CN106482331A - A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler - Google Patents

A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106482331A
CN106482331A CN201611054786.0A CN201611054786A CN106482331A CN 106482331 A CN106482331 A CN 106482331A CN 201611054786 A CN201611054786 A CN 201611054786A CN 106482331 A CN106482331 A CN 106482331A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
gas
heating
conserving
energy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611054786.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙全熙
孙全忠
孙真
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningxia Huaqing Energy Saving Boiler Co Ltd
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Ningxia Huaqing Energy Saving Boiler Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ningxia Huaqing Energy Saving Boiler Co Ltd filed Critical Ningxia Huaqing Energy Saving Boiler Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611054786.0A priority Critical patent/CN106482331A/en
Publication of CN106482331A publication Critical patent/CN106482331A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/22Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating
    • F24H1/34Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water chamber arranged adjacent to the combustion chamber or chambers, e.g. above or at side
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/18Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements
    • F24H9/1809Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters
    • F24H9/1836Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters fluid combustible heating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/20Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices or methods
    • F24H9/2007Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices or methods for water heaters
    • F24H9/2035Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices or methods for water heaters for heaters using fluid combustibles

Abstract

The present invention relates to waste heat boiler technical field, especially a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler, described combustion pipe is in be wrapped circumferentially around outside gas header pipe, the outlet flue of described combustion pipe runs through the housing of smoke evacuation room and extends to the inner chamber of smoke evacuation room, exhaust opening is left in the side of described smoke evacuation room, the top of described moisture backflow room is provided with steam trap, and the two is connected by jet chimney, described steam trap top insertion is provided with airway, the end of described airway is connected with heat exchanger, described heat exchanger is connected by aqueduct with combustor.This device heat exchange amount is big, and heat exchange efficiency is high, has saved fuel.

