CN106476340A - A kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material and its manufacture method - Google Patents

A kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material and its manufacture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106476340A
CN106476340A CN201610901918.2A CN201610901918A CN106476340A CN 106476340 A CN106476340 A CN 106476340A CN 201610901918 A CN201610901918 A CN 201610901918A CN 106476340 A CN106476340 A CN 106476340A
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fiber
fiber composite
engineering material
composite decorative
decorative engineering
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王建和
王正
龚蒙
高子震
张帅
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NINGBO ZHONGJIA LOW CARBON NEW TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
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NINGBO ZHONGJIA LOW CARBON NEW TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610901918.2A priority Critical patent/CN106476340A/en
Publication of CN106476340A publication Critical patent/CN106476340A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/02Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by structural features of a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B29/00Layered products comprising a layer of paper or cardboard
    • B32B29/02Layered products comprising a layer of paper or cardboard next to a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B33/00Layered products characterised by particular properties or particular surface features, e.g. particular surface coatings; Layered products designed for particular purposes not covered by another single class
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/306Resistant to heat
    • B32B2307/3065Flame resistant or retardant, fire resistant or retardant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/70Other properties
    • B32B2307/712Weather resistant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/70Other properties
    • B32B2307/714Inert, i.e. inert to chemical degradation, corrosion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/70Other properties
    • B32B2307/73Hydrophobic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2419/00Buildings or parts thereof
    • B32B2419/02Bricks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2419/00Buildings or parts thereof
    • B32B2419/04Tiles for floors or walls

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  • Chemical And Physical Treatments For Wood And The Like (AREA)
  • Finishing Walls (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material, including the surface decoration layer being arranged in order, fiberboard substrate layer, bottom surface balance layer;Described fiberboard substrate layer is made up of the renewable biomass fiber such as timber or bamboo wood or Plant fiber and water-repellent modified dose.The present invention also provides the manufacture method of above-mentioned fiber composite decorative engineering material:1) with the renewable biomass fiber such as timber or bamboo wood or Plant fiber as raw material, apply a certain amount of water-repellent modified dose, then through fiber drying, mat formation and hot pressing process makes fiberboard substrate;2) fiberboard substrate is carried out after sanding surface process, post decorative fireproof slab or dipping woodgrained paper and aluminium sesquioxide surface abrasion resistance paper in front, overleaf post balance layer, sawing after ageing.Product of the present invention is moistureproof, fire prevention and weather resistance are good, and environmental protection is it is adaptable to indoor and outdoor floor tile and ceramic tile, and can improve the combination property of fibrous plate, expands the range of application of fibrous plate.

Description

A kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material and its manufacture method
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to construction and decoration material field, more particularly, to a kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material and its manufacture Method.
【Background technology】
Indoor and outdoor engineering material is a very important class, the patcher of different occasions in construction and decoration material The performance requirement of journey material is different.Interior is easier occasion such as parlor, toilet, bathroom and kitchen etc. of humidity, dress Repair material requirements protection against the tide, fire prevention and mould proof, environmental protection simultaneously, but timber floor common in the market, consolidated floor and solid wood are multiple The protection against the tide, fire prevention and the fungicidal properties that close floor and decorative panel all not good it is easy to deformation and warpage, therefore parian or big Gypsum Fibrosum floor tile and ceramic tile occupy very big market.But, parian or marble tile and ceramic tile weight are big, fragility is high, plus Work is difficult, texture poor (having ice-cold sense), and is difficult to regeneration, there may be radiation simultaneously, do not meet China's environmental protection with The theory of sustainable development.Outdoor decoration engineering material in addition to dicoration, it is also desirable to have anti-corrosion, weather-proof (aging resistance, resist Ultraviolet), fire prevention, the key property such as indeformable, also require easy construction, easy to maintenance, price is low, long service life simultaneously. At present, outdoor floor tile and tile product, in addition to natural stone material, are typically all made by some inorganic material, such as fiber water The products such as mud, magnesium oxychloride, weight is big, low intensity, and texture is also poor, simultaneously unsustainable, very difficult regeneration.
Accordingly, it is capable to meet moistureproof, fire prevention, endurance quality and decoration performance requirement and environmental protection indoor and outdoor dress simultaneously Decorations engineering material kind is seldom it would be highly desirable to develop.
