CN106270672A - A kind of processing method of fiberglass part - Google Patents

A kind of processing method of fiberglass part Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106270672A
CN106270672A CN201610764106.8A CN201610764106A CN106270672A CN 106270672 A CN106270672 A CN 106270672A CN 201610764106 A CN201610764106 A CN 201610764106A CN 106270672 A CN106270672 A CN 106270672A
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China
Prior art keywords
processed
profile
sagging
roughing
processing
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CN201610764106.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106270672B (en
Inventor
陈海洋
黄小惠
胡家号
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湖北三江航天红阳机电有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C3/00Milling particular work; Special milling operations; Machines therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C2215/00Details of workpieces
    • B23C2215/04Aircraft components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C2226/00Materials of tools or workpieces not comprising a metal
    • B23C2226/27Composites, e.g. fibre reinforced composites

Abstract

The processing method that the invention discloses a kind of fiberglass part, at least includes: for demarcation line, R profile is divided into two parts symmetrical machining with the R profile center of part to be processed;Process sagging face, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion of described part Part I to be processed;Process the inclined-plane at the two ends of described part Part I to be processed;Process sagging face, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion of described part Part II to be processed;Process the inclined-plane at the two ends of described part Part II to be processed, it is desirable to the both ends of the surface of twice processing connect flat.For demarcation line, R profile is divided into two parts symmetrical machining with the R profile center of part to be processed, and ensure that the both ends of the surface of processing connect flat, the appropriate design processing method of fiberglass part, thus avoid fiberglass open circumferential different parts and occur slag, and then improve the processing effect of part.

