CN106237351A - Color change and disinfecting surface - Google Patents

Color change and disinfecting surface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106237351A
CN106237351A CN201610397597.7A CN201610397597A CN106237351A CN 106237351 A CN106237351 A CN 106237351A CN 201610397597 A CN201610397597 A CN 201610397597A CN 106237351 A CN106237351 A CN 106237351A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
layer
light
vehicle
electrode
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610397597.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
帕特里克·凯文·赫鲁伯
约翰·罗伯特·范·维米尔斯
斯图尔特·C·萨尔特
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福特全球技术公司
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Priority to US14/735,435 priority Critical
Priority to US14/735,435 priority patent/US9492575B2/en
Application filed by 福特全球技术公司 filed Critical 福特全球技术公司
Publication of CN106237351A publication Critical patent/CN106237351A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/08Radiation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/08Radiation
    • A61L2/10Ultra-violet radiation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/16Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air using physical phenomena
    • A61L9/18Radiation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/10Apparatus features
    • A61L2202/11Apparatus for generating biocidal substances, e.g. vaporisers, UV lamps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/10Apparatus features
    • A61L2202/14Means for controlling sterilisation processes, data processing, presentation and storage means, e.g. sensors, controllers, programs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/10Apparatus features
    • A61L2202/16Mobile applications, e.g. portable devices, trailers, devices mounted on vehicles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/20Targets to be treated
    • A61L2202/25Rooms in buildings, passenger compartments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2209/00Aspects relating to disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L2209/10Apparatus features
    • A61L2209/11Apparatus for controlling air treatment
    • A61L2209/111Sensor means, e.g. motion, brightness, scent, contaminant sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2209/00Aspects relating to disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L2209/10Apparatus features
    • A61L2209/12Lighting means

Abstract

A kind of device being configured to and carrying out disinfection vehicle is disclosed.This device comprises the first electrode, a part for the first electrode substantially covering part light penetrating panel.Multiple printing light emitting diodes (LED) are suspended in the semiconducting inks being positioned on the first electrode and are configured to launch sterilization and launch.Second electrode electrically connects with multiple LED.The defeated layer of light transmission being connected with the second electrode and/or one or more intermediate layer is arranged to be formed the inner surface of face glass.At least some of transmission that light-transmitting layer is operable as making sterilization launch is by light-transmitting layer, so that the part that sterilization is launched is transmitted on the inner surface of vehicle.

Description

Color change and disinfecting surface

Technical field

This patent disclosure relates generally to decontamination system, and relate more specifically to the decontamination system with thin profile, this profile It is operable as fitting to non-planar surfaces.

Background technology

Disease and infectious disease can be via various surfaces by indirect contact transmissions, and surface can correspond to everyday exposure Touch-surface.The sterilization on such surface contributes to stoping the propagation of disease and infectious disease to reduce health risks associated.This The bright various systems provided for various surfaces are carried out disinfection and device.The surface can sterilized by assembly of the invention At least one example can be various vehicle surface.

Summary of the invention

According to an aspect of the present invention, a kind of device being configured to and carrying out disinfection vehicle is disclosed.This device comprises One electrode, a part for the first electrode substantially covering part light penetrating panel.Multiple printing light emitting diodes (LED) are suspended in and are positioned at In semiconducting inks on first electrode and be configured to launch sterilization launch.Second electrode electrically connects with multiple LED.With The light-transmitting layer that two electrodes and/or one or more intermediate layer connect is arranged to be formed the inner surface of light penetrating panel.Light transmission Layer is operable as making what sterilization launched to transmit by light-transmitting layer at least partially, so that a part of transmitting of sterilizing strikes vehicle Inner surface on.

According to a further aspect in the invention, a kind of luminescent skin layer for vehicle is disclosed.This top layer comprises pair of electrodes, electricity Greatly body covers a part for vehicle glazing panel.The multiple printing LED being positioned at semiconducting inks are set in-between the electrodes And can be used to launch the excitation-emission of first wave length.Photoluminescent layers is positioned proximate to one of them electrode and joins Put the output for excitation-emission is converted to second wave length to launch.

According to another aspect of the invention, a kind of luminous assembly for vehicle is disclosed.This assembly comprises multiple luminescent layer Or stacking emission layer.Each in luminescent layer comprises pair of electrodes and multiple printing LED, and pair of electrodes substantially covers vehicle glass A part for glass panel.Multiple printing LED are suspended in semiconducting inks and arrange in-between the electrodes.Multiple LED are operable For launching the excitation-emission of first wave length.At least one luminescent layer comprises the photoluminescent layers of one of them electrode neighbouring, light Electroluminescent layer is configured to be converted to excitation-emission at least the first output of second wave length and launches.

The most following description, claims and drawings of those skilled in the art one are it can be understood that and understand this These and other aspect, target and the characteristic of invention.

Accompanying drawing explanation

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is the perspective view of the passenger compartment of motor vehicles, and this passenger compartment comprises illumination assembly and/or top layer;

Fig. 2 is the detailed side view of luminous assembly;

Fig. 3 is the side view of luminous assembly, it is shown that be configured to the photoluminescent layers that the wavelength of light is carried out change;

Fig. 4 is the detailed side view of at least embodiment on translucent color change top layer, and this top layer is arranged on vehicle glass On glass surface;

Fig. 5 is the detailed side view of at least embodiment on translucent color change top layer, and this top layer is arranged on vehicle glass On glass surface;

Fig. 6 is the flow chart of the method for the illumination for controlling luminous assembly;

Fig. 7 is the block diagram of illuminator, and this illuminator is arranged for controlling for the illumination of luminous assembly.

Detailed description of the invention

As required, the specific embodiment of the present invention it is disclosed that.It is to be understood, however, that disclosed embodiment Being only the example of the present invention, it can be to be presented as form that is different and that substitute.Accompanying drawing is not necessarily specific design, and in order to Presenting functional profile, some figures can be exaggerated or minimized.Therefore, specific 26S Proteasome Structure and Function details disclosed herein should be by It is construed to limit, but as just for instructing those skilled in the art's many-side to use the representative basis of the present invention.

As used in this, the term "and/or" used when in a series of two or more projects means can Maybe can use the combination in any of two or more Listed Items being used alone any one Listed Items.Such as, if mixed Compound is described as comprising component A, B and/or C, and mixture can comprise single A;Individually B;Individually C;The group of A and B Close;The combination of A and C;The combination of B and C;Or the combination of A, B and C.

