK remote maintenances System communication interface is specifically designed;The present invention employs double wireless networks in wireless network transmissions method and automatically switches Mechanism, wireless module is typically configured to railway private network module and mobile public network module, in the case of railway private network is effective preferably Railway private network carries out data transmission, it is ensured that car ground data safety transmitting.
Preferably, each mobile unit includes on-vehicle host and the wireless module in on-vehicle host;Vehicle-mounted master Machine is provided with Monitoring Data acquisition function module, GYK data upgrade function modules and wireless data transceiving functional module;Use on ground Family terminal is provided with the long-range monitoring function modules of GYK, vehicle location acquisition function module, GYK remote data upgrade function modules With GYK log analytic function modules.
The communication server is used for the reception and forwarding of car ground data, and data server is used for the analysis and storage of data, and Systemic-function application service is provided for mobile unit, floor control terminal.Mobile unit passes through iron with ground maintenance monitoring platform System existing security platform in road carries out data exchange.
A kind of implementation method of GYK remote maintenances monitoring system, including the network handover routines of wireless module and double coordinates It is rail map positioning workflow;
The network handover routines of the wireless module comprise the steps:
(3-1) on each mobile unit during electricity, the wireless module opening network service of mobile unit;
(3-2) each mobile unit judges the work of each wireless module by the network signal intensity of inquiry wireless module It is whether normal;
(3-3) wireless module of each mobile unit earthward safeguards that monitoring platform sends heartbeat packet letter with the fixed cycle Breath, ground maintenance monitoring platform receives immediate answer after the heartbeat package informatin;
(3-4) on-vehicle host judges whether the corresponding network of wireless module works according to wireless module heartbeat packet response situation Normally;
(3-5) on-vehicle host receives response message time speed and packet drop according to wireless module, assesses wireless module Network transmission quality;
(3-6) on-vehicle host is according to wireless module information strength, wireless module map network working condition and wireless module Whether the factor comprehensive descision such as network transmission quality mobile network is normal, and when all-network is all working properly, on-vehicle host is excellent First select railway private network transmission data;
(3-7) when certain mobile network is abnormal, it is wirelessly transferred and automatically switches to another active block;
(3-8) when all-network is all abnormal, on-vehicle host carries out alarm by modes such as indicator lamps.
Preferably, the bi-coordinate system rail map positioning flow comprises the steps:
(4-1) on-vehicle host is using the built-in satellite positioning module collection vehicle position GPS latitude and longitude informations of on-vehicle host;
(4-2) on-vehicle host is simultaneously from rail track kilometer post information in collection vehicle position in GYK service datas;
(4-3) on-vehicle host is in real time believed the latitude and longitude information of collection with rail track kilometer post using wireless transfer channel Breath uploads ground maintenance monitoring platform;
Ground maintenance monitoring platform sets up kilometer using the latitude and longitude information of collection simultaneously with rail track kilometer post information Mark-longitude and latitude correspondence database;
(4-4) on-vehicle host sets up rail map according to latitude and longitude information;
When latitude and longitude information is invalid, using the kilometer post for establishing-longitude and latitude database, will using linear interpolation method Channel kilometer subscript conversion is latitude and longitude information, is realized according to channel kilometer mark Orientation on map.
Preferably, also including GYK Security Data Transmission flow processs;Comprise the steps:
(5-1) the data edition stage
GYK data edition work station editor's GYK data files, and encrypted using privately owned cipher mode;GYK data edition works Make station and terrestrial user terminals physical isolation, GYK data files are copied to by terrestrial user end using special mobile storage device End;
(5-2) data transfer phase
Mobile unit downloads corresponding GYK data files from ground maintenance monitoring platform;Pass through during GYK transmitting data files Digital signature and hash check technology;
(5-3) data operational phase
Mobile unit enables privately owned cipher mode and carries out secondary decryption to the GYK data files for receiving, by hash check Mode is verified to data integrity, and carries out legitimate verification by GYK data file internal feature fields;
By the qualified GYK transmitting data files of empirical tests to GYK, GYK utilizes GYK data proprietary protocol logarithms to mobile unit Parsed according to content and shown in display window;
Railcar driver carries out validity verification according to GYK data version informations and data explanation to GYK data contents, really Protect the correct reliability of GYK data.
