CN106538459B - Goat breeding method - Google Patents

Goat breeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106538459B
CN106538459B CN201610928913.9A CN201610928913A CN106538459B CN 106538459 B CN106538459 B CN 106538459B CN 201610928913 A CN201610928913 A CN 201610928913A CN 106538459 B CN106538459 B CN 106538459B
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breeding
area
goats
sheep
pen
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CN106538459A (en
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潘克稳
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Sun Wanwei
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Taizhou Zhongzhi Yingjian Machinery Automation Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/01Removal of dung or urine, e.g. from stables
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

A goat breeding method belongs to the breeding industry and comprises the following steps: (1) building a sheep pen; (2) and (3) breeding goats: transferring the weaned goats to the sheep pen for captive breeding, and ensuring that the goats in the sheep pen are driven to the stocking area for stocking within 6-10 hours every day; (3) feeding goats: the feed for the goats is prepared by fermenting 20-30 parts of corn straws and 20-30 parts of sugarcane straws in parts by weight, wherein each goat is fed with 1-1.5 kg of feed per day on average, and the feeding times per day are 2-4 times; (4) epidemic disease prevention and control; (5) and (5) managing the sheep pen. The goat breeding method disclosed by the invention is beneficial to healthy growth of the goats and improves the breeding quality of the goats.