The decorative engineering material first-selection timber quality of environmental protection.Biomass fiber is green and continuable resource, comes Source is wide, can effectively reduce construction and decoration material cost.With felling, producing material, industrial wood waste and fast-growing and high-yield timber forest (poplar Based on wood, Eucalyptus and Masson Pine etc.) small diameter grade timber, based on the wooden bamboo fibre such as bamboo wood and urban waste timber or Plant fiber Want raw material, the wood-based plate that the adhesive such as applying Lauxite is made is commonly referred to as fibre board.Fibre board has uniform in material, strong in length and breadth Degree difference is little, easy to crack the advantages of, and manufacture 1 cubic metre of fibre board and only need the timber of 2.5-3 cubic meter, 3 cubes can be replaced Rice sawn timber or 5 cubic metres of logs.Fibreboard product be can be divided mainly into by density difference:Medium density fibre board (MDF) (GB/T11718- 1999, density is 500-880kg/m3), light fiberboard (LY/T 1718-2007, density be 500kg/m3Below) and hard is fine (GB/T12626-1990, density is more than 880kg/m to dimension plate3).But, these pass through conventional adhesive and production technology produces General fibre panel products are moistureproof, water-fast, corrosion resistant and weatherability are all very poor, do not reach indoor and outdoor floor tile and ceramic tile using will Ask, therefore cannot use in the field.
【Content of the invention】
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material, moistureproof, fire prevention and excellent in durability, and Environmental protection, and indoor and outdoor floor tile and ceramic tile can be applied to.
Another object of the present invention is to providing the manufacture method of above-mentioned fiber composite decorative engineering material, it is possible to increase fine The combination property of dimension sheet material, increases surcharge and the range of application of fibrous plate.
One of technical scheme is:
A kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material is it is characterised in that include surface decoration layer, the fibre board base being arranged in order Material layer, bottom surface balance layer;Described fiberboard substrate layer is made up of renewable biomass fiber and water-repellent modified dose.
Above-mentioned water-repellent modified dose of consumption is 200-700kg/m3.This consumption refers to respect to renewable biomass fiber Volume for addition.
The density of above-mentioned fiberboard substrate layer is 850-1200kg/m3.
Above-mentioned water-repellent modified dose comprises phenolic resin, isocyanate resin, resorcinol resin and modified aqueous acrylic acid Two or more mixture in binding agent.Because containing binding agent such as phenolic resin, isocyanates in water-repellent modified dose Two or more mixture in resin, resorcinol resin and modified aqueous acrylic acid binding agent, has resistance to well Aqueouss and ageing-resistant performance, the feature of environmental protection is good, quick solidifying, and cost is also than relatively low.
Above-mentioned water-repellent modified dose comprises Borax or Firebrake ZB or both mixture.In water-repellent modified dose because containing Borax or Firebrake ZB, mould proof, anti-corrosion and flameproof effect is good, low cost, environmental protection.
Above-mentioned water-repellent modified dose comprises nano titanium oxide or nano zine oxide or both mixture.In water-repellent modified dose Because of one or two the mixture containing nano titanium oxide and nano zine oxide, product is made to have good ageing-resistant and anti- Ultraviolet function, and nanometer materials are easy to disperse, and agitated equably can mix with glue.
Above-mentioned renewable biomass fiber is the wood fiber or bamboo fibre or Plant fiber or their mixture.Wooden bamboo is fine Dimension or Plant fiber are green continuable biomass resources it is also possible to be used with felling, producing material, industrial wood waste and fast growing The wood fiber such as the small diameter grade timber of timberland (based on poplar and Masson Pine), bamboo wood and urban waste timber or Plant fiber are main Raw material, source is wide, can effectively reduce construction and decoration material cost.
Above-mentioned surface decoration layer is PLASTIC LAMINATED or dipping woodgrained paper and aluminium sesquioxide surface abrasion resistance paper.
Above-mentioned bottom surface balance layer is PLASTIC LAMINATED, valve rubber, PVC or plastic foamboard, kraft paper, dipping paper, magnesium oxychloride plate, One of aperture fabric, veneer, bamboo curtain splint or bamboo mat, glass fabric, aluminium foil, carbon fiber, fabric fibre or non-woven fabrics.