Preferably, also including GYK remote datas upgrading flow process, comprise the steps:
(6-1) user edits data on GYK data edition work stations, generates GYK data files, and by privately owned encryption side Formula is encrypted;
(6-2) user replicates GYK data using special mobile storage device file, by GYK data files from editing Station copies to terrestrial user terminals, realizes the physical isolation of GYK data editions and GYK data is activation transmission paths;
(6-3) user fills in GYK data messages and uploads to ground maintenance monitoring platform in terrestrial user terminals;It is described GYK data messages include versions of data, brief description, the scope of application and effective date;
(6-4) GYK data management staffs formulate data upgrading plan for railcar, and upgrading plan fill substance includes rail Road license number, versions of data and plan moment;
(6-5) GYK data upgrading plan is published to ground maintenance monitoring platform Jing after examination & verification;
(6-6) upgrading plan of GYK data and data file are received when mobile unit is online immediately, when mobile unit it is offline When, next time receives immediately when online;Wherein, it is online that mobile unit and the holding of ground maintenance monitoring platform are connected, is offline car Load equipment is disconnected with ground maintenance monitoring platform;
(6-7) mobile unit to be received and verify the legitimacy of data, complete by GYK Security Data Transmissions mechanism after GYK data Property, and earthward safeguard monitoring platform return data reception condition;
(6-8) GYK data upgrading plans are sent to GYK after mobile unit checking GYK data validitys;
(6-9) GYK to be received and show plan information in display interface after data upgrading plan;
(6-10) when the GYK upgrading plan moment is reached and railcar is in dead ship condition, the GYK pages eject upgrade tip Dialog box;
(6-11) GYK data upgrading flow process is started after driver's pressing acknowledgement key, GYK to mobile unit asks corresponding GYK Data file, mobile unit to GYK sends GYK data files;
(6-12) GYK differentiates to the legitimacy of data file, and GYK data files are solved using proprietary protocol Analysis, and it is shown to the GYK pages;
(6-13) user is again according to the Information Authentication GYK numbers such as version information, brief description in GYK data upgrading plans According to legitimacy, and confirm to perform the upgrading of GYK data by button;
(6-14) after the completion of the upgrading of GYK data, eject updating result and confirm dialog box, driver confirms to updating result And earthward safeguard that upgrading flow process is completed after monitoring platform passback registration by mobile unit.
Preferably, also including GYK remote real time monitoring flow processs, comprise the steps:
(7-1) mobile unit is from GYK collection running state informations, status information of equipment, security alarm information;The operation Status information includes channel kilometer cursor position information during vehicle track running;Wherein, security alarm information is adopted when triggering immediately The mode of transmission, running state information, status information of equipment, vehicle location latitude and longitude information adopt periodicity sending method;
(7-2) GPS information that mobile unit passes through vehicle location acquisition function module collection vehicle;
(7-3) ground maintenance monitoring platform is received is carried out at classification after the monitoring information that mobile unit is returned by information category Reason, and write database preservation;
(7-4) when GPS information is invalid, mobile unit is pushed away according to the real-time kilometer post information of GYK by linear interpolation mode GPS latitude and longitude coordinates are calculated, GIS positioning is completed;
(7-5) user logs in ground maintenance monitoring platform by terrestrial user terminals, checks GYK monitoring informations and vehicle position Confidence ceases;Wherein, User logs in needs authentication, including the combined authentication mode such as USBKEY checkings, password authentification;
(7-6) GYK real-time monitorings information can be presented with list and patterned way, and vehicle position information provides trace playback Function;When GYK monitoring informations change, actively earthward user terminal is pushed ground maintenance monitoring platform;When monitoring safety During warning message, in the monitoring page prompting frame is ejected.