Description

A kind of processing method of fiberglass part
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of part processing, the processing method particularly relating to a kind of fiberglass part.
Background technology
In recent years, along with the continuous progress of science and technology, material technology is developed rapidly.Fiberglass has quality Gently, relatively high specific strength, specific modulus, the feature such as anticorrosive, high temperature resistant, ablation resistance, it is as a kind of new engineering material, in boat The fields such as sky, space flight played an important role.
In the processing technique of current fiberglass part, relate generally to R profile, the conical surface of connecting portion, sink face and The processing on inclined-plane, two ends.Owing to glass-reinforced plastic material is more crisp, if processing method is unreasonable, will result in fiberglass open circumferential There is the generation of the situations such as slag in different parts, thus reduces processing effect.
Summary of the invention
The present invention, by the processing method providing a kind of fiberglass part, solves fiberglass open circumferential in prior art There is the technical problem of slag in different parts, it is achieved that improve the technique effect of processing effect.
The processing method that the invention provides a kind of fiberglass part, at least includes:
For demarcation line, R profile is divided into two parts symmetrical machining with the R profile center of part to be processed;
Process sagging face, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion of described part Part I to be processed;
Process the inclined-plane at the two ends of described part Part I to be processed;
Process sagging face, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion of described part Part II to be processed;
Process the inclined-plane at the two ends of described part Part II to be processed, it is desirable to the both ends of the surface of twice processing connect flat.
Further, for demarcation line, R profile is divided into two parts symmetry at the described R profile center with part to be processed to add Before work, rough mill the surface of described part to be processed.
Further, sagging face, R profile and the cone of connecting portion of the described part Part I to be processed of described processing Face, specifically includes:
The sagging face of part Part I to be processed described in roughing and R profile, made allowance;
The sagging face of part Part I to be processed, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion described in polish.
Further, the sagging face of part Part I to be processed described in described roughing and R profile, specifically include:
Sagging face and R profile to described part Part I to be processed carry out laddering roughing.
Further, the described sagging face to described part Part I to be processed and R profile carry out laddering roughing, Specifically include: utilize round nose milling cutter that sagging face and the R profile of described part Part I to be processed are carried out laddering roughing, And the speed of mainshaft of described round nose milling cutter is 600~800r/min, the amount of feeding is 250~350mm/r, the diameter of cutter and fillet A size of φ 20R0.
Further, the sagging face of part Part I to be processed, R profile and the cone of connecting portion described in described polish Face, specifically includes: by the rose cutter sagging face, R profile and the cone of connecting portion to described part Part I to be processed Face carries out polish.
Further, sagging face, R profile and the cone of connecting portion of the described part Part II to be processed of described processing Face, specifically includes:
By described part turn-over to be processed, position machined R profile with R profile milling folder and two ends technique chuck;
The sagging face of part Part II to be processed described in roughing and R profile, made allowance;
The sagging face of part Part II to be processed described in polish, it is ensured that gauge;
Pressure falls into face;
The R profile of part Part II to be processed described in polish and the conical surface of connecting portion.
Further, the sagging face of part Part II to be processed described in described roughing and R profile, specifically include: right Sagging face and the R profile of described part Part II to be processed carry out laddering roughing.
Further, the described sagging face to described part Part II to be processed and R profile carry out laddering roughing, Specifically include: by straight-tooth cutter, sagging face and the R profile of described part Part II to be processed are carried out laddering roughing, And described straight-tooth cutter cut the 50% of a width of described straight-tooth cutter diameter.
The one or more technical schemes provided in the present invention, at least have the following technical effect that or advantage:
With the R profile center of part to be processed for demarcation line, R profile is divided into two parts symmetrical machining, and ensures processing Both ends of the surface connect flat, the appropriate design processing method of fiberglass part, thus avoid fiberglass open circumferential different parts and go out Now fall slag, and then improve the processing effect of part.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The flow chart of the processing method of the fiberglass part that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
The embodiment of the present invention, by the processing method providing a kind of fiberglass part, solves fiberglass in prior art and opens There is the technical problem of slag in mouth periphery different parts, it is achieved that improve the technique effect of processing effect.
Technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is for solving above-mentioned technical problem, and general thought is as follows:
With the R profile center of part to be processed for demarcation line, R profile is divided into two parts symmetrical machining, and ensures processing Both ends of the surface connect flat, the appropriate design processing method of fiberglass part, thus avoid fiberglass open circumferential different parts and go out Now fall slag, and then improve the processing effect of part.
In order to be more fully understood that technique scheme, below in conjunction with Figure of description and specific embodiment to upper State technical scheme to be described in detail.
See Fig. 1, the processing method of the fiberglass part that the embodiment of the present invention provides, at least include:
Step S110: for demarcation line, R profile is divided into two parts symmetrical machining with the R profile center of part to be processed;
Step S120: process the sagging face of part Part I to be processed, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion;
In the present embodiment, by roughing and polish two step to the sagging face of part Part I to be processed, R type The conical surface of face and connecting portion is processed, and specifically includes:
The sagging face of roughing part to be processed Part I and R profile, made allowance;
Rough machined step is illustrated:
Sagging face and R profile to part Part I to be processed carry out laddering roughing.