Description

A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler
Technical field
The present invention relates to heating hot water boiler technology field, especially a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler.
Background technology
Waste heat boiler, as the term suggests refer to using the waste heat in the waste gas in various industrial process, waste material or waste liquid and its The heat producing after combustible burning is heated to water in the boiler of uniform temperature.There is smoke box, flue residue heat recycles Oil burning boiler, gas fired-boiler, coal-burning boiler are also referred to as waste heat boiler, and waste heat boiler can produce hot water or steaming by waste heat recovery Vapour uses supplying other workshop sections.
Strengthen energy-saving and emission-reduction, realize low carbon development, be the important content of China's Ecological Civilization Construction, be to promote economic upgrading The only way of potentiation upgrading." 13 " planning clearly proposes energy consumption and CO2 emissions reduction, major pollutants The restrictive target that total emission volumn reduces.State Council requires quickening to renovate coal-burning boiler, promotes efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler, Push forward the upgrading that pollution that caused by coal burning thing discharges boiler not up to standard comprehensively, propose " with gas for coal, using electricity instead of coal " in some areas, Strengthen technological innovation, accelerate the popularization and application of advanced technology, solve to discharge the impact to atmospheric environment not up to standard.China south now Much area progressively uses domestic heating hot water facility, energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler will open up in household for side Wide market, is widely used.
But, traditional waste heat boiler heat utilization efficiency is not high, and heat loss is serious, thus waste of resource.
Content of the invention
The invention aims to shortcoming present in solution prior art, and a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective combustion gas proposing is adopted Warm hot-water boiler, by being in circumferentially wound combustion pipe in the outside of gas header pipe, makes the water Omnibearing heating in burner hearth, increases Plus heating surface area, greatly, heat exchange efficiency is high for heat exchange amount, and the traditional waste heat boiler heat utilization efficiency of solution is not high, serious the asking of heat loss Topic.
To achieve these goals, present invention employs following technical scheme:
Design a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler, including proportionality combusting device, burner hearth and electric connection ratio The PLC of burner, described proportionality combusting device is connected with gas header pipe, and described gas header pipe extends transversely through the outer wall of burner hearth And extending to the inner chamber of burner hearth, the inner chamber of described burner hearth is divided into the middle part combustor that top steam return passage connects with return passage And bottom smoke evacuation room three part, described gas header pipe be located at combustor middle part, on the top of gas header pipe, combustion gas is installed Arm, combustion gas arm is connected with combustion pipe, and described combustion pipe is in be wrapped circumferentially around outside gas header pipe, described combustion pipe Outlet flue run through the smoke evacuation housing of room and extend to the inner chamber of smoke evacuation room, exhaust opening is left in the side of described smoke evacuation room,
The top of described moisture backflow room is provided with steam trap, and the two is connected by jet chimney, and described steam divides It is provided with airway from the insertion of device top, the end of described airway is connected with heat exchanger, described heat exchanger is led to combustor Cross aqueduct connection.
Preferably, described combustion gas branch interval is evenly distributed on the upper surface of gas header pipe, and combustion pipe is total with combustion gas It is wound around three circles centered on pipe.
Preferably, the outer wall of described burner hearth is provided with temperature sensor, and the inductive probe of temperature sensor runs through burner hearth Outer wall extends to the inner chamber of burner hearth, and described temperature sensor is electrically connected with PLC.
Preferably, described heat exchanger includes shell and inner shell, and the gap left in the middle of described shell and inner shell constitutes storage Water layer, is heat exchanger channels in the middle part of described inner shell, and described airway connects heat exchanger channels, and described heat exchanger is connected with and reservoir bed The water inlet pipe of connection and outlet pipe, are provided with, in outlet pipe, the electromagnetic water valve being electrically connected with PLC.
Preferably, described exhaust opening is connected with smoke discharging pipe, is connected with chimney in the end of smoke discharging pipe, described smoke exhaust pipe Road is provided with the flue gas gate valve being electrically connected with respectively and air-introduced machine with PLC.
Preferably, the side wall of described combustion chamber is provided with return pipe and filling pipe, and described airway is provided with electricity Magnet valve, and the water pump that return pipe and electromagnetic valve are all electrically connected with PLC.
Preferably, described aqueduct is provided with the water pump being electrically connected with PLC and electromagnetic valve.
Preferably, described PLC includes single-chip microcomputer, water pump control modules, solenoid valve control module, air-introduced machine control Module, temperature control modules and flue gas gate valve control module, described water pump control modules, solenoid valve control module, air-introduced machine control Molding block, temperature control modules and flue gas gate valve control module are all electrically connected with single-chip microcomputer.
Preferably, the outer wall of described burner hearth is the gap composition vacuum heat-insulating layer between double-decker, and two-layer.
A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating proposed by the present invention and hot-water boiler, have the beneficial effects that:
1. combustion gas branch interval is evenly distributed on the surface of the gas header pipe crossing burner hearth cavity, and is connected with combustion gas arm Combustion pipe be wound around three circles centered on gas header pipe, this structure makes the water Omnibearing heating in burner hearth, increases heating surface area, Heat exchange amount is big, and heat exchange efficiency is high, has saved fuel.
