CN106592374A - Solar photovoltaic power generation pavement and application thereof - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic power generation pavement and application thereof Download PDF

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CN106592374A
CN106592374A CN 201610959259 CN201610959259A CN106592374A CN 106592374 A CN106592374 A CN 106592374A CN 201610959259 CN201610959259 CN 201610959259 CN 201610959259 A CN201610959259 A CN 201610959259A CN 106592374 A CN106592374 A CN 106592374A
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layer
power generation
solar photovoltaic
photovoltaic power
glass
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CN 201610959259
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Chinese (zh)
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张宏超
李武
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张宏超
李武
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C7/00Coherent pavings made in situ
    • E01C7/08Coherent pavings made in situ made of road-metal and binders
    • E01C7/35Toppings or surface dressings; Methods of mixing, impregnating, or spreading them
    • E01C7/356Toppings or surface dressings; Methods of mixing, impregnating, or spreading them with exclusively synthetic resin as a binder; Aggregate, fillers or other additives for application on or in the surface of toppings having exclusively synthetic resin as binder
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C9/00Special pavings; Pavings for special parts of roads or airfields
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, E.G. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power

Abstract

The invention provides a solar photovoltaic power generation pavement and an application thereof. The solar photovoltaic power generation pavement at least comprises a subgrade, a base course, a surface course, a solar photovoltaic power generation layer and a light-transmitting friction course in sequence from bottom to top. According to the solar photovoltaic power generation pavement and the application thereof, a solar photovoltaic power generation technique can be organically integrated under the circumstance of ensuring vehicle safety operation so as to realize coordinated operation of a road traffic function and a photovoltaic power generation function.

Description

太阳能光伏发电路面及其应用 Solar photovoltaic pavement and its application

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种太阳能光伏发电路面及其应用。 [0001] The present invention relates to a solar photovoltaic power generation and road applications.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 太阳能光伏发电路面的关键技术在于:(1)如何保护布设于路表的光伏板在承受车辆碾压时不发生破坏;(2)路表透光抗滑磨耗层既能透射光线,又能提供车辆行驶摩擦力;(3)其他辅助层次起到缓冲、布线、绝缘等功能。 Key Technology [0002] Solar photovoltaic road surface: (1) how to protect laid in the way table photovoltaic panels to withstand damage does not occur when the vehicle rolling; (2) light transmissive way table Friction Course both transmit light, but also to provide a vehicle with a frictional force; (3) other auxiliary cushion level, wiring, insulation, and other functions. 目前,国内外太阳能光伏发电路面技术主要有三类:美国的太阳能"砖"、荷兰的预制水泥混凝土光伏板、法国的直埋式光伏路面。 At present, domestic and international solar photovoltaic pavement technology are mainly three types: American Solar "brick", Dutch precast concrete photovoltaic panels, photovoltaic France buried the road.

[0003] 2006年,美国爱达荷州的一对科学家夫妇斯科特.布鲁索(Scott Brushaw)和朱莉(Julie)首先提出,用太阳能板代替传统的沥青来建造所谓的"太阳能公路"的梦想,并得到了美国联邦公路管理局的研发资金支持。 [0003] In 2006, a pair of scientists Idaho couple Scott Brousseau (Scott Brushaw) and Julie (Julie) first proposed, instead of the traditional asphalt with solar panels to build the so-called "solar highway "the dream and got research and development funds to support the US Federal Highway Administration. 2013年春天,布鲁索夫妇启动了试点项目,研发了一种形似砖块、具有凹凸表面的六边形太阳能厚板,以地脚螺栓固定在事先铺设的水泥混凝土基础上。 The spring of 2013, Brousseau couple launched a pilot project, developed a brick shape, having an uneven surface hexagonal solar slab, concrete foundation with anchor bolts fixed in advance laid on cement. 这种结构除了其承载及路用性能有待证实外,其造价昂贵、需要大量人工也是其显而易见的缺点,因此截止目前仅在美国爱达荷州桑德波因特市修建了一个15平米的露天停车场。 This structure in addition to its carrying yet to be confirmed and road performance, its high cost, labor intensive but also its obvious shortcomings, so far only in Sandpoint, Idaho United States built a 15-square-meter open-air PARKING LOT.

[0004] 荷兰Solaroad公司尝试在普通道路上铺设太阳能电池板,并于2014年11月在荷兰一个叫克罗默尼的城镇里正式开通了一条长230英尺(约70米)的太阳能自行车路面。 [0004] Netherlands Solaroad companies try to lay solar panels on an ordinary road, and in November 2014 in a Dutch town called Keluomoni's official opening of a long 230 feet (about 70 meters) of solar bicycle road. 这条道路由2.4米X3.3米的预制水泥混凝土板拼接而成,太阳能电池被放置在了钢化玻璃层之下。 This stitching path from 2.4 m X3.3 m precast concrete slab is made, the solar cell is placed under a glass layer.

