CN106498837B - A kind of bridge and its construction method - Google Patents

A kind of bridge and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106498837B
CN106498837B CN201610957078.1A CN201610957078A CN106498837B CN 106498837 B CN106498837 B CN 106498837B CN 201610957078 A CN201610957078 A CN 201610957078A CN 106498837 B CN106498837 B CN 106498837B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bridge
tower
line
drag
main
Prior art date
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CN201610957078.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106498837A (en
Inventor
晋智斌
卫星
任娟娟
裴适龄
刘红燕
胡川川
肖林
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西南交通大学
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Priority to CN201610957078.1A priority Critical patent/CN106498837B/en
Publication of CN106498837A publication Critical patent/CN106498837A/en
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Publication of CN106498837B publication Critical patent/CN106498837B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D11/00Suspension or cable-stayed bridges
    • E01D11/04Cable-stayed bridges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D19/00Structural or constructional details of bridges
    • E01D19/14Towers; Anchors ; Connection of cables to bridge parts; Saddle supports
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D19/00Structural or constructional details of bridges
    • E01D19/16Suspension cables; Cable clamps for suspension cables ; Pre- or post-stressed cables
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D21/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for erecting or assembling bridges

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of bridge, belongs to bridge construction technical field.Bridge includes M bridge tower, girder, main suspension cable, tail rope and anchorage, bridge tower and is rigidly connected with girder, and girder includes beam section, bridge tower beam section in main span, and tail rope is arranged at beam section in main span;Main suspension cable includes the first outside drag-line, the second outside drag-line and N number of inner side drag-line, first outside drag-line, one end of the second outside drag-line are separately fixed on outermost two bridge towers of bridge, and the first outside drag-line, the other end of the second outside drag-line are separately fixed on anchorage;Inner side drag-line has two connection ends, the middle interconnecting piece between two connection ends, and two connection ends portion is connected with two adjacent bridge towers respectively, and middle interconnecting piece is connected to beam section in main span;M=N+1 and the positive integer of N >=1.Present invention also offers a kind of construction method of bridge.The bridge can effectively improve the across footpath of bridge.

Description

A kind of bridge and its construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to bridge construction technical field, in particular to a kind of bridge and its construction method.
Background technology
In modern bridge construction, it is often necessary to build Longspan Bridge to cross over straits and mountain valley.When running into compared with sea When gorge or wide mountain valley, it is necessary to increase the span of bridge.In large span bridge type, suspension bridge be the bridge type that mainly uses it One, but it is limited by the Limit Span of itself.For suspension bridge, because saddle and main push-towing rope have larger cut with hoist cable junction Power, it is difficult to realize the increase of bridge span.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of bridge, and the suspension cable in traditional suspension bridge is replaced with suspension cable, and Beam section introduces tail rope in main span, can effectively improve the across footpath of bridge.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of construction method of bridge, traditional cable-stayed bridge is overcome close to girder axle The problem of power is excessive, while avoid in traditional main rope of suspension bridge and the problem of larger shear stress occur, can effectively it carry The across footpath of high bridge.
What the present invention was realized in:
A kind of bridge, has a super-span, including M bridge tower, girder, main suspension cable, tail rope and is distributed in bridge and prolongs The anchorage on the ground of direction both ends is stretched, bridge tower is rigidly connected with girder, and girder includes the main span between two neighboring bridge tower Middle beam section, the bridge tower beam section positioned at bridge tower both sides, tail rope are arranged at beam section in main span;
Main suspension cable includes the first outside drag-line, the second outside drag-line and N number of inner side drag-line, and the one of the first outside drag-line End, one end of the second outside drag-line are separately fixed on outermost two bridge towers of bridge, the other end of the first outside drag-line, the The other end of two outside drag-lines is separately fixed on anchorage;
The quantity of beam section is equal with the quantity of inner side drag-line in main span, and each inner side drag-line has is located at the two of both ends respectively It is individual connection end, positioned at two connection end between middle interconnecting pieces, two connection ends portion respectively with two adjacent bridge towers Connection, middle interconnecting piece are connected to beam section in main span;
M=N+1 and the positive integer of N >=1.
