CN106247522A - New wind air purification method and system - Google Patents

New wind air purification method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106247522A
CN106247522A CN201610600698.XA CN201610600698A CN106247522A CN 106247522 A CN106247522 A CN 106247522A CN 201610600698 A CN201610600698 A CN 201610600698A CN 106247522 A CN106247522 A CN 106247522A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
framework
electrode
wind
new wind
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610600698.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘慧根
Original Assignee
格林韦尔(北京)科技发展有限公司
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Priority to CN201610532121 priority Critical
Priority to CN201610532121X priority
Application filed by 格林韦尔(北京)科技发展有限公司 filed Critical 格林韦尔(北京)科技发展有限公司
Publication of CN106247522A publication Critical patent/CN106247522A/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/16Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by purification, e.g. by filtering; by sterilisation; by ozonisation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation
    • F24F7/04Ventilation with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation
    • F24F7/06Ventilation with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation with forced air circulation, e.g. by fan positioning of a ventilator in or against a conduit
    • F24F7/08Ventilation with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation with forced air circulation, e.g. by fan positioning of a ventilator in or against a conduit with separate ducts for supplied and exhausted air with provisions for reversal of the input and output systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/0001Control or safety arrangements for ventilation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/08Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates
    • F24F13/10Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/24Means for preventing or suppressing noise
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation
    • F24F7/007Ventilation with forced flow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/15Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means
    • F24F8/158Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means using active carbon
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/192Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by electrical means, e.g. by applying electrostatic fields or high voltages
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/20Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation
    • F24F8/24Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using sterilising media
    • F24F8/26Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using sterilising media using ozone
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/30Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by ionisation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/0001Control or safety arrangements for ventilation
    • F24F2011/0002Control or safety arrangements for ventilation for admittance of outside air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/24Means for preventing or suppressing noise
    • F24F2013/247Active noise-suppression
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

The present invention " new wind air purification method and system ", belongs to indoor environment purification techniques, it is characterised in that described system includes housing, described housing is provided with air inlet and air outlet, and described air inlet is for the introducing of outdoor air;The first air handling assemblies and the second air handling assemblies it is provided with in described housing, described first air handling assemblies includes driven fan, second air handling assemblies includes cleaning the repeatedly used dust arrester that after-purification performance does not declines, also including that air quantity regulates parts, the wind speed range of the wind that described air quantity regulation parts make air outlet export for the rotating speed controlling driven fan is 0.3 5m/s and guarantees the purification efficiency of described dust arrester up to: PM2.5 primary purification efficiency is 80 99.9%;Also include at least one of which primary filter screen.

Description

New wind air purification method and system
Technical field
The present invention relates to indoor environment purification techniques, particularly new wind air purification method and system.
Background technology
Currently, China's State of Air pollution is extremely serious, and outdoor air pollution is mainly rendered as coal smoke and automobile pollution Feature.In city atmospheric environment, TSP concentration generally exceeds standard;Sulfur dioxide pollution is maintained at higher level;Motor vehicles Exhaust pollutant total emission volumn increases sharply;Nitrogen oxides pollution is in increasing the weight of trend;According to statistics, within 2013, new standard monitoring is pressed In 74 city PM2.5 rankings, the average annual concentration of air PM2.5 in the city close to 92% does not reaches national standard, wherein 32 The average annual concentration of PM2.5 in city is more than 2 times of national standard, and ranks the average annual concentration of city PM2.5 of top ten list almost More than 3 times of national standard, and the serious haze that Recent Years in Beijing often occurs winter, reach the degree of quick-fried table.
Room air pollution is even more serious, and it pollutes and not only only has from outdoor PM2.5 particulate matter, owing to space is relative Narrow and small, ventilation condition limited (during outdoor pollution, winter be unsuitable for ventilating), cause pollutant to be concentrated, various, profoundly damage Healthy and the quality of life of people.In room air, harmful substance main source has cooking fume carcinogen, and sensitization is micro- Biological such as dust mite, mycete, pathogen, the ozone of the electrical equipment generation such as copy machine, cleaner unit;The high concentration produced in the case of closing window Carbon dioxide;The formaldehyde discharged in the radioactive substance of effusion, insulation material in construction material;Furniture release formaldehyde, go out Benzene,toluene,xylene, CS2, chloroform, trichloro ethylene, chlorobenzene etc. not under over one hundred kind.Most of work of most people every day Make, live, move, learn all to carry out in indoor, along with producing and the more modernization of life style, more work and entertainment Sports all can be carried out in indoor, and shopping also need not be gone into the street every day, and the most indoor microclimate makes people often to arrive Open air is gone to regulate heat effect, and so, the indoor activity time of people is the most more, and even as high as more than 93%.Room air pollution Increasingly endangering the health of people, induction respiratory system disease, disease of immune system, hepatopathy, endocrine disturbance, children's intelligence are sent out It is slow etc. to open up.
Due to the improvement that outside atmosphere is polluted, it is long-term and difficult task, needs the effort of the whole society, government master Lead, and purifying room air is feasible method, existing indoor air purification means, can be divided into employing room air Depurator or two kinds of approach of VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System), but use and all there are some problems, have much room for improvement.
For air purifier, the performance of its defect is as follows: (1), without indoor, outdoor ventilation ventilatory, is to room The cycle that carries out interior air repeats to filter, and removes indoor PM2.5 suspended particulate substance pollution effects preferable, but cannot solve indoor dioxy Change the problem that carbon exceeds standard and oxygen content is low;(2) indoor toxic and harmful effect is removed extremely limited, the charcoal absorption that it is taked Can only be effective to some gas with the method for photolysis, to tens kinds of indoor existence, even hundreds of toxic and harmful be Cannot remove.Moreover the effect removing some gas fails also as the increase of the time of use, even loses efficacy;(3) work Room air is simply filtered by pattern repeatedly, and the dust containing capacity of its filter screen is very limited, if outdoor air is filtered, its Filter screen quickly blocks inefficacy;Needing to change filter screen, use cost is high;(4) an existing air purifier filterability to PM2.5 Relatively low, typically at 30%-80%, it be by room air is filtered repeatedly just realize higher proportion purify;And new wind air Clearing machine is not owing to being circulating filtration pattern, therefore it is required that a filterability height to PM2.5, its filterability up to arrives 80% 99% (5) existing air purifiers cannot change the problem that airtight indoor oxygen content is not enough;(6) existing air is clean Change device and cannot change the problem that airtight indoor carbon dioxide content is higher and removes various toxic and harmful;(7) existing sky Gas purifier cannot bear the bad air such as outdoor low temperature, Gao Chen, high humidity;(8) existing air purifier housing construction, air channel and Air inlet/outlet structure, the composition of filter screen, automatically controlled mode, material select, install and use mode etc. and all cannot meet Leads to new breeze room Requirement that is interior and that purified.
Central type VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) can solve to be taken a breath in indoor and the air entered is carried out a certain degree of only Change function, but still have following defect: (1) needs open multiple wall-through hole in indoor and arrange ventilation shaft, and system is installed multiple Miscellaneous, installation cost height;(2) indoor layout ventilation shaft and blower fan, need furred ceiling, takies the chamber height space of preciousness;(3) by Being arranged in above furred ceiling in ventilation shaft, renovated room cannot be mounted directly this system, otherwise affects attractive in appearance;(4) should The air channel of system is encased by furred ceiling and finishing material, causes the cleaning of ducting system later stage, maintenance the most inconvenient, even cannot clean dimension Protect;(5) due to air duct cleaning difficulty, easily room air is caused secondary pollution, such as when the north of china in winter temperature difference is bigger, new wind Pipeline easily condenses and drips, and easy breed bacteria in destroying house ornamentation, and the pipeline of humidity, these antibacterials flow to room along with air In.;(6) current, it is the most acceptable that office building and hotel central hollow formula VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) install initial stage noise, runs noise after 1-2 Universal relatively big, be therefore not suitable for household bedroom and use;(7) energy consumption is higher;(8) its filtering material needs irregular dimension Protecting, change, user needs to pay the artificial and material cost of bigger replacing filter material.It will thus be seen that central type VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) Equipment manufacturing cost is high, installation difficulty is big, mounting cost is high, clean and maintenance costly, energy consumption is high, change filter material costly, noise is big, Unavoidably there is secondary pollution.
The invention 201420621707.X " the new blower fan of integral type electrostatic precipitation " of inventor's early stage application and 201320700098.2 " high-tension electricity dedusting aeration devices " disclose one can be to the new wind of indoor feeding and promote indoor from moving Wind, the new blower fan that need not replacing drainage screen, can install on the wall of suspension, be characterized in including shell, driven fan, air intake Pipeline and electrostatic precipitation combination unit;Described driven fan and described electrostatic precipitation combination unit are arranged in described shell;Institute State intake stack to be arranged on outside described shell, and connect in described shell;It is provided with gas outlet, for by institute on described shell State new wind that driven fan utilizes above-mentioned intake stack to be extracted into from wall through electrostatic precipitation combination unit dedusting laggard enter indoor.And And electrostatic precipitation combination unit also optimal design-aside has primary efficient filter screen, ionization type high efficiency electrostatic filter screen filtration device and ozone to filter The assemblies such as device.The wind of entrance housing first passes through ionization makes micronic dust in air electrically charged, subsequently enters electrostatic precipitation district, the most charged The microgranule of lotus includes that PM2.5 is attracted on collecting plate, and the air through electrostatic precipitation is discharged into indoor thus realizes certain journey The purification of degree.
Although the open new blower fan device that need not change filter screen that provides of both of the aforesaid patent of invention, but disclose such as What improves new blower fan disposably purifies the problem of percent of pass, for new blower fan, due to can not circulating filtration air, so its The most disposable percent of pass that purifies of disposable filtering efficiency to PM2.5 is the key index weighing clean-up effect.
Summary of the invention
Defect that the present invention exists based on above-mentioned field and demand, it is provided that one can be to the new wind of indoor feeding and promote room It is interior that oneself moves wind, PM2.5 primary purification percent of pass is high, purifying and dedusting is effective, convenient for installation and maintenance, without changing filter screen, making With low cost, the air purification method of reliable in quality, system and equipment.