Preferably, also remotely returning analysis process including GYK logs, comprise the steps:
(8-1) GYK sends the log data on the same day using triggering mode to mobile unit, and the triggering mode is to work as GYK log datas are sent while GYK generation logs to mobile unit immediately;
(8-2) mobile unit is received and locally preserved after GYK log datas, and earthward safeguards that monitoring is flat immediately Platform sends GYK log datas, and when there is network interruption, log data is stored in buffer area by mobile unit, then Send immediately during secondary connection;
(8-3) log is divided in real time one by one when ground maintenance monitoring platform receives GYK log datas Analysis, analysis result write into Databasce;
(8-4) when GYK shuts down, mobile unit and ground maintenance monitoring platform are generated according to GYK log sheets and advised Then, the log data on the same day is generated into GYK log sheets;
(8-5) user passes through terrestrial user terminals GYK log analytic function module analysis GYK log sheets, Check log analysis result, it is possible to which log is analyzed into locally downloading preservation;
(8-6) in start every time, earthward monitoring and maintenance platform sends local runtime recording data files row to mobile unit Table;
If because of network reason, history log does not upload to ground maintenance monitoring platform, and user passes through terrestrial user end Hold and ask the history log file specified of passback to mobile unit by listed files, when mobile unit receives request earthward Safeguard that monitoring platform is uploaded.
Preferably, also including that session secret key is produced and peer-entities checking flow process, comprise the steps:
Calling party produces the random number RA of 64, generates message AU1 by RA and is sent to callee;
Callee produces random number R B of 64, and RA, RB and certification secret key KAB generate session secret key KS jointly, by KS generates AU2 and replies to calling party;The certification secret key is the privately owned secret key that communicating pair is arranged in advance;
Calling party is received after callee AU2, extracts RB, and RA, RB and certification secret key KAB generate session secret key KS jointly, AU2 is verified with KS;
Calling party generates message AU3 with KS, is sent to callee, and callee verifies AU3 with KS, so as to complete session secret key Generation and peer-entity authentication.
Therefore, the present invention has the advantages that:Solve railcar mobile operational process, working in dispersion GYK remotely to use The difficulties of maintenance, realize real-time prison of the railcar scene with state, GYK quality conditions and vehicle geographical location information Survey;Realize upgrading in time for GYK master datas;Realize and assign operating revelation to railcar in time;Realize to GYK controls Software carries out remote upgrade;Safety, science, efficient management means are provided with maintenance management for GYK, in railcar safety It is significant with aspect.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of theory diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of network handover routines figure of wireless module of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of bi-coordinate system rail map positioning flow figure of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of GYK Security Data Transmissions flow chart of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a kind of GYK remote datas upgrading flow chart of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is a kind of GYK remote real time monitorings flow chart of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is that a kind of GYK logs of the present invention remotely return analysis process figure;
Fig. 8 is that a kind of session secret key of the present invention is produced and peer-entities checking flow chart.
In figure:GYK 1, mobile unit 2, transmission network 3, railway Intranet 4, ground maintenance monitoring platform 5, terrestrial user end End 6, railway special communication net 31, common mobile communication network 32, railway private network security gateway 33, mobile public network security gateway 34, The communication server 51, data server 52.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment as shown in Figure 1 is a kind of GYK remote maintenances monitoring system, including being respectively arranged in every railcar 1 mobile unit 2, transmission network 3, railway Intranet 4, ground maintenance monitoring platform 5 and each road bureau, the electricity business of section of standing, work business, confession Electricity Deng railway interests terrestrial user terminals 6;Transmission network includes railway special communication net 31, common mobile communication network 32, railway Private network security gateway 33 and mobile public network security gateway 34;Ground maintenance monitoring platform includes the communication server 51 and data, services Device 52;
Mobile unit, transmission network and railway Intranet are sequentially connected electrically, and railway Intranet takes respectively with the communication server, data Business device and each terrestrial user terminals electrical connection, each mobile unit is electrically connected respectively with each GYK 1.
Each mobile unit includes on-vehicle host and the wireless module in on-vehicle host;On-vehicle host is provided with prison Survey data acquisition function module, GYK data upgrade function modules and wireless data transceiving functional module;Set on terrestrial user terminals There is the long-range monitoring function modules of GYK, vehicle location acquisition function module, GYK remote data upgrade function modules and GYK operation note Record analytic function module.
