CN106351439A - Aluminum alloy template construction technology and method - Google Patents

Aluminum alloy template construction technology and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106351439A
CN106351439A CN201610744843.1A CN201610744843A CN106351439A CN 106351439 A CN106351439 A CN 106351439A CN 201610744843 A CN201610744843 A CN 201610744843A CN 106351439 A CN106351439 A CN 106351439A
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
template
aluminum alloy
side plate
floor
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Granted
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CN201610744843.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106351439B (en
Inventor
焦安亮
黄延铮
冯大阔
张中善
宋闻辉
李永辉
侯涛
刘建
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China Construction Seventh Engineering Division Corp Ltd
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China Construction Seventh Engineering Division Corp Ltd
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Priority to CN201610744843.1A priority Critical patent/CN106351439B/en
Publication of CN106351439A publication Critical patent/CN106351439A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G9/00Forming or shuttering elements for general use
    • E04G9/02Forming boards or similar elements
    • E04G9/06Forming boards or similar elements the form surface being of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/36Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for floors, ceilings, or roofs of plane or curved surfaces end formpanels for floor shutterings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G13/00Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills
    • E04G13/04Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills for lintels, beams, or transoms to be encased separately; Special tying or clamping means therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses an aluminum alloy template construction technology and an aluminum alloy template construction method. By the technology and the method, a problem that the current template has the construction difficulty, complex operation, low construction cost and protection difficulty can be effectively solved; the technical solution solved by the technology and the method is implemented by the following steps: 1, determining the aluminum alloy template design solution; 2, configuring aluminum alloy template resources; 3, measuring method; 4, constructing sequence; 5, installing the aluminum alloy template; 6, removing the aluminum alloy template; the technology is strict, in comparison with a traditional technology, the aluminum alloy template construction solution implemented according to the technology has a great improvement, a disadvantage during construction is reduced, and the operating efficiency is increased.

Description

Aluminum alloy pattern plate construction technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to construction process method and technology field, more particularly to a kind of aluminum alloy pattern plate construction technique.
Background technology
With the fast development of building industry, the raising of Building technology, increasing superelevation, large building engineering are not Disconnected occur, and reinforced concrete composite structure or component are widely used in high-altitude long-span building structure.Steel reinforced concrete is Add the shaped steel of certain specification in concrete component, form overall structure component with concrete, make full use of steel strength high Feature, improves concrete component intensity, reduces concrete component sectional dimension.But due to such component, span is larger to be in height Sky, and component own wt is big.Therefore in template construction, its support system needs substantial amounts of circulation material.Difficulty of construction is big, applies Work high cost, security protection is difficult.In order to solve, high-altitude long-span steel reinforced concrete crossbeam template construction difficulty is big, construction cost The problems such as high, security protection is difficult, a kind of beam formwork for building of ad hoc meter.
Content of the invention
For above-mentioned situation, for overcoming the defect of prior art, the purpose of the present invention is exactly to provide a kind of aluminum alloy pattern plate construction Technique and method, effectively solve the problems such as current template construction difficulty, complex operation, construction cost height, protection difficulty.
The technical scheme that it solves is that the present invention is implemented according to following steps: the first step: determine aluminum alloy pattern plate design; Second step: aluminum alloy mould plate resource distribution;3rd step: measuring method;4th step: sequence of construction;5th step: aluminum alloy pattern plate is installed; 6th step: aluminum alloy pattern plate is removed.
Present invention process is rigorous, has with respect to traditional process according to the aluminum alloy pattern plate arrangement and method for construction that this technique is carried out Greatly improve, can accelerating construction progress, simultaneously reduce construction present in disadvantage, improve work efficiency.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of beam forms of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is floor template construction schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is floor template fixed seat of the present invention and the connection diagram of side plate.
Fig. 5 is the side schematic view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the connection diagram of floor template of the present invention and connecting rod.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
Be given by Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, the present invention comprises the steps:
The first step: determine aluminum alloy pattern plate design: 1, design beam forms, 2, design floor template, 3, design wall column aluminum alloy pattern plate system System, 4, design aluminum alloy pattern plate flooring and beam support system.