Technical scheme is as follows:
Integral type new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that include housing, the first air handling assemblies and the second air Process assembly;Being provided with air inlet and air outlet on described housing, described air inlet is for the introducing of outdoor air;Described housing In described first air handling assemblies and the second air handling assemblies can be set;
Described first air handling assemblies includes driven fan, and the second air handling assemblies includes cleaning after-purification performance not The repeatedly used dust arrester declined, it is electrically charged and lead to that described dust arrester is used for flowing through particulate in air therein Cross electric field electrically charged particulate matter is adsorbed;
Described driven fan removes in outdoor air is incorporated into described housing via described air inlet and described in inflow It is discharged into indoor through described air outlet again after dirt device;
Also air quantity regulation parts, described air quantity regulation parts are for controlling the rotating speed of driven fan;Described air quantity regulation portion Part is provided with multiple gear, and the range of speeds of the driven fan that the plurality of gear controls makes the wind speed of the wind that air outlet exports Scope is 0.3-5m/s, and the wind speed of this scope is in order to slowly to discharge room air and to guarantee that the purification efficiency of described dust arrester is high Reach: PM2.5 primary purification efficiency is 80-99.9%;
Also include at least one of which primary filter screen, after its installation site makes outdoor air must first pass through described primary filter screen Enter back into described housing, described driven fan and/or described dust arrester;
Described purifying property does not decline and refers to that primary purification efficiency does not reduces, and dust containing capacity does not declines, and windage does not increases.
Integral type of the present invention new wind air cleaning system, processed before air enters indoor, and to indoor, offer is clean The air changed.New blower fan is different from the pattern that air is purified by indoor air cleaner repeatedly, and new blower fan is for the sky entered Gas for once clearing machine meeting, it is desirable, therefore, to assure that be capable of higher PM2.5 primary purification efficiency just have using value.
The integral type new wind air cleaning system of the present invention, air handling assemblies includes cleaning what after-purification performance did not declined Repeatedly used dust arrester, it is electrically charged and pass through electric field that described dust arrester is used for flowing through particulate in air therein Adsorb electrically charged particulate matter, i.e. dust-cleaning principle is ionization dedusting, and some detailed description of the invention of this dust-cleaning principle are being sent out In patent 201420621707.X " the new blower fan of integral type electrostatic precipitation " and 201320700098.2 before a person of good sense public Opening, those skilled in the art can adjust the parameter of described dust arrester can will flow through particulate in air band therein Electrically charged particulate matter is also adsorbed by electric field thus reaches the purpose of air cleaning by electric charge.
Although inventor is in practice, it has been found that can make particulate in air 100% electrically charged thus adsorb, but purify Effect additionally depends on the air velocity flowing through in device, namely driven fan rotating speed.Experimental result shows, when output wind speed control System is in the range of 0.3-5 meter per second, and the wind speed of this scope is so that the purification efficiency of described dust arrester reaches: PM2.5 is once Purification efficiency is 80-99.9% (as exemplified in table 1).Wind speed and PM2.5 primary purification efficiency present linear negative dependency relation.
In the system of the present invention, arranging air quantity regulation parts, the range of accommodation of air quantity regulation parts is corresponding at air outlet Air output speed scope 0.3-5 meter per second.The driven fan of this wind speed is on the one hand for being drawn into indoor by outdoor air, real Now new wind and room air form applicable pressure-fired, and this micro-seamless being suitable for makes the new wind of purification can be by foul indoor air It is discharged to outdoor, it is achieved indoor and outdoor actively changes wind, poisonous and hazardous for indoor air inferior is passed through outside the extruder chambers such as door and window gap, Reducing indoor carbon dioxide content simultaneously, increase indoor oxygen content, the new wind of pressure-fired also ensures that the contaminated air of outdoor not Enter indoor.Plus using ionization dust arrester, the noise that the wind speed of this scope produces because of windage can be ignored substantially, existing sky The noise pollution defect of gas purifier maximum is also readily solved.
First primary filter screen for filtering out the pollutant such as foreign material such as Semen Salicis babylonicae cum pilus, blade of large volume.Primary filter screen is permissible It is arranged in described housing, and/or is arranged on outside housing, such as, be arranged in intake stack through walls, described intake stack It is connected with described air inlet.
Still further aspect, compared with existing general room air purifier, the new blower fan system of the present invention does not relies on Purify this index of air capacity i.e. CADR in unit interval, therefore need not driven fan and run up, with tradition room air Depurator research and development standard is different with direction.Existing indoor enter indoor in order to avoid outdoor contaminated air, need during air pollution Closing the doors and windows to carrying out indoor purifying, therefore the unit interval produces the volume CADR of pure air(2)It is to weigh indoor air purification One most important index of device, next to that CCM(3), refer to pollutant purification ability and the service life of filter screen.CADR value is the highest, Illustrate that purifying property is the best.In up-to-date air purifier GB (GB/T18801-2015) mainly to CADR, CCM, noise and Four aspects of efficiency propose standard.Owing to CADR is the highest, inevitable requirement machine fan inside improves rotating speed, and noise rises the most therewith High.So the R&D direction of indoor air cleaner is all how to reach higher CADR value, CCM value, high purification efficiency at present And low noise.And the present invention is to purify the air that outdoor entrance is indoor, form pressure-fired by controlled wind speed, by room Interior air air pollution is discharged, and is to replace room air, and user can open machine for a long time, makes pure air in a steady stream Constantly flow into indoor constantly to be discharged by foul indoor air, after full room to be discharged air pollution, indoor air purification degree Consistent with air outlet clean air, therefore, purify this index of air capacity i.e. CADR in not relying on the unit interval, be the most therefore not required to Driven fan is wanted to run up, different from tradition indoor air cleaner research and development standard and direction.
In terms of CCM value, the present invention is repeatedly used ionization dust arrester after using cleaning, consumptive material class filter screen Service life does not has comparability therewith, in terms of purifying property, prior art has had can realize high purification efficiency can The dust arrester that cleaning and purifying property do not reduce, in this as alternative of the present invention.Main filter Reusability capable of washing, Free of replacement, every consumptive material expense that can save expense about 1500-2000 unit every year.
Described air cleaning system, it is characterised in that also include intelligent automatic control assembly, intelligent control function bag Include: air cleaning degree or accept remote control signal in sensing chamber, and then control described integral type new wind air cleaning system System is opened, is closed, the operation time, air quantity regulation stall machine gear and/or pattern.
As it has been described above, the advantage of the VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) of the present invention be can, low energy consumption little with inletting fresh air, noise, without changing filter Net, primary purification percent of pass is high, and owing to mode of operation is to discharge foul indoor air by clean air, pure air total amount is i.e. CADR value does not has comparability with the CADR index of indoor air cleaner in terms of purification speed.In order to user flexibility controls this it is System, the present invention arranges intelligent automatic control assembly the most in systems, can be with air cleaning degree or acceptance in sensing chamber Remote control signal, so control described integral type new wind air cleaning system open, close, operation time and/or pattern.? The when that air pollution being serious, can open in advance or long-time open system, release continuously purifies air and discharges Air pollution, and do not worry indoor anoxia gas.
Described air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: the range of speeds of the driven fan that the plurality of gear controls makes The wind speed of wind of air outlet output is between following any number, or any two numerical value: 4.9m/s, 4.8m/s, 4.7m/s, 4.6m/s、4.5m/s、4.4m/s、4.3m/s、4.2m/s、4.1m/s、4.0m/s、3.9m/s、3.8m/s、3.7m/s、3.6m/s、 3.5m/s、3.4m/s、3.3m/s、3.2m/s、3.1m/s、3.0m/s、2.9m/s、2.8m/s、2.7m/s、2.6m/s、2.5m/s、 2.4m/s、2.3m/s、2.2m/s、2.1m/s、2.0m/s、1.9m/s、1.8m/s、1.7m/s、1.6m/s、1.5m/s、1.4m/s、 1.3m/s、1.2m/s、1.1m/s、1.0m/s、0.9m/s、0.8m/s、0.7m/s、0.6m/s、0.5m/s、0.4m/s、0.3m/s。
Any of the above-described described new wind air cleaning system, described dust arrester refers to high efficiency electrostatic dust removal filter, described High efficiency electrostatic dust removal filter includes at least one ionized region and at least one electrostatic precipitation being arranged in inlet air flow path District;Described ionized region is electrically charged for the airborne particles thing flowed through, and described electrostatic precipitation district is used for adsorbing static electrification lotus Particulate matter.
Use electrostatic precipitation filter, while ensureing purifying rate, can effectively reduce windage and energy consumption.Experiment test number According to display, noise is greatly reduced, thus fan energy consumption is greatly reduced.
Described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that:
In described high efficiency electrostatic dedusting filter, described ionized region number is X, and electrostatic precipitation district number Y, X and Y is for being more than Or equal to 1 integer, described ionized region and electrostatic precipitation district in inlet air flow path according to " N1Individual ionized region-M1Individual electrostatic Accumulation area-N2Individual ionized region-M2Individual electrostatic precipitation district ... NnIndividual ionized region-MmIndividual electrostatic precipitation district " mode arrange, wherein N1、N2。。。NnIt is all integer and less than or equal to X, and N1+N2+…Nn=X, wherein M1、M2。。。MmIt is all integer and less than or equal to Y, And M1+M2+…Mm=Y.
Described ionized region and described electro-static precipitation district are preferably set to Combined detachable formula and install by the present invention, Ke Yigen Increase according to needing to realize dust arrester length (air channel) on air-flow direction by stacked system.On the other hand, ability Field technique personnel know, in order to realize preferably ionizing and dustproof function, and described ionized region and described electro-static precipitation district Endothelium corneum Belonging to the air channel formed between plate will not be the widest, uses the mode of multiple-layer stacked, is conducive to cleaning and the dimension carrying out dust arrester Protect.The mode of this increase Dustproof air flue, will not increase windage and energy consumption.And the indoor air cleaner needs that this area is conventional By increasing the filter number of plies or density, in order to improve purification, it is generally difficult to noise and the energy consumption avoiding raising.
Described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: described electrostatic precipitation district length on air-flow direction Degree sum is at least 1cm;Or the length sum that described electrostatic precipitation district is on air-flow direction is 1-200cm.
According to using the size purifying area, and the demand of wind velocity, the length of flexible configuration electrostatic precipitation can be changed. When in order to take into account the clean-up effect in the case of Wind Volume, longer electrostatic precipitation district can be configured.