This technical scheme has following beneficial technique effect:
(1) this product strength height, shock resistance, load-carrying properties are good;Moistureproof, water-fast, weather-proof, wear-resisting, anti-scratch, durability Good;Texture is gentle, has timber quality, and environmental protection grade is high;High temperature resistant, creep-resistant property is good, and dimensional stability is high;Anti-skidding, fire prevention, Decoration and high insulating effect.(2) the alternative traditional floor tile of this product, Dali stone ceramic tile, anticorrosive wood, carbonized wood and high cost Wood plastic composite etc., be widely used in the indoor decorating in parlor, toilet, bathroom and kitchen and outdoor engineering decorate, Fit up and go along with sb. to guard him.(3) this product is on the basis of existing medium density fiber board production technology, by innovation and technological transformation Make, there is extraordinary physical and mechanical property and decoration performance, overcome current China medium density fiber board industry and generally deposit Product free formaldehyde content is high, single varieties (homogeneity) problems, contribute to China's tradition medium density fiber panel products Update and enterprise transition and upgrade, economic worth is high.(4) this product has expanded the range of application of fibrous plate, makes Fibrous plate from the fields such as original Furniture manufacture, laminated flooring, composite gate and packaging expand to indoor and outdoor floor and finishing, Garden landscape engineering, decorating outer wall of building and go along with sb. to guard him.
Another technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of manufacture method of above-mentioned fiber composite decorative engineering material is it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:1) with can Regeneration biomass fiber or their mixture be raw material, apply a certain amount of water-repellent modified dose, then through fiber drying, mat formation Make fiberboard substrate with hot pressing process;2) fiberboard substrate is carried out, after sanding surface process, posting incrustation in front Layer, posts bottom surface balance layer in bottom surface, and sawing after ageing becomes certain specification (such as 600x600mm, 800x800mm), is formed indoor Or outdoor floor tile or ceramic tile.Above-mentioned post using cold pressing or hot pressing method.Cold pressing or the pressure of hot pressing and time are by glue kind With the difference posting material and different, general pressure be 0.5-2.0MPa, the time be 15 seconds to 1 hour.
This technical scheme has following beneficial technique effect:
1. the method, on the basis of existing medium density fiber board production technology, is made by innovation and technological transformation, Product has extraordinary physical and mechanical property and decoration performance, overcomes current China medium density fiber board industry generally existing Product free formaldehyde content is high, the problem of single varieties (homogeneity), contributes to China's tradition medium density fiber panel products more The new replacement and the transition and upgrade of enterprise, economic worth is high.2. the method increases the range of application of fibrous plate, makes fibrous plate Expand to indoor and outdoor floor and finishing, garden landscape from fields such as original Furniture manufacture, laminated flooring, composite gate and packagings Engineering, decorating outer wall of building and go along with sb. to guard him, are conducive to development and the application of green material.3. the fiber that the method manufactures is multiple Attach together decorations engineering material intensity height, shock resistance, load-carrying properties good;Moistureproof, water-fast, weather-proof, wear-resisting, anti-scratch, good endurance;Matter Temperature-sensitive and, have a timber quality, environmental protection grade is high;High temperature resistant, creep-resistant property is good, and dimensional stability is high;Anti-skidding, fire prevention, decoration And high insulating effect, alternative traditional floor tile, Dali stone ceramic tile, the wood plastic composite of anticorrosive wood, carbonized wood and high cost Deng being widely used in the indoor decorating in parlor, toilet, bathroom and kitchen and outdoor engineering decorated, fitted up and go along with sb. to guard him.
【Specific embodiment】
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described further.
Embodiment provided below simultaneously is not used to limit the scope that the present invention is covered, and described step is not to use To limit its execution sequence.Those skilled in the art do conspicuously improved with reference to existing common knowledge to the present invention, also fall Enter within the protection domain of application claims.
Embodiment one
A kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material, puts down including the surface decoration layer being arranged in order, fiberboard substrate layer, bottom surface Weighing apparatus layer;Described fiberboard substrate layer is made up of the wood fiber and water-repellent modified dose, and density is 850-900kg/m3.
Wherein, water-repellent modified dose of formula is 90% phenolic resin, 3% isocyanate resin, 1.5% Borax or boric acid The mixture (weight ratio) of zinc, 0.5% nano zine oxide and 5% modified aqueous acrylic acid binding agent, consumption is 200-350kg/ m3.Surface decoration layer is dipping woodgrained paper and aluminium sesquioxide surface abrasion resistance paper.Bottom surface balance layer is impregnated kraft paper.