Second step: aluminum alloy mould plate resource distribution.
3rd step: measuring method: 1, floor axis pilot measurement, 2, floor absolute altitude pilot measurement.
4th step: sequence of construction: index bed template, reinforcing bar, the sequence of construction of concreting are: wall, post reinforcing bar binding → aluminum alloy mould plate installation → wall, post concreting → beam reinforced steel bar colligation → aluminum alloy mould plate installation → beam slab concrete pour Build.Beam forms and floor template sequence of construction are as follows: structure is levelling, brush template interleaving agent, template unwrapping wire, installation, positioning, school Directly, beam-slab template is installed;The concrete cast back rest, plate form removable;Hand haulage is to last layer.
5th step: aluminum alloy pattern plate is installed: 1, prepare to accept and lay (arrangement of modular shuttering element), 2, horizontal survey, 3, setting-out, 4th, control/correction of deviation, 5, wall column aluminum alloy pattern plate is installed, 6, beam-slab template is installed, 7, flat-die periphery backplate is installed, 8, pour front inspection Look into.
6th step: aluminum alloy pattern plate remove: 1, remove wall column formwork, 2, remove backform, 3, remove support bar, 4, cleaning, transport And stack template, 5, transmission template, 6, stack, 7, remove flat-die periphery backplate, 8, remove wall climb wall stand and work platformses.
According to the floor template of this construction technology design, including top board 1, side plate 2, top board 1 encloses bottom with side plate 2 and opens The box body structure of mouth, side plate 2 arranges several connecting holes 3, and it is dismountable that adjacent floor template passes through connecting hole 3 connection formation Structure has interval and the relative adjustment plate of opening 4 it is characterised in that being provided with three in the middle part of side plate 2 medial surface with side plate 2, One end of adjustment plate 4 and side plate 2 surface integrally connected, are provided with fixed seat 5, three tune between three described adjustment plate 4 openings Imposite 4 is located at fixed seat 5 both sides and downside respectively, and the both sides of fixed seat 5 and downside are respectively protruding between adjustment plate 4 and side plate 2 Every between, form the connected structure between fixed seat 5 and side plate 2, the described internal setting groove 501 of fixed seat 5, two are relatively The groove 501 of fixed seat 5 between fixed connecting rod 6.
Described fixed seat 5 includes the base plate of platy structure, and backplate surface center outwardly forms boss, described The interval of adjustment plate 4 and side plate 2 is stretched in the both sides of base plate.
The attachment structure that three described adjustment plate 4 are formed in one.
The floor template bottom of described connection also sets up support bar 7, described support bar 7 pass through top support connector 8 with Floor template connects, and described top support connector 8 is made up of two relative steel plates 801, two steel plates 801 are respectively equipped with to Few two through holes, split bolt 802 passes through through hole to be connected steel plate 801 outside with the side plate 2 of floor template, described to drawing spiral shell Support bar 7 is set between bolt 802.
Described floor template is made for aluminum alloy materials.
According to the beam forms of this construction technology design, including beam side plate 9 it is characterised in that beam side plate 9 is arranged in pairs, beam It is provided with multiple cross reinforcings 10 and longitudinal brace 11, beam side plate 9 both sides arrange connecting plate 12, connecting plate 12 outside side plate 9 On multiple uniform first connecting holes 13 are distributed with, offer inside gap 14 on the downside of beam side plate 9, clamping beam bottom in gap 14 Template 15, is provided with multiple column joints 17, side plate 17 lower end is extended with " l " type fishplate bar 16, on fishplate bar 16 below beam bottom mother plate 15 It is evenly equipped with multiple second connecting holes 18, in the second connecting hole 18, connects split bolt 19, constitute two beam side plates 9 and connect and by beam The stuck structure of end template 15.
A described column joint 17 maximum spacing 1200mm.
Described beam bottom mother plate 15 thickness is 100mm.
The present invention in the specific implementation, with reference to herein below:
Measuring method particular content is:
1st, floor axis pilot measurement:
(1) building axis are controlled and adopt internal control method, be equipped with a laser plummet apparatus and a total powerstation.