Described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that:
The structure of described ionized region is electrode wire form ionized region or electrode pin type ionized region;Including framework, its at least bottom It is that opening is penetrating with top, can be arranged in contact in described housing with inner walls, and beneficially air is from described Bottom flows into and flows out from top;
Described electrode wire form ionized region, including described framework, multiple wire electrode, multiple battery lead plate;Described wire electrode and institute Stating battery lead plate to be disposed in described framework, the plurality of battery lead plate is adjacent to be parallel to each other and be arranged on described with having spacing In framework, the distance having between adjacent electrode plates forms air channel, and described air channel is conducive to air to flow into air channel bottom framework And flow out through described top;Described wire electrode and described battery lead plate are parallel to each other and have distance;Adjacent wire electrode and electrode The indirect Different electrodes of plate;
Described electrode pin type ionized region, including described framework, wind deflector, sparking electrode pin, electrode suppor;Described wind deflector It is arranged at the bottom of described framework, is provided with through hole for importing air;The top of described framework is provided with electrode suppor, described electricity Pole support is used for fixing described sparking electrode pin, and the placement position of described electrode suppor makes the sparking electrode pin being fixed thereon With the described through hole energy one_to_one corresponding on wind deflector;Described wind deflector and sparking electrode pin connect positive and negative electrode respectively.Such as Fig. 3 institute Showing, air flows to sparking electrode pin through the through hole of wind deflector, and sparking electrode makes particulate matter ionization electrically charged for atmospherical discharges.
Described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: the material of described wire electrode is tungsten filament, and its diameter exists Between 0.1mm to 5mm;And/or
A diameter of 1mm to 20mm of described sparking electrode pin;And/or described sparking electrode pin is just in described through hole The heart, and be 10mm-100mm apart from the center of through hole.
These parameters are arranged so that the purification efficiency of the microgranule that PM2.5 is the least is up to more than 95%.
Any of the above-described described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: the structure in described electrostatic precipitation district is metal Plate type electrostatic accumulation area or electret-type electrostatic precipitation district, including framework, its at least bottom and top is that opening is penetrating, permissible It is arranged in contact in described housing with inner walls, and beneficially air flows into from described bottom and flows out from top;
Described metal plate type electrostatic precipitation district, including framework, polylith metal collecting plate, top and the bottom of described framework are Opening is penetrating, and described polylith metal collecting plate is parallel and is arranged on having spacing in described framework;Adjacent described metal Spacing between collecting plate forms air channel, and the favourable air in described air channel flows into air channel the opening through described top bottom framework Flowing out, described metal collecting plate interval adjacent during work connects both positive and negative polarity;
Described electret-type accumulation area, including framework, electret, metal electrode board;Multiple described metal electrode boards have Being fixed on to spacing in described framework, adjacent described metal electrode board connects from different electrodes;Between metal electrode board Space is used for arranging electret, is provided with fresh air channel in described electret, and the direction air of described fresh air channel is from the bottom of framework Portion flows into described fresh air channel and the opening through described top flows out.
Described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: there is the fin protruded inwardly from described fresh air channel, in order to Increase internal surface area;And/or in described electret-type accumulation area, the spacing range between described metal electrode board is: 1mm is extremely 50mm, or 1-4mm.
Described air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: the plate face of described metal collecting plate is flat board or corrugated.Ripple Shape is more beneficial to the air stream flowed through is changed into turbulent flow, to improve the collision time of electrically charged particulate matter and described metal collecting plate Number, improves efficiency of dust collection further.
Described air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: the backboard of described metal collecting plate and described housing or side plate in 0-20 degree angle is obliquely installed, and is beneficial to mode of intercepting and capturing and collects electrically charged particulate matter.Be conducive to most of electrically charged particulate matter Collision with described metal collecting plate is also adsorbed, thus improves efficiency of dust collection further.
Described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: the spacing between described metal collecting plate be 1mm extremely 50mm.This parameter coordinates with accumulation area length, it is achieved the highest primary purification efficiency.
Described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: the operating voltage range that described ionized region is suitable for is DC2000V to DC10000V;The operating voltage range that described electrostatic precipitation district is suitable for is DC3000V to DV20000V;Or
The operating voltage range that described ionized region is suitable for is DC3000V to DC9000V;The work that described electrostatic precipitation district is suitable for It is DC3000V to DV6000V as voltage range, or 3500V to DV4000V.
Suitably voltage guarantees that all particulates is electrically charged at ionized region, and is adsorbed by accumulation area, will not put simultaneously Electricity, it is preferred to use produce height and force down the Power Supply fittings of stream.
Arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: also include the 3rd air handling assemblies, at ozone Reason unit.
The new wind air cleaning system of the present invention, in the case of there was dampness in the air, and ionization voltage is slightly higher, can produce one Quantitative ozone, after testing, less than national standard 100ppb.But it is in order to improve the safety in utilization of this system further, excellent Choosing increases deodorization oxygen processing unit.
Described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that described ozone processing unit includes for catalytic decomposition The metal oxide catalyst of deodorization oxygen and the carrier of described catalyst.
Described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that described metal-oxide refer to titanium, silver, copper, manganese, ferrum and/or The oxide of cobalt;Or the composite oxides of combination in any between titanium, silver, copper, manganese, ferrum and/or cobalt;And/or described carrier is honeybee Nest shape pottery, honeycomb metal, activated carbon.
Described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: described heating unit uses PTC-ceramic to be heating material.
Any of the above-described described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that also include the 5th air handling assemblies, be negative Oxonium ion generator;Preferably, negative oxygen ion generator electric power output voltage is-5000V to-40000V;Further preferably, The negative ion emission head number of anion generator is 1-8.For providing anion to air, improve air after purifying further Quality.
Arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: described driven fan is that noise is not higher than 45 decibels Blower fan.
Existing indoor air cleaner is typically all, due to filter type, the drainage screen that windage is bigger, and is anti-in indoor Multiple purification, it is impossible to both low noise and high purification efficiency, wants to purify as early as possible, it is necessary to open top grade, but noise is the biggest. The new wind air purifier of the present invention, is not to purify air in indoor circulation, is to the cleaned air of indoor release, and passes through Foul indoor air is actively discharged by the pressure-fired formed from the gap such as crack between a door and its frame, window, and therefore, wind speed need not the highest, needs When to be purified, can to indoor release new wind thus indoor air purification with continuous service.Add the purification side of employing Formula is Electrostatic Absorption mode, and almost without windage, therefore, except driven fan, remaining component is nearly free from noise.
Owing to windage is little, energy consumption is little, and the new wind air cleaning system of the present invention can use direct current generator, it is achieved low-power High purification percent of pass under state, also makes air outlet noise be not higher than new 45 decibels, greatly optimizes the use of depurator Performance.And the output of the most existing indoor air cleaner 20-50W, significantly reduce energy consumption, it is achieved energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Any of the above-described described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: the supporting part of indoor set and wind wheel use The material of low temperature resistant to Celsius-30 degree;Preferably employ modified ABS plastics, nylon.
Any of the above-described described new wind air cleaning system, described housing is set to module drawer-type structure, each drawer Control at least one the described assembly in housing accordingly, make described assembly to be drawn out of, change, keep in repair or reduction is installed. It is conveniently adjusted the use number in ionized region and electrostatic precipitation district, keeps in repair, maintain each assembly.
Any of the above-described described new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that: described ionized region and the number in electrostatic precipitation district Amount scalable is beneficial to according to using demand independent assortment to install and regulation.
Any of the above-described described air cleaning system, it is characterised in that described air inlet is arranged on the rear wall of described housing Bottom, described air outlet is arranged on the top of described housing, to form the described air from housing rear bottom to housing upper Flow path.
To sum up, the new wind air purifier that the present invention provides, use ionization dedusting technology to combine mechanical type low efficient filter Mode achieve Different Size Fractions thing intercepted, the air making entrance indoor reaches this system of cleanliness factor and is different from existing indoor Air purifier, also different from the existing VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) needing to install long pipe road.Be outdoor new wind is carried out filtration, purification, Upgrading sends into indoor after processing, and makes indoor formation pressure-fired, and clean pressure-fired new wind air is by indoor poisonous and hazardous poor quality Outside air is by extruder chambers such as door and window gaps, reduces indoor carbon dioxide content simultaneously, increase indoor oxygen content.Pressure-fired is new Wind also ensures that the contaminated air of outdoor does not enter indoor and being suitable for and carries out outdoor high concentration PM2.5 air lasting, high Effect is once by the filtration of purifying rate.The process of ionization dedusting also achieves sterilizing simultaneously, by controlling voltage, ionized region Parameter, make ionization process is precisely controlled new wind O3 concentration within 80ppb, make O3 play the clean of " natural air cleanser " Change air effect, the O3 of this concentration can various toxin in oxidation Decomposition room air, purify air and suppress antibacterial and disease Procreation propagated by poison, without human body is produced injury.
The electrostatic high efficiency particulate air filter using low windage replaces existing HEPA filter screen high efficiency particulate air filter, and windage is greatly decreased, Power consumption is greatly reduced, and general domestic need about 10W.
Electrostatic high efficiency particulate air filter is capable of washing to be reused, it is not necessary to changing consumptive material, separate unit can be client's year to save cost of use 1000-2000 unit, significantly reduces customer using cost.
Electrostatic high efficiency particulate air filter windage is little, in conjunction with direct current generator, big wind wheel, the quiet design in air channel etc. of optimization, real Existing quiet operation.
Integrated level is high and easy for installation: this machine is easy for installation, has both been suitable for in-wall mounting, also is adapted for console model and installs. Different from split type central authorities VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System), this invention is by driven fan, filter, automatically controlled, inlet and outlet, ventilation shaft, through walls All module component is integrated for assemblies etc., combine.This scheme of the invention wind facies new with central type ratio, system advanced design, knot Structure is compact, without arrange indoor complicated pipeline, take up room little, total price is low and installation cost is low, the room fitted up also Can install.
Maintaining is convenient: machine body primary filter element uses modular organization, without complicated pipeline, cleans, ties up Repair, easy maintenance, and expense is relatively low.
Use low temperature material making machine force structure, it is achieved machine is low temperature resistant reaches 30 degree.
Infrared remote control, is suitable for old man, child and handicapped personage and controls, uses.
APP remotely controls, and the applicable modern times are familiar with network, mobile phone personage controls to use.
On the whole, the new wind air cleaning system of the present invention and existing indoor air cleaner and central type new wind system System has essence different, and it thoroughly solves suspended particles in room thing and pollutes and various gaseous contaminations, thoroughly solves north of china in winter indoor The problem of anoxia, is substantially improved IAQ (indoor air quality).Can avoid windowing the outdoor air pollution brought, the outdoor noise pollution of ventilating And the worry such as mosquito injury, make people enjoy the peace and quiet as in forest, fresh air at home.Take into account offer new Wind, high purification percent of pass, low energy consumption, the function of low noise.
