CN106171259B - A kind of stubble cleaner - Google Patents

A kind of stubble cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106171259B
CN106171259B CN201610735160.XA CN201610735160A CN106171259B CN 106171259 B CN106171259 B CN 106171259B CN 201610735160 A CN201610735160 A CN 201610735160A CN 106171259 B CN106171259 B CN 106171259B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stubble
cleaning
housing
component
chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201610735160.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106171259A (en
Inventor
张月秋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Lekelai Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Lekelai Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Lekelai Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Lekelai Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610735160.XA priority Critical patent/CN106171259B/en
Publication of CN106171259A publication Critical patent/CN106171259A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106171259B publication Critical patent/CN106171259B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The present invention relates to field of agricultural machinery, more particularly to a kind of stubble cleaner.A kind of stubble cleaner, including support assembly, and the stubble-clearing device being arranged on support assembly;The support assembly includes housing, and the hanger bracket being arranged on housing;The stubble-clearing device includes stubble-cleaning component, rolling component and transmission component;The stubble cleaner structure is novel, and stubble-cleaning effect is good;And the segment stalk obtained by stubble-cleaning is easier to be absorbed by farmland.

Description

A kind of stubble cleaner
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of agricultural machinery, more particularly to a kind of stubble cleaner.
Background technology
Traditional agriculture cultivation process includes the key step such as loosening the soil, sow, cultivate and gather in, adjoint in traditional cultivation culture In the evolution of process of industrialization, the separate step in farming can be realized by the farm machinery of specialty, so as to big Improve agricultural working efficiency greatly.It can accomplish individually to play threshing such as existing thresing machine, the harvesting that can greatly promote peasant is imitated Rate.It is environmental protection, and do not allow to burn but whole of the stalk left after threshing is placed in field;Therefore existing stubble-cleaning owner It is used to after removing is gathered in leave crop root residue in the ground.But there is the weak point of following several respects in existing stubble cleaner: 1, the blade structure in existing stubble cleaner is unreasonable, and stubble-cleaning is ineffective, need to improve;2, the function of existing stubble cleaner is single, Only stubble cleaning functions, will long stalk be cut into segment;Segment stalk after stubble-cleaning does not go deep into field, thus these stalks are difficult Rot by soil absorption.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of stubble cleaner, and the stubble cleaner structure is novel, stubble-cleaning Effect is good;And the segment stalk obtained by stubble-cleaning is easier to be absorbed by farmland.
In order to realize above-mentioned purpose, present invention employs following technical scheme:
A kind of stubble cleaner, including support assembly, and the stubble-clearing device being arranged on support assembly;It is characterized in that:
The support assembly includes housing, and the hanger bracket being arranged on housing;The housing includes mainboard, Yi Jilian The side plate for being fixed on mainboard both ends is connect, two blocks of side plates are parallel to each other, and the bottom of two blocks of side plates is provided with slide plate, side side plate Transmission case body is additionally provided with lateral surface, stubble-cleaning chamber and rolling chamber are formed between mainboard lower surface and two blocks of side plates;The stubble-cleaning chamber Front end accent be provided with chaining component, chaining component includes the chain bar that both ends are fixed on side plate, and upper end is hung Chain spacer on a plurality of gear chain being located in chain bar, and the chain bar being arranged between adjacent two gear chains;The rolling Pressure chamber is in stubble-cleaning chamber rear, rolls and is hingedly attached to the housing with rolling chamber lid plate above chamber, rolls solid on the upper surface of chamber lid plate Surely there is handle;
The stubble-clearing device includes stubble-cleaning component, rolling component and transmission component;The stubble-cleaning component is in going out for housing Stubble intracavitary, stubble-cleaning component include cutter shaft and multiple knife group units, are fixed with bearing block on the housing biside plate, bearing block is default There is bearing position;Cutter shaft includes cutter spindle sleeve, and the cutter shaft bar being arranged in cutter spindle sleeve, the end of cutter shaft bar are positioned in bearing; The multiple knife group unit is arranged on the outer circumferential face of cutter spindle sleeve, and knife group unit has four row, phase along cutter spindle sleeve axial arranging Angle between the axial line of adjacent two row knife group units is 90 °, and adjacent two row knife group unit is not at same sagittal plane On;The knife group unit is worn by two panels blade to be formed by connecting, the Y-shaped combination of two panels blade, and forms the V-arrangement edge of a knife;The rolling Pressure component is arranged on rolling intracavitary, and rolling component includes roller assembly and cleaning shoe, rolls and be fixed with the housing two side of chamber Installing plate, by bearing location and installation on a mounting board, cleaning shoe is arranged on roller assembly rear at the both ends of roller assembly;