(2) laser plummet apparatus is set up in throwing and sets at control point, and centering flattens, and opens Laser Power Devices, and operation sighted by telescope Layer receiver hole, adjusting focal length, make laser beam spot concentrate on minimum bright spot, labelling is made on graticle.
(3) some labellings are made on flooring according to surveyed control point, eject this control line with the line of ink marker, with steel ruler along control Line processed measures each wall, post, beam axis or sideline position, is ejected with the line of ink marker, and performs mark with red paint, in case check.
(4) construction subdivision in four buildings in this plot is carried out, therefore each unit three unwrapping wire holes are set it is ensured that with floor with Closure in unit.
2nd, floor absolute altitude pilot measurement:
(1) according to ± 0.000 absolute altitude, hang ribbon near ± 0.00 position, finished according to required absolute altitude and steel ruler reading Absolute altitude control line, i.e. elevation pilot measurement success.
(2) usual method is that work layer relative elevation is raised 500mm as floor elevation control.
What aluminum alloy pattern plate was installed concretely comprises the following steps:
1st, prepare to accept and lay (arrangement of modular shuttering element)
1) must stack by specification and size after template unloads.Generally template is divided into 25 a piles, is safely deposited in shelf Or on supporting plate.
2) neat according to numbering nested arrangement, in order to distinguish.
3) must assure that first piece of bottom template plate face when stacking upward.
4) all of pin, chock, wall mould connector, pvc pipe and special tool(s) are validly stored, needing to make Used time distributes down again.
5) need to be according to checking component with packing list, to guarantee that component is all on board.
2nd, horizontal survey
1), before assembly template, concrete horizontal measurement and level correction should be carried out on rigging position.
2) all horizontal surveies are all on the basis of horizontal basic point temporarily.
3) all surveying records are achieved by specified supervisor and preserve.
4) when measuring, generally draw on floor just (+) or negative (-) to carry out labelling measurement result be effective method, this The method of kind does not need loaded down with trivial details written language to express, and makes builder can judge which place needs to revise at a glance.
5) exceed the place of datum mark along wall line, suitable level height should be polished to.It is less than the ground of datum mark along wall line Side, need to be with plywood or wood filling template to desired level height.Low level in corner and wall has to fully clog, because Assembled good template will be across low level as bridge.Concrete surface exceeds more than datum mark 8mm's it is necessary to be polishing to correct water Pingdu.
6), after concrete placings, the also horizontal survey to be carried out of flat-die peripheral protective top of the plate portion, because the levelness of flat-die periphery backplate Structure disalignment can be caused it means that template can not keep its verticality.
7) after pouring for convenience, adjustment flat-die periphery backplate, should open the elongated hole of 26mm on its face.
8) as concrete surface horizontal survey, the surveying record of flat-die periphery backplate also will be achieved by specified builder to be protected Deposit.Separate-blas estimation also should execute and record archive simultaneously.
3rd, setting-out
1) the template system layout drawing being used for setting-out need to be provided and be checked accreditation by design portion of aluminum dipping form company.
2) Loft Line should continue to pass through at least 150mm such as opening, external corner, so that correct position before cast for the Control architecture Put.
3) it is based on reference point and layout point is extremely important, need to protect and prevent it mobile or damage.
4th, control/correction of deviation
1) pass through to study deviation and measurement flat-die periphery template levelness it may be determined which position is the need of being modified work Make.
2) if flat-die periphery backplate needs to adjust absolute altitude, fastening bolt can be unscrewed counterclockwise, adjust it to required position Postpone and tighten bolt again.
3) after installing vertical formwork, check the perpendicularity of formpiston immediately, this may determine whether to need to take further Controlling measurement deviation.
4) in addition to the absolute altitude of flat-die periphery backplate, template can be pulled to reach correct position with screw jack and iron chains Put.As template need to be adjusted in wall thickness direction, then can be carried out with adjustable supports.