Term is explained or definition:
PM2.5 primary purification rate: before referring to that air once flows through the PM2.5 value after air cleaning facility and processes The minimizing ratio that PM2.5 value is compared.Such as outdoor air PM2.5 is 500, in air-out after the cleaning system of the present invention processes The air PM2.5 detected at Kou is 25, then primary purification percent of pass is then (500-25)/500=0.95, i.e. 95%.
CADR: according to the GB " GB/T18801-2015 " of the indoor air cleaner that on March 1st, 2016 performs, define: After CADR refers to that the unit interval filtered by depurator, the pure air total amount of output, unit is m3/ h, comprises particulate matter CADR With formaldehyde CADR.
CCM: new national standard defines: when CADR value decays to 50%, the gross weight of accumulation purifying contaminated thing (particulate matter or formaldehyde) Amount, unit is mg.CCM represents pollutant purification ability, and only CADR mono-is high is not meant to that air purifier is effective, only When CCM is the highest, just can prove that this air purifier not only purification efficiency is fast, and detergent power is also strong, filter screen makes The longest with the life-span.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1. the present invention new wind air cleaning system general structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2. the present invention new wind air cleaning system is provided with the schematic diagram of intelligent automatic control assembly;
Fig. 3. the present invention new wind air cleaning system a class embodiment in use high efficiency electrostatic dedusting filter in electricity Multiple combination mode from district and electrostatic precipitation district;
Fig. 4. the electrode wire form ionized region structural representation used in the present invention new wind air cleaning system;
Fig. 5. the electrode pin type ionized region structural representation used in the present invention new wind air cleaning system;
Fig. 6. the metal plate type electrostatic precipitation plot structure schematic diagram used in the present invention new wind air cleaning system;
Fig. 7. the electret-type electrostatic precipitation district end face schematic cross-section used in the present invention new wind air cleaning system;
Fig. 8. the electret-type electrostatic precipitation district end face schematic cross-section used in the present invention new wind air cleaning system;
Fig. 9. the present invention new wind air cleaning system, including ozone processing unit, heating unit, negative oxygen ion generator Structural representation;
Figure 10. in the present invention new wind air cleaning system, housing is set to the schematic diagram of module drawer-type structure;
Figure 11. during a length of 10cm-50cm in accumulation area, the graph of a relation between purification efficiency and wind speed;
Wherein: 1-housing, 2-air inlet, 3-air outlet, 4-driven fan, 5-dust arrester, 51 ionized regions, 511-case Body, 512-wire electrode, 513-battery lead plate, 514-wind deflector, 515-sparking electrode pin, 516 electrode suppors, 517-through hole;52-is quiet Electric precipitation district, 521-casing, 522-metal collecting plate, 523-framework, 524 electrets, 525-metal electrode board, the new wind of 526-are logical Road, 527-fin, 6-ozone processing unit, 7-heating unit, 8-negative oxygen ion generator, 9-primary filter screen, 10-intelligence is automatically Control assembly, 11-front shroud, 4 ', 5 ', 6, ' 7 ', 8 ' is assembly 4, setting corresponding to 5,6,7,8 assemblies drawer in the housing.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and the specific embodiments, the present invention is described, but these contents are not as to scope Restriction.
The integral type new wind air cleaning system that the present invention provides, in all of embodiment, all schemes to have as indicated with 1 as follows Architectural feature: include housing 1, the first air handling assemblies and the second air handling assemblies;It is provided with air inlet on described housing 1 2 and air outlet 3, described air inlet 2 is for the introducing of outdoor air;In described housing 1, described first air-treatment group can be set Part and the second air handling assemblies;Described first air handling assemblies includes that driven fan 4, the second air handling assemblies include clearly Washing the repeatedly used dust arrester 5 that after-purification performance does not declines, described dust arrester is used for flowing through in air therein Particulate matter is electrically charged and is adsorbed electrically charged particulate matter by electric field;Described driven fan 4 for by outdoor air via It is discharged into indoor through described air outlet 3 again in described air inlet 2 is incorporated into described housing 1 and after flowing into described dust arrester 5;Also Regulating parts including air quantity, described air quantity regulation parts are for controlling the rotating speed of driven fan 4;Described air quantity regulation parts are arranged Having multiple gear, the range of speeds of the driven fan that the plurality of gear controls makes the wind speed range of the wind that air outlet exports to be 0.3-5m/s, the wind speed of this scope is in order to slowly to discharge room air and to guarantee the purification efficiency of described dust arrester up to: PM2.5 primary purification rate is 80-99.9%;Also including at least one of which primary filter screen 9, its installation site makes outdoor air palpus first Described housing 1, described driven fan 4 and/or described dust arrester 5 is entered back into after described primary filter screen;Described purification Performance does not decline and refers to that primary purification rate does not reduces, and dust containing capacity does not declines, and windage does not increases.
Integral type of the present invention new wind air cleaning system, processed before air enters indoor, and to indoor, offer is clean The air changed.Air handling assemblies includes cleaning the repeatedly used dust arrester that do not declines of after-purification performance, described removes It is electrically charged and adsorbed electrically charged particulate matter by electric field that dirt device is used for flowing through particulate in air therein, i.e. removes Dirt principle is ionization dedusting, some detailed description of the invention of this dust-cleaning principle patent 201420621707.X before inventor Disclosing in " the new blower fan of integral type electrostatic precipitation " and 201320700098.2, those skilled in the art can adjust described The parameter of dust arrester can by flow through particulate in air therein electrically charged and by electric field to electrically charged particulate matter Carry out adsorbing thus reach the purpose of air cleaning.
Although inventor is in practice, it has been found that can make particulate in air 100% electrically charged thus adsorb, but purify Effect additionally depends on the air velocity flowing through in device, namely driven fan rotating speed.Experimental result shows, exports blast velocity control In the range of 0.3-5 meter per second, the wind speed of this scope is so that the purification efficiency of described dust arrester reaches: PM2.5 is the cleanest Change efficiency is 80-99.9% (as exemplified in table 1).Wind speed and PM2.5 primary purification efficiency present linear negative dependency relation.
In the system of the present invention, arranging air quantity regulation parts, the range of accommodation of air quantity regulation parts is corresponding at air outlet Air output speed scope 0.3-5 meter per second.The driven fan of this wind speed is on the one hand for being drawn into indoor by outdoor air, real Now new wind and room air form applicable pressure-fired, and this micro-seamless being suitable for makes the new wind of purification can be by foul indoor air It is discharged to outdoor, it is achieved indoor and outdoor actively changes wind, poisonous and hazardous for indoor air inferior is passed through outside the extruder chambers such as door and window gap, Reducing indoor carbon dioxide content simultaneously, increase indoor oxygen content, the new wind of pressure-fired also ensures that the contaminated air of outdoor not Enter indoor.Plus using ionization dust arrester, the noise that the wind speed of this scope produces because of windage can be ignored substantially, existing sky The noise pollution defect of gas purifier maximum is also readily solved.
First primary filter screen for filtering out the pollutant such as foreign material such as Semen Salicis babylonicae cum pilus, blade of large volume.Primary filter screen is permissible It is arranged in described housing, and/or is arranged on outside housing, such as, be arranged in intake stack through walls, described intake stack It is connected with described air inlet.
Still further aspect, compared with existing general room air purifier, the new blower fan system of the present invention does not relies on Purify this index of air capacity i.e. CADR in unit interval, therefore need not driven fan and run up, with tradition room air Depurator research and development standard is different with direction.Existing indoor enter indoor in order to avoid outdoor contaminated air, need during air pollution Closing the doors and windows to carrying out indoor purifying, therefore the unit interval produces the volume CADR (2) of pure air is to weigh indoor air cleaning Change a most important index of device, next to that CCM (3) refers to pollutant purification ability and the service life of filter screen.CADR value is more Height, illustrates that purifying property is the best.In up-to-date air purifier GB, (GB/T18801-2015) is main to CADR, CCM, noise With four aspects of efficiency, standard is proposed.Owing to CADR is the highest, inevitable requirement machine fan inside improves rotating speed, and noise is the most therewith Raise.So the R&D direction of indoor air cleaner is all how to reach higher CADR value, CCM value, high purification energy at present Effect and low noise.And the present invention is to purify the air that outdoor entrance is indoor, form pressure-fired by controlled wind speed, will Room air air pollution is discharged, and is to replace room air, and user can open machine for a long time, makes clean air source Source constantly flows into indoor and is constantly discharged by foul indoor air, and after full room to be discharged air pollution, indoor air purification degree is i.e. Can be consistent with air outlet clean air, therefore, purify this index of air capacity i.e. CADR in not relying on the unit interval, the most not Driven fan is needed to run up, different from tradition indoor air cleaner research and development standard and direction.In terms of CCM value, this Bright use cleaning after repeatedly used ionization dust arrester, there is no comparability therewith the service life of consumptive material class filter screen, In terms of purifying property, prior art has and can realize the capable of washing of high purification efficiency and purifying property does not reduces removes Dirt device, in this as alternative of the present invention.
In a further embodiment, as in figure 2 it is shown, also include intelligent automatic control assembly 10, intelligent control function bag Include: air cleaning degree or accept remote control signal in sensing chamber, and then control described integral type new wind air cleaning system System is opened, is closed, the operation time, blower fan gear and/or pattern.
As it has been described above, the advantage of the VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) of the present invention be can, low energy consumption little with inletting fresh air, noise, without changing filter Net, primary purification percent of pass is high, owing to mode of operation is to discharge foul indoor air, in terms of tempo of evolution by clean air Not having comparability with the CADR index of indoor air cleaner, therefore, in order to user flexibility controls this system, the present invention is further Intelligent automatic control assembly is set in systems, can enter with air cleaning degree in sensing chamber or accept remote control signal And control described integral type new wind air cleaning system open, close, operation time and/or pattern.So that not relying on list The pure air total amount i.e. CADR value that bit time is exported after being filtered by depurator, it is not necessary to realize indoor quick at short notice Purify.
Intelligent control function can also include that infra-red remote control and APP control, and had both been easy to people behaviour handicapped in family Make, the most beneficially people remote software operation.The carrier frequency of described infra-red remote control is 30Khz to 60Khz.Described APP control The software of system is the application software developed based on i Phone operating system or Android mobile phone operating system, can grasp machinery remote Make.