In the present embodiment, utilize round nose milling cutter that sagging face and the R profile of part Part I to be processed are gone forward one by one Formula roughing, and the speed of mainshaft of round nose milling cutter is 600~800r/min, the amount of feeding is 250~350mm/r, the diameter of cutter With fillet a size of φ 20R0.
Sagging face, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion of polish part to be processed Part I.
The step of polish is illustrated:
By rose cutter, the conical surface of sagging face, R profile and the connecting portion of part Part I to be processed is carried out essence Processing.
Step S130: process the inclined-plane at the two ends of part Part I to be processed;
Step S140: process the sagging face of part Part II to be processed, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion;
This step is illustrated:
By part turn-over to be processed, position machined R profile with R profile milling folder and two ends technique chuck;
The sagging face of roughing part to be processed Part II and R profile, made allowance;
Rough machined step is illustrated:
Sagging face and R profile to part Part II to be processed carry out laddering roughing, made allowance.
In the present embodiment, by straight-tooth cutter, sagging face and the R profile of part Part II to be processed are gone forward one by one Formula roughing, and straight-tooth cutter cut the 50% of a width of straight-tooth cutter diameter.
The sagging face of polish part to be processed Part II, it is ensured that gauge;
Pressure falls into face;
The R profile of polish part to be processed Part II and the conical surface of connecting portion.
Step S150: process the inclined-plane at the two ends of part Part II to be processed, it is desirable to the both ends of the surface of twice processing connect flat.
Need exist for explanation, in order to improve the processing effect of the embodiment of the present invention, before step S110, rough mill and treat The surface of processing part.
The step being processed elongate strip glass-reinforced plastic material part by the embodiment of the present invention is as follows:
(1.1) rough mill and hexahedro see light, it is ensured that each the depth of parallelism, perpendicularity 0.1;
(1.2) R profile is divided into two parts symmetrical machining for demarcation line by the R profile center with part to be processed;
(1.3) roughing is sunk face and R profile, made allowance 0.5mm, distance part material side 5mm place time cutter, cutter fillet Selecting by 60%~75% scope of turning fillet, each cutting-in 1mm~2mm, rotating speed is 600~800r/min, and the amount of feeding is 250~350mm/r, the diameter of cutter and fillet a size of φ 20R0;
(1.4) polish is sunk face, and rotating speed is 600~800r/min, and the amount of feeding is 250~350mm/r, the diameter of cutter With fillet a size of φ 20R0;
(1.5) polish R profile and the conical surface of profile connecting portion, rotating speed is 2000~2500r/min, and the amount of feeding is 1000~1200mm/r, the diameter of cutter and fillet a size of: φ 8R4, arranging scallop-height is 0.003mm;
(1.6) processing the inclined-plane at two ends, first process the half of thickness direction, cutting-in is 1mm, and rotating speed is 600~800r/ Min, the amount of feeding is 250~350mm/r, the diameter of cutter and fillet a size of φ 20R0;
(1.7) turn-over, positions machined R profile with R profile milling folder and two ends technique chuck;
(1.8) roughing is sunk face and R profile, and made allowance 0.5mm, cutting-in 1mm, rotating speed is 600~800r/min, feeding Amount is 250~350mm/r.The diameter of cutter and fillet a size of φ 20R0, and straight-tooth cutter cut a width of straight-tooth cutter diameter 50%.
(1.9) polish is sunk face, it is ensured that gauge, and rotating speed is 600~800r/min, the amount of feeding be 250~ 350mm/r, the diameter of cutter and fillet a size of: φ 20R0;
(1.10) changing pressing plate, pressure falls into face, and second half R profile of polish and the conical surface of profile connecting portion, rotating speed is 2000~2500r/min, the amount of feeding is 250~350mm/r, the diameter of cutter and fillet a size of: φ 8R4;
(1.11) inclined-plane at processing two ends is to size, it is desirable to the both ends of the surface of twice processing connect flat, and rotating speed is 300~800r/ Min, the amount of feeding is 250~350mm/r, the diameter of cutter and fillet a size of: φ 20R0.
In the present embodiment, for the cap processing of fiberglass, it is proposed that use the processing of YG8 carbide tool, And tool specification and cutting data are shown in Table 1:
Tool specification in table 1 embodiment of the present invention and cutting data
[technique effect]
1, with the R profile center of part to be processed for demarcation line, R profile is divided into two parts symmetrical machining, and ensures processing Both ends of the surface connect flat, the appropriate design processing method of fiberglass part, thus avoid fiberglass open circumferential different parts There is slag, and then improve the processing effect of part.
2, before R profile being divided into two parts symmetrical machining with the R profile center of part to be processed for demarcation line, rough mill The surface of part to be processed, thus improve the processing effect of part.
3, divide roughing and polish that part is processed, it is achieved that the flexible control in the course of processing, thus improve The machining accuracy of part.
4, when carrying out roughing, carry out laddering roughing, and leave surplus, it is possible to better control over manufacturing procedure, Further increase the machining accuracy of part.
5, when being processed, select suitable milling cutter, and select corresponding operating parameter, it is achieved thereby that milling cutter with add Effective combination that work step is rapid, further improves the machining accuracy of part, thus improves the processing effect of part.
6, machined R profile is positioned by R profile milling folder and two ends technique chuck, it is to avoid because part is sent out adding man-hour The generation of the mismachining tolerance that life is trembleed and caused, further improves the machining accuracy of part.
The embodiment of the present invention have employed rational processing sequence, reasonable distribution process allowance, use simultaneously rational clamping, Localization method controls deflection, and is set the cutter in machining and cutting parameter, not only increases product cutter Life-span and working (machining) efficiency (working (machining) efficiency of part improves 1 times), but also improve the machining accuracy of part, thus improve The processing effect of part, and then improve product quality (part qualification rate has brought up to more than 95%), meet use demand.
Although preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, but those skilled in the art once know basic creation Property concept, then can make other change and amendment to these embodiments.So, claims are intended to be construed to include excellent Select embodiment and fall into all changes and the amendment of the scope of the invention.
Obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out various change and the modification essence without deviating from the present invention to the present invention God and scope.So, if these amendments of the present invention and modification belong to the scope of the claims in the present invention and equivalent technologies thereof Within, then the present invention is also intended to comprise these change and modification.