[0005] 法国⑶LAS公司采用直埋技术将路面锯切出凹槽,将预制好的太阳能光伏板埋入路面,然后采用喷涂工艺进行封装。 [0005] French ⑶LAS technology adoption buried sawed grooves of the road surface, the prefabricated road buried photovoltaic panels, and then spraying encapsulation process. 这种路面结构具备了太阳能光伏发电路面的基本层次和功能,但是它的路面结构层次功能定位模糊,且没有具体的设计要求和指标,容易在使用过程中出现大面积光伏板断裂,难以广泛应用。 Such pavement structure with the basic functions of solar photovoltaic power generation level and the road surface, but its location ambiguity function pavement level, and no specific design requirements and targets, large area photovoltaic panels prone to breaking during use, it is difficult to widely .

[0006] 上述三类太阳能光伏发电路面技术仍然停留在概念和试验阶段,路面结构也存在很多不符合道路工程基本要求的重大缺陷,例如:美国的太阳能玻璃"砖"路面没有考虑砌块路面平整度差、易透水、容易出现基层破坏,进而导致面层过量变形等道路工程"通病"; 荷兰的水泥混凝土预制板技术则面临大型构件现场拼装困难、表面钢化玻璃抗滑能力不足等难题,所以只在自行车道上进行了小规模试验;法国的直埋式技术缺乏对光伏板发电层的保护,极易在车辆荷载的作用下出现光伏发电层破坏,最终导致路面丧失发电能力。 [0006] the three types of solar photovoltaic pavement technology is still at the concept and pilot phase, there are many major road construction defects do not meet the basic requirements of road works, for example: the US solar glass "bricks" did not consider the road block the pavement poor, easily permeable, the base layer is prone to damage, leading to deformation of the surface layer, excessive road works "common problem"; Dutch art concrete prefabricated members are facing large site assembly difficulties, lack the ability to surface sliding glass and other problems, it is in the bike lane only a small-scale test; France buried technology lack of protection for photovoltaic panels power generation layer, prone to damage in the photovoltaic layer vehicle load, the road leading to the loss of generating capacity. 综上所述,无论从承重吨位,还是从累计交通荷载作用次数来看,目前的太阳能光伏发电路面仍然不是真正意义的路面,所以不能应用于实际路面。 To sum up, in terms of tonnage, load-bearing, or from the cumulative number of traffic loads, the current solar PV is still not the true sense of the road pavement, it can not be applied to the actual road.

[0007] 另一方面,我国和其他国家利用高速公路沿线的一些设施安装光伏板来发电,这些附属设施主要包括服务区建筑物屋顶和侧墙、停车场、路侧防护栏、防噪声隔离带(声屏障)、路侧边坡等,这些设施上铺设的光伏板本身不具备承载能力,也不铺设在路面上,所以这类技术属于沿线设施光伏发电系统,无法利用广阔的路面资源。 [0007] On the other hand, our country and other countries to use some of the facilities along the highway installation of photovoltaic panels to generate electricity, these ancillary facilities including service area building roof and side walls, parking, roadside fence, anti-noise buffer zone (sound barrier), road side slope, these photovoltaic panels laid on the facility itself does not have carrying capacity, not laid on the road surface, so this type of technology is the facilities along the photovoltaic power generation system, can not use the vast resources of the road surface.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 鉴于以上所述现有技术的缺点,本发明的目的在于提供一种太阳能光伏发电路面,用于克服现有技术的不足,提供一种能够发电的太阳能光伏发电路面。 [0008] In view of the foregoing disadvantages of the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a solar photovoltaic pavement, for overcoming the disadvantages of the prior art, to provide a solar photovoltaic power generation capable of road surface.

[0009] 为实现上述目的及其他相关目的,一方面本发明提供一种太阳能光伏发电路面, 所述太阳能光伏发电路面至少包括从下至上依次设置:路基、基层、面层、太阳能光伏发电层以及透光抗滑磨耗层。 [0009] To achieve the above objects and other related objects, in one aspect the present invention provides a solar photovoltaic power generation surface, the solar photovoltaic power generation comprising at least a road surface sequentially arranged from bottom to top: the roadbed, the base layer, the surface layer, solar photovoltaic layer, and transmissive sliding wear layer.

[0010] 所述路基可为符合我国《公路路基设计规范》(JDG D30)规定的土路基;其各项技术指标应符合我国《公路路基施工技术规范》(JTJ F10)规定。 [0010] The roadbed may be in line with the provisions of the roadbed of "roadbed design specification" (JDG D30); the provisions of its technical indicators should be consistent with China's "Technical Specifications for Construction of Highway roadbed" (JTJ F10).