In further embodiment, the range of speeds of the driven fan that the plurality of gear controls makes air outlet export The wind speed of wind is between following any number, or any two numerical value: 4.9m/s, 4.8m/s, 4.7m/s, 4.6m/s, 4.5m/s, 4.4m/s、4.3m/s、4.2m/s、4.1m/s、4.0m/s、3.9m/s、3.8m/s、3.7m/s、3.6m/s、3.5m/s、3.4m/s、 3.3m/s、3.2m/s、3.1m/s、3.0m/s、2.9m/s、2.8m/s、2.7m/s、2.6m/s、2.5m/s、2.4m/s、2.3m/s、 2.2m/s、2.1m/s、2.0m/s、1.9m/s、1.8m/s、1.7m/s、1.6m/s、1.5m/s、1.4m/s、1.3m/s、1.2m/s、 1.1m/s、1.0m/s、0.9m/s、0.8m/s、0.7m/s、0.6m/s、0.5m/s、0.4m/s、0.3m/s
In further embodiment, Fig. 3 preferably as described in dust arrester refer to high efficiency electrostatic dust removal filter, described the most quiet Electric precipitation filter includes that at least one ionized region 51 in inlet air flow path and at least one electrostatic precipitation district 52 are (in Fig. 3 A);The air that described ionized region 51 flows through for ionization makes particulate matter therein electrically charged, and described electrostatic precipitation district 52 is used for Absorption static electrification lotus particulate matter.
Use high efficiency electrostatic dedusting filter, effectively reduce windage, noise and energy consumption and significantly reduce.Test data show: when Per hour when 20 cubic metres of new wind of indoor supply, noise is about 20 decibels, is 45 decibels when maximum 200 cubic metres.Sleep gear Time (30 cubic metres per hour), be 22 decibels.Quiet design, when per hour to 20 cubic metres of new wind of indoor supply, noise is about It is 20 decibels, power about 8W;Maximum is 45 decibels when for 200 cubic metres, 25W;During sleep gear, 30 cubic metres of purifications per hour Air quantity, no better than quiet;Minimum electricity charge every day only 0.1 yuan.
Further, in some preferred embodiments, described ionized region and described electro-static precipitation district are Combined detachable Formula is installed;Described ionized region is X, and electrostatic precipitation district is Y, according to " N1 ionized region-M1 in inlet air flow path Electrostatic precipitation district-N2 ionized region-M2 electrostatic precipitation district ... Nn the individual electrostatic precipitation district of ionized region-Mm " mode set Put,
Wherein N1, N2 ..., Nn are integers and are less than or equal to X, and N1+N2+ ... Nn=X,
Wherein M1, M2 ..., Mm are integers and are less than or equal to Y, and M1+M2+ ... Mm=Y.
B and C in Fig. 3 illustrates two of which compound mode.So that needing or various places user's request spirit according to using Work adjusts the ionized region in high efficiency electrostatic dedusting filter and the number in described electro-static precipitation district and compound mode, such as sky Between relatively big and occasion to noise-sensitive, for ensureing that PM2.5 primary purification efficiency reaches higher level, then can extend described electricity From district, the particularly thickness in electro-static precipitation district, make quickly through air particle go through in electro-static precipitation district time foot Enough long, so that it is guaranteed that high-caliber purifying rate.Described ionized region and described electro-static precipitation district are preferably set to combination by the present invention The detachable installation of formula, can realize dust arrester length (wind on air-flow direction as desired by stacked system Road) increase.On the other hand, one skilled in the art will appreciate that to realize preferably ionizing and dustproof function, described ionized region With the air channel formed between metallic plate in described electro-static precipitation district will not be the widest, use the mode of multiple-layer stacked, be conducive to removing Cleaning that dirt device is carried out and maintenance.The mode of this increase Dustproof air flue, will not increase windage and energy consumption.And this area is conventional Depurator need by increasing the filter number of plies or density, in order to improve purification, it is difficult to avoid noise and the energy consumption raised.
In certain embodiments, the most described electrostatic precipitation district length sum on air-flow direction is at least 1cm; And/or the length sum that described electrostatic precipitation district is on air-flow direction is 1-200cm.
According to using the size purifying area, and the demand of wind velocity, the length of flexible configuration electrostatic precipitation can be changed. In order to take into account the clean-up effect in the case of Wind Volume, longer electrostatic precipitation district can be configured.
In some preferred embodiments, described ionized region 51 includes casing 511, and its sidewall is parallel with air-flow direction, Top and bottom are just to flow of air direction;The structure of described ionized region is electrode wire form ionized region or electrode pin type ionized region;
As shown in Figure 4, the structure of described ionized region is electrode wire form ionized region or electrode pin type ionized region;Including framework 511, its at least bottom and top is that opening is penetrating, can be arranged in contact in described housing 1 with the inwall of housing 1, And beneficially air flows into from described bottom and flows out from top;
Described electrode wire form ionized region, including described framework 511, multiple wire electrode 512, multiple battery lead plate 513;Described electricity Polar filament and described battery lead plate are disposed in described framework, and the plurality of battery lead plate is adjacent to be parallel to each other and pacifies with having spacing Being contained in described framework, the distance having between adjacent electrode plates forms air channel, and described air channel is conducive to air bottom framework Flow into air channel and flow out through described top;Described wire electrode and described battery lead plate are parallel to each other and have distance;Adjacent electrode Silk and the indirect Different electrodes of battery lead plate;
As it is shown in figure 5, described electrode pin type ionized region, including described framework 511, wind deflector 514, sparking electrode pin 515, Electrode suppor 516;Described wind deflector is arranged at the bottom of described framework, is provided with through hole 517 for importing air;Described framework Top is provided with electrode suppor, and described electrode suppor is used for fixing described sparking electrode pin, the placement position of described electrode suppor Make sparking electrode pin and the described through hole energy one_to_one corresponding on wind deflector being fixed thereon;Described wind deflector and sparking electrode Pin connects positive and negative electrode respectively.Air flows to sparking electrode pin through the through hole of wind deflector, and sparking electrode makes granule for atmospherical discharges Thing ionization is electrically charged.
Further in preferred embodiment, the material of described wire electrode is tungsten filament, and its diameter is between 0.1mm to 5mm; And/or a diameter of 1mm to 20mm of described sparking electrode pin;And/or described sparking electrode pin just center to described through hole, and The center of distance through hole is 10mm-100mm.Machine test display, these parameters are arranged, it is possible to ensure granule in air well The charged ratio of thing reaches 100%, so that it is guaranteed that the purification efficiency of the least microgranule of PM2.5 is up to more than 80%, and mostly When number, up to 96%.And lower numerical value, the ozone exceeding environmental requirement, higher numerical value may be produced, be then difficult to protect Barrier particulate matter band point ratio.
In more above-mentioned embodiments, the structure in described electrostatic precipitation district 52 is metal plate type electrostatic precipitation district or electret-type Electrostatic precipitation district: include framework 521, its at least bottom and top is that opening is penetrating, can with the inwall of housing 1 in contact It is arranged in described housing, and beneficially air flows into from described bottom and flows out from top;
As shown in Figure 6, described metal plate type electrostatic precipitation district, including described framework 521, polylith metal collecting plate 522, institute Top and the bottom of stating framework are that opening is penetrating, and described polylith metal collecting plate is parallel and is arranged on described frame with having spacing In body;Spacing between adjacent described metal collecting plate forms air channel, and the favourable air in described air channel flows into wind bottom framework Road the opening through described top flow out, and described metal collecting plate interval adjacent during work connects both positive and negative polarity;
As it is shown in fig. 7, described electret-type accumulation area, including framework 523, electret 524, metal electrode board 525;Multiple Described metal electrode board is fixed in described framework with having spacing, and adjacent described metal electrode board is from different electrodes even Connect;Space between metal electrode board is used for arranging electret, is provided with fresh air channel 626, described new wind in described electret The direction air of passage flows into described fresh air channel bottom framework and the opening through described top flows out.
In a further preferred embodiment, there is the fin 527 protruded inwardly from described fresh air channel 526, in order to increase Internal surface area;In further embodiment or more above-mentioned embodiments, in the most described electret-type accumulation area, described metal Spacing range between battery lead plate is: 1mm to 50mm, or 1-4mm.Machine test display, in the case of other parameter constant, In the range of Gai, between metal electrode board, spacing be inversely proportional to purifying rate, and spacing is the biggest, and purification efficiency is the lowest, minimum is not less than 80%, reach as high as 99.6%.But less spacing is unfavorable for arranging fresh air channel, and broader spacing, the need to Reach the purification efficiency of more than 80%, then need the fresh air channel length (i.e. the length of electrostatic precipitator) grown very much.
In further embodiment or more above-mentioned embodiments, the plate face of described metal collecting plate is flat board or ripple Shape.Corrugated is more beneficial to the air stream flowed through is changed into turbulent flow, to improve electrically charged particulate matter and described metal collecting plate Collision frequency, improve efficiency of dust collection further.
In further embodiment or more above-mentioned embodiments, described metal collecting plate and air-flow direction are 5-20 Degree angle is obliquely installed, and is beneficial to mode of intercepting and capturing and collects electrically charged particulate matter.It is beneficial to most of electrically charged particulate matter and institute State the collision of metal collecting plate and be adsorbed, thus improving efficiency of dust collection further.
Spacing between metal collecting plate described in further embodiment or more above-mentioned embodiments be 1mm extremely 50mm.Machine test display, in the case of other parameter constant, within the range, spacing and purifying rate between metal collecting plate Being inversely proportional to, spacing is the biggest, and purification efficiency is the lowest, minimum is not less than 80%, reaches as high as 99.6%.But less spacing is at electricity In dust removal process, easily produce electric discharge phenomena, and produce ozone, affect the safety that system uses, and broader spacing, If required up the purification efficiency of more than 80%, then need the air channel length (i.e. the length of electrostatic precipitator) grown very much..
In any of the above-described embodiment, the operating voltage range that described ionized region is suitable for is DC2000V to DC10000V;Institute The operating voltage range stating electrostatic precipitation district applicable is DC3000V to DV20000V;Or
The operating voltage range that described ionized region is suitable for is DC3000V to DC6000V;The work that described electrostatic precipitation district is suitable for It is DC3000V to DV8000V as voltage range, or 3500V to DV4000V.Preferably employ and produce the high Power Supply fittings forcing down stream. Suitable voltage in these numerical rangies guarantees that all particulates is electrically charged at ionized region, and is adsorbed by accumulation area, the most not Can discharge.