A kind of manufacture method of above-mentioned fiber composite decorative engineering material, comprises the following steps:1) with the wood fiber as raw material, Apply 200-350kg/m3Water-repellent modified dose, then through fiber drying, mat formation and hot pressing process make density be 850-900kg/m3 The thick fiberboard substrate of 12mm;Wherein, water-repellent modified dose of formula be 90% phenolic resin, 3% isocyanate resin, The mixture (weight ratio) of 1.5% Borax or Firebrake ZB, 0.5% nano zine oxide and 5% modified aqueous acrylic acid binding agent;2) Fiberboard substrate is carried out after sanding surface process, posts dipping woodgrained paper and aluminium sesquioxide surface abrasion resistance in its sheet material front Paper, bottom surface posts impregnated kraft paper, the hot pressing 15-45 second at 180-200 DEG C of temperature and the pressure of 1.5-2.0MPa.Again through old After change, the fiber composite protection against the tide floor tile of certain specification (such as 600x600mm, 800x800mm) is made in sawing.
The product of this embodiment has timber quality, and color and luster is rich and varied, has good damp-proof and fireproof effect, product bullet Property modulus be 3000-4000MPa, MOR be 40-45MPa, internal bond strength be 1.0MPa, 24 hours thickness swellings< 3%, free formaldehyde content≤0.4mg/L, can extensively substitute traditional indoor floor tile and use.
Embodiment two
A kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material is it is characterised in that include surface decoration layer, the fibre board base being arranged in order Material layer, bottom surface balance layer;Described fiberboard substrate layer is made up of the wood fiber and water-repellent modified dose, and density is 900-1000kg/m3.
Wherein, water-repellent modified dose of formula be 85% phenolic resin, 5% resorcinol resin, 1.5% Borax or boric acid The mixture (weight ratio) of zinc, 0.5% nano zine oxide and 8% modified aqueous acrylic acid binding agent, consumption is 300-400kg/ m3.Bottom surface balance layer is plastic foamboard or non-woven fabrics.Surface decoration layer is the PLASTIC LAMINATED of thickness 0.5-1.2mm.
A kind of manufacture method of above-mentioned fiber composite decorative engineering material, comprises the following steps:1) with the wood fiber as raw material, By applying 300-400kg/m3Water-repellent modified dose, then through fiber drying, mat formation and hot pressing process make density be 900- 1000kg/m3The thick fiberboard substrate of 6mm;This water-repellent modified dose formula is 85% phenolic resin, 5% resorcinol tree Mixture (the weight of fat, 1.5% Borax or Firebrake ZB, 0.5% nano zine oxide and 8% modified aqueous acrylic acid binding agent Than);2) fiberboard substrate is carried out after sanding surface process, post 0.5- in its sheet material front using isocyanate resin The thick PLASTIC LAMINATED of 1.2mm, the back side using isocyanate resin post 1mm about thick plastic foamboard or non-woven fabrics, in room temperature With cold pressing under the pressure of 1.0-1.5MPa 60 minutes.Aged again, sawing make certain specification (such as 600x600mm, Fiber composite protection against the tide ceramic tile 800x800mm).
The product of this embodiment has timber quality, and color and luster is rich and varied, has good damp-proof and fireproof effect, and size is steady Fixed, elastic modelling quantity is 6500-8000MPa, and MOR is 65-80MPa, and internal bond strength is 1.2MPa, and thickness is swollen within 24 hours Swollen rate<3%, free formaldehyde content≤0.5mg/L, alternative traditional indoor Dali stone ceramic tile or artificial marble ceramic tiles use.
Embodiment three
A kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material is it is characterised in that include surface decoration layer, the fibre board base being arranged in order Material layer, bottom surface balance layer;Described fiberboard substrate layer is made up of the wood fiber and water-repellent modified dose, and density is 1000-1200kg/ m3.
Wherein, water-repellent modified dose of formula be 90% phenolic resin, 3% isocyanate resin, 3% Borax or Firebrake ZB, The mixture (weight ratio) of 0.5% nano zine oxide and 3.5% modified aqueous acrylic acid binding agent, consumption is 400-600kg/ m3.Surface decoration layer is dipping woodgrained paper and aluminium sesquioxide surface abrasion resistance paper.Bottom surface balance layer is impregnated kraft paper.