Preferably, bridge also includes and the one-to-one multiple secondary suspension cables of bridge tower, two ends of each secondary suspension cable It is separately fixed at the bridge tower beam section positioned at bridge tower both sides, the switching part between two ends of secondary suspension cable is fixed on bridge tower.
Preferably, bridge is the anchor formula bridge of two tower single span half.
Preferably, bridge is three towers two across half anchor formula bridge.
Preferably, the material of main suspension cable is carbon fiber.
Preferably, the material of secondary suspension cable is carbon fiber.
Preferably, tail rope material is carbon fiber.
A kind of construction method of bridge, comprises the following steps:Build anchorage and M bridge tower;Lift bridge tower beam section;And hang Fill beam section in main span and drawing sets tail rope and main suspension cable.
Preferably, when lifting bridge tower beam section, in addition to drawing sets secondary suspension cable.
Preferably, lift in main span beam section and draw and set tail rope and the method for main suspension cable and be:Two neighboring bridge tower it Between, beam section with bridge tower beam section until join the two sections of a bridge, etc, and draw and set simultaneously from middle part respectively the both ends lifting main span to bridge bearing of trend Tail rope and main suspension cable;
Or between two neighboring bridge tower, beam section in main span is lifted from relative bridge tower beam section to middle part until joining the two sections of a bridge, etc, And draw simultaneously and set tail rope and main suspension cable.
The beneficial effect of the embodiment of the present invention is:The invention provides a kind of bridge, and the suspension cable in traditional suspension bridge is used Suspension cable replaces, and avoids in traditional suspension bridge and the problem of larger shearing force occurs, beam section introduces tail rope in main span, can Largely reduce the pressure of girder, meanwhile, the material of suspension cable and tail rope using high intensity, low-density carbon Fiber, so as to effectively improve the across footpath of bridge.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, below by embodiment it is required use it is attached Figure is briefly described, it will be appreciated that the following drawings illustrate only certain embodiments of the present invention, therefore be not construed as pair The restriction of scope, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can also be according to this A little accompanying drawings obtain other related accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the bridge structure schematic diagram that the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides;
Fig. 2 is Bridge 1 beam work progress schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the bridge structure schematic diagram that the embodiment of the present invention 2 provides;
Fig. 4 is oblique pull region construction process schematic diagram in Bridge 2 beam work progress of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is that first method builds suspension cable region process schematic diagram in Bridge 2 beam work progress of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is that second method builds suspension cable region process schematic diagram in Bridge 2 beam work progress of the embodiment of the present invention.
Icon:100- bridges;The bridge towers of 110- first;The bridge towers of 112- second;120- girders;The main suspension cables of 130-;140- is put down Weigh rope;The anchorages of 150- first;The anchorages of 152- second;122- bridge tower beam sections;Beam section in 124- main spans;The first outsides of 132- drag-line; The second outsides of 134- drag-line;Drag-line on the inside of 136-;First drag-line on the inside of 137-;Second drag-line on the inside of 138-;160- first is connected End;162- second connection ends portion;The middle interconnecting pieces of 164- first;The middle interconnecting pieces of 166- second;200- bridges;210- first Bridge tower;The bridge towers of 212- second;The bridge towers of 214- the 3rd;220- girders;The main suspension cables of 230-;240- tail ropes;270- pair suspension cables; The anchorages of 250- first;The anchorages of 252- second;222- bridge tower beam sections;Beam section in 224- main spans;The first outsides of 232- drag-line;234- Two outside drag-lines;The first inner sides of 236- drag-line;The second inner sides of 238- drag-line;First drag-line on the inside of 237-;Second draws on the inside of 239- Rope;The connections of 260- first end;262- second connection ends portion;The middle interconnecting pieces of 263- first;The middle interconnecting pieces of 264- second.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is Part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.The present invention implementation being generally described and illustrated herein in the accompanying drawings The component of example can be configured to arrange and design with a variety of.