In certain embodiments, the following open illumination described for fixing device and/or decontaminating apparatus.This decontaminating apparatus Can correspond to top layer or emission layer.Top layer can be used for various surface, and this surface configuration is used for launching sterilization and launches with right The region on neighbouring top layer carries out disinfection.Surface described here can correspond at least partly transparent surface.Such surface The surface of at least part of printing opacity can be included but not limited to and can include being positioned adjacent in they routine uses usual energy The various surfaces on the surface being enough accessed.

Decontaminating apparatus can correspond to thin flexible assembly, and it can be used in various application.In order to the present invention's Purpose, vehicle anchor may refer to any interiorly or exteriorly part or its parts of vehicle arrangement, and it is suitable to receive here The device of described various embodiments.In the exemplary embodiment, vehicle anchor can correspond to vehicle glass part Or vehicle window.Although the various embodiments of device described here are applied mainly for motor vehicles, it will be clear that this device Or system can also be embodied in other type of vehicle, this vehicle is designed to carry one or more passenger, such as But it is not limited to boats and ships, train and aircraft.

With reference to Fig. 1, generally illustrate the passenger compartment 10 of motor vehicles 12, it is shown that various inner surfacies 14.At vehicle 12 Using and run duration, inner surface 14 would generally be contacted by operator, passenger or otherwise make antibacterial and germs collect On inner surface 14.Such surface can include but not limited to that door handle, handrail, armrest, headrest, working surface are (as propped up Support face), controller, seat and the various other fixing device can being touched in the routine use of vehicle 12 and surface. The present invention provides a kind of decontaminating apparatus 22, and this decontaminating apparatus 22 is configured to launch and can be used at least the one of inner surface 14 The transmitting light that part carries out disinfection.

Decontaminating apparatus 22 can be arranged on vehicle glazing 15 as the top layer of vehicle glazing 15 and/or integral layer.Such as this Vehicle glazing described in can correspond to the part of any at least part of printing opacity of vehicle 12, includes but not limited to vehicle glazing And their part.Generally, vehicle glazing 15 can correspond to windshield 16, sun roof 18, passenger's vehicle window 20 with And any other at least partly transparent or panel of printing opacity or fixing device of vehicle 12.The present invention provides decontaminating apparatus 22 extremely Few a kind of embodiment, this decontaminating apparatus 22 is arranged on vehicle glazing 15 as top layer and/or the integral layer of vehicle glazing 15 On surface.Decontaminating apparatus 22 may be configured to export the part being configured to illuminate vehicle 12 and/or to vehicle 12 one The light of at least one wavelength that part carries out disinfection.

In some embodiments, the present invention further provides a kind of illuminator 24, this operable use of illuminator 24 In illuminating at least some of of vehicle 12.Illuminator 24 is configurable to by controlling the transmitting light from illuminator 24 output Color adjust the color of the ambient light in vehicle 12.In some embodiments, illuminator 24 can be with decontaminating apparatus 22 implement in combination, as integrated sterilization and illuminator, the most integrated illuminator 26.In such reality Executing in example, integrated illuminator 26 can be used to control the color of at least some of interior ambient light of vehicle 12, and The sterilization of at least one of inner surface 14 of vehicle 12 is provided.

In certain embodiments, at least some in device 22,24 and 26 described here can with controller 172 (not Illustrate) communication.Controller 172 can further with vehicle control module communication.Vehicle control module can be in response to various use Family input, vehicle operating information, vehicle condition information, heating/cooling information, positional information, occupant's identification information etc. are to control Device 172 provides signal.Each in device 22 and 26 is in response to the one or more signals received from vehicle control module And operate and be used for exporting light emission, this light emission is configured at least some of of the inside 10 to vehicle 12 and substantially disappears Poison.Additionally, the transmitting of visible ray can by device 24 and 26 each launch and by controller 172 control for corresponding to The light of various wavelength and combinations thereof.Further details about controller 172 and vehicle control module are carried out with reference to Fig. 7 Explanation.

With reference to Fig. 2, it is shown that emission layer 34 or the detailed side view of luminescent layer being arranged on glass surface 36 is described, send out Penetrate layer 34 or at least one at least some of that luminescent layer can correspond in device 22,24 and 26.Emission layer 34 can be right Should be in thin film or printing light emitting diode (LED) assembly.Such as, emission layer 34 can represent and is combined in device 22,24 and 26 Each interior multiple common structure or element.Although each in device 22,24 and 26 can have specific unit Part combination and/or configuration, but the top layer illustrated in fig 1 and 2 can be that each offer in device 22,24 and 26 is exemplary Configuration.

Emission layer 34 is shown as the substrate 42 having on the glass surface 36 being arranged on vehicle glazing 15.Substrate 42 can be Substantially transparent or translucent and corresponding to thin film.Emission layer 34 can be used in needs the various of thickness of overall thin to answer In with.Substrate 42 can be polymer, such as Merlon, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), poly terephthalic acid second two Alcohol ester (PET) etc..In certain embodiments, substrate 42 can be by cylinder coating dispersion to be incorporated into the assembling at emission layer 34 In operation and thickness can be about 0.1mm to 2mm.In the exemplary embodiment, emission layer 34 thickness can less than 1mm also And thickness can be less than 0.6mm in some embodiments.

First electrode 44 can correspond to cathode conductive layer (negative electrode 44 hereinafter) and is arranged in substrate 42.Here Described negative electrode 44 and/or various electrode or conductive layer can comprise the asphalt mixtures modified by epoxy resin of conductive epoxy resin, such as argentiferous or cupric Fat.Negative electrode 44 is electrically connected to the first busbar or cathodic bus bars 46.Cathodic bus bars 46 described here and other conflux Bar or conduit can be metal and/or can be screen printed onto the conductive material on electrode or conductive layer.Busbar can by with Multiple light emitting diodes (LED) source 48 is electrically connected to power supply via controller 172 in emission layer 34.By this way, Cathodic bus bars 46 and use other busbar in emission layer 34 be configurable to along and/or at whole negative electrode 44 with send out Penetrate in other conductive layer in layer 34 and generally uniformly transmit electric current.