2. being provided with steam trap above burner hearth, using jet chimney, steam trap being connected with burner hearth so that changing The steam producing in thermal process is gathered in steam trap by jet chimney, and the water isolated passes back in burner hearth, separates The steam going out delivers in heat exchanger by airway, it is to avoid energy waste improves the utilization rate of the energy.
3rd, it is provided with the temperature sensor being electrically connected with PLC in adiabatic furnace, thus in monitor in real time burner hearth The temperature of water, thus timely being fed and conveying, has saved the energy.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating proposed by the present invention and hot-water boiler;
Fig. 2 is the front sectional view of the burner hearth of a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating proposed by the present invention and hot-water boiler;
Fig. 3 is a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating proposed by the present invention and the gas header pipe of hot-water boiler and combustion pipe connects The structural representation connecing.
Fig. 4 is each element connection diagram of a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating proposed by the present invention and hot-water boiler.
In figure:Proportionality combusting device 1, jet chimney 2, steam trap 3, airway 4, heat exchanger 5, water inlet pipe 6, water outlet Pipe 7, gas header pipe 8, temperature sensor 9, moisture backflow room 10, burner hearth 11, water pump 12, return pipe 13, air-introduced machine 14, chimney 15th, PLC 16, flue gas gate valve 17, combustion pipe 18, combustion gas arm 19, filling pipe 20, smoke discharging pipe 21, smoke evacuation room 22, Heat-insulation layer 23, aqueduct 24.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation description is it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.
A kind of reference picture 1-4 energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler, including proportionality combusting device 1, burner hearth 11 and electrically Connect the PLC 16 of proportionality combusting device 1, proportionality combusting device 1 is connected with gas header pipe 8, and gas header pipe 8 extends transversely through burner hearth 11 outer wall and extend to the inner chamber of burner hearth 11, the inner chamber of described burner hearth 11 is divided into top steam return passage 10 and return passage 10 The middle part combustor of connection and bottom smoke evacuation room 22 3 part, gas header pipe 8 is located at the middle part of combustor, in gas header pipe 8 Top combustion gas arm 19 is installed, combustion gas arm 19 is connected with combustion pipe 18, combustion pipe 18 be in be wrapped circumferentially around combustion gas Outside house steward 8, the outlet flue of described combustion pipe 18 runs through the housing of smoke evacuation room 22 and extends to the inner chamber of smoke evacuation room 22, smoke evacuation Exhaust opening is left in the side of room 22;
The top of moisture backflow room 10 is provided with steam trap 3, and the two is connected by jet chimney 2, steam trap 3 Top insertion is provided with airway 4, and the end of airway 4 is connected with heat exchanger 5, and heat exchanger 5 passes through aqueduct with combustor 24 connections.
During combustion gas arm 19 interval is evenly distributed on the upper surface of gas header pipe 8, and combustion pipe 18 with gas header pipe 8 is The heart is wound around three circles.
The outer wall of described burner hearth 11 is provided with temperature sensor 9, and the inductive probe of temperature sensor 9 runs through the outer of burner hearth 11 Wall extends to the inner chamber of burner hearth 11, and temperature sensor 9 is electrically connected with PLC 16.
Heat exchanger 5 includes shell and inner shell, and the gap left in the middle of shell and inner shell constitutes reservoir bed, in the middle part of inner shell is Heat exchanger channels, airway 4 connects heat exchanger channels, and described heat exchanger 5 is connected with the water inlet pipe 6 connecting with reservoir bed and outlet pipe 7, it is provided with, in outlet pipe 7, the electromagnetic water valve being electrically connected with PLC 16.
Exhaust opening is connected with smoke discharging pipe 21, is connected with chimney 15 in the end of smoke discharging pipe 21, smoke discharging pipe 21 sets There are the flue gas gate valve 17 being electrically connected with respectively and air-introduced machine 14 with PLC 16.
The side wall of combustion chamber 11 is provided with return pipe 13 and filling pipe 20, and described airway 4 is provided with electromagnetic valve, And the water pump 12 that return pipe 13 and electromagnetic valve are all electrically connected with PLC 16.
Aqueduct 24 is provided with the water pump 12 being electrically connected with PLC 16 and electromagnetic valve.
PLC 16 includes single-chip microcomputer, water pump control modules, solenoid valve control module, air-introduced machine control module, temperature Control module and flue gas gate valve control module, described water pump control modules, solenoid valve control module, air-introduced machine control module, temperature Degree control module and flue gas gate valve control module are all electrically connected with single-chip microcomputer.
The outer wall of burner hearth 11 is that the gap between double-decker, and two-layer constitutes vacuum heat-insulating layer 23, using vacuum heat-preserving Principle, so that the water cooling in burner hearth 11 is slowed, thus save resources.
Operation principle:A kind of present invention energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler, available natural gas, liquefied gas, oil plant, As fuel, these fuel passing ratio burners 1 are passed in gas header pipe 8 biomass, are then filled with around gas header pipe 8 In the combustion pipe 18 of distribution, then proportionality combusting device 1 lights fuel makes it fully burn, in the heat of generation and burner hearth 11 Water coke slurry, so that coolant-temperature gage raises, the vapor producing in heat transfer process is passed in steam trap 3, separates The water condensing in water or conductive process can be back to moisture backflow room 10, and the gas separated is imported by airway 4 again To in heat exchanger 5, thus carrying out secondary heat exchange in heat exchanger 5, the waste gas that in heat transfer process, fuel combustion produces is then Enter atmosphere via chimney 15, the exhaust gas volumn arranged voluntarily can be adjusted through flue gate valve 17.