The transmission component includes gearbox assembly, and for connecting the power transmission shaft of power source, and it is arranged on transmission The pulley assemblies of box house;The input of the gearbox assembly is fixed on the pedestal of housing, the input of gearbox assembly End is connected with power transmission shaft, and the output end of gearbox assembly is located in transmission case body;The pulley assemblies include being connected to tooth Take turns the driving pulley in box assembly output end, and the driven pulley being connected on cutter shaft end, and connection driving pulley and The transmission belt of driven pulley.
The present invention uses above-mentioned technical proposal, and long stalk is cut into segment by the stubble-cleaning function, is placed in field, is exposed to the sun and rain, Easily rot to become organic fertilizer, play the environmental-protection function of straw-returning, it has following several respects compared to existing stubble cleaner Advantage.
1, the stubble-cleaning component of the stubble cleaner includes cutter shaft, and the multiple knife group units being arranged in cutter shaft peripheral surface, In stubble cleaner running, the knife group unit on cutter shaft carries out stubble-cleaning to the stalk of leaving in field, due to knife group unit axial direction It is placed with four row, and adjacent two row are in different sagittal planes, multigroup knife group unit can cooperate stubble-cleaning, stubble-cleaning efficiency high;Knife The Y-shaped combination of blade in group unit, and forms the V-arrangement edge of a knife, and blade gos deep into inside field during stubble-cleaning, so as to go deep into ground Portion carries out stubble-cleaning for the root of stalk, and stubble-cleaning effect is good;In addition, knife group unit contacts with ground simultaneously for ground stubble-cleaning, Rolled for cutter shaft and carry out stablizing support, stubble cleaner operation is more steady.
2, it is provided with rolling component after the stubble-cleaning component of the stubble cleaner, during stubble cleaner running, stubble-cleaning component is gone out Stubble, will long stalk be cut into segment, rolling component rolls to segment stalk, after making the segment stalk after stubble-cleaning rolled Go deep into field, these stalks are easy to rot by soil absorption.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the Structure explosion diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the Structure explosion diagram of knife group unit.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the preferred embodiments of the invention are described in further detail.
A kind of stubble cleaner as shown in Fig. 1 ~ 3, including support assembly, and the stubble-clearing device being arranged on support assembly. Long stalk is cut into segment by the stubble-cleaning function, is placed in field, is exposed to the sun and rain, and is easily rotted to become organic fertilizer, is played straw-returning Environmental-protection function.
The support assembly includes housing 11, and the hanger bracket being arranged on housing 11, and the driving hanger bracket Adjust the adjustment oil cylinder 12 of station.The housing 11 includes mainboard 111, and is fastened on the side plate at the both ends of mainboard 111 112, two blocks of side plates 112 are parallel to each other, and the bottoms of two blocks of side plates 112 is provided with slide plate 13, on the lateral surface of side side plate 112 Transmission case body 14 is additionally provided with, stubble-cleaning chamber and rolling chamber are formed between the lower surface of mainboard 111 and two blocks of side plates 112.The stubble-cleaning chamber Front end accent be provided with chaining component, chaining component includes the chain bar 151, Yi Jishang that both ends are fixed on side plate 112 End is hung on a plurality of gear chain 152 in chain bar 151, and in the chain bar 151 being arranged between adjacent two gear chains 152 Chain spacer 153.The rolling chamber is in stubble-cleaning chamber rear, rolls and rolling chamber lid plate is hinged with the housing 11 above chamber 161, roll and be fixed with handle 162 on the upper surface of chamber lid plate 161.
