CN106614231A - Multifunctional stereoscopic combined prawn culturing pool - Google Patents

Multifunctional stereoscopic combined prawn culturing pool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106614231A
CN106614231A CN201611177547.4A CN201611177547A CN106614231A CN 106614231 A CN106614231 A CN 106614231A CN 201611177547 A CN201611177547 A CN 201611177547A CN 106614231 A CN106614231 A CN 106614231A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
prawn culturing
cube
combined type
cube portion
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611177547.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜玉声
曹林泉
滕飞
秦政
孙诗雨
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Dalian Ocean University
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Dalian Ocean University
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201611177547.4A priority Critical patent/CN106614231A/en
Publication of CN106614231A publication Critical patent/CN106614231A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional stereoscopic combined prawn culturing pool comprising a supporting rack. The multifunctional stereoscopic combined prawn culturing pool is characterized in that a plurality of pool bodies (1) are supported by the supporting rack and are longitudinally distributed; the combined prawn culturing pool further comprises a water processing and circulating system; the water processing and circulating system is connected with all the pool bodies (1) via pipelines; and different pool bodies (1) are connected in a parallel way. The multifunctional stereoscopic combined prawn culturing pool can meet seedling culturing and adult prawn culturing demands, is flexible, requires low operation cost and is energy-saving and environment friendly.

Description

Multifunctional stereo combined type prawn culturing pond
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of culturing pool, particularly a kind of multifunctional stereo combined type prawn culturing pond.
Background technology
Prawn culturing is always the conventional items of China's aquaculture, and China only cultivates the yield of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low within 2014 1,300,000 tons or so have just been reached.However, the deterioration of continuous high density, cultivating large area and paralic environment causes shrimp farming Disease takes place frequently.Most area shrimp farmings receive harm influence in " intensive culture ", and risk is high, and " extensive cultivation " without the available situation in ground.For The sustainable development of shrimp culture industry, the ecological controllable aquaculture model of exploitation becomes inexorable trend.Prawn industrial cultivation is A kind of controllability is strong, efficient Novel cultivation pattern, is the important directions of shrimp culture industry sustainable development.60 years 20th century Some advanced countries such as generation, Japan, the U.S., Germany, Canada, Denmark are in terms of industrial circulating water shrimp ecosystem More trial and research have been done, including:Loop-type supports shrimp system, and the stage of Florida three supports shrimp system, and based on microalgae Recirculated water shrimp ecosystem etc. all achieves preferable effect.However, these patterns are required to the production equipment of costliness, hardware Facility investment is huge.The indoor industrially-cultured pattern relatively limited for area, how before prawn normal growth is ensured Put, the cultured output for improving unit area is the key of problem.Bottom mostly is to shrimps to dwell, some species also have buries habit of dwelling Property, its yield is directly related with cultivation pool area, only increases breeding density or breeding water body total amount and is extremely difficult to increase output Purpose.Therefore, the life habit for cultivating species designs culturing pool, is the crucial skill of efficient utilization industrial aquaculture system Art.
Except above-mentioned industrial aquaculture, the seed needed for the numerous patterns of China's prawn culturing is typically passed through in one Between cultivate(" mark is thick ")Process, will 4-7 millimeters(P4, P5 phase)Young shrimp support to 10-15 millimeters, or more in cement pit indoors Greatly, place in growing pond and cultivate.By concentrate fortification and controllable water quality management, can not only improve seed into Motility rate, and more can neatly regulate and control cultivation, the time for harvesting.Such as joined in northern sea pond, when shrimp is raised together with, it is right Shrimp seedling kind can be advanced to carries out intermediate rearing mid-April, so does sth. in advance nearly 1 month equivalent to the whole cultivation phase.What Jing was cultivated Pool cultivation under big seed, you can the individuality for reaching commercial specification is fished in late July, now the fresh and alive marine products in market are few, price is high, And can catch up with and reduce cultivation density before the disease high-incidence season;Remaining individuality is supported to 9-10 months and fished for, though now market prawn It is so more, but this pattern mature stage relatively grows 1 month, and commercial sized prawn specification is big, still takes advantage in price.However, middle Cultivation generally needs special indoor raising of seedling workshop, general small-scale breeding enterprise or personal it is difficult to carry out practical operation.
The content of the invention
The present invention be in order to solve the deficiency existing for above-mentioned prior art, propose one kind can be adapted to seed rearing and into Shrimp aquaculture requires that maneuverability, operating cost are low, energy-conserving and environment-protective multifunctional stereo combined type prawn culturing ponds.