LED light source 48 can print, disperse or be otherwise applied to negative electrode 44 by semiconducting inks 50.Quasiconductor Ink can correspond to liquid suspension, and it comprises the LED light source 48 of the certain closeness being dispersed therein.LED light source close Intensity can change based on the emissive porwer needed for luminous assembly.LED light source 48 by random or controlled in the way of be dispersed in half In conductor ink 50.LED light source 48 can correspond to the miniature LED of the gallium nitride element of width about 5 microns to 400 microns, should Miniature LED is generally perpendicular to the surface in alignment of negative electrode 44.Semiconducting inks 50 can include multiple binding agent and electrolyte material Material, binding agent and dielectric substance include but not limited in gallium, indium, carborundum, phosphorus and/or translucent polymeric binder One or more.In the configuration, semiconducting inks 50 can comprise the LED light source 48 of various closeness, so that LED light source The dispersion density of 48 can adjust for different application.

Can be by multiple typography application semiconducting inks 50, including to the selected part ink-jet of negative electrode 44 and silk screen Typography.Semiconducting inks 50 can be applied as making the LED light source 48 can be at negative electrode 44 and the second electrode 54 or anode conducting Circuit is formed between layer (anode 54 hereinafter).More specifically, it can be envisaged that LED light source 48 is dispersed in semiconducting inks 50 In and shape and size are configured such that, and substantial amounts of LED light source 48 is preferably perpendicular to negative electrode during semiconducting inks 50 deposits 44 and anode 54 align.The part LED light source 48 being ultimately electrically connected to electrode 44,54 can be by being applied to negative electrode 44 and anode The voltage source at 54 two ends is lighted.The additional information built about the luminous assembly similar with emission layer 34 was March 12 in 2014 That day submits to, that invented by Lip river literary composition tal fibre (Lowenthal) et al., U.S. Patent Publication No. is 2014-0264396A1, title Patent application for " the ultra-thin printing LED layer removed from substrate " is disclosed, at this by quote comprise its all in Hold.

At least one dielectric layer 56 can be printed on the top of LED light source 48 to be encapsulated by LED light source 48 and/or fixing In place.At least one dielectric layer 56 can correspond to the first dielectric layer 56a and the second dielectric layer 56b, and it can be transparent material. Anode 54 can correspond to the top transparent conductive layer being printed on above dielectric layer 56, with via LED source 48 electrode electrically connected 44, 54.Anode 54 is electrically connected to the second busbar or anodic bus bars 58.It is interior with warp that busbar 46,58 can be used in emission layer 34 By controller 172, multiple LED source 48 are electrically connected to power supply.

Busbar 46,58 can be printed along the relative edge of electrode 44,54 and busbar 46,58 electricity terminates at anode and the moon Pole binding post.For the uniform CURRENT DISTRIBUTION of whole electrode 44,54, the junction point between busbar 46,58 and controller 172 May be located at the diagonal angle of each busbar 46,58.In the exemplary embodiment, each in electrode 44,54 can be The similar conductive material of tin indium oxide (ITO) or substantially printing opacity.

In operation, LED light source 48 may be configured to export the light emission corresponding to specific wavelength.Transmitting may refer to Excitation-emission.Excitation-emission can correspond to the light of various wavelength.In the exemplary embodiment, LED light source 48 excitation-emission Can correspond to blue color spectrum, purple and/or ultra-violet colors scope.It is blue light that blue color spectrum color gamut comprises aggregate performance The wave-length coverage of (~440-500 nanometer).In some embodiments, first wave length λ1Ultraviolet or near ultraviolet color can be comprised The wavelength of scope (~100-450 nanometer).Generally, excitation-emission described here can be used at least in part activate or Excite the embedded photoluminescent material being bonded in device described here.

In certain embodiments, the transmitting from LED light source 48 output can correspond to the shades of colour in visible-range Light.Such as, LED light source may be configured to launch red light (~620-750 nanometer), green light (~526-606 nanometer), Blue light (~430-500 nanometer) and their various combinations.Additionally, LED light source 48 may be configured to launch and various swashs Launching, this excitation-emission is configured to exciting light electroluminescent material and launches red light, green light, white light and shades of colour Light.As further illustrated with reference to Figure 4 and 5, illuminator described here be operable as in response to controller 172 receive each Planting signal and optionally export the transmitting of various wavelength, signal can correspond to various vehicle-state operation conditions etc..

With reference now to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, in some embodiments, photoluminescent layers 60 can be applied to anode 54.Photic Luminescent layer 60 is configurable to change from non-switched transmitting 72 or at least some of of excitation-emission from LED light source 48 74 are launched for the output corresponding to the light in visible spectrum.Photoluminescent layers 60 can have the luminescence generated by light material of restricted concentration Material, so that the Part I of excitation-emission or non-switched transmitting 72 is converted into output and launches 74 and launch from emission layer 34 The Part II of non-switching emission 72 is launched as sterilization.

In the configuration, output transmitting 74 can be launched from the emitting surface 114 of device, thus with visible illumination vehicle The inner surface 14 of 12 at least some of, the Part II of non-switching emission 72 can pass photoluminescent layers 60 simultaneously.Permissible Launch the Part II of non-switching emission 72 from emitting surface 114 to launch as sterilization, sterilization transmitting be configured to one or Carrying out disinfection at least partially of multiple inner surface 14.So, emission layer 34 can be used to output and launches light, and this transmitting light is joined Put for illuminating and sterilize at least some of of vehicle 12.

Luminescence generated by light structure 60 can correspond to coating, layer, thin film and/or luminescence generated by light substrate.Screen printing can be passed through Brush, flexographic printing application photoluminescent layers 60 and/or be otherwise fixed to anode 54 or therebetween centre Layer.In various embodiments, LED light source 48 may be configured to launch non-switching emission 72, and non-switching emission 72 corresponds to Ultraviolet (UV) light launched as sterilization.LED light source 48 is configurable to launch as excitation-emission in photoluminescent layers 60 Non-switching emission 72 so that embedded photoluminescent material is excited.Embedded photoluminescent material in response to receiving non-switching emission 72 and By part non-switching emission 72 from first wave length be converted to export transmitting 74, output launch 74 comprise than first wave length longer extremely Few second wave length.