[0011] 所述基层可为无机稳定土类半刚性基层,其设计厚度应符合《公路沥青路面设计规范》(JDG D50)规定,一般厚度介于18cm-40cm之间;当厚度大于20cm时,可分上下两层铺筑;所述基层材料可采用水泥稳定碎石、石灰粉煤灰稳定碎石等无机稳定类复合土,其材料设计可根据我国《公路工程无机结合料稳定材料试验规程》(JTJ 057)之规定;其各项技术指标应符合我国《公路路面基层施工技术规范》(JTJ 034)。 [0011] The base layer may be stabilized earth inorganic semi-rigid, which should meet the design thickness "asphalt pavement design specification" (JDG D50) predetermined, generally a thickness of between 18cm-40cm; when the thickness is more than 20cm, paving divided into upper and lower layers; the base layer material can be stabilized gravel cement, lime fly ash stabilized gravel and other inorganic stabilizers based composite soil, the material may be designed to "cement stabilized inorganic material testing procedures highway engineering" according to our (JTJ 057) of the regulations; its technical indicators should be consistent with China's "Pavement Base technical specifications for construction" (JTJ 034).

[0012] 所述面层可以为水泥混凝土或者沥青混凝土,用于直接承受交通荷载并为车辆提供连续平整的行驶界面。 [0012] The surface layer may be a concrete or asphalt concrete, for directly receiving the traffic loads and provide a continuous smooth interface with the vehicle. 沥青混凝土面层的设计厚度应符合我国《公路沥青路面设计规范》 (JDG D50)规定,一般厚度介于12cm-18cm之间;其材料设计可根据我国《公路工程沥青及沥青混合料试验规程》(JTJ 052);其各项技术指标应符合我国应符合《公路沥青路面施工技术规范》(JTJ F40)规定。 Design of Asphalt concrete surface layer thickness should be consistent with our "asphalt pavement design specification" (JDG D50) predetermined, generally a thickness of between 12cm-18cm; The design of the material "road asphalt and asphalt testing procedures" (JTJ 052); its technical indicators should be consistent with China should comply with "asphalt pavement construction specifications" (JTJ F40). 水泥混凝土的设计厚度应符合我国《公路水泥混凝土路面设计规范》(JDG D40),一般厚度介于15cm-50cm之间;其材料设计可根据我国《公路工程水泥及水泥混凝土试验规程》(JTJ E30),其各项技术指标应符合我国《公路水泥混凝土路面施工技术规范》(JTJ F30)规定。 Design thickness of concrete should meet the "Highway Pavement Design of cement concrete" (JDG D40), typically a thickness of between 15cm-50cm; which is designed according to the material of "Highway Engineering Cement cement and concrete testing procedures" (JTJ E30 ), its technical indicators should be consistent with China's "road cement concrete pavement construction specifications" (JTJ F30) regulations.

[0013] 为了进一步优化设计方案,所述透光抗滑磨耗层采用透光混凝土或/和0.5-5毫米厚度透光的环氧树脂制成,所述透光混凝土制备原料至少包括以下重量份组分:环氧树脂2 ~12份、玻璃颗粒84~97.4份以及固化剂0.6~4份,所述环氧树脂、玻璃颗粒以及固化剂都可透光,优选地,所述树脂、环氧树脂、玻璃颗粒以及固化剂都是无色透明的;更优选地,所述透光抗滑磨耗层的厚度为0 · lcm-2cm〇 [0013] In order to further optimize the design, the light transmitting layer is made of translucent concrete sliding wear and / or thickness of the light transmissive epoxy is made 0.5-5 mm, the translucent concrete preparation of starting materials comprises at least the following parts by weight component: epoxy resin, 2 to 12 parts, from 0.6 to 4 parts glass particles and 84 to 97.4 parts of a curing agent, the epoxy resin, curing agent and glass particles can be light transmissive, preferably, the resin, epoxy resin, glass particles and a curing agent are colorless and transparent; more preferably, a thickness of the light-transmitting sliding wear layer 0 · lcm-2cm〇

[0014] 优选地,透光抗滑磨耗层透具有表面粗糙纹理,纹理深度和抗滑安全性均应满足我国《公路路基路面现场测试规程》(JTJ 059)的规定。 [0014] Preferably, the transparent layer having a light-transmitting sliding wear surface roughness texture, and the texture depth should meet the requirements of safety against sliding "Field test pavement subgrade" (JTJ 059) in China.

[0015] 环氧树脂是泛指分子中含有两个或两个以上环氧基团的有机化合物。 [0015] The epoxy resin is a molecule refers to an organic compound containing two or more epoxy groups.

[0016] 更优选地,所述环氧树脂可以选自E型环氧树脂(HJ2-741-72)、双酚A型环氧树脂(GB/T13657)、双酚F型环氧树脂、多酚型缩水甘油醚环氧树脂、脂肪族缩水甘油醚环氧树月旨、缩水甘油酯型环氧树脂、缩水甘油胺型环氧树脂、环氧化烯烃化合物、杂环型环氧树脂、 混合型环氧树脂或者聚氨酯改性环氧树脂中的任意一种或几种。 [0016] More preferably, the epoxy resin may be selected from Groups E type epoxy resin (HJ2-741-72), bisphenol A type epoxy resin (GB / T13657), bisphenol F type epoxy resins, multi- phenol type glycidyl ether epoxy resins, aliphatic glycidyl ether epoxy resin months purpose, glycidyl ester type epoxy resins, glycidyl amine type epoxy resins, epoxidized olefinic compounds, heterocyclic epoxy resin, mixed any one or more epoxy resins or polyurethane-modified epoxy resin.