A kind of implementation method of GYK remote maintenances monitoring system, including the network handover routines of wireless module and double coordinates It is rail map positioning flow;
The network handover routines of wireless module as shown in Figure 2 comprise the steps:
(3-1) on each mobile unit during electricity, the wireless module opening network service of mobile unit;
(3-2) each mobile unit judges the work of each wireless module by the network signal intensity of inquiry wireless module It is whether normal;
(3-3) wireless module of each mobile unit earthward safeguards that monitoring platform sends heartbeat packet letter with the fixed cycle Breath, ground maintenance monitoring platform receives immediate answer after the heartbeat package informatin;
(3-4) on-vehicle host judges whether the corresponding network of wireless module works according to wireless module heartbeat packet response situation Normally;
(3-5) on-vehicle host receives response message time speed and packet drop according to wireless module, assesses wireless module Network transmission quality;
(3-6) on-vehicle host is according to wireless module information strength, wireless module map network working condition and wireless module Whether the factor comprehensive descision such as network transmission quality mobile network is normal, and when all-network is all working properly, on-vehicle host is excellent First select railway private network transmission data;
(3-7) when certain mobile network is abnormal, it is wirelessly transferred and automatically switches to another active block;
(3-8) when all-network is all abnormal, on-vehicle host carries out alarm by modes such as indicator lamps.
Bi-coordinate system rail map positioning flow as shown in Figure 3 comprises the steps:
(4-1) on-vehicle host is using the built-in satellite positioning module collection vehicle position GPS latitude and longitude informations of on-vehicle host;
(4-2) on-vehicle host is simultaneously from rail track kilometer post information in collection vehicle position in GYK service datas;
(4-3) on-vehicle host is in real time believed the latitude and longitude information of collection with rail track kilometer post using wireless transfer channel Breath uploads ground maintenance monitoring platform;
Ground maintenance monitoring platform sets up kilometer using the latitude and longitude information of collection simultaneously with rail track kilometer post information Mark-longitude and latitude correspondence database;
(4-4) on-vehicle host sets up rail map according to latitude and longitude information;
When latitude and longitude information is invalid, using the kilometer post for establishing-longitude and latitude database, will using linear interpolation method Channel kilometer subscript conversion is latitude and longitude information, is realized according to channel kilometer mark Orientation on map.
Also include GYK Security Data Transmission flow processs as shown in Figure 4;Comprise the steps:
(5-1) the data edition stage
GYK data edition work station editor's GYK data files, and encrypted using privately owned cipher mode;GYK data edition works Make station and terrestrial user terminals physical isolation, GYK data files are copied to by terrestrial user end using special mobile storage device End;
(5-2) data transfer phase
Mobile unit downloads corresponding GYK data files from ground maintenance monitoring platform;Pass through during GYK transmitting data files Digital signature and hash check technology;
(5-3) data operational phase
Mobile unit enables privately owned cipher mode and carries out secondary decryption to the GYK data files for receiving, by hash check Mode is verified to data integrity, and carries out legitimate verification by GYK data file internal feature fields;
By the qualified GYK transmitting data files of empirical tests to GYK, GYK utilizes GYK data proprietary protocol logarithms to mobile unit Parsed according to content and shown in display window;
Railcar driver carries out validity verification according to GYK data version informations and data explanation to GYK data contents, really Protect the correct reliability of GYK data.
Also include GYK remote datas upgrading flow process as shown in Figure 5, comprise the steps:
(6-1) user edits data on GYK data edition work stations, generates GYK data files, and by privately owned encryption side Formula is encrypted;
The present invention privately owned encryption method based on ZIP ciphered compressed technologies, the data after to ZIP ciphered compresseds Secondary encryption is carried out by vigenere cipher, final ciphertext is formed.First by vigenere cipher ciphertext is looked into during decryption Table is replaced, and obtains ZIP compressed files, then data is carried out with decompression according to ZIP clear crytpographic keys and is obtained in plain text.