The present invention technical solution be:A kind of multifunctional stereo combined type prawn culturing pond, including bracing frame, its It is characterised by:Multiple pond bodies 1, and these genesis analysis of pond body 1 are supported by described bracing frame, while this combination Formula prawn culturing pond also includes water process, the circulatory system, and water process, the circulatory system by pipeline and all of pond body 1 It is connected, and can be with parallel with one another between different pond bodies 1.
Described pond body 1 is made up of the cube portion 2 and inverted trapezoidal platform portion 3 being interconnected, and the height in cube portion is 30-50cm, its length is 5-10 with the ratio of height:1, the larger bottom in inverted trapezoidal platform portion 3 overlaps with the bottom surface in cube portion 2, And the two ends of the length direction of the base plate 4 in inverted trapezoidal platform portion 3 are respectively arranged with sewage draining exit 5, the lower section of the sewage draining exit 5 row of being provided with Dirty groove 13, in the bottom of dirt discharge groove 13 blow-off pipe 6 is connected with, and valve 7 is additionally provided with blow-off pipe 6, is provided with sewage draining exit 5 There is hole sizer plate 8, on the side wall in cube portion 2 transparent windows 10 are offered, two diagonal angles in cube portion 2 also set up There is water inlet pipe 11 free to rotate, and valve 7 is additionally provided with water inlet pipe 11, while in the upper portion side wall in cube portion 2 On be further opened with overfall 12, and described blow-off pipe 6 and overfall 12 are connected with water process, the circulatory system.
The corner of the described inwall of cube portion 2 is fillet.
Length direction along described base plate 4 is provided with dismountable longitudinal perpendicular dividing plate 9, and the top of dividing plate 9 is higher than Peak level in pond, dividing plate 9 is fixed in pond by the tie rod of basin bottom draw-in groove and top.
Described cube portion 2 can also tile with the junction in inverted trapezoidal platform portion 3 and arrange dismountable punching dividing plate 14, and Fixed with basin bottom draw-in groove by gripper shoe thereon.
The present invention compared with the existing technology, has the advantage that:
The multifunctional stereo combined type prawn culturing pond of this kind of version, its simple structure designs ingenious, flexible multi-purpose, As the intermediate rearing system of prawn seed, intensive management can be realized, after insulation and water treatment facilities is equipped with, Ke Yi Pond periphery realizes the cultivation in situ of seed, makes seed adapt to cultivate the condition of water quality on the outer pool in advance, and acquisition is easy to cultivate, survives The high large size seedling seed of rate, can largely reduce into the shrimp aquaculture phase, cultivation phase risk be reduced, when production is adjusted flexibly Between, improve the degree of controllability of production and selling plan;It also can be as indoor industrially into shrimp aquaculture pond, and multiple breeding pools can Overlapping combinations are used, and improve the utilization rate of industrial aquaculture facility, increase output;Basin bottom is provided with draw-in groove, can indulge To vertical clapboard is installed, pond is set to become cultivation circuit;Culturing pool is fillet design, intakes to form current using recirculated water, can Deposit dirt in pond is gathered in the dirt discharge groove of bottom of pond, is discharged by discharge outlet, beneficial to culturing pool purification of water quality, and prawn Growth;Chi Jiao is upper along gap is provided with, using the gas effect inflated in pond, can be by partial suspended dirt and dissolved organic matter With the discharge of offscum form Jing drainage pipeline;Simultaneously sewage sump and bigbore discharge outlet can be convenient to harvest as the passage for receiving shrimp, And reduce the damage of prawn body;Basin bottom separately has draw-in groove, can install with pertusate dividing plate and have hole Sieve plates, thereon The substrates such as laying fine sand, " " structure, has the shrimp crab species class for burying habit of dwelling for cultivation to double bottom, and a pond is multiplex, operation for formation Simply, convenient management, contributes to from breeding facility angle promoting the sustainable health development of aquatic products industry.The pond can be according to sky Between, the factor such as weather arbitrarily assemble, it is mobile, therefore the prawn culturing pond possesses various advantages, is particularly suitable in ability Popularization and application in domain, its wide market.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of pond body in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the top view of pond body in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the front view of pond body in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the specific embodiment of the description of the drawings present invention.As shown in Figures 1 to 4:A kind of multifunctional stereo Combined type prawn culturing pond, including bracing frame, are supported by multiple pond bodies 1, and these longitudinal directions of pond body 1 on bracing frame , there is difference in height in distribution, between different pond bodies 1 while this combined type prawn culturing pond also includes water process, circulation System, this water process, the circulatory system are connected by pipeline with all of pond body 1, and can between different pond bodies 1 It is parallel with one another;