In most embodiments, further preferably include the 3rd air handling assemblies, for ozone processing unit.The present invention's is new Wind air cleaning system, in the case of there was dampness in the air, and ionization voltage is slightly higher, can produce a certain amount of ozone, after testing, Less than national standard 100ppb.But in order to improve the safety in utilization of this system further, preferably increase deodorization oxygen and process single Unit.
Alternatively, described ozone processing unit include for catalytic decomposition deodorization oxygen metal oxide catalyst and The carrier of described catalyst.Metal oxide catalyst is attached on carrier by coating or sintering processing.
Alternatively, described metal-oxide refers to the oxide of titanium, silver, copper, manganese, ferrum and/or cobalt;Or titanium, silver, copper, manganese, ferrum And/or the composite oxides of combination in any between cobalt;And/or described carrier is ceramic honeycomb, honeycomb metal, activated carbon.
In certain embodiments, further preferably include the 4th air handling assemblies, for heating unit, use PTC-ceramic for adding Hot material.Described heating unit is PPT ceramic heating flake, mainly guarantees that winter enters indoor new wind the coldest, and helps In removing ozone.
In certain embodiments, further preferably include the 5th air handling assemblies, for negative oxygen ion generator;Further preferably Ground, negative oxygen ion generator electric power output voltage is-5000V to-40000V;Further preferably, anion generator is negative Emission of ions head number is 1-8.For providing anion to air, improve the quality of air after purifying further.Described negative oxygen Ion generator is interpolation negative oxygen ion in Xiang Xinfeng, and negative oxygen ion is described as " air vitamin ", and the existence of negative oxygen ion makes Indoor people feel with fresh air, have the sensation being in forest.Further, new wind adds negative oxygen ion beneficially raising to go Efficiency except PM2.5 particulate matter
In certain embodiments, the most described driven fan is the blower fan that noise is not higher than 45 decibels, to further ensure that Muting function.
Existing indoor air cleaner is typically all, due to filter type, the drainage screen that windage is bigger, and is anti-in indoor Multiple purification, it is impossible to both low noise and high purification efficiency, wants to purify as early as possible, it is necessary to open top grade, but noise is the biggest. The new wind air purifier of the present invention, is not to purify air in indoor circulation, is to the cleaned air of indoor release, and passes through Foul indoor air is actively discharged by the pressure-fired formed from the gap such as crack between a door and its frame, window, and therefore, wind speed need not the highest, needs When to be purified, can to indoor release new wind thus indoor air purification with continuous service.Add the purification side of employing Formula is Electrostatic Absorption mode, and almost without windage, therefore, except driven fan, remaining component is nearly free from noise.
Owing to windage is little, energy consumption is little, and the new wind air cleaning system of the present invention can use direct current generator, it is achieved low-power High purification percent of pass under state, also makes air outlet noise be not higher than new 45 decibels, greatly optimizes the use of depurator Performance.And the output of the most existing indoor air cleaner 20-50W, significantly reduce energy consumption, it is achieved energy-conserving and environment-protective.
In most of embodiments, further preferably supporting part and the wind wheel of indoor set uses low temperature resistant to Celsius-30 materials spent Material;Further preferably employ modified ABS plastics, nylon.
In certain embodiments, as shown in Figure 10, it is also preferred that housing is set to module drawer-type structure, each drawer Control at least one the described assembly in housing accordingly, make described assembly to be drawn out of, change, keep in repair or reduction is installed. Wherein 4 ', 5 ', 6, ' 7 ', 8 ' is assembly 4, the housing drawer of 5,6,7,8 correspondences.It is conveniently adjusted ionized region and electrostatic precipitation district Use number, keep in repair, maintain each assembly.
Great majority implement in, the present invention quantity of described ionized region and electrostatic precipitation district is arranged to adjustable with It is beneficial to according to using demand independent assortment to install and regulation.
In in great majority are implemented, described air inlet is arranged on the rear wall bottom of described housing, described air-out by the present invention Mouth is arranged on the top of described housing, to form the described inlet air flow path from housing rear bottom to housing upper.This sets Mode of putting provides the installation space of maximum possible for ionized region and electrostatic precipitation district, if needing to increase ionized region or electrostatic Accumulation area, it is only necessary to use the housing lengthened, increase without to thickness of shell.Additionally this setup, The most at utmost decrease windage, further ensure that low noise and low energy consumption.
The present invention, based on said system, also provides for a kind of method to indoor offer purifying fresh air, it is characterised in that use Any of the above-described described new wind air planning system is to indoor offer purifying fresh air, and arranges and institute in house sidings or window State the link position that air inlet is corresponding, make outdoor air enter after described new wind air planning system processes and enter back into indoor.
In certain embodiments, described housing 1 includes backboard, header board and four cycle side plates vertical with described backboard, header board The front shroud 11 of outside.Described front shroud divides upper and lower two parts, and upper part can be opened, and the latter half is fixing, lower half Dividing and be provided with display screen and control panel, control panel connects internal intelligent automatic control assembly 10, is used for controlling inside each Assembly.Described air inlet 2 is opened on backboard, the wall of installation site is opened air channel through walls, and is provided with ducting assembly, fresh air purifying Owner's body is by ducting assembly through walls and outdoor UNICOM.Backboard has some installation screws, by screw screw by machine wall hanging Formula is mounted to a wall.
Between individual assembly, it is provided with parting bead, each assembly is played upper and lower fixation.Open header board and front shroud 11, each group Part can load between parting bead or extract out.
Electronics dedusting fresh air purifier of the present invention is also different from the split-type structural of the new blower fan system of central authorities.It highlights It is characterised by: its collection housing, driven fan, electronics dust removal and filtration unit group and new wind quality-improving unit group, air channel and parting bead, Automatically controlled, liquid crystal display, in one, coordinates ducting assembly through walls, and complete machine is integral type structure, housing has installing hole and (or hangs Hook) and under-chassis, get final product in-wall mounting, it is possible to console model is installed.Without laying pipeline in indoor separately and destroying furred ceiling, finishing The most all can install.This machine can the independently installed high-quality air purified to indoor offer.
The new wind air cleaning system of embodiment 1., it is characterised in that include housing, the first air handling assemblies and the second sky Gas disposal assembly;Being provided with air inlet and air outlet on described housing, described air inlet is for the introducing of outdoor air;Described shell Internal described first air handling assemblies and the second air handling assemblies are set;
Described first air handling assemblies includes driven fan, and the second air handling assemblies includes cleaning after-purification performance not The repeatedly used dust arrester declined, it is electrically charged and lead to that described dust arrester is used for flowing through particulate in air therein Cross electric field electrically charged particulate matter is adsorbed;
Described driven fan removes in outdoor air is incorporated into described housing via described air inlet and described in inflow It is discharged into indoor through described air outlet again after dirt device;
Also air quantity regulation parts, described air quantity regulation parts are for controlling the rotating speed of driven fan;Described air quantity regulation portion Part is provided with multiple gear, and the range of speeds of the driven fan that the plurality of gear controls makes the wind speed of the wind that air outlet exports Scope is 0.3-5m/s, and the wind speed of this scope is in order to slowly to discharge room air and to guarantee that the purification efficiency of described dust arrester is high Reach: PM2.5 primary purification efficiency is 80-99.9%;
Also include at least one of which primary filter screen, after its installation site makes outdoor air must first pass through described primary filter screen Enter back into described housing, described driven fan and/or described dust arrester;
Described purifying property does not decline and refers to that primary purification efficiency does not reduces, and dust containing capacity does not declines, and windage does not increases.
Embodiment 2. is according to the air cleaning system described in embodiment 1, it is characterised in that also include Based Intelligent Control assembly, Intelligent control function includes: connect remotely controlled signal, to control the unlatching of described integral type new wind air cleaning system, pass Close, operation time and/or pattern.
Embodiment 3. is according to the air cleaning system described in embodiment 1, it is characterised in that: it is dynamic that the plurality of gear controls The range of speeds of power blower fan makes the wind speed of the wind that air outlet exports can be following any number, or any two numerical value it Between: 4.9m/s, 4.8m/s, 4.7m/s, 4.6m/s, 4.5m/s, 4.4m/s, 4.3m/s, 4.2m/s, 4.1m/s, 4.0m/s, 3.9m/s、3.8m/s、3.7m/s、3.6m/s、3.5m/s、3.4m/s、3.3m/s、3.2m/s、3.1m/s、3.0m/s、2.9m/s、 2.8m/s、2.7m/s、2.6m/s、2.5m/s、2.4m/s、2.3m/s、2.2m/s、2.1m/s、2.0m/s、1.9m/s、1.8m/s、 1.7m/s、1.6m/s、1.5m/s、1.4m/s、1.3m/s、1.2m/s、1.1m/s、1.0m/s、0.9m/s、0.8m/s、0.7m/s、 0.6m/s、0.5m/s、0.4m/s、0.3m/s。
Embodiment 4, according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of embodiment 3, it is characterised in that described dust arrester Referring to high efficiency electrostatic dust removal filter, described high efficiency electrostatic dust removal filter includes at least one being arranged in inlet air flow path Ionized region and at least one electrostatic precipitation district;Described ionized region is electrically charged for the airborne particles thing flowed through, described quiet Electric precipitation district is used for adsorbing static electrification lotus particulate matter.
Embodiment 5. is according to the new wind air cleaning system described in embodiment 4, it is characterised in that:
In described high efficiency electrostatic dedusting filter, described ionized region number is X, and electrostatic precipitation district number Y, X and Y is for being more than Or equal to 1 integer, described ionized region and electrostatic precipitation district in inlet air flow path according to " N1Individual ionized region-M1Individual electrostatic Accumulation area-N2Individual ionized region-M2Individual electrostatic precipitation district ... NnIndividual ionized region-MmIndividual electrostatic precipitation district " mode arrange,
Wherein N1、N2。。。NnIt is all integer and less than or equal to X, and N1+N2+…Nn=X,
Wherein M1、M2。。。MmIt is all integer and less than or equal to Y, and M1+M2+…Mm=Y.
Embodiment 6. is according to the new wind air cleaning system described in embodiment 4 or 5, it is characterised in that: all described electrostatic Accumulation area length sum on air-flow direction is at least 1cm;Or described electrostatic precipitation district is on air-flow direction Length sum is 1-200cm.