Non-switching emission 72 can be launched by LED light source 48, and LED light source 48 may be configured to launch UV light.LED light source 48 may be configured to launch non-switching emission 72 or excitation-emission, non-switching emission 72 or excitation-emission corresponding to receiving about 10 Rice is to the wavelength in the ultraviolet light range of 400 nanometers.In the embodiment shown, LED light source 48 may be configured to be transmitted in Ultraviolet radiation in the range of about 10 nanometers to 400 nanometers, and about 200 nanometers can be launched in certain embodiments to 300 The radiation of nanometer, this is particularly suited for sterilization.

Light-transmitting layer 62 or the protection outer layer of emission layer 34 can correspond to one or more coating.Light-transmitting layer can be down to Small part can pass through UV and visible ray.In some embodiments, light-transmitting layer 62 or protective layer can correspond to multiple layer, many Individual layer is configured to pass at least some of projection light of vehicle 12 to provide required sensation and outward appearance.Light-transmitting layer 62 is permissible Corresponding to one or more coatings or sealant and photoluminescent layers 60 or the outer surface of anode 54 can be applied to.Example As, light-transmitting layer 62 can be applied to anode 54.

In order to the Part I of non-switching emission 72 is converted to export transmitting 74, light-transmitting layer 62 can be with luminescence generated by light Layer 60 combines.In this configuration, output transmitting 74 is configurable to the optical illumination vehicle 12 corresponding to visible spectrum extremely A few part.Furthermore, it is possible to launch the Part II of the non-switching emission 72 corresponding to UV spectrum from light-transmitting layer 62.Second Divide and can be launched into carrying out disinfection at least partially with inner surface 14 in vehicle 12.Outside light-transmitting layer 62 can correspond to Layer, this outer layer is configured to protect each other parts of anode and/or photoluminescent layers 60 and luminescent layer 34 to avoid damage And abrasion.

With reference now to Fig. 3, it is shown that the detailed view of the light-transmitting layer 62 of photoluminescent layers 60 and emission layer 34.As here Described, photoluminescent layers 60 can be used in certain embodiments to be converted at least some of non-switching emission 72 at visible ray In the range of output launch 74.LED light source 48 can be via controller 172 and electrode 44,54 and power supply electric connection, so that not turning Change and penetrate 72 and can export from LED light source 48.

As it was noted above, in some embodiments, can correspond to tool from the non-switching emission 72 of LED light source 48 output The sterilization having first wave length is launched, and first wave length corresponds roughly to ultraviolet spectra color gamut.First wave length can comprise ultraviolet With the wavelength near ultraviolet color gamut (~100-450 nanometer).In the exemplary embodiment, first wave length can approximate 270 nanometers.Additionally, for the embodiment combining photoluminescent layers, specific embedded photoluminescent material can be chosen as making Photoluminescent layers 60 has the absorption region corresponding to first wave length.In this configuration, the luminescence generated by light of photoluminescent layers 60 Material can launch output transmitting 74 in response to receiving non-switching emission 72.

In the embodiment being not bound with photoluminescent layers 60, non-switching emission 72 can be formed directly into light-transmitting layer 62. In the embodiment combining photoluminescent layers 60, non-switching emission 72 can be transferred to the most saturating of photoluminescent layers 60 In the material of light.Launch non-switching emission 72 from LED light source 48 and non-switching emission 72 is configurable to make first wave length pair Ying Yu is arranged at least one absorbing wavelength of one or more embedded photoluminescent materials in photoluminescent layers 60.Such as, photic Luminescent layer 60 may be configured to the output that a part for the non-switching emission 72 of first wave length is converted to have second wave length Launching 74, second wave length is different from first wave length.Photoluminescent layers can comprise the embedded photoluminescent material of certain concentration to guarantee The only non-switching emission 72 of part is converted into output transmitting 74.Output launches 74 can comprise one or more wavelength, Qi Zhongyi Planting wavelength can be more longer than first wave length.The conversion that non-switching emission 72 launches 74 to output can be known as Stokes shift (Stokes shift)。

In certain embodiments, output transmitting 74 can correspond to multiple wavelength.Each in multiple wavelength can be right Should be in significantly different spectral color scope.Such as output is launched at least second wave length of 74 and be can correspond to multiple wavelength (such as the Two, is third).In some embodiments, the multiple wavelength during output launches 74 can combine to show as substantially white light. Multiple wavelength can by the emitting red light embedded photoluminescent material of the wavelength with about 620-750 nanometer, there is about 526-606 nanometer The green emitting embedded photoluminescent material of wavelength and there is ratio first wave length λ1The blueness of the wavelength of longer and about 430-525 nanometer Or aeruginous light emitting photo-luminescent material produces.Multiple wavelength can be used to from each luminescence generated by light part from The light of the shades of colour of first wave length conversion.Although here refer to redness, green and blue particular color, but can make The outward appearance of 74 is launched to produce multiple color and combination to control output with various embedded photoluminescent materials.

Can comprise corresponding to the embedded photoluminescent material of photoluminescent layers 60 and be configured to be converted to non-switching emission 72 The organic or inorganic fluorescent dye of 74 is launched in output.Such as, photoluminescent layers 60 can include the embedding benzene of naphthalene (rylene), ton (xanthene), porphyrin (porphyrin), phthalocyanine dye (phthalocyanine) or be suitable to by absorption region and launch fluorescence The luminescence generated by light structure of other material of the specific Stokes shift limited.In certain embodiments, photoluminescent layers 60 It can be at least one phosphor of the group selected from phosphor.Phosphor can be more particularly from cerium (Ce) Garnet group of doping, such as YAG (yttrium-aluminium-garnet): Ce.So, the can received by never switching emission 72 One wavelength selectivity ground exciting light photoluminescence part launches 74 to launch the output with required color.

Again referring to Fig. 3, emission layer 34 may further include the light-transmitting layer 62 of at least part of photic zone form.At some In embodiment, light-transmitting layer 62 can correspond to be configured to the glass surface 36 of vehicle 12 vehicle window part provide required outside The multiple layers seen.Light-transmitting layer 62 is corresponding to one or more coatings or sealant, and may apply to photoluminescent layers 60 Or the surface of anode 54.Light-transmitting layer 62 can correspond to protect outer layer and can comprise at least one stabilized zone, stabilized zone It is configured to protect the embedded photoluminescent material of photoluminescent layers 60 not by by the photodissociation caused by environmental exposure or pyrolysis and thing Reason and chemical damage.Stabilized zone is configurable to single layer that is optical coupled and that adhere to photoluminescent layers 60.Stabilized zone is also Can be combined with photoluminescent layers 60.