Therefore, below the detailed description of the embodiments of the invention to providing in the accompanying drawings be not intended to limit it is claimed The scope of the present invention, but be merely representative of the present invention selected embodiment.It is common based on the embodiment in the present invention, this area All other embodiment that technical staff is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belong to the model that the present invention protects Enclose.
It should be noted that:Similar label and letter represents similar terms in following accompanying drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined, then it further need not be defined and explained in subsequent accompanying drawing in individual accompanying drawing.Term " first ", " the Two ", " 3rd " etc. is only used for distinguishing description, and it is not intended that instruction or hint relative importance.
In the description of the invention, it is also necessary to explanation, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " setting ", " installation ", " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or one Connect body;Can be mechanical connection or electrical connection;Can be joined directly together, can also be indirect by intermediary It is connected, can is the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, on being understood with concrete condition State the concrete meaning of term in the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation for two towers single span self-anchored type bridge 100 that the present embodiment provides.Reference picture 1, bridge 100 include the first bridge tower 110, the second bridge tower 112, girder 120, main suspension cable 130, tail rope 140, the first anchorage 150 and the Two anchorages 152.Two bridge towers are provided with the present embodiment, but are not limited to two bridges in other embodiments of the invention Tower or three bridge towers, four bridge towers.
First anchorage 150 and the second anchorage 152 are distributed on the ground at the bearing of trend both ends of bridge 100 respectively, so that will The power born on main suspension cable 130 passes to ground by anchorage.
First bridge tower 110 and the second bridge tower 112 are rigidly connected with girder 120 respectively, and girder 120 includes bridge tower beam section 122 With beam section 124 in main span, in the present embodiment, bridge tower beam section 122 be two, and respectively with the first bridge tower 110 and the second bridge tower 112 is corresponding.One of bridge tower beam section 122 is located at the both sides of the first bridge tower 110, and another bridge tower beam section 122 is located at the second bridge The both sides of tower 112, in main span beam section 124 between the first bridge tower 110 and the second bridge tower 112 and its both ends respectively with two bridge towers Beam section 122 connects.
In the present invention, the setting of main suspension cable 130 can balance the axle power of girder 120, avoid girder 120 because of itself weight Power is excessive and makes bridge floor that excessive torsional deformation occur.In the present embodiment, the material of main suspension cable 130 for example can be that carbon is fine Dimension, but in other embodiments of the invention, the material of main suspension cable 130 can also be other, such as steel strand wires.
Main suspension cable 130 includes the first outside drag-line 132, the second outside drag-line 134 and inner side drag-line 136;In this implementation One end, one end of the second outside drag-line 134 of the first outside drag-line 132 are separately fixed at the first bridge tower 110 and the second bridge in example On tower 112, the other end of the first outside drag-line 132, the other end of the second outside drag-line 134 are separately fixed at the first anchorage 150 On the second anchorage 152.
The quantity of the first outside drag-line 132 and the second outside drag-line 134 is five respectively in the present embodiment, but in this hair In bright other embodiments, the quantity of the first outside drag-line 132 and the second outside drag-line 134 is not limited to five, can also Be it is other, such as one, four, six.
Inner side drag-line 136 has respectively positioned at first connection end 160, the second connection end portion 162 at both ends, positioned at two The first middle interconnecting piece 164, the second middle interconnecting piece 166 between end are connected, the first connection end 160 is fixed on the first bridge On tower 110, second connection end portion 162 is fixed on the second bridge tower 112;First middle interconnecting piece 164 and the second middle interconnecting piece 166 are separately fixed at beam section 124 in main span.
