CN106334146A - 一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN106334146A
CN106334146A CN201610823907.7A CN201610823907A CN106334146A CN 106334146 A CN106334146 A CN 106334146A CN 201610823907 A CN201610823907 A CN 201610823907A CN 106334146 A CN106334146 A CN 106334146A
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罗娟
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Chengdu Feilong Water Treatment Technology Institute
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Abstract

本发明属于中药制剂领域,目的是根据中医对痰湿型癥瘕的认识机理而提供的一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下:枇杷叶、桑白皮、杏仁、白术、布渣叶、黄牛茶、茯苓、佛手、甘松、水田七、当归、草豆蔻、薏苡仁、扁豆、鸡骨香、玉米须、白茅根、白芥子、东风橘、海浮石、昆布、百眼藤、赤芍、紫背金牛、红丝线;本发明提供的药物是一个标本兼治的中药组方。

Description

一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物及其制备方法
技术领域
本发明属于中药制剂领域,具体涉及一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物,特别是供痰湿型癥瘕患者使用的散剂药物及其制备方法的领域。
背景技术
医者认为:痰湿症名。是指人的体质的一种症状。亦称为迟冷质,多由饮食不当或疾病困扰而导致。这里的“痰”并非只指一般概念中的痰,而是指人体津液的异常积留,是病理性的产物;“湿”分为内湿和外湿,外湿指空气潮湿、环境潮湿,如淋雨、居处潮湿等,外在湿气会侵犯人体而致病;内湿是指消化系统运作失宜,对水在体内的流动失控以致津液停聚,或因饮食水分过多,或因饮酒、乳酪、生冷饮料,而使体内津液聚停而形成内湿。此种体质者多伴有脾胃功能失调、内分泌失调等。
癥瘕,妇科症瘕为腹中结块的病。坚硬不移动,痛有定处为"症";聚散无常﹐痛无定处为"瘕"。其涵盖了各种妇科良性肿瘤,病种较多,是妇科常见病、疑难病症。此病多因脏腑失调,气血阻滞,瘀血内结引起,气聚为瘕,血瘀为症。证候以气滞、血瘀、痰湿、湿热等四型多见。
那么,就如何找到一种可有效治疗痰湿型癥瘕的药物,是我们目前急需要解决的问题。
发明内容
随着我国中医中药学的不断发展,在治疗痰湿型癥瘕上,人们逐渐意识到了中医治疗痰湿型癥瘕的优点,且在治疗过程中疗效好、见效快、毒副作用小等优势,针对现有西医治疗痰湿型癥瘕的现状,本发明的目的是在于提供一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物,以解决痰湿型癥瘕患者早日恢复健康的问题。该药物是以常见的中药为原料,通过选择合理的药物及质量份比,可有效治疗上述痰湿型癥瘕一证。
为达到上述发明的目的,本发明所采用的技术方案为:提供一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示。
枇杷叶90~160g、桑白皮90~160g、杏仁30~100g、白术30~160g、布渣叶150~500g、黄牛茶90~160g、茯苓100~160g、佛手30~90g、甘松30~60g、水田七50~150g、当归80~160g、草豆蔻30~60g、薏苡仁100~300g、扁豆150~300g、鸡骨香60~300g、玉米须150~300g、白茅根100~300g、白芥子30~100g、东风橘250~500g、海浮石150~260g、昆布50~160g、百眼藤150~600g、赤芍40~100g、紫背金牛150~300g、红丝线250~500g。
