CN201522091U - Horizontal flashback coal burning boiler - Google Patents

Horizontal flashback coal burning boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201522091U
CN201522091U CN 200920203917 CN200920203917U CN201522091U CN 201522091 U CN201522091 U CN 201522091U CN 200920203917 CN200920203917 CN 200920203917 CN 200920203917 U CN200920203917 U CN 200920203917U CN 201522091 U CN201522091 U CN 201522091U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
coal
horizontal
backfire
furnace
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200920203917
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐昌延
Original Assignee
徐昌延
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 徐昌延 filed Critical 徐昌延
Priority to CN 200920203917 priority Critical patent/CN201522091U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201522091U publication Critical patent/CN201522091U/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/002Horizontal gasifiers, e.g. belt-type gasifiers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/02Fixed-bed gasification of lump fuel
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/74Construction of shells or jackets
    • C10J3/76Water jackets; Steam boiler-jackets
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/86Other features combined with waste-heat boilers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0913Carbonaceous raw material
    • C10J2300/093Coal

Abstract

The utility model relates to a horizontal flashback coal burning boiler. The coal burning boiler comprises a boiler inner container and an outer sleeve, wherein the boiler inner container includes a coal gas generation chamber, a combustion chamber and a burnout chamber; the boiler adopts the flashback coal burning manner; a boiler body adopts the horizontal type; an air pipe, a water outlet pipe, a flue pipe and a soot cleaning door are arranged at the upper part of the boiler body, and a water return pipe is arranged at the lower part of the boiler body; a water jacket is formed between the boiler inner container and the outer sleeve; and a thermal insulation layer is arranged on the surface of the boiler. The utility model has the advantages of reasonable structural design, convenient use, environmental protection and energy conservation, and can be widely applied to the heating field and other fields.

Description

Horizontal backfire coal-burning boiler

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of boiler, particularly relates to a kind of horizontal backfire coal-burning boiler.

Background technology

Existing coal-burning boiler is generally positive firing method, promptly fuel after burning on the fire grate, in burner hearth, hot flue gas from bottom to top, then by furnace outlet and convection bank, after air-introduced machine to chimney.This coal combustion process produces a large amount of black smokes when burning, not only fuel availability is low, and contaminated environment.

Summary of the invention

The utility model has overcome deficiency of the prior art, and a kind of reasonable in design is provided, horizontal backfire coal-burning boiler easy to use.

In order to address the above problem, the utility model by the following technical solutions:

A kind of horizontal backfire coal-burning boiler comprises inside of boiler and overcoat, and inside of boiler comprises gas generating chamber, combustion chamber and secondary furnace, boiler adopts the coal-fired mode of backfire, boiler furnace is horizontal, and upper of furnace body is provided with air pipe, outlet pipe, chimney and shoot door, and the bottom is provided with return pipe; Form water jacket between inside of boiler and the overcoat, the boiler appearance is provided with heat-insulation layer.

Be provided with coal store in the described gas generating chamber, the body of heater sidepiece is provided with coal filling hole and air inlet, and coal filling hole and air inlet all have the air channel, and coal filling hole and air inlet are communicated with coal store respectively; The coal store below is provided with fire grate, and the body of heater of fire grate below is provided with breast hole.

Be provided with water jacket partition in the described combustion chamber, water jacket partition separates the combustion chamber, and the combustion gas path is two S type trends;

Be provided with a plurality of convection tubes in the described secondary furnace.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:

Easy to use, fuel consumption is low, prevents that effectively heat runs off, and reduces the burning total amount, alleviates the pollution of waste gas to environment, makes environmental protection and the energy-conservation purposes that reach two receipts.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation;

The specific embodiment

A kind of horizontal backfire coal-burning boiler, comprise inside of boiler 18 and overcoat 19, inside of boiler 18 comprises gas generating chamber 6, combustion chamber 7 and secondary furnace 10, boiler adopts the coal-fired mode of backfire, boiler furnace is horizontal, upper of furnace body is provided with air pipe 15, outlet pipe 16, chimney 11 and shoot door 8, and the bottom is provided with return pipe 13; Form water jacket 17 between inside of boiler 18 and the overcoat 19.Be provided with coal store 4 in the gas generating chamber 6, the body of heater sidepiece is provided with coal filling hole 5 and air inlet 3, and coal filling hole 5 and air inlet 3 all have the air channel, and coal filling hole 5 and air inlet 3 are communicated with coal store 4 respectively; Coal store 4 belows are provided with fire grate 2, and the body of heater of fire grate 2 belows is provided with breast hole 1.

Wind at first enters the top of coal store 4 through the air channel, make to form backfire under the wind direction, and wind is by breast hole 1 time, and some enters in the stove from breast hole 1, forms secondary air, by multiple spot air distribution and backfire, makes fuel reach the purpose of completing combustion; Be provided with several water jacket partitions 9 in the combustion chamber 7, combustion chamber 7 is separated, improved combustion efficiency so greatly, make the combustion gas path be two S type trends; Be provided with a plurality of convection tubes 12 in the secondary furnace 10, make full use of flue gas like this, increase the thermal efficiency, be provided with heat-insulation layer 14, prevent that effectively heat runs off, and promptly reduces fuel consumption and has improved the thermal efficiency again in the boiler appearance.

Claims (4)

1. horizontal backfire coal-burning boiler, comprise inside of boiler and overcoat, inside of boiler comprises gas generating chamber, combustion chamber and secondary furnace, it is characterized in that, boiler adopts the coal-fired mode of backfire, boiler furnace is horizontal, and upper of furnace body is provided with air pipe, outlet pipe, chimney and shoot door, and the bottom is provided with return pipe; Form water jacket between inside of boiler and the overcoat, the boiler appearance is provided with heat-insulation layer.
2. horizontal backfire coal-burning boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that be provided with coal store in the described gas generating chamber, the body of heater sidepiece is provided with coal filling hole and air inlet, coal filling hole and air inlet all have the air channel, and coal filling hole and air inlet are communicated with coal store respectively; The coal store below is provided with fire grate, and the body of heater of fire grate below is provided with breast hole.
3. horizontal backfire coal-burning boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that be provided with water jacket partition in the described combustion chamber, water jacket partition separates the combustion chamber, and the combustion gas path is two S type trends.
4. horizontal backfire coal-burning boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with a plurality of convection tubes in the described secondary furnace.
CN 200920203917 2009-10-16 2009-10-16 Horizontal flashback coal burning boiler CN201522091U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200920203917 CN201522091U (en) 2009-10-16 2009-10-16 Horizontal flashback coal burning boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200920203917 CN201522091U (en) 2009-10-16 2009-10-16 Horizontal flashback coal burning boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201522091U true CN201522091U (en) 2010-07-07

Family

ID=42508268

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200920203917 CN201522091U (en) 2009-10-16 2009-10-16 Horizontal flashback coal burning boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201522091U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102384585A (en) * 2011-12-20 2012-03-21 余生明 Electronic temperature-control constant temperature boiler for biomass fuel and coal
CN104566946A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 关要领 Novel water heating furnace
CN105018146A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-11-04 上海应用技术学院 Latch type versatile biomass gasification furnace
CN105387616A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-09 徐昌艳 Full automatic backfire type straw gasification furnace

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102384585A (en) * 2011-12-20 2012-03-21 余生明 Electronic temperature-control constant temperature boiler for biomass fuel and coal
CN104566946A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 关要领 Novel water heating furnace
CN105018146A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-11-04 上海应用技术学院 Latch type versatile biomass gasification furnace
CN105387616A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-09 徐昌艳 Full automatic backfire type straw gasification furnace

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100707

Termination date: 20161016