The inner side quantity of drag-line 136 is six in the present embodiment, and each inner side drag-line 136 includes two parts, is interior respectively The first drag-line of side 137 and the second drag-line of inner side 138, i.e. the inner side quantity of the first drag-line 137 is six, and the second drag-line of inner side 138 counts Amount is also six;The drawing that axle power of the quantity of inner side drag-line 136 according to suffered by girder 120 and each inner side drag-line 136 can be born Power determines, but the quantity of inner side drag-line 136 can also be other in other embodiments of the invention, in order to disperse in each The power that layback rope 136 is born, inner side drag-line 136 can also be one, five, seven etc..
The first connection end 160, the second connection end portion 162 of the second drag-line of inner side 138 of the first drag-line 137 of each inner side It is sequentially arranged respectively along the free end of the first bridge tower 110, the second bridge tower 112, among each first middle interconnecting piece 164 and second The direction of beam section 124 is positioned opposite along close main span successively for connecting portion 166, i.e., is spaced apart along the length direction of girder 120, And the distance between each connecting portion can be adjusted according to specific stressing conditions.
Tail rope 140 is arranged at beam section 124 in main span in the present invention, and the both ends of tail rope 140 respectively with first Between the middle interconnecting piece 166 of connecting portion 164 and second be oppositely arranged, so as to balance drawing of the inner side drag-line 136 to girder 120 Power;Therefore the quantity of tail rope 140 is also six in the present embodiment, the quantity of tail rope 140 can be according to the material of tail rope 140 Matter, model, size and stressing conditions are selected, and the present invention is not limited its particular number.Balance in the present embodiment The material of rope 140 is carbon fiber, but the material of tail rope 140 can also be other in other embodiments of the invention, and It is not limited to carbon fiber, such as steel strand wires.
Above-mentioned bridge 100 is applied using the cantilever of the bridge tower of beam section 124 to the first 110 and the second bridge tower 112 from main span Work method, referring to Fig. 2, comprising the following steps:
Step 1, construction bridges basis, that is, build the first anchorage 150, the second anchorage 152, the first bridge tower 110 and the second bridge Tower 112;
Step 2, the lifting of bridge tower beam section 122 is carried out using cantilever-construction;
Step 3, between the first bridge tower 110 and the second bridge tower 112, lift main span in beam section 124, from middle part respectively to The direction of first bridge tower 110 and the second bridge tower 112 lifts, and draws simultaneously and set tail rope 140 and main suspension cable 130, until main span Middle beam section 124 is joined the two sections of a bridge, etc with bridge tower beam section 122.
It should be noted that:Described middle part is i.e. the first bridge tower 110 and the based on the position shown in Fig. 2 in step 3 Among two bridge towers 112.
Embodiment 2
A kind of three towers two are present embodiments provided across half anchor formula bridge 200, bridge 200 and the bridge 100 in embodiment 1 The main distinction is:
Reference picture 3, bridge 200 include the first bridge tower 210, the second bridge tower 212, the 3rd bridge tower 214, girder 220, main oblique pull Rope 230, tail rope 240, secondary suspension cable 270, the first anchorage 250 and the second anchorage 252.Three bridges are provided with the present embodiment Tower, but three bridge towers or two, four are not limited in other embodiments of the invention.
First anchorage 250 and the second anchorage 252 are distributed on the ground at the bearing of trend both ends of bridge 200 respectively.Bridge tower with Girder 220 is rigidly connected, and girder 220 includes beam section 224 in bridge tower beam section 222 and main span, in the present embodiment, bridge tower beam section 222 are located at the first bridge tower 210, the second bridge tower 212 and the both sides of the 3rd bridge tower 214 respectively, and beam section 224 is located at first respectively in main span Between the bridge tower 212 of bridge tower 210 and second, between the second bridge tower 212 and the 3rd bridge tower 214, and in main span beam section 224 respectively with three The bridge tower beam section 222 of individual bridge tower both sides is connected.