一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枇杷叶100~140g、桑白皮100~140g、杏仁40~85g、白术40~140g、布渣叶170~420g、黄牛茶100~140g、茯苓120~140g、佛手30~100g、甘松40~50g、水田七60~130g、当归90~140g、草豆蔻40~50g、薏苡仁120~250g、扁豆170~250g、鸡骨香60~250g、玉米须170~250g、白茅根120~250g、白芥子40~85g、东风橘300~420g、海浮石170~230g、昆布60~140g、百眼藤170~520g、赤芍50~85g、紫背金牛170~250g、红丝线300~420g。
一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述“最佳方案”的药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枇杷叶120g、桑白皮120g、杏仁75g、白术120g、布渣叶360g、黄牛茶120g、茯苓120g、佛手85g、甘松45g、水田七110g、当归120g、草豆蔻45g、薏苡仁220g、扁豆220g、鸡骨香220g、玉米须220g、白茅根220g、白芥子75g、东风橘360g、海浮石200g、昆布120g、百眼藤440g、赤芍50~8575g、紫背金牛220g、红丝线360g。
一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤制备而成:
A、将上述原料中药拣去杂质、粉尘,及干燥后,按照质量份比共研为极细末待用;
B、按照传统制备中药散剂的方法,将研磨好的极细末药物过400目筛后,即得成品药粉。
一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述使用方法为:将制备好的成品药粉以每日二次服用,早、晚各服一次,给药量5~7g/次,饭后半小时温开水冲服,7天为一个疗程, 2~3个疗程即可痊愈。
本发明组方中的各原料中药在中国药典、中国辞典以及中华本草中均有详细的记载。本发明选用其中最常见的中药为原料,充分发挥各组分的药理功效:
枇杷叶,性味:苦、辛、寒、无毒,具有清肺止咳、和胃降逆,止渴之功效,用于治疗肺热痰嗽、阴虚劳嗽、咳血、衄血、胃热呕哕等症;
桑白皮,性味:甘、辛、性寒,具有泻肺平喘、利水消肿之功效,用于治疗肺热喘痰、水饮停肺、胀满喘急、水肿、脚气、小便不利等症;
杏仁,性味:苦、温,有毒,具有祛痰止咳、平喘、润肠、下气开痹之功效,用于治疗外感咳嗽、喘满、伤燥咳嗽、寒气奔豚、惊痫、胸痹、食滞脘痛、血崩、耳聋、疳肿胀、湿热淋证、疥疮、喉痹、肠燥便秘等症;
白术,性味:味苦、甘、性温,具有健脾益气、燥湿利水、止汗、安胎之功效,用于治疗脾气虚弱、神疲乏力、食少少腹胀、大便溏薄、水饮内停、小便不利、水肿、痰饮眩晕、温痹酸痛、气虚自汗、胎动不安等症;
布渣叶,性味:淡、微酸、平,具有清暑、消食、化痰之功效,用于治疗感冒、中暑、食滞、消化不良、腹泻等症;
黄牛茶,性味:甘淡、微苦、凉,具有清热解毒、化湿消滞、祛瘀消肿之功效,用于治疗感冒、中暑发热、泄泻、黄疸、跌打损伤、痈肿疮疖、嫩叶作清凉饮料、能解暑热烦渴等症;
茯苓,性味:甘、淡、平,具有渗湿利水、健脾和胃、宁心安神之功效,用于治疗小便不利、水肿胀满、痰饮咳逆、呕吐、脾虚食少、泄泻、心悸不安、失眠健忘、遗精白浊等症;
佛手,性味:辛、苦、酸、温,具有舒肝理气,和胃止痛之功效,用于治疗肝胃气滞、胸胁胀痛、胃脘痞满、食少呕吐等症;
甘松,性味:味辛、甘、性温,具有理气止痛、醒脾健胃之功效,用于治疗脘腹胀痛、不国民饮食、牙痛、脚气等症;
水田七,性味:苦、寒,有毒,具有清热解毒、散瘀消肿、理气止痛、截疟之功效,用于治疗咽喉肿痛、急性胃肠炎、泌尿道感染、牙痛、慢性胃炎、胃、十二指肠溃疡、风湿性关节炎、月经不调、疟疾、跌打损伤、外用治疮疡肿毒、外伤出血等症;
当归,性味:性温、味甘辛, 具有补血和血、调经止痛、润燥滑肠之功效,用于治疗血虚、面色萎黄、眩晕心悸、血虚、或兼有瘀滞的月经不调、经闭、痛经、虚寒性腹痛、冠心病心绞痛、风湿痹痛、跌打损伤等症;
草豆蔻,性味:味辛、性温,具有温中燥湿、行气健脾之功效,用于治疗寒湿阴滞脾胃之脘腹冷痛、痞满作胀、呕吐、泄泻、食谷不化、痰馀、脚气、阐疟、口臭等症;