(6-2) user replicates GYK data using special mobile storage device file, by GYK data files from editing Station copies to terrestrial user terminals, realizes the physical isolation of GYK data editions and GYK data is activation transmission paths;
(6-3) user fills in GYK data messages and uploads to ground maintenance monitoring platform in terrestrial user terminals;It is described GYK data messages include versions of data, brief description, the scope of application and effective date;
(6-4) GYK data management staffs formulate data upgrading plan for railcar, and upgrading plan fill substance includes rail Road license number, versions of data and plan moment;
(6-5) GYK data upgrading plan is published to ground maintenance monitoring platform Jing after examination & verification;
(6-6) upgrading plan of GYK data and data file are received when mobile unit is online immediately, when mobile unit it is offline When, next time receives immediately when online;Wherein, it is online that mobile unit and the holding of ground maintenance monitoring platform are connected, is offline car Load equipment is disconnected with ground maintenance monitoring platform;
(6-7) mobile unit to be received and verify the legitimacy of data, complete by GYK Security Data Transmissions mechanism after GYK data Property, and earthward safeguard monitoring platform return data reception condition;
(6-8) GYK data upgrading plans are sent to GYK after mobile unit checking GYK data validitys;
(6-9) GYK to be received and show plan information in display interface after data upgrading plan;
(6-10) when the GYK upgrading plan moment is reached and railcar is in dead ship condition, the GYK pages eject upgrade tip Dialog box;
(6-11) GYK data upgrading flow process is started after driver's pressing acknowledgement key, GYK to mobile unit asks corresponding GYK Data file, mobile unit to GYK sends GYK data files;
(6-12) GYK differentiates to the legitimacy of data file, and GYK data files are solved using proprietary protocol Analysis, and it is shown to the GYK pages;
Proprietary protocol includes the data encrypting and deciphering mode arranged and the secret key for being adopted, the agreement of data frame format, data Definition of content etc..The preferred des encryption mode of encryption and decryption mode herein;Data frame format herein refers to the composition of every frame data Part, including data frame head, data length, checking algorithm and data postamble, such as data frame head be 16 system bytes 0xFF, data System byte 0xFE of postamble 16, data length is 2 byte short data, and checking algorithm is CRC32;Data content herein Definition includes two byte short data categories, and N byte data content, such as data category 1 represent signal, and data category 2 is represented Station, data content is the actual value at signal and station.Proprietary protocol can be carried out according to above principle when the present invention is implemented It is specifically defined.
(6-13) user is again according to the Information Authentication GYK numbers such as version information, brief description in GYK data upgrading plans According to legitimacy, and confirm to perform the upgrading of GYK data by button;
(6-14) after the completion of the upgrading of GYK data, eject updating result and confirm dialog box, driver confirms to updating result And earthward safeguard that upgrading flow process is completed after monitoring platform passback registration by mobile unit.
Also include GYK remote real time monitoring flow processs as shown in Figure 6, comprise the steps:
(7-1) mobile unit is from GYK collection running state informations, status information of equipment, security alarm information;The operation Status information includes channel kilometer cursor position information during vehicle track running;Wherein, security alarm information is adopted when triggering immediately The mode of transmission, running state information, status information of equipment, vehicle location latitude and longitude information adopt periodicity sending method;
(7-2) GPS information that mobile unit passes through vehicle location acquisition function module collection vehicle;
(7-3) ground maintenance monitoring platform is received is carried out at classification after the monitoring information that mobile unit is returned by information category Reason, and write database preservation;
(7-4) when GPS information is invalid, mobile unit is pushed away according to the real-time kilometer post information of GYK by linear interpolation mode GPS latitude and longitude coordinates are calculated, GTS positioning is completed;
(7-5) user logs in ground maintenance monitoring platform by terrestrial user terminals, checks GYK monitoring informations and vehicle position Confidence ceases;Wherein, User logs in needs authentication, including the combined authentication mode such as USBKEY checkings, password authentification;
(7-6) GYK real-time monitorings information can be presented with list and patterned way, and vehicle position information provides trace playback Function;When GYK monitoring informations change, actively earthward user terminal is pushed ground maintenance monitoring platform;When monitoring safety During warning message, in the monitoring page prompting frame is ejected.
Also analysis process is remotely returned including GYK logs as shown in Figure 7, comprised the steps:
(8-1) GYK sends the log data on the same day using triggering mode to mobile unit, and the triggering mode is to work as GYK log datas are sent while GYK generation logs to mobile unit immediately;
(8-2) mobile unit is received and locally preserved after GYK log datas, and earthward safeguards that monitoring is flat immediately Platform sends GYK log datas, and when there is network interruption, log data is stored in buffer area by mobile unit, then Send immediately during secondary connection;
(8-3) log is divided in real time one by one when ground maintenance monitoring platform receives GYK log datas Analysis, analysis result write into Databasce;
(8-4) when GYK shuts down, mobile unit and ground maintenance monitoring platform are generated according to GYK log sheets and advised Then, the log data on the same day is generated into GYK log sheets;
(8-5) user passes through terrestrial user terminals GYK log analytic function module analysis GYK log sheets, Check log analysis result, it is possible to which log is analyzed into locally downloading preservation;
(8-6) in start every time, earthward monitoring and maintenance platform sends local runtime recording data files row to mobile unit Table;
If because of network reason, history log does not upload to ground maintenance monitoring platform, and user passes through terrestrial user end Hold and ask the history log file specified of passback to mobile unit by listed files, when mobile unit receives request earthward Safeguard that monitoring platform is uploaded.