Be fixed with hinged seat 17 on the upper surface of housing 11, pedestal 18 connects end plate 19 with polylith, pedestal 18 is fixed on The front center of housing 11, hinged seat 17 are fixed on the housing 11 of the top of pedestal 18, and polylith connection end plate 19 is separately fixed at On the housing 11 of the both sides of pedestal 18.The hanger bracket includes chassis bar 21, and the upper frame 22 being fixed on chassis bar 21.It is described The upper center of upper frame 22 is provided with articulated slab 23 and two pieces of suspension otic placodes 24, and two pieces are hung suspension groove between otic placodes 24, housing 11 On hinged seat 17 be connected with the articulated slab 23 of upper frame 22 by pull bar 28, the upper end of pull bar 28 is be hinged solid with articulated slab 23 It is fixed, bottom and the be hinged fixation of hinged seat 17 of pull bar 28.The both ends of chassis bar 21 are provided with traversing sleeve pipe 25, traversing set The inside of pipe 25 is equipped with traversing pipe axle 26, and the outer end of traversing pipe axle 26 is connected with armshaft 27 of trying to stop people from fighting each other.The armshaft of trying to stop people from fighting each other of homonymy 27 are connected with being connected end plate 19.The adjustment oil cylinder 12 is fixed on housing 11, and the output shaft of adjustment oil cylinder 12 is connected to Try to stop people from fighting each other on armshaft 27 side.Under said structure, stubble cleaner is connected on rear side of tractor by hanger bracket, and tractor is stubble cleaner Stubble-cleaning power and preceding action edge are provided, tune machine can be carried out by adjusting oil cylinder 12 before stubble cleaner work, specifically adjust oil cylinder 12 Output driving hanger bracket it is traversing with respect to housing 11, when reaching ideal position, be finely adjusted will try to stop people from fighting each other armshaft 27 with it is nearest Connection end plate 19 is connected, so as to have adjusted the relative position between hanger bracket and housing 11.During work, it can be dragged according to outfit The model of machine drawing, and need the direction of stubble-cleaning to be adjusted, adaptability is good.
The stubble-clearing device includes stubble-cleaning component, rolling component and transmission component.It is total that the transmission component includes gear-box Into 31, and for connecting the power transmission shaft 32 of power source, and it is arranged on the pulley assemblies inside transmission case body 14.The gear The input of box assembly 31 is fixed on the pedestal 18 of housing 11, and the input of gearbox assembly 31 is connected with power transmission shaft 32, The output end of gearbox assembly 31 is located in transmission case body 14.The pulley assemblies export including being connected to gearbox assembly 31 Driving pulley 33 on end, and the driven pulley 34 being connected on stubble-cleaning component, and connection driving pulley 33 and driven belt The transmission belt 35 of wheel 34.
The stubble-cleaning component is in the stubble-cleaning intracavitary of housing 11, and stubble-cleaning component includes cutter shaft and multiple knife group units 45, institute State and be fixed with bearing block on the biside plate 112 of housing 11, bearing is located in bearing block.Cutter shaft includes cutter spindle sleeve 43, and sets Cutter shaft bar 44 in cutter spindle sleeve 43, the end of cutter shaft bar 44 are positioned in bearing, and are connected on driven pulley 34.It is described more Individual knife group unit 45 is arranged on the outer circumferential face of cutter spindle sleeve 43, and knife group unit 45 has four row along the axial arranging of cutter spindle sleeve 43, Angle between the axial line of adjacent two row knife group unit 45 is 90 °, and adjacent two row knife group unit 45 is not at same footpath To in plane.The knife group unit 45 is worn by two panels blade 46 to be formed by connecting, the Y-shaped combination of two panels blade, and forms V-arrangement knife Mouthful.In stubble cleaner running, the knife group unit 45 on cutter shaft carries out stubble-cleaning to the stalk of leaving in field, due to knife group unit 45 axial arrangings have four row, and adjacent two row be in different sagittal planes, and multigroup knife group unit 45 can cooperate stubble-cleaning, and stubble-cleaning is imitated Rate is high.The Y-shaped combination of blade in knife group unit 45, and form the V-arrangement edge of a knife, blade gos deep into inside field during stubble-cleaning, so as to Go deep into the root inside ground for stalk and carry out stubble-cleaning, stubble-cleaning effect is good.In addition, knife group unit 45 for ground stubble-cleaning simultaneously Contacted with ground, rolled for cutter shaft and carry out stablizing support, stubble cleaner operation is more steady.
The rolling component is arranged on rolling intracavitary, and rolling component includes roller assembly 51 and cleaning shoe 52, rolls chamber Installing plate 53 is fixed with the two side of housing 11, the both ends of roller assembly 51 on a mounting board, are scraped by bearing location and installation Mud plate 52 is arranged on the rear of roller assembly 51.Rolling component, stubble cleaner running are provided with after the stubble-cleaning component of the stubble cleaner When, stubble-cleaning component carries out stubble-cleaning, will long stalk be cut into segment, rolling component rolls to segment stalk, after making stubble-cleaning Segment stalk it is rolled after go deep into field, these stalks are easy to rot by soil absorption.