In the present embodiment, the material of main suspension cable 230 is carbon fiber, and main suspension cable 230 includes the first outside drag-line 232nd, the second outside drag-line 234, the first inner side drag-line 236 and the second inner side drag-line 238, one end of the first outside drag-line 232, One end of two outside drag-lines 234 is separately fixed at the first bridge tower 210, on the second bridge tower 212, the first outside drag-line 232 it is another Hold, the other end of the second outside drag-line 234 is separately fixed at the first anchorage 250, on the second anchorage 252.
The quantity of the first outside drag-line 232 and the second outside drag-line 234 is three respectively in the present embodiment, but in this hair In bright other embodiments, the quantity of the first outside drag-line 232 and the second outside drag-line 234 is not limited to three, can also Be it is other, such as four, five.
In the present embodiment, the first inner side drag-line 236, the second bridge are provided between the first bridge tower 210 and the second bridge tower 212 The second inner side drag-line 238 is provided between the bridge tower 214 of tower 212 and the 3rd;First inner side drag-line 236 has respectively positioned at both ends First connection end 260, second connection end portion 262 and the first middle interconnecting piece 263, second between two connection ends Middle interconnecting piece 264;First connection end 260 is fixed on the first bridge tower 210, and second connection end portion 262 is fixed on the second bridge On tower 212;First middle interconnecting piece 263 and the second middle interconnecting piece 264 are separately fixed at the first bridge tower 210 and the second bridge tower Beam section 224 in main span between 212.
The quantity of the first inner side drag-line 236 is five in the present embodiment, and each first inner side drag-line 236 divides for two parts, The first drag-line of inner side 237 and the second drag-line of inner side 239, i.e. the inner side quantity of the first drag-line 237 is five, the second drag-line of inner side 239 Quantity is also five;But the quantity of the first inner side drag-line 236 can also be other in other embodiments of the invention, such as Six, seven etc..
The first connection end 260, the second connection end portion 262 of the second drag-line of inner side 239 of the first drag-line 237 of each inner side It is sequentially arranged respectively along the free end of the first bridge tower 210, the second bridge tower 212, among each first middle interconnecting piece 263 and second Connecting portion 264 is successively along positioned opposite close to the direction of beam section 224 in main span.
In the present embodiment, the arrangement of the second inner side drag-line 238 between the second bridge tower 212 and the 3rd bridge tower 214 Mode is identical with the principle of the first inner side drag-line 236, and the second inner side drag-line 238 is also equal with the quantity of the first inner side drag-line 236, All it is five.
Also secondary suspension cable 270, two of each secondary suspension cable 270 hold part correspondingly with bridge tower in bridge 200 It is not held within the bridge tower beam section 222 of bridge tower both sides, the switching part between two ends of secondary suspension cable 270 is fixed on bridge tower On.In the present embodiment, the material of secondary suspension cable 270 is carbon fiber, but in other embodiments of the invention, secondary suspension cable 270 material can also be other, such as steel wire, but must assure that in the same embodiment, used in secondary suspension cable 270 Material is identical, so that it is guaranteed that each several part stress equalization of bridge 200.
In the present embodiment, the purpose that each bridge tower both sides are respectively provided with secondary suspension cable 270 is in order in the bridge of super-span Liang Zhong, reduce the pressure of bridge tower beam section 222.
In the present embodiment, tail rope 240 is respectively arranged between the first bridge tower 210 and the second bridge tower 212 and Beam section 224 in main span between two bridge towers 212 and the 3rd bridge tower 214;Master between the first bridge tower 210 and the second bridge tower 212 In span centre beam section 224, the both ends of tail rope 240 are set relatively with the first middle interconnecting piece 263 and the second middle interconnecting piece 264 respectively Put, so as to balance pulling force of the first inner side drag-line 236 to girder 220;Therefore the quantity of tail rope 240 in the present embodiment It is five.Similarly, be in beam section 224 in the main span between the second bridge tower 212 and the 3rd bridge tower 214 tail rope 240 setting and The setting principle of tail rope 240 is identical in beam section 224 in main span between first bridge tower 210 and the second bridge tower 212.