Also include that session secret key as shown in Figure 8 is produced and peer-entities checking flow process, comprise the steps:
Calling party produces the random number RA of 64, generates message AU1 by RA and is sent to callee;
Callee produces random number R B of 64, and RA, RB and certification secret key KAB generate session secret key KS jointly, by KS generates AU2 and replies to calling party;The certification secret key is the privately owned secret key that communicating pair is arranged in advance;
Calling party is received after callee AU2, extracts RB, and RA, RB and certification secret key KAB generate session secret key KS jointly, AU2 is verified with KS;
Calling party generates message AU3 with KS, is sent to callee, and callee verifies AU3 with KS, so as to complete session secret key Generation and peer-entity authentication.
It should be understood that the present embodiment is only illustrative of the invention and is not intended to limit the scope of the invention.In addition, it is to be understood that After having read the content of instruction of the present invention, those skilled in the art can make various changes or modifications to the present invention, these etc. Valency form equally falls within the application appended claims limited range.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of GYK remote maintenances monitoring system, is characterized in that, including 1 mobile unit being respectively arranged in every railcar (2), transmission network (3), railway Intranet (4), ground maintenance monitoring platform (5) and several terrestrial user terminals (6);The biography Defeated network includes railway special communication net (31), common mobile communication network (32), railway private network security gateway (33) and mobile public affairs Net security gateway (34);Ground maintenance monitoring platform includes the communication server (51) and data server (52);
Mobile unit, transmission network and railway Intranet are sequentially connected electrically, railway Intranet respectively with the communication server, data server Electrically connect with each terrestrial user terminals, each mobile unit is electrically connected respectively with each GYK.
2. GYK remote maintenances monitoring system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, each mobile unit includes vehicle-mounted Main frame and the wireless module in on-vehicle host;On-vehicle host is provided with Monitoring Data acquisition function module, the upgrading of GYK data Functional module and wireless data transceiving functional module;Terrestrial user terminals are provided with the long-range monitoring function modules of GYK, vehicle location Acquisition function module, GYK remote data upgrade function modules and GYK log analytic function modules.
3. a kind of implementation method of the GYK remote maintenance monitoring systems based on described in claim 2, is characterized in that, including wireless The network handover routines and bi-coordinate system rail map positioning flow of module;
The network handover routines of the wireless module comprise the steps:
(3-1) on each mobile unit during electricity, the wireless module opening network service of mobile unit;
(3-2) whether the network signal intensity that each mobile unit passes through inquiry wireless module, judge the work of each wireless module Normally;
(3-3) wireless module of each mobile unit earthward safeguards that monitoring platform sends heartbeat package informatin, ground with the fixed cycle Safeguard that monitoring platform receives immediate answer after the heartbeat package informatin in face;
(3-4) on-vehicle host judges whether the corresponding network of wireless module works just according to wireless module heartbeat packet response situation Often;
(3-5) on-vehicle host receives response message time speed and packet drop according to wireless module, assesses wireless module network Transmission quality;
(3-6) on-vehicle host is according to wireless module information strength, wireless module map network working condition and wireless module network Whether the factor comprehensive descision such as transmission quality mobile network is normal, and when all-network is all working properly, on-vehicle host is preferentially selected Select railway private network transmission data;
(3-7) when certain mobile network is abnormal, it is wirelessly transferred and automatically switches to another active block;
(3-8) when all-network is all abnormal, on-vehicle host carries out alarm by modes such as indicator lamps.