[0017] 更优选地,所述固化剂选自脂肪多元胺型固化剂、脂环多元胺型固化剂、芳香胺类型固化剂、酸酐类型固化剂、聚酰胺类型固化剂、改性胺类型固化剂、潜伏性固化剂或合成树脂类环氧固化剂中的任意一种或几种。 [0017] More preferably, the curing agent is selected from aliphatic polyvalent amine type curing agents, cycloaliphatic polyamine curing agents, aromatic amine type curing agents, acid anhydride type curing agent, a polyamide type curing agent, an amine type curing modified any one or more agents, latent curing agent or a synthetic resinous epoxy curing agent. 固化剂应符合相关化学品规范或规格要求,优先选用无色液体固化剂。 Hardener should meet the relevant specifications or chemical specifications, colorless liquid curing agent is preferred.

[0018] 较佳地,所述脂肪多元胺型固化剂可以为乙二胺,脂环多元胺型固化剂可以为二氨甲基环已烷,芳香胺类型固化剂可以为间苯二胺,酸酐类型固化剂可以为苯酮四羧酸二酐,聚酰胺类型固化剂可以为芳胺及其改性物,改性胺类型固化剂可以为烷基醇胺,潜伏性固化剂可以为三氟化硼单乙胺,合成树脂类环氧固化剂苯胺甲醛树脂。 [0018] Preferably, the aliphatic polyamine type curing agent may be ethylene diamine, alicyclic polyamine type curing agent may be two aminomethyl cyclohexane, aromatic amine type curing agent may be m-phenylenediamine, acid anhydride type curing agent may be a benzophenone tetracarboxylic dianhydride, polyamide type curing agent may be aromatic amine and modified products thereof, modified amine type curing agent may be an alkyl alcohol amine latent curing agent may be a trifluoromethyl monoethylamine boron, synthetic resinous epoxy curing agent of an aniline-formaldehyde resin.

[0019] 更优选地,所述玻璃颗粒可以选自普通玻璃颗粒或者钢化玻璃颗粒。 [0019] More preferably, the glass particles may be selected from ordinary glass particles or glass particles.

[0020] 更优选地,所述环氧树脂、玻璃颗粒以及固化剂采用最优比例的重量份,所述最优比例的确定方法包括以下步骤: [0020] More preferably, the epoxy resin, glass particles and a curing agent using the optimal ratio of parts by weight, the method of determining the optimum ratio comprises the steps of:

[0021] (1)按比例范围内选取多个不同质量比例的环氧树脂和固化剂的组合物进行试配,确定各组合物的凝胶时间,所述凝胶时间大于具体施工操作时间的组合物中环氧树脂和固化剂比例为预估的最优质量比例范围;在最优质量比例范围内任意选择一个比例作为本次使用的比例; [0021] (1) the proportion by mass ratio different from the selection of a plurality of an epoxy resin composition and a curing agent with a trial to determine the gel time for each composition, the gel time is greater than the operation time of the specific construction the ratio of epoxy resin and the curing agent composition is estimated optimum mass ratio range; a ratio arbitrarily selected in this ratio is used as a mass ratio within the optimum range;

[0022] (2)将玻璃颗粒配置成集料; [0022] (2) The glass particles configured to aggregate;

[0023] (3)将含固化剂的环氧树脂与集料配制至少5种不同比例的混合料试样;所述环氧树脂中固化剂的含量为步骤⑴中所确定的比例,优选地,所述环氧树脂和集料的比例按照固定步长分布于上述的比例范围的内; [0023] (3) an epoxy resin containing a curing agent is formulated with aggregate at least 5 different proportions of the sample mixture; the epoxy resin curing agent in a ratio determined in step ⑴, preferably the ratio of epoxy resin and aggregate according to a fixed step size distribution ratio within the above range;

[0024] ⑷对试样分别进行拉拔试验、表面构造深度试验、抗滑试验、透光率试验,每种试样至少平行试验6次,并统计其平均值作为测量结果,确定每种试验中符合施工要求标准的玻璃颗粒和环氧树脂的质量比范围; [0024] ⑷ samples were drawn for testing, depth testing surface configuration, sliding tests, the light transmittance of the test, each test specimen parallel to at least six times, and the average value as the statistical measurement results, each test is determined construction quality standards that meet the requirements of glass particles and epoxy ratio range;

[0025] (5)将同时满足步骤(4)所述的4种试验的玻璃颗粒和环氧树脂的质量比范围作为最佳选择。 [0025] (5) satisfy the step (4) the quality of the four kinds of test glass particles and an epoxy resin ratio range as the best choice.