Embodiment 7. is according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of embodiment 4-6, it is characterised in that:
The structure of described ionized region is electrode wire form ionized region or electrode pin type ionized region;Including framework, its at least bottom It is that opening is penetrating with top, can be arranged in contact in described housing with inner walls, and beneficially air is from described Bottom flows into and flows out from top;
Described electrode wire form ionized region, including described framework, multiple wire electrode, multiple battery lead plate;Described wire electrode and institute Stating battery lead plate to be disposed in described framework, the plurality of battery lead plate is adjacent to be parallel to each other and be arranged on described with having spacing In framework, the distance having between adjacent electrode plates forms air channel, and described air channel is conducive to air to flow into air channel bottom framework And flow out through described top;Described wire electrode and described battery lead plate are parallel to each other and have distance;Adjacent wire electrode and electrode The indirect Different electrodes of plate;
Described electrode pin type ionized region, including described framework, wind deflector, sparking electrode pin, electrode suppor;Described wind deflector It is arranged at the bottom of described framework, is provided with through hole for importing air;The top of described framework is provided with electrode suppor, described electricity Pole support is used for fixing described sparking electrode pin, and the placement position of described electrode suppor makes the sparking electrode pin being fixed thereon With the described through hole energy one_to_one corresponding on wind deflector;Described wind deflector and sparking electrode pin connect positive and negative electrode respectively.
Embodiment 8. is according to the new wind air cleaning system described in embodiment 7, it is characterised in that:
The material of described wire electrode is tungsten filament, and its diameter is between 0.1mm to 5mm;And/or
A diameter of 1mm to 20mm of described sparking electrode pin;And/or described sparking electrode pin is just in described through hole The heart, and be 10mm-100mm apart from the center of through hole.
Embodiment 9. is according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of embodiment 4-8, it is characterised in that: described electrostatic precipitator The structure in dirt district is metal plate type electrostatic precipitation district or electret-type electrostatic precipitation district, including framework, its at least bottom and top It is that opening is penetrating, can be arranged in contact in described housing with inner walls, and beneficially air flows from described bottom Enter and flow out from top;
Described metal plate type electrostatic precipitation district, including framework, polylith metal collecting plate, top and the bottom of described framework are Opening is penetrating, and described polylith metal collecting plate is parallel and is arranged on having spacing in described framework;Adjacent described metal Spacing between collecting plate forms air channel, and the favourable air in described air channel flows into air channel the opening through described top bottom framework Flowing out, described metal collecting plate interval adjacent during work connects both positive and negative polarity;
Described electret-type accumulation area, including framework, electret, metal electrode board;Multiple described metal electrode boards have Being fixed on to spacing in described framework, adjacent described metal electrode board connects from different electrodes;Between metal electrode board Space is used for arranging electret, is provided with fresh air channel in described electret, and the direction air of described fresh air channel is from the bottom of framework Portion flows into described fresh air channel and the opening through described top flows out.
Embodiment 10. is according to the new wind air cleaning system described in embodiment 9, it is characterised in that: in described fresh air channel There is the fin protruded inwardly from, in order to increase internal surface area;And/or in described electret-type accumulation area, described metal electrode board it Between spacing range be: 1mm to 50mm.
Embodiment 11. is according to the air cleaning system described in embodiment 9, it is characterised in that: the plate of described metal collecting plate Face is flat board or corrugated.
Embodiment 12 is according to the air cleaning system described in embodiment 11, it is characterised in that: described metal collecting plate and institute Backboard or the side plate of stating housing are that 0-20 degree angle is obliquely installed, and are beneficial to mode of intercepting and capturing and collect electrically charged particulate matter.
Embodiment 13. is according to the new wind air cleaning system described in embodiment 9,11 or 12, it is characterised in that: described metal Spacing between collecting plate is 1mm to 50mm.
Embodiment 14. is according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of embodiment 4-13, it is characterised in that: described ionization The operating voltage range that district is suitable for is DC2000V to DC10000V;The operating voltage range that described electrostatic precipitation district is suitable for is DC3000V to DV20000V;And/or
The operating voltage range that described ionized region is suitable for is DC3000V to DC9000V;The work that described electrostatic precipitation district is suitable for It is DC3000V to DV6000V as voltage range.
Embodiment 15. is according to the arbitrary described air cleaning system of embodiment 1-14, it is characterised in that: also include that the 3rd is empty Gas disposal assembly, for ozone processing unit.
Embodiment 16. is according to the new wind air cleaning system described in embodiment 15, it is characterised in that described ozone processes single Unit includes the metal oxide catalyst for catalytic decomposition deodorization oxygen and the carrier of described catalyst.
Embodiment 17. is according to the new wind air cleaning system described in embodiment 16, it is characterised in that described metal-oxide Refer to titanium, silver, copper, manganese, ferrum and/or the oxide of cobalt;Or the combined oxidation of combination in any between titanium, silver, copper, manganese, ferrum and/or cobalt Thing;And/or described carrier is ceramic honeycomb, honeycomb metal, activated carbon.
Embodiment 18. is according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of embodiment 1-17, it is characterised in that: also include the Four air handling assemblies, for heating unit, are used for the air to flowing through described indoor body and heat.
Embodiment 19 is according to the new wind air cleaning system described in embodiment 18, it is characterised in that: described heating unit is adopted It is heating material with PTC-ceramic.
Embodiment 20. is according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of embodiment 1-19, it is characterised in that also include the Five air handling assemblies, for negative oxygen ion generator;Preferably, negative oxygen ion generator electric power output voltage be-5000V to- 40000V;Further preferably, the negative ion emission head number of anion generator is 1-8.For providing anion to air, Improve the quality of air after purifying further.
Embodiment 21. is according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of embodiment 1-20, it is characterised in that: described power Blower fan is the blower fan that noise is not higher than 45 decibels.
Embodiment 22. is according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of embodiment 1-21, it is characterised in that: indoor set Supporting part and wind wheel use the material of low temperature resistant to Celsius-30 degree;Preferably employ modified ABS plastics, nylon.
Embodiment 23. is according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of embodiment 1-22, and described housing is set to module Drawer-type structure, each drawer controls the described assembly of at least one in housing accordingly, makes described assembly can be drawn out of, more Change, keep in repair or reduction is installed.
Embodiment 24. is according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of embodiment 4-23, it is characterised in that: described ionization The quantity scalable in district and electrostatic precipitation district is beneficial to according to using demand independent assortment to install and regulation.
Embodiment 25. is according to the arbitrary described air cleaning system of embodiment 1-24, it is characterised in that described air inlet sets Putting the rear wall bottom at described housing, described air outlet is arranged on the top of described housing, with formed from housing rear bottom to The described inlet air flow path of housing upper.
26. 1 kinds of methods to indoor offer purifying fresh air of embodiment, it is characterised in that use the arbitrary institute of embodiment 1-25 The new wind air planning system stated is to indoor offer purifying fresh air, and arranges and described air inlet pair in house sidings or window The link position answered, makes outdoor air enter after described new wind air planning system processes and enters back into indoor.
The new wind air cleaning system of the present invention is automatically controlled makes use-case and performance test:
Automatically controlled include:
1, battery main switch (band display lamp):
Open state: when red;
Off status: red light goes out;
2, APP controls:
Open state realizes:
1) 1 grade+high efficiency electrostatic of wind speed dust removal and filtration unit power supply open+display screen opens+anion opens
2) adjustable speed.
Off status function: machine is fully closed.
3, remote controller controls: all can use remote controller control below.
1) on off key (one-key start): open state: wind speed 1 grade+high efficiency electrostatic dust removal and filtration unit power supply opens+display screen Open+anion opens.
Off status: fully closed.
2) remote-control speed-regulation: totally five grades, 1 grade of wind speed is minimum, and five grades of wind speed are the highest."+" number is speed-raising, and "-" number is reduction of speed.
4) remote control electrical heating: open a 200W, open secondary 400W, opens three times and closes for electrical heating.Electrical heating power supply and wind Machine has chain, and blower fan leaves, and electrical heating can be opened, and blower fan closes then electrical heating closes.
5) remote control sleep function is arranged:
Sleep function open state: a, in addition to power lights, all show closedown.B, wind speed 1 grade+high efficiency electrostatic dust removal and filtration list Unit opens+and negative oxygen ion opens.
Sleep function off status: rollback is to previous state.
6) remote control display screen:
Open state: the PM2.5 after display machine fresh air purifying, wind speed, electrical heating, negative oxygen ion, clean prompting, timing are opened Shutdown.Display screen is automatically switched off for 2 minutes without any operation.
Off status: display is closed.
7) remote control PM2.5 detection:
A, detection outdoor air conditions: display screen opens+wind speed 1 grade+high efficiency electrostatic dust removal and filtration unit power supply pass, this state Within 10 seconds, automatically it is back to laststate.
B, the new wind that purified of detection: display screen opens+and wind speed 1 grade+high efficiency electrostatic dust removal and filtration unit opens+negative oxygen ion Open.
8) timed power on/off:
A, timing are opened: all the period of time timing is opened, and has when opening: wind speed 1 grade+high efficiency electrostatic dust removal and filtration unit open+bear oxygen from Son opens+and display screen opens.
B, timed-shutoff: fully closed.
Described infrared remote controller is the startup to machine, speed governing, heat, detect the operations such as display is remotely controlled, infrared The carrier frequency of the infra-red remote control of line remote controller is between 30Khz to 60Khz.
The application software that described APP operation controls is based on i Phone operating system or Android mobile phone operating system base Application software on plinth, can operate machinery remote.
The main performance performance of machine:
1, dust removing effects: when outdoor PM2.5 index is in the case of about 300, during maximum quantity of wind (200 cubic metres), its It is once 98%-100% by purification efficiency.
2, maximum oxygen supplement amount: per hour can be to indoor increase pure oxygen 41 cubic metres.
3, toxin expelling gas ability (as a example by the bedroom that area is 18 square metres): the poisonous of this room 95% can be got rid of in 1 hour Harmful gas, after 2 hours, the toxic and harmful clearance in this room is 99%.Machine continues the operation of little air quantity, room later Toxic and harmful content close to zero.
4, supply resh air requirement: minimum 20 cubic metres per hour, maximum the most about 200 cubic metres, total Pyatyi air quantity.
5, dedusting energy consumption: one-level energy consumption, when per hour to the new wind of indoor supply 20 cubic metres, power about 8W, its 200 stand Peak power about 25W during side's rice.Minimum electricity charge every day only 1 mao.
6, noise: quiet design, when per hour to 20 cubic metres of new wind of indoor supply, noise is about 20 decibels, maximum When 200 cubic metres it is 45 decibels.During sleep gear (30 cubic metres per hour), it it is 22 decibels.
7, anion supply: every cubic centimetre 10,000,000.
8, ozone exhaust air rate: below 30ppb, far below the standard of Ministry of Public Health 100ppb.