5th, wall column aluminum alloy pattern plate is installed
1), during initial installation form, positioning bar is weldingly fixed on indulges muscle on wall column, and the same width of wall body of positioning bar length, away from ground about It is welded on wall column at 5cm degree degree to indulge on muscle, to ensure model sheetinstallat be aligned Loft Line.
2) all templates are all to start to install from corner, and template so can be made to keep lateral stability.One piece of corner template is just Enough lateral support can be provided to very long wall mould.
3), before installation form, need to ensure that all template contacts faces and edge part have been cleared up and oiling.
4) continue whole face wall mould is installed after corner is stable and interior angle mould presses Loft Line positioning.In order to remove conveniently, wall mould When being connected with interior angle mould, the head of pin should be as far as possible inside interior angle mould.
5) before closing template, need on wall mould connector overcoat pvc pipe in advance, sleeve pipe to be ensured and wall both sides simultaneously Template face contact position will accurately, to withdraw to drawing screw after cast.
6) when deviation in exterior wall it is necessary to adjust as early as possible to tram, this need to be by outer wall mould in a plane , there is vertical missing if there are both direction in slight inclination, then more than two-layer to be adjusted, one direction of one layer of adjustment.Must not taste Pinged monolateral lifting to adjust the alignment of template, if there is larger deviation, needing chisel to beat part concrete will to reach owner Ask.
7), in once being lifted, maximum 8mm is enough in vertical direction.
6th, beam forms is installed
1) before wall top margin mould and beam angle mould being installed, coating release agent at component with concrete surface.
2), when wall top margin mould and corner mould are connected with wall form, pin should be inserted from above and taken off with pin during preventing from pouring Fall.Install wall top margin mould, you can start template die is installed in corner, it is necessary to assure contact edge coating release agent.
3) plate-girder is used for supporting template die, in most of the cases, should assemble plate-girder by template die layout drawing;Use 132mm pin With the bb of two 330mm, the dp in plate-girder molectron is coupled together with two adjacent plate support beams.
4) support bar is arranged in advance on mounted transverse beam assembly towards crossbeam direction, when removing support bar, this can protect Protect its bottom.
5) with support bar lifting crossbeam to appropriate location.By in corner mounted template die end, with pin by beam Connect with template die.
6) ensure that the header board support beam frame of installation has been painted with oil.
7) often ranked first block template to be connected with wall top margin mould and support beam.Second piece of template only need to be with first piece of template die phase Even, (usual two sets of pins are just much of that).Second piece of template is not connected with crossbeam when being to place the 3rd of same row the piece of template There are enough adjusting ranges, after upper to the 3rd piece of template and second piece of template connection, second piece of template is fixed on crossbeam.With Same method places the remaining template of this row.
8) many rows can be installed simultaneously, oiling work is completed before laying reinforcing bar on top board die face.
9) absolute altitude in whole template faces should after mounting of roof plate completes, be checked, then can be at support bar bottom if necessary to adjustment Portion's cushioning block adjustment levelness.
10) for the window that wafts, tear open for ease of aluminum dipping form peace, the window that will waft is divided into two parts and constructs respectively: part and this layer under the window that wafts Floor and lower floor's wall column are constructed together, install segment template on the window that wafts again after the completion of part concreting under window to be waftd, and with This layer of wall column is constructed together.Waft the same floor of window mold method, and the support only waftd under window adopts short support.
The 7th, flat-die periphery backplate is installed
1) in the place having continuous vertical formwork, such as elevator, wall face etc., with flat-die periphery backplate, floor is surrounded closing One week and the coupling assembly as last layer vertical formwork.
2), after ground floor cast, two layers of flat-die periphery backplate are all necessary, do not tear open in order to be fixed on preceding layer for one Template on, the top that another is fixed on wall mould surrounds the surrounding of floor.
3) pour be over after retain top flat-die peripheral protective plate, as the starting point of lower floor's wall mould.
4) flat-die periphery backplate is connected with wall form, guarantees to have carried out cleaning and oiling work before installing flat-die peripheral protective Make.In order to prevent pin from coming off during pouring, pin must be inserted downwardly into the upper of flat-die periphery backplate from wall mould lower frame Frame.