[0026] 优选地,所述施工要求标准包括以下特征中的任意一种或几种: [0026] Preferably, the construction requirements criteria comprises any one or more of the following features:

[0027] 1)所述拉拔试验中试样的拉拔强度大于等于IMPa; The test sample [0027] 1) greater than or equal pull-pull strength of IMPA;

[0028] 2)所述表面构造深度试验中试样构造深度为0.6~0.8mm; [0028] 2) the test sample surface depth structure configured depth of 0.6 ~ 0.8mm;

[0029] 3)所述抗滑试验中试样抗滑摆值大于等于42; [0029] 3) sliding said sliding pendulum test sample value equals 42;

[0030] 4)所述透光率试验中试样透光率大于等于80%。 [0030] 4) the light transmittance of the test specimen 80% or more transmittance.

[0031] 为了进一步优化设计方案,所述太阳能光伏发电层包括从下至上依次设置粘结层、绝缘密封层以及太阳能光伏板层。 [0031] In order to further optimize the design, the solar photovoltaic power generation layer comprises from bottom to top, providing an adhesive layer, an insulating layer and a sealing layer solar photovoltaic panels.

[0032] 所述太阳能光伏板层所采用的太阳能光伏电池板应符合我国《地面用晶体硅太阳电池总规范》(GB/T 29195)规定,经导电线缆连接形成发电回路,经汇流箱、逆变器等辅助电气设备实现分布式并网或离网发电系统。 [0032] The solar photovoltaic panel PV plies used should comply of "General specification ground crystalline silicon solar cell" (GB / T 29195) provides that the cable connection is formed by a conductive power circuit, the combiner box, auxiliary electrical equipment such as an inverter and implement the distributed network, or off-grid system.

[0033] 优选地,太阳能光伏电池可以为单晶硅光伏电池、多晶硅光伏电池。 [0033] Preferably, the solar cell may be a single crystal silicon photovoltaic solar cells, polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic cell. 更优选地,所述太阳能光伏板层的厚度为0.01 cm-0. lcm〇 More preferably, the thickness of the layer of photovoltaic panels of 0.01 cm-0. Lcm〇

[0034] 优选地,所述太阳能光伏电池板层上方还设置保护层,更优选地,所述保护层为钢化玻璃层或树脂玻璃。 [0034] Preferably, the above photovoltaic solar cell panel layer further protective layer, and more preferably, the protective layer is a layer of glass or Plexiglas. 所述钢化玻璃层或树脂玻璃,其各项技术指标应符合我国《建筑用安全玻璃;KGB 15763)规定,厚度不小于3_,表面应力不小于90MPa。 The glass layer is a glass or a resin, which comply with the technical specifications of "safety glass used in construction; KGB 15763) provides a thickness of not less than 3_, the surface stress of not less than 90MPa.

[0035] 优选地,所述绝缘密封层采用乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚物EVA胶膜、硅橡胶、中性硅酮耐候胶、环氧树脂、钢化玻璃或玻璃纤维增强塑料中的任意一种或几种制成。 [0035] Preferably, the insulating sealing layer using an ethylene - any one plastics film EVA vinyl acetate copolymer, silicone rubber, weathering neutral silicone glue, epoxy, glass, or glass fiber reinforced or several species made. 所述乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚物EVA胶膜应符合《光伏组件封装用乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚物EVA胶膜》(GB/T 29848);所述硅橡胶应符合《地面用光伏组件密封材料硅橡胶密封剂》(GB/T 29595)。 The ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer EVA film should meet the "PV module encapsulation with ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer EVA film" (GB / T 29848); the silicone rubber should follow the "terrestrial photovoltaic modules silicone sealant sealant "(GB / T 29595). 优选地,所述绝缘密封层的厚度为〇· lcm-2cm〇 Preferably, the sealing layer has a thickness of the insulating billion · lcm-2cm〇

[0036] 优选地,所述绝缘密封层采用环氧树脂或玻璃纤维增强塑料制成时,所述太阳能光伏电池板层封装在透光抗滑磨耗层和绝缘层密封之间。 When [0036] Preferably, the insulating sealing layer using an epoxy resin or glass fiber reinforced plastic, the solar photovoltaic panels in the light-transmitting layer encapsulates sliding wear between the sealing layer and the insulating layer.

[0037] 为了进一步优化设计方案,所述保护层和绝缘密封层都采用钢化玻璃或者树脂玻璃制成时,所述保护层和绝缘密封层为一体成型,所述太阳能光伏电池板层封装于钢化玻璃或者树脂玻璃中,其各项技术指标不低于《建筑用太阳能光伏夹层玻璃》(GB 29551)规定的技术标准。 When [0037] In order to further optimize the design of the protective insulating layer and the sealing layer are made of Plexiglas or glass, the protective insulating layer and the sealing layer are integrally formed, the solar photovoltaic panels encapsulation layer toughening glass or Plexiglas, which is the technical standard specifications is not less than a predetermined "photovoltaic laminated glass building" (GB 29551).