Description

Goat breeding method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the breeding industry, in particular to a goat breeding method.
Background
Chinese goat breeding history is long, and the goat breeding characters are recorded as early as summer business times. Over one thousand years ago, Chinese workers begin to feed goats and then gradually develop the scale. The goat production has the characteristics of high reproduction rate, strong adaptability, easy management and the like, and is widely raised in vast agricultural and pastoral areas in China up to now. After the reform is opened, the Chinese goat industry develops rapidly and the achievement is obvious. The Chinese goats are distributed in a wide area, more than half of the goats in provinces (regions) are more than sheep throughout the country.
Most of the existing goat breeding methods are used for breeding in flat ground, and excrement is accumulated in a sheep shed, so that the healthy growth of goats is not facilitated. In addition, the southern area is rainy, the ground is wet, and the goat is easy to be infected and sick. Accumulated excrement and urine in the sheep hurdle needs people to often clear up, and manpower labour is powerful.
Meanwhile, the existing breeding method is basically to breed in captivity, so that the movement amount of the goats in a sheep house is small, the meat quality of the goats is not strong enough, and the quality of the bred goats is poor. A stocking area is established around the sheep pen, so that land resources are fully utilized, the goats can be stocked, the breeding quality of the goats is improved, and the economic maximum benefit is better realized.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, a goat breeding method is needed, which is not only beneficial to healthy growth of goats, but also improves the breeding quality of goats.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a goat breeding method comprises the following steps:
(1) building a sheep pen: building a sheep pen on a hillside land, laying a seam-leaking type pen bed in the sheep pen, surrounding the seam-leaking type pen bed by using fences, and building a ceiling above the sheep pen; meanwhile, the surrounding open space of the sheep pen is encircled to form a stocking area; a channel is formed in the sheep pen to communicate with the stocking area;
(2) and (3) breeding goats: transferring the weaned goats to the sheep pen for captive breeding, and ensuring that the goats in the sheep pen are driven to the stocking area for stocking within 6-10 hours every day;
(3) feeding goats: the feed for the goats is prepared by fermenting 20-30 parts of corn straws and 20-30 parts of sugarcane straws in parts by weight, wherein each goat is fed with 1-1.5 kg of feed per day on average, and the feeding times per day are 2-4 times;
(4) and (3) epidemic disease prevention and control: various disease prevention and treatment measures of the goat are taken;
(5) managing a sheep pen: cleaning the sheep pen, and killing the rats, mosquitoes and flies in the sheep pen at regular time.
Further, in the step (1), the slope of the hilly land is 30 ° to 70 °.
Further, in the step (1), the stocking area is enclosed by a net.
Further, in the step (3), the fermentation days of the feed are 14-16 days in a hot day and 28-30 days in a cold day.
Further, in the step (3), the water content is controlled to be 40-50% during the fermentation of the feed.
Further, in the step (5), the sheep cot is cleaned and cleaned on time every 2-3 days.
Due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the goat breeding method, a goat house is built on a slope to breed goats in pens, a leak-seam shed bed is laid in the goat house, the periphery of the leak-seam shed bed is surrounded by fences, and a ceiling is built above the goat house; the excrement and urine of goat drops to the slope in directly following the gap of small opening formula sheepfold bed, rolls down from the upper end on slope by the action of gravity again to accomplish the cleaning work of sheep hurdle voluntarily, use manpower sparingly. And the sheep pen is ventilated and dried, and excrement accumulation is avoided, so that the infection of germs is reduced, and the healthy growth of the goats is facilitated. Meanwhile, the goat is put in a suitable place to breed for 6-10 h every day by enclosing the net around the goat house, so that the quantity of exercise of the goat is improved, and the quality of the goat is improved.
2. According to the goat breeding method, the feed is prepared by fermenting the corn straws and the sugarcane straws, the corn straws contain more than 30% of carbohydrate, 2% -4% of protein and 0.5% -1% of fat, and the sugarcane straws contain a large amount of organic matters, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, trace elements and the like, so that the nutritional requirements of the goat in the growth process are met, and the raw material cost is low.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terminology used in the description of the invention herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
Example 1:
a goat breeding method comprises the following steps:
(1) building a sheep pen: and (3) constructing a sheep pen on a hilly land with the gradient of 30 degrees, paving a seam leakage type pen bed in the sheep pen and constructing a ceiling. The seam-leaking type bed is vertically erected on a hillside land through four supporting legs and is fixed. The formula of leaking seam house bed adopts a plurality of sticks to lay, stick interval 8mm, the stick is eucalyptus tree plug. The stick is connected through a plurality of connecting pieces, and the connecting pieces are cables and rubber belts. The ceiling is supported above the leak-off type bed by four top beams, and in the embodiment, the ceiling is arc-shaped. And pulling the net enclosure upwards in the open space around the sheep pen to form a stocking area. The sheep hurdle is divided into two breeding areas, the first breeding area is close to the bottom end of a hillside land, and the second breeding area is connected with the stocking area. The bed surface of the second culture area is higher than that of the first culture area. The two breeding areas are surrounded by fence type enclosure. One side of the first culture area, which is close to the second culture area, is provided with a channel so as to communicate with the outdoor area. Two breeding areas are provided with box doors. One side of the two culture areas close to the channel is provided with a feeding groove and an automatic drinking fountain. The two breeding areas are divided into seven breeding rooms by grid type fences respectively, and each breeding room is correspondingly provided with a box door to communicate the channel and further communicate the outdoor area. The corresponding slope type ground under the sheep cot is a dung collecting area, and cement is laid in the dung collecting area;
(2) and (3) breeding goats: the weaned goats are transferred to the goat house for captive breeding, and the goats in the goat house are kept in the stocking area for 6 hours every day for stocking;
(3) feeding goats: the feed for the goats is prepared by fermenting 20 parts of corn straws and 20 parts of sugarcane straws in parts by weight. The fermentation days of the feed are as follows: fermenting for 14 days in hot days and 28 days in cold days. When the feed is fermented, the water content is controlled to be 40%. Feeding 1kg of feed per day for each goat on average, wherein the feeding frequency is 2 times per day;
(4) and (3) epidemic disease prevention and control: various disease prevention and treatment measures of the goat are taken;
(5) managing a sheep pen: cleaning the sheep pen well, and cleaning the sheep pen on time every 2 days. And killing rats, mosquitoes and flies in the sheep pen at regular time.
Example 2:
a goat breeding method comprises the following steps:
(1) building a sheep pen: and (3) constructing a sheep pen on a hilly land with the gradient of 50 degrees, paving a seam leakage type pen bed in the sheep pen and constructing a ceiling. The seam-leaking type bed is vertically erected on a hillside land through four supporting legs and is fixed. The leak seam formula shed bed adopts a plurality of sticks to lay, stick interval 9mm, the stick is eucalyptus tree plug. The stick is connected through a plurality of connecting pieces, and the connecting pieces are cables and rubber belts. The ceiling is supported above the leak-off type bed by four top beams, and in the embodiment, the ceiling is arc-shaped. And pulling the net enclosure upwards in the open space around the sheep pen to form a stocking area. The sheep hurdle is divided into two breeding areas, the first breeding area is close to the bottom end of a hillside land, and the second breeding area is connected with the stocking area. The bed surface of the second culture area is higher than that of the first culture area. The two breeding areas are surrounded by fence type enclosure. One side of the first culture area, which is close to the second culture area, is provided with a channel so as to communicate with the outdoor area. Two breeding areas are provided with box doors. One side of the two culture areas close to the channel is provided with a feeding groove and an automatic drinking fountain. The two breeding areas are divided into seven breeding rooms by grid type fences respectively, and each breeding room is correspondingly provided with a box door to communicate the channel and further communicate the outdoor area. The corresponding slope type ground under the sheep cot is a dung collecting area, and cement is laid in the dung collecting area;
(2) and (3) breeding goats: the weaned goats are transferred to the goat house for captive breeding, and the goats in the goat house are kept in the stocking area for 8 hours every day for stocking;
(3) feeding goats: the feed for the goats is prepared by fermenting 25 parts of corn straws and 25 parts of sugarcane straws in parts by weight. The fermentation days of the feed are as follows: fermenting for 15 days in hot days and fermenting for 29 days in cold days. When the feed is fermented, the water content is controlled to be 45%. Feeding 1.25kg of feed per goat per day for 3 times per day;
(4) and (3) epidemic disease prevention and control: various disease prevention and treatment measures of the goat are taken;
(5) managing a sheep pen: cleaning the sheep pen well, and cleaning the sheep pen on time every 2 days. And killing rats, mosquitoes and flies in the sheep pen at regular time.
Example 3:
a goat breeding method comprises the following steps:
(1) building a sheep pen: and (3) constructing a sheep pen on a hilly land with the gradient of 70 degrees, paving a seam leakage type pen bed in the sheep pen and constructing a ceiling. The seam-leaking type bed is vertically erected on a hillside land through four supporting legs and is fixed. The leak seam formula shed bed adopts a plurality of sticks to lay, stick interval 10mm, the stick is eucalyptus tree plug. The stick is connected through a plurality of connecting pieces, and the connecting pieces are cables and rubber belts. The ceiling is supported above the leak-off type bed by four top beams, and in the embodiment, the ceiling is arc-shaped. And pulling the net enclosure upwards in the open space around the sheep pen to form a stocking area. The sheep hurdle is divided into two breeding areas, the first breeding area is close to the bottom end of a hillside land, and the second breeding area is connected with the stocking area. The bed surface of the second culture area is higher than that of the first culture area. The two breeding areas are surrounded by fence type enclosure. One side of the first culture area, which is close to the second culture area, is provided with a channel so as to communicate with the outdoor area. Two breeding areas are provided with box doors. One side of the two culture areas close to the channel is provided with a feeding groove and an automatic drinking fountain. The two breeding areas are divided into seven breeding rooms by grid type fences respectively, and each breeding room is correspondingly provided with a box door to communicate the channel and further communicate the outdoor area. The corresponding slope type ground under the sheep cot is a dung collecting area, and cement is laid in the dung collecting area;
(2) and (3) breeding goats: the weaned goats are transferred to the goat house for captive breeding, and the goats in the goat house are kept in the stocking area for 10 hours every day for stocking;
(3) feeding goats: the feed for the goats is prepared by fermenting 30 parts of corn straws and 30 parts of sugarcane straws in parts by weight. The fermentation days of the feed are as follows: fermenting for 16 days in hot days and fermenting for 30 days in cold days. When the feed is fermented, the water content is controlled to be 50%. Feeding 1.5kg of feed per goat per day for 4 times per day;
(4) and (3) epidemic disease prevention and control: various disease prevention and treatment measures of the goat are taken;
(5) managing a sheep pen: cleaning the sheep pen well, and cleaning the sheep pen regularly every 3 days. And killing rats, mosquitoes and flies in the sheep pen at regular time.
The above description is intended to describe in detail the preferred embodiments of the present invention, but the embodiments are not intended to limit the scope of the claims of the present invention, and all equivalent changes and modifications made within the technical spirit of the present invention should fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. A goat breeding method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
(1) building a sheep pen: building a sheep pen on a hillside land, laying a seam-leaking type pen bed in the sheep pen, surrounding the seam-leaking type pen bed by using fences, and building a ceiling above the sheep pen; meanwhile, the surrounding open space of the sheep pen is encircled to form a stocking area; a channel is formed in the sheep pen to communicate with the stocking area;
(2) and (3) breeding goats: transferring the weaned goats to the sheep pen for captive breeding, and ensuring that the goats in the sheep pen are driven to the stocking area for stocking within 6-10 hours every day;
(3) feeding goats: the feed for the goats is prepared by fermenting 20-30 parts of corn straws and 20-30 parts of sugarcane straws in parts by weight, wherein each goat is fed with 1-1.5 kg of feed per day on average, and the feeding times per day are 2-4 times;
(4) and (3) epidemic disease prevention and control: various disease prevention and treatment measures of the goat are taken;
(5) managing a sheep pen: cleaning the sheep pen, and killing mice, mosquitoes and flies in the sheep pen at regular time;
building a sheep pen in the step (1): building a sheep pen on a hilly land with the gradient of 50 degrees, wherein the leak seam type pen bed is vertically erected on the hilly land through four supporting legs and is fixed; the seam-leaking type shed bed is paved by adopting a plurality of sticks, the distance between the sticks is 9mm, and the sticks are eucalyptus tree core rods; the sticks are connected through a plurality of connecting pieces, and the connecting pieces are cables and rubber belts; the ceiling is supported above the seam leakage type shed bed through four top beams and is arc-shaped; the sheep house is divided into two breeding areas, wherein the first breeding area is close to the bottom end of a hillside land, and the second breeding area is connected with the stocking area; the bed surface of the second culture area is higher than that of the first culture area; the two culture areas are surrounded by fence type fences; a channel is arranged on one side of the first culture area close to the second culture area so as to communicate with the outdoor area; the two culture areas are provided with box doors; one sides of the two culture areas close to the channel are provided with feeding grooves and automatic water drinkers; the two breeding areas are divided into seven breeding rooms by grid type fences respectively, and each breeding room is correspondingly provided with a box door to communicate the passage and further communicate the outdoor area; the corresponding slope type ground under the sheep cot is a dung collecting area, and cement is laid in the dung collecting area.
2. The goat breeding method as set forth in claim 1, wherein: in the step (3), the fermentation days of the feed are 14-16 days in hot days and 28-30 days in cold days.
3. The goat breeding method as set forth in claim 1, wherein: in the step (3), the water content is controlled to be 40-50% during the fermentation of the feed.
4. The goat breeding method as set forth in claim 1, wherein: in the step (5), the sheep cot is cleaned on time every 2-3 days.
CN201610928913.9A 2016-10-31 2016-10-31 Goat breeding method Active CN106538459B (en)