By PLC 16, temperature sensor 9 measurement range is set as 90 ° to 95 ° before equipment running, works as stove In thorax 11, coolant-temperature gage can control proportionality combusting device 1 continuous heating less than 90 ° of PLC 16, when in burner hearth 11, coolant-temperature gage is higher than When 95 °, in the case that PLC 16 can control burner 1 to stop heating, or water is not completely filled with burner hearth 11, When in burner hearth, coolant-temperature gage is higher than 95 °, PLC 16 can control the water pump on filling pipe 20 to add water into burner hearth 11, thus So that water temperature is reached and define value.
The above, the only present invention preferably specific embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technology according to the present invention scheme and its Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler, including proportionality combusting device (1), burner hearth (11) and electric connection ratio The PLC (16) of burner (1), described proportionality combusting device (1) is connected with gas header pipe (8), and described gas header pipe (8) is horizontal To the outer wall running through burner hearth (11) and extend to burner hearth (11) inner chamber it is characterised in that:The inner chamber of described burner hearth (11) is divided into Middle part combustor and bottom smoke evacuation room (22) three part that top steam return passage (10) connects with return passage (10), described Gas header pipe (8) is located at the middle part of combustor, is provided with combustion gas arm (19), combustion gas arm on the top of gas header pipe (8) (19) it is connected with combustion pipe (18), described combustion pipe (18) is in be wrapped circumferentially around gas header pipe (8) outside, described combustion tube The outlet flue in road (18) runs through the housing of smoke evacuation room (22) and extends to the inner chamber of smoke evacuation room (22), and the one of described smoke evacuation room (22) Exhaust opening is left in side;
The top of described moisture backflow room (10) is provided with steam trap (3), and the two passes through jet chimney (2) and connects, described Steam trap (3) top insertion is provided with airway (4), and the end of described airway (4) is connected with heat exchanger (5), described Heat exchanger (5) is connected by aqueduct (24) with combustor.
2. a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating according to claim 1 and hot-water boiler it is characterised in that:Described combustion gas is propped up Pipe (19) interval is evenly distributed on the upper surface of gas header pipe (8), and described combustion pipe (18) is twined centered on gas header pipe (8) Around three circles.
3. a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating according to claim 1 and hot-water boiler it is characterised in that:Described burner hearth (11) outer wall is provided with temperature sensor (9), and the inductive probe of temperature sensor (9) runs through the outer wall of burner hearth (11) and extends to The inner chamber of burner hearth (11), described temperature sensor (9) is electrically connected with PLC (16).
4. a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating according to claim 1 and hot-water boiler it is characterised in that:Described heat exchange Device (5) includes shell and inner shell, and the gap left in the middle of described shell and inner shell constitutes reservoir bed, is heat exchange in the middle part of described inner shell Passage, described airway (4) connects heat exchanger channels, described heat exchanger (5) be connected with the water inlet pipe (6) connecting with reservoir bed and Outlet pipe (7), is provided with, in outlet pipe (7), the electromagnetic water valve being electrically connected with PLC (16).
5. a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating according to claim 1 and hot-water boiler it is characterised in that:Described exhaust opening It is connected with smoke discharging pipe (21), is connected with chimney (15) in the end of smoke discharging pipe (21), described smoke discharging pipe (21) is provided with The flue gas gate valve (17) being electrically connected with PLC (16) respectively and air-introduced machine (14).
6. a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating according to claim 1 and hot-water boiler it is characterised in that:Described combustor The side wall of burner hearth (11) is provided with return pipe (13) and filling pipe (20), and described airway (4) is provided with electromagnetic valve, and backwater Manage the water pump (12) that (13) and electromagnetic valve are all electrically connected with PLC (16).
7. a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating according to claim 1 and hot-water boiler it is characterised in that:Described aqueduct (24) it is provided with the water pump (12) being electrically connected with PLC (16) and electromagnetic valve.
8. a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating according to claim 1-7 and hot-water boiler it is characterised in that:Described PLC Controller (16) includes single-chip microcomputer, water pump control modules, solenoid valve control module, air-introduced machine control module, temperature control modules With flue gas gate valve control module, described water pump control modules, solenoid valve control module, air-introduced machine control module, temperature control mould Block and flue gas gate valve control module are all electrically connected with single-chip microcomputer.
9. a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating according to claim 1 and hot-water boiler it is characterised in that:Described burner hearth (11) outer wall is that the gap between double-decker, and two-layer constitutes vacuum heat-insulating layer (23).
CN201611054786.0A 2016-11-25 2016-11-25 A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler Pending CN106482331A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611054786.0A CN106482331A (en) 2016-11-25 2016-11-25 A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611054786.0A CN106482331A (en) 2016-11-25 2016-11-25 A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective gas-heating and hot-water boiler

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CN106482331A true CN106482331A (en) 2017-03-08

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112413898A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-02-26 张华� Energy-saving gas wall-mounted furnace

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112413898A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-02-26 张华� Energy-saving gas wall-mounted furnace

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