[0038] 为了进一步优化设计方案,所述保护层为钢化玻璃,所述绝缘密封层采用玻璃纤维增强塑料或环氧树脂制成,所述太阳能光伏电池板层封装在保护层和绝缘层密封之间。 [0038] In order to further optimize the design of the protective glass layer, said sealing layer insulating glass fiber reinforced plastic or epoxy resin, the solar photovoltaic panels in the package encapsulant layer and the protective layer insulating layer between. [0039] 为了进一步优化设计方案,所述粘结层选用具有粘结能力的材料制成,优选为环氧树脂、乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚物EVA树脂、中性硅酮耐候胶、沥青或改性沥青中的任意一种或几种,其各项技术指标应满足相关行业技术标准,粘结强度不小于IMpa,更优选地,所述粘结层的厚度为〇· lcm-2cm〇 [0039] In order to further optimize the design, selection of the bonding layer is made of a material having a binding ability, preferably an epoxy resin, an ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer EVA resin, weathering neutral silicone glue, bitumen or modified any one or more of bitumen, its technical specifications should meet the relevant industry technical standards, is not less than the adhesive strength of IMPA, more preferably, the thickness of the adhesive layer is square · lcm-2cm〇

[0040] 为了进一步优化设计方案,所述粘结层下方根据设计可设置线缆层,优选地所述线缆层选自采用沥青混合料、改性沥青混合料、沥青砂或CA砂浆中的任意一种或几种,优选地,所述线缆层为1 cm-5 cm 〇 [0040] In order to further optimize the design, the design below the adhesive layer may be provided according to a cable layer, preferably the cable layer is selected from asphalt, modified asphalt, tar sands or mortar employed CA any one or more, preferably, the cable layer is a square 1 cm-5 cm

[0041] 为了进一步优化设计方案,所述太阳能光伏发电路面还包括以下特征中的任意一种或两种: [0041] In order to further optimize the design, the solar photovoltaic power generation pavement further comprises either or both of the following features:

[0042] (1)所述路基和基层之间还设有垫层,所述垫层采级配碎石或沙砾制成;当处于土质不良、路基过湿等不利条件时,可在路基上设置垫层。 [0042] (1) the base layer is also provided between the subgrade and the cushion, the cushion is made of crushed stone or mining graded gravel; when the soil is poor, and other adverse conditions too wet roadbed, the roadbed may be setting cushion.

[0043] (2)所述基层下方还设置基底层,所述底基层采用无机稳定土、级配碎石或沥青混合料制成,优选地,可设置18 cm-20cm。 [0043] (2) disposed below said base layer further base layer, the base layer using an inorganic stabilized soil, gravel or graded asphalt made, preferably, be provided 18 cm-20cm.

[0044]另一方面,本发明提供了太阳能光伏发电路面用于太阳能发电的用途。 [0044] another aspect, the present invention provides for the use of solar photovoltaic solar power road.

[0045]如上所述,本发明的太阳能光伏发电路面,具有以下有益效果: [0045] As described above, the solar photovoltaic power generation according to the present invention a road surface, has the following advantages:

[0046] 1.路基和路面作为道路承重层,其结构强度、抗疲劳、抗变形能力均符合我国沥青路面设计规范,从而保证了路面的结构承载力,为太阳能光伏板层提供了可靠又稳定的支撑,避免因过量变形等原因而发生破坏。 [0046] 1. the road as the road subgrade support layer and its structural strength, fatigue resistance, deformation resistance are in line with the design specifications of the asphalt pavement, so as to ensure the bearing capacity of the road structure, to provide a reliable and stable layer of photovoltaic panels support, to avoid excessive deformation and damage reasons occurred.

[0047] 2.太阳能光伏板发电层在上部保护层和下部绝缘密封层的保护下,一方面防止车辆轮胎直接碾压而发生破碎,另一方面,进行了有效的绝缘和密封后,隔绝了道路湿度的影响,一方面防止了直接接地而造成的漏电,另一方面也杜绝光伏电池蜗牛纹的产生,同时实现了零PID (电势诱导衰减)极大地保证了发电效率。 After [0047] 2. A photovoltaic panels generating layer upper protective layer and a lower insulating lower protective sealing layer, on the one hand to prevent crushing vehicle tires and direct rolling occurs, on the other hand, for an effective insulation and seals, cut off the impact of road humidity, while preventing leakage caused by direct grounding, on the other hand also eliminate the production of photovoltaic cells snail pattern, while achieving zero PID (potential induced degradation) greatly ensure the efficiency of power generation.

[0048] 3.透光抗滑磨耗层铺设于太阳能光伏板发电层之上,不但进一步保护了发电光伏板的安全,而且凭借其表面粗糙纹理为行驶车辆提供了可靠的摩擦力,有力的保障了行驶安全。 [0048] 3. The light-transmitting layer is laid over the sliding wear solar photovoltaic panels generating layer, not only to further protect the safety of the power generation of the photovoltaic panels, and with rough surface texture to provide a reliable friction travel of the vehicle, effective protection driving safety.