The material of tail rope 240 is carbon fiber in the present embodiment, but tail rope 240 in other embodiments of the invention Material can also be other, it is not limited to carbon fiber, such as steel strand wires.
Bridge 200 combines the force-transfer characteristic of traditional cable-stayed bridge and suspension bridge, and traditional suspension cable is replaced by using suspension cable, To change main push-towing rope power transmission mechanism so that main push-towing rope does not produce shear stress.Theory analysis shows:With compared with span tradition suspension bridge, Main push-towing rope magnitude of maximum shearing stress drops to 10 from 14.2-4Magnitude, it efficiently avoid the appearance of shear stress.Meanwhile the beam section in main span 224 setting tail ropes 240 effectively reduce the axle power of cable-stayed bridge main-beam 220, and FEM model, numerical value point are established using MADIS softwares Analysis shows:Compared with traditional cable-stayed bridge, under the conditions of identical tower height, when the length of tail rope 240 reaches main span half, girder 220 Middle axle power can reduce about 66%.
In the present embodiment, the material of main suspension cable 230, secondary suspension cable 270 and tail rope 240 is carbon fiber, and carbon is fine The use of dimension material can make bridge 200 have more large span, and theoretical calculation shows:When sag ratio takes 1/10, factor of safety takes 2 When, traditional suspension bridge limitation span by the use of high tensile steel wire as main push-towing rope is about 8300 meters;And drag-line is used as by the use of high-strength carbon fibre The limitation span of bridge 200 be about 72000 meters, 8.8 times of about traditional Suspension Bridges.
Compared with traditional long-span bridge, bridge 200 has more preferable economic benefit.Calculating shows:With traditional wirerope oblique pull Bridge ratio, when across footpath is more than 1700 meters, the system of bridge 200 has more preferable economic benefit;Compared with traditional wirerope suspension bridge, When across footpath is more than 2600 meters, the bridge 200 has more preferable economic benefit.
Represented to simplify, part is not referred in the present embodiment, refers to corresponding content in embodiment 1.
The present embodiment additionally provides a kind of construction method of bridge 200, refers to Fig. 4, Fig. 5, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, construction bridges basis, that is, build the first anchorage 250, the second anchorage 252, the first bridge tower 210, the second bridge The bridge tower 214 of tower 212 and the 3rd;Bridge tower is using steel and concrete combined structure in the present embodiment, in other embodiments Bridge tower can also use concrete structure;
Step 2, the lifting of bridge tower beam section 222 is carried out using cantilever-construction, install and draw and set secondary suspension cable 270;This reality A middle girder 220 is applied using Plate of Flat Steel Box Girder;The section of girder 220 is lifted, and draws and sets secondary suspension cable 270, both alternately enter OK, building for oblique pull region is completed;
Step 3, respectively between the first bridge tower 210 and the second bridge tower 212, the second bridge tower 212 and the 3rd bridge tower 214 it Between lift main span in beam section 224 the section of girder 220;Then from middle part respectively to the side of the first bridge tower 210 and the second bridge tower 212 Built to, the direction of the second bridge tower 212 and the 3rd bridge tower 214, lifting girder 220 section, and draw simultaneously and set tail rope 240 With main suspension cable 230, repeat above procedure, until in main span beam section 224 respectively with the first bridge tower 210 and the second bridge tower 212, the Two bridge towers 212 join the two sections of a bridge, etc with the 3rd bridge tower 214, complete building for suspension cable region, are finally completed building for bridge 200.