Pond body 1 is made up of two parts, i.e., cube portion 2 above and underlying inverted trapezoidal platform portion 3, and the two Between be interconnected, wherein the height in cube portion 2 is ratio between 30-50cm, and the length and height in cube portion 2 For 5-10:1, larger bottom overlaps with the bottom surface in cube portion 2 in inverted trapezoidal platform portion 3, and in the base plate 4 in inverted trapezoidal platform portion 3 On be additionally provided with two sewage draining exits 5, the two sewage draining exits 5 respectively positioned at the length direction of base plate 4 two ends, under sewage draining exit 5 Side is provided with dirt discharge groove 13, and is then connected with blow-off pipe 6 in the bottom of dirt discharge groove 13, and is additionally provided with valve on blow-off pipe 6 7, slotted plate 8 is provided with sewage draining exit 5;Slotted plate is additionally provided with the junction in cube portion 2 and inverted trapezoidal platform portion 3 14, transparent windows 10 are offered on the side wall in cube portion 2, two diagonal angles in cube portion 2 are additionally provided with can The water inlet pipe 11 for freely rotating, and valve 7 is provided with water inlet pipe 11, and the corner of the inwall in cube portion 2 is fillet, Simultaneously the side wall upper part in cube portion 2 offers overfall 12, above-mentioned blow-off pipe 6 and overfall 12 with water process, follow Loop systems are connected;
The length direction of described base plate 4 can be provided with dismountable longitudinal perpendicular dividing plate 9, form " racetrack " knot Structure.And the described top of dividing plate 9 is fixed in pond higher than peak level in pond by the tie rod of basin bottom draw-in groove and top.
Can be to arrange punching dividing plate 14 in the junction in cube portion 2 and inverted trapezoidal platform portion 3, can on punching dividing plate 14 To lay the substrate such as fine sand, the structure of " double bottom " is formed, can be used to cultivating Marsupenaeus japonicus etc. to have and bury habit species of dwelling, and In inverted trapezoidal platform portion 3 below apertured partition 14, gas tube can also be set, the substrate of the top of dividing plate 14 of punching is carried out instead Rinse, can play a part of to purify water and substrate;
The course of work in the multifunctional stereo combined type prawn culturing pond of the embodiment of the present invention is as follows:Carrying out the big rule of batch production When mould raises the shrimp crab of high-quality, multiple pond bodies 1 are placed on bracing frame, form three-dimensional assembling, and allow each pond Body 1 is all connected with water process, the circulatory system(Can be parallel with one another between different pond bodies 1), so can be in unit space Inside increase cultured area as far as possible, improve yield, lift the utilization rate of industrial aquaculture facility;
In breeding process, the valve 7 on two water inlet pipes 11 is opened simultaneously, the draining angle of two water inlet pipes 11 is adjusted, vertical Under the guide functions of dividing plate 9, orientation current are formed in pond body 1, so as to the oarse-grained pollutant such as residual bait, excrement can be gathered The two ends of base plate 4 are combined in, in dirt discharge groove 13, and is discharged eventually through blow-off pipe 6, in entering into water process, the circulatory system Processed;Meanwhile, the prawn of cultivation will not enter dirt discharge groove 13 due to the stop for having hole sizer plate 8;
If cultivation is have the shrimp crab for burying habit of dwelling, can arrange in the junction in cube portion 2 and inverted trapezoidal platform portion 3 Punching dividing plate 14, and laying meets the substrate of biological nature on punching dividing plate 14(Such as fine sand);
Meanwhile, in breeding process, " racetrack " can be formed into shrimp aquaculture to be provided with longitudinal baffle 9 in pond body 1 Pond, to the cultivation for carrying out prawn;And in breeding process, poultry feeders can then be reached by the observation of transparent windows 10 pond Ingesting and growing state for water quality, shrimp crab in body 1, is easy to be processed in time;
The dirt and dissolved organic matter of suspension then can be discharged in the form of foam from overfall 12, and be eventually entered at water In reason, the circulatory system;
When the shrimp crab of cultivation needs harvested or reached certain standard, need the when of falling pond, sewage draining exit 5 and blow-off pipe 6 are cleaned Totally, collection vessel is placed in the exit of blow-off pipe 6, opens the valve 7 of blow-off pipe 6, you can be collected;