A kind of manufacture method of above-mentioned fiber composite decorative engineering material, comprises the following steps:1) with the wood fiber as raw material, By applying 400-600kg/m3Water-repellent modified dose, then through fiber drying, mat formation and hot pressing process make density be 1000- 1200kg/m3The thick fiberboard substrate of 12mm;This water-repellent modified dose formula is 90% phenolic resin, 3% isocyanates tree Mixture (the weight of fat, 3% Borax or Firebrake ZB, 0.5% nano zine oxide and 3.5% modified aqueous acrylic acid binding agent Than);2) fiberboard substrate is carried out after sanding surface process, post dipping woodgrained paper and aluminium sesquioxide table in its sheet material front Face abrasion-proof paper, bottom surface posts impregnated kraft paper, the hot pressing 15-45 second at 180-200 DEG C of temperature and the pressure of 1.5-2.0MPa. Aged again, the outdoor fiber composite protection against the tide floor tile of certain specification (such as 600x600mm, 800x800mm) is made in sawing.
The product of this embodiment has timber quality, and color and luster is rich and varied, has good mould proof, anti-corrosion and fire prevention effect Really, elastic modelling quantity is 6000-7000MPa, and MOR is 65-80MPa, and internal bond strength is 1.5MPa, and thickness is swollen within 24 hours Swollen rate<3%, free formaldehyde content≤0.5mg/L, the MOR after 2 hours boiling water boilings is more than 35MPa, good endurance (weight Amount loss rate is only 1.6%), alternative traditional wood plastic composite uses with outdoor floor tile, is widely used in outdoor engineering.
Example IV
A kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material is it is characterised in that include surface decoration layer, the fibre board base being arranged in order Material layer, bottom surface balance layer;Described fiberboard substrate layer is made up of the wood fiber and water-repellent modified dose, and density is 1000-1200kg/ m3.
Wherein, water-repellent modified dose of formula be 88% phenolic resin, 4% isocyanate resin, 3% Borax or Firebrake ZB, The mixture (weight ratio) of 0.5% nano zine oxide and 4.5% modified aqueous acrylic acid binding agent, consumption is 500-700kg/ m3.Surface decoration layer is the thick PLASTIC LAMINATED of 1mm.Bottom surface balance layer is the thick valve rubber of 1mm.
A kind of manufacture method of above-mentioned fiber composite decorative engineering material, comprises the following steps:1) with the wood fiber as raw material, By applying 500-700kg/m3Water-repellent modified dose, then through fiber drying, mat formation and hot pressing process make density be 1000- 1200kg/m3The thick fiberboard substrate of 6mm;This water-repellent modified dose formula is 88% phenolic resin, 4% isocyanates tree Mixture (the weight of fat, 3% Borax or Firebrake ZB, 0.5% nano zine oxide and 4.5% modified aqueous acrylic acid binding agent Than);2) fiberboard substrate is carried out after sanding surface process, post 1mm thickness in its sheet material front using isocyanate resin PLASTIC LAMINATED, the back side using isocyanate resin post 1mm about thick valve rubber, under the pressure of room temperature and 1.0-1.5MPa Cold pressing 60 minutes.Aged again, the outdoor fiber composite that certain specification (such as 600x600mm, 800x800mm) is made in sawing is prevented Damp ceramic tile.
The product of this embodiment has timber quality, and color and luster is rich and varied, has good weather-proof, mould proof, anti-corrosion and anti- Fiery effect, up to 9000MPa, MOR is 80-90MPa to elastic modelling quantity, and internal bond strength is 2.0MPa, and thickness is swollen within 24 hours Swollen rate<3%, the MOR after 2 hours boiling water boilings is 55MPa, free formaldehyde content≤0.5mg/L, and good endurance (damage by weight Mistake rate only be 0.6%), alternative traditional outdoor artificial marble ceramic tiles or Dali stone ceramic tile use.
Embodiment five
A kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material is it is characterised in that include surface decoration layer, the fibre board base being arranged in order Material layer, bottom surface balance layer;Described fiberboard substrate layer is made up of the wood fiber and water-repellent modified dose, and density is 1000-1200kg/ m3.
Wherein, water-repellent modified dose of formula is 88% phenolic resin, 8.5% isocyanate resin, 3% Borax or boric acid Zinc, the mixture (weight ratio) of 0.5% nano zine oxide, consumption is 500-700kg/m3.Surface decoration layer is the thick fire prevention of 1mm Plate.Bottom surface balance layer is the thick valve rubber of 1mm.