4. the implementation method of GYK remote maintenances monitoring system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the bi-coordinate system Rail map positioning flow comprises the steps:
(4-1) on-vehicle host is using the built-in satellite positioning module collection vehicle position GPS latitude and longitude informations of on-vehicle host;
(4-2) on-vehicle host is simultaneously from rail track kilometer post information in collection vehicle position in GYK service datas;
(4-3) on-vehicle host utilizes wireless transfer channel in real time by the latitude and longitude information and rail track kilometer post information of collection Pass ground maintenance monitoring platform;
Ground maintenance monitoring platform sets up kilometer post-Jing using the latitude and longitude information of collection simultaneously with rail track kilometer post information Latitude correspondence database;
(4-4) on-vehicle host sets up rail map according to latitude and longitude information;
When latitude and longitude information is invalid, using the kilometer post for establishing-longitude and latitude database, using linear interpolation method by circuit Kilometer post is scaled latitude and longitude information, realizes according to channel kilometer mark Orientation on map.
5. the implementation method of GYK remote maintenances monitoring system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, also including GYK data Safe transmission flow process;Comprise the steps:
(5-1) the data edition stage
GYK data edition work station editor's GYK data files, and encrypted using privately owned cipher mode;GYK data edition work stations With terrestrial user terminals physical isolation, GYK data files are copied to by terrestrial user terminals using special mobile storage device;
(5-2) data transfer phase
Mobile unit downloads corresponding GYK data files from ground maintenance monitoring platform;By numeral during GYK transmitting data files Signature and hash check technology;
(5-3) data operational phase
Mobile unit enables privately owned cipher mode and carries out secondary decryption to the GYK data files for receiving, by hash check mode Data integrity is verified, and legitimate verification is carried out by GYK data file internal feature fields;
, by the qualified GYK transmitting data files of empirical tests to GYK, GYK is using GYK data proprietary protocols in data for mobile unit Appearance is parsed and shown in display window;
Railcar driver carries out validity verification according to GYK data version informations and data explanation to GYK data contents, it is ensured that The correct reliability of GYK data.
6. the implementation method of GYK remote maintenances monitoring system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, also including GYK data Remote upgrade flow process, comprises the steps:
(6-1) user edits data on GYK data edition work stations, generates GYK data files, and enters by privately owned cipher mode Row encryption;
(6-2) user replicates GYK data using special mobile storage device file, and GYK data files are answered from editing station Terrestrial user terminals are made, the physical isolation of GYK data editions and GYK data is activation transmission paths is realized;
(6-3) user fills in GYK data messages and uploads to ground maintenance monitoring platform in terrestrial user terminals;The GYK numbers It is believed that breath includes versions of data, brief description, the scope of application and effective date;
(6-4) GYK data management staffs formulate data upgrading plan for railcar, and upgrading plan fill substance includes railcar Number, versions of data and plan the moment;
(6-5) GYK data upgrading plan is published to ground maintenance monitoring platform Jing after examination & verification;
(6-6) upgrading plan of GYK data and data file are received when mobile unit is online immediately, when mobile unit is offline, under Receive immediately when secondary online;Wherein, it is online that mobile unit and the holding of ground maintenance monitoring platform are connected, is offline mobile unit Disconnect with ground maintenance monitoring platform;
(6-7) mobile unit to be received and verify legitimacy, the integrality of data by GYK Security Data Transmissions mechanism after GYK data, and Earthward safeguard monitoring platform return data reception condition;
(6-8) GYK data upgrading plans are sent to GYK after mobile unit checking GYK data validitys;
(6-9) GYK to be received and show plan information in display interface after data upgrading plan;
(6-10) when the GYK upgrading plan moment is reached and railcar is in dead ship condition, the GYK pages eject upgrade tip dialogue Frame;
(6-11) GYK data upgrading flow process is started after driver's pressing acknowledgement key, GYK to mobile unit asks corresponding GYK data File, mobile unit to GYK sends GYK data files;
(6-12) GYK differentiates to the legitimacy of data file, and GYK data files are parsed using proprietary protocol, And it is shown to the GYK pages;
(6-13) user is again according to the Information Authentication GYK data such as version information, brief description in GYK data upgrading plans Legitimacy, and confirm to perform the upgrading of GYK data by button;
(6-14) after the completion of the upgrading of GYK data, eject updating result and confirm dialog box, driver is confirmed to updating result and led to Cross mobile unit and earthward safeguard that upgrading flow process is completed after monitoring platform passback registration.