5) elongated hole of 26mm x 16.5mm is opened on flat-die periphery backplate, before pouring, the bolt of m16 is arranged on tightly By trench bottom position, these bolts are by the concrete being anchored at solidification.After pouring, if necessary to flat-die being adjusted with adjustment bolt The levelness of peripheral backplate, this can also Control architecture perpendicularity.
6) positioning of flat-die periphery backplate, checks the positioning of flat-die periphery backplate: straight flat-die periphery backplate with messenger wire Can ensure that the linearity of next layer of wall mould.
7) alignment flat-die periphery backplate method, fixes back cord with the drag link with pvc sleeve pipe, and is later used to installment work Platform.In the junction of two flat-die periphery backplates, using b.k.s. (being fixed on the top of Ji edge under backplate) to ensure junction Concordantly.
What aluminum alloy pattern plate was removed concretely comprises the following steps:
1st, remove wall form
1) concrete condition according to engineering project determines striking time, generally can remove wall mould after 24 hours.
2) ensure before removing wall mould that following part is removed: all stulls, back cord, the pin in template and chock, Safety problem to be paid special attention in outside and hollow region when removing pin and chock, collection material will be paid attention in the form removal phase, system One stacking, prevents pin and chock from losing.
3) form removal work should be started at wall side, as early as possible the extracting to the work drawing screw of form removal, if removed Early it is only necessary to very little strength and little time.
4) it is also critically important for installing outdoor scaffold on exterior wall, because the installation of lower template will be carried out above. Remove to draw to ensure during screw it neat be placed on suitable region, prepare for next layer of installment work.
5) all parts are cleaned work after removing immediately, and more early cleaning is better.On a row to be removed One piece of template because have with other adjacent forms is connected more difficult dismounting, if having carried out suitable cleaning and painting before pouring Oil works and employs the special pull bar of form removal, then be easy to form removal.Remaining template has such as cleaned and oiling before use, To be easy to remove adjacent forms using the special pull bar of form removal.
6) can start to remove sleeve pipe while removing wall form.With remove the same to drawing screw, from wall remove when Between more early consumption time less it is also possible to reduce damage, thus each sleeve pipe be obtained in that maximum utilization rate.Proboscis tweezers Remove sleeve pipe.Ensure when removing sleeve pipe to be stored in chest, to prepare for the next use.
7) when template is transferred to another place, carry out mark and rational stacking is in suitable place, this will very Be conducive to the installation of next wall mould and can prevent work from causing confusion.
2nd, remove backform
1) the dismounting time sets according to the concrete condition of each engineering project, generally can remove after 48 hours Backform, but support and retain.Remove before work starts and should set up work platformses to ensure safety.When noticing that temperature is below 0 DEG C, Concrete can be slower than air-setting, notes carrying out concrete heat-insulating measure, and temperature relatively low situation lower roof plate is removed the time and should be slowed down Remove after 10 ~ 12 hours.Permanent structure (floorboard and beam) must be carried out with the check of early strength under construction loads effect. To verify the shown feasibility torn plate in advance open and tear the top time open.
2) remove work from the beginning of removing plate-girder, remove the beam form connecting rod on pin and the plate-girder at its place.Followed by Remove pin and the chock of plate-girder and adjacent top board.Then plate-girder can be removed.
3), when first piece of template of every string is laid in wall top margin mould supporting mouth, adjacent mold plate, Ran Houcong to first be removed Need to remove pin and chock in the template removed, using withdrawing pattern tool, adjacent forms are separated.Clearly dismounting order is Determined by erection sequence.
3rd, remove support bar
Basic condition according to engineering project is setting support bar quantity.A set of aluminum dipping form is furnished with three cage plate bottoms and supports, four sets of beam bottoms Support, the supports of five sets hanging wall constructions, plate bottom is supported on that 12 days rears of concreting are dismountable, and beam bottom is supported on concreting Rear is dismountable within 16 days, and it is dismountable that cantilever design is supported on 20 days rears.When removing each support bar, caught with handss and prop up Wooden mallet is used to hit support bar bottom along support beam direction after strut.