A kind of manufacture method of above-mentioned fiber composite decorative engineering material, comprises the following steps:1) with the wood fiber as raw material, By applying 500-700kg/m3Water-repellent modified dose, then through fiber drying, mat formation and hot pressing process make density be 1000- 1200kg/m3The thick fiberboard substrate of 6mm;This water-repellent modified dose formula is 88% phenolic resin, 4% isocyanates tree Mixture (the weight of fat, 3% Borax or Firebrake ZB, 0.5% nano zine oxide and 4.5% modified aqueous acrylic acid binding agent Than);2) fiberboard substrate is carried out after sanding surface process, post 1mm thickness in its sheet material front using isocyanate resin PLASTIC LAMINATED, the back side using isocyanate resin post 1mm about thick valve rubber, under the pressure of room temperature and 1.0-1.5MPa Cold pressing 60 minutes.Aged again, the outdoor fiber composite that certain specification (such as 600x600mm, 800x800mm) is made in sawing is prevented Damp ceramic tile.
The product of this embodiment has timber quality, and color and luster is rich and varied, has good weather-proof, mould proof, anti-corrosion and anti- Fiery effect, up to 9000MPa, MOR is 80-90MPa to elastic modelling quantity, and internal bond strength is 2.0MPa, and thickness is swollen within 24 hours Swollen rate<3%, the MOR after 2 hours boiling water boilings is 55MPa, free formaldehyde content≤0.5mg/L, and good endurance (damage by weight Mistake rate only be 0.6%), alternative traditional outdoor artificial marble ceramic tiles or Dali stone ceramic tile use.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material is it is characterised in that include surface decoration layer, the fiberboard substrate being arranged in order Layer, bottom surface balance layer;Described fiberboard substrate layer is made up of renewable biomass fiber and water-repellent modified dose.
2. fiber composite decorative engineering material according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described water-repellent modified dose of consumption For 200-700kg/m3.
3. fiber composite decorative engineering material according to claim 1 it is characterised in that described fiberboard substrate layer close Spend for 850-1200kg/m3.
4. fiber composite decorative engineering material according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described water-repellent modified dose comprises phenol Two or more mixed in urea formaldehyde, isocyanate resin, resorcinol resin and modified aqueous acrylic acid binding agent Compound.
5. fiber composite decorative engineering material according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described water-repellent modified dose comprises boron Sand or Firebrake ZB or both mixture.
6. fiber composite decorative engineering material according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described water-repellent modified dose comprises to receive Rice titanium dioxide or nano zine oxide or both mixture.
7. fiber composite decorative engineering material according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described renewable biomass fiber For the wood fiber or bamboo fibre or Plant fiber or their mixture.
8. fiber composite decorative engineering material according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described surface decoration layer is fire prevention Plate or dipping woodgrained paper or aluminium sesquioxide surface abrasion resistance paper.
9. fiber composite decorative engineering material according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described bottom surface balance layer is fire prevention Plate, valve rubber, PVC or plastic foamboard, kraft paper, dipping paper, magnesium oxychloride plate, aperture fabric, veneer, bamboo curtain splint or bamboo One of seat, glass fabric, aluminium foil, carbon fiber, fabric fibre or non-woven fabrics.
10. the manufacture method of the fiber composite decorative engineering material as described in a kind of any one as claim 1-9, its feature exists In comprising the following steps:1) with renewable biomass fiber as raw material, apply a certain amount of water-repellent modified dose, then do through fiber Dry, mat formation and hot pressing process makes fiberboard substrate;2) fiberboard substrate is carried out, after sanding surface process, posting institute in front State surface decoration layer, post described bottom surface balance layer in bottom surface, sawing after ageing forms.
CN201610901918.2A 2016-10-18 2016-10-18 A kind of fiber composite decorative engineering material and its manufacture method Pending CN106476340A (en)

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CN110819200A (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-02-21 陈家珺 Processing technology of environment-friendly magnetic decoration board
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CN111055364A (en) * 2019-12-22 2020-04-24 江苏锐升新材料有限公司 Processing technology of A-level fireproof biomass floor
CN115383847A (en) * 2022-09-09 2022-11-25 德华兔宝宝装饰新材股份有限公司 Homogeneous adhesive film paper veneer ecological board and manufacturing process thereof

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Application publication date: 20170308