In some embodiments, light-transmitting layer 62 can be combined with photoluminescent layers 60 and stabilized zone with by every layer Sequential applications or printing or be laminated by order or imprint and form overall luminescence generated by light structure 76.Furthermore, it is possible to by suitable If sequence coating, be laminated or imprint make dried layer combine to form minor structure.Minor structure can be laminated or imprint to be formed whole afterwards The luminescence generated by light structure 76 of body.Once molding, luminescence generated by light structure 76 just can be applied to anode 54 so that from LED light source 48 The non-switching emission 72 received is converted into output transmitting 74.In relevant at least one luminescence generated by light part being used in vehicle Luminescence generated by light structure structure additional information on July 31st, 2012 submit to, by Crinis Carbonisatus such as Jin Sili (Kingsley) Bright, U.S. Patent No. 8,232,533, entitled " for the conversion of high-efficiency electromagnetic energy with to continue the photodissociation of Secondary Emission steady Fixed and the multiple structure of ambient stable " patent in disclosed, pass through to quote at this to comprise the entire disclosure.

With reference to Fig. 4, it is shown that the detailed side view of the embodiment of multilamellar illumination assembly 92 is described, this illumination assembly 92 sets Put on glass surface 36.Illumination assembly 92 can correspond to device 24 and 26 and may be configured to transmitting and have different ripple The output of long light launches 74.Such as, illumination assembly 92 can be used to launch red light, green light, blue light, ultraviolet light And/or the output transmitting 74 of their various combinations.Each in multilamellar shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 can correspond to and join Examine the structure that the emission layer 34 with same reference numerals described in Fig. 2 with Fig. 3 is similar.More specifically, with reference to Fig. 4, this layer of shape Multiple stacking emission layer 94, stacking emission layer 94 is become to comprise green light emitting layer 96, red light emitting layer 98 and blue light-emitting layer 100. Green light emitting layer 96 and red light emitting layer 98 can comprise green light electroluminescent layer 96a and red light electroluminescent layer 98a respectively.? In this configuration, controller 172 can activate the printing LED layer 102 of each layer 96,98 and 100 independently and launch to activate output 74 at least some of with required color illumination vehicle 12.

Multilamellar illumination assembly 92 can correspond to illuminator 24 or integrating device 26, illuminator 24 or integrating device 26 It is configured to produce the non-switching emission 72 of multi-wavelength and output transmitting 74.Multilamellar illumination assembly 92 is shown as lamination or with it Its mode is fixed to the glass surface 36 of the part vehicle window 15 of vehicle 12.By binding agent 106, illumination assembly can be fixed to Glass surface 36, binding agent 106 can correspond to the binding agent of substantially printing opacity or the binding agent that light is transparent.It is used as bonding The example of the binding agent that the light of agent 106 is transparent can be the acroleic acid binding agent that light is transparent, such as 3MTMThe binding agent that light is transparent 8171 or 8172.By this way, multilamellar illumination assembly 92 can be fixed to glass surface 36, so that the environment outside vehicle 12 Light 108 can pass the part of vehicle window 15 and enter in multilamellar illumination assembly 92.

The installed surface of multilamellar illumination assembly 92 can correspond to substrate 42 or thin layer.Substrate 42 can correspond to dielectric material The bed of material, this dielectric materials layer is configured to protect the first of green light emitting layer 96 such as stack emission layer and make its electric insulation.Often Individual stacking emission layer 94 can comprise negative electrode 44 and anode 54, and printing LED layer 102 is printed on negative electrode 44 He by liquid suspension On surface between anode 54, liquid suspension comprises the LED light source 48 of the certain closeness being dispersed therein.Additionally, it is each Stacking emission layer 94 can by the substrate 42 of thin layer or dielectric layer form separately.In the configuration, with each stacking emission layer 94 The controller 172 that connects with 54 of each electrode 44 can optionally activate printing LED layer 102 to produce output transmitting 74, Output launches 74 corresponding to from each stacking red light of emission layer 94, green light, blue light or their any combination.

As described herein, each stacking emission layer 94 can be substantially transparent or at least part of printing opacity, so that ambient light 108 can illuminate assembly 92 through multilamellar and enter vehicle 12 in combination with output transmitting 74.By this way, multilamellar illumination Assembly 92 stacking emission layer 94 can be used to illuminate vehicle 12 inner surface 14 and also with transmission by vehicle window 15 part And the ambient light 108 entered in multilamellar illumination assembly 92 mixes.Various embodiments described here provide illuminator, This illuminator is operable as utilizing the inner surface 14 of the optical illumination vehicle 12 of substantially any color and can be used for UV It is interior with carrying out disinfection at least partially to the inner surface 14 of vehicle 12 that the sterilization of light is transmitted into vehicle.

As shown in Figure 4, stacking emission layer 94 is arranged to make green light emitting layer 96 closest to glass surface 36, blue-light-emitting Layer 100 is closest to the inside of vehicle 12 or emitting surface 114, and red light emitting layer 98 can be arranged between.Launch Surface 114 may be configured to the non-switching emission of diffusion 72 generally uniformly to launch from the emitting surface 114 of light-transmitting layer 62 Corresponding to each color launching stacking 94.In some embodiments, the order of each emission layer 96,98 and 100 can become Change.It should be noted, however, that in some illustrative embodiments, including the blue light-emitting layer closest to emitting surface 114 100 is favourable.

As shown in Figure 4, the printing LED layer 102 of each stacking emission layer 94 can comprise LED light source 48, LED light source 48 It is configured to launch the excitation-emission of the substantially blue light corresponding to the wavelength with about 420 nanometer-500 nanometers.With reference to red Blue light-emitting layer 100 is set to closest to emitting surface by color luminescent layer 96, green light emitting layer 98 and blue light-emitting layer 100 In the case of 114, blue light produced by the printing LED layer 102 of blue light-emitting layer 100 can be output in vehicle 12. In this configuration, can be from emitting surface output blue light to form at least some of non-switching emission 72, non-switching emission 72 light not being converted to different wave length by photoluminescent layers 60.This configuration is for some particular implementation described here Illuminator is particularly useful, but is not considered as limiting the various combinations of LED light source, and this LED light source is configured to launch The light of different wave length is positioned at the corresponding embedded photoluminescent material of each stacking emission layer 94 as described herein to excite.