In this construction method, in addition to the embodiment of step 3, bridge can also be realized using other embodiments Beam is built, referring to Fig. 6, for example:
After the building of above-mentioned steps two is completed, drawing sets main suspension cable 230 and tail rope 240, then lifts the first bridge tower 210 and the second main span between bridge tower 212, between the second bridge tower 212 and the 3rd bridge tower 214 in the girder 220 of beam section 224 save Section, building for the avris region of beam section 224 in main span is realized, while draw and set tail rope 240 and main suspension cable 230;Respectively from first The bridge tower beam section 222 relative with the 3rd bridge tower 214 with the second bridge tower 212, the second bridge tower 212 of bridge tower 210 lifts girder to middle part 220 sections, drawing set tail rope 240 and main suspension cable 230, complete building for beam section 224 in main span, are finally completed bridge 200 Build.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, for the skill of this area For art personnel, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, that is made any repaiies Change, equivalent substitution, improvement etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of bridge, there is super-span, it is characterised in that including M bridge tower, girder, main suspension cable, tail rope and distribution Anchorage on the bridge bearing of trend both ends ground, the bridge tower are rigidly connected with the girder, and the girder includes position Beam section, the bridge tower beam section positioned at the bridge tower both sides in main span between the two neighboring bridge tower, the tail rope are set The beam section in the main span;
The main suspension cable includes the first outside drag-line, the second outside drag-line and N number of inner side drag-line, first outside drag-line One end, one end of second outside drag-line are separately fixed on outermost two bridge towers of the bridge, and described first The other end of outside drag-line, the other end of second outside drag-line are separately fixed on the anchorage;
The quantity of beam section is equal with the quantity of the inner side drag-line in the main span, and each inner side drag-line has to be located at respectively Two connection ends at both ends, the middle interconnecting piece between described two connection ends, described two connection end portion difference It is connected with two adjacent bridge towers, the middle interconnecting piece is connected to beam section in the main span;
M=N+1 and the positive integer of N >=1.
2. bridge according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the bridge also includes more correspondingly with the bridge tower Individual secondary suspension cable, two ends of each secondary suspension cable are separately fixed at the bridge tower beam positioned at the bridge tower both sides Section, the switching part between described two ends of the secondary suspension cable is fixed on the bridge tower.
3. bridge according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the bridge is the anchor formula bridge of two tower single span half.
4. bridge according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the bridge is three towers two across half anchor formula bridge.
5. according to the bridge described in any one of claim 2 to 4, it is characterised in that the material of the main suspension cable is carbon fiber.
6. bridge according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the material of the secondary suspension cable is carbon fiber.
7. bridge according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the tail rope material is carbon fiber.
8. a kind of construction method of bridge as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Build the anchorage and the M bridge tower;
Lift the bridge tower beam section;And
Lift beam section in the main span and drawing sets the tail rope and the main suspension cable.
9. the construction method of bridge according to claim 8, it is characterised in that when lifting the bridge tower beam section, in addition to draw If secondary suspension cable.
10. the construction method of bridge according to claim 8, it is characterised in that lift beam section in the main span and drawing sets institute Stating the method for tail rope and the main suspension cable is:
Between the two neighboring bridge tower, beam section is straight from middle part respectively the both ends lifting main span to the bridge bearing of trend Joined the two sections of a bridge, etc to the bridge tower beam section, and draw simultaneously and set the tail rope and the main suspension cable;
Or between the two neighboring bridge tower, beam section in the main span is lifted from the relative bridge tower beam section to middle part Until closure, and draw simultaneously and set the tail rope and the main suspension cable.
CN201610957078.1A 2016-11-02 2016-11-02 A kind of bridge and its construction method CN106498837B (en)

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CN106968178B (en) * 2017-04-07 2020-03-13 中交第二公路勘察设计研究院有限公司 Construction method for main beam of cable-stayed suspension bridge
CN106958189B (en) * 2017-04-07 2019-07-02 中交第二公路勘察设计研究院有限公司 A kind of cable-stayed type suspension bridge structure suitable for Ultra-Long Spans
US10280575B2 (en) 2017-04-07 2019-05-07 Cccc Second Highway Consultant Co. Ltd. Cable-stayed suspension bridge structure suitable for super long spans
CN106958190A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-07-18 中交第二公路勘察设计研究院有限公司 A kind of ground anchor type single pylon cable stayed bridge structure
CN110878529A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-03-13 上海市机械施工集团有限公司 Construction device and construction method for stay cable bridge

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