Claims (9)

1. the processing method of a fiberglass part, it is characterised in that at least include:
For demarcation line, R profile is divided into two parts symmetrical machining with the R profile center of part to be processed;
Process sagging face, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion of described part Part I to be processed;
Process the inclined-plane at the two ends of described part Part I to be processed;
Process sagging face, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion of described part Part II to be processed;
Process the inclined-plane at the two ends of described part Part II to be processed, it is desirable to the both ends of the surface of twice processing connect flat.
2. the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that at the described R profile center with part to be processed as demarcation line Before R profile is divided into two parts symmetrical machining, rough mill the surface of described part to be processed.
3. the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that sinking of the described part Part I to be processed of described processing Face, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion, specifically include:
The sagging face of part Part I to be processed described in roughing and R profile, made allowance;
The sagging face of part Part I to be processed, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion described in polish.
4. method as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that sinking of part Part I to be processed described in described roughing Face and R profile, specifically include:
Sagging face and R profile to described part Part I to be processed carry out laddering roughing.
5. method as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the described sagging face to described part Part I to be processed and R profile carries out laddering roughing, specifically includes: utilize round nose milling cutter to the sagging face of described part Part I to be processed and R profile carries out laddering roughing, and the speed of mainshaft of described round nose milling cutter is 600~800r/min, the amount of feeding be 250~ 350mm/r, the diameter of cutter and fillet a size of φ 20R0.
6. method as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that sinking of part Part I to be processed described in described polish Face, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion, specifically include: is sunk described part Part I to be processed by rose cutter The conical surface of face, R profile and connecting portion carries out polish.
7. the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that sinking of the described part Part II to be processed of described processing Face, R profile and the conical surface of connecting portion, specifically include:
By described part turn-over to be processed, position machined R profile with R profile milling folder and two ends technique chuck;
The sagging face of part Part II to be processed described in roughing and R profile, made allowance;
The sagging face of part Part II to be processed described in polish, it is ensured that gauge;
Pressure falls into face;
The R profile of part Part II to be processed described in polish and the conical surface of connecting portion.
8. method as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that sinking of part Part II to be processed described in described roughing Face and R profile, specifically include: sagging face and R profile to described part Part II to be processed carry out laddering roughing.
9. method as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that the described sagging face to described part Part II to be processed and R profile carries out laddering roughing, specifically includes: by straight-tooth cutter to the sagging face of described part Part II to be processed and R profile carries out laddering roughing, and described straight-tooth cutter cut the 50% of a width of described straight-tooth cutter diameter.
CN201610764106.8A 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 A kind of processing method of glass steel part Active CN106270672B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008183715A (en) * 2008-05-01 2008-08-14 Sumitomo Chemical Co Ltd Specular working method for end surface of workpiece and specular working device
JP2010076025A (en) * 2008-09-25 2010-04-08 National Institute Of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology Precision machining method of cutting blade of rotary multi-blade tool
CN104588682A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-05-06 湖北三江航天红阳机电有限公司 Turning method of long thin wall composite shell body formed by metal and glass fiber reinforced plastics
CN105149662A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-16 湖北三江航天红阳机电有限公司 Machining method for glass fiber reinforced plastic material conical circle shell parts
CN105382313A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-09 西安航天动力机械厂 Machining method for numerical control milling of thin-wall curved-surface irregular parts
CN105666841A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-06-15 湖北三江航天红阳机电有限公司 Cotton tape winding method for fiber reinforced plastic layer of special-shaped structure metal shell

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008183715A (en) * 2008-05-01 2008-08-14 Sumitomo Chemical Co Ltd Specular working method for end surface of workpiece and specular working device
JP2010076025A (en) * 2008-09-25 2010-04-08 National Institute Of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology Precision machining method of cutting blade of rotary multi-blade tool
CN104588682A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-05-06 湖北三江航天红阳机电有限公司 Turning method of long thin wall composite shell body formed by metal and glass fiber reinforced plastics
CN105149662A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-16 湖北三江航天红阳机电有限公司 Machining method for glass fiber reinforced plastic material conical circle shell parts
CN105382313A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-09 西安航天动力机械厂 Machining method for numerical control milling of thin-wall curved-surface irregular parts
CN105666841A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-06-15 湖北三江航天红阳机电有限公司 Cotton tape winding method for fiber reinforced plastic layer of special-shaped structure metal shell

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