[0049] 4.线缆层、粘结层等辅助层次作为太阳能光伏发电路面必不可少的功能层次,不仅完善了太阳能发电路面结构,而且能够起到缓冲、粘结等辅助作用。 [0049] 4. The secondary hierarchy cable layers, tie layers or the like as solar photovoltaic essential functional level road, only improved solar power pavement structure, and can play a secondary role of a buffer, bonding or the like.

[0050] 5.各层次分工协作、共同构成了一个有效的整体结构,在保证行车安全和路面结构安全的前提下,将太阳能光伏发电技术有机的融入,实现道路交通功能和光伏发电功能的协调运行。 [0050] The division of labor at all levels, together constitute an effective overall structure, to ensure traffic safety and pavement structural safety of the premise, the solar photovoltaic technology organic integration, to achieve the coordination of road traffic function and photovoltaic power generation function run.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0051] 以下通过特定的具体实例说明本发明的实施方式,本领域技术人员可由本说明书所揭露的内容轻易地了解本发明的其他优点与功效。 [0051] Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention by certain specific examples, those skilled in the art disclosed in this specification may readily understand the content of other advantages and effects of the present invention. 本发明还可以通过另外不同的具体实施方式加以实施或应用,本说明书中的各项细节也可以基于不同观点与应用,在没有背离本发明的精神下进行各种修饰或改变。 The present invention may also be implemented or applied through other different specific embodiments, the details of the specification may be carried out in various modified or changed without departing from the spirit of the invention based on various concepts and applications.

[0052] 实施例1 [0052] Example 1

Figure CN106592374AD00081

[0055] [0055]

Figure CN106592374AD00091

[0056] 在本实施例中没有设置线缆层,而是在面层直接开槽敷设线缆。 [0056] The embodiment is not provided in the present embodiment the cable layer, but the surface layer is directly slotted cable laying. [0057] 实施例3 [0057] Example 3

Figure CN106592374AD00101

[0060] [0060]

Figure CN106592374AD00111

[0061] 在本实施例中没有设置线缆层,而是在面层直接开槽敷设线缆。 [0061] The embodiment is not provided in the present embodiment the cable layer, but the surface layer is directly slotted cable laying.

[0062]以上的实施例是为了说明本发明公开的实施方案,并不能理解为对本发明的限制。 [0062] The above embodiment examples are intended to illustrate embodiments of the present disclosure, and should not be construed as limiting the present invention. 此外,本文所列出的各种修改以及发明中方法、组合物的变化,在不脱离本发明的范围和精神的前提下对本领域内的技术人员来说是显而易见的。 Further, various modifications and method of the invention set forth herein, changes in the composition, without departing from the scope and spirit of the present invention, on the premise of skill in the art will be apparent. 虽然已结合本发明的多种具体优选实施例对本发明进行了具体的描述,但应当理解,本发明不应仅限于这些具体实施例。 Although the present invention in conjunction with various specific preferred embodiments of the present invention has been specifically described, it is to be understood that the present invention should not be limited to these specific embodiments. 事实上,各种如上所述的对本领域内的技术人员来说显而易见的修改来获取发明都应包括在本发明的范围内。 Indeed, various of those skilled in the art it is obvious modifications described above to obtain the present invention is intended to be included within the scope of the invention.

Claims (12)