4th, clean, transport and stack template
1) remove dirt, all parts use scraper and wire brush to remove dirt after removing immediately.Wire brush is served only for template The cleaning of frame.
2) delay cleaning time longer, cleaning is more difficult.Generally preferably it is cleaned work immediately in the place removed.
5th, transmit template
By the reserved 200*700 material transfer mouth on floor, material transfer mouth four side two c16 distributing bars of each setting are strengthened.Transport Pouring concrete closing again after template.
6th, stack
After the template removing transports to next mount point, rational place is overlayed with correct order.Classify conjunction Template is stacked on reason ground, makes the mark of distinctness, the installation to next round template is very helpful, and is also prevented from addition Problem chaotic and that initiation is unnecessary.
7th, remove flat-die periphery backplate
Only remove the flat-die periphery backplate being connected with wall form bottom, top flat-die peripheral protective is not removed and is used for supporting next layer Wall mould.After wall mould is removed, remove anchor bolt, pull down lower floor's flat-die periphery backplate, be then cleaned working with oiling, In case next time uses.Anchor bolt will be cleaned with steel brush after using every time.Each layer of flat-die periphery backplate all cross-layer uses.
8th, remove wall and climb wall stand and work platformses
1) lower floor climb wall stand must start in upper strata concrete floor slab placement remove, in case next time use.
In these during the operations, everyone has first had to safety consciousness.It is to ensure that not miscellaneous on work platformses first Thing.
2) operating position is divided into upper and lower two-layer, and operator receive the material of lower floor in upper working lining, another behaviour Make personnel to be operated in lower floor, the template that top men receive lower floor personnel delivery is installed, and each operator must Must mandatory fasten seat belts and fall-proofing device.Fall-proofing device is hung on above bracket with quick disassembled shackle.Dropproof dress Put and move on to next mount point by the operator on upper strata.
3) remove footboard and deck, pass the operator on upper strata, then remove arm-rest frame.
4) because of safety factorss, climb wall stand remove when must overall pulling down and be unable to partial demolition.
5) another part people follows closely and removes hanging scaffolding support below, and is responsible for installing the cantilever of next layer by these people Scaffold support.Typically there is the scaffold of two-layer installation, on upper strata, another part people is in the building of lower floor for some people Interior.The personnel on upper strata need with the rope with s shaped steel hook, hook the hanging scaffolding of lower floor.
6) lower floor personnel within doors can start loose nut and release connector, then remove hanging scaffolding and support, and And operator are while tie-rod gently beats in portion in doors, top men's slow rope, until scaffold is completely from building Build thing to separate.Hanging scaffolding is risen to last layer, prepares for using next time.
The project checking is needed: 1) all templates should clean and scribble qualified releasing agent before concreting;2) guarantee wall mould Install by Loft Line;3) check at whole openings, whether size correctly has no torsional deformation;4) check all horizontal mould (backform and Beam bottom board) it is level;5) ensure that plate bottom and beam bottom support bar are vertical, and support bar does not have the pine in vertical direction Dynamic;6) check whether wall mould and the back cord of post mould and bearing diagonal are correct;7) check to draw screw, pin, chock keep in situ and Firmly;8) surplus material and other object are cleaned out pouring area;9) guarantee that suspension work platformses bracing frame is reliably fixed on mixed On Xtah Crude Clay structure.
Maintenance during concrete cast during casting concrete: 1) at least will have two operative employees during concrete cast Stand ready and check pin, chock and to the connection drawing screw in the wall both sides poured into a mould;2) pin, chock or to drawing Screw landing can lead to the displacement of template and the damage of template, and the region being affected by these needs to repair after form removal.
Points for attention during concreting: 1) because vibration causes pin/chock to come off;2) because vibration causes horizontal stroke Beam/flat-die props up the decline sliding of fastener adjacent area;Ensure that the whole support of special area is intact, particularly wall mould, post mould, beam Mould and its support can not shift;3) position concrete has non-spill at window opening etc.;4) await orders operative employee it is necessary to have following Instrument (on hand): pin and chock, adjustable support, cement nail, carpenter's saw and hand hammer, some do the short wood of attached lip block Bar (if necessary).