Before seed is thrown in outdoor ponds, seed is put in the multifunctional stereo combined type prawn culturing pond of the present embodiment Temporarily support, be easy to concentrate precision management, strengthen fortification, improve its resistance against diseases, and the north can with weatherproof, Seed is cultivated in advance, the phase that will entirely cultivate is done sth. in advance;Seed is put into before pond, using draw-gear, by whole cultivation water Pond is moved near cultivating pool, if a minifilters, water is sent in breeding pool Jing after simple process in pond, in pond Can circulate in water and pond, make seed adapt to the condition of water quality in cultivating pool in advance, effectively prevent seed from directly putting When entering pond, due to the massive mortality that stress be caused.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of multifunctional stereo combined type prawn culturing pond, including bracing frame, it is characterised in that:On described bracing frame It is supported by multiple pond bodies(1), and these pond bodies(1)Genesis analysis, while this combined type prawn culturing pond also includes Water process, the circulatory system, and water process, the circulatory system are by pipeline and all of pond body(1)It is connected, and different pond bodies (1)Between it is parallel with one another;
Described pond body(1)By the cube portion being interconnected(2)With inverted trapezoidal platform portion(3)Composition, the height in cube portion For 30-50cm, its length is 5-10 with the ratio of height:1, inverted trapezoidal platform portion(3)Larger bottom and cube portion(2)Bottom surface Overlap, and inverted trapezoidal platform portion(3)Base plate(4)The two ends of length direction be respectively arranged with sewage draining exit(5), the sewage draining exit (5)Lower section is provided with dirt discharge groove(13), in dirt discharge groove(13)Bottom be connected with blow-off pipe(6), in blow-off pipe(6)On also set up There is valve(7), in sewage draining exit(5)Place is arranged removably hole sizer plate(8), in cube portion(2)Side wall on offer it is transparent Observation window(10), in cube portion(2)Two diagonal angles be additionally provided with water inlet pipe free to rotate(11), and in water inlet Pipe(11)On be additionally provided with valve(7), while in cube portion(2)Upper portion side wall on be further opened with overfall(12), and it is described Blow-off pipe(6)And overfall(12)It is connected with water process, the circulatory system.
2. multifunctional stereo combined type prawn culturing pond according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described cube Portion(2)The corner of inwall is fillet.
3. multifunctional stereo combined type prawn culturing pond according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Along described bottom Plate(4)Length direction be provided with dismountable longitudinal perpendicular dividing plate(9), and dividing plate(9)Top is higher than peak level in pond, every Plate(9)It is fixed in pond by the tie rod of basin bottom draw-in groove and top.
4. multifunctional stereo combined type prawn culturing pond according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described cube Portion(2)With inverted trapezoidal platform portion(3)Junction can also tile the dismountable punching dividing plate of setting(14), and by gripper shoe thereon Fix with basin bottom draw-in groove.
CN201611177547.4A 2016-12-19 2016-12-19 Multifunctional stereoscopic combined prawn culturing pool Pending CN106614231A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107455293A (en) * 2017-08-30 2017-12-12 浙江省海洋水产研究所 A kind of quick cultural method for obtaining high-quality large yellow croaker
CN107771729A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-03-09 浙江海洋大学 A kind of circular intensive efficiently integrated management flowing water type recirculated water shrimp ecosystem
CN109699565A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-05-03 盐城工学院 A kind of folded spelling formula cultivating system and application method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201911180U (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-08-03 大连海洋大学 Sea cucumber cultivation pool
CN203775946U (en) * 2014-03-11 2014-08-20 青岛农业大学 Three-dimensional individualbreeding scientific research and teaching system for shrimp and crab class aquatic animals
CN204930024U (en) * 2015-06-18 2016-01-06 广东海洋大学 A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock culture system
CN105746393A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-13 上海海洋大学 Circulating water runway type shrimp aquaculture system and circulating water runway type shrimp aquaculture method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201911180U (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-08-03 大连海洋大学 Sea cucumber cultivation pool
CN203775946U (en) * 2014-03-11 2014-08-20 青岛农业大学 Three-dimensional individualbreeding scientific research and teaching system for shrimp and crab class aquatic animals
CN204930024U (en) * 2015-06-18 2016-01-06 广东海洋大学 A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock culture system
CN105746393A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-13 上海海洋大学 Circulating water runway type shrimp aquaculture system and circulating water runway type shrimp aquaculture method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107455293A (en) * 2017-08-30 2017-12-12 浙江省海洋水产研究所 A kind of quick cultural method for obtaining high-quality large yellow croaker
CN107771729A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-03-09 浙江海洋大学 A kind of circular intensive efficiently integrated management flowing water type recirculated water shrimp ecosystem
CN109699565A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-05-03 盐城工学院 A kind of folded spelling formula cultivating system and application method

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