Such as, as further illustrated with reference to Fig. 5, the specific printing LED layer of stacking emission layer may be configured to launch First excitation-emission, the first excitation-emission is corresponding with the light being configured to mainly excite the wavelength of the first embedded photoluminescent material. Additionally, at least the second stacking emission layer can comprise the second embedded photoluminescent material, the second embedded photoluminescent material be configured to have with The absorption region that first embedded photoluminescent material is generally different.In the configuration, the first excitation-emission can excite first photic Luminescent material, and the second embedded photoluminescent material is had little to no effect.Every kind of embedded photoluminescent material can be as shown in Figure 5 Combination photoluminescent layers or multiple photoluminescent layers described in reference diagram 4 are bonded in illumination and/or sterilization assembly.

With reference to Fig. 5, it is shown that the detailed side view of the embodiment of multilamellar illumination assembly 122 is described, the illumination of this multilamellar is total 122 are become to be arranged on glass surface 36.Illumination assembly 122 can correspond to device 24 and 26 and may be configured to output tool There are non-switching emission 72 and the output transmitting 74 of the light of various wavelength.Each in multiple layers shown in Fig. 5 can be corresponding In with reference to Fig. 2,3 and the similar layer with same reference numerals described in 4.Specifically, with reference to Fig. 5, this layer defines and comprises First emission layer the 124, second emission layer 126 and multiple stacking emission layers 94 of the 3rd emission layer 128.In the configuration, control Device 172 can activate the printing LED layer 102 of each layer 124,126 and 128 independently and export transmitting 74 to produce, thus with institute Color illumination vehicle 12 at least some of needed.

Different from multilamellar illumination assembly 92, multilamellar illumination assembly 122 comprises the photoluminescent layers 130 of combination, luminescence generated by light Layer 130 comprises multiple embedded photoluminescent material.Every kind of embedded photoluminescent material is configurable to have specific absorption region, this absorption Scope is corresponding to the transmitting from the first emission layer 124 or the second emission layer 126.Such as, the first emission layer 124 can To be configured to launch the first excitation-emission, the first excitation-emission is configured to the first absorption with the first embedded photoluminescent material 129 Scope is target, and the first embedded photoluminescent material 129 is bonded to combine in photoluminescent layers 130.By this way, first excite Transmitting may be configured to excite the first embedded photoluminescent material 129.

Second emission layer 126 may be configured to launch the second excitation-emission, and the second excitation-emission is configured to be combined in Second absorption region of the second embedded photoluminescent material 132 in combination photoluminescent layers 130 is target.Second absorption region is permissible Corresponding to the light with the wavelength of the first generally different scope of absorption region.By this way, the second excitation-emission can configure use The second embedded photoluminescent material 132 is excited in being mainly independent on the first embedded photoluminescent material 129 ground.In this configuration, first Penetrate each in layer 124 and the second emission layer 126 to may be configured to generally independently excite the first embedded photoluminescent material 129 With each in the second embedded photoluminescent material 132.

As described herein, multilamellar illumination assembly 92 and 122 is operable as being sent out by each stacking of being selected independently property activation Penetrate layer 94 and launch the light corresponding to shades of colour, thus the output producing various combination launches 74.First embedded photoluminescent material 129 and second embedded photoluminescent material 132 can be respectively provided for launching the visible of the visible ray of the first color and the second color Light.Such as, the first color can correspond to green light substantially and the second color can correspond to red light substantially.This Outward, the 3rd emission layer 128 may be configured to launch blue light, blue light can with red and green light optionally combine with Control output and launch the color of 74 so that output launch 74 can any one of the light that show as shades of colour or they Combination.

In certain embodiments, the first absorption region can correspond to the light more longer than the wavelength of the second absorption region.With This mode, the first embedded photoluminescent material can be illuminated independent of the second embedded photoluminescent material 132 ground.Can be by being used as The specific light electroluminescent material of every kind of embedded photoluminescent material 129 and 132 configures absorption region and produced transmitting.Photic The various combinations of luminescent material can provide the combination of shades of colour and wavelength.

Terminology used here absorption region defines wave-length coverage, and this wave-length coverage can be with exciting light electroluminescent layer or group The embedded photoluminescent material of photoluminescent layers that closes and make embedded photoluminescent material be excited.This luminescence generated by light partial response is in exciting And launch the transmitting with the light being at least partially disposed at least one wavelength outside absorption region.In various embodiments, The absorption region of embedded photoluminescent material can change as described herein.Furthermore, it is possible to based on luminescence generated by light knot described here The material behavior of structure selects to launch the light emission of fluorescent form.

Followed by embedded photoluminescent material and the example of the particular combination of light source.Certain material described here and model are provided Enclose for illustrating and noting limit.Blueness that first absorption region can correspond to have the wavelength of about 390-450 nanometer and/or The wave-length coverage of the light of near-UV range.UV that second absorption region can correspond to have the wavelength of about 250-410 nanometer and/or The most non-overlapped wave-length coverage of the light of blue spectrum.First excitation-emission can be about 430 nanometers and is configured to make First embedded photoluminescent material 129 exports the green emitted of about 525 nanometers.Second excitation-emission can be about 370 nanometers and joins Put for making the second embedded photoluminescent material 132 export the orange red transmitting of about 645 nanometers.By this way, embedded photoluminescent material Each in 129 and 132 optionally can be excited to distinguish independently by the first emission layer 124 and the second emission layer 126 Output green light substantially and orange-red light substantially.

Generally, embedded photoluminescent material 129 and 132 can in various proportions, type, layer etc. are combined to produce every kind of luminescence and send out The shades of colour penetrated.Although there has been described certain material and the structure of embedded photoluminescent material, but without departing from present invention spirit In the case of can use various material.In some embodiments, the first embedded photoluminescent material 129 is configured to have ratio second The first absorption region that absorption region is the biggest.Additionally, the second excitation-emission can correspond to than the first excitation-emission substantially Shorter wavelength or wave-length coverage.