It should be appreciated that the above-mentioned embodiment of the present invention is used only for exemplary illustration or explains the present invention's Principle, without being construed as limiting the invention.Therefore, that is done in the case of without departing from spirit and scope of the present invention is any Modification, equivalent substitution, improvement etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.In addition, appended claims purport of the present invention Covering the whole changes fallen into scope and border or this scope and the equivalents on border and repairing Change example.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of stubble cleaner, including support assembly, and the stubble-clearing device being arranged on support assembly;It is characterized in that:
The support assembly includes housing, and the hanger bracket being arranged on housing;The housing includes mainboard, and connection is admittedly The side plate at mainboard both ends is scheduled on, two blocks of side plates are parallel to each other, and the bottom of two blocks of side plates is provided with slide plate, the outside of side side plate Transmission case body is additionally provided with face, stubble-cleaning chamber and rolling chamber are formed between mainboard lower surface and two blocks of side plates;Before the stubble-cleaning chamber End accent is provided with chaining component, and chaining component includes the chain bar that both ends are fixed on side plate, and upper end is hung on Chain spacer on a plurality of gear chain in chain bar, and the chain bar being arranged between adjacent two gear chains;The rolling chamber In stubble-cleaning chamber rear, roll and be hingedly attached to the housing with rolling chamber lid plate above chamber, roll and be fixed with the upper surface of chamber lid plate Handle;
The stubble-clearing device includes stubble-cleaning component, rolling component and transmission component;The stubble-cleaning component is in the stubble-cleaning chamber of housing Interior, stubble-cleaning component includes cutter shaft and multiple knife group units, is fixed with bearing block on the housing biside plate, is located in bearing block Bearing;Cutter shaft includes cutter spindle sleeve, and the cutter shaft bar being arranged in cutter spindle sleeve, the end of cutter shaft bar are positioned in bearing;It is described Multiple knife group units are arranged on the outer circumferential face of cutter spindle sleeve, and knife group unit has four row along cutter spindle sleeve axial arranging, and adjacent two Angle between the axial line of row knife group unit is 90 °, and adjacent two row knife group unit is not on same sagittal plane;Institute State knife group unit and worn by two panels blade and is formed by connecting, the Y-shaped combination of two panels blade, and form the V-arrangement edge of a knife;The rolling component Rolling intracavitary is arranged on, rolling component includes roller assembly and cleaning shoe, rolls and be fixed with installing plate on the housing two side of chamber, By bearing location and installation on a mounting board, cleaning shoe is arranged on roller assembly rear at the both ends of roller assembly;
The transmission component includes gearbox assembly, and for connecting the power transmission shaft of power source, and it is arranged on transmission case body Internal pulley assemblies;The input of the gearbox assembly is fixed on the pedestal of housing, the input of gearbox assembly with Power transmission shaft is connected, and the output end of gearbox assembly is located in transmission case body;The pulley assemblies include being connected to gear-box Driving pulley in assembly output end, and the driven pulley being connected on cutter shaft end, and connection driving pulley and driven The transmission belt of belt wheel.
CN201610735160.XA 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 A kind of stubble cleaner Expired - Fee Related CN106171259B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610735160.XA CN106171259B (en) 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 A kind of stubble cleaner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610735160.XA CN106171259B (en) 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 A kind of stubble cleaner

Publications (2)

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CN106171259A CN106171259A (en) 2016-12-07
CN106171259B true CN106171259B (en) 2018-03-30

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111066455A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-04-28 盐城可理斯机械制造有限公司 Grass splashing prevention device at front part of mower

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6092607A (en) * 1999-10-13 2000-07-25 Bercheny; Anthony R. Hydraulic ground-cleaning apparatus
CN2932952Y (en) * 2006-08-15 2007-08-15 杨峰 Direct driving stubble cleaner capable of self-adjusting working depth
CN2935744Y (en) * 2006-09-11 2007-08-22 黑龙江省水利科学研究院 Vibrative deep loosening rotary tillage stubble cleaner

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20150208569A1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-07-30 Lester F. Pritchard Rock Picking System

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6092607A (en) * 1999-10-13 2000-07-25 Bercheny; Anthony R. Hydraulic ground-cleaning apparatus
CN2932952Y (en) * 2006-08-15 2007-08-15 杨峰 Direct driving stubble cleaner capable of self-adjusting working depth
CN2935744Y (en) * 2006-09-11 2007-08-22 黑龙江省水利科学研究院 Vibrative deep loosening rotary tillage stubble cleaner

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