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107455320A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-12-12 合肥合丰牧业有限公司 A kind of prophylactic method of forest zone sheep raising
CN107960369A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-04-27 桂林市安琪玫瑰农业发展有限公司 A kind of cultural method of goat
CN108633832A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-10-12 田林县真品农牧种养专业合作社 A kind of breeding method of illiciumverum sheep

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104430168A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-25 代洪平 Ecological breeding method of goats
CN106538403A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-03-29 潘克稳 A kind of goat three-dimensional culture field

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104430168A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-25 代洪平 Ecological breeding method of goats
CN106538403A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-03-29 潘克稳 A kind of goat three-dimensional culture field

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Effective date of registration: 20200116

Address after: 317000 No. 5-100, Fengchuan Village, Shaojiadu Street, Linhai City, Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province

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Address after: No. 3, 4th Floor, Building 1, Zone A1, Shengshi Hecheng, No. 1003-9 Jingang Avenue, Gangbei District, Guigang City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 537100 (No. 1-4, Zone E, Kehui Zhongchuang Space Hall, Guigang City)

Patentee after: Guigang Worston Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 317000 no.5-100 Jianchuan village, shaojiadu street, Linhai City, Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province

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Address before: No. 3, 4th Floor, Building 1, Zone A1, Shengshi Hecheng, No. 1003-9 Jingang Avenue, Gangbei District, Guigang City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 537100 (No. 1-4, Zone E, Kehui Zhongchuang Space Hall, Guigang City)

Patentee before: Guigang Worston Technology Co.,Ltd.