In some embodiments, the first embedded photoluminescent material 129 can comprise organic fluorescent dye, organic fluorescent dye It is configured to the first excitation-emission is converted to substantially green light.Such as, the first embedded photoluminescent material can comprise the embedding benzene of naphthalene (rylene), ton (xanthene), porphyrin (porphyrin), phthalocyanine dye (phthalocyanine) or be suitable to by absorbing The luminescence generated by light structure of other material of the specific Stokes shift that scope and transmitting fluorescence are limited.First luminescence generated by light material Material 129 can be chosen as having the Stokes shift more shorter than the second embedded photoluminescent material 132.By this way, photic Each in luminescent material 129 and 132 can be illuminated by the first emission layer 124 and the second emission layer 126 with output independently The light of different colours.

Second embedded photoluminescent material 132 can comprise and is configured to produce this more longer than the first embedded photoluminescent material 129 The luminescence generated by light structure of lentor displacement.Second embedded photoluminescent material 132 can comprise be configured to have the second absorption region and Required output wavelength or the organic or inorganic material of color.In the exemplary embodiment, the second embedded photoluminescent material 132 can be At least one phosphor selected from the group of phosphor.Phosphor can adulterate more particularly from cerium (Ce) Garnet group, such as YAG (yttrium-aluminium-garnet): Ce.This configuration can provide first than the first embedded photoluminescent material 129 Second Stokes shift of the second embedded photoluminescent material 132 that Stokes shift is longer.

With reference now to Figure 4 and 5, stacking emission layer 94 additionally can be incorporated in multilamellar illumination assembly 92 and 122.This Outward, one or more stacking emission layer 94 can be saved from multilamellar illumination assembly 92 and 122.Such as, stacking UV emission layer can To be added to one of them stacking emission layer 94 of multilamellar illumination assembly 92 and 122 or to exchange therewith.Stacking UV emission layer can With corresponding to the emission layer 34 with reference to described in Fig. 2 and 3, this emission layer has the LED source 48 being configured to launch UV light.Join at this In putting, controller 172 can be used to control output and launches the color of 74 and launch in vehicle 12 as sterilization transmitting Non-switching emission 72.

With reference to Fig. 6, it is shown that for operating the flow chart of the method 150 of this illuminator.The method can relate to for The control program of illuminator, this control program is arranged for controlling for output and launches the color of 74.Can be in response to vehicle 12 Climate controlling or temperature control output and launch the color of 74.As described herein, method 150 can specify that this illuminator With cool colour or the passenger compartment 10 of nattier blue optical illumination vehicle 12 and in the vehicle heating operation phase during vehicle cooling down operation Between with warm colour or the passenger compartment 10 of pink optical illumination vehicle 12.

Controller 172 can start heating or cold in response to vehicle climate control system and/or the activation of illuminator But photocontrol program (152), illuminator can correspond to illuminator described here.Can adding by monitoring vehicle 12 Hot and cold but system starts to control program (154).Controller 172 can pass through vehicle control system, communication bus or by car Receive the various optional communication corresponding to the various systems of vehicle 12 monitor heating and cooling system.

Once activation, it is possible to process this control program to determine that whether cooling system is in work by controller 172 (156).If cooling system is in work, then controller 172 can set with the temperature of the temperature of passenger compartment 10 and passenger compartment 10 Difference between putting increases output accordingly and launches the blue color (158) in 74.If determining that in step 156 vehicle cools down System is off, then controller 172 can continue control program to determine that whether heating system is in work (160).If Determine that heating system is in work in a step 160, then controller 172 can be with the temperature of passenger compartment 10 and the temperature of passenger compartment 10 Difference between degree is arranged increases the red tone (162) in output transmitting 74 accordingly.Once the heating recognizing vehicle 12 With the operation conditions (activeness) of cooling system, this program 150 just may return to step 154 with monitoring vehicle 12 heating and Cooling system.

Similar to method 150, controller 172 may be configured to control illuminator launch with various vehicle-states, from Vehicle bus or any peripheral hardware or the light of the color corresponding with the signal that the measurement apparatus of controller 172 communication receives.Example As, controller 172 receives signal based on the vehicle location from global location (GPS) equipment and the position in response to vehicle 12 Put and change output and launch the color of 74.

With reference to Fig. 7, it is shown that the block diagram of system.This system can correspond to the device 22,24 and 26 of vehicle 12. As described herein, controller 172 can be used for controlling to be similar to the various systems of described here those, including this device Various combinations and change.Each in device 22,24 and 26 can comprise emission layer 34 and 94.Controller 172 can pass through The communication assembly 176 of vehicle 12 communicates with vehicle control module 174.Communication bus 176 may be configured to pass to controller 172 Pass the signal identifying various vehicle-states.Such as, communication bus 176 may be configured to communicate vehicle 12 to controller 172 Drive remotely activation, vehicle heating or cooling or the weather control of selection, fired state, car door opening or crack situation, LED source 48 The situation that is heated or cooled of system processed or may be used for activating or controlling any out of Memory of emission layer 34 and 94 or control letter Number.Although there is illustrated controller 172, but in certain embodiments, device 22,24 and 26 can by one or more electricity or Electric mechanical switch controls.

Controller 172 can comprise processor 178, and processor 178 has one or more circuit, circuit be configured to from Communication bus 176 receives signal and transmission output signal to control emission layer 34 and 94.Processor 178 can be with memorizer 180 communications, memorizer 180 is configured to the instruction that storage controls the activation of emission layer 34 and 94.Controller 172 can be further Communicate with ambient light sensor 182.Ambient light sensor 182 can be used to Communication ray situation, the such as ring of adjacent vehicle 12 The luminance level of border light or intensity.In response to the level of ambient light, controller 172 may be configured to adjust from emission layer 34 He The intensity of the light of 94 outputs.Can be fed to the dutycycle of LED source 48 by control, curtage adjusts from emission layer 34 Intensity with the light of 94 outputs.

Controller 172 can communicate with one or more sensors 184 that take further, takies sensor 184 configuration and uses Existence in detection automotive occupant.Taking sensor 184 can be with overall arrangement for detecting whether has lived occupant (such as Animal) it is positioned at vehicle 12.Take sensor 184 to comprise and be positioned at the weight sensor of passenger seat and/or floor, red Outer sensor, video camera, microphone and be configured to detect vehicle 12 passenger compartment 10 in weight, temperature, motion, sound Deng various proximity transducers.Controller 172 can use and be received from the signal taking sensor 184 to identify occupant whether position Internal in vehicle 12.One is sized vehicle 12 is not occupied, and controller 172 just can be sent out to activate not changing of sterilization transmitting form Penetrating 72, this non-switching emission 72 is produced by one or more emission layers 34 and 94.By this way, controller 172 can be in profit By the non-switching emission 72 of sterilization transmitting form vehicle 12 carried out disinfection and determine that vehicle 12 is not occupied before.