Points for attention after concreting: for ensureing concrete quality, three groups of same bars need to be increased during coagulation pouring construction Maintenance test cube, needs before removing bed die first to carry out this test block pressure testing detection, or scene carries out reisilometer detection, test block is strong Degree is not less than after 10mpa just can report supervising engineer's approval on request and removes bed die.
The prompting of this aluminum alloy mould plate system process is as follows:
(1) workman must wear safety helmet and safety shoe, such as in exterior wall work it is necessary to wear safety belt.
(2) it is necessary to avoid pulling using correct operation during moving object, and avoid making object pine fall.
(3) according to aluminum dipping form installation diagram then, template mould numbering and order install.
(4) aluminium sheet of installation, cleaning cement mortar and oily upper plate moulding oil will be ready for.
(5) when installing initial workpiece aluminum alloy pattern plate, (such as: using iron wire rope locking structure reinforcing bar) need to temporarily be consolidated.
(6) when template die is persistently installed, interim fixing measure (such as: using single top larynx cylinder etc.) need to be kept.
(7) when persistently sealing panel mold process sequence, wall mould silk through walls can be borrowed, view picture aluminium sheet mould is consolidated temporarily.
(8) flooring is installed, proper height workbench or ferrum chair need to be used.
(9) with reference to aluminum alloy pattern plate installation diagram then, flooring is installed.
(10) when flooring aluminum alloy pattern plate not yet completes, forbid in flooring deposit material.
(11) when flooring aluminum dipping form not yet completes, other workmans are forbidden to walk about in flooring.
(12), after aluminum alloy pattern plate installation, need to make to finely tune that wall body is vertical and flooring level etc..
(13) " ferrum point " and " iron plate " can not leave about, and all scattered objects need to be put in bucket.
(14) can not be left about by the aluminum alloy pattern plate that upper strata is transported by lower floor and put in order.
(15) when dismantling flooring it is necessary to by tearing open outward to interior, it is to avoid aluminum alloy pattern plate is by falling outside window.
(16) as exterior wall aluminum alloy pattern plate temporarily need to be put using workbench it is necessary to make it stable, such as tiny aluminum alloy pattern plate is it is necessary to put list into In position.
Aluminum dipping form will carry out the maintenance to concrete after removing, and prevents concrete from the crack that should not have it is ensured that concrete Quality, major measure is as follows:
During water seasoning concrete component, the surface of concrete component, especially beam slab lower surface are intended to keep moisture state, prevent Only early to tear maintenance open not in place and produce desciccation crack for aluminum dipping form.
After beam slab bed die is removed, forbid disturbance to support, and a upper floor is forbidden to stack load, prevents floor stress mistake Early or overload causes crack.
After first day casting concrete, second day workman, should be on floor on floor during the construction operation such as assembling reinforcement Laying plank dispersion construction loads, weight of simultaneously forbidding to toss on floor, prevent impact load from causing cracks on floor slab.
Present invention process is rigorous, has with respect to traditional process according to the aluminum alloy pattern plate arrangement and method for construction that this technique is carried out Greatly improve, can accelerating construction progress, simultaneously reduce construction present in disadvantage, improve work efficiency.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of aluminum alloy pattern plate construction technique, comprises the steps:
The first step: determine aluminum alloy pattern plate design: 1, design beam forms, 2, design floor template, 3, design wall column aluminum alloy pattern plate system System, 4, design aluminum alloy pattern plate flooring and beam support system;
Second step: aluminum alloy mould plate resource distribution;
3rd step: measuring method: 1, floor axis pilot measurement, 2, floor absolute altitude pilot measurement;
4th step: sequence of construction: index bed template, reinforcing bar, the sequence of construction of concreting are: wall, post reinforcing bar binding → aluminum Alloy templates installation → wall, post concreting → beam reinforced steel bar colligation → aluminum alloy mould plate installation → beam slab concreting; Beam forms and floor template sequence of construction are as follows: structure is levelling, brush template interleaving agent, template unwrapping wire, installation, positioning, alignment, beam Plate model sheetinstallat;The concrete cast back rest, plate form removable;Hand haulage is to last layer;
5th step: aluminum alloy pattern plate is installed: 1, prepare to accept and lay (arrangement of modular shuttering element), 2, horizontal survey, 3, setting-out, 4, control System/correction of deviation, 5, wall column aluminum alloy pattern plate is installed, 6, beam-slab template is installed, 7, flat-die periphery backplate is installed, 8, pour front inspection;
6th step: aluminum alloy pattern plate is removed: 1, remove wall column formwork, 2, remove backform, 3, remove support bar, 4, cleaning, transport and folded Put template, 5, transmission template, 6, stack, 7, remove flat-die periphery backplate, 8, remove wall climb wall stand and work platformses.