薏苡仁,性味:甘、淡、微寒,具有利湿健脾、舒筋除痹、清热排脓之功效,用于治疗水肿、脚气、小便淋沥、湿温病、泄泻带下、风湿痹痛、筋脉拘挛、肺痈、肠痈、扁平疣等症;
扁豆,性味:甘、平,具有健脾和中、消暑化湿之功效,用于治疗暑湿吐泻、脾虚呕逆、食少久泄、水停消渴、赤白带下、小儿疳积等症;
鸡骨香,性味:苦、辛、温,具有行气止痛、祛风消肿、舒筋之功效,用于治疗风湿性关节痛、腰腿痛、胃痛、腹痛、疝痛、痛经、跌打肿痛等症;
玉米须,性味:味甘、淡、性平,具有利尿消肿、清肝利胆之功效,用于治疗水肿、小便淋沥、黄疸、胆囊炎、胆结石、高血压、糖尿病、乳汁不通等症;
白茅根,性味:甘、寒,具有凉血止血、清热生津、利尿通淋之功效,用于治疗血热出血、热病烦渴、胃热呕逆、肺热喘咳、小便淋沥涩痛、水肿、黄疸等症;
白芥子,性味:辛、温,具有化痰逐饮、散结消肿之功效,用于治疗咳喘痰多、胸满胁痛、肢体麻木、关节肿痛、湿痰流注、阴疽肿毒等症;
东风橘,性味:辛、苦,微温,具有祛风解表、化痰止咳、理气止痛之功效,用于治疗感冒、头痛、咳嗽、支气管炎、疟疾、胃痛、风湿性关节炎、腰腿疼等症;
海浮石,性味:咸、寒,具有清肺化痰、软坚散结之功效,用于治疗肺热咳嗽、痰稠色黄、咯血、支气管炎、淋巴结结核等症;
昆布,性味:咸、寒,无毒,具有消痰软坚、利水退肿之功效,用于治疗瘰疬、瘿瘤、噎膈、(疒颓)疝脚气水肿等症;
百眼藤,性味:甘、凉,具有清热解毒、散瘀止痛、和胃化湿之功效,用于治疗感冒咳嗽、百日咳、消化不良、湿疹、跌打损伤、腰肌劳损等症;
赤芍,性味:苦、微寒,具有清热凉血、活血祛瘀之功效,用于治疗温毒发斑、吐血衄血、肠风下血、目赤肿痛、痈肿疮疡、闭经、痛经、崩带淋浊、瘀滞胁痛、疝瘕积聚、跌扑损伤等症;
紫背金牛,性味:辛、甘,具有平祛痰止咳、散瘀、解毒之功效,用于治疗咳嗽、咯痰不爽、跌打损伤、月经不调、痈肿疮毒、毒蛇咬伤等症;
红丝线,性味:甘、淡、凉,具有清肺止咳、散瘀止血之功效,用于治疗肺结核咯血、肺炎、糖尿病,外用治跌打损伤肿痛等症。
本发明药物是基于中医对治疗痰湿型癥瘕的辨病与辨证相结合的原则,从药理作用及作用机制认为:就痰湿型癥瘕一证,本发明所提供的药物中的各原料中药药效共奏,对上述痰湿型癥瘕有很好的治疗效果。
具体实施方式
本发明就是针对上述痰湿型癥瘕的治疗而提出的一种中药配方,采用该配方制备的药物药效好,见效快,是一个标本兼治的中药组方,特别适合临床使用。下面结合本发明的具体实施方式作进一步详细的描述。
实施例1:
一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枇杷叶120g、桑白皮120g、杏仁75g、白术120g、布渣叶360g、黄牛茶120g、茯苓120g、佛手85g、甘松45g、水田七110g、当归120g、草豆蔻45g、薏苡仁220g、扁豆220g、鸡骨香220g、玉米须220g、白茅根220g、白芥子75g、东风橘360g、海浮石200g、昆布120g、百眼藤440g、赤芍50~8575g、紫背金牛220g、红丝线360g。
实施例2:
一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枇杷叶140g、桑白皮140g、杏仁85g、白术140g、布渣叶420g、黄牛茶140g、茯苓140g、佛手100g、甘松50g、水田七130g、当归140g、草豆蔻50g、薏苡仁250g、扁豆250g、鸡骨香250g、玉米须250g、白茅根250g、白芥子85g、东风橘420g、海浮石230g、昆布140g、百眼藤520g、赤芍85g、紫背金牛250g、红丝线420g。
实施例3:
一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枇杷叶160g、桑白皮160g、杏仁100g、白术160g、布渣叶500g、黄牛茶160g、茯苓160g、佛手90g、甘松60g、水田七150g、当归160g、草豆蔻60g、薏苡仁300g、扁豆300g、鸡骨香300g、玉米须300g、白茅根300g、白芥子100g、东风橘500g、海浮石260g、昆布160g、百眼藤600g、赤芍100g、紫背金牛300g、红丝线500g。
典型病例
经临床诊断治疗痰湿型癥瘕患者共635例,年龄为35岁以上的385例,只有250例为35岁以下。635例患者中痊愈的612例,显效的23例,总有效率达100%。