9, mode of operation: operation extremely convenient, can: on-site manual touching type operation;Remote controller global function operates;Mobile phone is remote Journey global function remotely operates.
10, dust removal and filtration mode: mechanical type adds electronic type, chemical formula combined filtration, main filter Reusability capable of washing, Free of replacement, expense about 1500-2000 unit can be saved for every every year.
11, display mode: liquid crystal display screen global function shows.Laggard including the outer PM2.5 pollution index of real-time display room and purification Enter the PM2.5 index of indoor clean new wind, and machine wind speed and other function service datas, function and clean-up effect are directly perceived, Understand.
During a length of 10cm in experimental example 1. accumulation area, wind speed and PM2.5 primary purification rate relation test
Dust arrester is the shown electrostatic precipitator laying dust district combination arbitrary with Fig. 6-8 of the ionized region shown in Fig. 4 or Fig. 5;Wherein:
The material of described wire electrode is tungsten filament, and its diameter is between 0.1mm to 5mm;
A diameter of 1mm to 20mm of described sparking electrode pin;Described sparking electrode pin just center to described through hole, and away from It is 10mm-100mm from the center of through hole;
In described electret-type accumulation area, the spacing range between described metal electrode board is: 1mm to 50mm;
Spacing between described metal collecting plate is 1mm to 50mm
The operating voltage range stating ionized region applicable is DC2000V to DC10000V;The work that described electrostatic precipitation district is suitable for It is DC3000V to DV20000V as voltage range;
The parameter adjusting dust arrester within the above range obtains some VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System);
Choose the many groups of new wind systems determining parameters within the above range, a length of 10cm in its accumulation area is set, and Air outlet wind speed and purification efficiency relation.
Result shows, in the case of other parameter constant, wind speed in the range of 0.3-5 rice/s, PM2.5 primary purification rate with Wind speed is negative correlation linear relationship.After but wind speed is higher than 5 meters, PM2.5 primary purification rate rapid drawdown.One of which VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) Data be shown in Table 1 and Figure 11.
During a length of 50cm in experimental example 2. accumulation area, wind speed and PM2.5 primary purification rate relation test
Dust arrester is that the ionized region shown in Fig. 4 or Fig. 5 combines with selected from multiple electrostatic precipitator laying dust districts of Fig. 6-8;Each The parameter area of parts is with embodiment 1
The parameter adjusting dust arrester within the above range obtains some VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System);
Choose the multiple new wind system determining parameters within the above range, a length of 50cm in its accumulation area is set, and Test out air port wind speed and purification efficiency relation.
The rule presented is identical with experimental example 1, i.e. in the case of other parameter constant, wind speed in the range of 0.3-5 rice/s, PM2.5 primary purification rate and wind speed are negative correlation linear relationship.But after wind speed is higher than 5 meters, PM2.5 primary purification rate is rapid Fall.Owing to integrated district lengthens, high than in experimental example of the PM2.5 primary purification rate realized under each wind speed.One of which number According to being shown in Table 1, and the comparative graph of Figure 11.
Table 1

Claims (10)

1. new wind air cleaning system, it is characterised in that include housing, the first air handling assemblies and the second air-treatment group Part;Being provided with air inlet and air outlet on described housing, described air inlet is for the introducing of outdoor air;Can set in described housing Put described first air handling assemblies and the second air handling assemblies;
Described first air handling assemblies includes driven fan, and the second air handling assemblies includes that cleaning after-purification performance does not declines Repeatedly used dust arrester, it is electrically charged and by electricity that described dust arrester is used for flowing through particulate in air therein Electrically charged particulate matter is adsorbed by field;
Described driven fan is in being incorporated into described housing by outdoor air via described air inlet and flows into described dedusting dress Postpone and be discharged into indoor through described air outlet again;
Also air quantity regulation parts, described air quantity regulation parts are for controlling the rotating speed of driven fan;Described air quantity regulation parts set Being equipped with multiple gear, the range of speeds of the driven fan that the plurality of gear controls makes the wind speed range of the wind that air outlet exports For 0.3-5m/s, the wind speed of this scope is in order to slowly to discharge room air and to guarantee the purification efficiency of described dust arrester up to: PM2.5 primary purification efficiency is 80-99.9%;
Also including at least one of which primary filter screen, its installation site makes outdoor air enter after must first passing through described primary filter screen again Enter described housing, described driven fan and/or described dust arrester;
Described purifying property does not decline and refers to that primary purification efficiency does not reduces, and dust containing capacity does not declines, and windage does not increases.
Air cleaning system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include Based Intelligent Control assembly, Based Intelligent Control Function includes: connect remotely controlled signal, to control the unlatching of described integral type new wind air cleaning system, to close, run Time and/or pattern.
Air cleaning system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the driven fan that the plurality of gear controls The range of speeds makes the wind speed of the wind that air outlet exports can be between following any number, or any two numerical value: 4.9m/s, 4.8m/s、4.7m/s、4.6m/s、4.5m/s、4.4m/s、4.3m/s、4.2m/s、4.1m/s、4.0m/s、3.9m/s、3.8m/s、 3.7m/s、3.6m/s、3.5m/s、3.4m/s、3.3m/s、3.2m/s、3.1m/s、3.0m/s、2.9m/s、2.8m/s、2.7m/s、 2.6m/s、2.5m/s、2.4m/s、2.3m/s、2.2m/s、2.1m/s、2.0m/s、1.9m/s、1.8m/s、1.7m/s、1.6m/s、 1.5m/s、1.4m/s、1.3m/s、1.2m/s、1.1m/s、1.0m/s、0.9m/s、0.8m/s、0.7m/s、0.6m/s、0.5m/s、 0.4m/s、0.3m/s。
4. according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of claim 3, it is characterised in that described dust arrester refers to the most quiet Electric precipitation filter, described high efficiency electrostatic dust removal filter include at least one ionized region of being arranged in inlet air flow path and At least one electrostatic precipitation district;Described ionized region is electrically charged for the airborne particles thing flowed through, described electrostatic precipitation district For adsorbing static electrification lotus particulate matter.
New wind air cleaning system the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:
In described high efficiency electrostatic dedusting filter, described ionized region number is X, electrostatic precipitation district number Y, X and Y for more than or etc. In the integer of 1, described ionized region and electrostatic precipitation district according to " N in inlet air flow path1Individual ionized region-M1Individual electrostatic precipitation District-N2Individual ionized region-M2Individual electrostatic precipitation district ... NnIndividual ionized region-MmIndividual electrostatic precipitation district " mode arrange,
Wherein N1、N2。。。NnIt is all integer and less than or equal to X, and N1+N2+...Nn=X,
Wherein M1、M2。。。MmIt is all integer and less than or equal to Y, and M1+M2+...Mm=Y.
6. according to the new wind air cleaning system described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that: all described electrostatic precipitation districts exist Length sum on air-flow direction is at least 1cm;Or the length sum that described electrostatic precipitation district is on air-flow direction For 1-200cm.
7. according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of claim 4-6, it is characterised in that:
The structure of described ionized region is electrode wire form ionized region or electrode pin type ionized region;Including framework, its at least bottom and top Portion is that opening is penetrating, can be arranged in contact in described housing with inner walls, and beneficially air is from described bottom Flow into and flow out from top;
Described electrode wire form ionized region, including described framework, multiple wire electrode, multiple battery lead plate;Described wire electrode and described electricity Polar plate interval is arranged in described framework, and the plurality of battery lead plate is adjacent to be parallel to each other and be arranged on described framework with having spacing In, the distance having between adjacent electrode plates forms air channel, and described air channel is conducive to air to flow into air channel warp bottom framework Described top is flowed out;Described wire electrode and described battery lead plate are parallel to each other and have distance;Adjacent wire electrode and battery lead plate it Different electrodes indirectly;
Described electrode pin type ionized region, including described framework, wind deflector, sparking electrode pin, electrode suppor;Described wind deflector is arranged In the bottom of described framework, it is provided with through hole for importing air;The top of described framework is provided with electrode suppor, and described electrode props up Frame is used for fixing described sparking electrode pin, and the placement position of described electrode suppor makes the sparking electrode pin being fixed thereon and leads Described through hole energy one_to_one corresponding on aerofoil;Described wind deflector and sparking electrode pin connect positive and negative electrode respectively.
New wind air cleaning system the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:
The material of described wire electrode is tungsten filament, and its diameter is between 0.1mm to 5mm;And/or
A diameter of 1mm to 20mm of described sparking electrode pin;And/or described sparking electrode pin just center to described through hole, and The center of distance through hole is 10mm-100mm.
9. according to the arbitrary described new wind air cleaning system of claim 4-8, it is characterised in that: the knot in described electrostatic precipitation district Structure is metal plate type electrostatic precipitation district or electret-type electrostatic precipitation district, and including framework, its at least bottom and top is that opening leads to Saturating, can be arranged in contact in described housing with inner walls, and beneficially air flows into and from top from described bottom Portion flows out;
Described metal plate type electrostatic precipitation district, including framework, polylith metal collecting plate, the top of described framework and bottom are openings Penetrating, described polylith metal collecting plate is parallel and is arranged on having spacing in described framework;Adjacent described metal dust Spacing between plate forms air channel, and the favourable air in described air channel flows into air channel the opening stream through described top bottom framework Going out, described metal collecting plate interval adjacent during work connects both positive and negative polarity;
Described electret-type accumulation area, including framework, electret, metal electrode board;Multiple described metal electrode boards have spacing Ground is fixed in described framework, and adjacent described metal electrode board connects from different electrodes;Space between metal electrode board For arranging electret, being provided with fresh air channel in described electret, the direction air of described fresh air channel flows bottom framework Enter described fresh air channel and the opening through described top flows out.
10. the method to indoor offer purifying fresh air, it is characterised in that use the arbitrary described new wind of claim 1-9 Air planning system is to indoor offer purifying fresh air, and arranges the connection corresponding with described air inlet in house sidings or window Position, makes outdoor air enter after described new wind air planning system processes and enters back into indoor.
CN201610600698.XA 2016-07-07 2016-07-27 New wind air purification method and system CN106247522A (en)

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CN201610791785.8A CN106225202A (en) 2016-07-07 2016-08-31 Drawer type new wind air cleaning system
CN201621031891.8U Active CN206310597U (en) 2016-07-07 2016-08-31 Multilayer ionizes dedusting combined type fresh air air cleaning system
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CN201621031864.0U Active CN206310698U (en) 2016-07-07 2016-08-31 Drawer type fresh air air cleaning system
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