  1. 1. 一种太阳能光伏发电路面,其特征在于,所述太阳能光伏发电路面至少包括从下至上依次设置:路基、基层、面层、太阳能光伏发电层以及透光抗滑磨耗层。 A solar photovoltaic power generation surface, wherein said solar photovoltaic power generation comprising at least a road surface sequentially arranged from bottom to top: the roadbed, the base layer, surface layer, and a light transmitting layer solar photovoltaic sliding wear layer.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能光伏发电路面,其特征在于:所述透光抗滑磨耗层采用透光混凝土或/和0.5-5毫米厚度透光的环氧树脂制成,所述透光混凝土制备原料至少包括以下重量份组分:环氧树脂2~12份、玻璃颗粒84~97.4份以及固化剂0.6~4份,所述环氧树脂、玻璃颗粒以及固化剂都可透光,优选地,所述环氧树脂、玻璃颗粒以及固化剂都是无色透明的。 2. The solar photovoltaic power generation according to claim 1 of the road surface, wherein: said wear layer is transparent to light transmissive sliding concrete or / and 0.5-5 mm thickness made of a light-transmitting epoxy resin, said permeable light concrete preparation of starting materials comprising at least the following parts by weight of component: 2 to 12 parts epoxy resin, 0.6 to 4 parts glass particles and 84 to 97.4 parts of a curing agent, the epoxy resin, curing agent and glass particles can be light transmissive, preferably, the epoxy resin, curing agent and glass particles are colorless and transparent.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能光伏发电路面,其特征在于:所述太阳能光伏发电层包括从下至上依次设置粘结层、绝缘密封层以及太阳能光伏电池板层。 3. The solar photovoltaic power generation according to claim 1 of the road surface, wherein: said solar photovoltaic power generation layer provided in this order from the bottom comprises an adhesive layer, an insulating layer and a sealing layer solar PV panels.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的太阳能光伏发电路面,其特征在于:所述太阳能光伏电池板层上方还设置保护层。 4. The solar photovoltaic power generation according to claim 3 of the road surface, wherein: the upper layer of the solar photovoltaic panel further protective layer.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求4所述的太阳能光伏发电路面,其特征在于:所述保护层为钢化玻璃或树脂玻璃。 5. The solar photovoltaic power generation according to claim 4, wherein the road surface, wherein: the resin layer is a glass or the protective glass.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求3所述的太阳能光伏发电路面,其特征在于:所述绝缘密封层采用乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚物EVA胶膜、硅橡胶、中性硅酮耐候胶、环氧树脂、钢化玻璃或玻璃纤维增强塑料中的任意一种或几种制成。 6. The solar PV pavement claim 3, wherein: said insulating layer is made of a sealing ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer EVA film, silicone rubber, weathering neutral silicone glue, epoxy, glass or glass fiber reinforced plastics or any one of several made.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求6所述的太阳能光伏发电路面,其特征在于:所述绝缘密封层采用环氧树脂或玻璃纤维增强塑料制成,所述太阳能光伏电池板层封装在透光抗滑磨耗层和绝缘层密封之间。 The solar photovoltaic power generation according to a road surface according to claim 6, wherein: said insulating layer is made of an epoxy seal or a glass fiber reinforced plastic, the solar photovoltaic panels in the light-transmitting layer encapsulates Friction Course and a seal between the insulating layer.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求5所述的太阳能光伏发电路面模块,其特征在于:所述保护层和绝缘密封层都采用钢化玻璃或者采用树脂玻璃制成,所述保护层和绝缘密封层为一体成型,所述太阳能光伏电池板层封装于钢化玻璃或者树脂玻璃中。 The solar photovoltaic power generation module pavement according to claim 5, characterized in that: said protective insulating layer and the sealing layer are made of tempered glass or Plexiglas, the protective insulating layer and the sealing layer is integrally formed, the solar PV panels encapsulated in glass or a resin layer of glass.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求5所述的太阳能光伏发电路面模块,其特征在于:所述保护层为钢化玻璃,所述绝缘密封层采用玻璃纤维增强塑料或环氧树脂制成,所述太阳能光伏电池板层封装在保护层和绝缘层密封之间。 9. The solar photovoltaic power generation module pavement according to claim 5, wherein: the protective layer is a glass, the insulating sealing layer made of glass fiber reinforced plastic or epoxy, the solar photovoltaic panels the protective layer is encapsulated in between the sealing layer and the insulating layer.
  10. 10. 根据权利要求3所述的太阳能光伏发电路面,其特征在于:所述粘结层选用具有粘结能力的材料制成,优选为环氧树脂、乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚物EVA树脂、中性硅酮耐候胶、沥青或改性沥青中的任意一种或几种。 10. A solar photovoltaic power generation according to claim 3 of the road surface, wherein: the adhesive layer is made of a material having a selected binding capacity, preferably an epoxy resin, an ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer EVA resin, neutral any one or more weathering silicone rubber, asphalt or modified asphalt.
  11. 11. 根据权利要求3所述的太阳能光伏发电路面,其特征在于:所述粘结层下方设置线缆层,优选地,所述线缆层选自采用沥青混合料、改性沥青混合料、沥青砂或CA砂浆中的任意一种或几种。 11. A solar photovoltaic power generation according to claim 3 of the road surface, wherein: the adhesive layer is provided below the cable layer, preferably, the cable layer is selected from asphalt mixture using modified asphalt mixture, any one or more of bituminous sands or CA mortar.
  12. 12. 如权利要求1所述的太阳能光伏发电路面用于太阳能发电的用途。 12. The solar photovoltaic power generation as claimed in claim 1, said road use for solar power generation.
CN 201610959259 2016-11-03 2016-11-03 Solar photovoltaic power generation pavement and application thereof CN106592374A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012080636A1 (en) * 2010-12-17 2012-06-21 Ludovic Giraud Electrical-energy generating floor element
CN204690527U (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-10-07 张航 Synthesize road surface structure of generating electricity
CN105978447A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-09-28 邢永安 Solar road power generation system
US20160301355A1 (en) * 2015-04-07 2016-10-13 Nicholas Rothwell Small Solar-cell paver, system, and method of installation
CN205669158U (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-11-02 潍坊歌尔电子有限公司 Intelligence solar energy road

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012080636A1 (en) * 2010-12-17 2012-06-21 Ludovic Giraud Electrical-energy generating floor element
CN204690527U (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-10-07 张航 Synthesize road surface structure of generating electricity
US20160301355A1 (en) * 2015-04-07 2016-10-13 Nicholas Rothwell Small Solar-cell paver, system, and method of installation
CN205669158U (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-11-02 潍坊歌尔电子有限公司 Intelligence solar energy road
CN105978447A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-09-28 邢永安 Solar road power generation system

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