Claims (3)

1.一种用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枇杷叶90~160g、桑白皮90~160g、杏仁30~100g、白术30~160g、布渣叶150~500g、黄牛茶90~160g、茯苓100~160g、佛手30~90g、甘松30~60g、水田七50~150g、当归80~160g、草豆蔻30~60g、薏苡仁100~300g、扁豆150~300g、鸡骨香60~300g、玉米须150~300g、白茅根100~300g、白芥子30~100g、东风橘250~500g、海浮石150~260g、昆布50~160g、百眼藤150~600g、赤芍40~100g、紫背金牛150~300g、红丝线250~500g。
2.根据权利要求1所述的用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枇杷叶100~140g、桑白皮100~140g、杏仁40~85g、白术40~140g、布渣叶170~420g、黄牛茶100~140g、茯苓120~140g、佛手30~100g、甘松40~50g、水田七60~130g、当归90~140g、草豆蔻40~50g、薏苡仁120~250g、扁豆170~250g、鸡骨香60~250g、玉米须170~250g、白茅根120~250g、白芥子40~85g、东风橘300~420g、海浮石170~230g、昆布60~140g、百眼藤170~520g、赤芍50~85g、紫背金牛170~250g、红丝线300~420g。
3.根据权利要求1至2所述的用于治疗痰湿型癥瘕的散剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
枇杷叶120g、桑白皮120g、杏仁75g、白术120g、布渣叶360g、黄牛茶120g、茯苓120g、佛手85g、甘松45g、水田七110g、当归120g、草豆蔻45g、薏苡仁220g、扁豆220g、鸡骨香220g、玉米须220g、白茅根220g、白芥子75g、东风橘360g、海浮石200g、昆布120g、百眼藤440g、赤芍50~8575g、紫背金牛220g、红丝线360g。
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1452524A1 (ru) * 1985-10-28 1989-01-23 Харьковский Научно-Исследовательский Институт Охраны Здоровья Детей И Подростков Им.Н.К.Крупской Способ лечени синдрома склерополикистозных ичников у подростков
CN104056156A (zh) * 2014-06-30 2014-09-24 布焕景 一种治疗痰湿型癥瘕的中药组合物

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1452524A1 (ru) * 1985-10-28 1989-01-23 Харьковский Научно-Исследовательский Институт Охраны Здоровья Детей И Подростков Им.Н.К.Крупской Способ лечени синдрома склерополикистозных ичников у подростков
CN104056156A (zh) * 2014-06-30 2014-09-24 布焕景 一种治疗痰湿型癥瘕的中药组合物

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