7. the implementation method of GYK remote maintenances monitoring system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, also long-range including GYK Real-time monitoring flow process, comprises the steps:
(7-1) mobile unit is from GYK collection running state informations, status information of equipment, security alarm information;The running status Information includes channel kilometer cursor position information during vehicle track running;Wherein, send immediately when security alarm information adopts triggering Mode, running state information, status information of equipment, vehicle location latitude and longitude information adopt periodicity sending method;
(7-2) GPS information that mobile unit passes through vehicle location acquisition function module collection vehicle;
(7-3) ground maintenance monitoring platform to be received and carry out classification process by information category after the monitoring information that mobile unit is returned, And write database preservation;
(7-4) when GPS information is invalid, mobile unit calculates GPS according to the real-time kilometer post information of GYK by linear interpolation mode Latitude and longitude coordinates, complete GIS positioning;
(7-5) user logs in ground maintenance monitoring platform by terrestrial user terminals, checks GYK monitoring informations and vehicle location letter Breath;Wherein, User logs in needs authentication, including the combined authentication mode such as USBKEY checkings, password authentification;
(7-6) GYK real-time monitorings information can be presented with list and patterned way, and vehicle position information provides trace playback work( Energy;When GYK monitoring informations change, actively earthward user terminal is pushed ground maintenance monitoring platform;When monitoring safe report During alarming information, in the monitoring page prompting frame is ejected.
8. the implementation method of GYK remote maintenances monitoring system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, also run including GYK The long-range passback analysis process of record, comprises the steps:
(8-1) GYK sends the log data on the same day using triggering mode to mobile unit, and monologue story-telling with gestures triggering mode is to work as GYK Immediately to mobile unit transmission GYK log datas while generation log;
(8-2) mobile unit is received and locally preserved after GYK log datas, and earthward safeguards that monitoring platform is sent out immediately GYK log datas are sent, when there is network interruption, log data is stored in buffer area by mobile unit, is connected again Send immediately when connecing;
(8-3) log is analyzed in real time one by one when ground maintenance monitoring platform receives GYK log datas, point Analysis result write into Databasce;
(8-4) when GYK shuts down, mobile unit and ground maintenance monitoring platform, will according to GYK log sheet create-rules The log data on the same day generates GYK log sheets;
(8-5) user is checked by terrestrial user terminals GYK log analytic function module analysis GYK log sheets Log analysis result, it is possible to which log is analyzed into locally downloading preservation;
(8-6) in start every time, earthward monitoring and maintenance platform sends local runtime recording data files list to mobile unit;
If because of network reason, history log does not upload to ground maintenance monitoring platform, and user is pressed by terrestrial user terminals Listed files asks to return the history log file specified to mobile unit, and mobile unit is earthward safeguarded when receiving request Monitoring platform is uploaded.
9. the implementation method of the GYK remote maintenance monitoring systems according to claim 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8, its feature It is also to produce including session secret key and peer-entities checking flow process, comprises the steps:
Calling party produces the random number RA of 64, generates message AU1 by RA and is sent to callee;
Callee produces random number R B of 64, and RA, RB and certification secret key KAB generate session secret key KS, given birth to by KS jointly Into AU2 and reply to calling party;The certification secret key is the privately owned secret key that communicating pair is arranged in advance;
Calling party is received after callee AU2, extracts RB, and RA, RB and certification secret key KAB generate session secret key KS, use KS jointly Checking AU2;
Calling party generates message AU3 with KS, is sent to callee, and callee verifies AU3 with KS, so as to complete the product of session secret key Raw and peer-entity authentication.
CN201611005661.9A 2016-11-15 2016-11-15 GYK remote maintenance monitoring system and implementation method Pending CN106657268A (en)

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CN107453942A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-12-08 北京锦鸿希电信息技术股份有限公司 The acquisition methods of railway system's ground side equipment running status, device and system
CN107544392A (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-01-05 上海卫星工程研究所 The graphical monitoring system and method for the in-orbit distributed-network monitoring platform state of satellite
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CN108833508A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-16 惠州市德赛西威汽车电子股份有限公司 Applied to multi-channel A PN networking method, storage medium and the system in car networking system
CN110874071A (en) * 2018-09-03 2020-03-10 比亚迪股份有限公司 Train comprehensive scheduling system, scheduling method and train signal control system
CN110874071B (en) * 2018-09-03 2021-03-26 比亚迪股份有限公司 Train comprehensive scheduling system, scheduling method and train signal control system
CN109484431A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-03-19 西北铁道电子股份有限公司 A kind of railcar shunting service means of defence
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Application publication date: 20170510