Controller 172 is operated for identifying whether occupant is positioned in combination with the communication received by communication bus 176 In the passenger compartment 10 of vehicle and additionally identify whether vehicle interior closes (closure member and vehicle window such as vehicle are closed).? In this configuration, controller 172 be arranged for controlling for non-switching emission 72 with when vehicle 12 is not occupied and closes from transmitting Layer 34 and 94 exports non-switching emission 72.Filtering or barrier coat additionally, the vehicle window of vehicle 12 can comprise UV, this coating can be grasped Act on and limit the UV radiation of the entrance from the sun and stop non-switching emission 72 from the internal effusion of vehicle 12.

In order to illustrate and limit the purpose of the teachings of the present invention, it should be noted that here with term " generally " and " about " represent be attributable to any quantitative comparison, numerical value, measurement or other represent intrinsic degree of uncertainty.The most also Utilizing term " generally " and " about " to represent in the case of not causing the change of basic function of described theme, quantificational expression can With from the described degree with reference to change.

It should be appreciated that without departing from the inventive concept, said structure can be made changes and modifications. Although illustrating with reference to surface of vehicle in various illustrative embodiment, but this decontaminating apparatus can being used in corresponding to daily quilt The various surfaces on the surface of contact.Surface described here can correspond at least partly transparent surface.Such surface can With include but not limited to door handle, handrail, armrest, headrest, working surface (such as stayed surface), controller, seat and The various other fixing device can being touched in the routine use of vehicle 12 and surface.It should be further understood that this The design of invention is intended to be covered by, and clearly states unless these claim is separately had by its word.

Claims (20)

1. it is configured to the device that vehicle is carried out disinfection, comprises:
First electrode, a part for described first electrode substantially covering part light penetrating panel;
Multiple printing LED, the plurality of printing LED is suspended in the semiconducting inks being positioned on described first electrode and configures Launch for launching sterilization;
Second electrode, described second electrode electrically connects with the plurality of LED;And
Light-transmitting layer, described light-transmitting layer forms the inner surface of face glass and is connected with described second electrode, wherein said Light-transmitting layer can be used to make transmitting by described light-transmitting layer at least partially of described sterilization transmitting, so that described sterilization The described part launched is transmitted into the inner surface of described vehicle.
Device the most according to claim 1, wherein said first electrode and described second electrode are corresponding to the most thoroughly The layer of light.
Device the most according to claim 1, comprises controller further, described controller and described first electrode and described Second electrode connection.
Device the most according to claim 3, wherein said controller is configured to select in response at least one vehicle-state Activate to selecting property described sterilization to launch.
Device the most according to claim 4, at least one state wherein said is not occupied corresponding to described vehicle.
Device the most according to claim 3, comprises at least one further and takies sensor, described at least one take biography Sensor and described controller communication.
Device the most according to claim 6, wherein said at least one take sensor corresponding to seat sensor, close At least one in sensor, infrared sensor, video camera and microphone.
Device the most according to claim 1, comprises photoluminescent layers further, and described photoluminescent layers is used in described Between second electrode and described light-transmitting layer.
Device the most according to claim 8, wherein said photoluminescent layers is configured to described sterilization launched Dividing and be converted to output transmitting, described output transmitting is configured to illuminate at least some of of described vehicle.
Device the most according to claim 9, the wavelength corresponding to less than about 380nm and institute are launched in wherein said sterilization State output and launch greater than about 400nm.
11. 1 kinds, for the luminescent skin layer of vehicle, comprise:
Pair of electrodes, the pair of electrode substantially covers a part for the face glass of described vehicle;
Multiple printing LED, the plurality of printing LED in semiconducting inks are arranged between said electrodes and operable use In the excitation-emission launching first wave length;And
The photoluminescent layers of one of them described electrode neighbouring, described photoluminescent layers is configured to change described excitation-emission Output for second wave length is launched.
12. top layers according to claim 11, wherein said top layer is connected to described face glass by binding agent Inner surface, described binding agent is substantially printing opacity.
13. top layers according to claim 11, wherein said top layer is configured to receive light from described face glass and incite somebody to action Being transferred at least partially in described vehicle interior of described light.
14. top layers according to claim 11, comprise diffusion film further, and described diffusion film is disposed adjacent to described Photoluminescent layers and being configured to makes described output launch diffusion, so that the emitting surface from described top layer is launched in described output Generally uniformly launch.
15. top layers according to claim 11, wherein said top layer is formed and is configured to fit to the flexibility of non-planar surfaces Thin layer.
16. top layers according to claim 11, wherein said top layer has the profile thickness of about 0.1mm to 2mm.
17. 1 kinds, for the luminous assembly of vehicle, comprise:
Multiple luminescent layers, comprise:
Pair of electrodes, the pair of electrode substantially covers a part for the face glass of described vehicle;
Multiple printing LED, the plurality of printing LED in semiconducting inks are arranged between said electrodes and operable use In launching the excitation-emission of first wave length, luminescent layer described at least one of which comprises the photic of one of them described electrode neighbouring Luminescent layer, described photoluminescent layers is configured to be converted to described excitation-emission at least the first output of second wave length and launches.
18. luminous assemblies according to claim 17, the most each described luminescent layer is configured to produce output and launches, institute State output and launch the light corresponding to different wave length.
19. luminous assemblies according to claim 18, comprise controller further, and described controller is configured to selectivity Ground activates each described luminescent layer, so that the light corresponding to various different wave lengths is launched in the output of combination.
20. luminous assemblies according to claim 17, wherein said controller is configured to activate in response to heating operation First luminescent layer of the plurality of luminescent layer is launched the light of the first color and activates the plurality of in response to cooling down operation The light of the second color launched by second luminescent layer of photosphere.
CN201610397597.7A 2013-11-21 2016-06-07 Color change and disinfecting surface CN106237351A (en)

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US8415642B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2013-04-09 Performance Indicator, Llc Photolytically and environmentally stable multilayer structure for high efficiency electromagnetic energy conversion and sustained secondary emission
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