2. the floor template designed by construction technology according to claim 1, including top board (1), side plate (2), top board 1) Enclose the box body structure of lower openings with side plate (2), side plate (2) is upper to arrange several connecting holes (3), and adjacent floor template leads to Cross connecting hole (3) and connect the dismountable structure of formation it is characterised in that being provided with three and side plate (2) in the middle part of side plate (2) medial surface There is interval and the relative adjustment plate of opening (4), one end of adjustment plate (4) and side plate (2) surface integrally connected, described three It is provided with fixed seat (5), three adjustment plate (4) are located at fixed seat (5) both sides and downside respectively between individual adjustment plate (4) opening, Gu The both sides of reservation (5) and downside are respectively protruding between adjustment plate (4) and the interval of side plate (2), form fixed seat (5) and side plate (2) connected structure between, setting groove (501), the groove of two seats that are relatively fixed (5) inside described fixed seat (5) (501) fixed connecting rod (6) between.
3. floor template according to claim 2 is it is characterised in that described fixed seat (5) includes the bottom of platy structure Plate, backplate surface center outwardly forms boss, and the both sides of described base plate are stretched between adjustment plate (4) and side plate (2) Every place.
4. floor template according to claim 2 is it is characterised in that what three described adjustment plate (4) were formed in one Attachment structure.
5. floor template according to claim 2 is it is characterised in that the floor template bottom of described connection also sets up support Bar (7), described support bar (7) is connected with floor template by top support connector (8), described top support connector (8) It is made up of two relative steel plates (801), two steel plates (801) are respectively equipped with least two through holes, split bolt (802) passes through Side plate (2) with floor template outside steel plate (801) is connected by through hole, arranges support bar between described split bolt (802) (7).
6. floor template according to claim 2 is it is characterised in that described floor template is for aluminum alloy materials make Become.
7. the beam forms designed by construction technology according to claim 1, including beam side plate (9) it is characterised in that beam side Plate (9) is arranged in pairs, and is provided with multiple cross reinforcings (10) and longitudinal brace (11), beam side plate (9) two outside beam side plate (9) Side setting connecting plate (12), is distributed with multiple uniform first connecting holes (13), beam side plate opens up on the downside of (9) on connecting plate (12) There are inside gap (14), the interior clamping beam bottom mother plate of gap (14) (15), below beam bottom mother plate (15), be provided with multiple column joints (17), side plate (17) lower end is extended with " l " type fishplate bar (16), and fishplate bar (16) is evenly equipped with multiple second connecting holes (18), and second Connect split bolt (19) in connecting hole (18), constitute two beam side plates (9) and connect and by structure stuck for beam bottom mother plate (15).
8. beam forms according to claim 7 is it is characterised in that described props up column joint (17) maximum spacing 1200mm.
9. beam forms according to claim 7 is it is characterised in that described beam bottom mother plate (15) thickness is 100mm.
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CN107795121A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-03-13 山西建集团有限公司 Agent structure increases a layer aluminum alloy mould plate jack-up construction method
CN110145115A (en) * 2019-06-05 2019-08-20 广东志特新材料科技有限公司 A kind of high trestle aluminum alloy mould plate system and its construction method
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